Search

07 April 2020

Mario ASCHERI: Rimedi contro le epidemie. I consigli di diritto europeo dei giuristi (secoli XIV-XVI) (Roma: Aracne Editore, 2020). ISBN: 9788825531961, pp. 124, 10,00 €

(Source: Aracne Editrice)


ABOUT THE BOOK

Questa pubblicazione è solo una riedizione d’un volumetto del 1997 occasionata dai tempi calamitosi che il nostro mondo sta purtroppo attraversando e l’urgenza della diffusione spiega sia l’impossibilità di un aggiornamento bibliografico, sia la ricomposizione del testo per ovviare alle carenze della scansione. La pubblicazione era nata come una raccolta di materiali di studio con il proposito di far conoscere agli specialisti studiosi nel nostro tempo di storia delle epidemie, quali espedienti, filtrati dalle conoscenze mediche, i giuristi avevano elaborato da proporre ai governi europei per far fronte alle terribili mortalità epidemiche che periodicamente si abbattevano con drammatica cadenza dopo quella del 1347–49. Diciamo governi “europei” perché gli autori delle opere qui prese in considerazione sono italiani, ma il diritto della necessità pubblica cui essi davano un apporto con le loro pagine era rivolto al pubblico indifferenziato a livello europeo cui si rivolgevano gli insegnamenti universitari. Qui le fonti legali utilizzate sono essenzialmente quelle del diritto romano e del diritto canonico che si insegnavano allora con gli stessi metodi in tutto il Continente, formando il cosiddetto “diritto comune”. E si scrivevano in latino proprio per non avere ostacoli nella comprensione internazionale. Devo solo aggiungere, se mi si consente una nota personale, che il tema drammatico della disciplina normativa della “necessità” è sempre stato presente nel mio lavoro. Lì si lavora “borderline”, con la legalità ufficiale sempre in pericolo, esposta a deroghe ed abusi.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Mario Ascheri è storico del diritto e delle istituzioni, consigliere del Max-Planck-Institut, ha ottenuto durante la sua lunga carriera massimi riconoscimenti civici a Siena e Ventimiglia. È Senior Fellow presso la University of California Berkeley e membro di numerose accademie e società storiche italiane e spagnole.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. La risposta del diritto comune alle epidemie di peste                         p. 9
II. Le epidemie di peste e le misure predisposte dal diritto (parte 1)      p. 33
III. Le epidemie di peste e le misure predisposte dal diritto (parte 2)     p. 65


More information with the publisher.



BOOK: Peter Charles HOFFER & Williamjames HULL HOFFER, The Clamor of Lawyers: The American Revolution and Crisis in the Legal Profession (Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2018), 204 p. ISBN 9781501726088; OPEN ACCESS

(image source: ProjectMuse)

Book abstract:
The Clamor of Lawyers explores a series of extended public pronouncements that British North American colonial lawyers crafted between 1761 and 1776. Most, though not all, were composed outside of the courtroom and detached from on-going litigation. While they have been studied as political theory, these writings and speeches are rarely viewed as the work of active lawyers, despite the fact that key protagonists in the story of American independence were members of the bar with extensive practices. The American Revolution was, in fact, a lawyers’ revolution. Peter Charles Hoffer and Williamjames Hull Hoffer broaden our understanding of the role that lawyers played in framing and resolving the British imperial crisis. The revolutionary lawyers, including John Adams’s idol James Otis, Jr., Pennsylvania’s John Dickinson, and Virginians Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, along with Adams and others, deployed the skills of their profession to further the public welfare in challenging times. They were the framers of the American Revolution and the governments that followed. Loyalist lawyers and lawyers for the crown also participated in this public discourse, but because they lost out in the end, their arguments are often slighted or ignored in popular accounts. This division within the colonial legal profession is central to understanding the American Republic that resulted from the Revolution.
(source: ProjectMuse)

BOOK: Ting ZHANG, Circulating the Code : Print Media and Legal Knowledge in Qing China (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2020). ISBN 9780295747156, $30.00



The University of Washington Press is publishing a book on the diffusion of legal knowledge in Qing China.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Contrary to longtime assumptions about the insular nature of imperial China’s legal system, Circulating the Code demonstrates that in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911) most legal books were commercially published and available to anyone who could afford to buy them. Publishers not only extended circulation of the dynastic code and other legal texts but also enhanced the judicial authority of case precedents and unofficial legal commentaries by making them more broadly available in convenient formats. As a result, the laws no longer represented privileged knowledge monopolized by the imperial state and elites. Trade in commercial legal imprints contributed to the formation of a new legal culture that included the free flow of accurate information, the rise of nonofficial legal experts, a large law-savvy population, and a high litigation rate.

Comparing different official and commercial editions of the Qing Code, popular handbooks for amateur legal practitioners, and manuals for community legal lectures, Ting Zhang demonstrates how the dissemination of legal information transformed Chinese law, judicial authority, and popular legal consciousness.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Ting Zhang is assistant professor of history at the University of Maryland.

More info here

BOOK: María LUZ GONZÁLEZ MESQUITA (ed.), Sociedad, cultura y política en el Antiguo Régimen. Prácticas y representaciones en la monarquía de España [Historia; 24] (Buenos Aires: Biblos, 2019), 488 p. ISBN 978-987-691-773-5, 1098 pesos

(image source: Biblos)

Book abstract:
Los trabajos reunidos en este libro están conectados por una coordenada común: la historia sociocultural de la política. Política y cultura pueden parecer distantes en una primera mirada, pero la interacción de ideas y valores con las necesidades de los poderes políticos resulta un campo fundamental para la mejor comprensión de las sociedades modernas. Desde orientaciones diferentes y con metodologías diversas, los autores que colaboran en la primera parte de esta obra estudian la guerra de sucesión española y los tratados de paz que le pusieron fin. La segunda parte está dedicada a problemas sobre prácticas, actores y representaciones en la sociedad del Antiguo Régimen en el ámbito de la monarquía de España.
Google Preview:

See table of contents here.

(source: Biblos editorial)

ARTICLE: Jeffrey MERRICK, "Sodomy, Suicide, and the Limits of Legal Reform in Eighteenth-Century France" (Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture XLVII (2017), 183-203; OPEN ACCESS

(image source: ProjectMuse)

First paragraph:
Foreign critics who described the French as a frivolous people could have cited two humorous treatments of serious subjects, sodomy and suicide, that provoked laughter in Paris in 1781. According to Le Pot-pourri de Loth, a comical and musical version of the story of Lot in the book of Genesis...
Read more on ProjectMuse.

BOOK: Julien BOUCHET, Fonder Les Républiques Françaises, 1792-1958 (Paris: Librairie LGDJ, 2020). ISBN 978-2-917575-87-1, 17,95 EUR


(Source: Librairie LGDJ)

Librairie LGDJ is publishing a new book on the founding of the different French republics.

ABOUT THE BOOK

L'histoire sinueuse des fondations républicaines est l'objet de ce livre. À travers une approche chronologique et thématique, il est proposé une réflexion sur les tenants et aboutissants de notre destin républicain, une voie qui ne fut pas la seule pendant plusieurs décennies. La république, en tant qu'État de droits et gouvernement des Français par eux-mêmes à travers leurs représentants, pouvait-elle exister sans système politique nommé « République » ? La séquence choisie est large, un peu plus de 150 ans. Elle permettra de mesurer les héritages et les transformations d'un ensemble de constructions institutionnelles, de pratiques et de références culturelles, au premier rang desquels figurent Marianne ou le Panthéon.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Professeur agrégé et docteur en histoire, Julien Bouchet est également chercheur associé au Centre d'Histoire « Espaces et Cultures » de l'Université Clermont-Auvergne. Spécialiste de la France politique et religieuse de la Troisième République (1870-1940), ainsi que de l'histoire de la laïcité, depuis ses origines jusqu'à nos jours, il est l'auteur de nombreux ouvrages de référence dont le fascicule Illustoria Les ennemis de la laïcité (2018).

More info here

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL: Acta Universitatis Lodziensis (Vol. XCI)



The latest issue of the Acta Universitatis Lodziensis has been dedicated to English legal history. Here the contents:

Studia z historii prawa angielskiego. Wprowadzenie
Łukasz Jan Korporowicz
5-8
Badanie osiemnastowiecznych spraw dotyczących oszustwa prowadzonych w Old Bailey: refleksje na temat akt sądowych, archiwów i digitalizacji
Cerian Charlotte Griffiths
9-24
Więcej wspólnego (prawa) niż oryginalnej myśli? Wstępne porównanie teoretyczne Magna Carta i Księgi Elbląskiej
J. Patrick Higgins
25-36
Rzym i prawo rzymskie w angielskiej literaturze i orzecznictwie antyniewolniczym
Łukasz Jan Korporowicz
37-49
Anglo-germańska historiografia prawnicza Johna Mitchella Kemble’a
Michael Stuckey
51-66
Samuel Rutherford – monarchia prawa czy monarchia świętych?
Tomasz Tulejski
67-81
Skuteczność, oddziaływanie i angielska historia prawa
Thomas Glyn Watkin
83-98

The full content of the articles (in English) can be found here

06 April 2020

ARTICLE: François PIERRARD, "L’apport méconnu de Jean Domat (1625-1696) au droit pénal" Dix-Septième Siècle n° 237 (2020), 237-354

(image source: Cairn)

Abstract:
Surtout connu comme ami de Pascal et comme auteur des Loix civiles dans leur ordre naturel, Jean Domat (1625-1696) est aussi l’auteur d’un ouvrage sur le Droit public, encore largement méconnu. Déjà moderne par sa place au sein de cet ensemble publiciste, la doctrine criminaliste de Jean Domat l’est encore plus par ses distinctions des infractions et des finalités de la peine. Le fait d’avoir suscité des continuateurs et des traducteurs/transpositeurs en France et ailleurs en Europe laisse présager l’influence indirecte qu’elle exerça. Une étude du cheminement des idées qui y sont défendues confirme l’apport de Jean Domat au droit pénal et notamment au processus de codification.
Read more on Cairn (DOI http://doi.org/10.3917/dss.202.0237).

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: John Phillip Reid Book Award (DEADLINE: June 1, 2020)


(Source: ASLH)



We learned of the ASLH’s call for nominations for this year’s John Phillipp Reid Book Award.

The John Phillip Reid Book Award is awarded annually for the best monograph by a mid-career or senior scholar, published in English in any of the fields defined broadly as Anglo-American legal history. The prize is named for John Phillip Reid, the prolific legal historian and founding member of the Society, and made possible by the generous contributions of his friends and colleagues. When awarding this prize, preference is given to work that falls within Reid’s own interests in seventeenth- through nineteenth-century Anglo-America and Native American law.

The award is given on the recommendation of the Society’s Committee on the John Phillip Reid Book Award. (First books, written wholly or primarily while the author was untenured, should be sent to the Cromwell Book Prize committee of the William Nelson Cromwell Foundation. The Reid Award and the Cromwell Book Prize are mutually exclusive.)

For the 2019 prize, the Reid Award Committee will accept nominations from authors, presses, or anyone else, of any book that bears a copyright date in 2019. Nominations for the Reid Award should be submitted by June 1, 2020, by sending a curriculum vitae of the author and one copy of the book to each member of the committee.

More info with ASLH

POSTPONED: First Student Conference on Legal History Iustoria (New Date: 14-15 October 2020, Belgrade) (NEW DEADLINE: 31 May 2020)



The Iustoria Student Conference on Legal History has been postponed until October 2020, as a result of the coronavirus epidemic. The organizers have also reopened the call for papers until end of May 2020. More information about the conference (theme: Law Codes and Women) can be found here.

SSRN PAPER: Matthias GOLDMANN, "Contesting Austerity: Genealogies of Human Rights Discourse"

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Abstract:
The dominant understanding of the role of human rights in the context of austerity induced by sovereign debt crises has shifted markedly over time. It reflects, and may have influenced, the genealogies of human rights law in the postwar era. Four different paradigms emerge. During the 1970s, the decade preceding the debt crisis of the 1980s, the idea of austerity as a response to debt crises was contested by the basic (human) needs approach and by the proposal of a New International Economic Order. Both strands of thought showed some affinity with human rights law, although not without ambiguity, understanding self-determination as a structural requirement for ESC rights enjoyment. Counterintuitively, though, the debt crisis beginning in the 1980s silenced, rather than provoked, any form of human rights-based critique. The IMF managed to shift the focus of the debate from human needs to human capital, in line with the emerging Washington Consensus. When the Iron Curtain fell, sovereign debt restructuring became more generous, but debtor states had to pay with ever more intrusive forms of austerity, including structural conditions such as respect for civil and political rights. This “governance paradigm” of human rights was countered by a transformative paradigm of human rights in which civil society articulated its critique of austerity. The IFIs avoided the issue of human rights, but reacted by adding “social” components to austerity that aligned with their focus on efficiency and growth and further entrenched sufficiency. The impact of austerity on the European periphery led to lots of human rights litigation, but a number of structural obstacles prevented its success. Instead, the crisis aftermath saw enormous progress in the political recognition of human rights as a relevant standard for austerity. This has given rise to a new political paradigm of human rights. While this genealogy shows the contingency of human rights discourse in relation to austerity, it reveals their potential for challenging economic expertise and empowering progressive views. The limits of human rights discourse are the limits of our imagination.
Read the full paper here.
(source: International Law Reporter)

WEBSITE/ DATASET: C.A. ROMEIN, Entangled Histories: Ordinances of the Low Countries (KB LAB, 2020)


From the KB LAB website:

This special web collection Entangled Histories: Ordinances of the Low Countries is made up of 108 books of ordinances published in the Early Modern Era in the Low Countries (Habsburg Netherlands and the Dutch Republic). All texts included in this dataset were already digitised through the Google Books Project, or through individual digitisation-projects of several libraries. The readability of these digitised books was improved by using Transkribus’ Automatic Text Recognition (OCR – Abbyy FineReader v.11; HTR-models). These HTR-models were manually trained with GroundTruth data, consequently creating fitting models for Dutch Gothic print, Dutch Roman print and French Roman print. 

Visit the project here.

05 April 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS : “One Empire, Many Colonies, Similar or Different Histories?”, Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society(Auckland, N-Z, 9-12 December), DEADLINE : 15 July

(Source : ANZLHS)


CALL FOR PAPERS (DEADLINE IS ON 15 JULY)  : 

Abstracts are invited from scholars bringing historical perspective on law who wish to gather at The University of Auckland and AUT University – there to listen to and discuss papers and panels on aspects of law in history. The 2020 theme invites a comparative lens on British imperial and colonial histories. Other papers with an historical perspective on law might include work that positions law in a specific temporal frame; deals with histories of law, lawmaking, and legal ideas; or has a focus on legal institutions and their personnel. Proposals from postgraduate and early career researchers are welcome.
Individual paper proposals for a 20 minute presentation must include an abstract (no more than 300 words) and a biographical statement (no more than 100 words).
Panel proposals by 3 or 4 speakers should include the above, plus a panel title and brief rationale for the panel as a whole (no more than 300 words).

SYMPOSIUM : 9-12 DECEMBER 2020
39th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society scheduled to be held in Auckland, 9th-12th December 2020 will go ahead. 

HOW TO APPLY : 

All abstracts must be submitted to Karen Fairweather: k.fairweather@auckland.ac.nz  
Graduate students are invited to apply for Kercher Scholarships to assist them in attending the conference. Please apply to Katherine Sanders: k.sanders@auckland.ac.nz by 31 August.  
 
MORE INFORMATION : https://anzlhs.org/