29 January 2021

BOOK: Kathryn GREENMAN, Anne ORFORD, Anna SAUNDERS & Ntina TZOUVALA (Eds.), Revolutions in International Law - The Legacies of 1917 (Cambridge: CUP, 2021). ISBN 9781108495035, 95.00 GBP


(Source: CUP)

CUP is publishing a new book on the legacies of the 1917 revolution in international law.


In 1917, the October Revolution and the adoption of the revolutionary Mexican Constitution shook the foundations of the international order in profound, unprecedented and lasting ways. These events posed fundamental challenges to international law, unsettling foundational concepts of property, statehood and non-intervention, and indeed the very nature of law itself. This collection asks what we might learn about international law from analysing how its various sub-fields have remembered, forgotten, imagined, incorporated, rejected or sought to manage the revolutions of 1917. It shows that those revolutions had wide-ranging repercussions for the development of laws relating to the use of force, intervention, human rights, investment, alien protection and state responsibility, and for the global economy subsequently enabled by international law and overseen by international institutions. The varied legacies of 1917 play an ongoing role in shaping political struggle in the form of international law.


Kathryn GreenmanUniversity of Technology, Sydney
Kathryn Greenman is Lecturer in the Faculty of Law, University of Technology, Sydney.

Anne OrfordUniversity of Melbourne
Anne Orford is Redmond Barry Distinguished Professor and Michael D. Kirby Chair of International Law at Melbourne Law School. Her publications include Reading Humanitarian Intervention (2003), International Authority and the Responsibility to Protect (2011), and Pensée Critique et Pratique du Droit International (2020).

Anna SaundersHarvard Law School, Massachusetts
Anna Saunders is Frank Knox Memorial Fellow at Harvard Law School and a former Teaching Fellow at Melbourne Law School.

Ntina TzouvalaAustralian National University, Canberra
Ntina Tzouvala is a Senior Lecturer at the College of Law, Australian National University. She is the author of Capitalism as Civilisation: A History of International Law (2020).



1. International law and revolution:

1917 and beyond Kathryn Greenman, Anne Orford, Ntina Tzouvala and Anna Saunders

Part I. Imperialism:

2. Looking eastwards: the Bolshevik theory of imperialism and international law Ntina Tzouvala and Robert Knox

3. Lenin at Nuremberg: anti-imperialism and the juridification of crimes against humanity Amanda Alexander

Part II. Institutions and Orders:

4. Excluding revolutionary states: Mexico, Russia and the League of Nations Alison Duxbury

5. Law, class struggle and nervous breakdowns Mai Taha

6. Microcosm: Soviet constitutional internationality Scott Newton

7. Law and socialist revolution: early Soviet legal theory and practice Owen Taylor

Part III. Intervention:

8. Intervention: sketches from the scenes of the Mexican and Russian Revolutions Dino Kritsiotis

9. Mexican revolutionary constituencies and the Latin American critique of US intervention Juan Pablo Scarfi

10. Mexican post-revolutionary foreign policy and the Spanish Civil War: legal struggles over intervention at the League of Nations Fabia Fernandes Carvalho Veçoso

Part IV. Investment:

11. 1917: property, revolution and rejection in international law Kate Miles

12. 1917 and its implications for the law of expropriation Daria Davitti

13. Contestations over legal authority: the Lena Goldfields Arbitration 1930 Andrea Leiter

14. The Mexican Revolution: alien protection and international economic order Kathryn Greenman

Part V. Rights:

15. 'Animated by the European spirit': European human rights as counterrevolutionary legality Anna Saunders

16. Human Rights, revolution and the 'good society': the Soviet Union and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Jessica Whyte.


More info here

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