28 September 2021
BOOK: Franco Gaetano SCOCA. Risorgimento e costituzione. (Milano: Giuffrè, 2021). ISBN 9788828834380. 61,75 €
27 September 2021
24 September 2021
BOOK : Christine NOIVILLE (dir), Sandra LAUGIER (dir), Xavier PHILIPPE (dir), Des enjeux d'intérêt public en temps de pandémie, un double regard juridique et philosophique, (Mare et Martin, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, 2021), ISBN : 978-2-8493-4611-2, pp. 261, 31€
A propos de l'ouvrage :
La pandémie du Covid-19 a constitué un test grandeur nature, un catalyseur, pour penser les forces et les fragilités de nos sociétés, pour en interroger l'organisation et les valeurs. Elle s'est du même coup révélée comme une extraordinaire matière à penser pour les sciences humaines et sociales. Le présent ouvrage en constitue un témoignage. Issu des échanges menés dès le début de la crise au sein de l'Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique de la Sorbonne (ISJPS), il entend interroger, enrichir ou repenser toute une série de questions, concepts et cadres théoriques au coeur du droit et de la philosophie. Dix-huit mois plus tard, et en conjuguant de façon unique les approches, les regards et les méthodes juridiques, sociales, philosophiques, il propose une analyse de la pandémie sous trois angles : les libertés, les vulnérabilités, la place de l'expertise dans les décisions publiques.
A propos des auteurs :
Xavier Philippe est Professeur en Droit public au sein de l'université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.
Christine Noiville est directrice de recherche au CNRS, et directrice de l'Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique de la Sorbonne.
Sandra Laugier est professeure de philosophie de classe exceptionnelle à l'université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.
23 September 2021
CONFERENCE: "Diritto pubblico e diritto privato: la grande dicotomia ieri e oggi". September 24th, 15:30
22 September 2021
The Centre for Theology, Law, and Culture is hosting a colloquium on the history of arbitration next week. The event can be attended digitally by sending an e-mail to Jonathan.Price@stx.ox.ac.uk
ONLINE LECTURE: Mette BIRKEDAL BRUUN, Privacy and the private as analytical categories in early modern studies (23 SEP 2021)
What do we gain by deploying the terms ‘privacy’ and ‘the private’ as analytical categories when we conduct historical research into the early modern period? This lecture pursues three questions: The categories of privacy and the private do not belong to a specific scholarly field. Although often understood in a narrow sense associated with Law, privacy and the private are features of human life and thus relevant for a broad range of research fields, including a broad range of historical fields. However, no single field can begin to grasp the implications and manifestations of privacy and the private in a given context. How do we best approach notions and experiences of privacy in a way that honours its facetted character? While Privacy Studies is a new field that is still defining its research focus and interdisciplinary framework, early modern studies adhere to well-established scholarly paradigms. What happens in this meeting between nascent and consolidated scholarly perspectives? How may they fruitfully benefit one another? With their undeniably contemporary ring, the terms ‘privacy’ and ‘the private’ come with a heavy risk of anachronism which historians have been taught to dread. This risk must be taken seriously and dealt with in methodologically conscious ways least we lose our scholarly credibility. However, exactly the fact that privacy and the private are contemporary terms give them a particular potency as a challenge to historical studies. What – if anything – do historians contribute to contemporary discussions of the topical issue of privacy?
(source: Latin American Privacy)
BOOK : Samantha SEELEY, Race, Removal, and the Right to Remain, (Omohundro Institute and the University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill 2021), ISBN : 978-1-4696-6481-1, pp. 368, 34,95$
About the Book :
Who had the right to live within the newly united states of America?
About the author :
Samantha Seeley is assistant professor of history at the University of Richmond.
21 September 2021
CONFERENCE: 1971-2021 : Les 50 ans de la décision "Liberté d'association" du Conseil constitutionnel (Bordeaux: Université de Bordeaux, 30 SEP 2021)
La décision "Liberté d'association" : rétrospective
16h30 : Table ronde - La décision "Liberté d'association" : perspectives
CONFERENCE: The Illuminated Legal Manuscript from the Middle Ages to the Digital Age (September 22-25, Zoom)
The Ius Illuminatum research team is organizing a 3 day international conference on ‘The Illuminated Legal Manuscript from the Middle Ages to the Digital Age Forms, Iconographies, Materials, Uses and Cataloguing’. The full programme for the conference can be found here.
BOOK : Capucine NEMO-PEKELMAN (dir), Katell BERTHELOT (dir), Natalie DOHRMANN (dir), Legal engagement The reception of Roman law and tribunals by Jews and other inhabitants of the Empire, (Ecole française de Rome, Rome, 2021), ISBN : 978-2-7283-1464-5, pp.535, 40€
About the book :
The Roman empire set law at the center of its very identity. A complex and robust ideology of law and justice is evident not only in the dynamics of imperial administration, but a host of cultural arenas. Citizenship named the privilege of falling under Roman jurisdiction, legal expertise was cultural capital. A faith in the emperor’s intimate concern for justice was a key component of the voluntary connection binding Romans and provincials to the state.
Even as law was a central mechanism for control and the administration of state violence, it also exerted a magnetic effect on the peoples under its control. Adopting a range of approaches, the essays explore the impact of Roman law, both in the tribunal and in the culture. Unique to this anthology is attention to legal professionals and cultural intermediaries operating at the empire’s periphery. The studies here allow one to see how law operated among a range of populations and provincials—from Gauls and Brittons to Egyptians and Jews—exploring the ways local peoples creatively navigated, and constructed, their legal realities between Roman and local mores. They draw our attention to the space between laws and legal ideas, between ethnic, especially Jewish, life and law and the structures of Roman might; cases in which shared concepts result in diverse ends; the pageantry of the legal tribunal, the imperatives and corruptions of power differentials; and the importance of reading the gaps between depiction of law and its actual workings.
This volume is unusual in bringing Jewish, and especially rabbinic, sources and perspectives together with Roman, Greek or Christian ones. This is the result of its being part of the research program “Judaism and Rome” (ERC Grant Agreement no. 614 424), dedicated to the study of the impact of the Roman empire upon ancient Judaism.
The contributors are : Carlos LEVY, Julien DUBOULOZ, Clifford ANDO, Ari Z. BRYEN, Kaius TUORI, Hayim LAPIN, Aitor BLANCO-PEREZ, Julien FOURNIER, Soazick KERNEIS, Marie ROUX, Kimberley CZAJKOWSKI, Yair FURSTENBERG, Catherine HEZSER, Orit MALKA, Yakir PAZ, Yael WILFAND, Ron NAIWELD, Kimberley FOWLER, Christine HAYES.
About the directors of the book :
Table of contents :
20 September 2021
The Pusey Centre for Theology, Law and Culture is hosting its inaugural colloquium on Monday 11 October.
BOOK : Jack BEATSON, The Rule of Law and the Separation of Powers, (Hart, Oxford, 2021), ISBN : 978-1-5099-3877-3, pp. 192, 11,69£
About the book :
The role of the courts and of the rule of law, has been dramatically illustrated by recent litigation, most notably the decisions on whether legislation was needed to serve notice of the UK's intention to leave the EU and whether the prorogation of the Westminster Parliament in 2019 was a matter for the courts as opposed to a political question for government.
Set against this backdrop, the book answers the following questions:
- How accessible is the law and how does it avoid arbitrariness?
- How is access to justice protected?
- How does our constitution reflect the separation of powers and the balance of responsibilities between law and politics?
About the author :
He was the founding director of the Centre for Public Law (1997–2001) and is an Honorary Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. He was Professor of English Law at the University of Cambridge from 1993 to 2003.
Table of contents :
17 September 2021
BOOK : Marc-Olivier BARUCH (dir), Vichy et les préfets (La Documentation française, Paris, 2021), ISBN : 978-2-1114-5673-0, pp.327, 19€
A propos de l'ouvrage :
Résumé de l'éditeur : Les rencontres organisées en 2016 sur le thème " Préfets et préfectures pendant le Seconde Guerre mondiale" étaient destinées à éclairer la compréhension des contraintes, des choix et des motivations des personnels préfectoraux qui eurent à conduire l’administration territoriale française entre 1939 et 1945. Les auteurs questionnent ainsi de façon stimulante sur les outils de la répression et de l’exclusion, le métier et la carrière préfectorale sous Vichy, les relations des préfets avec leurs ministres, leurs destins à la suite de la réinstallation des institutions républicaines et la mémoire du corps sur Vichy.
A propos du directeur de l'ouvrage :
Marc-Olivier BARUCH a soutenu sa thèse en histoire en 1996, qui a été publié par la suite avec l'ouvrage Servir l’État français. L’administration en France de 1940 à 1944. Il est président depuis 2018 du Comité pour l'histoire préfectorale.
Préface de Jean-Benoît Albertini, Secrétaire général du ministère de l’Intérieur
Introduction de Marc Olivier Baruch : Qui sont les préfets de Vichy ?
16 September 2021
The Brazilian journal for criminal procedural law’s (Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal) most recent issue holds a “dossiê” of 13 articles (written in English, French, Italian or Portuguese) on “History of Criminal Procedure in Modernity”.
· Can Criminal Procedure Ever Be “Modern”? A Historical Comparative Perspective (Georges Martyn, Ricardo Sontag)
· Criminal Claims in Civil Suits over Insults in the Dutch Republic (17th and 18th Centuries) (Erik Jan Broers)
· Le jury criminel en procès. Les opinions doctrinales des auteurs français (1750-1830) (Sylvain Soleil)
· Justiça criminal e opinião pública na Itália entre os séculos XIX e XX (Luigi Lacchè)
· Le facce d’un diamante. Appunti per una storia dell’immediatezza nella procedura penale italiana (Marco Nicola Miletti)
· Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi (Loredana Garlati)
· Investigative Judges as a Legal Transplant: Finnish Nineteenth-Century Criminal Procedure in Comparative Perspective (Heikki Pihlajamäki)
· The French Heritage Put to the Test of Time: History of Criminal Procedure in Belgium (1814-2020) (Edouard Delrée)
· Considerações sobre as Inquirições Devassas no Brasil: os casos do Recôncavo Baiano – Séculos XVIII e XIX (Ana Lúcia Sabadell, Júlio Cesar Costa Manoel)
· O tempo e suas tormentas: recurso de graça no direito penal militar brasileiro entre regras de Antigo Regime e justiça liberal (Conselho de Estado, 1842-1889) (Arthur Barrêtto de Almeida Costa)
· Processo Penal no estado de Santa Catarina entre Primeira República e Era Vargas (Diego Nunes, Bárbara Madruga da Cunha, Mayessa Costa)
· Ordem, liberdades e estadualização do processo penal na Primeira República (1889-1930): João Mendes de Almeida Júnior processualista (Régis João Nodari)
· O fio de Ariadne: um mapa metodológico para a pesquisa de processos criminais como fonte histórica (Danielle Regina Wobeto de Araújo, Gabrielle Stricker do Valle)
The issue can be found here
JOURNAL: Fundamental rights. Rivista di studi giuridici, storici e antropologici (I, 2021/2). OPEN ACCESS
The Declarations of Rights, approved by revolutionary assembly between XVII and XVIII Centuries, represented a turning point for the western world that, about inalienable rights that had to be identified, had built the bases of its cultural identity. Their history after the end of the revolutionary period, as demonstrated by the essay, was very contrasted especially for political reasons: only after the end of the Second World War there was a reevaluation of them, inaugurated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, the new sceneries that have been spread after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the "Cold War", with the problems connected to the relationships between West and East and, since the new millennium, with the management of terroristic and epidemic emergencies, have opened an intense debate, the results of which seems to be crucial for the future of the humanity
The coronavirus emergency led to a particularly serious situation; the responses of the prison system have produced heterogeneous consequences, in some cases resulting in violent acts, re-writing the internal rules previously applied. Among the mentioned changes, it worth to consider the limitations to the right to be transferred from one facility to another, that in normal condition represent one of the basis for the social reintegration whose impact, in case of the Covid Pandemic, has been understudied
In Schelling's vision, mythology, as the product of a necessary process of consciousness, parallel to that which concerns the history of nature, finds its specific space, which cannot be exhausted in a subordinate of history. By coming into contact with powers that myth figuratively dramatizes in supra-human beings, the human spirit expresses an imaginative force of elements of objective reality that cannot be reduced to the categories of rational thought. Inextricably linked to the era of the founding of Rome, the Romulean saga records the thickening of the fundamental aspects that characterize the dawn of the singular civil identity off the Roman people, already open to the supra-political dimension of the ius
The paper intends to propose a critical analysis, on a textual basis, of the actual contribution of Francisco de Vitoria, founder of the "School of Salamanca" to the "theory of human rights". First of all, the historiographical category of "Escuela de Salamanca" is problematized; the argumenta iuris formulated by Vitoria are then addressed, noting that the affirmation of certain fundamental principles (first of all the appetitus societatis) involves the recognition of "natural rights" (first of all the ius transiti and the ius commercii), which are configured in relation to their qualification as legitimate rights to call a bellum iustum. Finally, it is pointed out that Vitoria himself affirms that he did not want to formulate a definitive doctrine on issues that required further reflection; a warning that is rarely followed by today's readers of this complex figure of "theologian-jurist" protagonist of the cultural debate of the Siglo de Oro
The aim of the article is to propose a possible path in the history of European thought in order to explore the question concerning the gnoseological foundation of the sharing of human rights, given the pluralist context of our contemporary world. Starting from two concepts that have a rhetorical and juridical origin, namely constitutio and apparentia in philosophers as distant in time as Cicero, Nicholas of Autrecourt and Edmund Husserl, we can trace the traits of three figures of critical reason as a possible condition of a dialogical perspective for the gnoseological foundation of the sharing of human rights
The paper examines some events of the protection of individuals within organized communities in the historical perspective. The community phenomenon is an essential element of the social organization and the legal system. Today, the guarantee of individual rights within social formations takes on particular importance in order to avoid homologation phenomena of limitation of freedom of conscience
Through the writings of Francesco Ruffini and Piero Calamandrei, the essay examines the evolution of the rights of liberty in the constitutional process of the Twentieth century, which saw the traditional political freedoms consecrated in the French declaration of 1789 being flanked by a new category of citizens- rights, called “social rights”, aimed at guaranteeing everyone a minimum of economic well/being, indispensable for freeing the poor from the slavery of need and putting them in a position to make use of those political freedoms that are proclaimed in law as equal for all