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05 July 2022

BOOK: Deborah BOUCOYANNIS, Kings as Judges: Power, Justice, and the Origins of Parliaments (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021). ISBN 9781107162792, £ 29.99

 

(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press has recently published  Kings as Judges: Power, Justice, and the Origins of Parliaments

ABOUT THE BOOK

How did representative institutions become the central organs of governance in Western Europe? What enabled this distinctive form of political organization and collective action that has proved so durable and influential? The answer has typically been sought either in the realm of ideas, in the Western tradition of individual rights, or in material change, especially the complex interaction of war, taxes, and economic growth. Common to these strands is the belief that representation resulted from weak ruling powers needing to concede rights to powerful social groups. Boucoyannis argues instead that representative institutions were a product of state strength, specifically the capacity to deliver justice across social groups. Enduring and inclusive representative parliaments formed when rulers could exercise power over the most powerful actors in the land and compel them to serve and, especially, to tax them. The language of rights deemed distinctive to the West emerged in response to more effectively imposed collective obligations, especially on those with most power.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Deborah Boucoyannis, George Washington University, Washington DC

Deborah Boucoyannis teaches Comparative Politics at George Washington University. This book is based on a dissertation that received the American Political Science Association's Ernst Haas Best Dissertation Award in European Politics and the Seymour Martin Lipset Best Dissertation Award from the Society for Comparative Research. She has published in Perspectives on Politics, Politics and Society, and other journals.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface and acknowledgments
Part I. The origins of Representative Institutions: Power, Land, and Courts:
1. Introduction
2. A theory of institutional emergence: regularity, functional fusion, and the origins of parliament
3. Explaining institutional layering and functional fusion: the role of power
Part II. Origins of Representative Rractice: Power, Obligation, and Taxation:
4. Taxation and representative practice: bargaining vs compellence
5. Variations in representative practice: 'absolutist' France and Castile
6. No taxation of elites, no representative institutions
Part III. Trade, Towns, and the Political Economy of Representation:
7. Courts, institutions, and cities: Low Countries and Italy
8. Courts, institutions, and territory: Catalonia
9. The endogeneity of trade: the English wool trade and the Castilian mesta
Part IV. Land, Conditionality, and Property Rights:
10. Power, land, and second-best constitutionalism: Central and Northern Europe
11. Conditional land law, property rights, and 'Sultanism': premodern English and Ottoman land regimes
12. Land, tenure, and assemblies: Russia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
Part V. Why Representation in the West: Petitions, Collective Responsibility, and Supra-Local Organization:
13. Petitions, collective responsibility, and representative practice: England, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index.

 

More info here

03 July 2022

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'histoire du droit/The Legal History Review 90 (2022), afl. 1-2

 

(source: TRG)


  • Front matter
  • Criminal prosecutions of the deliberate killing of a new-born child in the Belgian province of West Flanders, 1796-1867
    • J. Monballyu
    • In Belgium, from 1796 until 1867, infanticide was a crime which was legally defined as the deliberate homicide of a new-born child and punished with the death penalty. In the province of West Flanders, for a long time the second most populous province in Belgium, this crime was strongly women-related. As in the other Belgian provinces and abroad, this crime was mainly committed by unmarried domestic servants who lived with their employer and with whom there was no time nor a place for a mother with a child. Infanticide was a crime that was prosecuted before the Court of Assizes of West Flanders and its predecessors. Such prosecutions happened rather exceptionally (109 people in all were prosecuted in West Flanders over a period of 70 years, i.e. an average of 1.5 per year), albeit in a steadily increasing line and with a peak during the years 1850-1867. The Court of Assizes punished this crime only very exceptionally with the statutory death penalty (only in 34 cases, i.e. 31% of the 109 accused). The other 75 accused were either acquitted (58 cases, i.e. 53% of the accused) or punished for another offence (17 cases, i.e. 15.5% of the accused). The acquittals and the punishments for another offence were not the result of the jurors’ or professional judges’ inclination to accept the puerperal insanity of the accused women, but a consequence of the fact that it was exceedingly difficult to prove that a child had been born viable, had lived independently of the mother for a while, and had been killed with the clear intention of killing it, when the child’s mother had given birth without assistance and claimed that the child had been still-born or died from a natural cause.
  • Creditor fructus percepit, Sul pegno con patto anticretico
    • R. Perani
    • https://doi.org/10.5117/PM2022.1.003.WYME
    • Creditor fructus percepit, On pledge with a pactum antichreticum. – May the pledgee take the benefits of the res? Pledge did not allow it, there would have been theft (furtum usus). In fact, the thing given as pledge was excluded from any economic use. However, Roman law attests an agreement called ἀντίχρησις, which allowed the creditor to have the fruits of the res, under some conditions. Among the jurists only Marcianus uses this Greek term (in D.13,7,33 and D.20,1,11,1).  In this paper, I wish to demonstrate that the antichresis has become part of Roman legal thought. The legal sources attest a late appearance of the antichresis (very late 2nd and early 3rd century AD), but some Severian constitutions suggest that it may already have been known in practice. The Greek word indicated its foreign origin, but Roman jurists called it simply pignus.
  • Problemas probatorios de la exceptio doli
    • Patricia Lazo
    • https://doi.org/10.1163/15718190-20220002
    • The objective of this paper are the proof issues of the exceptio doli in the formular process. The author examines different texts from Roman lawyers regarding not only the proof of the exceptiones, but of the dolus as well, turning back to the problem of onus probandi in the classical process. One of the premises of this work is that the Exceptio doli has a bigger complexity than other exceptiones. These issues found a safer treatment when created the exceptio non numeratae pecuniae. The hypothesis is that this Exceptio should be seen as an alternative to the Exceptio doli every time the defendant has no chance to prove the facts that constitute the plaintiff’s Dolus (a positive fact). And this situation would be related to the fact that the reversal of burden of proof in case of negative facts was sufficiently known in the classic process and therefore the rescript of C. 4,30,3 was unnecessary for that goal.
  • Epistula Honorii: note esegetiche e riflessioni storico-giuridiche
    • Lorenzo Lanti
    •  https://doi.org/10.1163/15718190-20220011
    • More than 430 fragments contained in the Theodosian Code can be traced back to laws by Honorius. The reason for this immense amount of costitutiones is to be found in the variety of issues he had to face during his rather long empire (395–423). Beyond those passed down in official Codes, a number of other laws issued under Honorius are attested by literary or historical sources. The purpose of this paper is to present, analyze and comment on the Epistula Honorii, a quite neglected rescript copied down in a Spanish volume of miscellaneous manuscripts from the end of the 10th century. The document, addressed to troops stationed in the city of Pamplona, grants certain benefits to these soldiers, namely an increase of their stipendium and the hospitium. After focusing on its dating and the problematic interpretation of its text, it will be compared to other laws by Honorius on similar topics.
  • The capture of the Ponte: the development of vicarious liability of shipowners and its limitation in Roman-Dutch law
    • Tim Lubbers
    • https://doi.org/10.1163/15718190-20220012
    • In 1599, Dutch privateer Melchior van den Kerckhoven unlawfully captured the Venetian merchantman Ponte, which resulted in extensive legal proceedings before the Supreme Court of Holland, Zeeland and West-Friesland. The Ponte case soon became the centrepiece for discussions about vicarious liability of shipowners for unlawful acts of their shipmasters, and – more importantly – about limitation of this liability to (the value of) their ship and cargo. Within these discussions, a secondary role was reserved for the case arising from the capture of the French ship Levrette by a Dutch merchantman in 1610. Based on extensive archival research, the present article offers a detailed reconstruction of the facts and proceedings of the Ponte and the Levrette case, and sets out how these cases were employed by Roman-Dutch lawyers to give shape to limited liability of shipowners for unlawful acts of their shipmaster.
  • Jurisdiction and its attribution in the works of Diodorus Tuldenus (1594-1645)
    • Geert Sluijs
    • https://doi.org/10.1163/15718190-20220003
    •  Diodorus Tuldenus (1594-1645) as a professor of the Digest at the University of Leuven is one of the most representative figures for legal academia in the Southern Low Countries in this period. After a brief biography, this article deals with a classic subject in the field of public law as discussed by Tuldenus in his works: jurisdiction and its attribution. In chapter one, the genealogy of the terms iurisdictio and imperium is traced until Tuldenus’ treatment of the subject, situating his position vis-à-vis the state of the art. In the second chapter the same is done for the conditions under which this jurisdiction can be attributed. In the conclusion, a tentative link is drawn between Tuldenus’ positions and their broader political ramifications.
  • Network analysis in legal history: an example from the Court of Friesland
    • Hylkje de Jong & Gijs van Dijck
    • https://doi.org/10.1163/15718190-20220004
    • This article focuses on the references (allegations) made by the lawyers in a selected number of cases to Roman and customary law as well as to court decisions when arguing their case. The analysis focuses on three similar civil litigation records from the Court of Friesland from 1716, 1718 and 1720. Network analysis was used to examine whether certain sources were more dominant (i.e. more central) in the network than others and to explore the relationship between the references. The lawyers in the three cases from the Court of Friesland appear to have used some references in common when arguing whether security rights (i.e. mortgages) included a right of pursuit and whether the auctioneer could recover the object if the buyer failed to pay.
  • Le vir bonus en droit romain, written by Elena Giannozzi
  •  Jurists and jurisprudence in medieval Italy, Texts and contexts, written by O. Cavallar and J. Kirshner
  • Ἐντολή (mandatum) in den Basiliken, written by Hylkje de Jong
  • Quatrième Livre des procurateurs de la nation germanique de l’ancienne Université d’Orléans 1587–1602, Texte des rapports des procurateurs [= Les Livres des procurateurs de la nation germanique de l’ancienne Université d’Orléans 1444–1602, [tome iv]], edited by C.M. Ridderikhof [et] H. de Ridder-Symoens
  • Bundels / Recueils / Collections
  • Ontvangen werken / Ouvrages reçus / Publications received
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Meer info/davantage d'informations: hier/ici.

01 July 2022

BOOK: Elisabetta D'AMICO, Andante ma non troppo. Luigi Majno e la scuola positiva tra moderazione e riforma (Torino: Giappicchelli Editore, 2022). ISBN: 9788892143067, pp. 288, € 40,00



ABOUT THE BOOK

Collana: Università degli Studi dell'Insubria. Facoltà di Giurisprudenza

Il volume ripercorre, grazie anche a scritti inediti e alle corrispondenze rinvenute, le scelte di vita, le opere e l’attività professionale di Luigi Majno, indiscusso protagonista della Milano tra Otto e Novecento, avvocato, cultore del diritto penale e processuale penale, professore, politico e convinto interprete della beneficenza laica. L’adesione di Majno al positivismo penale dà l’occasione, sotto il profilo più spiccatamente giudico, di rapportare il contributo di Majno al dibattito penalistico sollecitato da Cesare Lombroso, Enrico Ferri e Raffaele Garofalo e di vagliare impostazioni e rapporti della scuola positiva con la scienza, anche con riguardo alle dinamiche processuali.


More information with the publisher.

CONFERENCE: IX convegno nazionale della ISLL: Le ispirazioni del giurista. Storie, miti, favole, archetipi, e altre dimensioni della narratività - 30 giugno e 1 luglio 2022 - Università degli studi del Molise

30 June 2022

CFP: 16th International Conference - Jagiellonian University's Student Society for State and Legal History (Krakow, 16-17 September 2022, hybrid form)

(Source: JU)

We would like to invite you to participate in the 16th International Conference, which will take place in a hybrid form on 16th-17th September (Friday - Saturday). Participation will be possible both in a stationary form and online, using the MS TEAMS platform, to which we would encourage those of you who, for any reason, will not be able to go to Krakow personally.
The event - held by the Jagiellonian University's Student Society for State and Legal History, Chair of Polish Legal and State History and the Chair of World Legal and State History at the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University - is aimed at researchers in fields of law and history - in particular at graduate students, PhD students and PhD graduates.
It is extremely difficult to overestimate the role of criminal law and its meaning for the state and for individuals. The multitude of functions and tasks, which have been transforming throughout history, have been the subject of numerous scientific studies until present day. In 2022, we celebrate the anniversaries of the legislative enactment of several important legal acts concerning both substantive and procedural criminal law. 490 years ago there was the Constitutio Criminalis Carolina (1532), 235 years ago the Constitutio Criminalis Josephina (1787), 175 years ago the Code of Main and Corrective Crimes of the Kingdom of Poland (1847), 170 years ago the Austrian Penal Code (1852), 90 years ago the Polish Penal Code of 1932, which is more commonly known as the Makarewicz Code. In 2022 we also commemorate the 25th anniversary of the comprehensive reform of Polish criminal law, which included the enactment in 1997 of: Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and Criminal Executive Code. Furthermore, 175 years ago the German Code of Criminal Procedure (1877) was legislated.
We also hope that the above events will encourage a comprehensive discussion on the role and importance of criminal law in the past, present and future, as well as the presentation of the results of your academic research.
Suggested topics include the following:
1. functions and tasks of criminal law
2. criminal responsibility
3. the conception of punishment
4. types of criminal offences
5. the model of a criminal procedure
6. the evidence in a criminal procedure
7. the rules of criminal procedure
Any other research topics that are in line with the conference theme will of course also be warmly welcomed.
If you are interested in taking part in the conference, please send topic of your speech to: hpip.tbsp@uj.edu.pl and state if you want to participate in a stationary form or in online form. The length of the speech should not exceed 20 minutes.
We keep the right to select the abstracts.
The organisers are also planning a post-conference publication for all interested Participants. We hereby invite you to submit your chapters to our post-conference book. You are allowed to change the subject of your chapter.
Length of texts: 20,000-40,000 characters (including spaces and footnotes). The texts can be submitted in English or Polish. A text in English should be submitted together with an abstract and keywords in English and a text in Polish should be submitted together with an abstract and keywords in Polish and English (The abstract and 3-5 keywords should be between 1000-2000 characters including spaces). Please provide us with texts until October 31st 2022, via e-mail: historiaprawauj@gmail.com.
The publisher which we have chosen is on the list of publications publishing peer-reviewed scientific monographs at level I - 80 points (In accordance to the statement of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of December 17, 2019 regarding the list of publications publishing peer-reviewed scientific monographs).
We keep the right to select articles.

For more information, please contact us by email: hpip.tbsp@uj.edu.pl or via the KN HPiP TBSP UJ page on FB: https://www.facebook.com/Historia-Pa%C5%84stwa-i-Prawa-TBSP-UJ-167278759965360

BOOK: Federico ROGGERO, Alle origini del diritto forestale italiano Il dibattito dottrinale dal 1877 al 1923 (Torino: Giappichelli Editore, 2022). ISBN: 9788892123229, pp. 104, EURO 10


ABOUT THE BOOK


Tra la legge Majorana-Calatabiano, del 20 giugno 1877, n. 3917, e la legge Serpieri, del 30 dicembre 1923, n. 3267, un ampio dibattito si svolse in Italia intorno alla “questione forestale”. La legge del 1877, di unificazione nazionale della materia, aveva lasciato spazio a spoliazioni, e fin dall’inizio fiorirono proposte per una sua riforma. Gli interventi che si succedettero nel tempo furono ispirati a criteri volta a volta diversi, e previdero una più attiva partecipazione dello Stato nella gestione del patrimonio forestale italiano. Questo stimolò la riflessione dottrinale intorno alla opportunità di costruire un nuovo corpo organico di disposizioni forestali che rendesse possibili ricostruzione sistematica del quadro normativo, insegnamento autonomo del diritto forestale e riflessione scientifica su di esso. L’apporto della dottrina giuridica ed economica condusse alla promulgazione del testo del 1923, ancora vigente e costituente il pilastro dell’ordinamento forestale italiano.


More information with the publisher.

CALL FOR BLOG PIECES: Cross-jurisdictional dialogues between WWI and WWII and their impact on law development: the less-known stories / blog of the British Association of Comparative Law (deadline 16 September 2022)



CALL FOR BLOG PIECES 

Cross-jurisdictional dialogues between WWI and WWII and their impact on law development: the less-known stories 


The period between World War I and World War II was characterised by vigorous debates and legal innovation in response to extreme social and economic challenges. This was a time of disillusionment with well-established paradigms and legislative models, but also a time of hope in which comparative dialogue and exchange of ideas between jurisdictions thrived. Some of these exchanges have had a long-lasting impact both on doctrinal and legislative development, but not all stories are well-known.  

Are there tales of cross-jurisdictional dialogue in the interwar period to which comparative lawyers should pay more attention? From which legal systems did your jurisdiction borrow legal ideas in this period? Were there foreign scholars whose work impacted doctrinal writing or even legislation in your jurisdiction? Or maybe it was legal innovation and scholarly writing from your jurisdiction which sparked important debates and legislative changes elsewhere? To give an example – the 1933 Polish Code of Obligations inspired a conference in Bratislava at which the main topic was whether all Slavic countries should unify their law of obligations based on this model. The idea was rejected for being too ambitious, but it motivated leading Bulgarian scholar Yosif Fadenhecht to write a monograph comparing the provisions of the Polish code with the rules on obligations in Bulgaria, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. While Fadenhecht's in-depth interest in Polish law remains unmatched in Bulgaria, he managed to put the Polish legal tradition in the spotlight for years to come.  

Do you know of other fascinating stories of how cross-jurisdictional dialogues between World War I and World War II have impacted law development? You can focus on one legal principle, the work of a scholar or a group of scholars, or provide a general overview of how cross-jurisdictional dialogue has impacted a legal system that you research.  

 

  • The blog piece should be between 1,500 and 1,800 words and in English  
  • Please use hyperlinks instead of footnotes or include references in the text itself 
  • Pictures to illustrate the text are welcome 
  • Authors choose the title and focus of their blog piece 
  • Deadline: 16 September 2022  
  • Please send blog piece to r.vassileva@mdx.ac.uk, copying ymarique@essex.ac.uk 

29 June 2022

JOURNAL: Law and History Review - Volume 40, Issue 2


(Source: CUP)


Law and History Review - Volume 40, Issue 2


ARTICLES


Using Topic-Modeling in Legal History, with an Application to Pre-Industrial English Case Law on Finance

Peter Grajzl, Peter Murrell

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 June 2022, pp. 189-228


Rebellion, Sovereignty, and Islamic Law in the Ottoman Age of Revolutions

Will Smiley

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 04 February 2022, pp. 229-259


The Surveillance State and the Surveillance Private Sector: Pathways to Undercover Policing in France and the United States

Jacqueline E. Ross

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 05 April 2022, pp. 261-303


Religion, Law, and the Dynamics of Intellectual Transmission: Weimar Jurisprudence among Religious Socialists in Israel

Alexander Kaye

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 June 2022, pp. 305-333


Heart Transplants, Legislating Death, and Disruptive Anti-Apartheid Advocacy

Meredith Terretta

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 06 April 2022, pp. 335-369


BOOK REVIEWS

Sara M. Butler, Pain, Penance, and Protest: Peine Forte et Dure in Medieval England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022. Pp. xiv, 474. $135.00 hardcover (ISBN 9781316512388).

Henry Summerson

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 June 2022, pp. 371-373


Tom Johnson, Law in Common: Legal Cultures in Late-Medieval England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. Pp. xii, 324. $105.00 hardcover (ISBN 9780198785613).

Anthony Musson

Catherine L. Evans, Unsound Empire: Civilization & Madness in Late-Victorian Law. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2021. Pp. 304. $65.00 hardcover (ISBN 9780300242744).

Katherine D. Watson

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 June 2022, pp. 375-377


Christopher W. Schmidt, Civil Rights in America: A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020. Pp.250. $114.95 hardcover (ISBN 9781108426251); $39.95 paperback (ISBN 9781108444972).

Sophia Z. Lee

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 June 2022, pp. 377-380


CORRIGENDUM

Garland's Million; or, the Tragedy and Triumph of Legal History: American Society for Legal History Plenary Lecture, New Orleans, 2021 – CORRIGENDUM

John Fabian Witt

Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 June 2022, p. 381



More information and access to the issue here.

JOURNAL: Journal on European History of Law, 1/2022

 



Journal on European History of Law, 1/2022


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Christian Neschwara: Beethovens Schicksal als „Migrant“ in Wien vor 200 Jahren: Vom Untertanen des Erzbischofs von Köln zum österreichischen Staatsbürger

Andrew Watson: The Origins and Development of the Cab Rank Rule for Barristers in England and Wales

Lana Bubalo, Šejla Maslo Čerkić: Protection of the Right to Honor and Reputation – A Historical Overview

Carlos Manuel de Morais Seixas Pires Sardinha: Regeneração, Economic Development and Public-Private Partnership in Nineteenth Century Portugal: a Legal Historical Example

Adriana Švecová, Peter Gergel: Materiellrechtliche und linguistische Überlegungen zum Pflichtteil im geltenden Recht der Slowakei an der Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhunderts bis 1950


Adrián Gajarský: Enabling Powers of the Government of the First Slovak Republic from the Perspective of the Constitutional War Practice of 1939 – 1945

David Kolumber: Disputes over Ownership of the Baťa Empire

Milan Dobeš: Prostitution as a Special Form of the Offence of Social Parasitism in Socialist Czechoslovakia

Marta Baranowska: International Organization as the Foundation of a Peaceful Order after the First World War in the Views of Szymon Rundstein

Thomas Gergen: Volksmission und Politik an der Saar bei der Arbeit des Redemptoristenklosters Bous. Ein Blick in die Quellen von 1949 bis 1956

Mohammad Alipour: Evolution of Peace: from Social Value to Legal Axiom

Lénárd Darázs: Die Entstehung der Teilnichtigkeitsproblematik in dem antiken griechischen und römischen Recht

Adam Boóc: Some Issues of Gift Contracts (Donations) in Hungarian Private Law – from a Historical and Comparative Point of View

Norbert Varga: Lawsuits on Cartel Presentation Omission After the 20th Act of 1931 Came into Effect

Enikő Kovács-Szépvölgyi: Die Jugendgerichtsbarkeit – als Eroberer der Rechtsgeschichte

András Karácsony: Additions to the Idea of Nature in Natural Law Thinking – Transition to Modernity

Gergely Gosztonyi: Aspects of the History of Internet Regulation from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0

Dmitry Poldnikov: Overcoming ‘Cultural thesis’ in Comparative Legal Studies of Non-Western Societies: the Case of the Nineteenth Century Modernisation in Japan and Russia

Natig Khalilov: Codification of Civil Law in Azerbaijan: History, Current Situation and Development Perspectives

Katalin Siska: Thoughts on the Role of the Mosul Boundary Commision of the League of Nations in the Mosul Question


BOOK REVIEWS

Susanne Beck / Stephan Meder (Hg.): Jenseits des Staates? Über das Zusammenwirken von staatlichem und nichtstaatlichem Recht

Julia Paschwitz: Verantwortlichkeit von Online-Archiven bei überholter identifizierender  Verdachtsberichterstattung

Christian Augustin / Thomas Gergen: „von Natur im Besitze des Gedankens selbst“. Elmar Wadles Auseinandersetzung mit dem gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und dem Urheberrecht im Deutschen Bund

Marek Kuryłowicz: Rzymskie prawo oraz zwyczaje grobowe i pogrzebowe. Studia i szkice.

Paul Bushkovitch: Succession to the Throne in Early Modern Russia. The Transfer of Power 1450-1725

Jiří Bílý: Od Homéra k Alexandru Velikému. Boj o moc a právo v klasickém Řecku


ANNEX: XV. JAHRESTREFFEN DER JUNGEN ROMANISTEN

Matthias Ehmer und Francesco Verrico: Einleitende Bemerkungen zu den Beiträgen der

Referentinnen und Referenten des XV. Jahrestreffens der Jungen Romanisten

István Bajánházy: Urkundenfälschung im römischen Recht, Cicero als Schriftsachverständiger

Michael Binder: Procedural Peculiarities of the Lex Publilia de sponsu

Julia-Katharina Horn: Gaius libro septimo decimo ad edictum provinciale D.29,5,25 – Betrachtungen zum SC Silanianum in Gaius’ Kommentar ad edictum provinciale

23 June 2022

PRIZE: Van Caenegem Prize 2022 awarded to dr. Paolo ASTORRI (Copenhagen)

(Image source: ESCLH Secretary-General)

The ESCLH awarded the 2022 Van Caenegem Prize to dr. Paolo Astorri (Copenhagen) for his article “Can a judge rely on his private knowledge? Early modern Lutherans and Catholics compared”, which appeared in issue 1 of vol IX of the Society’s journal Comparative Legal History (DOI 10.1080/2049677X.2021.1908935).

Abstract:

This article examines the opinions of Catholic and Lutheran authors on the question of whether a judge should decide a case according to his personal knowledge when that knowledge conflicts with the charges and evidence at the trial. The majority of the Catholics contended that the judge had to follow the evidence. They distinguished between the judge as a public functionary and as a private man. The judge could not use in a trial what he knew as a man. There were certain Lutherans whose opinions remained close to this position. However, a significant number argued that the distinction between the judge as a functionary and as a man lacked foundation. Divine law commanded the judge to avoid lies and not to kill an innocent. If the judge knew that someone was innocent and nonetheless condemned him by following the evidence at the trial, he committed a sin. To avoid giving an unjust sentence, the judge had to use the knowledge he had obtained privately.

Previous winners can be found on the Prize’s page on this blog. 

For more information on the contribution to legal history of the late prof. Em. Dr. Dr. H.c. Mult. Raoul Charles Baron Van Caenegem, we refer to this article by prof. Dr. Dirk Heirbaut.


ESCLH Biennial Conference: book of abstracts (Free download)

The organisers of the 6th ESCLH Biennial Conference in Lisbon announce that a book of abstracts is now available for download on the Iuris website.

22 June 2022

CONFERENCE: Start of the 6th Biennial Conference of the European Society for Comparative Legal History (Lisbon: Faculty of Law, 22-24 JUN 2022)

Today marks the start of the 6th Biennial Conference of this society, after Valencia (2010, Founding conference), Amsterdam (2012), Macerata (2014), Gdansk (2016) and Paris (2018).

As this event (organised by Prof. Pedro Barbas Homem, dr. Ana Caldeira Fouto and their team) had originally been foreseen for June 2020, we are happy that it is finally possible to see so many colleagues from Europe and outside in Lisbon. The full program (36 sessions, 5 keynote speakers) can be consulted on the website of IURIS (Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon), or by clicking here.









We look forward to welcoming you at the conference site, at the Lisbon Law School:

20 June 2022

BOOK: Alexander Callander MURRAY, The Merovingians. Kingship, Institutions, Law, and History (Londra: Routledge, 2022), ISBN: 9781032054230

(Image source: Routledge)


ABOUT THE BOOK

The studies collected here cover a period of about 33 years, from 1986 to 2019, and represent a sustained effort to understand the institutions of the Merovingian kingdom and its history. There has long been a predisposition to cast the Merovingian period in the dark colours of barbarism or to treat it with reference to personal relationships and archaic institutions. The present volume, instead, recognizes the Merovingian world not as an archaic, primitive intrusion on the Mediterranean civilization of the Roman Empire but simply as a participant in the wider commonwealth that existed before and remained after the dissolution of the western imperial system; in so doing, it serves to refute the scholarly tendency to primitivize Merovingian governance, its underlying institutions, and the broader culture upon which these rested.

The collection is divided into four parts. Part I considers the question of whether Merovingian kingship should be viewed as a species of archaic, ‘sacral’ kingship. Part II, on institutions, has chapters that deal with various offices (the grafio and centenarius), public institutions (especially immunity and public security), and the broader makeup of the Merovingian state system. Part III, on charters, procedure, and law, has chapters on the profile of the charter evidence as now presented in the new MGH edition of the Merovingian diplomas and one on particular procedures before the royal tribunal, mistakenly referred to in scholarship as ‘fictitious’ trials; a final chapter provides a reflection on, and basic guide to, the law in general of the successor kingdoms, with an eye to the evidence of Merovingian Gaul. Part IV, a slight change of pace, deals with historiography, both the modern variety (Reinhard Wenskus) and the Merovingian (Gregory of Tours). All chapters deal extensively with the historiography of their subjects.

This book will appeal to students and scholars alike interested in Early Medieval European history, Merovingian history, Early Medieval law and society, Early Medieval historiography, and the influence of Merovingian law and governance on later centuries.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Alexander Callander Murray is Professor of History Emeritus, University of Toronto, Canada. He is the author of Germanic Kinship Structure: Studies in Law and Society in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (1983); editor of After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History, Essays Presented to Walter Goffart (1998) and A Companion to Gregory of Tours (2016); and editor/translator of From Roman to Merovingian Gaul: A Reader (2000) and Gregory of Tours: The Merovingians (2006).


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I. Were the Merovingians ‘Sacral Kings’?

1. Post vocantur Merohingii: Fredegar, Merovech, and ‘Sacral Kingship’

2. Gregory of Tours (Hist. II 10) and Fredegar (Chron. III 9) on the Paganism of the Franks: The Relation of the Texts and What They Say

Part II. Institutions

3. The Position of the Grafio in the Constitutional History of Merovingian Gaul

4. From Roman to Frankish Gaul: Centenarii and Centenae in the Administration of the Merovingian Kingdom

5. Immunity, Nobility and the Edict of Paris

6. Merovingian Immunity Revisited

7. The Merovingian State and Administration in the Times of Gregory of Tours

Part III. Charters, Procedure, and Law

8. Review Article: The New MGH Edition of the Charters of the Merovingian Kings

9. So–called Fictitious Trials in the Merovingian Placita

10. The Law of the Post–Roman Kingdoms

Part IV. Historiography

12. The Composition of the Histories of Gregory of Tours and Its Bearing on the Political Narrative

With an Appendix of selections from « Chronology and the Composition of the Histories of Gregory of Tours »


More information can be found here.




17 June 2022

BOOK: Lucie ECORCHARD, Les lieux de justice parisiens à la fin du Moyen Âge (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2022), ISBN : 978-2-343-24636-9

(Image source: L’Harmattan)


ABOUT THE BOOK

Violent, cruel, barbare... C'est encore ainsi que le Moyen Âge est décrit et imaginé. En étudiant les lieux et les structures grâce auxquels les nombreux seigneurs parisiens rendaient la justice, cet ouvrage remet en cause l'image traditionnelle de la justice médiévale. Recensant l'ensemble de ces lieux de l'espace public dans la capitale et ses faubourgs, du XIIe à la fin du XVe siècles, l'étude offre une représentation globale des pratiques pénales parisiennes. Au croisement d'une histoire matérielle et politique, ce travail inédit manifeste les politiques territoriales des seigneurs de la capitale en cette fin du Moyen Âge et montre que ces structures judiciaires étaient multifonctionnelles. Bien plus que de simples supports des exécutions, ces objets portent en eux des usages politiques, territoriaux et symboliques.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Formée en histoire et histoire de l'Art et archéologie à l'Université de Paris 1, Lucie Ecorchard a poursuivi ses études en master d'histoire et anthropologie des sociétés médiévales. Actuellement, elle travaille au musée national Eugène Delacroix.


More infromation can be found here.

16 June 2022

COLLOQUE: Justices manifestes. L’enregistrement de la scène judiciaire (22-23 Juin 2022, Paris)

(Image source: Réseau des médiévistes belges de langue française)


Les institutions judiciaires ne gardent pas seulement la trace des crimes et délits, du contentieux et des éventuelles décisions des magistrats, mais aussi du caractère apparent, ritualisé de la justice. Elles rendent ainsi, en leurs écrits, la justice manifeste. En considérant la scène judiciaire comme une rencontre, ce colloque vise à en envisager le déroulement, les espaces et les acteurs, mais aussi le décor, les paroles, les gestes et les objets ; tous en tant qu’ils sont saisis par l’enregistrement judiciaire. De la réception des magistrats à la prononciation et à l’exécution des décisions de justice en passant par le déroulé des audiences, les pratiques d’enregistrement du rituel judiciaire sont ainsi examinées dans la diversité des institutions judiciaires médiévales et modernes.


Informations pratiques:

  • 22 et 23 juin 2022
  • Archives Nationales: Caran, Salle d'Albâtre - 11, rue des Quatre-Fils, Paris, France (75003)
  • Contacts: Elisabeth Schmit (elisabeth [dot] schmit [at] gmail [dot] com), Aurélien Peter (courriel : aurelien [dot] peter [at] gmail [dot] com)


***

MERCREDI 22 JUIN

9h30 Accueil
10h00 Ouverture du colloque par Bruno Ricard, directeur des Archives nationales
10h15 Introduction générale - Élisabeth Schmit (Labex Hastec, Archives nationales – LAMOP)

Session 1 - Écrit, efficacité et performativité du rituel judiciaire.
Discutante : Claude Gauvard (professeure émérite, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, LAMOP)

11h00 La conservation des rituels d’humiliation publique dans les registres d’arrêts de la chambre criminelle du Parlement de Paris au XIVe siècle - Isabelle Liliane d’Artagnan (Sorbonne Université, Centre Roland Mousnier)
11h30 Legal rituals and language objects in the late medieval courts of Utrecht, York and Paris - Frans Camphuijsen (University of Amsterdam, Department of History)
12h00 Juger avec un bâton et une épée : rituels et manifestations de la juridiction des maréchaux de France aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles - Romain Benoit-Lévy (Université Rennes 2, Tempora)
12h30 Questions & discussion


Session 2 – Enregistrer les procès politiques.
Discutant : Olivier Mattéoni (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, LAMOP)

15h00 Sur les traces de l’enregistrement des procès par les pairs de France. Comparaison de deux affaires célèbres, celle de Robert III d’Artois (1332) et de Jean II duc d’Alençon (1458) - Vincent Léthumier (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, LAMOP)
15h30 Le rôle de l’enregistrement dans les procès politiques devant la Chambre des comptes de Savoie : le cas du procureur fiscal contre Jacques de Valpergue accusé de trahison (1458-1461) - Daniela Cereia (Archives d’État de Turin)
16h00 Questions & discussion

16h30 Visite des dépôts, guidée par M. Michel Ollion (Archives nationales, Département du Moyen Âge et de l’Ancien Régime)


JEUDI 23 JUIN
Session 3 – Justices locales : enjeux de mémoire et concurrences des pouvoirs.
Discutant : Guillaume Calafat (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, IHMC)

10h15 (D)écrire la procédure judiciaire à Dijon à la fin du Moyen Âge - Rudi Beaulant (Université de Bourgogne, ARTEHIS)
10h45 Les juges, le médecin et la guérisseuse : procédures judiciaires et pratiques de l’écrit dans les villes allemandes à la fin du Moyen Âge - Dominique Adrian (Université de Lorraine, CRULH)
11h15 Rendre la justice dans le monde corporé : un enjeu de pouvoirs entre administrés, autorités municipales et pouvoir central à l’époque moderne - Agathe Leyssens (INSPE-HdF Université de Lille, HLLI)
11h45 Justices sommaires, justices manifestes. Les justices des manufactures dans la France du XVIIIe siècle - François Pineau (Université Paris 8, IDHE.S)
12h15 Questions & discussions


Session 4 – Le rituel par traces 
Discutante : Simona Cerutti (EHESS, LADEHIS)

15h00 Faire des plans sur la sellette. Figurer les tribunaux du Palais sous l’Ancien Régime - Adrien Pitor (Sorbonne Université, Centre Roland Mousnier)
15h30 Rendre des comptes au XVIe siècle : les pratiques juridictionnelles de la Chambre des comptes de Paris par le prisme des comptabilités urbaines de Touraine - Rémi Demoen (Université de Tours, CESR de Tours)
16h00 Questions & discussion

16h30 Mise en perspective : l’exposition « Filmer les procès » aux Archives nationales, avec Martine Sin Slima-Barru, responsable du Département de l’administration des données aux Archives nationales
17h00 Conclusions - Aurélien Peter (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, IHMC)

More information can be found here.

15 June 2022

JOURNAL: Special issue Jansénisme et droit [eds. Bernard CALLEBAUT, Blandine HERVOUËT, Simon ICARD & Gilles OLIVO], Chroniques de Port-Royal, n° 72 (2022)

 

(image source: fabula)

Presentation:

Depuis la thèse controversée de Lucien Goldmann, un constat sociologique semble faire l’unanimité : si les jansénistes ne furent pas tous juristes, si les juristes ne furent pas tous jansénistes, les milieux jansénistes et juridiques se sont souvent recoupés ou ont entretenu des relations étroites. Ce fait social invite à se poser deux questions, non exclusives l’une de l’autre. Existe-t-il un droit janséniste, c’est-à-dire une conception, une interprétation ou une pratique du droit spécifiquement jansénistes ? Quel rôle ont joué la culture, les doctrines, les controverses juridiques dans l’émergence, le développement et les mutations du jansénisme ? Les contributions du présent ouvrage visent à éclairer les effets juridiques du jansénisme sur les relations Église-État. Ce numéro des Chroniques de Port-Royal regroupe les actes du colloque organisé par la Société des amis de Port-Royal en octobre 2021, sous la direction scientifique de Bernard Callebat, Blandine Hervouët, Simon Icard et Gilles Olivo.

Table of contents:

Actes du colloque Jansénisme et droit

Introduction
Blandine Hervouët et Simon Icard 

Communications

Le modèle du juge dévot dans l’entourage de Port-Royal : L’Idée du bon magistrat en la vie et la mort de M. de Cordes, par Antoine Godeau (1645)
Jean-Benoît Poulle

Remarques sur les origines juridiques de la distinction du fait et du droit
Alberto Frigo

La théorie tardive du juge de Domat : une création des Provinciales ?
Gabriel Regef

« Cette lumière restée à l’homme après sa chute » : conceptions du droit naturel chez Arnauld, Domat et Duguet
Frédérick Vanhoorne

À propos de la réception du bref Cum Nuper (1703) : contestation des parlements et réaction des prélats
Norihiro Morimoto

Un avocat général au parlement de Paris face à l’appel comme d’abus : l’exemple de Pierre Gilbert de Voisins
Louis de Carbonnières

L’Accommodement de 1720 et ses échos dans les sources, de la chancellerie au palais
Isabelle Brancourt

Soanen canoniste
Philipp Stenzig

Quand l’Unigenitus est devenue loi d’État : la déclaration royale du 24 mars 1730 ou faire du dogme une vérité légale
Olivier Andurand

Jansénisme et droit dans le Saint‑Empire : la question de l’Unigenitus dans la principauté-évêché de Liège
Juliette Guilbaud

Le droit matrimonial au synode de Pistoie de 1786 et sa retombée dans la modernité juridique
Bernard Callebat

Les appelants et le droit paroissial
Julien Béchard

Conclusions
Jean-Robert Armogathe

Suppléments au colloque

Les affres du parquet face à l’enregistrement de la bulle Unigenitus en février 1714
Blandine Hervouët

La relation entre l’État et l’Église selon un mémoire, fait en 1731, à la demande du chancelier d’Aguesseau, par Guillaume-François Joly de Fleury
Wolfgang Mager

Varia
Modiano saisi par Port-Royal (L’Horizon)
Jean-Yves Mérindol

In Memoriam

Michel Van Meerbeeck (1954-2022)

Résumés
Abstracts
Informations diverses
Index

Liste des contributeurs

More information on fabula