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23 September 2017

CONFERENCE: The Legal and Political Thought of Francisco Suarez (Bruges, 24-25 November 2017)

                                             (Source: KU Leuven)

The Catholic University of Leuven is convening a conference on Francisco Suarez' legal and political thought in November 2017. 
Content:
Francisco Suárez (1548-1617) is today regarded as a very prominent figure in the intellectual landscape of the later sixteenth century and the beginnings of the seventeenth century. Thanks to the renewed attention to his work throughout the twentieth century, it has become increasingly clear that the magister Eximius holds an original, sometimes even revolutionary position in between many of the dualisms that seem to mark this complex era, between natural rights and the legislator for example, or between ethical objectivism and voluntarism.
Suárez work points in innovative ways towards future thought in fields as diverse as metaphysics and ontology, legal theory, constitutional thought, the law of nature and of nations and just war. In this framework, a number of contemporary debates crystallise around Suárez’ legal and political thought and centre on key notions, such as obligation, or focus on the broader interconnectedness of De legibus and Disputationes metaphysicae. These debates furthermore display a variety of diverging or opposing ideas and interpretations that concern a vast panoply of themes. The role of contract, the concept of natural law, the relation between contingency, history and law, or the subjective meaning of ‘ius’ are just a few examples in this respect. At the same time, research uncovers new fields and sources with respect to Suárez’ influence and intellectual impact, as for example the increasing interest in his legacy in protestant countries shows.
This conference aims to bring together contributions from different backgrounds in Suárez Studies that focus on the various aspects and subfields of Suárez’ multifaceted legal and political thought. Within this framework, papers are invited on any subject of Suarez’ political and legal thought, including his relation to contemporary scholars, his intellectual sources as well as his own later influence and reception.
Scientific Coordinator 
Randall Lesaffer
Contact details
Jo Alaerts 
jo.alaerts@law.kuleuven.be 
Registration fee 
participation 1 day: 50 euros (lunch included) participation 2 days: 100 euros (both lunches included) Registration no later than 15th of November 
More information, as well as the registration link and the program of the conference, can be found at the conference website

 
 

21 September 2017

BOOK: Liviu DAMSU, The Transformation of Property Regimes and Transitional Justice in Central Eastern Europe – In Search of a Theory [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, eds. Georges MARTYN and Mortimer SELLARS] (Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2017), 311 p. ISBN 978-3-319-48530-0, € 118,99

                                            (Image source: Springer)

Book abstract: 
This volume examines the property transformations in post-communist Central Eastern Europe (CEE) and focuses on the role of restitution and privatisation in such transformations. It argues that the theorisation of ‘restitution’ in post-communist CEE is incomplete in the transitional justice scholarship and in the literature on correction of historical wrongs.
The book also argues that, for a more complete theorisation of (post-communist) restitution, the transformations of property in post-communist societies ought to be studied in a more holistic way. The main legal vehicles used for such transformations, privatisation and restitution, should not be studied separately and in abstract, but in their reciprocal relationship, and in connection to the dimension of justice which each could achieve. Finally, the book integrates ‘privatisation’ in a theory of post-communist transformation of property.
Table of contents:
Introduction (1-19)Post-communist Property Transformations and Transitional Justice. Some Historical, Legal and Philosophical Issues (21-52)Justice, Property and Law in Post-communist Transformations of Property (53-98)Post-communist Privatisation: An Incomprehensible Neo-liberal Project? (99-143)Post-communist Restitution Concept and Its Challenges (145-183)Post-communist Restitution and Corrections for ‘Historical Injustice’ (185-213)‘Restitution in Action’ in Post-communist Central Eastern Europe. The Cases of Romania and Poland (215-267)Conclusions (269-289)
More information can be found on the publisher's website


JOURNAL: Law and History Review 35 (2017), Nr. 3

                                   (Source: Cambridge University Press)

The Law and History Review published the third issue of its 2017 volume.

Contents:

Articles

Natural Rights Dissected and Rejected: John Lind's Counter to the Declaration of Independence, Neil L. York (563-593)

“The Law of the New Hebrides is the Protector of their Lawlessness”: Justice, Race and Colonial Rivalry in the Early Anglo-French Condominium, Kate Stevens (595-620)

The Hounds of Empire: Forensic Dog Tracking in Britain and its Colonies, 1888–1953, Binyamin Blum (621-665)

Select Enemy Women and the Laws of War in the American Civil War, Stephanie McCurry (667-710)

‘My land is worth a million dollars’: How Japanese Canadians contested their dispossession in the 1940s, Jordan Stanger-Ross, Nicholas Blomley, The Landscapes of Injustice Research Collective (711-751)

Select Spectral Legal Personality in Interwar International Law: On New Ways of Not Being a State, Natasha Wheatley (753-787)

Select Culture and the Courts in France: the Plaidoirie Sentimentale in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries, James M. Donovan (789-828)

Book Reviews

Jedidiah Joseph Kroncke , The Futility of Law and Development: China and the Dangers of Exporting American Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp 376. $74.00 cloth, Rande Kostal (829-831)

Andrew Porwancher , John Henry Wigmore and the Rules of Evidence: The Hidden Origins of Modern Law. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2016. Pp. 233. $40.00 cloth (ISBN 9780826220868), Michael Ariens (831-833)

Jeffrey Rosen , Louis D. Brandeis: American Prophet. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016. Pp. 256. $25.00 hardcover (ISBN 9780300158670), Joel K. Goldstein (833-835)

Brett Christophers , The Great Leveler: Capitalism and Competition in the Court of Law, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2016. Pp. 348. $45.00 (ISBN 978-0-674-50491-2), Judge Glock (835-837)


Katherine Turk , Equality on Trial: Gender and Rights in the Modern American Workplace. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016. Pp. 284. $45.00 cloth (ISBN 978-0-8122-4820-3), Catherine L. Fisk (837-839)

More information can be found on Cambridge University Press' website

16 September 2017

BOOK: José María BENEYTO & Justo CORTI VARELA (eds.), At the Origins of Modernity: Francisco de Vitoria and the Discovery of International Law [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, eds. Georges MARTYN and Mortimer SELLARS] (Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2017), 217 p. ISBN 978-3-319-62997-1, € 119,59

                                           (image source: Springer)


Book Abstract: 
This book is based on an international project conducted by the Institute for European Studies of the University CEU San Pablo in Madrid and a seminar on Vitoria and International Law which took place on July 2nd 2015 in the convent of San Esteban, the place where Vitoria spent his most productive years as Chair of Theology at the University of Salamanca.  It argues that Vitoria not only lived at a time bridging the Middle Ages and Modernity, but also that his thoughts went beyond the times he lived in, giving us inspiration for meeting current challenges that could also be described as “modern” or even post-modern.
There has been renewed interest in Francisco de Vitoria in the last few years, and he is now at the centre of a debate on such central international topics as political modernity, colonialism, the discovery of the “Other” and the legitimation of military interventions. All these subjects include Vitoria’s contributions to the formation of the idea of modernity and modern international law.
The book explores two concepts of modernity: one referring to the post-medieval ages and the other to our times. It discusses the connections between the challenges that the New World posed for XVIth century thinkers and those that we are currently facing, for example those related to the cyberworld. It also addresses the idea of international law and the legitimation of the use of force, two concepts that are at the core of Vitoria’s texts, in the context of “modern” problems related to a multipolar world and the war against terrorism.
This is not a historical book on Vitoria, but a very current one that argues the value of Vitoria’s reflections for contemporary issues of international law.
Table of Contents:
Anthony Pagden, Introduction: Francisco de Vitoria and the Origins of the Modern Global Order (1-17)
Franco Todescan, From the “Imago Dei” to the “Bon Sauvage”: Francisco de Vitoria and the Natural Law School (21-43)
Simona Langella, The Sovereignty of Law in the Works of Francisco de Vitoria (45-61)
André Azevedo Alves, Vitoria, the Common Good and the Limits of Political Power (63-75)
Andrew Fitzmaurice, The Problem of Eurocentrism in the Thought of Francisco de Vitoria (77-93)
Yolanda Gamarra, On the Spanish Founding Father of Modern International Law: Camilo Barcia Trelles (1888–1977) (95-115)
Mauro Mantovani, Francisco de Vitoria on the “Just War”: Brief Notes and Remarks (119-139)
Francisco Castilla Urbano, Prevention and Intervention in Francisco de Vitoria’s Theory of the Just War (141-153)
Jörg Alejandro Tellkamp, Francisco de Vitoria on Self-defence, Killing Innocents and the Limits of “Double Effect” (155-173)
Pablo Zapatero Miguel, Francisco de Vitoria and the Postmodern Grand Critique of International Law (177-195)
Johannes Thumfart, Francisco de Vitoria and the Nomos of the Code: The Digital Commons and Natural Law, Digital Communication as a Human Right, Just Cyber-Warfare (197-217)

13 September 2017

BOOK: Paulo Emilio VAUTHIER BORGES DE MACEDO, Catholic and Reformed Traditions in International Law. A Comparison between the Suarezian and the Grotian Concept of Ius Gentium [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, eds. Georges MARTYN and Mortimer SELLARS] (Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2017), 309 p. ISBN 978-3-319-59403-3, € 148,39

(image source: Springer)


Book abstract:
This book compares the respective concepts of the law of nations put forward by the Spanish theologian Francisco Suárez and by the Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius. This comparison is based on the fact that both thinkers developed quite similar notions and were the first to depart from the Roman conception, which persisted throughout the entire Middle Ages and the early Renaissance. In Rome, jus gentium was a law that applied to foreigners within the Empire, and one which was often mistaken for Natural Law itself. These two features can be found even in the works of writers such as Francisco de Vitória and Alberico Gentili.
In Suárez and Grotius, the law of nations is applicable to an extra-national domain and inarguably becomes positive law. Yet, it also contains an ethical element that prevents it from transforming into a mere reflection of state interests.
This work argues that this resemblance is hardly a coincidence: Grotius has read Suárez, and that influence has modified the foundations of his early thoughts on jus gentium. This should not be taken to imply that the Dutch jurist wasn’t original: in both authors, the definition of the law of nations pursues his own internal logic. Nevertheless, Suárez’s oeuvre allowed Grotius to solve a fundamental problem touched on in his early writings that had remained unanswered. Accordingly, his oeuvre promises to clarify one of the most significant moments in the History of International Law.
Table of contents:
Introduction (1-11)
The Law of Nations: Between Natural and Positive Law (13-63)
The Foundations of Law in Francisco Suárez (65-118)
The Foundations of Law in Hugo Grotius (119-182)
The Law of Nations in Francisco Suárez (183-243)
The Law of Nations in Hugo Grotius (245-303)
Conclusion (350-309)
On the author:
Paulo Emílio Vauthier Borges de Macedo is an associate professor of International Law at the University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Vice-Coordinator of the Master and Doctorate Programme; Visiting Professor of Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University; Visiting Researcher at Murdoch University; Legal Adviser at the Brazilian Navy War School (EGN); Editor-in-chief of the Rio de Janeiro University Law School Journal; President of the Brazilian section of Communio Journal (Catholic International Journal of Theology and Culture).

08 September 2017

BOOK: Joe SAMPSON, The Historical Foundations of Grotius’ Analysis of Delict [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of Private Law, ed. by C.H. VAN RHEE, Matthew MIROW and DIRK HEIRBAUT; 24,13] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2018), ISBN 9789004344365, € 110

(image source: Brill)


Brill announces the forthcoming publication of the following work:
The Historical Foundations of Grotius’ Analysis of Delict explores the origins of a generalised model of liability for wrongdoing in the history of European private law. Using Grotius as its focal point, it analyses the extent to which earlier civilian and theological doctrine shaped his views. It divides Grotius’ approach into three elements – the infringement of a right, fault, and remediation – and traces the development of parallel concepts in earlier traditions. It argues that Grotius was influenced by the writings of Thomists to a far greater extent than has previously been acknowledged, virtually eclipsing any sign of civilian influence except where Romanist learning had already been incorporated into theological doctrine.
On the author:
Joe Sampson, Ph.D. (2016) is the David Li Fellow in Law at Selwyn College in the University of Cambridge. The present work was his doctoral thesis, supervised by Professor David Ibbetson. 

BOOK: Mauricio NOVOA, The Protectors of Indians in the Royal Audience of Lima: History, Careers and Legal Culture, 1575-1775 [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of Private Law, eds. C.H. VAN RHEE, Matthew MIROW and Dirk HEIRBAUT; 19,10] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2016), X + 325 p. ISBN 9789004305168

(image source: Brill)

Book abstract:
In The Protectors of Indians in the Royal Audience of Lima: History, Careers and Legal Culture, 1575-1775 Mauricio Novoa offers an account of the institution that developed in the vice-royalty of Peru for the protection of Indians before the high courts of justice. Making use of historical materials, Novoa provides a comprehensive view on the formation of the legal elite in Lima during the colonial period; reviews the litigation undertaken by indigenous plaintiffs, and explains the legal culture that allowed the development of juristic doctrine around the Indian personal status.
Table of contents:
Table of contents
Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations, Charts and Tables
List of Abbreviations
Introduction
Bishop Protectors
Protectors of Indians in the Audience of Lima
Social Characteristics
Advancement and Careers
Economic Position
Legal Culture
Litigation at the Royal Audience of Lima
Conclusion
Appendices
Appendix 1: Biographical Notes
Appendix 2: The Library of Cipriano de Medina (1635)
Appendix 3: The Library of García José Lasso de Vega (1775)
Appendix 4: Procurators of Indians in the Real Audiencia of Lima, 1552–1789
Bibliography  
Index 
On the author:
Mauricio Novoa was educated in Lima and Cambridge, and has published on various aspects of Latin American legal and intellectual history. 

JOURNAL: American Journal of Legal History LVII (2017), Nr. 2

(image source: Oxford UP)


The American Journal of Legal History published the second issue of its 2017 volume.

Contents:
"Law, Religion, and Debt Relief: Balancing above the ‘Abyss of Despair’ in Early Modern Canon Law and Theology" (Wim Decock)

"A Miscellaneous Network: The History of FIDE 1961-94" (Rebekka Byberg)

"The Poll Tax before Jim Crow" (Brian Sawers)

"Principle and Politics in the New History of Originalism" (Logan E. Sawyer, III)

Book symposium
"Introduction: The People’s Welfare, Law, and the Modern American State" (Roman J. Hoyos)

"William J. Novak’s The People’s Welfare and the New Historiography of the Early Federal State" (Gautham Rao)

"The Consequential State: Public Law and the Release of Energy in Nineteenth-Century America" (Kyle G. Volk)

"The People's Welfare, Police Powers, and the Rights of Free People of African Descent" (Kate Masur)

"From the Well-Regulated Society to the Modern American State" (Karen M. Tani)

"Response: The People’s Welfare Redux" (William J. Novak)

Book reviews

07 September 2017

JOURNAL: Rechtsgeschichte - Legal History 25 (2017): Multinormativity, Criminal Law and Emotions

(image source: rechtsgeschichte)

The journal Rechtsgeschichte-Legal History, published in open access by the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt, released its 2017 issue.

Contents:

Focus 1: Multinormativity
Was ist ›Multinormativität‹? – Einführende Bemerkungen (Thomas Duve)
Collaborative Legal Pluralism. Confessors as Law Enforcers in Mercado’s Advice on Economic Governance (1571) (Wim Decock)
Formen und Konkurrenzen juristischer Normativitäten im »Ius Commune« und in der Differentienliteratur (17./18. Jh.) (Heinz Mohnhaupt)
Multinormativität in der Gelehrtenkultur? Versuche der Normierung »guter gelehrter Praxis« im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert (Marian Füssel)
Ehrengerichtliche Rechtsprechung im Kaiserreich und der Weimarer Republik. Multinormativität in einer mononormativen Rechtsordnung? (Peter Collin)
Normpluralismus als Ausdruck der Funktionsrationalität des Rechts (Oliver Lepsius)
Synästhetische Normativität (Daniel Daumler)
Translating Institutional Templates: A Historical Account of the Consequences of Importing Policing Models into Argentina (Matías Dewey, Daniel Pedro Míguez)
The History of National Contact Points and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (Sander van 't Foort)
Rechtspluralismus in der Rechtsgeschichte (Ralph Seinecke)
The Languages of Multinormativity (Gunnar Folke Schuppert)

Focus 2: Criminal Law and Emotions
Introduction: Criminal Law and Emotions in Modern Europe. With an Introductory Note on Images of Legal Feeling (Daphne Rozenblatt)
Negotiating Justice and Passion in European Legal Cultures, ca. 1500–1800 (Stephen Cummins)
Legal Insanity: Towards an Understanding of Free Will Through Feeling in Modern Europe (Daphne Rozenblatt)
Beyond Dispassion: Emotions and Judicial Decision-Making in Modern Europe (Pavel Vasilyev)
Rhetorical Engineering of Emotions in the Courtroom: the Case of Lawyers in Modern France (Gian Marco Vidor)

Research articles
Time, Law, and Legal History – Some Observations and Considerations (Andreas Thier)
Appetitus Socialis Berolinensis. Unternehmensrecht in der Berliner Republik (Jan Thiessen)

Book reviews
Rechtliche Gelegenheitsgedichte (Thilo Kunz)
Rechtspluralismen (Ralph Seinecke)
Eine Theorie mittlerer Reichweite (Peter Collin)
Von Gerichtslandschaften, Zentren und Peripherien (Caspar Ehlers)
Neue Forschungen zu alten Forschern. Über biographische Ansätze einer Historisierung der Mediävistik (Simon Groth)
Sobre los retos de pensar al Estado históricamente (Karla Escobar)
The Invention of the Printing Press: Changing Legal Culture in England (Niels Pepers)
El concepto de ley en los escolásticos salmantinos. Intereses y perspectivas cruzadas entre la historia de la filosofía y la historia del derecho (José Luis Egío)
Und grün des Lebens goldner Baum (Peter Oestmann)
»Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach! in meiner Brust …« – die zwei personae des Gesandten (Jessika Nowak)
Mit ›verbalen‹ und ›realen‹ Waffen kämpfen – italienische Diplomatie im langen Quattrocento (Jessika Nowak)
... el valore de’ prìncipi si cognosce dalla qualità degli uomini mandano fuora – gli incaricati di missioni diplomatiche di Massimiliano I (Jessika Nowak)
L’artista della negoziazione tra gli Stati: l’ambasciatore (Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina)
Zuviel der Ehre! (Milos Vec)
Mannigfaltig und veränderlich: Recht in der Geschichte der Diplomatie (Karl-Heinz Lingens)
Der Gemischtwarenladen des Europäischen Gesellschaftsrechts in den Niederlanden und Flandern (Jasper Kunstreich)
Seeleute in der frühen Neuzeit (Phillip Hellwege)
Columbus’s Inheritance. A New Edition of the (Misnamed) Pleitos Colombinos (José Luis Egío)
Multinormatividad cotidiana (Pilar Mejía)
Raza y nación en la longue durée del imperio español (siglos XVI–XIX) (Angela Ballone)
Koloniales Dreiecksverhältnis zwischen Religion, Sprache und Recht (Lorena Ossio Bustillos)
Normatividades religiosas en la conformación de un sistema jurídico colonial en México (David Rex Galindo)
Navegando hacia el Este. Nuevas investigaciones sobre la esclavitud en el Imperio Español (Max Deardorff)
Taking Legal Proceedings Seriously (Mariana Armond Dias Paes)
The Complexity of Settler Colonialism in Jamaica (Helen McKee)
»Protokonstitutionalismus« als eine neue Phase in der Geschichte der Verfassung des Alten Reiches? (Heinz Mohnhaupt)
Von den Schwierigkeiten, ein Imperium zu ordnen (Heinhard Steiger)
Recht und Arbeit in der französischen Geschichte (Michèle Dupré)
From Justice of the Peace to Women’s Rights: A Glimpse of Jean-Pierre Nandrin’s Contributions to Legal History (Quentin Jouan)
Gemeineigentum als Katalysator (Pamela Alejandra Cacciavillani)
In flagranti – Tötungsdelikte in der Ehe (Gerhard Fritz)
Fugitives and the Borderland in North America, 1819–1914 (Emily Whewell)
Escribir la historia global del derecho penal moderno (Alfons Aragoneses)
China als Spiegel der amerikanischen Rechtsidentität (Stefan Kroll)
Alter Kontinent neu (Ulrich Jan Schröder)
Quid novus on Schmitt and Space? (Caspar Ehlers)
The Epoch of Westintegration (Felix Lange)
Unity Through Law: Revisiting the Constitutionalisation of Europe (Karin Van Leeuwen)
Everyday Strategizing in Africa: Local Actors Negotiating State Norms, Histories and Local Custom (Katayoun Alidadi)

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international XIX (2017), No. 3

(image source: Brill)

The Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international published its third issue.

Table of contents:
Emily Crawford, "Tracing the Historical and Legal Development of the Levée en Masse in the Law of Armed Conflict" (329-361)

Steven Harris, "Taming Arbitration: States’ Men, Lawyers, and Peace Advocates from the Hague to the War" (362-396)

Leonardo Valladares Pecheco de Oliveira, "Overcoming the Challenges in Establishing Arbitration in Brazil: A Historical Perspective" (397-421)

Book reviews:
"The Right to Wage War (jus ad bellum). The German Reception of Grotius 50 Years after De iure belli ac pacis , written by Harald H. Aure" (Frederik Dhondt) (423-428)

JOURNAL: Giornale di Storia costituzionale n° 33 (2017/1): On Russia and around: visions and ideologies between past and present

(image source: University of Macerata)

The Giornale di Storia costituzionale published its 33th issue (2017, first Semester), featuring a theme issue "On Russia and around: visions and ideologies between past and present".

Table of contents:
Sommario / Contents:
Luigi Lacchè, Sulla Russia e dintorni / On Russia and aroundFONDAMENTI
Roberto Valle, Genealogie del costituzionalismo in Russia dal XVIII al XX secolo / The Genealogies of Russian constitutionalism from the 18th to the 20th centuriesRenata Gravina, Teorie e prassi delle costituzioni sovietiche e della costituzione post-sovietica del 1993: dall’URSS alla Federazione Russa / Theories and Practices of Soviet Constitutions and of the 1993’s Post-Soviet Constitution: from the USSR to the Russian FederationEvgeniy M. Kozhokin, Olga N. Zherelina, The nation at the change of epochs. Russian state and society at the turn of the XX century / La nazione nel mutamento di epoche. Lo Stato russo e la società al volgere del XX secoloTatyana Yu. Ampleeva, Julia A. Karaulova, Constitutional Control in Russia: issues of evolvement, theory and practice / Controllo costituzionale in Russia: elementi di evoluzione, teoria e prassiInna Vladimirovna Logvinova, Constitutional bases of the Russian Federation subjects’ international activity: historical context / Basi costituzionali dell’attività internazionale degli Stati federali della Federazione russa: il contesto storicoOlga Grigorieva, Constitutional basis for international cooperation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics / Basi costituzionali per la cooperazione internazionale dell’Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste SovieticheElena V. Voevoda, Anatoliy Yu. Belogurov, Lidiya P. Kostikova, Nadezhda M. Romanenko, Margarita V. Silantyeva, Language policy in the Russian Empire: legal and constitutional aspect / Politica della lingua nell’Impero russo: aspetti legali e costituzionaliStanislav Surovtcev, Historical aspects and the meaning of lobbying from a legal perspective / Aspetti storici e significato del lobbismo da una prospettiva giuridicaITINERARI
Genri T. Sardaryan, Dzerassa Eleeva , Post-revolutionary catholic social teaching: Risorgimento, Syllabus and the failed liberalization / L’insegnamento sociale cattolico post-rivoluzionario: Risorgimento, Sillabo e la liberalizzazione fallitaIgor Okunev, Capitals and capitalness: institutional and symbolic dimensions (comparative analysis of Russian and Italian cases) / Capitali e “capitalità”: dimensioni istituzionali e simboliche (analisi comparativa di casi russi e italiani)Igor Levakin, Juridification of freedom in Europe: legal history / Giuridicizzazione della libertà in Europa: storia legaleRobert Yengibaryan, The Institution of Presidency in the USA / L’istituzione della Presidenza negli USASergey G. Kamolov, Digital public governance: trends and risks / Governo pubblico digitale: tendenze e rischiMarina M. Lebedeva, Maxim V. Kharkevich, Elena S. Zinovieva, Ekaterina N. Koposova, The impact of information technologies on development of archaic state structures / L'impatto delle tecnologie dell’informazione sullo sviluppo di strutture statali arcaicheRICERCHE
Cristina BonImmaginare una nazione. Origini e contraddizioni del nation-building americano/ Imagining a nation. Origins and contradictions of the American nation-buildingMatteo Frau, L’equilibrio originario dei poteri di guerra nella Costituzione americana / The original balance of war powers in the US ConstitutionAlessandra Petrone, Carré de Malberg e l’eredità della Rivoluzione: sovranità nazionale versus sovranità del popolo / Carré de Malberg and the heritage of the Revolution: national sovereignty versus sovereignty of the people
LIBRIDO
Primo piano / In the foregroundGiuseppe Mecca legge / reads Romano Ferrari Zumbini, Tra norma e vita. Il mosaico costituzionale a Torino 1846-1849Venti proposte di lettura / Twenty reading proposals
More information on the journal's website, where certain articles are available in open access (cf. green links above).

ESCLH POSTGRADUATE CONFERENCE: Call for Papers, Augsburg University (22-24 Feb 2018); DEADLINE 31 OCT 2017

Postgraduate Conference in Comparative Legal History
22–24 February 2018, Augsburg University, Germany
Call for Papers
The European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCLH) is pleased to announce its first Postgraduate Conference. The ESCLH invites PhD-students (beyond their first year) and post-doctoral-researchers who work in the field of comparative legal history to participate in the conference. The conference will be held from 22 to 24 February 2018 at Augsburg University, Germany.
The ESCLH wants to overcome the narrow nationalism and geographical segregation of legal history in contemporary European scholarship and professional organisations. The society, thus, aims to promote comparative legal history, the explicit comparison of legal ideas and institutions in two or more legal traditions.
The first Graduate Conference of the ESCLH will give advanced PhD-students and post-doctoral-researchers the opportunity to present their research in the field of comparative legal history to a panel of six leading experts. Furthermore, the conference will give all participants the opportunity to build academic networks. The experts on the panel cover a broad range of subjects: Ulrike Babusiaux (Zürich), Mia Korpiola (Turku), Wim Decock (Leuven), Jan Hallebeek (Amsterdam), Aniceto Masferrer (Valencia), Stephen Skinner (Exeter).
The ESCLH invites advanced doctoral candidates and post-doctoral researchers to submit abstracts for presentation. The abstract should be of no more than 300 words and give the title of your research project, your field of research, and your personal data (full name, email address, affiliated university, CV) to:

The conference language is English and abstracts must be submitted in English. The closing date for receipt of abstracts is 31 October 2017. 12 applicants will be selected and invited to participate in the conference. Successful applicants will be informed by 15 December 2017. Participants are expected to cover their own travel expenses. Accommodation and catering will be provided without charge.

06 September 2017

BOOK: Jean-Louis HALPÉRIN, Introduction au droit en 10 thèmes [Séquences] (Paris: Dalloz, 2017), 300 p. ISBN 9782247169474, € 14,9


Jean-Louis Halpérin (ENS) published a new Introduction au droit.

Abstract:
Le présent ouvrage réinvente au travers de 10 séquences les grands thèmes abordés dans l'enseignement de l'introduction au droit. Liant histoire et sources du droit, hiérarchie des normes et droit européen, ces 10 séquences permettent d'aborder différemment la matière juridique en revenant sur les grandes notions qui la constituent mais également en proposant des situations qui montrent leur mise en application.
Table of contents:
 1 Le droit créé par les lois
2 Le droit créé par les jugements
3 L'État créé par le droit
4 La constitution au sommet de chaque ordre juridique national
5 Le droit international et européen en surplomb
6 La défense des intérêts juridiquement protégés
7 Doctrines et sciences du droit
8 Unité et diversité du droit
9 Le travail des juristes et les cultures juridiques
10 Les pratiques des non-juristes et les représentations du droit
More information here.

JOURNAL: Revue historique de droit français et étranger 2017/1

(image source: IHD)

The Institut d'histoire du droit (Paris II Panthéon-Assas) announced the new issue of the Revue historique de droit français et étranger:

Articles
- Anne Lefebvre-Teillard, 'Un précieux témoin de l'École de droit canonique parisienne à l'aube du XIIIe siècle: le manuscrit 649 de la bibliothèque municipale de Douai' (1-58)
- Julien Broch, 'L'intérêt général avant 1789. Regard historique sur une notion capitale du droit public français' (59-86)
- Mathilde Lemée, 'La "doctrine gouvernementale" de la justice administrative: l'exemple des projets de loi d'organisation du Conseil d'État (1833-1845) (87-104)

Comptes rendus (pp. 105-124)
Full list here.

BOOK: Dave DE RUYSSCHER, Albrecht CORDES, Serge DAUCHY & Heikki PIHLAJAMÄKKI (eds.), The Company in Law and Practice: Did Size Matter? (Middle Ages-Nineteenth Century) [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of Private Law, ed. C.H. van RHEE, Dirk HEIRBAUT & Matthew C. MIROW; 23/12] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2017); ISBN 9789004348493, € 110

(image source: brill)

Book abstract:
This volume brings together nine chapters by specialist legal historians that address the topic of the scale and size of companies, in both legal and economic history. The bundled texts cover different periods, from the Middle Ages, the Early Modern Period, to the nineteenth century. They analyse the historical development of basic features of present-day corporations and of other company types, among them the general and limited partnership. These features include limited liability and legal personality. A detailed overview is offered of how legal concepts and mercantile practice interacted, leading up to the corporate characteristics that are so important today.
Contributors are: Anja Amend-Traut, Luisa Brunori, Dave De ruysscher, Stefania Gialdroni, Ulla Kypta, Bart Lambert, Annamaria Monti, Carlos Petit, and Bram Van Hofstraeten.
Table of contents:
AcknowledgmentsList of Figures and Tables
IntroductionDave De ruysscher, Albrecht Cordes, Serge Dauchy and Heikki Pihlajamäki
1 What is a Small Firm? Some Indications from the Business Organization of Late Medieval German MerchantsUlla Kypta
2 Making Size Matter Less: Italian Firms and Merchant Guilds in Late Medieval BrugesBart Lambert
3 Late Scholasticism and Commercial Partnership: Persons and Capitals in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth CenturiesLuisa Brunori
4 Legal Structure of Early Enterprises—from Commenda-like Arrangements to Chartered Joint-Stock Companies (Early Modern Period)Anja Amend-Traut
5 Delving for Diversity in Early Modern Company Law: Mining Companies in Seventeenth-Century LiègeBram Van Hofstraeten
6 Incorporation and Limited Liability in Seventeenth-Century England: The Case of the East India CompanyStefania Gialdroni
7 From Commercial Guilds to Commercial Law: Spanish Company Regulations (1737–1848)Carlos Petit
8 Partnerships as Flexible and Open-Purpose Entities: Legal and Commercial Practice in Nineteenth-Century Antwerp (c. 1830–c. 1850)Dave De ruysscher
9 Form, Size, “Governance”: Remarks on Italian Late Nineteenth-Century CompaniesAnnamaria Monti
Index 

On the editors:
Dave De ruysscher, Ph.D. (2009), is Associate Professor at Tilburg University and at Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Being legal historian and lawyer, he specializes in the history of commercial and private law of the early modern period and the nineteenth century.

Albrecht Cordes is Professor of Medieval and Early Modern Legal History and Civil Law at the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main. His research is especially focused on the history of commercial law, Hanseatic legal history and the history of conflict resolution.
Serge Dauchy is Research Director at the CNRS (Lille-France) and Professor of Legal History at the University Saint-Louis of Brussels. His main research topics are the history of civil procedure, comparative history of central courts and the history of Québec.
Heikki Pihlajamäki is Professor of Comparative Legal History at the University of Helsinki. He has published extensively on the legal history of Scandinavia, Europe and America, including Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630 – 1710): A Case of Legal Pluralism in Early Modern Europe (Brill, 2017).

BOOK: Ignacio DE LA RASILLA Y DEL MORAL, In the Shadow of Vitoria: A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953) [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of International Law, 22/9] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Njihoff/Brill, Nov 2017), ISBN 978900434221, € 132

(image source: Brill)


Brill announced the forthcoming publication of In the Shadow of Vitoria: A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953), written by Prof. dr. Ignacio de la Rasilla y del Moral (Brunel University, London).

Abstract:

24 August 2017

BOOK: Assaf LIKHOVSKI, Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel (New York: Cambridge University Press), 352 p. ISBN 9781107176294, £ 90

Assaf Likhovski (Tel Aviv University) published Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel in the “Studies in Legal History” series (Cambridge University Press).

(Image source: CUP)

About the Book:
This book describes how a social-norms model of taxation rose and fell in British-ruled Palestine and the State of Israel in the mid-twentieth century. Such a model, in which non-legal means were used to foster compliance, appeared in the tax system created by the Jewish community in 1940s Palestine and was later adopted by the new Israeli state in the 1950s. It gradually disappeared in subsequent decades as law and its agents, lawyers and accountants, came to play a larger role in the process of taxation. By describing the historical interplay between formal and informal tools for creating compliance, Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel sheds new light on our understanding of the relationship between law and other methods of social control, and reveals the complex links between taxation and citizenship.

About the author:
Assaf Likhovski is a professor of law and legal history at Tel-Aviv University Faculty of Law. He is the author of Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine (2006), which was awarded the Yonathan Shapiro Best Book Award in Israel Studies.

                                      
Table of contents:
Introduction: the intimate fiscal state
Part I. The Rise of Income Taxation:
1. Before the income tax: Jewish Ottoman, and early mandatory taxation
2. The introduction of income taxation in mandatory Palestine
Part II. The Ascendancy of Social Norms:
3. Taxation without law: the Jewish voluntary tax system
4. Law and social norms in early Israeli taxation
Part III. The Transformation of Israeli Taxation and its Law:
5. The rise of tax experts: accountants, lawyers, and economists
6. The transformation of tax law: doctrinal and legislative changes

More information:

18 August 2017

SCHOLARSHIP: Lourdes Lascurain de Doucet & Gaston Ducet Library (DEADLINE 15 SEP 2017)

(image source: MPI Frankfurt)

The MPI for European Legal History has a scholarship available to work on the library of Lourdes Lascurain de Doucet and Gaston Doucet. The scholarship supports a stay in Frankfurt for scientific research related to the library collection, starting between January and March 2018, for maximum 90 days (lump sum of € 44/day). Travel costs will be reimbursed. An appartment at the Institute can be rented at about € 650/month.

The scholarship is specifically directed at scholars who do not reside in Frankfurt, or come from Latin America.

Information concerning the application (in Spanish):
Para facilitar el acceso a la colección a jóvenes investigadoras e investigadores no residentes en Frankfurt, especialmente provenientes de América Latina, interesados en hacer uso de este importante fondo, el Instituto Max Planck para la Historia del Derecho Europeo otorga anualmente un subsidio para una estancia de investigación durante un periodo de 3 meses en el Instituto. La primera convocatoria de la “Beca Doucet” se encuentra abierta y el plazo para el envío de las aplicaciones es el día Viernes 15 de Septiembre de 2017, para una estancia de Enero a Marzo de 2018 (02.01-30.03.18). Concretamente, el apoyo consta de: 44 € diarios, por un máximo de 90 días; reembolso del tiquete aéreo (hasta 1000 € para vuelos trasatlánticos, 500 € para vuelos desde Europa). Además existe la posibilidad de alquilar una habitación en las residencias del Instituto (disponible para meses completos y costos approx. 650 € por mes). Pueden presentarse jóvenes investigadores que presenten propuestas sobre la historia del derecho colonial, directamente relacionados con las monografías y ediciones de fuentes que conforman el Fondo Doucet. Para consultar los títulos que conforman el Fondo, puede acceder al catálogo de la biblioteca del instituto e ingresar “Provenienz Doucet” en el campo de búsqueda básica del Opac: https://sunrise.rg.mpg.de/webOPAC Las aplicaciones (CV, descripción del proyecto y carta de motivación en relación al uso del Fondo Doucet) se recibirán hasta el 15 de Septiembre 2017, dirigidas al Prof. Thomas Duve, al correo electrónico: sekduve@rg.mpg.de.
More information here.

15 August 2017

ARTICLE: Anne HOLTHOEFER, Construction of International Crime: Lawyers, States, and the Origin of International Criminal Prosecution in the Interwar Period (Law & Social Inquiry XLII (2017), No. 3, 711-743)


Anne Holthoefer (Saint Anselm College) published an article on the "construction of international crime" and the interbellum.

Abstract:
This article explains the development of international crime as a legal category. I argue that states’ pursuit of political rights claims empowers international lawyers to develop new legal categories to grant states new tools to pursue their interests. At the same time, lawyers have a stake in defending the autonomy of law from politics, thus pushing for the development of legal norms and institutions that go beyond the original state intent. States’ turn to law thus begets more law, expanding the legal and institutional tools to solve international problems while simultaneously enforcing a commitment to principles of legality. To demonstrate the plausibility of the theory, the article studies the construction of the concept of an international crime in the interwar period (1919–1939). In response to the Allies’ attempt to prosecute the German Emperor, international lawyers sought the codification of international criminal law and drafted enforcement mechanisms. The interwar legal debate not only introduced international crime into the legal and political vocabulary, it also legitimized a new set of institutional responses to violations of international law, namely, international criminal prosecution.
Source: International Law Reporter.
More information with Wiley.

CONFERENCE: Humanitarianism and the Remaking of International Law: History, Ideology, Practice, Technology (Melbourne, 31 May-1 June 2018)

(image source: Blogger
Conference Humanitarianism and the Remaking of International Law: History, Ideology, Practice, Technology
Call for Papers: Deadline 1 September 2017
The language and logic of humanitarianism occupy an increasingly central place in international law. Humanitarian reason has shaped the ideology, practice, and technologies of international law over the past century, including through the redescription of the laws of war as international humanitarian law, the framing of mass displacement and armed conflict as ‘humanitarian’ crises, the use of humanitarian justifications for intervention, occupation, and detention, and the representation of international law as an expression of the conscience of humanity.
For some, this trend is clearly positive – international law is reimagined as humanity’s law, humanity as the alpha and omega of international law. Yet critics have pointed to the dark side of these developments and of the humanitarian logic operating within international law, arguing that consolidation of the laws of war has served the interests of powerful groups and states at key moments of potential challenge to existing systems of rule, humanitarianism has been taken up as a language to rationalise the violence of certain forms of occupation, intervention, and warfare, international humanitarian law has displaced other more constraining forms of law as the world becomes imagined as a global battlefield, humanitarian NGOs have served as a fifth column that has enabled particular forms of social transformation and constrained others, and a supposedly impartial humanitarianism has displaced politics.
This conference will bring together scholars working in law, history, international relations, and political theory to think critically about the ideology, institutions, practices, and technologies that condition modern humanitarianism and its relation to international law. Confirmed speakers include Amanda Alexander, Leila Brännström, Markus Gunneflo, Helen Kinsella, Martti Koskenniemi, Dino Kritsiotis, Frédéric Mégret, Naz Modirzadeh, Gregor Noll, Rose Parfitt, Hani Sayed, Ntina Tzouvala, Boyd van Dijk, and Fabia Veçoso. Selected papers will be published in an edited collection by a leading publisher.
Paper proposals related to the conference theme are now invited. Possible topics for papers include:
  • laws of war and the social question
  • international humanitarian law and revolution
  • decolonisation and the remaking of international humanitarian law
  • humanitarian intervention and occupation in international law and history
  • humanitarian and securitisation responses to dispossession, displacement, and refugees
  • international humanitarian law and the framing of civil war
  • international humanitarian law and national liberation movements
  • incidents and events in the history of international humanitarian law-making
  • humanitarian law and human rights law in the 'global' battle space
  • humanitarian organisations and the politics of intervention
  • the relation of humanitarianism and counter-terrorism in international law
  • knowledge production and international humanitarian law
  • humanitarian law and visual culture 
  • international humanitarian law and practices of distinction
  • the technologies of humanitarian law and war
  • humanitarian law and algorithmic warfare
  • humanitarianism and the penal turn in international law
  • the meanings of humanitarian law across time and space
  • the political economy of international humanitarianism
  • critical geographies of international humanitarian law
  • international law after humanity
Those proposing papers for presentation at the Conference should submit a one page abstract and brief bio by email to Professor Anne Orford at laureate-intlaw@unimelb.edu.au by 1 September 2017. 

(source: International Law Reporter)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: David Berg Foundation for Law and History, Tel Aviv University (bibliography on Israeli legal history)

(image source: Tel Aviv University)

David Schorr reports on H-Law that a new bibliography of Israeli legal history has been published by the David Berg Foundation Institute for Law and History at Tel Aviv University.

More information here.

CONFERENCE: Great Christian Jurists (Maria Laach, 28-29 Sep 2017)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Prof. Mathias Schmoeckel (Universität Bonn) organises a conference on Great Christian Jurists.


Programme:
September 28, 2017
16:00
Welcome Reception / Registration / Coffee
17:00 – 18:00
Eike von Repgow (Tilman Repgen, University of Hamburg)
18:00 – 19:00
Johann von Buch (Mathias Schmoeckel, University of Bonn)
19:00 – 20:00
Andreas Gaill (Wolfgang Forster, University of Tübingen)
20:30
Dinner

September 29, 2017
08:30 – 09:30
Samuel von Pufendorf (Robert von Friedeburg, Erasmus University Rotterdam)
09:30 – 10:30
Christian Thomasius (Christoph Strohm, University of Heidelberg)
10:30 – 11:30
Carl Gottlieb Svarez (Sebastian Michels, University of Bonn)
11:30 – 12:30
Friedrich Carl von Savigny (Joachim Rückert, University of Frankfurt)
12:30 – 13:30
Friedrich Julius Stahl (Heinrich de Wall, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
13:30 – 14:30
Lunch
14:30 – 15:30
Karl Friedrich Eichhorn (Steffen Schlinker, University of Greifswald)
15:30 – 16:30
Sylvester Jordan (Hans-Georg Hermann, University of Munich)
16:30 – 17:30
Moritz August von Bethmann-Hollweg (Hans-Peter Haferkamp, University of Cologne
17:30 – 18:30
Maximilian Anton von Seydel (Malte Becker, University of Bonn)
18:30 – 19:30
Rudolf Sohm (Andreas Thier, University of Zurich)
20:00
Dinner

Source: HSozKult

BOOK REVIEW: Hans-Jürgen BECKER reviews Franck ROUMY, Mathias SCHMOECKEL & Orazio CONDORELLI (eds.), Der Einfluss der Kanonistik auf die europäische Rechtskultur



Recensio.net published a review by Hans-Jürgen Becker of Franck Roumy, Mathias Schmoeckel and Orazio Condorelli's collective work on the influence of canon law on European legal culture, published originally in the Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung 2016/4.

Fulltext here (public law) and here (penal law and penal procedure).

CALL FOR PAPERS: Fifth International Conference of the History of Political Thought, "Crisis and Renewal in the History of Political Thought" (Heidelberg, 11-13 Oct 2018); DEADLINE 30 Sep 2017



The European Society for the History of Political Thought (ESHPT, http://europoliticalthought.wordpress.com ) invites proposals for individual papers and panels for its next international conference. In view of the contiguous research areas with (comparative) legal history, we reproduce the call:

Amongst the keywords that have shaped the language of media, public conversation, politico-economic discourse and academic debate in the last few years, ‘crisis’ holds a prominent place. The term is applied to a huge variety of domains: from the never-ending cries of a ‘global economic crisis’ to descriptions of war zones as ‘crisis-torn’, on to characterisations of professionals as ‘crisis-experts’ as well as references to governmental ‘crisis-management’ teams. The frequency with which the word is utilised though does not signify clarity of meaning, nor does it denote historical and theoretical accuracy with regard to its origins and usages. In fact, the wide range of uses makes it for much uncertainty: from indicating stark alternatives and non-negotiable decisions, it has assumed vague connotations, which might be seen as a sign that the current historical era is deeply marked by instability and lack of clear direction(s).
If the Oxford English Dictionary stresses that ‘crisis’ pointed, first and foremost, to the medical sense of ‘the turning-point of a disease for better or worse’, before the connotations closer to those normally referred to nowadays, that is of ‘times of difficulty, insecurity, and suspense in politics or commerce’, it is important to underline that plenty of historians have reflected on crisis from different angles. Economic and social historians (Eric Hobsbawm, Hugh Trevor-Roper, Roland Mousnier, Geoffrey Parker and others) have addressed the ‘general crisis of the seventeenth century’ as a series of calamities in Europe inaugurating the dynamic development of capitalism and the emergence of modern states. In a similar vein, Paul Hazard described the late seventeenth-century ‘crisis of the European mind’ as leading to the Enlightenment, while according to Reinhart Koselleck enlightened ‘critique’ represented a challenge (i.e. of the political by the social, ethical and cultural), and ‘crisis’ the moment of subversion. In each of these approaches the idea of ‘crisis’ comes across as a kind of ‘testing time’ that might give rise to new experimentation. As a matter of fact, this throws interesting light on the current, apparently ‘critical’ predicament of liberal democracy and the agenda this might prescribe for political theorizing.
Whilst taking into consideration these approaches (which are just a sample), our conference at Heidelberg University, where Koselleck was a student and wrote Kritik und Krise, is shaped by the thematic and methodological preoccupations of the history of political thought. Our aim is to broaden some of these themes in new directions and investigate the notion of ‘crisis and renewal’ (also as a mirror image of work on ‘decline and fall’). We ask papers to focus on the ways in which the self-reflection of innovative thinkers in critical times moulded their vocabularies and the modalities in which the ‘critical’ element of their contributions was articulated. We invite proposals that address, but are not confined to, the following questions:
- How does political thought react to critical moments in history?
- Does political thought produce ‘crisis/es’?
- Are moments of ‘crisis’ also moments of creativity for the history of political thought and political theory?
- Are existing concepts at a given time suited to face crises or are established principles employed in different ways to respond and make sense of them?
- How can we theorise, indeed reflect both theoretically and historically, vis-à-vis (notions of) ‘crisis’?
- How do we account for the complex changes and developments occurred in the meanings of ‘crisis’ from ancient Greece (where the word was coined) up to the last few decades?
- What trajectory/ies did ideas of crisis take in different contexts at different historical junctures?
- What are the relations between political ideas and material factors such as famine, war, weather etc. in conjunction with ‘crisis’?
These questions need to be addressed by embracing the full geographical and chronological spectrum of ‘European political thought’ from antiquity to the present. Given the interdisciplinary nature of the ESHPT and of the discipline of the history of political thought, we welcome papers and panels seeking to cover some of the questions above from multiple methodological and historiographical perspectives (e.g., political thought, political theory, history, philosophy, law).
Keynote speakers: Erica Benner (Berlin)
Paschalis Kitromilides (Athens)
Proposals for individual 20 minute papers should be no longer than 250 words, and proposals for panels should not exceed 500 words. Short CVs of the speakers should be added (name, institutional affiliations, major publications – no more than five). Panels at the conference will normally last 90 minutes, with 3 papers each. (Exceptionally, panel proposals consisting of more than 3 papers can be accommodated.)
Please send your proposals by 30 September 2017 to László Kontler, kontlerl@ceu.edu, cc to Gregor Stiebert, gregorstiebert@zegk.uni-heidelberg.de.
Authors will be notified of paper acceptance or non-acceptance by 15 December 2017.

19 July 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS: Movable Goods and Immovable Property. Gender, Law and Material Culture in Early Modern Europe (1450‒1850) [9th Conference of the European network “Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures”] (London: GHI); DEADLINE 1 OCT 2017

Movable Goods and Immovable Property. Gender, Law and Material Culture in Early Modern Europe (1450‒1850)
9th Conference of the European network “Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures”

German Historical Institute London, 19-21 July 2018
Conveners: Annette Cremer (Gießen), Hannes Ziegler (London)

(image source: HU Berlin)


The history of material cultures offers important new ways of studying the significance of gender differences in the history of legal cultures by exploring new relationships between gender, law and material culture. Material and immaterial possession informs the self-image of individuals and societies, dynasties and families. A threefold scheme of legal distinction differentiates between usufruct (1), possession (2), and property (3). Yet these relationships between individuals and objects are not only relevant to civil law, but correspond to political regimes. While usufruct, possession and property thus correspond to different forms of authority and society, they also have a bearing on gender relations on different levels of society. Usually, these gendered aspects of material culture are the products of traditional proximities between certain areas of activity and related groups of objects. Communities in early modern Europe can thus be said to have a gendered and often legally sanctioned relationship to the material world and the world of objects.

Our assumption is that this situation led to social rivalries and gender-informed conflicts between individual members of societies regarding usufruct, possession, and property. The action of taking possession of something is thus more than just a way of achieving material security, but a form of social practice and a way of self-assertion: in order to gain social status, as a way of accumulating social capital or broadening one’s personal or dynastic room for manoeuvre. In this respect, the single most important event is the distribution of goods in generational succession. Despite their chronologically wide applicability, we would like to explore these questions with respect to early modern history.

The starting point for our conference is objects and groups of objects, that is to say, mobile and immobile resources, and their relationships with gender, structures of power, estate orders, customs and legal norms. Perspectives from social and legal sciences will thus be combined with approaches from material culture studies. Our basic assumption is that ways and forms of usufruct, possession and property regarding certain objects inform the self-image and the prospects of individuals and families. What changes and dynamics can be observed in relation to the correlations between gender and objects? What differences occur between different forms of societies?

The network „Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures“ operates in a diachronic and comparative way. We are therefore looking for papers engaging with the relationships between objects, gendered self-images and rights of ownership on the basis of textual, pictorial and material sources in Europe between 1450 and 1850. Despite this emphasis on early modern history, we also encourage proposals that highlight transitions from the Middle Ages. Papers should engage with one or more of the following themes and questions:

1.      How can the distinction between movables and immovables be explained? On what experiences and everyday considerations is it based?
2.      When does the category of movables become relevant? Is the understanding of the house as immovable based on its material aspects, e.g. fabrics?
3.      Does the gendered coding of movables and immovables exist in different legal areas? How is the attribution of gendered codes argued for?
4.      What are the consequences of gendered attributions of objects and resources? Does the distribution of resources lead to specific hazards or profits?
5.      What objects are especially disputed? We are looking for examples of individuals trying to take possession of mobile and immobile, material and immaterial resources.
6.      Can tensions be discerned between the aims and interests of households and family units and the superior interests of the manorial system, the economies of cities and states, or the public weal?
7.      Does the distinction between mobiles and immobiles extend beyond legal norms? How is it handled in Common or Roman Law?
8.      What are the strategies of testators for distributing their property? How binding were marriage contracts and last wills in the case of succession?
9.      What institutions are resorted to in case of conflicts?
10.  How is the value of mobiles and immobiles assessed? How relevant are market values, auctions and valuers?
11.  What is the role of gender, marital status, age, social standing, and religious confession for pursuing one’s interest and the chances of success in the case of judicial conflicts?
12.  What is the influence of the distribution of wealth on power relations within the family?
13.  And finally: what is the shape of households that have been reorganised by gavelkind, single heir rule and other mechanisms of distribution? In other words: how is the redistribution of goods handled within households?

Keynotes will be presented by:

Amy Erickson (Cambridge) and Margareth Lanzinger (Wien)

Please send your proposals for papers (appr. 1 page/300 words) together with a short academic CV by 15 October 2017 to:
and