30 April 2018

BOOK: Chantal STEBBINGS, Tax, Medicines and the Law : From Quackery to Pharmacy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781107025455, £ 85.00

Cambridge University Press has recently published a new book on the interaction between tax law and medicine history


In 1783, a stamp duty was imposed on proprietary or 'quack' medicines. These largely useless but often dangerous remedies were immensely popular. The tax, which lasted until 1941, was imposed to raise revenue. It failed in its incidental regulatory purpose, had a negative effect in that the stamp was perceived as a guarantee of quality, and had a positive effect in encouraging disclosure of the formula. The book explains the considerable impact the tax had on chemists and druggists - how it led to an improvement in professional status, but undermined it by reinforcing their reputations as traders. The legislation imposing the tax was complex, ambiguous and never reformed. The tax authorities had to administer it, and executive practice came to dominate it. A minor, specialised, low-yield tax is shown to be of real significance in the pharmaceutical context, and of exceptional importance as a model revealing the wider impact of tax law and administration.


Chantal Stebbings, University of Exeter
Chantal Stebbings is Professor of Law and Legal History at the University of Exeter. In the past she has served as Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Exeter, Visiting Professor at the University of Rennes, France and a Fellow of the Institute of Taxation. She has also held a British Academy Research Readership and a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship. She was generously supported by the Wellcome Trust for this book, which is her fourth monograph for Cambridge University Press. She is the Editor of the Journal of Legal History and the Chair of the Hamlyn Trust.


1. Proprietary medicines and the fiscal state
2. The medicine stamp duty and the authority of law
3. The tax and the profession of pharmacy
4. The tax and the integrity of medicines
5. The demise of the tax

More information on the publisher’s website

BOOK: Samantha WILLIAMS, Unmarried Motherhood in the Metropolis, 1700-1850: Pregnancy, the Poor Law and Provision (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), ISBN 9783319733203, $99.99

Palgrave MacMillan just published a book on unmarried motherhood and poor laws in London during the period 1700-1850.


In this book Samantha Williams examines illegitimacy, unmarried parenthood and the old and new poor laws in a period of rising illegitimacy and poor relief expenditure. In doing so, she explores the experience of being an unmarried mother from courtship and conception, through the discovery of pregnancy, and the birth of the child in lodgings or one of the new parish workhouses. Although fathers were generally held to be financially responsible for their illegitimate children, the recovery of these costs was particularly low in London, leaving the parish ratepayers to meet the cost. Unmarried parenthood was associated with shame and men and women could also be subject to punishment, although this was generally infrequent in the capital. Illegitimacy and the poor law were interdependent and this book charts the experience of unmarried motherhood and the making of metropolitan bastardy.


Samantha Williams is Senior Lecturer in Local and Regional History at the University of Cambridge, UK. She has published widely on the history of poverty and the poor law, including Poverty, Gender and Life-Cycle under the English Poor Law, 1760-1834 (2011) and Illegitimacy in Britain, 1700-1920 (2005) which she co-edited with Alysa Levene and Thomas Nutt.


Introduction: Illegitimacy in London; Pages 1-43
Shame; Pages 45-77
Pregnant and Birthing Bodies; Pages 79-109
The Workhouse; Pages 111-164
Maintenance; Pages 165-205
Punishment; Pages 207-230

More information on the publisher’s website

28 April 2018

BOOK: Aparna BALACHANDRAN, Rashmi PANT, and Bhavani RAMAN, eds., Iterations of Law : Legal Histories from India (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780199477791, $50.00

Oxford University Press has recently published a new book containing several essays on diverse aspects of Indian legal history.


This volume reflects a recent transformation of the concerns of social scientists regarding the legal history of South Asia. While, earlier, historians looked at the results rather than the performance of law, the concerns later shifted to unravelling the socioeconomic and political contexts that shaped law-making and its practice. Iterations of Law advances these new perspectives on legal history from South Asia. Going beyond an area studies rubric to critically engage with recent work in colonial and transnational legal history, the essays in this volume utilize both archival and everyday records to interrogate the relationship between the discipline of history and the institution of law.

The contributors to this volume include both young and established scholars who address the enacted and performative aspects of law that illuminate how rights are inscribed into a hierarchical order, a process that is often elided and fragmented by jurisdictional contexts. Their essays focus on complex moments in the life of the law when rights or claims simultaneously inaugurate a new economy of power and authority. Through these chapters, it becomes possible to interrogate the framing of legal regimes 'from below' and treat the law as a process that entails constant exchange, conflict, and adjustment between the rulers and the governed.


Aparna Balachandran teaches at the Department of History, University of Delhi, India. She has contributed to journals on religious identity and history of communities as well as on colonial law.

Rashmi Pant is Fellow at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, and teaches at the Indraprastha College for Women, University of Delhi, India. She has contributed articles to journals on the history of caste formation in colonial India.

Bhavani Raman teaches at the Department of History, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. She is the author of Document Raj: Writing and Scribes in Early Colonial South India (2012).


Introduction Iterations of Law: Legal History from India - Aparna Balachandran, Rashmi Pant, and Bhavani Raman
1. The Life of Law in Modern India: A Present History of the Matha Court - Janaki Nair
2. Speaking in Multiple Registers: Property and the Narrative of Care - Rashmi Pant
3. Violence and the Languages of Law - Neeladri Bhattacharya
4. Law in Times of Counterinsurgency - Bhavani Raman
5. Petition Town: Law, Custom, and Urban Space in Early Colonial South India - Aparna Balachandran
6. 'To Mount or Not to Mount?' Court Records and Law-Making in Early Modern Rajasthan - Nandita Sahai
7. Power, Petitions, and the 'Povo' in Early English Bombay- Philip Stern
8. Of Truth and Taxes: A Material History of Early Stamp't Paper- Shrimoyee Ghosh
9. Public Finance and Personal Law in Late-Colonial India- Eleanor Newbigin
Notes on Editors and Contributors

More information on the publisher’s website

BOOK: Joshua M. WHITE, Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017), ISBN 9781503602526, $65.00

Stanford University Press has recently published a new book on Mediterranean piracy and its legal implications from an Ottoman perspective.


The 1570s marked the beginning of an age of pervasive piracy in the Mediterranean that persisted into the eighteenth century. Nowhere was more inviting to pirates than the Ottoman-dominated eastern Mediterranean. In this bustling maritime ecosystem, weak imperial defenses and permissive politics made piracy possible, while robust trade made it profitable. By 1700, the limits of the Ottoman Mediterranean were defined not by Ottoman territorial sovereignty or naval supremacy, but by the reach of imperial law, which had been indelibly shaped by the challenge of piracy.

Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean is the first book to examine Mediterranean piracy from the Ottoman perspective, focusing on the administrators and diplomats, jurists and victims who had to contend most with maritime violence. Pirates churned up a sea of paper in their wake: letters, petitions, court documents, legal opinions, ambassadorial reports, travel accounts, captivity narratives, and vast numbers of decrees attest to their impact on lives and livelihoods. Joshua M. White plumbs the depths of these uncharted, frequently uncatalogued waters, revealing how piracy shaped both the Ottoman legal space and the contours of the Mediterranean world.


Joshua M. White is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Virginia.


1 Ottoman Pirates, Ottoman Victims
2 The Kadi of Malta
3 Piracy and Treaty Law
4 Diplomatic Divergence
5 Piracy in Ottoman Islamic Jurisprudence
6 Piracy in the Courts

For more information, see the publisher’s website

27 April 2018

BOOK: Robert W. GORDON, Taming the Past : Essays on Law in History and History in Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781316644003, £ 24.99

Cambridge University Press recently published a new book on the usage of historical arguments by lawyers.


Lawyers and judges often make arguments based on history - on the authority of precedent and original constitutional understandings. They argue both to preserve the inspirational, heroic past and to discard its darker pieces - such as feudalism and slavery, the tyranny of princes and priests, and the subordination of women. In doing so, lawyers tame the unruly, ugly, embarrassing elements of the past, smoothing them into reassuring tales of progress. In a series of essays and lectures written over forty years, Robert W. Gordon describes and analyses how lawyers approach the past and the strategies they use to recruit history for present use while erasing or keeping at bay its threatening or inconvenient aspects. Together, the corpus of work featured in Taming the Past offers an analysis of American law and society and its leading historians since 1900.


Robert W. Gordon, Stanford University, California
Robert W. Gordon is a Professor of Law at Stanford University, California. He was President of the American Society for Legal History in 2000, has served on several bar association committees and task forces devoted to reform of the profession, and has previously taught at the University of Wisconsin, Yale University, Connecticut, Harvard University Massachusetts and the University of Oxford.


Part I. The Common Law Tradition in Legal Historiography:
1. The common law tradition in American legal historiography
2. Holmes' common law as legal and social science
Part II. Legal Historians:
3. James Willard Hurst, against the common law tradition - social-legal history's pioneer
4. Hurst recaptured
5. Morton Horwitz and his critics: a conflict of narratives
6. The elusive transformation
7. Method and politics: Horwitz on lawyers' uses of history
8. E. P. Thompson's legacies
9. Owen Fiss, the constitution of liberal order at the 'Troubled Beginnings of the Modern State'
Part III. History and Historicism in Legal History and Argument:
10. Historicism in legal scholarship
11. Critical legal histories
12. The past as authority and social critic
13. Taming the past: three lectures on history in legal argument
14. Originalism and nostalgic traditionalism
15. Undoing historical injustice.

For more information, see the publisher’s website

BOOK : David DEROUSSIN, ed., La Grande Guerre et son droit (Paris: Librairie LGDJ). ISBN 9782275060521, 44,00 €

(Source: Librairie LGDJ)

Librairie LGDJ has just published a new book on World War I and its influence on lawyers and legal systems during the war.


Si le centenaire de la Première Guerre mondiale a évidemment été l'occasion d'expositions et de manifestations scientifiques nombreuses, rares sont celles dont le droit a été l'objet exclusif. Tel est au contraire le parti pris de l'ouvrage aujourd'hui présenté au public, qui entend appréhender non seulement l'attitude des juristes face à la guerre, mais aussi la réaction des systèmes juridiques eux-mêmes, à travers des exemples tirés tant du droit privé que du droit public, dans le but de saisir le fonctionnement concret des règles de droit dans un contexte assurément particulier, la résistance des principales distinctions (droit privé/droit public), catégories (propriété privée) et notions juridiques et la solidité de certains principes juridiques (liberté contractuelle, intangibilité du contrat).
L'ouvrage s'adresse ainsi non seulement aux universitaires et étudiants des facultés de droit et d'histoire, mais aussi à tous ceux qui souhaitent découvrir comment les systèmes juridiques des principaux pays belligérants, confrontés à l'âpreté des combats et à l'enlisement d'un conflit dans lequel ils ne sont pas tous entrés de manière identique, ont entendu répondre aux divers défis qui leur étaient adressés. 

Les contributions réunies dans ce volume, pour l'essentiel rédigées par des historiens du droit, montrent alors que, pour chacun de ces systèmes, les difficultés liées à la mobilisation, à la conduite des opérations militaires, au maintien de l'activité économique, au fonctionnement de la justice ou encore à la réparation des dommages de guerre, ont souvent été résolues au moyen de techniques pour une bonne part similaires, comme la mise en place d'un contrôle accru des activités économiques au moyen notamment de restrictions à la liberté contractuelle et à la liberté du commerce, le recours à la technique des moratoria ou, au contraire, le maintien de certains grands principes du droit contractuel, spécialement la force obligatoire du contrat. Elles montrent également que cette adaptation des systèmes juridiques au temps de guerre a souvent bénéficié de l'expérience passée (notamment le premier conflit franco-prussien de 1870) et que, sur certains points (réparation des dommages de guerre, encadrement accru du contrat de bail), elle laissera des traces bien après la fin des hostilités. 

Sous la direction de David Deroussin, avec les contributions de P. Allorant, Ph. Bouchardeau, P.-L. Boyer, A.-S. Chambost, F. Cherfouh, D. Deroussin, C. Drand, B. Durand, Fr. Gilson,
J.-L. Halpérin, J. Hummel, J. Lafosse, E. Lemonidou, A. Mages, U. Pavan Dalla Torre, A. Péroz, G. Richard, G. Rubin, G. Sawicki, M. Wanaim, J. Zollmann.

The first pages of the book, including its table of content, can be found here

For more information, see the publisher’s website

26 April 2018

CONFERENCE: International Days of the Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia (Arras: Citadelle Vauban, 11-12 May 2018)

(image source: Arras Online)


Vendredi 10 mai

9h à 9h30 : Accueil des participants (petits pains au chocolat et croissants + café)

Ouverture par le Président de la CUA, Philippe Rapeneau, et par le Maire d’Arras, Frédéric Leturque

10 h 00 : Présentation des Journées par Pascal Hepner, Christian Pfister et Tanguy Le Marc’hadour

10 h 30 : Christine Hoët-van Cauwenberghe, Les extrémités occidentales des limites de la Gaule Belgique sous le Haut-Empire romain

11 h : pause

11 h 15 : Caroline Laske (Gand), “Free movement’ of peoples: Flemish land holdings in England”

11 h 45 : Cyril Clerbout (Université d'Artois), La déconstruction du territoire judiciaire de l'abbaye du Saint-Sépulcre de Cambrai 1636-1791

12h 15 : fin de la matinée

12h 30 déjeuner restaurant Le Venezia

13h50 : Accueil office du tourisme pour visite des « boves »

14h : Visite des « boves »

15 h 30 : Pascal Hepner (Université d’Artois), Signaler le criminel, un lien préservé entre les villes des anciens Pays-Bas au travers de la correspondance du magistrat d'Arras dans la dernière partie du XVIIIe s.

16 h : Paul Van Peteghem (Université de Nimègue), Arras, Boulogne et Ypres et les nouveaux diocèses aux Pays-Bas anciens. Des questions territoriales ?

16 h 30 : Pause

16 h 50 : Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Anvers/Gand), Les intérêts présents des puissances de l’Europe de Jean Rousset de Missy (1733) : territoires, souveraineté et argumentation juridique pratique.

17 h 30 : Fin de la journée et visite du site de la citadelle d’Arras

18 h 30-19h : Départ pour le banquet

Samedi 11 mai

9 h : Accueil des participants (Café…)

9 h 30 : Maki Fukuda (CHJ), "Le pouvoir pénal et le territoire : l'exposition du cadavre du condamné et les fourches patibulaires" 

10 h : Laurent Brassart, (Université de Lille IRHIS), "Le département : l'étonnante réussite d'un nouveau territoire administratif de 1789 à nos jours"

10 h 30 : Pause

11 h : Felipe Hernandez (EHESS), « Balkans occidentaux : de la construction et déconstruction des territoires à l’insécurité du territoire »

11 h 30 : Stanislas Horvat (Ecole Royale militaire de Belgique-VUB), La justice en Belgique occupée en 14-18

12 h 15 : pause déjeuner à la citadelle

14 h : Catherine Lecomte (Université de Versailles Saint Quentin), La protection des biens culturels entente d’occupation étrangère (titre provisoire)

14 h 30 : Guillaume Wattellin (Université de Montpellier), Le particularisme de la répression des crimes atroces devant le Parlement de Flandre : l'exemple de l'empoisonnement (1668-1789)

15 h : pause

15 h 15 : Assemblée générale

16 h Présentation de manuscrits anciens à l’Abbaye Saint-Vaast ou découverte du patrimoine arrageois.

Contact: dr. Tanguy Le Marchadour.

25 April 2018

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Canadian Legal History, DEADLINE 15 MAY 2018

Via the Canadian Legal History Blog, please see the following announcement regarding the R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Canadian Legal History

R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Legal History

The R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Legal History was created in 2007, on the occasion of the retirement as Chief Justice of Ontario of the Hon. R. Roy McMurtry. It honours the contribution to Canadian legal history of Roy McMurtry, Attorney-General and Chief Justice of Ontario, founder of the Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History and for many years the Society's President.

The fellowship of $16,000 is to support graduate (preferably doctoral) students or those with a recently completed doctorate, to conduct research in Canadian legal history, for one year. Scholars working on any topic in the field of Canadian legal history are eligible. Applicants should be in a graduate programme at an Ontario University or, if they have a completed doctorate, be affiliated with an Ontario University.

The fellowship may be held concurrently with other awards for graduate study. Eligibility is not limited to history and law programmes; persons in cognate disciplines such as criminology or political science may apply, provided the subject of the research they will conduct as a McMurtry fellow is Canadian legal history. The selection committee may take financial need into consideration. Applications will be assessed by a committee appointed by the Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History.

Those interested in the 2018 fellowship should apply by sending a full c.v. and a statement of the research they would conduct as a McMurtry fellow to Amanda Campbell, McMurtry Fellowship Selection Committee, Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History, Osgoode Hall, 130 Queen Street West, Toronto, M5H 2N6. Or to The deadline for applications is May 15, 2018.

SCHOLARSHIP: Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher 2018/2019– University of Glasgow, DEADLINE 29 June 2018

The University of Glasgow is inviting applications for the Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher, tenable for one semester at the University of Glasgow School Of Law, during the 2018/19 academic year:

The Alan Rodger Endowment at the University of Glasgow invites applications for the post of Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher, tenable for one semester at the University of Glasgow School of Law, during the 2018/19 academic year. The successful applicant will reside in Glasgow for the duration of the post, and will receive full access to the physical and electronic resources of the University’s libraries, as well as a stipend of £2,000. No duties are required, though the successful applicant will be invited, if he or she wishes, to speak to students, or at staff seminars.

The successful applicant will be working towards a Ph.D. (or equivalent research doctorate) in Roman law or legal history, and will not have earned a Ph.D. (or equivalent research doctorate), nor attained a permanent academic appointment, by the time he or she takes up residence in Glasgow. Within the broad fields of Roman law or legal history, any subject is acceptable, but please be aware that the successful applicant is expected to conduct research in areas where the resources of the University of Glasgow may profitably serve. Good facility with spoken English is desirable but not required. Candidates from the University of Glasgow are not eligible.

Full information on the post is available from the flyer at the link to the right. Briefly, an application includes:
  • a cover letter;
  • a curriculum vitae; and
  • a piece of written work (5,000 – 10,000 words).
The cover letter should give (1) the applicant’s name, postal address, and email address; (2) the expected date of completion of the doctorate; (3) a description of the applicant’s area of research (ca. 500–1,000 words); and (4) the names, and contact details, of two persons who are willing to serve as referees. Applicants should not submit references themselves, nor ask their referees to supply them. Applications will be reviewed by an academic panel.

Materials are submitted electronically to Prof E. Metzger at, with the subject line ‘Alan Rodger PVR’. The deadline is 29 June 2018.

For more information, see the website of the University of Glasgow

23 April 2018

BOOK: Mark A. GRABER and Howard GILLMAN, The Complete American Constitutionalism, Volume Five, Part I (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780190877514, $125.00

Oxford University Press will publish a book on the constitution of the confederate states next month. The book can be pre-ordered here.


The Complete American Constitutionalism is designed to be the comprehensive treatment and source for debates on the American constitutional experience. It provides the analysis, resources, and materials both domestic and foreign readers must understand with regards to the practice of constitutionalism in the United States.

This first part to Volume Five of the series covers: The Constitution of the Confederate States. The authors offer a comprehensive analysis of the constitution of the Confederate States during the American Civil War. Confederate constitutionalism presents the paradox of a society constitutionally committed to human and white supremacy whose constitutional materials rarely dwell on human bondage and racism. The foundational texts of Confederate constitutionalism maintain that racial slavery was at the core of secession and southern nationality. This volume provides the various speeches, ordinances and declarations, cases, and a host of other sources accompanied by detailed historical commentary.


Mark A. Graber is the University System of Maryland Regents Professor at the University of Maryland's Francis King Carey School of Law. He authored many books and articles focusing on American constitutional law, development, theory, and politics. He has been the section chair of the Public Law Section of the American Political Science Association and the Constitutional Law Section of the American Association of Law Schools.

Howard Gillman is Chancellor and Professor of Political Science, History, and Law at the University of California, Irvine. He has authored many books, contributed book chapters, and articles among which include: The Constitution Besieged: The Rise and Demise of Lochner Era Police Powers Jurisprudence (1993); and The Votes That Counted: How the Court Decided the 2000 Presidential Election (2001). He received a number of awards for his scholarly contributions, including the C. Herman Pritchett Award for best book in the field of public law, and the American Judicature Society Award for best paper presented at a regional or national conference, both bestowed by the Law & Courts Section of the American Political Science Association. He has chaired that section and been honored by it for exceptional service and mentoring.


Preface: The Banality of Confederate Constitutional Evil
I. Introduction
II. Foundations
A. Secession
B. Sources
1. The Federal Constitution and Amendments
2. State Constitutions and Amendments
3. Extra-Constitutional Sources of Authority
C. Principles
1. Jefferson Davis, Inaugural Addresses
2. Inaugural Address of the President of the Provisional Government
3. The Inaugural Address
4. Robert Barnwell Rhett, The Address of the People of South Carolina, Assembled in Convention, To the People of the Slaveholding States of the United States
5. Thomas S. Bocock, Speech on Becoming Speaker of the House
6. Alexander Stephens, Cornerstone Speech
D. Scope
III. Constitutional Authority and Judicial Power
A. Constitutional Authority
B. Judicial Structure, Section and Jurisdiction
C. Constitutional Litigation
IV. Powers
A. General Principles
B. Congressional Power over Domestic Policy
C. Congressional Power over War and Foreign Policy
D. Federal Power to Acquire and Govern Territory
E. Federal Power to Enforce Civil Rights
F. Legislative Structure, Processes, Staffing and Privileges
G. State Powers under State Constitutions
V. Federalism
A. The Status of States in the Federal Union
B. State Regulation of Commerce
C. State Sovereign Immunity and Commandeering of State Officials
D. Preemption
E. Relationships Between States
VI. Separation of Powers
A. Presidential and Foreign Policy Powers
B. Domestic Powers of the President
C. Presidential Power to Execute the Law
D. Appointment and Removal Powers
E. Delegation and Administrative Agencies
VII. Individual Rights
A. Property Rights
1. Contracts
2. Takings
3. Due Process
B. Religion
1. Establishment
2. Free Exercise
C. Guns
D. Person Freedom and Public Morality
VIII. Democratic Rights
A. Free Speech
B. Voting Rights
C. Citizenship
IX. Equality
A. Equality Under Law
B. Race
C. Gender
D. Native Americans
X. Criminal Justice
A. Due Process
B. Habeas Corpus
C. Search and Seizure
D. Investigation and Interrogations
E. Juries
F. Attorneys
G. Punishments
H. Infamous Crimes and Criminals

More information on the publisher’s website

BOOK: Ed. Aniceto MASFERRER, The Western Codification of Criminal Law : A Revision of the Myth of Its Predominant French Influence [Studies in the History of Law and Justice], ed. Georges Martyn and Mortimer Sellers (Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2018). ISBN 9783319719122, $159.00

(Source: Springer)

Springer has published a book on the codificiation of criminal law in the West.


This volume addresses an important historiographical gap by assessing the respective contributions of tradition and foreign influences to the 19th century codification of criminal law. More specifically, it focuses on the extent of French influence – among others – in European and American civil law jurisdictions. In this regard, the book seeks to dispel a number of myths concerning the French model’s actual influence on European and Latin American criminal codes.

The impact of the Napoleonic criminal code on other jurisdictions was real, but the scope and extent of its influence were significantly less than has sometimes been claimed. The overemphasis on French influence on other civil law jurisdictions is partly due to a fundamental assumption that modern criminal codes constituted a break with the past. The question as to whether they truly broke with the past or were merely a degree of reform touches on a difficult issue, namely, the dichotomy between tradition and foreign influences in the codification of criminal law. Scholarship has unfairly ignored this important subject, an oversight that this book remedies.


Tradition and Foreign Influences in the 19th Century Codification of Criminal Law: Dispelling the Myth of the Pervasive French Influence in Europe and Latin America, Masferrer, Aniceto, Pages 3-50
The Influence of the Napoleonic Penal Code on the Development of Criminal Law in Germany: Juridical Discourses, Legal Transfer and Codification, Härter, Karl, Pages 53-75
Ignoring France? Possible French Influences on the Development of Austrian Penal Law in the 19th Century, Schennach, Martin P., Pages 77-93,
The Influence of the French Penal Code of 1810 on the Belgian Penal Code of 1867: Between Continuity and Innovation, Cartuyvels, Yves, Pages 95-113
The Influence of the French Penal Code of 1810 Over the “General Part” of the Portuguese Penal Code of 1852: The Visible and the Invisible, Lacerda da Costa Pinto, Frederico (et al.), Pages 115-130
An Autonomous Path for the Italian Penal Code of 1889: The Constructing Process and the First Case Law Applications, Vinci, Stefano, Pages 131-161
The Roots of Italian Penal Codification: Nation Building and the Claim for a Peculiar Identity in Criminal Law, Pifferi, Michele, Pages 163-192
The Myth of French Influence Over Spanish Codification: The General Part of the Criminal Codes of 1822 and 1848, Masferrer, Aniceto, Pages 193-242
The Influence Exerted by the 1819 Criminal Code of the Two Sicilies upon Nineteenth-Century Spanish Criminal Law Codification and Its Projection in Latin America, Iñesta-Pastor, Emilia, Pages 243-278
 The ‘Code Pénal’ in the Itinerary of the Criminal Codification in America and Europe: ‘Influence’ and Circularity of Models, Nunes, Diego, Pages 281-295
Codifying the Criminal Law in Argentina: Provincial and National Codification in the Genesis of the First Penal Code, Agüero, Alejandro (et al.), Pages 297-322
From Free Will to Social Defense (or from Cesare Beccaria to Cesare Lombroso): Julio Herrera and the Criminal Law Codification in Argentina (1903–1922), Núñez, Jorge A., Pages 323-339
The 1830 Criminal Code of the Brazilian Empire and Its Originality, Poveda Velasco, Ignacio Maria (et al.), Pages 341-368
The Mexican Codification of Criminal Law: Its Foreign Influences, Cruz Barney, Oscar, Pages 369-409
European and US Influences on the 19th Century Prison Reform, Vázquez, Isabel Ramos, Pages 413-427

More information on the publisher’s website

22 April 2018

BOOK: Sunita JOGARAJAN, Double Taxation and the League of Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108421447, £ 110.00.

Next month, Cambridge University press will publish a book on the League of Nations’ work regarding tax treaties. The book can be pre-ordered here.


Modern-day tax treaties have their foundations in one of the three Model Tax Treaties developed by the League of Nations in 1928. Using previously unexplored archival material, Sunita Jogarajan provides the first in-depth examination of the development of the League's Models. This new research provides insights into questions such as the importance of double taxation versus tax evasion; the preference for source-taxation versus residence-taxation; the influence of theory and practice on the League's work; the development of bilateral rather than multilateral treaties; the influence of developing countries on the League's work; the role of Commentary in interpreting model tax treaties; and the influential factors and key individuals involved. A better understanding of the development of the original models will inform and help guide interpretation and reform of modern-day tax treaties. Additionally, this book will be of interest to scholars of international relations and the development of law at international organisations.


Sunita Jogarajan, University of Melbourne
Sunita Jogarajan is Associate Professor in the Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne. She has published in the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, British Tax Review and World Tax Journal.


List of abbreviations
1. Introduction
2. Background
3. Personality, politics and principles: the drafting of the 1925 Resolutions on Double Taxation
4. The ICC and the development of the 1928 Models
5. Turning resolutions into treaties – the drafting of the first Model Convention on Double Taxation
6. The 'great powers' and the development of the 1928 Models
7. One beget three – the drafting of the 1928 Model Tax Treaties on Double Income Taxation
8. Lessons from history – where to from here?
Appendix 1. Timeline/cast of characters
Appendix 2. 1925 Report Final Resolutions
Appendix 3. 1921 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 4. 1922 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 5. 1923 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 6. 1924 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 7. 1925 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 8. 1927 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 9. 1927 Draft Model Convention
Appendix 10. 1925 UK Finance Act
Appendix 11. Thompson Art 10 Proposal
Appendix 12. USSR Art 5 Proposal
Appendix 13. USSR Art 10 and 11 Proposals
Appendix 14. Dorn and Borduge Draft Convention
Appendix 15. Thompson Draft Convention
Appendix 16. Adams Draft Convention
Appendix 17. Draft Convention IA
Appendix 18. Draft Convention IB
Appendix 19. Draft Convention IB Commentary
Appendix 20. Draft Convention IC
Appendix 21. Draft Convention IC Commentary

More information on the publisher’s website

NOTICE: Repository of Historical Gun Laws (Duke Law)

(Source: Duke Law School)

Through Rechtsgeschiedenis Blog, we learned of a new repository of historical gun laws (from the medieval age to 1776 for England, and from the colonial era to the middle of the 20th century for the United States) by Duke Law School. The repository can be found here.


Welcome to the Repository of Historical Gun Laws, a searchable database of gun laws from the medieval age to 1776 in England and from the colonial era to the middle of the twentieth century in the United States. This Repository is intended as a resource for scholars and practitioners interested in historical laws concerning firearms and other similar weapons. Although the Repository seeks to be substantial, it is not comprehensive. Conscientious users of this Repository should supplement their results with further legal and historical research.

Questions or comments about the repository can be sent to the following email:  

For more information, see Duke Law School’s website

21 April 2018

BOOK: Rafael DOMINGO and Javier MARTÍNEZ-TORRÓN, eds., Great Christian Jurists in Spanish History [Law and Christianity] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108428071, £ 84.99

Next month, Cambridge University Press will publish a book on great Christian jurists in Spanish history. The book can be pre-ordered here.


The Great Christian Jurists series comprises a library of national volumes of detailed biographies of leading jurists, judges and practitioners, assessing the impact of their Christian faith on the professional output of the individuals studied. Spanish legal culture, developed during the Spanish Golden Age, has had a significant influence on the legal norms and institutions that emerged in Europe and in Latin America. This volume examines the lives of twenty key personalities in Spanish legal history, in particular how their Christian faith was a factor in molding the evolution of law. Each chapter discusses a jurist within his or her intellectual and political context. All chapters have been written by distinguished legal scholars from Spain and around the world. This diversity of international and methodological perspectives gives the volume its unique character; it will appeal to scholars, lawyers, and students interested in the interplay between religion and law.


Rafael Domingo, Emory University, Atlanta
Rafael Domingo is the Spruill Family Research Professor at Emory University, and ICS Professor of Law at the University of Navarra in Spain. A specialist in legal history, legal theory, ancient Roman law, and comparative law, he has published more than 20 books, including The New Global Law (Cambridge, 2011) and God and the Secular Legal System (Cambridge, forthcoming).

Javier Martínez-Torrón, Complutense University, Madrid
Javier Martínez-Torrón is Professor of Law at Complutense University, Madrid. He is vice-president of the section of canon law and church-state relations of the Spanish Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation. His scholarly writings include 22 books and have been published in 23 countries and in 13 languages.


Introduction Rafael Domingo and Javier Martínez-Torrón
1. Isidore of Seville Philip Reynolds
2. Raymond of Penyafort José Miguel Viejo-Ximénez
3. Alfonso X Joseph F. O'Callaghan
4. Francisco de Vitoria Andreas Wagner
5. Bartolomé de Las Casas Kenneth Pennington
6. Martín de Azpilcueta Wim Decok
7 Domingo de Soto Benjamin Hill
8. Fernando Vázquez de Menchaca Salvador Rus
9. Diego de Covarrubias y Leiva Richard Helmholz
10 Luis de Molina Kirk R. MacGregor
11. Francisco Suárez Henrik Lagerlung
12. Tomás Sánchez Rafael Domingo
13. Juan Solórzano Pereira Matthew C. Mirow
14. Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos Jan-Henrik Witthaus
15. Francisco Martínez Marina Aniceto Massferrer
16. Juan Donoso Cortés Jose María Beneyto
17. Concepción Arenal Paloma Durán y Lalaguna
18. Manuel Alonso Martínez Carlos Petit
19. Álvaro d'Ors Rafael Domingo
20. Pedro Lombardía Alberto de la Hera and Javier Martínez-Torrón.

For more information, see the publisher’s website

BOOK : Emmanuel PIERRAT, La France des vaincus passe à la barre (Paris: Librairie LGDJ, 2018). ISBN 978-2-412-02690-8, 19,95 €

(Source: Librairie LGDJ)

Librairie LGDJ has just published a new book, dealing with the legal history of the purging of Nazi collaborators in France after World War II.


« Un pays qui manque son épuration se prépare à manquer sa rénovation. »
Albert Camus, 1945. Combat

Dès les années 1940, avant même la libération de Paris et la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l'épineuse question de l'épuration s'impose : Comment sanctionner ceux qui ont collaboré avec l'Allemagne nazie ? La France se déchire entre les défenseurs du pardon et les partisans d'une justice punitive pour les soutiens de Vichy.

Brossant un tableau de la France de l'après-guerre couvrant tous les milieux - intellectuels, politiques, ecclésiastiques, etc. - Emmanuel Pierrat dépeint ici un pays au bord de la rupture et analyse les tourments d'une société qui cherche à sortir d'une situation d'exception, violente et chaotique.
Des femmes tondues aux lois d'amnistie en passant par les exécutions sommaires et les internements administratifs, ce livre nous fait revivre des années décisives à travers les destins de Pétain, Laval, Brasillach ou encore du constructeur automobile Louis Renault. S'appuyant sur de nombreuses sources judiciaires et journaux de l'époque, Emmanuel Pierrat nous plonge au coeur des désillusions, exécutions et reconstructions qui ont bouleversé la France pendant une décennie et qui entretiennent, encore aujourd'hui, de multiples tabous.


Emmanuel Pierrat, avocat et écrivain, est conservateur du musée du Barreau de Paris. Il est l'auteur de plus de soixante-dix ouvrages juridiques, de romans et de livres sur l'art. Bibliophile, il est passionné par l'Histoire. Il a notamment publié Les Francs-maçons sous l'Occupation, entre résistance et collaboration (Albin Michel) et Les Grands Procès de l'Histoire (La Martinière).

For more information, see the publisher’s website

BOOK: Jennifer E. ROTHMAN, The Right of Publicity : Privacy Reimagined for a Public World (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780674980983, €36.00

Harvard University Press will publish a new book on the history of the right of publicity next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.


Who controls how one’s identity is used by others? This legal question, centuries old, demands greater scrutiny in the Internet age. Jennifer Rothman uses the right of publicity—a little-known law, often wielded by celebrities—to answer that question, not just for the famous but for everyone. In challenging the conventional story of the right of publicity’s emergence, development, and justifications, Rothman shows how it transformed people into intellectual property, leading to a bizarre world in which you can lose ownership of your own identity. This shift and the right’s subsequent expansion undermine individual liberty and privacy, restrict free speech, and suppress artistic works.

The Right of Publicity traces the right’s origins back to the emergence of the right of privacy in the late 1800s. The central impetus for the adoption of privacy laws was to protect people from “wrongful publicity.” This privacy-based protection was not limited to anonymous private citizens but applied to famous actors, athletes, and politicians. Beginning in the 1950s, the right transformed into a fully transferable intellectual property right, generating a host of legal disputes, from control of dead celebrities like Prince, to the use of student athletes’ images by the NCAA, to lawsuits by users of Facebook and victims of revenge porn.

The right of publicity has lost its way. Rothman proposes returning the right to its origins and in the process reclaiming privacy for a public world.


Jennifer E. Rothman is Professor of Law and the Joseph Scott Fellow at Loyola Law School, Los Angeles.


I. The Big Bang
1. The Original “Right of Publicity”
2. From the Ashes of Privacy
3. A Star Is Born?
II. The Inflationary Era
4. A Star Explodes
5. A Star Expands
III. Dark Matter
6. The (In)alienable Right of Publicity
7. The Black Hole of the First Amendment
8. A Collision Course with Copyright
Epilogue: The Big Crunch

More information on the publisher’s website