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29 November 2019

BOOK: Geoffrey R. STONE and David A. STRAUSS, Democracy and Equality The Enduring Constitutional Vision of the Warren Court (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780190938208, $24.95


(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press has published a new book on the US Supreme Court during Chief Justice Warren’s period.

ABOUT THE BOOK

From 1953 to 1969, the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren brought about many of the proudest achievements of American constitutional law. The Warren declared racial segregation and laws forbidding interracial marriage to be unconstitutional; it expanded the right of citizens to criticize public officials; it held school prayer unconstitutional; and it ruled that people accused of a crime must be given a lawyer even if they can't afford one. Yet, despite those and other achievements, conservative critics have fiercely accused the justices of the Warren Court of abusing their authority by supposedly imposing their own opinions on the nation.

As the eminent legal scholars Geoffrey R. Stone and David A. Strauss demonstrate inDemocracy and Equality, the Warren Court's approach to the Constitution was consistent with the most basic values of our Constitution and with the most fundamental responsibilities of our judiciary. Stone and Strauss describe the Warren Court's extraordinary achievements by reviewing its jurisprudence across a range of issues addressing our nation's commitment to the values of democracy and equality. In each chapter, they tell the story of a critical decision, exploring the historical and legal context of each case, the Court's reasoning, and how the justices of the Warren Court fulfilled the Court's most important responsibilities.

This powerfully argued evaluation of the Warren Court's legacy, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the end of the Warren Court, both celebrates and defends the Warren Court's achievements against almost sixty-five years of unrelenting and unwarranted attacks by conservatives. It demonstrates not only why the Warren Court's approach to constitutional interpretation was correct and admirable, but also why the approach of the Warren Court was far superior to that of the increasingly conservative justices who have dominated the Supreme Court over the past half-century.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Geoffrey R. Stone is the Edward H. Levi Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago. He has served as Dean of the University of Chicago Law School and as Provost of the University of Chicago, and is the author of many books on constitutional law, including Sex and the Constitution and Perilous Times.


David A. Strauss is the Gerald Ratner Distinguished Service Professor of Law and the Faculty Director of the Supreme Court and Appellate Clinic at the University of Chicago. He is the author of many important articles on constitutional law and of the influential book The Living Constitution.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Chapter 1:Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Chapter 2: Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
Chapter 3: Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Chapter 4: Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) Chapter 5: New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) Chapter 6: Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
Chapter 7: Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Chapter 8: Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Chapter 9: Loving v. Virginia (1967) Chapter 10: Katz v. United States (1967) Chapter 11: Shapiro v. Thomson (1969)
Chapter 12: Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
Notes
Bibliography

More information here

BOOK: Hylkje DE JONG, Ἐντολή (Mandatum) in Den Basiliken (Leiden - New York: Brill, 2019). ISBN 978-90-04-41395-5, €94.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill is publishing a book on the law of mandate in Byzantine law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In Ἐντολή (mandatum) in den Basiliken Hylkje de Jong deals with the way the Byzantine jurists of the early period (6th and early 7th century) and later period (11th and 12th century) dealt with the law of mandate as they found this in respectively Justinian’s compilation and in the 9th century Basilica. Commonly characterised as consistent Byzantine dogmatics, the remarks of these Byzantine jurists appear to be in reality individual approaches, coloured by each jurist’s own methodology of interpreting.

Based upon the Basilica texts, the law of mandate is set out thematically: the mandate’s object, the liability of parties, actions, remunerations. De Jong proves convincingly that the Byzantine remarks provide a better understanding of Justinian Roman law. 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Hylkje de Jong, Ph.D. (2008), is Assistant Professor in European Legal History at the VU University Amsterdam. She received a Humboldt Scholarship in 2014 and a Visiting Professorship in 2019 at the University of Vienna. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Vorwort
Inhaltsverzeichnis
Abkürzungsverzeichnis

1. Einleitung
1.1 Der Wert der Basilikenforschung

1.2 Die Wahl des Auftrags
ἐντολή/( mandatum)
1.3 Forschungsstand
1.4 Zielsetzung
1.5 Methodik
1.6 Gang der Untersuchung

2. Das Material
2.1 Mandatum in der Anordnung des Corpus iuris
2.2
Ἐντολή in der Basilikenanordnung
2.3 Die Überlieferung von Basiliken 14,1
2.3.1 Zwei Handschriften (Ca und P)
2.3.2 Analyse der Handschrift Codex Graecus Coislinianus 152
2.3.3 Analyse der Handschrift Codex Parisinus Graecus 1352
2.3.4 Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede der Handschriften
2.4 Vergleich zwischen dem Basilikentext (B. 14,1) und dem Digestentext (D. 17,1)
2.5 Der Aufbau des Scholienapparats zu B 14,1 (Ca)

3. Entstehung und Auflösung des Auftrags
3.1 Die mittelbare Stellvertretung
3.2 Die Bezeichnungen des Auftrags
3.2.1
Ἐντέλ¬λομαι und ἐντολή
3.2.2
Κελεύω und κέλευσις
3.2.3 Der Unterschied zwischen Auftrag (
ἐντολή) und Ermächtigung (κέλευσις)
3.2.4 Das seltsame Verb:
ἐπιτρέπω
3.2.5 Das spätbyzantinische Wort für Auftrag:
προτροπή
3.3 Der Konsens des Auftrags
3.3.1 Die Mutter des byzantinischen Vertragsrechts
3.3.2 Änderung des Konsenses
3.3.3 Die Freiwilligkeit und die Unfreiwilligkeit
3.4 Die Formulierung des Auftrags
3.4.1 Irgendeine Äußerung
3.4.2 Das Nicken und das Dulden
3.5 Das Interesse
3.5.1 Fünf Sachverhalte
3.5.2 Auftrag ausschließlich deinetwegen I
3.5.3 Auftrag ausschließlich deinetwegen II
3.5.4 Die Empfehlung
3.6 Erlöschen auf Seite des Auftraggebers
3.6.1 Der Widerruf
3.6.2 Tod des Auftraggebers
3.7 Erlöschen auf Seite des Auftragnehmers
3.7.1 Die Ausführung
3.7.2 Die Kündigung
3.7.3 Tod des Auftragnehmers
3.8 Zusammenfassung

4. Der Gegenstand
4.1 Die Grenzen des Auftrags
4.2 Die allgemeinen Grenzen des Gegenstands
4.2.1 Änderung des Gegenstands
4.2.2 Verbotener Gegenstand
4.2.3 Der Ermessensspielraum des Auftragnehmers: die Wahl des Gegenstands
4.3 Die spezifischen Grenzen des Gegenstands: Stephanos über D. 17,1,48,2
4.3.1 D. 17,1,48,2 und ( mandatum incertum( in der byzantinistischen Rechtsliteratur
4.3.2 Die
ἀνὴρ ἀγαθός-Theorie: der Unterschied zwischen οἱοσδήποτε und ὃν βούλῃ
4.3.3 Juristische Interpretation:
οἱῳδήποτε
4.3.4 Die Erweiterung des Gebrauchs der technischen Begriffe
4.4 Andere Rechtsgelehrte über D. 17,1,48,2
4.4.1 Enantiophanes’ juristische Interpretation:
ὃν θέλεις
4.4.2 Anonymos’ sprachliche Interpretation:
ὅδε oder ὅστις
4.4.3 Eines anonymen Autors sprachliche Interpretation:
δεῖνα oder ὅστις
4.5 Gibt es im Recht der Basiliken ein mandatum incertum?
4.6 Zusammenfassung

5. Die Haftung
5.1 Dolus, Schuld und Sorgfalt
5.1.1 Die Begriffe
5.1.2 Der Inhalt von
δόλοςdolus)
5.1.3 Der Inhalt von
ῥᾳθυμία und κούλπαculpa)
5.1.4 Der Inhalt von
κακίαculpa)
5.1.5 Der inhalt von
ἐπιμέλειαdiligentia)
5.2 Das Haftungssystem
5.2.1 C. 4,35,13 (B. 14,1,75)
5.2.2 Die byzantinistische Rechtsliteratur
5.2.3 Stephanos’ Verschuldenssystematik
5.2.4
μεγάλη ἀμέλεια und ἄγαν ῥᾳθυμία als δόλος
5.2.5
Πλείων ἐπιμέλεια als ῥᾳθυμία
5.3 Andere Haftungsbegriffe:
ἀπειρίαimperitia), μόρα/ὑπέρθεσιςmora) und ἄγνοιαignorantia)
5.4
Τύχηcasus)
5.5 Zusammenfassung

6. Die Klagen
6.1 Verpflichtungen der Parteien
6.2 Die Eigenschaften der Auftragsklage
6.2.1 Treu und Glauben
6.2.2 Der Inhalt der Auftragsklage
6.2.3 Die Konsequenz der Klage: Ehrlosigkeit
6.3 Weitere Klagen in B. 14,1 (D. 17,1) 6.3.1
φούρτι (actio furti)
6.3.2
οὐτιλία (actio utilis)
6.3.3
ἴμφακτος (actio in factum)
6.3.4
οὐτιλία/ὡσανεὶ ἰνστιτουτορία (actio utilis/quasi institoria)
6.4 Die Klagen bei der Widerruf nach Reue
6.4.1 Der Text B. 14,1,27,1 (D. 17,1,27,1)
6.4.2 Ein anonymer Autor und Kyrillos: die actio mandati
6.4.3 Stephanos und Enantiophanes: die condictio causa data causa non secuta
6.5 Formen der Forderungsabtretung
6.5.1 Notwendige oder gewillkürte Forderungsabtretung
6.5.2
Ἐκχώρησις (cessio) bei eigentlichem Auftrag
6.5.3
Ἐκχώρησις (cessio) bei Mandatbürgschaft
6.5.4
Ἐκχώρησις (cessio) bei Prozeßvertretung
6.6 Wahlrecht des Gläubigers und Einschränkung in Novelle 4 (16. März 535)
6.7 Zusammenfassung

7. Erlaubte Vergütungen
7.1 Die Unentgeltlichkeit des Auftrags
7.2 Die Interpretation von D. 17,1,6pr. und 7
7.2.1 Matheeussens Unterscheidung zwischen
διδόμενον σαλάριον und σαλάριον ὁρισθέν
7.2.2 Drei Argumente gegen Matheeussens Unterscheidung
7.2.3 Stephanos’ Unterschied:
τό ἀντίδωρον und τό σαλάριον
7.2.4 Kein Unterschied:
ὀνοράριον
7.3 Alte und neue Ausdrücke im spätbyzantinischen Recht
7.3.1 Das Vorkommen von
ἀντί¬δωρον
7.3.2 Die Abwesenheit von
σαλάριον
7.3.3 Andere Ausdrücke für
σαλάριον: ὀψώνιον, σιτηρέσιον und δόμα
7.3.4 Der militärische Ursprung von
ὀψώνιον, σιτηρέσιον und δόμα
7.4 Eine Ausnahme in B. 14,1,26,8 (D. 17,1,26,8)?
7.4.1 Der Text und das Problem
7.4.2 B. 14,1,26,8 in der byzantinistischen Rechtsliteratur
7.4.3 Frühbyzantinisches Recht: merces (
μισθός) als „nützliche“ Ausgabe
7.4.4 Spätbyzantinisches Recht:
μισθός als Lohn für μίσθωσιςlocatio conductio)
7.4.5 Spätbyzantinisches Recht:
μισθός als „nützliche“ Ausgabe
7.5 Zusammenfassung

8. Die Sonderprobleme des Auftrags
8.1 Mischung der Themen
8.2 Prokuratorschaft
8.2.1 Prokuratorschaft in den Basiliken (B. 8,2 (D. 3,3 und C. 2,12))
8.2.2 Der Unterschied zwischen dem Prokurator und dem Auftragnehmer
8.3 Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag
8.3.1 Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag in den Basiliken (B. 17,1 (D. 3,5))
8.3.2 Das Erteilen der Auftragsklage und der Geschäftführungsklage
8.3.3 Der Kurator als Auftragnehmer und Geschäftsführer (B. 14,1,22,10)
8.4 Darlehen
8.4.1 Darlehen in den Basiliken (B. 23,1 (D. 12,1 und C. 4,2))
8.4.2 B. 14,1,6,6 (Darlehen) und B. 14,1,10,8 (Auftrag)
8.4.3 B. 14,1,34pr. ( mandatum irregulare) und B. 23,1,15 (D. 12,1,15 (Darlehen))
8.5 (Mandat)Bürgschaft
8.5.1 (Mandat)Bürgschaft in den Basiliken (B. 26,1 (D. 46,1 und C. 8,40))
8.5.2
μανδάτωρ als Kreditauftraggeber
8.5.3 Bürgen in B. 14,1 (D. 17,1) und Bürgen in B. 26,1 (D. 46,1 und C. 8,40)
8.5.4 Verpflichtungen und Bezahlung des Bürgen
8.6 Freikauf des Sklaven
8.6.1 B. 14,1,87 (C. 4,36,1)
8.6.2 Andere Fälle
8.7 Zusammenfassung

9. Charakterisierung von B. 14,1
9.1 Einleitung
9.2 Byzantinisches Recht nach Rechtshistorikern
9.2.1 Forschungsziele der Wissenschaft vom römischen Recht
9.2.2 Rekonstruktion des klassischen römischen Rechts: Albertario
9.2.3 Ableh¬nung der Interpolationenkritik: Kaser
9.2.4 Interpretation dogmatische Lehren und Figuren: Nörr und MacCormack
9.3 Charakter der Antezessorentexte
9.3.1 Die Schulpraxis
9.3.2 Konkretisierung der Begriffe
9.3.3 Dogmatisierung der Konzepte
9.3.4 Systematisierung der Ansätze
9.4 Die Profile der byzantinischen Juristen
9.4.1 Das Fehlen einer einheitlichen byzantinischen Lehre
9.4.2 Kyrillos
9.4.3 Theophilos
9.4.4 Stephanos
9.4.5 Anonymos
9.4.6 Enantiophanes/Enantios
9.4.7 Nomophylax

Appendix
Literaturverzeichnis
Sachregister
Quellenverzeichnis

More info here

BOOK: George PRIEST, The Rise of Law and Economics - An Intellectual History (London: Routledge, 2019). ISBN 9780367339388, £39.99


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing a new intellectual history of law and economics.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This is a history - though, intentionally, a brief history - of the rise of law and economics as a field of thought in the US college and law school academy, though the field has expanded to Europe and South America and will expand further as other legal systems develop.

This book explains the origins of the field and the sources of its growth during its formative period. It describes the intellectual roots of the field, and the field’s relationship to the understanding of the role of the legal system in directing the functioning of the economy. It describes the effect of the Great Depression and the expansion of governmental power on advancing the functional approach. The book then addresses the work of Aaron Director, during the late 1950s, on focusing economic analysis as a means of understanding the effects of the legal and regulatory system on the allocation of resources in the society. Then it turns to the subsequent intellectual founders of the field—Ronald Coase, Guido Calabresi and Richard Posner—and attempts to explain the significance of their work. It also discusses the efforts of Robert Bork and Henry Manne toward the influence of law and economics on public policy. The book ends with the founding of the American Law & Economics Association in 1991.

This is an essential companion of law and economics texts for undergraduate law and economic students and, especially, as a general supplement to first year casebooks for law school students.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

George L. Priest is the Edward J. Phelps Professor of Law and Economics at Yale Law School.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction 2. The Early Development of the Functional Approach to Law 3. The Problems of the Depression and the Broader Acceptance of the Functional Approach to Law 4. The Birth of Modern Law and Economics as a Discipline 5. The Revolutionary Expansion of Law and Economics: Ronald H. Coase 6. Calabresi and the Economic Framework of The Costs of Accidents 7. Law and Economics Made Dominant: Richard A. Posner and Economic Analysis of Law 8. Coase, Calabresi, and Posner Compared 9. The Influence of Law and Economics on Regulation and Antitrust Law 10. Henry Manne and the Popular Expansion of Law and Economics 11. Epilogue: The John M. Olin Foundation and the Founding of the American Law & Economics Association

More information here

28 November 2019

COLLOQIUM: La prohibition de l’esclavage et de la traite des êtres humains (23-24 January 2020, Paris)



We learned of an international colloquium on the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in Paris coming January.

Particulièrement attentatoire à la dignité de l’homme, au même titre que la torture, l’esclavage fait l’objet d’une prohibition relativement ancienne et d’une grande fermeté. Énoncée dans la convention de Genève relative à l’esclavage du 25 septembre 1926, la prohibition absolue de l’esclavage, quelles que soient les circonstances, est reprise dans l’ensemble des déclarations et conventions protectrices des droits de l’homme. Au sein des États, l’abolition est progressive.

Le Pakistan clôt, en 1992, un processus engagé deux siècles auparavant en 1777 (abolition de l’esclavage dans le Vermont). La réduction en esclavage, autrefois rouage de l’économie (traite négrière), est devenue un crime contre l’humanité (art. 7 Statut CPI).

L’esclavage institutionnel n’existe plus, mais il doit désormais être saisi dans sa réalité factuelle afin de lutter efficacement contre tous les trafics et toutes les formes d’exploitation ayant pour objet des êtres humains, hommes, femmes et enfants. Il perdure dans toutes les régions du monde y compris dans ses manifestations les plus archaïques comme en attestent les marchés aux esclaves en Libye et le traitement réservé aux femmes Yézidies par l’État islamique.

L’esclavage est non seulement une réalité contemporaine, mais il est également un amer souvenir de la conquête du monde et de la colonisation par les européens.

Quelles réponses juridiques, quels recours offrir aux victimes de cette pratique odieuse ? Quelle signification revêt ou devrait revêtir l’esclavage sans pour autant diluer la notion en l’appliquant à des situations licites dans certains États (notamment la gestation pour autrui) ? Quelle distinction opérer entre esclavage, servitude, travail forcé et traite ? Quelle valeur possède le consentement de la victime à son exploitation ? Comment affronter l’esclavage dans ses multiples modalités ainsi que dans ses dimensions spatiales et temporelles ?

L’esclavage est une pratique d’hier et d’aujourd’hui. Les plaies du passé peinent à cicatriser ; le ressentiment des descendants d’esclaves demeure vivace. Entre devoir de mémoire et réparation, comment assumer le passé ? Au présent, la lutte contre l’esclavage associe tant les États que les opérateurs privés, en particulier à travers le devoir de vigilance imposé à certaines entreprises multinationales afin d’éviter qu’elles n’entretiennent indirectement le phénomène par leurs filiales ou sous-traitants établis à l’étranger. Le colloque a pour ambition de réfléchir à ces différentes questions et aux réponses qu’elles sont susceptibles de recevoir.

The full conference program can be found here

BOOK: Hugh RIDLEY, Law in West German Democracy (Leiden - New York: Brill, 2019). ISBN 978-90-04-41447-1, €105.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill is publishing a new book on law in Western German society.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Law in West German Democracy relates the history of the Federal Republic of Germany as seen through a series of significant trials conducted between 1947 and 2017, explaining how these trials came to take place, the legal issues which they raised, and their importance to the development of democracy in a country slowly emerging from a murderous and criminal régime. It thus illustrates the central issues of the new republic. If, as a Minister for Justice once remarked, crime can be seen as ‘the reverse image of any political system, the shadow cast by the social and economic structures of the day’, it is natural to use court cases to illuminate the eventful history of the Federal Republic’s first seventy years.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Hugh Ridley, Ph.D., Dr. h.c. (Essen), MRIA. Emeritus Professor of German at University College Dublin. Author of books on Thomas Mann, Gottfried Benn, US-German literary relations, Darwinism, Richard Wagner and European colonial literature.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations

Introduction: The Historical Situation of Law in the Federal Republic
 1 Politics and the Law
 2 The Centrality of Law after the Collapse of 1945
 3 Institutional Structures in German Law: Basic Law and the Federal Constitutional Court
 4 Statute Rather Than Common Law
 5 Anomalies in a Changing Legal Code
 6 History and the Law in the Federal Republic

The Trial of Friedrich Flick
 1 Understanding the ns State
 2 Who Was Flick and on What Charges Did He Appear?
 3 Legal Issues
 4 The Sentence
 5 Assessing the Verdict
 6 The Repercussions of the Flick Trial

Adjusting the Political Landscape: Banning the kpd
 1 The Banning of Political Parties
 2 Outlawing the kpd
 3 The Deliberations of the BVerfG
 4 The Legal Consequences of the Ban
 5 Reflections on Constitutional Courts and Politics

The Lüth Case – at What Price Freedom of Expression?
 1 The Starting-Point: Artists and Nazism
 2 The Call for a Boycott
 3 The Decision of the BVerfG
 4 Repercussions

Four Murders, and Reflections on Court-Reporting in the Federal German Press
 1 Reporting the Law
 2 Precedents in Weimar
 3 The Federal Republic
 4 A Routine Murder
 5 Rosemarie Nitribitt
 6 Two Women in Court
 7 Hetzel’s Campaign for a Retrial
 8 Conclusions

Personal Matters in Court: Homosexuality and Abortion
 1 The Legacy of the Past
 2 Post-War Shifts of Policy
 3 The Frankfurt Homosexual Trials
 4 § 218 in the Federal Republic
 5 ‘It’s Not You, Doctor, Who Have Offended Me, but the Judges’
 6 The Campaign against § 218 Moves Forward
 7 The Last Razzia

The Spiegel Affair
 1 The Dimensions of the Affair
 2 Old Antagonisms
 3 The Principal Legal Issue: Military Secrecy
 4 A Brief Consideration of the BVerfG Judgment

The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial
 1 At Last the Silence Is Broken
 2 The Implications of the Eichmann Trial
 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau
 4 Preparing for the Trial
 5 Gathering Momentum
 6 A New Type of Trial
 7 Individual Moments from the Proceedings
 8 Sentencing and Final Considerations
 9 Final Comments

The 1970s: The Campaign against Radicals – Ideology Becomes the Crime
 1 Prologue
 2 Background to the 1970s
 3 The Legal Basis of the Berufsverbot
 4 Three Individual Cases
 5 The Legal Issues
 6 The BVerfG Judgment
 7 Dissenting Judges
 8 Final Thoughts

Chasing after Sympathizers – Threats to the Rule of Law
 1 Reactions to an Act of Terror
 2 An Unwanted Requiem
 3 Sympathizing with Terror?
 4 The Knives Come Out
 5 A Chequered History of Controlling Free Speech

10 The Rub of the Green – a Range of Environmental Cases
 1 Historical Prologue
 2 Environmental Protection in the Federal Republic
 3 Violence among the Trees
 4 Chemical Pollution – ‘Everyone the Loser’
 5 Reflections on a Small Victory for the Environment
 6 Problems of Atomic Power: Atomkraft? Nein Danke

11 Danger from the Right
 1 Post-heroic Law
 2 Ten Murders
 3 The Origins of Racist Violence
 4 The Role of the Extreme Right
 5 Institutional Failures
 6 Back to the Crimes
 7 Problems with the Trial
 8 The Trial

Appendix: Background Notes
Bibliography
Index 

More information here

27 November 2019

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international XXI (2019), No. 3

(image source: Brill)

Resolving the Misunderstood Historical Order: A Korean Perspective on the Historical Tributary Order in East Asia (Si Jin Oh)
Abstract:
Regarding the historical East Asian order, previous studies appear to have emphasized Chinese and Japanese perspectives, and this academic phenomenon seems to have contributed to solidifying a misunderstanding. This study attempts to present a Korean perspective providing different points of view that challenge previous perspectives on the legal status of Korea in the nineteenth century. One of the critical misunderstandings about the historical relationship between China and Korea is that of vassalage. However, such an analogy is misleading. The East Asian international normative order, which was based on Li, is a particular order that requires a separate treatment. The nature of the tributary order would not necessarily impair sovereignty if it were possible to project and apply the classical international law of the nineteenth century. As the policy of Dongdoseogi represents, however, Korea once seemed to have preferred to maintain the two normative systems simultaneously.
From Swords to Words: the Intersection of Geopolitics and Law, and the Subtle Expansion of International Law in the Consolidation of the Independence of the Latin American Republics (Nicolas Carillo-Santarelli & Carolina Olarte-Bácares)
Abstract:
 Looking at successive chronological stages in the development from the de facto independence of former Spanish colonies towards their first timid recognition by the United Kingdom and their later full acceptance as states by the Spanish monarchy, this article examines several factors that indicate that pragmatism, motivated by political and economic reasons, was the defining element that persuaded different European powers to grant recognition to the nascent States in a historical era in which such recognition was essential for statehood. Those Latin American Republics likewise benefited from British recognition and the later definitive recognition of Spain and other European powers, bending the limits of the law then existing with dynamics based on the principle of effectiveness coupled with certain legitimacy considerations, which have been present throughout history, including the present.
Divide and Then Preside: the Dilemma of the First Asian President of the Permanent Court of International Justice in the Age of Empires: a Review Essay on Yanagihara Masaharu and Shinohara Hatsue Eds, Adachi Mineichirō (2017)
Abstract:
Adachi Mineichirō was the first non-European and the first Asian President of the Permanent Court of International Justice (1931–1934). This review article introduces the first substantial study of Adachi, focusing on his path of ‘becoming’ one of a few leading international jurists with non-Euro-American backgrounds in his period. This review essay demonstrates that by examining this Japanese diplomat and jurist, the book, written in Japanese, contributes to the debates on the history of international law in two significant ways. First, it reveals the fundamental issues in the development of the international judicial system, namely the nature of international jurists, empires and the principle of the equality of national sovereignty, and the significance of the roles of non-Euro-American actors in shaping the system. Secondly, it demonstrates the necessity of the inter-disciplinary collaboration between international law, international history and specific regional and national history, as well as methodological challenges in evaluating the historical development of the system.
Book reviews.

Read more with Brill.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

26 November 2019

CONFERENCE: “Le Risorse naturali come patrimonio collettive dell’umanita” (Tarquinia – Italy, 14 December 2019)




We learned of a conference on the theme “Le risorse naturali come patrimonio collettivo dell’uamnità” by the Societa Tarquiniense d’Arte e Storia.

Il proposito della II Riunione Scientifica della Società Tarquiniense d’Arte Storia è quello di costituire un luogo di riflessione interdisciplinare su un tema, quale quello dei Beni Comuni, che sta occupando le attenzioni dell’intera comunità scientifica mondiale, secondo le fondazioni epistemologiche proprie di ogni ambito disciplinare. Il punto di partenza imprescindibile del Congresso sarà la Terra considerata non solamente come un bene economico suscettibile di circolazione e appropriazione privata, ma soprattutto come un patrimonio identitario, storico, artistico e culturale sul quale riposano la storia e i valori di una determinata comunità. Tale constatazione presuppone una antropologia completamente diversa rispetto a quello che più caratterizza la cultura post-moderna, dominata dal mito dell’individualismo e della proprietà privata assoluta e illimitata. Infatti, la percezione dei beni naturali come beni comuni e collettivi significa riconoscere che il rapporto tra l’uomo e l’ambiente non può essere esaurito nelle logiche perverse dell’efficienza e dell’utilitarismo, altresì richiede l’apertura alla logica relazionale della giustizia, della solidarietà e del dono gratuito che una volta ricevuto viene trasmesso alle generazioni future. La valorizzazione dell’ambiente come patrimonio culturale, sociale e identitario ha incontrato negli ultimi anni l’interesse delle più diverse espressioni del mondo accademico. In Italia, uno dei momenti più alti è stato raggiunto con la introduzione della categoria giuridica dei Domini collettivi attraverso la Legge n. 168 del 2017 che ha riconosciuto la rilevanza costituzionale della proprietà collettiva come patrimonio originario di una comunità. A livello internazionale, l’espressione più significativa di questa rinnovata visione sulle risorse naturali è rappresentata dalla teoria dei Commons, definizione assai ampia che identifica - senza voler qui dare definizioni limitative - tutti quei beni che assumono una funzione essenziale alla vita e allo sviluppo dell’uomo e della Comunità. Accanto al mondo “laico”, recentemente anche la Chiesa ha mostrato un crescente interesse per i Beni Comuni che ha raggiunto il suo acme sotto il pontificato di Papa Francesco con la Enciclica Laudato si del 24 maggio 2015 e ancor più recentemente con il Sinodo amazzonico ove è possibile apprezzare una notevole apertura alle tematiche più attuali e pressanti legate all’ambiente. Ecco pertanto la scommessa del presente convegno che vuole favorire il dialogo tra Fede e Scienza sul futuro del pianeta e sul modo di comprendere la relazione tra questi e l’uomo. Su questo sentiero cronologico e tematico ideale la giornata di studi si apre alla riflessione di Storici, Teologi, Giuristi, Economisti, Filosofi e Sociologi riuniti a Tarquinia per discutere le seguenti questioni: 1. La dimensione economico-giuridica dei beni comuni 2. La dimensione storico-culturale dei beni comuni 3. La dimensione teologica dei beni comuni Al termine del convegno verranno, inoltre, presentati gli Atti del I Congresso nazionale sui domini collettivi celebrato presso la Società Tarquiniense d’Arte e Storia lo scorso 8 giugno 2019.

The full programme of the conference can be found here

CALL FOR PAPERS: Workshop “Recht im transnationalen Raum: Grenzüberschreitende Biographien in der Rechtsgeschichte im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert” (Berlin, 19-20 March 2020) (DEADLINE: 20 December 2019)


(Source: H/Soz/Kult)

We learned of a call for papers for a workshop in Berlin on the theme of „Recht im transnationalen Raum: Grenzüberschreitende Biographien in der Rechtsgeschichte im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert“.

Wer transnationale Geschichte(n) schreiben möchte, steht vor vielen Herausforderungen. Wie kann man der Vielzahl an Akteuren, institutionellen Querverbindungen und strukturellen Einflüssen Herr werden und ein kohärentes Narrativ daraus stricken? Biographien sind eine Möglichkeit, Forschung zu transnationalen Netzwerken oder Institutionen zu operationalisieren. Sie helfen, die Standpunkte der Diskussionsteilnehmer/innen zu historisieren, ihre Debatten zu kontextualisieren und historischen Wandel von Normen in ihrem lokalen Kontext zu erklären. [...]“

The full call can be found on H-Soz-Kult


25 November 2019

CALL FOR PAPERS: Historicization of International Law and its Limits: Preconditions, Modes and Legacies (Dornburg, 4-5 June 2020) (DEADLINE: 31 January 2020)



Historiographical debates about international law have been flourishing in the international legal literature over the last two decades. Following what international lawyers described as a ‘turn to history’ – and which is probably better understood as a turn to historiography –, it has become common for international lawyers to discourse and theorize about the specific forms and the meanings provided to the past and the ways in which such a past is created and organized by international lawyers. Such prolific historiographical debates have led to a wealth of new histories and counter-histories of international law. Being mostly produced in circles deemed (or self-labelled as) critical, this new body of literature has been promptly portrayed as an offspring of critical legal thought. Indeed, many international lawyers have considered that the historical turn constituted a natural continuation of the linguistic turn and the rise of critical thought witnessed a few decades earlier in international legal scholarship. And yet, the recent interest in the history of international law is no monopoly of (critical) international lawyers. Mention must be made of the growing interest for global histories among historians.

This workshop is premised on the idea that a continuity between critical thought and critical history is far from obvious and that it remains unclear whether all the new histories and counter histories produced after the ‘turn to history’ can be appropriately called critical. Arguably, their disruptive nature is compromised because they have all remained articulated around the same European markers and figures. Questioning the kinship between critical thought and the turn to history in international law allows this workshop to take a hard look at the ‘critical’ character of the new histories and counter-histories of international law. The aim of this workshop is to shed a new light on the historicization of international law and its limits. To that end, participants are invited to reflect on the preconditions, modes and legacies of the ‘turn to historiography’.  

Particular attention will be paid to the interaction between the turn to history and post-colonial studies, in particular the works of scholars affiliated with the so-called ‘Third World Approaches to International Law’ (TWAIL). The legacy of the historical turn cannot be evaluated independently from TWAIL engagements with the history of international law. The workshop will be held in an informal setting with a group of 15-20 participants, enabling open and mutually stimulating discussions. The questions of particular interest include (but are not limited to): − The genealogy between the linguistic turn to the turn to history in international law − The move from theory to the history of international law − The distinct generations of engagements with history among international lawyers − The genealogy between the linguistic turn, TWAIL and the turn to history − The methodological challenges associated with the writing of critical histories − The possibility of new modes of critique − The use of global history − The use of micro-histories and macro-histories, narratives and counter-narratives, local impact − The role of aporias, fundamental assumptions, ‘positionality’ of historicization, agendas of historicization − The challenge of ‘anachronism’ − The modes of historicization of TWAIL vs. other modes of historicization in international law

Submissions: Interested scholars should submit an abstract of no more than 800 words by 31 January 2020. Abstracts should contain the title of the paper, as well as the name, title and affiliation of the author(s). Please send abstracts and a CV including a list of publications to susanne.prater@uni-jena.de. If you wish to discuss topics or ideas informally, please thomas.kleinlein@uni-jena.de and/or jean.daspremont@sciencespo.fr. Speakers will be informed by 15 February 2020 whether or not their paper has been accepted.

Venue: The workshop will be held in the Old Castle in Dornburg/Thuringia (Altes Schloss von Dornburg, 25 min from Jena) on 4 and 5 June 2020. Travel and accommodation expenses will be covered on the basis of the Thuringia public-sector regulations governing travel expenses.

Timeline: Abstract submission by: 31 January 2020 Selection of papers by: 15 February 2020 Workshop: 4–5 June 2020

The call can also be found here

BOOK: Grant CHRISTENSEN and Melissa L. TATUM, eds., Reading American Indian Law Foundational Principles (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108726481, £ 27.99



Cambridge University Press has published a new book containing seminal articles on American Indian law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

The study of American Indian law and policy usually focuses on federal statutes and court decisions, with these sources forming the basis for most textbooks. Virtually ignored is the robust and growing body of scholarly literature analyzing and contextualizing these primary sources. Reading American Indian Law is designed to fill that void. Organized into four parts, this book presents 16 of the most impactful law review articles written during the last three decades. Collectively, these articles explore the core concepts underlying the field: the range of voices including those of tribal governments and tribal courts, the role property has played in federal Indian law, and the misunderstandings between both people and sovereigns that have shaped changes in the law. Structured with flexibility in mind, this book may be used in a wide variety of classroom settings including law schools, tribal colleges, and both graduate and undergraduate programs.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Grant ChristensenUniversity of North Dakota

Grant Christensen is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of North Dakota, an Affiliated Professor of American Indian Studies, and an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. He is the author of American Indians: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives (2017).
Melissa L. TatumUniversity of Arizona

Melissa L. Tatum is Research Professor of Law at the University of Arizona. She has served on the Southwest Intertribal Court of Appeals and has edited multiple volumes of tribal court opinions including for the Navajo Nation and the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. She is the author of Indigenous Justice: New Tools, Approaches, and Spaces (2018), Law, Culture & Environment (2014), and Structuring Sovereignty: Constitutions and Native Nations (2014).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Editor and contributor biographies
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Part I. Core Concepts:
1. Marshalling past and present: colonization, constitutionalism, and interpretation in federal Indian law, 107 Harvard Law Review 381 (1993) Philip P. Frickey
2. The algebra of federal Indian law: the hard trail of decolonizing and Americanizing the white man's jurisprudence, 1986 Wisconsin Law Review 219 (1986) Robert A. Williams, Jr
3. Red: racism and the American Indian, 56 UCLA Law Review 591 (2009) Bethany R. Berger
4. (Tribal) sovereignty and illiberalism, 95 California Law Review 799 (2007) Angela R. Riley
Part II. Voices:
5. 'Life comes from it': Navajo justice concepts, 24 New Mexico Law Review 175 (1994) Robert Yazzie
6. Tribal court praxis: one year in the life of twenty Indian tribal courts, 22 American Indian Law Review 285 (1998) Nell Jessup Newton
7. Beyond Indian law: the Rehnquist Court's pursuit of states' rights, color-blind justice and mainstream values, 86 Minnesota Law Review 267 (2001) David H. Getches
8. A narrative of sovereignty: illuminating the paradox of the domestic dependent nation, 83 Oregon Law Review 1109 (2005) Sarah Krakoff
Part III. Property:
9. Sovereignty and property, 86 Northwestern University Law Review 1 (1991) Joseph William Singer
10. The legacy of allotment, 27 Arizona State Law Journal 1 (1995) Judith V. Royster
11. A common law for our age of colonialism: the judicial divestiture of Indian tribal authority over nonmembers, 109 Yale Law Journal 1 (1999) Philip P. Frickey
12. In defense of property, 118 Yale Law Journal 1022 (2009) Kristen A. Carpenter, Sonia K. Katyal and Angela R. Riley
Part IV. (Mis)Understandings:
13. Dependent sovereigns: Indian tribes, states, and the federal courts, 56 University of Chicago Law Review 671 (1989) Judith Resnik
14. There is no federal Supremacy Clause for Indian Tribes, 34 Arizona State Law Journal 113 (2002) Robert N. Clinton
15. American Indians, crime, and the law, 104 Michigan Law Review 709 (2006) Kevin K. Washburn
16. Factbound and splitless: the Certiorari process as barrier to justice for Indian tribes, 51 Arizona Law Review 933 (2009) Matthew L. M. Fletcher.

More information here

CALL FOR PAPERS: Max Planck Law – Forum Latin American Workshop MPIeR (Bogota/Buenos Aires, 30 March 2020/3 April 2020) (DEADLINE: 2 February 2020)



We learned of a call for papers for a workshop of the Forum Latin America of the Max Planck Law Network. Here the call:

Overview:

The 'Forum Latin America' is part of the Max Planck Law network, which brings together the 11 institutes of the Max Planck Society dedicated to research in different areas of law. The objective of the Forum Latin America is to highlight the research of these institutes and to generate opportunities for academic exchange between Germany and Latin America.

Over the past 10 years, the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (MPIeR) has been developing lines of research on the various forms of production and transformation of normative knowledge that converged in the context of the Iberian worlds. This includes textual forms of production, translation and circulation of normative knowledge, the presence of pragmatic knowledge used in secular and religious fields, a wide range of normative forms of production (including both moral theology and legal doctrine) as well as implicit knowledge, traditions, belief systems, conventions and local customs. In this sense, legal knowledge is considered a form of normative knowledge that exists within a complex constellation of normativities. These lines of research traverse the different collective projects carried out by the MPIeR: Glocalising Normativities: A Global Legal History, Salamanca School, and Historical Dictionary of Canon Law in Latin America and the Philippines, among others.

Workshop:
The main objective of the workshop is to offer participants an academically engaging space of encounter and discussion on the history of law as a history of these normative constellations. We seek to foster personal and institutional contacts among the academic community and to foster scientific collaboration among participants.

The call is open to all researchers who are developing related work in these fields from a variety of different disciplinary perspectives, such as history (sociocultural, church, intellectual, crime, etc.), ethnohistory, the history of law, theology, historical anthropology or legal sociology. Particularly interesting will be research that demonstrates a broad and well-documented view of the object of study and that sheds light on the rich and complex relationships between different geographical areas, cultures, legal schools and historiographic traditions.

Applications must be submitted by 2 February 2020 to Agustín Casagrande lsforum@rg.mpg.de
For more information about the event in Bogotá, please contact Pilar Mejía: mejia@rg.mpg.de
For more information about the event in Buenos Aires, contact Manuel Bastias Saavedra bastias@rg.mpg.de

More info, as well as the full call, can be found here

22 November 2019

BOOK: Thomas J. MCSWEENEY, Priests of the Law Roman Law and the Making of the Common Law’s First Professionals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780198845454, £70.00


(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press is publishing a new book on the first legal professionals in the common law (focused on the 13th century).

ABOUT THE BOOK

Priests of the Law tells the story of the first people in the history of the common law to think of themselves as legal professionals. In the middle decades of the thirteenth century, a group of justices working in the English royal courts spent a great deal of time thinking and writing about what it meant to be a person who worked in the law courts. This book examines the justices who wrote the treatise known as Bracton. Written and re-written between the 1220s and the 1260s, Bracton is considered one of the great treatises of the early common law and is still occasionally cited by judges and lawyers when they want to make the case that a particular rule goes back to the beginning of the common law. This book looks to Bracton less for what it can tell us about the law of the thirteenth century, however, than for what it can tell us about the judges who wrote it.

The judges who wrote Bracton - Martin of Pattishall, William of Raleigh, and Henry of Bratton - were some of the first people to work full-time in England's royal courts, at a time when there was no recourse to an obvious model for the legal professional. They found one in an unexpected place: they sought to clothe themselves in the authority and prestige of the scholarly Roman-law tradition that was sweeping across Europe in the thirteenth century, modelling themselves on the jurists of Roman law who were teaching in European universities. In Bracton and other texts they produced, the justices of the royal courts worked hard to ensure that the nascent common-law tradition grew from Roman Law. Through their writing, this small group of people, working in the courts of an island realm, imagined themselves to be part of a broader European legal culture. They made the case that they were not merely servants of the king: they were priests of the law.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Thomas J. McSweeney, Professor of Law, William & Mary Law School
Thomas J. McSweeney is Professor of Law at William & Mary Law School. He earned his J.D. and Ph.D. in history at Cornell University.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1: Setting the Stage
2: Law as Text
3: Thinking About Law
4: From Classroom to Courtroom
5: Cases and the Dialectic
6: The Genres of Authority
7: A New Plea Roll for a New Audience
8: An End or a Beginning?
Appendix: Writing the Note Book

More info here

21 November 2019

CALL FOR ARTICLES: Comparative Legal History (Routledge/ESCLH)


(image source: ESCLH)

Comparative Legal History is an international and comparative review of law and history. It was established in 2013, and it is the official journal of the European Society for Comparative Legal History.

The Journal welcomes articles, which explore 'internal' legal history (doctrinal and disciplinary developments in the law) or 'external' legal history (legal ideas and institutions in wider contexts). Rooted in the complexity of the various Western legal traditions worldwide, the articles can also investigate other laws and customs from around the globe. Comparisons may be either temporal or geographical, and both legal and other law-like normative traditions will be considered.
Scholarship on comparative and trans-national historiography, including trans-disciplinary approaches, is particularly welcome.

For further information on how to submit, see https://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?show=aimsScope&journalCode=rclh2

BOOK: Volker UNVERFEHRT, Die Sächsische Läuterung : Entstehung, Wandel Und Werdegang Bis Ins 17. Jahrhundert [Studien Zur Europäischen Rechtsgeschichte 317] (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 2019). ISBN 978-3-465-04388-1, 79 EUR



Klostermann is publishing a new book on the institution of 'Läuterung' in Saxon courts.

ABOUT THE BOOK

The operation of and role played by legal institutions in the past is often not clear at first glance. This applies even more to those institutions no longer extant today, such as the Saxon 'Läuterung' (clarification review), which can be traced back to medieval German legal practice and ends only in 1877/1879 with the German Reichsjustizgesetze. Last used as a legal remedy, earlier forms of 'Läuterung' still point to their predominant use as a mere declaration of judgment. This study is devoted to showing the reasons for the emergence, change and longevity of the institution of 'Läuterung', which was practiced in the Saxon courts over the course of several centuries.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Vorwort | IX
A. Einleitung
B. Forschungsstand
C. Gegenstand der Bearbeitung; Methode und Zielsetzung
D. Entwicklungen des gerichtlichen Verfahrens /geschichtlicher Hintergrund
I. Prozess und Gerichtsverfassung im hoch- bis spätmittelalterlichen Sachsen | 22
II. Die Entwicklung des frühneuzeitlichen sächsischen Prozesses | 35
III. Der Prozess nach dem römisch-kanonischen Recht | 41
IV. Besonderheiten des gemeinen sächsischen Prozesses | 63
E. Die Läuterung ca. ab der Mitte des 16. und im 17. Jahrhundert
I. Voraussetzungen für die Einlegung der Läuterung | 70
II. Die Wirkung der Läuterung und das Verfahren nach ihrer Einlegung | 73
III. Inhalt des Läuterungsbegehrens / Begründung der Läuterung | 74
IV. Die Entscheidung über die Läuterung | 121
V. Die »Erklärung« als Resultat der Läuterung | 123
VI. De abusu leuterationum – Vom Missbrauch der Läuterung | 146
VII. Zusammenfassung | 152
F. Die Läuterung ca. ab der Mitte des 15. bis zum Beginn
I. Die Läuterung des Schöenspruchs | 159
II. Die Läuterung des Parteivorbringens | 180
III. Zulässigkeit der Läuterung / prozessuale Wirkung | 197
IV. Allgemeine Charakterzüge der Läuterung | 202
V. Zeitliche Einordnung / Entwicklungslinien | 206
VI. Gründe für die Entwicklung der Läuterung zum Rechtsmittel | 217
VII. Zusammenfassung | 239
G. De origine leuterationis – Vom Ursprung der Läuterung
I. Mögliche Gründe für die spärliche Quellenlage zur Läuterung vor 1450 | 243
II. Bisherige Theorien zum Ursprung der Läuterung | 249
III. Weitere Überlegungen zum Ursprung der Läuterung | 263
IV. Zusammenfassung | 284
H. Gesamtbetrachtung
I. Erste Phase: Etwa bis in die erste Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts | 287
II. Zweite Phase: Erste Hälfte bis Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts - die Läuterung als Auslegungsstreit über den Inhalt des Erstspruchs | 288
III. Dritte Phase: Ca. Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts bis zum Ende des Untersuchungszeitraums – die Läuterung als Rechtsmittel | 289
Abkürzungsverzeichnis
Quellen
Literatur
Lexika / Wörterbücher / Nachschlagewerke
Gerichts-, Prozess- und Landesordnungen (chronologisch)


More info here

20 November 2019

JOURNAL : Clio@Themis (Issue 17 – Dossier : Argent et marchandises en voyage. Histoire juridique et financière (XIIIe-XXe siècle))


(Source: Clio@Themis)

We learned of the publication of the latest issue of the e-journal Clio@Themis. Here the table of contents:

Sommaire du numéro

LUISA BRUNORI ET XAVIER PRÉVOST
Argent et marchandises en voyage saisis par le droit
DAVID KUSMAN
Compter l’argent qui circule en barils : Les capitaux anglais dans les anciens Pays-Bas durant la campagne diplomatique et militaire d’Édouard Ier Plantagenêt contre Philippe Le Bel (1294-1297)
CÉLINE DRAND
Les lettres de voiture dans les ouvrages de l’ancien droit français (XVIe - XVIIIe siècle)
VICTOR SIMON
La commission de transport (XVIe -XXe siècle) : aux origines d’une qualification incertaine
ÉRIC ROULET
Aspects logistiques, financiers et juridiques du trafic vers les Petites Antilles françaises dans la première moitié du XVIIe siècle
BENOÎT SAINT-CAST
« À la garde de Dieu et à la conduite du voiturier » Recours et litiges face aux aléas du transport de marchandises (Lyon, milieu XVIIe s.-XVIIIe s.)
VICTOR LEBRETON-BLON
Le voyage retour de l’argent : la notion de rechange chez les juristes de la seconde modernité

More info here

19 November 2019

BOOK: Wim DECOCK, Le marché du mérite. Penser le droit et l'économie avec Léonard Lessius (Paris: Zones Sensibles, 2019), 245 p. ISBN 9782930601410, € 19

(image source: Zones Sensibles)

Book abstract:
Comprendre la genèse de l’économie moderne nécessite un retour à ses fondements théologiques. Plus d’un siècle après la parution de L’Éthique protestante et l’esprit du capitalisme, l’enquête de Max Weber reste en effet inachevée. Le Marché du mérite revisite l’héritage de l’un des protagonistes de l’histoire de la pensée économique tout en élucidant ses origines juridico-théologiques. Dans un contexte marqué par la mondialisation des échanges, l’essor des places boursières et de profonds bouleversements politico-religieux, le jésuite Léonard Lessius (1554-1623) fera figure d’« Oracle des Pays-Bas » parmi les marchands, banquiers et princes qui cherchaient à s’orienter dans ce Nouveau Monde. Son principal ouvrage, Sur la justice et le droit, deviendra rapidement un livre de référence en raison de sa fine maîtrise de la technique juridique et de la lucidité de ses analyses économiques (spéculation, subprimes, assurances, information et marché, monopoles, investissements, prêts, risques…). Si le marché n’a pas pour vocation de transformer le monde en marchandises ni l’homme en esclave d’une soif matérialiste, Lessius, comme ses collègues théologiens de l’École de Salamanque, encourage néanmoins l’effort, la prudence et l’industrie, autant de vertus aptes à libérer un marché basé sur le mérite.
Table of contents:
 1. L’« Oracle des Pays-Bas » 2. L’ombre de Max Weber 3. Pactum serva 4. Usure et marché 5. Information et spéculation 6. Risques, assurances et subprimes 7. Monopoles et industrie 8. Le salut de l’économie 9. L’économie du salut 10. Occupation et ascétisme Notes Index Remerciements
On the author:
Wim Decock est professeur d’histoire du droit aux universités de Leuven (KU Leuven) et de Liège (ULiège). Il est également l’auteur de Theologians and Contract Law. The Moral Transformation of the Ius Commune, ca. 1500-1650 (Brill/Nijhoff, 2013).
More information with the publisher.

JOB: Postdoctoral Researcher – Law and the Uses of the Past (University of Helsinki) (DEADLINE: 15 December 2019)



We learned that the University of Helsinki has an open position for a postdoctoral researcher in its “Law and the Uses of the Past” project. Here the call:

The University of Helsinki is the oldest and largest institution of academic education in Finland, an international scientific community of 40,000 students and researchers. In international university rankings, the University of Helsinki typically ranks among the top 100. The University of Helsinki seeks solutions for global challenges and creates new ways of thinking for the best of humanity. Through the power of science, the University has contributed to society, education and welfare since 1640.

The Faculty of Social Sciences is Finland’s leading research and education institution in the social sciences and also the most diverse in terms of its disciplines. In several research fields the Faculty belongs to the top 50 in the international rankings. The Faculty has a strong international profile both in research and teaching programmes. The number of academic staff stands at 450. Each year the faculty awards some 350 Bachelor’s degrees, 400 Master’s degrees, and more than 40 doctoral degrees. For more information on the Faculty of Social Sciences, please visit www.helsinki.fi/en/faculty-of-social-sciences.

The Faculty of Social Sciences invites applications for the position of
POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHER

for a two-year fixed term period from 1 January 2020 onwards (or as agreed) to contribute to the subproject Law and the Uses of the Past of the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Law, Identity and the European Narratives (EuroStorie, www.eurostorie.org).

The CoE is a part of the interdisciplinary Centre of European Studies. The purpose of the CoE is to launch a new, third generation inquiry that critically explores the emergence of narratives of Europe as responses to the crises of the twentieth century and how these narratives have shaped the ideas of justice and community in Europe. It studies the foundational stories that underlie the contested idea of a shared European heritage in law and culture, such as the ideas of rule of law, equality, tolerance, pluralism and the rejection of totalitarianism, and their relevance for current debates on identity and history.

In this context, the subproject Law and the Uses of the Past will study the emergence of the idea of a shared legal past in Europe as a key to future integration. The main purpose of the subproject is to explore the transformation of the self-understanding and the history of law in Europe, from the interwar years to the post-war integration. Central themes are, in addition to the notion of a shared past, the rise of European integration, Transatlantic links in legal scholarship and the emergence of human rights thought. As such, the subproject will focus on literature study and archival research with respect to a number of crucial thinkers in the historical development of a European legal past. Experience in conducting archival research and an expertise in any of the native languages of these thinkers is a plus.

An appointee to the position must hold a doctoral degree in a relevant field of (legal) history, political science, or equivalent. Moreover, he or she is expected to have the ability to conduct independent scientific research and possess the teaching skills required for the position. The period following the completion of doctoral degree must not exceed five years, excluding family leave and equivalent periods of absence. An appointee must be able to provide a clear contribution to the theme of the CoE and to its general development, together with full-time researchers, postdocs, visiting faculty, Ph.D. students, and graduate students working as research assistants. To fulfil the research requirements of the position, the applicant chosen is expected to be physically present on a regular basis and actively participate in the research and teaching activities of the CoE. An appointee is expected to contribute 2 months of the annual work time to joint projects at the CoE, develop her/his own and our common research agenda, and contribute to collective academic tasks such as teaching, seminars and joint academic papers. The teaching requirement is 5% of working time.

The annual gross salary range will be approx. 41,000 – 50,000 euros, depending on the appointee’s qualifications and experience. In addition, occupational healthcare will be provided. The employment contract will include a probationary period of six months.

Applicants are requested to enclose with their applications the following documents in English as a single pdf file:

1) A curriculum vitae (max 4 pages).
2) A numbered list of publications on which the applicant has marked in bold her or his five key publications to be considered during the review. (You do not need to send copies of the publications themselves.)
3) A statement (max 2 pages) outlining how the applicant’s expertise could contribute both to research conducted at the CoE and to this specific subproject.
4) A research plan (max 6 pages) with an outline of how the study would contribute to the SP1 aims.
Please submit your application through the University of Helsinki Recruitment System via the link Apply for job. Applicants who are employees of the University of Helsinki are requested to submit their application via the SAP HR portal.
Further information about the position, and about the research theme Law and the Uses of the Past, may be obtained (in English and Finnish) from Dr. Kaius Tuori (kaius.tuori@helsinki.fi).
In case you need support with the recruitment system, please contact recruitment@helsinki.fi.

Due date
15.12.2019 23:59 EET

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BOOK: Emmanuel VIVET, ed., Landmark Negotiations from Around the World - Lessons for Modern Diplomacy (Mortsel: Intersentia, 2019). ISBN 9781780688510, €39


(Source: Intersentia)

Intersentia has published a new book on landmark negotiations from around the world.

ABOUT THE BOOK

History is a source of education and insight for modern diplomacy. Through time, this book analyses 30 famous negotiations from around the World: from Roman Republic peace talks to the Philadelphia Convention, the Congress of Vienna and the first UK embassy in China, through two World Wars, as well as more recent examples such as the Iran Security Council resolutions and the Trump negotiations in Korea, just to name a few.

Landmark Negotiations from Around the World brings together the subject areas of history and negotiation studies. It focuses on their overlap and analyses past and present negotiations, applying the latest concepts of negotiation studies: a summary of each negotiation focusing on the chain of events is followed by a critical analysis cross-referencing the facts to modern negotiation theory concepts. In this way, each chapter provides answers to key questions such as: what made a successful negotiation possible? Why did a given failure occur? It helps us to identify and to qualify the good moves, the brilliant ideas, the unexpected coalitions and the uneasy situations that made a negotiation either a success or a failure.

A handpicked team of authors consisting of historians, diplomats and scholars, all specialising in international negotiation, provide unique insights, as well as entertaining and lively stories past and present, preparing us for the future.

A book of interest to anyone who revels in acting on the international stage.

With a foreword by Pierre Vimont (first Executive Secretary General of the European External Action Service) and a theoretical introduction by William Zartman (Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies).

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Emmanuel Vivet is a French civil servant and spent 15 years specializing in negotiations at governmental level in various public international fields (bilateral and multilateral) and for the European Commission. He also is an associate research fellow at the Institute for Research and Education on Negotiation (IRENE, France).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary pages (p. 0)
Introduction: We Produce History; We Might as Well Use it, Wisely (p. 1)
Part I TO NEGOTIATE, OR NOT TO NEGOTIATE
Roman Diplomacy During the Republic: Do the Mighty Negotiate? (p. 9)
The Treaty of Dijon (1513): Or, the Art of Negotiating without a Mandate (p. 23)
Diplomatic Crisis in July 1914: Secrecy, Ultimatums, and Missed Opportunities (p. 33)
The German “All or Nothing” Approach in 1917: Unwilling to Negotiate (p. 43)
Part II BILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS
The Phoenicians (960 BCE): Long Distances, Close Business Relationships (p. 53)
Christopher Columbus and the Catholic Monarchs (1485–1492): Negotiating Troubled Waters (p. 67)
The 1998 St Malo Declaration on European Defense: High Ambitions, Modest Results (p. 79)
US–Chile Free Trade Negotiations (2000–2003): Linkage Analysis (p. 89)
Negotiating Peace with the FARC (2010–2016): Out of the Woods? (p. 103)
Part III MULTILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS
Constantinople, the Armies of the First Crusade and Alexius I Comnenus: How a Coalition was Built between Latins and Greeks in 1096 (p. 115)
The Constantinople Conference (1876–1877): Negotiating with Russia (p. 127)
No Impunity for the Crimes in Darfur (2005): Negotiations within the Security Council (p. 139)
Negotiating the American Constitution (1787–1789): Coalitions, Process Rules, and Compromises (p. 151)
The Vienna Congress (1814–1815): A Security Council “Avant La Lettre” (p. 165)
The 1856 Congress of Paris: Putting Victory to Good Use (p. 179)
Woodrow Wilson in Versailles: A Transparent Diplomat’s Frustrated Ambition (p. 191)
The Convention on the Future of Europe (2002–2003): A Model Process for a Multi-Institutional Meeting (p. 207)
Part IV BEYOND INTERESTS: EMOTIONS, BELIEFS AND VALUES
An Industrialization Deal in 1868 Japan: Glover the Scotsman in Nagasaki (p. 217)
The 1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees: France and Spain Negotiate Honor (p. 231)
The Macartney Embassy to China (1793): Negotiating Face and Symbols (p. 239)
What Set Off the Korean Conflict of 1950? Interests, Reputation, and Emotions (p. 251)
The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: Overt Confrontation, Covert Diplomacy and Downright Luck (p. 261)
The Run Up to the Trump/Kim Singapore Summit: Playing Red and Playing Blue (p. 273)
Part V MIDDLE EAST NEGOTIATIONS: INTERESTS OR EMOTIONS?
Negotiating in Syria in 1920: Gouraud and Faisal before the Battle of Damascus (p. 289)
UN Security Council Resolution 242 of 1967: Ambiguity in International Agreements (p. 305)
The Iran Nuclear Issue (2003–2005): Choosing to Negotiate (p. 317)
The Iran Nuclear Negotiations (2005–2015): Tumbling in the Escalation Trap (p. 327)
Part VI MEDIATIONS
Raoul Nordling and the 1944 Liberation of Paris: A Mediator Saves Paris (p. 337)
The Peace Process in Northern Ireland (1997–2007): From Hatred to Reason (p. 349)
Four Decades in the Southern Philippines (1971–2008): Can “Biased” Mediators be Helpful? (p. 359)
Conclusion: Lessons for Modern Diplomacy (p. 369)
Index (p. 375)


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