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16 September 2019

REVIEW ARTICLE: Jens MEIERHENRICH, "The Force of Law" (English Historical Review CXXXIV (2019), nr. 569 (Aug))

(image source: OUP)


First paragraph:
If Frederick Schauer, the distinguished philosopher of law, is correct, ‘a new conventional wisdom’ has waylaid the study of law: the assumption ‘that force is not the characteristic or identifying feature of law’.1 Relegating the coercive aspect of law to the sidelines of theoretical interest, according to Schauer, is perverse. Relegating the coercive aspect of law to the sidelines of historical interest would be equally problematic. As luck has it, in the last decade or so, historians from different subfields—intellectual history, international history, legal history, political history—have avoided this perversity by burrowing into the crevices of law to locate violence in all its forms. Six new and innovative works have been selected here for closer scrutiny.
Read more with OUP.

CALL FOR PAPERS: ESIL Research Forum 2020: "Solidarity: The Quest for Founding Utopias of International Law" (Catania: Università degli Studi di Catania, 23-24 Apr 2020); DEADLINE 30 SEP 2019

(image source: blogger)

The 2020 ESIL Research Forum will take place on Thursday 23 and Friday 24 April 2020 at the Department of Law, University of Catania, Italy. The ESIL Research Forum is a scholarly conference that promotes engagement with research in progress by members of the Society. It has a small and intensive format. The Forum targets scholars at an early stage of their careers. Approximately 15-25 paper submissions will be selected. During the Forum, selected speakers will receive comments on their presentations from members of the ESIL Board and invited experts.

The 2020 Research Forum addresses the topic: “Solidarity: The Quest for Founding Utopias of International Law”

Solidarity is a founding utopia of international law. It has long appeared in the legal discourses of leading international law scholars as a value and political concept incorporated into international legal norms and evidenced in multilateral and bilateral treaties as an essential condition of interstate cooperation. As a principle of international law, it is mostly identifiable through the trust and confidence shown by states to one another in order to reap the mutual benefits of cooperation. In a broader sense, it also reveals a highly ambiguous ethical ideal – not extraneous to the ‘civilizing mission’ – of a world order of interdependent states and communities addressing shared needs in a spirit of global cooperation and mutual responsibility.

In response to the new global challenges faced by today’s international legal system, solidarity has acquired a special prominence with unprecedented developments in various fields of international law (e.g. trade law, environmental law, humanitarian law, disaster law, health law) while its utopian dimension has been stressed and expanded towards new directions.

The 2020 ESIL Research Forum aims to inspire thoughtful reflections on the genealogy of international solidarity by focusing on the actors, norms and processes influencing its evolution over time. Beyond the search for definitions, the scope of the Forum is to explore transformations and practical manifestations of this longstanding principle in the international legal community. Special attention will be given to international solidarity as interpreted by international and domestic courts and tribunals and to the analysis of some key areas where solidaristic paradigms have led to either positive outcomes or controversial repercussions.

Preference will be given to proposals in one of the following areas:
1. The historical boundaries of international solidarity
 2. Solidarity and private law analogies
3. The invention of European solidarity
4. A human rights-based solidarity? Universal vs regional approaches
5. Peace and security: solidarity and the United Nations
6. International solidarity in emergency situations
7. Social solidarity economy and sustainable development
8. Civil society and transnational solidarity
9. International solidarity and burden-sharing: migration and refugee law
10. International solidarity and current trends: populism, nationalism vs multilateralism

Abstracts (of no more than 750 words) should be submitted to 2020esil.rf.catania@lex.unict.it by Monday 30 September 2019. Please include the following information with your abstract: your name, affiliation, email address, whether you are an ESIL member, plus a one-page curriculum vitae. Successful applicants will be notified by email by 4 November 2019. Complete paper drafts will be required by 19 February 2020. Papers may in due course be published in the ESIL SSRN Conference Paper Series.

All those who take part in the Forum are expected to be ESIL members at the time of their participation. Selected speakers will be expected to bear the costs of their own travel and accommodation. Some ESIL travel grants and ESIL carers grants will be available to offer partial financial support to speakers who have exhausted other potential sources of funding. Speakers will be informed of several hotels that offer preferential rates to Research Forum participants. Lunch will be provided on both days, and a dinner for presenters, commentators and ESIL Board members will be hosted on the evening of Thursday 23 April 2020.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)










BOOK: Viorel PANAITE, Ottoman Law of War and Peace - The Ottoman Empire and Its Tribute-Payers from the North of the Danube., 2nd ed. (Leiden - New York, 2019). ISBN 978-90-04-41110-4, €149.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill has published a second, revised edition of “Ottoman Law of War and Peace”.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Making use of legal and historical sources, Viorel Panaite analyzes the status of tribute-payers from the north of the Danube with reference to Ottoman law of peace and war. He deals with the impact of Ottoman holy war and the way conquest in Southeast Europe took place; the role of temporary covenants, imperial diplomas and customary norms in outlining the rights and duties of the tributary princes; the power relations between the Ottoman Empire and the tributary-protected principalities of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania. He also focuses on the legal and political methods applied to extend the pax ottomanica system in the area, rather than on the elements that set these territories apart from the rest of the Ottoman Empire.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Viorel Panaite, PhD (1995), University of Bucharest, is Professor of Ottoman History, and Researcher at the Institute of Southeast European Studies, Romanian Academy. He has extensively published on war, peace and tributaries in Ottoman view, and Western merchants in the Levant.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface and Acknowledgments
List of Facsimiles, Illustrations and Maps
Transliteration and Pronunciation of Turkish and Romanian
Abbreviations
Part 1: Ottoman Law of War and Peace
1 Islamic Tradition and the Ottoman Law of War and Peace
Part 2: The Danube as a Gazi River
2 The Ottoman Ideology of Holy War
3 Ottoman Holy War to the North of the Danube
Part 3: Submission and Conquest
4 The Islamic Ottoman Law of Peace
5 Obeying Ottoman Sultans in Southeastern Europe: a Chronological Survey
6 From Allegiance to Conquest: Terminology, Meanings, Myths
Part 4: Covenants and Customs
7 Ottoman Peace Agreements
8 Oaths as a Guarantee of Fidelity
9 Pacta Sunt Servanda and Tributary Status
10 Customary Practices
Part 5: Tribute-Payers and Protected Peoples
11 Sultans and Voivodes
12 Voivodes as Tribute-Payers
13 Reʿayas and Protected Peoples
14 Tributary-Protected Principalities
Conclusion
Glossary of Ottoman Turkish Terms and Locutions on War, Peace and Tributaries
Table of Correspondence
Bibliography
Index

More information here

JOURNAL: Jus Gentium – Journal of International Legal History (Vol. IV, Issue II)


(Source: Lawbookexchange)


Jus Gentium has just published its latest issue.

Vol. 4, No. 2
July 2019
ARTICLES
British and French Archives Relating to Ownership of the Paracel Islands: 1900-1975
Anthony Carty
The Just War in Florentine Political Discourse: c. 1200-1400
Ryan Greenwood
The History of Comity
Thomas Schultz
Jason Mitchenson

French as a Diplomatic and Official Language in Imperial Russia
Vladimir Rjéoutski
Derek Offord
Gesine Argent
Baron M. A. von Taube: Historian of International Law
W. E. Butler
V. S. Ivanenko
The Making of China’s Foremost Diplomat and International Judge
Li Chen
International Law as a Living Legal System: Eugene Ehrlich’s Conception in Modern Times
Olga Butkevych
NOTES AND COMMENTS
On the Fate of the Grabar Doctoral Dissertation and Degree
W. E. Butler
Classical and Modern Traditions in Kharkiv University: International and European Law
O. A. Gavrylenko
T. L. Syroed
Manning’s Commentaries on the Law of Nations
William E. Butler
Michael Kwon
DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE
The Martens Treatise: Missing Passages
William E. Butler
Contemporary International Law of Civilized Nations (1882)[Excerpt]
F. F. Martens
History and Law of the Case of the Caldera
V. K. Wellington Koo
Treaty Collections Relating to China during the Colonial Era: Annotations, Bibliography, Chronology
Peter Macalister-Smith
Joachim Schwietzke
FROM THE LITERATURE

More info here

BOOK: Bernadette MEYLER, Theaters of Pardoning (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2019). ISBN 978-1-5017-3933-0



Cornell University Press has published a new book on “theatres of pardoning”.

ABOUT THE BOOK

From Gerald Ford's preemptive pardon of Richard Nixon and Donald Trump's claims that as president he could pardon himself to the posthumous royal pardon of Alan Turing, the power of the pardon has a powerful hold on the political and cultural imagination. In Theaters of Pardoning, Bernadette Meyler traces the roots of contemporary understandings of pardoning to tragicomic "theaters of pardoning" in the drama and politics of seventeenth-century England. Shifts in how pardoning was represented on the stage and discussed in political tracts and in Parliament reflected the transition from a more monarchical and judgment-focused form of the concept to an increasingly parliamentary and legislative vision of sovereignty.

Meyler shows that on the English stage, individual pardons of revenge subtly transformed into more sweeping pardons of revolution, from Shakespeare's Measure for Measure, where a series of final pardons interrupts what might otherwise have been a cycle of revenge, to later works like John Ford's The Laws of Candy and Philip Massinger's The Bondman, in which the exercise of mercy prevents the overturn of the state itself. In the political arena, the pardon as a right of kingship evolved into a legal concept, culminating in the idea of a general amnesty, the "Act of Oblivion," for actions taken during the English Civil War. Reconceiving pardoning as law-giving effectively displaced sovereignty from king to legislature, a shift that continues to attract suspicion about the exercise of pardoning. Only by breaking the connection between pardoning and sovereignty that was cemented in seventeenth-century England, Meyler concludes, can we reinvigorate the pardon as a democratic practice.


13 September 2019

BOOK: Gregory ROBERTS, Police Power in the Italian Communes (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019). ISBN 9789463725309, € 89,00



Amsterdam University Press has published a new book on urban policing in Medieval Italy.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Medieval states are widely assumed to have lacked police forces. Yet in the Italian city-republics, soldiers patrolled the streets daily in search of lawbreakers. Police Power in the Italian Communes, 1228—1326 is the first book to examine the emergence of urban policing in medieval Italy and its impact on city life.

Focusing on Bologna in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, Gregory Roberts shows how police forces gave teeth to the communes’ many statutes through a range of patrol activities. Whether seeking outlaws in the countryside or nighttime serenaders in the streets, urban police forces pursued lawbreakers energetically and effectively. They charged hundreds of individuals each year with arms-bearing, gambling, and curfew violations, convicting many of them in the process. Roberts draws on a trove of unpublished evidence from judicial archives, rich with witness testimony, to paint a vivid picture of policing in daily life and the capacity of urban governments to coerce.

Breaking new ground in the study of violence, justice, and state formation in the Middle Ages, Police Power in the Italian Communes sheds fresh light on the question of how ostensibly modern institutions emerge from premodern social orders.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Gregory Roberts is a foreign affairs officer at the U.S. State Department and previously served as a historian at the U.S. Army Center of Military History. He received his PhD from Yale University in 2013 and was a 2010—2011 Fulbright scholar in Italy.

The table of contents can be found here

12 September 2019

BOOK: Paolo ASTORRI, Lutheran Theology and Contract Law in Early Modern Germany (ca. 1520-1720) (Leiden-New York: Brill, 2019). ISBN 978-3-657-70150-6, $146.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill has published a new book on the influence of Lutheran thought on Early Modern German contract law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

It is clear that the Lutheran Reformation greatly contributed to changes in theological and legal ideas – but what was the extent of its impact on the field of contract law?

Legal historians have extensively studied the contract doctrines developed by Roman Catholic theologians and canonists; however, they have largely neglected Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, Johann Aepinus, Martin Chemnitz, Friedrich Balduin and many other reformers. This book focuses on those neglected voices of the Reformation, exploring their role in the history of contract law. These men mapped out general principles to counter commercial fraud and dictated norms to regulate standard economic transactions. The most learned jurists, such as Matthias Coler, Peter Heige, Benedict Carpzov, and Samuel Stryk, among others, studied these theological teachings and implemented them in legal tenets. Theologians and jurists thus cooperated in resolving contract law problems, especially those concerning interest and usury.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Paolo Astorri is currently Research Associate at the KU Leuven Faculty of Law in Belgium

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Pages: 1–13
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Christian Spirituality and Law: Developments and Sources
Care for the Souls before the Reformation and in the Early Modern Roman Catholic World
Pages: 17–46
The Engagement of the Lutheran Theologians with Contract Law: Principles and Literature
Pages: 47–110
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A Biblical Framework for Contract Law: Basic Elements
The Conceptualization of Agreements
Pages: 113–151
The Seventh Commandment: The Lawfuln and Right Use of Contracts
Pages: 152–185
The Eighth Commandment: Contractual Fidelity
Pages: 186–257
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Selected Issues from Particular Types of Contract
Sale, Lease and Restitution
Pages: 261–323
Lending and the Interest Prohibition
Pages: 324–429
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From Lutheran Theology to Legal Practice
The Dispute of Regensburg (1587)
Pages: 433–489
The Contribution of the Jurists
Pages: 490–555
General Summary
Pages: 556–573
Concluding Remarks
Pages: 574–583

More info with Brill

CALL FOR PAPERS: Histoire et Gouvernance : interactions et conflits entre les acteurs et les normes (Lille: Université Lille II, 6 DEC 2019); DEADLINE 15 OCT 2019

(image source: CHJ)

The Centre d'Histoire Judiciaire (Université Lille II) launched a call for papers for a doctoral conference.

Abstract:
Cette journée d’étude vise à interroger les différentes recherches en histoire menées par les doctorants et les jeunes chercheurs européens à travers le prisme de la plurigouvernance et de la multinormativité, quelle que soit leur discipline spécifique (droit, sciences humaines et sociales...). Le terme de gouvernance recouvre « les modes de coordination associant aux acteurs publics (État, collectivités locales, etc.) des acteurs privés pour faire face à un problème complexe caractérisé par une multiplicité d’acteurs et d’échelles d’intervention » 1 . La gouvernance renvoie à l’idée que chaque décision, chaque loi, chaque règle résulteraient d’une « négociation permanente entre les acteurs sociaux » et ne serait pas simplement la propriété d’un groupe ou d’un individu.2 La plurigouvernance renvoie à une pluralité des modes de gouvernance. Envisager les phénomènes sociaux sous cet angle revient à déconstruire l’idée d’une structure verticale et unilatérale du pouvoir et de la société pour comprendre comment les différentes institutions et les différents acteurs ont pu interférer et se réguler les uns et les autres jusqu’à une apparente forme de partage du gouvernement. L’étude de la multinormativité s’inscrit également dans ce cadre de la gouvernance. En effet, si chaque acteur et chaque institution a le pouvoir de créer sa propre norme, il convient de s’interroger sur l’articulation de ces différentes normes issues des multiples acteurs et institutions dans ce contexte de plurigouvernance. Sur ce point, cette journée d’étude n’a pas seulement vocation à se concentrer sur la norme juridique (loi, coutume, jurisprudence, etc.), elle s’ouvre également aux domaines des normes morales et sociales. Dans une perspective de mise en valeur des différents sujets étudiés par la jeune recherche sous l’angle de la plurigouvernance et de la multinormativité, cette journée se veut ouverte à des communications sur toutes périodes (antique, médiévale, moderne et contemporaine) et sur tout type de sources (jurisprudentielles, coutumières, iconographiques, doctrinales, etc.). 
Intellectual structure:
Deux axes de réflexion permettront d’ordonner cette manifestation :
Axe I - Acteurs et institutions
Dans le cadre de la plurigouvernance, une multitude d’autorités, d’institutions et d'acteurs, qu’ils soient publics ou privés, détient et exerce une forme de pouvoir. Ce premier axe va s’intéresser aux rapports de pouvoir et aux conflits qui peuvent émerger entre ces différents acteurs et institutions (les anciennes colonies sont d'excellents cas d'étude sur ce sujet). Il interroge aussi la question de l’autonomie des institutions les unes par rapport aux autres (soulevant par exemple les notions de centralisation et décentralisation dans la forme de la gouvernance). Cette réflexion sur la pluralité d’acteurs et d’institutions se perpétue également dans la séparation et la hiérarchisation des pouvoirs (tant judiciaire que législatif et exécutif, mais aussi entre les pouvoirs des autorités juridiques et extrajuridiques)
Axe II - Normes
La norme se définissant comme « une prescription concrète incorporant des obligations et/ou des droits » 3 , la coexistence de normes issues de la pluralité des gouvernances différentes génère des situations particulièrement intéressantes à étudier. Le second axe de cette journée d’étude se concentrera sur l’étude des interactions entre les normes (qu’elles entrent en conflits, se complètent ou s’effacent au profit des autres normes), sur l’interprétation de la norme (notamment par l’étude de la doctrine) mais également sur l’uniformisation et la réappropriation des normes (par exemple à travers la rédaction des coutumes).
Pistes bibliographiques :
Baron Catherine, La gouvernance : débats autour d'un concept polysémique. Droit et société, 54(2), 2003, p. 329- 349. Becker Peter, Von Krosigk Rüdiger, Figures of Authority: Contributions Towards a Cultural History of Governance from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century, Peter Lang, 2008 Bevir Mark, A Theory of Governance, University of California Press, 2013 Bourdieu Pierre, Sur l’État. Cours au Collège de France 1989-1992, Seuil, Paris, 2012. Chevallier Jacques, La gouvernance, un nouveau paradigme étatique ?, Revue française d'administration publique, 2003/1 (no 105-106), p. 203-217. Crowley John, Usages de la gouvernance et de la gouvernementalité, Critique internationale, vol. 21, no. 4, 2003, p. 52-61. Delmas-Marty Mireille, Les forces imaginantes du droit, vol. III : La refondation du pouvoir. Paris, Seuil, 2007. Delmas-Marty Mireille, Aux quatre-vents du monde : petit guide de navigation sur l’océan de la Mondialisation, Paris, Seuil, 2016 Foucault Michel, Il faut défendre la société. Cours au Collège de France, 1976, Paris, Gallimard/Seuil, 1997. Humbert Michel, Kremer David, Institutions politiques et sociales de l’Antiquité, Paris, Dalloz, 2017. Moreau Defarges, Philippe. La gouvernance. Presses Universitaires de France, 2015 Pennington Kenneth, The prince and the law, 1200-1600 : sovereignty and rights in the western legal tradition, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1993. Supiot Alain, La gouvernance par les nombres. Cours au Collège de France (2012-2014), Coll. « Poids et Mesures du Monde », Fayard, 2015. Rohr John Anthony, Founding republics in France and America: a study in constitutional governance, studies in government and public policy, 1995, University Press of Kansas Thibierge Catherine (dir.), La force normative. Naissance d'un concept, Paris, LGDJ, oct. 2009. Pouvoirs publics (Etat, Administration) et ville en France, Italie et Espagne de la fin du XVIIe siècle à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, LIAME, n°5, 2000. Le gouvernement des communautés politiques à la fin du Moyen Âge - Entre puissance et négociation : villes, finances, État, Actes du colloque en l'honneur d’Albert Rigaudière, Editions Panthéon-Assas, Paris, 2011. Marquer la ville: Signes, traces, empreintes du pouvoir (xiiie-xvie siècle), Actes de la conférence organisée à Rome en 2009, Publications de la Sorbonne, Collection de l'École française de Rome 485/8 , 2014 Governance without Government : Order and Change in World Politics, sous la direction de Czempiel Ernst-Otto et N. Rosenau James, Cambridge University Press, 1992. Penser l’ordre juridique médiéval et moderne : Regards croisés sur les méthodes des juristes sous la direction de Laurent-Bonne Nicolas et Prévost Xavier, actes du colloque organisé les 21 et 22 janvier 2016, école de droit de l’Université d’Auvergne, coll. Contextes, LGDJ, 2016. Statuts personnels et espaces sociaux : questions grecques et romaines (Travaux de la MAE, René Ginouvès, 25), sous la direction de C. Moatti et C. Müller, De Boccard, Paris, 2018

Practical modalities:
Les communications, qui ne devront pas excéder les 20 minutes, pourront se faire en français ou en anglais. Elles devront porter sur les recherches en cours des doctorants. Si les jeunes docteurs (jusqu’à 3 ans après la soutenance) sont également invités à communiquer, les propositions des doctorants seront privilégiées. Toute proposition de communication devra être envoyée avant le 15 octobre 2019 accompagnée d’un résumé d'environ 400 mots précisant l’axe dans lequel s’intègre la proposition et d’une brève présentation des travaux de l’auteur en quelques lignes à l’adresse suivante : journeegouvernance2019@gmail.com
Further information:
La journée d’étude se déroulera le vendredi 6 décembre 2019 dans les locaux de la Faculté de sciences juridiques, politiques et sociales de Lille, place Déliot à Lille. - Sélection et réponses aux propositions de communication avant le 30 octobre 2019. - Participation gratuite. Repas et collations de la journée pris en charge par le Centre d’Histoire Judiciaire pour les participants. Transport et hébergement à la charge des laboratoires de rattachement des intervenants. Toute éventuelle situation particulière pourra être prise en considération par le comité d’organisation pour une prise en charge totale ou partielle des frais de voyage et logement. - Pour plus d’informations, journeegouvernance2019@gmail.com 
Organising commitee:
Alexis Audemar, Paul-Emmanuel Babin, Sonia Baï, Lionel Dubar, Amina Layes, Marion Lecointe, Justine Mazeau, Sofiane Mokhtari, Rodrigue Merlot, Viviana Persi, François Pierrard, Laury Renard, Toussaint Rethore et Matthieu Wattrelot, doctorants au Centre d’Histoire Judiciaire. 
Scientific committee:
Luisa Brunori, Chargée de recherches HDR, CNRS, Bruno Dubois, Maître de conférences, Université de Lille, Dante Fedele, Chargé de recherches, CNRS. Alain Wijffels, Directeur de recherche, CNRS. 

(source: CHJ-Lille)

BOOK: Guillaume-François LE TROSNE, Les lois naturelles de l'ordre social [ed. Thérence CARVALHO] [Naissance de l'Économie politique, vol. 13](Genève: Slatkine Érudition, 2019), 512 p. ISBN 9782051028424, € 65

(image source: univ-droit)

Book abstract:
Magistrat au présidial d’Orléans, Guillaume-François Le Trosne (1728- 1780) est à la fois le disciple de Robert-Joseph Pothier, le plus éminent jurisconsulte de son temps, et de François Quesnay, le chef de file du mouvement physiocratique. Ce double héritage fait de lui un auteur remarquable et unique du siècle des Lumières. Sa vie durant, il s’évertue à lier le droit et l’économie politique dans une science totale de la société qui développerait les lois naturelles de l’ordre social. Cette édition aspire à éclairer son oeuvre d’un jour nouveau en rassemblant trois de ses textes les plus importants publiés en 1777 : – De l’ordre social, composé de onze discours, dans lequel il développe ses principales opinions économiques, politiques et juridiques, comme la liberté du commerce, la mise en place d’un impôt territorial unique ou l’établissement d’une hiérarchie normative à prédominance jusnaturaliste ; – De l’intérêt social, par rapport à la valeur, à la circulation, à l’industrie et au commerce intérieur et extérieur , son ouvrage le plus théorique en matière d’économie politique où il répond aux critiques formulées à l’encontre de la physiocratie par son ami, l’abbé de Condillac, dans son livre Le commerce et le gouvernement, considérés relativement l’un à l’autre, publié en 1776 ; – ses Vues sur la justice criminelle, opuscule dans lequel il apporte un volet pénal à la physiocratie en détaillant ses propositions en ce qui concerne la législation criminelle et l’administration de la justice. Outre la version intégrale de ces textes, ce volume intègre, pour la première fois, l’ensemble des préfaces et des notes issues des différentes rééditions. Il comprend également des annonces de presse, des extraits de correspondance, une présentation, une chronologie et des notes entièrement nouvelles. Redécouvrir l’oeuvre de Le Trosne permet en définitive de mieux comprendre les grands débats intellectuels qui agitent le XVIIIe siècle et de puiser aux sources d’une pensée économique fondée sur la liberté.
(source: univ-droit)

BOOK: Jean-Marc JOUBERT and François PLOTON-NICOLLET, eds., Pouvoir, Rhétorique et Justice (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2019). ISBN 978-2-406-08853-0, €32,00



Classiques Garnier has published a new book on the theme of “Pouvoir, rhétorique et justice”.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Pouvoir, rhétorique, justice. Autour de leurs relations sont étudiés penseurs (Platon, Aristote, Cicéron, Pline, Saint Augustin, Ricœur) et écrivains (Ovide, Apulée, La Fontaine, Dostoïevski, Mauriac) dans une vingtaine de textes sur les domaines grec et latin, les époques antique, médiévale et moderne.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Jean-Marc Joubert et François Ploton-Nicollet
Préambule     7
Maria Protopapas-Marneli
Le fondement aristotélicien de la rhétorique stoïcienne    21
François Ploton-Nicollet
Latone, assoiffée, demande de l’eau à des paysans lyciens.
Droit naturel et rhétorique judiciaire
dans les Métamorphoses d’Ovide (6, 339-362)    37
Albert Foulon
La rhétorique au service de la justice.
Quelques exemples relatifs à la rhétorique judiciaire
dans les Lettres de Pline le Jeune    59
Alain Le Gallo
L’Apologie d’Apulée.
Une rhétorique judicaire paradoxale    71
Lydia Paparriga-Artémiadi
Théorie rhétorique et herméneutique juridique
à l’époque byzantine. Vers une méthode de contrôle
et de rectification du droit   103
Francesca Prometea Barone
La réception du principe Non bis in idem dans le christianisme
des premiers siècles entre rhétorique et exégèse   125
Christian Talin
Justice et rhétorique à la Parousie chez saint Augustin   145
Éléni Procopiou
Le rôle de la rhétorique dans la théorie
de la justice de saint Thomas d’Aquin   159
Yves Sassier
Un exemple de rhétorique judiciaire au xe siècle.
Le procès de l’archevêque Arnoul de Reims,
traître à Hugues Capet   175
Sébastien Cazalas
« Et en faisant justice,
vous le faites pour l’amour de Dieu… »
Pour une lecture littéraire d’Audite illos (1432) :
le grand discours sur la justice de Jean Juvénal des Ursins   203
Luigi-Alberto Sanchi
Idées et expressions de la justice
dans l’œuvre de Guillaume Budé   231
Guillaume Bernard
La critique de la justice en France au second xvie siècle   247
Alain Lanavère
Justice et rhétorique chez La Fontaine.
Le droit, les beaux parleurs, le fait, la force   261
Jean-Marc Joubert
Rhétorique et justice chez Jean-Jacques Rousseau   269
Jean-Baptiste Amadieu
Criminaliser un texte bénin,
décriminaliser une œuvre mauvaise.
Deux romans de Dumas au crible de l’art rhétorique censorial   283
Anne Pinot
La rhétorique au prétoire.
La rhétorique en procès chez Dostoïevski   303
Frédéric Gai
François Mauriac à la marge de la rhétorique et de la justice   321
Golfo Maggini
Au-delà de la parole.
Sur les implications politiques de la phénoménologie
de l’affectivité chez le premier Heidegger   337
Constança Marcondes Cesar
La méditation sur la Rhétorique.
Ricœur critique de Perelman   357
Doukas Kapantais
L’analogie platonicienne entre l’âme et la cité.
Sur d’éventuels préjugés actuels   369
Index des noms de personnes   381
Résumés   385

More info here


SEMINAR SERIES: Legal Transfer in the Common Law World – October 2019 to February 2020 (MPI for European Legal History, Frankfurt)



The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History has published a list of new seminars for its “Legal Transfer in the Common Law World” research field.

As the British Empire expanded, English law was being introduced in very different parts of the world. Rules, principles and institutions from England were brought into force in regions and societies as diverse as Australia, Ghana, India, Jamaica and Singapore. In this Special Research Field, we enquire how this process unfolded in various places.

In many cases English law encountered local or regional traditions, both legal and non-legal. To what extent did these encounters differ from each other? Was there ever anything resembling the frequently invoked ‘unity of the common law’? Or did the law of England acquire a distinctive flavour in each territory, depending on the geography, the climate and the prevailing religious, moral and economic views of the inhabitants? And, finally, can we learn anything from the experience of English law for the broader debate on legal ‘transplants’ and, even more generally, legal development as such?

Initially, this research field focuses primarily on the following regions: India, South East Asia and the Caribbean. Specific case studies turn on different areas of law, including constitutional law, the law of contract, land law and intellectual property. Equally important are the modes of conflict management in state courts and beyond.

The list of speakers can be found here

Hannah WEISS MULLER, "From requête to petition: petitioning the monarch between Empires" (The Historical Journal LX (2017), No. 3 (Sep), pp. 659-686)

(image source: Cambridge Core)

Abstract:
This article uncovers a transimperial culture of petitioning that eased the transition for subjects who moved between the French and British empires. Although the petition was hailed as the birthright of Britons, and has consistently drawn attention from historians of Britain and its empire, this did not mean that petitioning was unknown elsewhere. Indeed, Quebec, which was transferred from France to Britain at the close of the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) and experienced lengthy periods of both French and British rule, provides an ideal site through which to document written traditions of expressing grievance. This article reveals not only that French subjects were familiar with addressing the monarch well before the British conquest, but also suggests an important continuity of form that transcended differences of language, shifting regimes, and imperial rivalries. The analysis of petitions from Quebec both before and after 1759 testifies to an identifiable commensurability in the lived experiences of inhabitants across the French and British empires, just as it underscores the petition's similar function in the overseas colonies more broadly. The petition's value to both subjects and sovereigns – its role in mediating relations between them across the globe – helps to explain its continued relevance in these two monarchical empires.
(read more on Cambridge Core)

11 September 2019

BOOK: Olivier BEAUD, La République injuriée. Histoire des offenses au chef de l’État de la IIIe à la Ve République (Paris: PUF, 2019), ISBN 978-2-13-081305-7, € 27

(image source: PUF)

Book abstract:
« Moi, je ne dis pas Pétain, mais putain ! », « Général rebelle, bradeur de l’Empire, paranoïaque à délire intermittent », « Casse-toi pov’con ! » : ces apostrophes au chef de l’État furent poursuivies par le parquet pour délit d’offense et leurs auteurs, condamnés par les juridictions pénales. De 1875 à 2013, date de sa suppression, le délit d’offense a protégé le chef de l’État en exercice. Souvent présenté comme un délit d’opinion, considéré depuis les années 1970 comme anachronique et illibéral, il fut un véritable sismographe des affrontements politiques de notre pays. À la croisée de l’histoire politico-judiciaire et de l’histoire des libertés, l’ouvrage d’Olivier Beaud révèle des épisodes méconnus ou oubliés de la vie politique française. Fondé sur l’étude des procès et sur des archives politiques et judiciaires inédites, il apporte un éclairage original sur les relations entre le pouvoir exécutif et la justice, révélant la permanence, dans l’histoire française contemporaine, d’une guerre civile larvée.
On the author:
Olivier Beaud est professeur de droit public à l’université Panthéon-Assas et directeur-adjoint de l’Institut Michel Villey. Lauréat du prix de la fondation Alexander von Humboldt (2014), il est ancien membre (junior et senior) de l’Institut universitaire de France. Il codirige la revue Jus politicum et a notamment publié aux Puf La Puissance de l’État (1994) et Théorie de la Fédération (2009). 
(more with the publisher)

BOOK: Marc ORTOLANI, Gwenaëlle CALLEMEIN, Audric CAPELLA & Olivier VERNIER (eds.), Production de la norme environnementale et codification du droit rural dans l’Europe méridionale entre France et Italie, XVIIe-XXe siècle [PRIDAES, Programme de recherche sur les institutions et le droit des anciens États de Savoie] (Serre éditeur, 2019), 316 p., ISBN 9782864106517, € 30

(image source: Serre éditeur)

Book abstract:
Le colloque « Production de la norme environnementale et codification du droit rural dans l’Europe méridionale entre France et Italie XVIIe-XXe siècles », tenu à Nice en décembre 2016, est la dixième rencontre organisée dans le cadre du P.R.I.D.A.E.S. (Programme de Recherche sur les Institutions et le Droit des Anciens États de Savoie). Né de la volonté des chercheurs du laboratoire ERMES de l’Université Côte d’Azur et du laboratoire CDPPOC de l’Université Savoie Mont-Blanc, il se situe dans le prolongement d’une rencontre antérieure, ayant déjà donné naissance à un ouvrage, publié dans la même collection en 2014 : « Protection et valorisation des ressources naturelles dans les États de Savoie ». À l’occasion de cette première rencontre, divers travaux avaient souligné l’abondance de la règlementation environnementale et rurale, dont l’analyse se poursuit ici à travers sa production, sa codification, son application et son respect. Vingt-et-une contributions, émanant de chercheurs français et italiens, étudient des espaces proches (Provence, Pays niçois, Corse, Ligurie, Piémont, Savoie, Dauphiné) mais très différents par leurs ressources naturelles et les activités économiques qui s’y déploient. La règlementation qui les accompagne offre ainsi une grande diversité qui est évoquée d’abord à travers la production et l’évolution de la norme environnementale, depuis le droit féodal jusqu’à la législation contemporaine. C’est notamment la grande richesse des bans champêtres qui donne ici toute la mesure de l’importance de ce droit. D’autres contributions viennent ensuite en décliner l’application, dans tous les domaines où il régissait la vie des hommes : celui de la forêt, entre nécessités d’exploitation et impératifs de préservation des ressources ; celui des activités agro-pastorales où s’imbriquent dans les mêmes espaces des activités multiples, donnant naissance aux terres communes ; celui enfin d’une constante surveillance et de sanctions nécessaires à la préservation des terroirs. Par la finesse des règles élaborées, et leur parfaite maîtrise des enjeux économiques, environnementaux et humains, la production de la norme environnementale et la codification du droit rural, à une époque que l’on pourrait aujourd’hui croire lointaine, offre en réalité le modèle d’un système institutionnel élaboré et durable de gestion des ressources naturelles.
(source: Société Française d'Études du Dix-Huitième Siècle)

POSITION: Belgian Colonial Archives (Belgian State Archives-Belgian Scientific Policy/Université St Louis, DEADLINE 1 OCT 2019)

(image source: Standen&Landen)

Project description:
Les Archives de l’Etat et l’USL-B recrutent un·e docteur·e en Histoire (h/f/x) dans le domaine «archives & histoire coloniales belges» (programme FED-tWIN) Contexte FED-tWIN is a new federal research programme from the Belgian Science Policy Office to promote sustainable cooperation between ten Federal Scientific Institutions and Belgian universities through the funding of joint research profiles. SHARE — Supply a Fair and Transparent Access to a shared Heritage - the ‘Africa Archives’ - to implement Decolonised Research about Belgian colonisation in Congo, Rwanda and Burundi (1885-1962). This FED-tWIN profile aims at taking advantage of the relocation of ‘Africa archives’ to AGR-ARA (State Archives in Belgium) and USL-B (Université Saint-Louis – Brussels) expertise in colonial history in order to enable Belgian, Congolese, Burundian and Rwandan societies to reconnect with their colonial past. The project consists of four WP. One work package (WP) is assigned to each unit. In WP1, the FED-tWIN researcher will increase the accessibility of ‘Africa archives’ by writing new finding aids (mainly inventories and databases), by retro converting old ones and by revising the conditions for consultation. WP2 is dedicated to the digital repatriation of these archives and the transfer of knowledge about those. The researcher will prepare this repatriation by removing diplomatic, technical and ethical obstacles that could hinder this transfer. The ‘Africa archives’ constitute a unique heritage. However, this collection does not contain all the archives of Belgian colonisation. In WP3, the FED-tWIN researcher will search the colonial archives remaining in Central Africa to repatriate a digital copy to Belgium. They will also complete this collection by collecting oral testimonies from European and African colonisation actors. WP4 is a transversal WP focused on communication and dissemination of project results to an audience of historians and archivists, to an audience of citizens and to an audience of students. USL-B is a centre of excellence for research in Belgian colonial history. Its expertise is forged from the exploitation of the ‘Africa archives’ i.e. documents produced by the Ministry of Colonies, the General Government of the Belgian Congo and the services that compose it as well as the mandated administration of Rwanda and Burundi. At the same time, AGR-ARA has a strong and recognised expertise in management, preservation and dissemination of Belgian public archives. Since 2016, its collection includes almost 10 linear kilometres of ‘Africa archives’ until then kept at the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. AGR-ARA faced a challenge: applying its know-how to a new archival material - the ‘Africa archives’. Only a researcher specialised in Belgian colonisation history with a thorough knowledge of its archives can take it up, to join the existing team and to consolidate expertise. The expert would build their expertise on the basis of the knowledge developed within USL-B on the one hand and AGR-ARA on the other. The researcher will have to develop an unparalleled knowledge about the colonial archival production (e.g. map the main archive producers and their documentary production’s logic) and the archival policies implemented in Congo (1885-1908, 1908-1960) and in Rwanda and Burundi (1924-1962), as well as those currently in force in Europe and Africa for the management of colonial archives. At the same time, they will mobilise the ‘Africa archives’ as teaching material and as a source to conduct an in-depth study of interracial violence in the long run. This protean phenomenon has been widely denounced for the Congo Free State period and the independence, but it must now be considered in a broader way. Interracial violence should be considered in the long term as a tool and a support for any activity in (post)colonial context.
(image source: Standen&Landen)

Read more here.

LECTURE: Leuven Legal History Talks – Dr. Carrai on “China, Sovereignty and International Law” (Leuven, 19 November 2019)


(Source: KU Leuven)


The department of Roman law and legal history at the KU Leuven is hosting its next speaker in the Leuven Legal History Talks coming November.

NEXT LECTURE

CHINA, SOVEREIGNTY AND INTERNATIONAL LAW


When?
19th November 2019
4PM-5PM
Where?
DE VALK-03, room 01.25

More info here

PRE-CONFERENCE MEETING: New Histories of Sovereigns and Sovereignties (Athens: ESIL 2019 Annual conference, 12 SEP 2019)

European Society of International Law

Interest Group on the History of International Law

New Histories of Sovereigns and Sovereignties
ESIL Athens 2019 Meeting


Faculty Club, Academias 48, 10672 Athens

(for directions see: https://esilathens2019.gr/venues/)



08.15-08.30
Welcome and Introduction

8.30-10.30
Panel One: Sovereignty before the Twentieth Century

Greg Ablavsky (Stanford) — ‘Species of Sovereignty: Native American Nationhood, the United States, and International Law, 1783–1795’

Connor McBain (Glasgow) — ‘Parcel of Rogues in a Nation: The Story of the Darien Company and the Forgotten Role of Corporate Sovereignty in Scots Colonisation of the “New World”’

Commentator: Markus Beham (Passau)

————
10.30-11.00 Coffee break

11.00-13.00
Panel Two: Sovereignty in the Twentieth Century

Diane Marie Amann (Georgia) — ‘Intersectional Sovereignties: Dr Aline Chalufour, Woman at Nuremberg — and at Paris, Ottawa, and Dalat’

Tsvetelina van Benthem (Oxford) — ‘Sovereignty, Sanctions and Functionalism’

Commentator: Jan Lemnitzer (University of Southern Denmark)

13.00-13.30
Future IG events

(source: ESILHIL Blog)


CONFERENCE: Pouvoir & émotions, sensibilités, représentations et gouvernance (France-Espagne, XVIe-XVIIIe s.) (Saint-Denis: MSH Paris Nord, 13 SEP 2019)

(image source: MSH Paris Nord)

Presentation:
Depuis le courant de l’histoire des mentalités, dans la tradition de l’école des Annales, de nouvelles perspectives historiographiques se sont ouvertes autour de la question des émotions. Cette thématique rassemble des chercheurs s’intéressant à la place occupée par la dimension affective dans la vie des sociétés mais également dans les rapports de pouvoir et la production/reproduction des inégalités. Sur le plan de l’histoire politique, l’émotion joue un rôle effectivement majeur en tant que réaction, stimulus ou lien entre les individus et les groupes sociaux. Des « communautés d’émotion » décrites, ici ou là, par les historiens font leur apparition lorsqu’un dirigeant, une élite ou une institution provoque, encadre ou, au contraire, censure une réaction collective qui, au-delà de toute orientation idéologique, identitaire ou genrée, prend la forme d’une réponse émotionnelle jamais neutre (plaintes, émeutes, pamphlets, chansons, violences, etc.). Dans le contexte de l’époque moderne, la gestion de l’émotion concerne autant les dirigeants (traditionnellement, l’impassibilité affichée par les monarques tranche avec l’hybris des tyrans) que ceux qui y sont soumis et qui doivent, souvent sur commande, se réjouir (couronnement, victoire militaire ou mariage) ou se lamenter (défaite, complot, assassinat, décès, etc.). La société du spectacle, venue de la Cour, valorise-t-elle forcément toutes les émotions ou n’opère-t-elle pas un tri entre ce qui peut s’exprimer et se montrer et ce qu’il convient de dissimuler, d’intérioriser ? L’histoire sensible des monarchies françaises et espagnoles d’Ancien Régime recouvre un vaste panel d’émotions (celles des puissants, celles de leurs obligés) qui, parfois, atteignirent leur paroxysme à l’occasion de crises majeures. Ainsi, en marge d’une histoire politique du corps et de ses représentations, la prise en compte des affects permet une relecture constructive de l’histoire longue des rapports de domination dans les sociétés occidentales. Enfin, notons que les relations géopolitiques et les échanges culturels franco-hispaniques ont souvent donné lieu à des comparaisons entre deux royaumes longtemps ennemis. Sur le plan des références majeures et des concepts-clé du discours politique, les legs de l’Antiquité et les mutations de la Renaissance ont souvent rapproché ces deux Etats malgré des tensions et des conflits de part et d’autre des Pyrénées. Sur le plan de l’histoire des émotions, les discours « identitaires » français et espagnols, savamment instrumentalisés en période de conflit, reflètent une lecture « psychologique » figeant deux « Etats », voire deux « nations », et ramenant des populations très diverses à des stéréotypes affectifs dont témoignent les arts, les sciences et les lettres. Cette journée d’étude transpériodique et interdisciplinaire (histoire, civilisation hispanique, histoire des arts, sciences politiques, etc.) entend interroger les rapports de pouvoir et de domination (sur le plan politique, économique psychologique ou symbolique) s’inscrivant dans une dimension sensible et s’exprimant par des émotions (adhésion, résistance, joie, tristesse, amour, haine, etc.) individuelles et/ou collectives qui peuvent aussi bien renforcer les structures de décision que les fragiliser en cas de contestation radicale. La représentation (ou la non-représentation) des émotions du pouvoir comme la manipulation des émotions à des fins de pouvoir, la circulation des émotions entre le pouvoir (roi, seigneur, ministre, valido, etc.) et le.s public.s dans une interaction non dépourvue d’ambiguïté, sinon de manipulation, sont les champs que cette journée d’études internationale entend explorer, dans le contexte franco-hispanique. Le domaine d’étude visé est l’époque moderne sans pour autant s’interdire d’explorer des repères plus anciens, dotés d’une valeur exemplaire ou fondatrice.
Program here.
PROGRAMME
9h30 Introduction :
Sarah Pech, Stanis Perez & Christine Orobitg
Session de la matinée :Présidence : Christine OrobitgINDIGNATIONS
9h45 Justine LE FLOC’H, Sorbonne Université :
La figure du roi dans le discours sur la colère au XVIIe siècle.
10h10 Nicolas VIDONI, CRISES, université Montpellier :
Exprimer l’émotion : construire et agencer un nouvel ordre politique à Montpelier en 1789-1790.
MUTISMES
10h35 Sandra MARTINEZ, CHECLA, Sorbonne Université :
Emotions collectives et individuelles, lors de l’autodafé madrilène de 1680 d’après José del Olmo dans la Relación histórica del auto general de fe que se celebró en Madrid este año de 1680.11h00 Xavier LE PERSON, Paris Sorbonne Université :
Un gentilhomme saisi d’émotion devant la Majesté royale ? Autour du silence éloquent de Guillaume de Guitaut, agent du prince de Condé, à la veille de l’exécution du traité des Pyrénées (décembre 1659).
11h25 Pierre CIVIL, Sorbonne Nouvelle Université :
Le masque du roi. Portrait et expression du pouvoir dans l’Espagne des XVIe et XVIIe siècles.
11h50 Discussion
12h20-14h Pause repas
Session de l’après-midi :Présidence : Pierre CivilMODELES
14h Audrey BECKER, CRULH, université de Lorraine :
L’empereur en colère dans l’Antiquité tardive. Du discours philosophique à la stratégie de communication politique.
14h30 Julien LE MAUFF, Paris Sorbonne Université :
Raison d’État et sentiments princiers : affects et émotions dans les discours de l’exception souveraine à l’âge baroque.
MISES EN SCENE
15h00 Emmanuelle BUVAT, CHECLA Sorbonne Université :
Vers un théâtre des émotions refoulées : stratégie politique et instrumentalisation des processions madrilènes au XVIIe siècle.
15h30 Stanis PEREZ, PLEIADE, MSH Paris Nord :
Pleurer pour son roi malade : l’annonce de l’opération de Louis XIV (1686) décrite par l’abbé de Choisy.
16h Christine OROBITG, TELEMME, université Aix-Marseille :
Transformation des émotions et mise en scène du pouvoir dans l’Anfiteatro de Felipe IV el Grande (1631).
16h30 Discussion
17h Conclusions :
Stanis Perez

(source: AHMUF)

10 September 2019

JOURNAL: American Journal of Legal History XIX (2019), No. 3 (Sep)

(image source: Cambridge Core)

‘To Stay the Murderer’s Hand and the Rapist’s Passions, and for the Safety and Security of Civil Society’: The Emergence of Racial Disparities in Capital Punishment in Jim Crow New Orleans  (Jeffrey S. Adler)
Abstract:
This essay examines capital punishment in New Orleans between 1920 and 1945. Building on a quantitative analysis of case-level data culled from police, court, and prison records, it explores the emergence of racial disparities in death-penalty sentencing and charts the increasing use of capital punishment as a mechanism of racial control. The paper focuses on four surprising and counter-intuitive patterns in the application of the death penalty. First, shifts in the use of capital punishment during this era bore no connection to patterns of violent crime. Second, changes in death-penalty sentencing were only loosely related to overall trends in homicide conviction. Third, and most surprising, Orleans Parish jurors, particularly during the 1920s, sent white killers to the gallows at a higher rate than African American killers. And fourth, the analysis of case-level records reveals dramatic shifts in death-penalty sentencing during the 1930s, particularly the development of a pronounced racial disparity in the application of capital punishment. Prosecutors also exploited the threat of capital charges to secure guilty pleas from African American suspects, and thus changes in death-penalty sentencing contributed to racial disparities in incarceration. In short, this micro-analysis helps to explain when and why the death penalty became a core component of Jim Crow criminal justice.
American Treatise Writers and the Nineteenth-Century Debate on Marriage with a Deceased Wife’s Sister in Transatlantic Context (Angela Fernandez)
Abstract:
The question whether a man could marry the sister of his deceased wife (or whether a woman could marry the brother of her deceased husband) sounds quaint to modern ears. Was this really ever thought to be incest? Yes, it was considered incest by affinity, that is, as a result of a relationship between the parties having been created by marriage, as opposed to incest by consanguinity caused by a blood relationship. Incest by affinity had been prohibited under canon law already long before the time of King Henry VIII, with whose marriages (and their annulments) it was closely associated.1 The status of affinity incest marriages created much vexation in...
The Development of the ‘Modern’ Criminal Law of Evidence in English Law and in France, Germany and the Netherlands: 1750–1900
Abstract:
In this article a comparative historical analysis is given of the development of the criminal law of evidence between 1750 and 1870 in, on the one hand, English law and, on the other hand, in the continental jurisdictions of France, Germany and the Netherlands. The main argument is that, although there were significant differences, there were also important similarities in the development of the criminal law of evidence among these jurisdictions that so far have largely gone unnoticed. The article focuses on the ideas underlying the reform of the criminal law of evidence. It will be argued that there were in particular two important ideological changes in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that shaped the reform of the criminal law of evidence. For lack of a better term, these developments are called the ‘political-constitutional discourse’ and the ‘epistemological discourse’. The epistemological change consisted of the adoption of a probabilistic conception of the certainty that was required in criminal cases. The term ‘political-constitutional discourse’ is meant to designate the general process of rethinking the relationship between the state and its citizens that took place between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.
 Book reviews:

  •  Martha S. Jones, Birthright Citizens: A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America  (Kyle G. Volk)
  •  Whitman, James Q. Hitler’s American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law  (Joseph A. Ross)
  •  Elizabeth Stordeur Pryor, Colored Travelers: Mobility and the Fight for Citizenship before the Civil War (Kristin O'Brassill-Kulfan)
(read more on Cambridge Core)


CALL FOR PAPERS: Waging war and making peace: European ways of inciting and containing armed conflict, 1648-2020 (Venice, 24-26 June 2020) (DEADLINE: 2 December 2019)


(Source: H-Net)

We learned of a call for papers for a conference on war making and peacemaking from Westphalia to the present day.

Call for Papers

Waging war and making peace
European ways of inciting and containing armed conflict, 1648-2020
Eleventh annual conference of the
Research Network on the History of the Idea of Europe
Venice, 24-26 June 2020

The history of Europe is as much about violence and divisions – including religious wars, national clashes and ideological conflicts – as it is about shared cultural, social and economic accomplishments. If war has been such a constant presence in the history unfolding on the continent, the incessant efforts to limit its destructiveness are also an undeniable fact. It was such efforts that eventually led to the birth of Jus ad bellum and, ultimately, laid down the foundations of modern international law. From such a viewpoint, one might even find another definition of what European history might be. Some scholars have suggested that if war has structured a common European space, the containment of violence and the art of peacemaking have constituted ‘Europe’ in thought and practice. In the second half of the eighteenth century, however, Voltaire asserted that the propensity to war and destruction had taken much less possession of the minds of the people of India and China, than of the minds of Europeans, arguing that war has also constituted ‘Europe’ in thought and practice.

All this raises the question what, if anything, may be regarded as ‘typically European’ in ideas of war and peace that referred to, or originated within, Europe and its space. Scholars interested in participating in the eleventh annual conference of the Research Network on the History of the Idea of Europe are invited to consider their research with regards to the meaning and function that concepts such as ‘Europe’, ‘European’, ‘European civilization’ etc. have within the treatises, treaty texts, minutes, speeches, propaganda material, and so on. In our conference discussion, we will try to find out whether there are long-term patterns of ‘Europe’-related discourses concerning peace and war, and if so, what they consist of.

These aspects may be considered in relation to a number of narrower questions, including, but not limited to: How do Jus ad bellum and the various peace treaties, from Westphalia 1648 to Paris 1947, and the international conflict-reducing arrangements, like Minsk 2015, conceive of the nature of war in relation to ideas of Europe? What were and are the ideas of legitimate, just, and unlawful war? Who were or are seen as legitimate and illegitimate actors in wartime? What is the role of terrorism in European perceptions of threat after the 2004–2005 al-Qaeda attacks and the 2015–2017 Islamic State attacks on European soil? How have the differences between war crimes and the crime of war been defined? What are, historically, the legal and philosophical bases of peace treaties? In the European mind, has peace been considered a state of exception, the prevalent and desirable normality, or a utopian ideal that humanity should strive for under European leadership? What have been the conceptual differences between wars amongst Europeans and wars against extra-European populations? Is there a European long-term pattern of war propaganda and enemy depiction? How are peace and war related to moral claims within discourses about Europe? How are efforts to bridge the divide between ‘us’ and the ‘other’ been related to Europe? How are initiatives of reconciliation and understanding construed in connection to ideas of Europe?

The themes listed above are examples and by no means limited to the exclusion of others. Scholars of history, international law, legal history, philosophy, political science, literature and any other discipline related to the topic are invited to send their proposals (max. 300 words, with a title and a short biography) to m.dauria@uea.ac.uk and bellipacisque@libero.it  by December 2nd, 2019. Please note that the working language will be English. There will be no fees for participating.

Sponsors:  
Fondazione Venezia per la Ricerca sulla Pace; Regional Council of Veneto; Venice City Council; Ca’ Foscari University of Venice; Institute for the Study of Ideas of Europe (University of East Anglia)

Scientific Committee:
Matthew D’Auria (University of East Anglia); Fernanda Gallo (University of Cambridge); Florian Greiner (University of Augsburg); Rolf Petri (Ca' Foscari University of Venice); Laura Picchio Forlati (University of Padua); Peter Pichler (Karl-Franzens-University Graz); Jan Vermeiren (University of East Anglia); Anita Ziegerhofer (Karl-Franzens-University Graz)

Organizational Committee:
Matthew D’Auria (University of East Anglia); Rolf Petri (Ca' Foscari University of Venice); Jan Vermeiren (University of East Anglia)




Contact Info: 
Dr Matthew D’Auria
Lecturer in Modern European History and PGR Director 
Co-Editor of History: The Journal of the Historical Association
School of History, University of East Anglia
Norwich, NR47TJ
United Kingdom

Tel.: +44 (0)1603 59 3661
Contact Email: 

(Source: ESILHIL)


CALL FOR PAPERS: International Society for Intellectual History – Change and Exchange (Florence, 27-29 May 2020) (DEADLINE: 15 November 2019)


(Source: ISIH)

We learned of a call for papers for a conference organized by the International Society for Intellectual History. Here the call:

Keynotes: Giancarlo Casale (EUI), Emmanuelle de Champs (Cergy-Pontoise), Laszlò Kontler (CEU), Glenda Sluga (Sydney and EUI)

The suddenness of many recent changes has led to a widespread feeling of bewilderment and led many to retreat into what are seen as safe places and idealised pasts, rejection of difference and increasingly violent and intolerant social exchange. At the same time, the evidence of climate change is making people increasingly aware of the need to rethink our way of life. It therefore seems an appropriate moment to look at how change has been understood and conceptualised in the past, how changes in ways of thinking, concepts and paradigms have come about, the strength of resistance to change, and the role of exchange – intellectual and material – in this process. Change and Exchange proposes to explore historical, philosophical, cultural, material, social, environmental and scientific change, the varieties of social, intellectual, material, economic, etc. exchange and the interactions between the two. It will also look at change and exchange in the field of Intellectual History itself.

Call for Papers

The International Society for Intellectual History (ISIH) invites proposals for papers and panels. Papers (20 mins, followed by 10 mins of discussion), relating to the theme of change and exchange in intellectual history at large, can concentrate on any period, region, tradition or discipline, including the arts, humanities and sciences, 1450 to present. As well as individual papers, we welcome proposals for panels of up to three papers and a commentator. The range of subjects of investigation is extremely broad, and may include, but is not limited to:

  • thinking about change in intellectual history: epistemological breaks, paradigm change and intellectual traditions;
  • interdisciplinarity in intellectual history
  • debates on social, political, economic, scientific, technological, climate, etc. change;
  • writing the history of change; changes of scale in historical understanding
  • interactions between political, social, economic, technological, scientific and intellectual change;
  • promoting and resisting change;
  • informal and institutional exchanges between cultures and their role in bringing about change;
  • sociability and intellectual, scientific, commercial, institutional etc. networks;
  • the theory, practice, history and role of translation.
Proposals for papers and panels are due by 15 November 2019 and must be submitted through the Conference Submission Form.

Sponsor: Department of History and Civilisation, European University Institute.

For general inquiries, please email Francesca.Parenti@eui.eu.

Conference Committee: Ann Thomson, Thomas Ashby, Elisavet Papalexopoulou, Francesca Parent

More information here