21 December 2018

BLOGGING BREAK: Holidays (Until 2 Jan 2019)

(image source: secretldn)

The ESCLH Blog Team thanks all its visitors for their uninterrupted stream of visits. We will though take a break from posting until 2 January 2019.

Enjoy the holidays and visit us again for updates in the New Year !

HONORARY DOCTORATE: Prof. dr. Heikki PIHLAJAMÄKI (Helsinki) appointed dr. h.c. at Lund University

(image source: Helsinki Uni)

Prof. dr. Heikki Pihljamäki (Helsinki), editor-in-chief of our society's journal, Comparative Legal History, has been appointed as a doctor honoris causa by the University of Lund in Sweden.

(source: Lund University)

BLOG SYMPOSIUM: South and East Asian Perspectives on International Law (Völkerrechtsblog)

(image source: Voelkerrechtsblog)

The Völkerrechtsblog launched a symposium on South and East Asian Perspectives on International Law.

Contributions so far:
- "The Ecological Atlas of International Law. A Chinese Reading of Three Celebrated Works in the Comparative International Law Discourse" (Yuwen Fan)
- The ‘Standard of Civilization’ in international law. Intellectual perspectives fom pre-war Japan (Mohammad Shahabuddin)
- "Are We Living in the “Eastphalian” Moment? South and East Asian Perspectives on International Law" (Raffaele Kunz & Sebastian Spitra)

More information here.

INTERVIEW: Dimitri VAN DEN MEERSSCHE & Pascal MESSER interview Martti KOSKENNIEMI on "International Law and the Far Right" (Opinio Iuris, 10 DEC 2018)

(image source: OpinioJuris)

Opinio Iuris has an extended interview with Martti Koskenniemi, following his lecture on 29 November 2018 in The Hague on "International Law and the Far Right."

First paragraph:

Last week in the Peace Palace, Prof. Martti Koskenniemi spoke about international law and the rise of the far right for the Hague-based T.M.C. Asser Instituut. “Economic reforms are of no concern to these protesters. And the more you try to reform, the more you will appear like a hopeless idiot.” An interview with Prof. Martti Koskenniemi on the backlash against globalism, fake expertise and the smoking gun in his historical work by Dimitri van den Meerssche & Pascal Messer. At the Fourth Asser Annual Lecture you spoke about the current ‘backlash’ against international law and its institutions and the rise of the extreme right. You seem to have your own analysis on the nature of this backlash and where it stems from. Yes. I am critical of this liberal understanding which tries to establish a sympathetic relationship with people who are assumed to have been, as the cliché goes, ‘left behind’, those lost somewhere in an ‘unavoidable process of globalisation’. This sociological and economic account looks at the way in which the economic benefits from globalisation have not reached a group of people. These people would be reacting to their relative deprivation, by being critical of elites and of life in the city. And by Brexit and by voting for Trump, and by kicking in the ass those people who they think are responsible for their deprivation and marginalisation.
Prof.  Koskenniemi's lecture was announced earlier on this blog.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Law, Culture and Modern Vehicles, 1820-1960, 26-28 February 2019, University of Turku (EXTENDED DEADLINE: 7 January 2019)

The Conference “Law, Culture and Modern Vehicles, 1820-1960” has extended its CFP until 7 January 2019

CFP: Conference 

“Law, Culture and Modern Vehicles, 1820-1960”

26-28 February 2019,
Faculty of Law, University of Turku, Finland

The technological revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries gave impetus to the development of vehicles based on engines and steam. Steamboats and trains altered permanently global transport systems that until then had mostly relied on wind and animal power. Even if the velocipede required human pedalling power, it was also considered one of the technological wonders of modernity, the era of machines. As such, it heralded the coming of the automobile some decades later, while the following step was to conquer the heavens.

The technological advances in transport titillated the imagination of progressives and stimulated artists, but also inspired awe. The speed and noise of the new vehicles and the risks caused by the novel technology challenged the traditional legal systems. These could require introducing innovations into traditional fields of law. On the other hand, law could be linked to conservative ideologies and act as a factor of stability.

This conference explores many facets of vehicles, law and culture in the modernizing world. We invite twenty-minute papers on various aspects of these phenomena, e.g.:
•how modern vehicles were perceived as threats/inspiration by groups or individuals in society
•how modern vehicles influenced (legal) culture or (legal) culture vehicles
•how risks caused by machine-driven vehicles could be minimized
•who were the influential individuals behind the vehicles/norms
•how vehicles were represented in popular culture
•how vehicle-related risks and accidents were presented in popular culture or the media
•law as tool for progressive/conservative ideologies vis-à-vis the new transport technology.

Confirmed keynote lectures will be given by Doctor Tiina Männistö-Funk (Chalmers University of Technology) and Professor Miloš Vec (University of Vienna).

Proposal Submissions and Further Information:

For more information about the conference or to submit a proposal (about 200 words), please contact Professor Mia Korpiola (mia.korpiola[at], Faculty of Law, University of Turku). Participants are expected to cover their own travel expenses and lodging. The deadline for submitting paper proposals is 7 January 2019. Please feel free to share and circulate this CFP.

BOOK: : Sebastián TERRÁNEO, Osvaldo Rodolfo MOUTIN (eds.), IV Jornadas de Estudio del Derecho Canónico Indiano (Junín: De las tres lagunas, 2018)

(image source: IHDDC)

Table of contents:

La desamortización de bienes eclesiásticos en México. Hipótesis de estudio en torno a la defensa de la Iglesia y la justificación del estado para aplicar la ley. (ALEJANDRA JUKSDIVIA VÁZQUEZ MENDOZA)Temáticas eclesiales y religiosas en las actas de cabildos seculares de la frontera oriental del virreinato del río de la plata. (ALFREDO DE J. FLORES)La libertad como requisito canónico para la profesión religiosa en el tercer concilio provincial mexicano de 1585. (SANDRA CHICO)Reflexiones sobre la edición de la legislación eclesiástica de la arquidiócesis de santafé en el nuevo reino de granada. (JUAN FERNANDO COBO BETANCOURT)Aproximación a las facultades decenales otorgadas a los obispos indianos. (FERNANDO GONZÁLEZ)Significado y uso del asilo en sagrado en el derecho canónico indiano. (SANDRO OLAZA PALLERO)Influencia de canonistas italianos en el derecho público eclesiástico de Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield. (ANTONIO DOUGNAC RODRÍGUEZ)
More information at

LECTURE : Danna Agmon - Law in Theory, Law in Practice. Legal Orientalism and French Jesuit Knowledge Production in India (Leiden, 29 January 2019)

(Source: IIAS)

We learned of a public lecture by Professor Agmon at Leiden University’s International Institute for Asian Studies.

The Lecture

French missionaries in India studied local law, shared this work with legal scholars in the metropole, and fundamentally shaped eighteenth-century Orientalist discourses about Asian and global law.
Central to comparative legal scholarship of this period was a schematic account of Indian law written in 1714 by the Jesuit Jean-Venant Bouchet, a work that informed Montesquieu and Voltaire’s writings on comparative legal regimes. But how was Father Bouchet’s description of Indian law shaped by his lived experiences as a participant in legal disputes in India?

This paper considers this question through an analysis of Bouchet’s description of Indian law in light of his arrest in the town of Thakkolam in the Carnatic region, and resulting experiences in South Indian legal arenas. In doing so, this paper demonstrates how Catholic orientalist scholarship on law emerged from the daily practice of Jesuit conversion in the mission field.

Danna Agmon is a historian of French empire, specializing in the history of French India in the eighteenth century. Her book, titled A Colonial Affair: Commerce, Conversion, and Scandal in French India, is both a global history and a local history. A Colonial Affair, published in September 2017 by Cornell University Press, offers a comprehensive analysis of the competing French projects of trade and religion in the Indian Ocean at the turn of the eighteenth century. At the same time, it reveals how the life of one man – Nayiniyappa, the most senior Indian employee in the French colony of Pondicherry – was tragically upended by his enmeshment in the imperial project.

The Leiden Indian Ocean Lectures series is organised by the Leiden Centre for Indian Ocean Studies (Leiden University, KITLV/Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and IIAS).

Please let us know you are coming via the web form below.

All information, as well as the registration link, can be found here

20 December 2018

JOURNAL: La Révolution française – Cahiers de l’Institut d’histoire de la Révolution française XV (2018)

The newest issue of La Révolution française – Cahiers de l’Institut d’histoire de la Révolution française deals with the topic Régimes de la propriété, entre l'ancien et le nouveau.


The idea of this special issue is to broaden our thinking about property in the revolutionary era by drawing together a variety of approaches. When property is reorganised, its effects are felt in many arenas. Property connects the ideal and the physical, and in doing so it is a centre where we find layered law and institutions, social relationships, as well as economic and political ones. Changing the legal status of property leads to new interpersonal relations at the local level; at the same time, circuits of economic exchange in a city or region inflect the politics of property and may bear on its legal aspects. This issue will thus also examine these points of nexus and consider the organising role of property, which knits together ideals, practices, and tradition in unexpected ways. What is the role of property in creating a regime that is different from what came before, but also not exactly what was envisioned by the lawmakers and intellectuals who sought to bend property to their vision?

Hannah Callaway
Régimes de la propriété, entre l'ancien et le nouveau
Dossier d'articles
Anne Conchon
Politique routière et indemnisation des propriétaires riverains en France à la fin du xviiie siècle
Gabriele B. Clemens
Vieilles familles et propriété neuve – Spéculations sur les biens nationaux dans les départements rhénans
Rafe Blaufarb
A Reassessment of the Abolition of Feudalism, 1789-1793
Tyson Leuchter
Solidarity, Liability, and the New Regime of Corporate Property in Post-Revolutionary France
Frédéric Régent
Émigration et gestion des plantations pendant la liberté générale en Guadeloupe (1794-1802)
Thomas Bernon
La science des races : la Société Ethnologique de Paris et le tournant colonial (1839-1848)
Paolo Conte
Comment (et pourquoi) parler de Révolution sous le Consulat : la Correspondance politique et confidentielle inédite de Louis XVI, par Helen Maria Williams
Compte rendu de lecture
Pierre Serna
Michel Vovelle, le sens d'une vie
Position de thèse
Minchul Kim
« Démocratie » et « représentation » sous le Directoire, 1795–1799

More info here

BOOK: Christian DJEFFAL, Static and Evolutive Treaty Interpretation. A Funcational Reconstruction [Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law] (Cambridge: CUP, 2018), ISBN 9781107543645, 27,99 GBP

(image source: ManagementBooks)

How should international treaties be interpreted over time? This book offers fresh insights on this age-old question. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) sets out the rules for interpretation, stipulating that treaties should be interpreted inter alia according to the 'ordinary meaning' of the text. Evolutive interpretation has been considered since the times of Gentili and Grotius, but this is the first book to systematically address what evolutive interpretation looks like in reality. It sets out to address how and under what circumstances it can be said that the interpretation of a treaty evolves, and under what circumstances it remains static. With the VCLT as its point of departure, this study develops a functional reconstruction of the rules of treaty interpretation, and explores and analyses how the International Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights have approached the issue.
On the author:
Christian Djeffal received his Ph.D. from Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, where he worked as a research assistant. He is currently a law clerk at the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt. He has been a visiting scholar at the Amsterdam Center for International Law at the University of Amsterdam, the Lauterpacht Centre at the University of Cambridge, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Comparative Public and International Law.

Table of contents here.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

19 December 2018

BOOK: Kevin MANTON, Population Registers and Privacy in Britain, 1936-1984 (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018). ISBN 978-3-030-02752-0, € 59.49

(Source: Palgrave)

Palgrave is publishing a new book on population registers and the law in Britain during the period 1936-1984


This book examines the fraught political relationship between British governments, which wanted information about peoples’ lives, and the people who desired privacy. To do this it looks at something that Britain only experienced in wartime, a centralized and up-to-date list of everyone in the country: a population register. The abolition of this wartime system is contrasted with later attempts to reintroduce registration, and the change in the political mind-set driving these later schemes to develop centralised webs of so-called objective data is examined. These policies were confronted by privacy campaigns, studied here, but it is shown how government responses succeeded in turning political debates about data into technical discussions about computerization; thus protecting its data, largely on paper, from oversight. This reformulation also shaped the 1984 Data Protection Act, which consequently did not protect privacy but rather increased government’s ability to gain knowledge of, and hence power over, the people.


Kevin Manton teaches History and Politics at both the School of Oriental and African Studies and Birkbeck College, University of London, UK. He is the author of numerous articles on British history. 

More information here

BOOK: Ignacio DE LA RASILLA DEL MORAL and Ayesha SHAHID, eds., International Law and Islam (Leiden-New York: Brill | Nijhoff, 2018). ISBN 978-90-04-38837-6, €165.00

(Source: Brill)

Brill has published a book dealing with the role of Islam in the history of international law.


International Law and Islam: Historical Explorations offers a unique opportunity to examine the Islamic contribution to the development of international law in historical perspective. The role of Islam in its various intellectual, political and legal manifestations within the history of international law is part of the exciting intellectual renovation of international and global legal history in the dawn of the twenty-first century. The present volume is an invitation to engage with this thriving development after ‘generations of prejudiced writing’ regarding the notable contribution of Islam to international law and its history.


Ignacio de la Rasilla, Ph.D. (2011) Geneva, is Han Depei Chair Professor of International Law at Wuhan University, Institute of International Law. He has published extensively on international law and its history including In the Shadow of Vitoria (Brill-Nijhoff, 2017). Ayesha Shahid, Ph.D. (2008) University of Warwick, UK, is Senior Lecturer in Law at Coventry Law School, Coventry University. She has published extensively on Islamic Law and Human Rights and is the author ofSilent Voices, Untold Stories (OUP, 2010).


Ignacio de la Rasilla, Islam and the Global Turn in the History of International Law
Ignacio de la Rasilla, The Protean Historical Mirror of International Law
Michelle Burgis-Kasthala, How Should International Lawyers Study Islamic Law and Its Contribution to International Law?
Ayesha Shahid, An Exploration of the ‘Global’ History of International Law: Some Perspectives from within the Islamic Legal Traditions
John D. Haskell, Subjectivity and Structures: The Challenges of Methodology in the Study of the History of International Law and Religion
Robert Kolb, The Basis of Obligation in Treaties of Ancient Cultures – Pactum Est Servandum?
Jean Allain, Khadduri as Gatekeeper of the Islamic Law of Nations?
Ignacio Forcada Barona, In Search of the Lost Influence: Islamic Thinkers and the Spanish Origins of International Law
Pierre-Alexandre Cardinal & Frédéric Mégret, The Other ‘Other’: Moors, International Law and the Origin of the Colonial Matrix
Luigi Nuzzo, Law, Religion and Power: Texts and Discourse of Conquest
Ilias Bantekas, Land Rights in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman State Succession Treaties
Haniff Ahamat & Nizamuddin Alias, The Evolution of the Personality of the Malay Sultanate States
Matthias Vanhullebusch, On the Abodes of War and Peace in the Islamic Law of War: Fact or Fiction?
Mohamed Badar, Ahmed Al-Dawoody & Noelle Higgins, The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law of Rebellion: Its Significance to the Current International Humanitarian Law Discourse

More information here

18 December 2018

PRIZE: John Philipp REID PRIZE to Amalia D. KESSLER, Inventing American Exceptionalism. The Origins of American Adversarial Legal Culture, 1800-1877 (New Haven (Conn.): Yale UP, 2018)

(image source: Legal History Blog)

The ASLH attributed its Reid Prize at its latest annual meeting.

Praise for the winner:
Americans have long supposed that the adversarial trial, dominated by lawyers, was always at the heart of our legal system. Amalia Kessler’s deeply thoughtful Inventing American Exceptionalism: The Origins of American Adversarial Legal Culture, 1800-1877 (Yale University Press, 2017) persuasively challenges this supposition. Kessler shows how mid-nineteenth century debates over market regulation, the role of the legal profession, religion, and Reconstruction helped elevate adversarialism over more judge-centered quasi-inquisitorial alternatives. Beautifully written and deeply original in conceptualization, this wonderful monograph reframes and expands the history of legal procedure by situating it in a wide array of contexts that previous accounts had not connected together.
More information with the publisher.

(source: Legal History Blog)

BOOK: Griet VERMEESCH, Manon VAN DER HEIJDEN, and Jaco ZUIJERDUIJN, eds., The Uses of Justice in Global Perspective, 1600-1900 (London: Routledge, 2019). ISBN 9781138476790, £29.99

(Source: Routledge)

Next month, Routledge is publishing a new book on uses of justice in a global perspective during the period 1600-1900.


The Uses of Justice in Global Perspective, 1600–1900 presents a new perspective on the uses of justice between 1600 and 1900 and confronts prevailing Eurocentric historiography in its examination of how people of this period made use of the law.

Between 1600 and 1900 the towns in Western Europe, the Kingdoms in Eastern Europe, the Empires in Asia and the Colonial States in Asia and the Americas were all characterized by a plurality of legal orders resulting from interactions and negotiations between states, institutions, and people with different backgrounds. Through exploring how justice is used within these different areas of the world, this book offers a broad global perspective, but it also adopts a fresh approach through shifting attention away from states and onto how ordinary people lived with and made use of this ‘legal pluralism’.

Containing a wealth of extensively contextualised case studies and contributing to debates on socio-legal history, processes of state formation from below, access to justice, and legal pluralism, The Uses of Justice in Global Perspective, 1600–1900 questions to what degree top-down imposed formal institutions were used and how, and to what degree, bottom-up crafted legal systems were crucial in allowing transactions to happen. It is ideal for students and scholars of early modern justice, crime and legal history.


Manon van der Heijden is Professor of Urban History at Leiden University and a member of the Academia Europaea. She recently published Women and Crime in Early Modern Holland (2016).

Jaco Zuijderduijn is Associate Professor at the Department of Economic History at Lund University, Sweden. His main research interest is the development of economic exchange and conflict resolution. He previously published Medieval Capital Markets: Markets for Renten, State Formation and Private Investment in Holland (1300–1550).

Griet Vermeesch is a fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels, in Belgium. Her research relates to urban history and to access to justice in the Low Countries during the early modern period.


1 Introduction
Manon van der Heijden and Griet Vermeesch
2 The Sinitic Justice System, Past and Present – in a Global Perspective
Philip C. C. Huang
3 Threads of the legal web. Dutch law and everyday colonialism in eighteenth-century Asia
Alicia Schrikker and Dries Lyna
4 Facing the Law in Eighteenth-century Galle
Nadeera Rupesinghe
5 Legal pluralism in the cities of the early modern Kingdom of Poland: the jurisdictional conflicts and uses of justice by Armenian merchants
Alexandr Osipian
6 The Use and Abuse of Legal Services in Nineteenth-century Russia
Elizaveta Blagodeteleva
7 Skipping Court: Civil Disputes in Sixteenth-Century Rouen
Katherine Godwin
8 In hope of agreement. Norm and practice in the use of institutes for dispute settlement in late seventeenth-century Leiden
Aries van Meeteren and Griet Vermeesch
9 Justice and the confines of the law in Early Modern Spain
Tomás Mantecón
10 Lo extrajudicial: Between Court and Community in the Spanish Empire
Bianca Premo
11 Legal pluralism, hybridization and the uses of everyday criminal law in Quebec, 1760-1867
Donald Fyson

More information here

17 December 2018

PRIZE: Peter Gonvill STEIN AWARD to Fahad A. BISHARA, A Sea of Debt: Law and Economic Life in the Western Indian Ocean, 1780-1950 (Cambridge: CUP, 2017)

The ASHL attributed the Peter Gonveil Stein Award 2018 at its latest annual meeting.

Praise for the winner:
Fahad A. Bishara’s Sea of Debt is an ambitious and imaginatively conceived study that shows how law was a crucial force in tying together actors across the western Indian Ocean. Bishara follows Islamic law and its paperwork as they circulated between the Arabian Peninsula and East Africa. We learn how merchants from South Asia engaged with Islamic legal norms and institutions, and how all of this shifted as the British imperial presence intensified from the 1860s. Sea of Debt’s use of Arabic sources is particularly impressive, and sets the book apart from much work on the British imperial world. Illuminating the intersection of law and capitalism from Muscat to Mombasa (with a special focus on Zanzibar), Sea of Debt reveals how local actors—including is, jurists, traders, moneylenders, clerks, lawyers, and judges—shaped transoceanic commercial practices across the trade in dates, cloves, ivory and slaves through legal norms and networks.
A Sea of Debt can be found on the CUP website.

An honourable mention was conferred upon Tom Lambert, Law and Order in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2017). More on the book here.

(source: Legal History Blog)

BOOK: Ferenc HORCHER and Thomas LORMAN, A History of the Hungarian Constitution [International Library of Historical Studies] (London: I.B. Tauris, 2018). ISBN 9781788312639, € 94,32

(Source: Wikipedia)

I.B. Tauris is publishing a book on the constitutional history of Hungary.


The new Hungarian Basic Law, which was ratified on 1 January 2012, provoked domestic and international controversy. Of particular concern was the constitutional text's explicit claim that it was situated within a reinvigorated Hungarian legal tradition that had allegedly developed over centuries before its violent interruption during World War II, by German invaders, and later, by Soviet occupation.

To explore the context and validity of this claim, and the legal traditions which have informed the stormy centuries of Hungary's constitutional development, this book brings together a group of leading historians, political scientists and legal scholars to produce a comprehensive history of Hungarian constitutional thought. Ranging in scope from an overview of Hungarian medieval jurisprudence to an assessment of the various criticisms levelled at the new Hungarian Basis Law of 2012, contributors assess the constitutions, their impacts and their legacies, as well as the social and cultural contexts within which they were drafted. The historical analysis is accompanied by a selection of original source materials, many translated here for the first time. This is the only book in English on the subject and is essential reading for all those interested in Hungary's history, political culture and constitution.


Ferenc Hoercher is Director of the Institute of Philosophy at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Professor of Aesthetics at the Pazmany Peter Catholic University in Hungary. He has published widely on philosophy, intellectual history, poetry, legal theory and politics and is a also member of the editorial board of Hungarian Review.

Thomas Lorman is a teaching fellow at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES), University College London (UCL). He is the author of Counter-Revolutionary Hungary 1920-1925 (2006) and The Path to Fascism in Slovakia (I.B.Tauris, 2018). He has also published extensively in peer-reviewed journals and is an editor of the journal Central Europe.


1 Introduction
Philip Barker - Thomas Lorman
2 Law and the Ancient Constitution in Medieval and Early Modern Hungary
Martyn Rady
3 The Birth of the Constitution in Eighteenth-Century Hungarian Political Thought
Istvan M. Szijarto
4 Resurrecting the Past, Reshaping the Future: The Rise of the `Ancient Constitution' at the Diet of 1790/91
Philip Barker
5 Reforming or Replacing the Historical Constitution: Lajos Kossuth and the April Laws of 1848
Ferenc Hoercher
6 Reform Fever and Disillusionment: Constitutional Codification Fiascos of the Hungarian Liberals after the Settlement of 1867
Andras Cieger
7 The Use and Abuse of Flexibility: Hungary's Historical Constitution, 1867-1919
Thomas Lorman
8 Law I of 1920 and the Historical Constitution
Istvan Szabo
9 Law I of 1946 and Law XX of 1949: Continuity or Discontinuity in Traditional Hungarian Constitutionalism?
Balazs Fekete
10 Is a Revival Possible? Theoretical Reflections on the Historical Constitution
Kalman Pocza
11 Epilogue: On the Future(s) of the Historical Constitution
Ferenc Hoercher - Kalman Pocza
Appendix: Primary Sources on Hungarian Constitutional History
1 The Golden Bull of 1222
2 The Rakos Declaration (1505)
3 Extracts from Stephen Werb?czy's Tripartitum (1517)
4 The Laws of 1687
5 The Laws of 1790/91
6 Robert Townson's Translation of Law XXVI of 1790/91
7 The `April Laws' of 1848
8 Law XII of 1867
9 The Declaration of the First Hungarian Republic (November 1918)
10 The Preamble to the Constitution of the Hungarian Socialist Federal Republic of Councils (1919)
11 The Preamble to Law I of 1920
12 The Preamble to Law I of 1946
13 The Constitution of the Hungarian People's Republic (1949)
14 The Fundamental Law of Hungary - National Avowal (2011)

More information here

14 December 2018

YOUTUBE: Conference "Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858): diplomate, magistrat et législateur" (Paris: Court of Cassation/Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas/Université Clermont-Auvergne/VUB, 13 DEC 2018)

The French Court of Cassation published the conference on Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858), who was its president for 23 years (1829-1852) on Youtube. See videos above.

See earlier on this blog for the programme.

BOOK: Balázs TRENCSÉNY, Michal KOPECEK, Luka LISJAK GABRIJELCIC, Maria FALINA, Monika BAÁR & Maiej JANOWSKI (eds.), A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe (Oxford: OUP, 2018), 480 p. SIBN 9780198737155, 75 GBP

(image source: OUP)

Book abstract:
A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe is a synthetic work, authored by an international team of researchers, covering twenty national cultures and 250 years. It goes beyond the conventional nation-centered narratives and presents a novel vision especially sensitive to the cross-cultural entanglement of political ideas and discourses. Its principal aim is to make these cultures available for the global 'market of ideas' and revisit some of the basic assumptions about the history of modern political thought, and modernity as such.
The present volume is a sequel to Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'. It begins with the end of the Great War, depicting the colorful intellectual landscape of the interwar period and the increasing political and ideological radicalization culminating in the Second World War. Taking the war experience both as a breaking point but in many ways also a transmitter of previous intellectual traditions, it maps the intellectual paradigms and debates of the immediate postwar years, marked by a negotiation between the democratic and communist agendas, as well as the subsequent processes of political and cultural Stalinization. Subsequently, the post-Stalinist period is analyzed with a special focus on the various attempts of de-Stalinization and the rise of revisionist Marxism and other critical projects culminating in the carnivalesque but also extremely dramatic year of 1968. This volume is followed by Volume II: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Short Twentieth Century' and Beyond, Part II: 1968-2018.
On the contributors:
Balázs Trencsényi, Professor in the Department of History, Central European University Budapest, Michal Kopeček, Head of the Ideas and Concepts Department, Institute of Contemporary History, Prague, Luka Lisjak Gabrijelčič, PhD candidate in the Program in Comparative History of Central, Southeastern, and Eastern Europe, Central European University, Budapest, Maria Falina, Lecturer in European History, Dublin City University, Mónika Baár, Professor of Central European Studies, University of Leiden, and Maciej Janowski, Head of Section at the Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences,

Warsaw Balázs Trencsényi is Professor in the Department of History, Central European University Budapest. His research focuses on the comparative history of political thought in East Central Europe and the history of historiography. He is Co-Director of Pasts, Inc., Center for Historical Studies at CEU and Editor of the periodical East Central Europe (Brill). His publications include A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century' (with Maciej Janowski, Monika Baar, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopeček, OUP, 2016), The Politics of 'National Character': A Study in Interwar East European Thought (Routledge, 2012), Whose Love of Which Country?: Composite States, National Histories and Patriotic Discourses in Early Modern East Central Europe (Brill, 2010), and Hungary and Romania beyond National Narratives: Comparisons and Entanglements (Peter Lang, 2013).

Michal Kopeček is Head of the Ideas and Concepts Department at the Institute of Contemporary History in Prague, and Co-Director of Imre Kertész Kolleg, Friedrich Schiller University in Jena. His publications include A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century' (with Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Monika Baar, Maria Falina, OUP, 2016), and Quest for the Revolution's Lost Meaning: Origins of the Marxist Revisionism in Central Europe, 1953-1960 (forthcoming Brill, 2018).

Luka Lisjak Gabrijelčič is a PhD candidate at the program in Comparative History of Central, Southeastern and Eastern Europe at the Central European University, Budapest. His main fields of interest include intellectual history, nationalism, and history of political thought, with a focus on European peripheries and semi-peripheries. He co-authored a volume on modern radical ideologies ( Utopije demokracije, ZNK Masovna, 2005), and edited a volume on humanism in contemporary social and political thought ( Blodnjaki smisla: misliti humanizem danes, DHG, 2007). He is the editor of the Slovenian quarterly journal Razpotja.

Maria Falina is Lecturer in Modern European History at Dublin City University. Her main fields of interest are intellectual history, nationalism, and history of religion and politics. Her publications include A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century' (with Balázs Trencsényi, Michal Kopeček, Maciej Janowski, and Monika Baar, OUP, 2016), and articles such as 'Between >"Clerical Fascism>" and Political Orthodoxy: Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Interwar Serbia' in Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions, (2007) 8/2: 247-258, and 'Religion Visible and Invisible: The Case of Post-Yugoslav Anti-War Films', in C. Schmitt and L. Berezhnaya, eds. Iconic Turn(s): Religion and Nation in East European Films after 1989 (Brill, 2013).

Mónika Baár is Professor of Central European Studies at the University of Leiden. Her research focuses on modern historiography, cultural history and political thought, with special attention to the problem of marginality. Her publications include A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century' (with Balázs Trencsényi, Michal Kopeček, Maciej Janowski, and Maria Falina, OUP, 2016), and Historians and the Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century (OUP, 2010). She is Associate Editor of Nationalities Papers.

Maciej Janowski is Head of Section at the Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw and Visiting Professor at the Central European University, Budapest. His main fields of interest are social and intellectual history of Central Europe and the history of liberalism. He is editor of the periodical East Central Europe (Brill) and Deputy Editor of Kwartalnik Historyczny. His publications include A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century' (with Balázs Trencsényi, Michal Kopeček, Mónika Baár, and Maria Falina, OUP, 2016), and Polish Liberal Thought before 1918 (CEU Press, 2004).
 More information at OUP.

13 December 2018

INTERVIEW: Prof. dr. Philipp SCHEIBELREITER, "Von antiken Rechtsquellen lernen" (Vienna: Universität Wien, 9 NOV 2018)

(image source: Universität Wien)

At the occasion of his nomination as Professor of Ancient Legal History and Roman Law, the University of Vienna published an interview with our colleague Philipp Scheibelreiter.

Können wir aus der Geschichte lernen? Natürlich, sagt Philipp Scheibelreiter, seit März Professor für Antike Rechtsgeschichte und Römisches Recht an der Universität Wien. Zeitlose, dogmatische Argumente und unterschiedliche juristische Lösungsansätze stehen bei seiner Forschung im Mittelpunkt.
Aus der Vergangenheit lernen nicht nur HistorikerInnen, sondern auch JuristInnen. Zumindest, wenn sie sich wie Philipp Scheibelreiter mit der Antiken Rechtsgeschichte und dem Römischen Recht beschäftigen. Für den gebürtigen Wiener, der seit März 2018 Professor an der Rechtswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Uni Wien ist, steht dabei das Zeitlose seines Faches im Vordergrund: "Wir können von der funktionierenden und lebendigen Rechtswissenschaft der römischen Antike viel lernen. Natürlich existierte damals noch keine Rechtsordnung, wie wir sie heutzutage kennen, aber mich interessieren die zeitlosen, dogmatischen Argumentationslinien der römischen Juristen: Wie kamen sie zu einer Entscheidungsfindung? Welche Argumente gebrauchten sie zur Problemlösung und warum?"

Read further here.

BOOK: Shavana MUSA, Victim Reparation under the Ius Post Bellum : An Historical and Normative Perspective [Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108471732, £ 85.00

Cambridge University Press is publishing a book on victim reparations under the ius post bellum.


Victim Reparation under the Ius Post Bellum fills an enormous gap in international legal scholarship. It questions the paradigmatic shift of rights to reparation towards a morality-based theory of international law. At a time when international law has a tendency to take a purely positivistic and international approach, Shavana Musa questions whether an embrace of an evaluative approach alongside the politics of war and peace is more practical and effective for war victims. Musa provides a never-before-conducted contextual insight into how the issue has been handled historically, analysing case studies from major wars from the seventeenth century to the modern day. She uses as-yet untouched archival documentation from these periods, which uncovers unique data and information on international peacemaking, and actually demonstrates more effective practices of reparation provisions compared with today. This book combines historical analysis with modern day developments to provide normative assertions for a future reparation system.


Shavana MusaUniversity of Manchester
Shavana Musa is a Lecturer in international law, security and human rights at the University of Manchester, and a Fulbright Scholar in Cyber Security at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington DC. She is also Founder and CEO of Ontogeny Global, a revolutionary risk management firm. She has conducted projects on human rights within the international investment regime, child labour, as well as the complexities surrounding law and technology.


1. Introduction
2. Peace treaties and Admiralty Courts
3. The Anglo-Dutch wars
4. The Silesian loan affair and the Seven Years War
5. The American War of Independence
6. The Anglo-Argentine Commission
7. The American Civil War
8. The Second Anglo-Boer War
9. Reparation and international law from the twentieth century
10. A peaceful and normative conclusion?
List of cases
List of treaties, Legislation and other legal instruments

More information here

AJIL SYMPOSIUM: Anthony CARTY replies to B.S. CHIMNI, "Customary International Law: A Third World Perspective" (AJIL CXII (2018), 319-323)

(image source: Cambridge Core)

B.S. Chimni's study of customary international law (CIL) is a review of its role both as a supporter of the existing global capitalist order and as a potential instrument to challenge that order in favor of a postmodern deliberative reasoning as the shaper of a new CIL. It has been my view, since the The Decay of International Law? in 1986, that general customary international law is not an intelligible concept and not actually used in practice to demonstrate empirically the existence of any rule of law. I follow Hans Morgenthau, who wrote in 1940 in the American Journal of International Law that the manner in which the International Court of Justice (ICJ) uses this concept is to decide what it likes and call it customary law. I reiterated this view in my review of the ICJ in the first edition of my Philosophy of International Law in 2007. While Chimni quotes my writings on general custom frequently and very positively in his article, this is always to support a progressive customary law and never to do what I would propose, which is to make a complete break with CIL in favor of an independent approach to the problems it is supposed to answer.

Read the whole response for free on Cambridge Core.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

CALL FOR PAPERS:Spaces of Roman Constitutionalism (Helsinki: University of Helsinki, 26-28 SEP 2018)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

From the fora to the assemblies and beyond, public space in ancient Rome was both political and contested, reflecting changing notions of community, citizenship and the values and norms behind them. The purpose of this conference is to explore the political, cultural and legal notions of public space and public realm in Rome. By observing the place of magistrates in the public spaces of Rome and more generally in the ideas behind Republican governance, it seeks to question and unpack the notions that have been built into the concept of Roman republican governance. On one hand we have the notion of Republicanism and public law, which has a rich history of modernizing interpretations and reuses in European history. On the other, there is the equally rich tradition of rituals, ceremonies, religious convictions and beliefs that surround the practices of governance. By examining the spacial aspect, how these were situated and interlinked and how public and private spaces and roles intermingled, we are hoping to shed new light into cultural and social dimension of Roman republicanism and its transformation from the Republic to the Principate. By setting ideas into their dynamic spatial, social and cultural contexts, we hope to subvert the traditional story of Roman constitutionalism.

The organizers invite paper proposals for a number of central themes relating to the topic. The themes are:
- magistrates, assemblies and the transformation of the political spaces -
 spaces of administration and memory
- religious institutions, collegia and the intermingling between the civic and religious spheres
- invisible borders and divisions in the public sphere
- the Republican domus, its connections with and role as a model of administrative space
- spaces of exclusion and intersectionality
- comparative studies on public space in the ancient world -
 the reception of the Roman republicanist thought and practice

The abstract should be max. 400 words long and be accompanied by a short 1 page CV.

Confirmed keynote speakers: Harriet Flower (Princeton), Karl-Joachim Hölkeskamp (Köln), Catherine Steel (Glasgow), Clifford Ando (Chicago)

The conference is organized by the research project Law, Governance and Space: Questioning the Foundations of the Republican Tradition (SpaceLaw), funded by the European Research Council.

There is no conference fee. The organizers are unfortunately unable to aid in either travel arrangements or the cost of travel. The deadline for abstracts is January 25th, 2019. The proposals should be sent to

(source: Legal History Blog)

12 December 2018

BOOK: Frédéric AUDREN & Ségolène BARBOU DES PLACES (dir)., Qu'est-ce qu'une discipline juridique ? Fondations et recompositions des disciplines dans les facultés de droit [Contextes - Culture du droit, ed. Anne-Sophie CHAMBOST] (Paris: Lextenso/LGDJ, 2018), 390 p. ISBN 978-2-275-04672-3, € 44

(image source: LGDJ)

Book abstract:
Comment les savoirs juridiques se constituent-ils en « disciplines » ? Quel rapport existe-t-il entre discipline,matière et branche du droit ? Quelles relations se nouent entre les divisions du droit, les catégories doctrinales, les exigences pédagogiques ou encore les divisions institutionnelles universitaires ? Comment distinguer entre la discipline juridique et les autres disciplines des sciences sociales ? Cet ouvrage, qui réunit les contributions de juristes, historiens, politistes et sociologues, est la première enquête d'ampleur sur la notion de discipline et son rôle dans les facultés de droit françaises. Les contributions présentées aident à comprendre les rapports qui se nouent entre le fond du droit positif, les savoirs juridiques, la communauté académique et les éléments institutionnels environnants. Elles éclairent, par conséquent, les mutations du paysage disciplinaire juridique contemporain et sa remise en cause sous l'effet de la montée de l'interdisciplinarité et de la « recherche par projet ».
On editor and contributors:
Sous la direction de Frédéric Audren et Ségolène Barbou des Places, avec les contributions de Pascal Ancel, Julie Bailleux, Loïc Cadiet, Véronique Champeil-Desplats, Jean-Pascal Chazal, Jacques Chevallier, Jean-Louis Fabiani, Catherine Fillon, Benoit Frydman, Pascale Gonod, Nader Hakim, Jean-Louis Halpérin, Daniel Jutras, Danièle Lochak, Rémy Libchaber, Laurent Mucchielli, Horatia Muir Watt, Emmanuelle Picard, Sébastien Pimont, Guillaume Richard, Ruth Sefton-Green, Denys Simon et Patrick Wachsmann. 
More information with the publisher.

BOOK: Khaled R. BASHIR, Islamic International Law : Historical Foundations and Al-Shaybani’s Siyar (London: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018). ISBN 9781788113854, £90.00

Edward Elgar Publishing has published a new book on Mohammad Al-Shaybnai’s contribution to Siyar (Islamic International Law).


Through the analysis of Al-Shaybani’s most prolific work As-Siyar Al Kabier, this book offers a unique insight into the classic Islamic perspective on international law. Despite being recognised as one of the earliest contributors to the field of international law, there has been little written, in English, on Al-Shaybani’s work. This book will go some way towards filling the lacuna.

Islamic International Law examines Al-Shaybani’s work alongside that of other leading scholars such as Augustine, Gratian, Aquinas, Vitoria and Grotius, proving a full picture of early thinking on international law. Individual chapters provide discussion on Al-Shaybani’s writing in relation to war, peace, the consequences of war and diplomatic missions. Khaled Ramadan Bashir uses contemporary international law vocabulary to enable the reader to consider Al-Shaybani’s writing in a modern context.

This book will be a useful and unique resource for scholars in the field of Islamic International law, bringing together and translating a number of historical sources to form one accessible and coherent text. Scholars researching the historical and jurisprudential origins of public international law topics, such as international humanitarian law, just war, international dispute resolution, asylum and diplomacy will also find the book to be an interesting and valuable text.


Khaled Ramadan Bashir, The University of Aberdeen, UK


Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Reading Historical Sources 3. The Law of War 4. Rules on the Consequences of War 5. The Law of Peace 6. Conclusion Bibliography Index

More information here

SSRN PAPER: Coel KIRKBY, Law Evolves: The Uses of Primitive Law in Anglo-American Concepts of Modern Law, 1861-1961 (AJLH 2018, forthcoming)

(image source: Legal History Blog)

This study traces how Anglo-American legal thinkers used primitive law to develop their concepts of modern law in the century from Austin to Hart. It first examines how Maine developed his historical jurisprudence as a form of social evolutionary analysis of law. Next, it traces the development of legal anthropology as a distinct discipline combining the scientific method of participant observation with the legal method of the case study. Finally, it looks at how Hart uses primitive law to make his famous argument that law was ‘the union of primary and secondary rules’. In each case, legal thinkers develop their concepts of modern law through a foundational contrast with primitive law. This is a striking feature of much Anglo-American jurisprudence that cuts across the borders of the positivist, natural, historical, realist, and other schools of jurisprudence. Appreciating these new uses of primitive law is a first step in excavating an intellectual history of legal thought grounded in the context of colonial knowledge.
Read the paper here.
(source: Legal History Blog)

11 December 2018

CONFERENCE: Hommage à René Cassin "1948-2018 - 70e anniversaire de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme" (Paris: Quai d'Orsay, 11-2 DEC 2018)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Conference abstract:
À l’occasion du 70e anniversaire de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme et du cinquantième anniversaire de l’attribution du prix Nobel de la paix à René Cassin, ces journées d’études proposent de revenir sur l’émergence des droits de l’homme dans les relations internationales et sur leur place dans le monde contemporain. Que ce soit à l’issue des deux conflits mondiaux, avec l’adoption historique de la résolution 217 A III de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies le 10 décembre 1948, pendant la décolonisation ou à la fin de la guerre froide, le progrès des droits de l’homme est en jeu. La Conférence mondiale sur les droits de l’homme réunie à Vienne du 14 au 25 juin 1993 réaffirme avec force l’universalité et l’indivisibilité des droits de l’homme qui constituent désormais, avec la paix et le développement, l’un des trois piliers des Nations Unies. Cette inscription des droits de l’homme dans un temps long, associant diplomates, historiens et juristes, sera abordée au cours de ce colloque en s’appuyant notamment sur la présentation de sources et d’archives méconnues ou récemment ouvertes sur le sujet.
Conference programme here.
More information here.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)