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19 November 2019

BOOK: Wim DECOCK, Le marché du mérite. Penser le droit et l'économie avec Léonard Lessius (Paris: Zones Sensibles, 2019), 245 p. ISBN 9782930601410, € 19

(image source: Zones Sensibles)

Book abstract:
Comprendre la genèse de l’économie moderne nécessite un retour à ses fondements théologiques. Plus d’un siècle après la parution de L’Éthique protestante et l’esprit du capitalisme, l’enquête de Max Weber reste en effet inachevée. Le Marché du mérite revisite l’héritage de l’un des protagonistes de l’histoire de la pensée économique tout en élucidant ses origines juridico-théologiques. Dans un contexte marqué par la mondialisation des échanges, l’essor des places boursières et de profonds bouleversements politico-religieux, le jésuite Léonard Lessius (1554-1623) fera figure d’« Oracle des Pays-Bas » parmi les marchands, banquiers et princes qui cherchaient à s’orienter dans ce Nouveau Monde. Son principal ouvrage, Sur la justice et le droit, deviendra rapidement un livre de référence en raison de sa fine maîtrise de la technique juridique et de la lucidité de ses analyses économiques (spéculation, subprimes, assurances, information et marché, monopoles, investissements, prêts, risques…). Si le marché n’a pas pour vocation de transformer le monde en marchandises ni l’homme en esclave d’une soif matérialiste, Lessius, comme ses collègues théologiens de l’École de Salamanque, encourage néanmoins l’effort, la prudence et l’industrie, autant de vertus aptes à libérer un marché basé sur le mérite.
Table of contents:
 1. L’« Oracle des Pays-Bas » 2. L’ombre de Max Weber 3. Pactum serva 4. Usure et marché 5. Information et spéculation 6. Risques, assurances et subprimes 7. Monopoles et industrie 8. Le salut de l’économie 9. L’économie du salut 10. Occupation et ascétisme Notes Index Remerciements
On the author:
Wim Decock est professeur d’histoire du droit aux universités de Leuven (KU Leuven) et de Liège (ULiège). Il est également l’auteur de Theologians and Contract Law. The Moral Transformation of the Ius Commune, ca. 1500-1650 (Brill/Nijhoff, 2013).
More information with the publisher.

JOB: Postdoctoral Researcher – Law and the Uses of the Past (University of Helsinki) (DEADLINE: 15 December 2019)



We learned that the University of Helsinki has an open position for a postdoctoral researcher in its “Law and the Uses of the Past” project. Here the call:

The University of Helsinki is the oldest and largest institution of academic education in Finland, an international scientific community of 40,000 students and researchers. In international university rankings, the University of Helsinki typically ranks among the top 100. The University of Helsinki seeks solutions for global challenges and creates new ways of thinking for the best of humanity. Through the power of science, the University has contributed to society, education and welfare since 1640.

The Faculty of Social Sciences is Finland’s leading research and education institution in the social sciences and also the most diverse in terms of its disciplines. In several research fields the Faculty belongs to the top 50 in the international rankings. The Faculty has a strong international profile both in research and teaching programmes. The number of academic staff stands at 450. Each year the faculty awards some 350 Bachelor’s degrees, 400 Master’s degrees, and more than 40 doctoral degrees. For more information on the Faculty of Social Sciences, please visit www.helsinki.fi/en/faculty-of-social-sciences.

The Faculty of Social Sciences invites applications for the position of
POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHER

for a two-year fixed term period from 1 January 2020 onwards (or as agreed) to contribute to the subproject Law and the Uses of the Past of the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Law, Identity and the European Narratives (EuroStorie, www.eurostorie.org).

The CoE is a part of the interdisciplinary Centre of European Studies. The purpose of the CoE is to launch a new, third generation inquiry that critically explores the emergence of narratives of Europe as responses to the crises of the twentieth century and how these narratives have shaped the ideas of justice and community in Europe. It studies the foundational stories that underlie the contested idea of a shared European heritage in law and culture, such as the ideas of rule of law, equality, tolerance, pluralism and the rejection of totalitarianism, and their relevance for current debates on identity and history.

In this context, the subproject Law and the Uses of the Past will study the emergence of the idea of a shared legal past in Europe as a key to future integration. The main purpose of the subproject is to explore the transformation of the self-understanding and the history of law in Europe, from the interwar years to the post-war integration. Central themes are, in addition to the notion of a shared past, the rise of European integration, Transatlantic links in legal scholarship and the emergence of human rights thought. As such, the subproject will focus on literature study and archival research with respect to a number of crucial thinkers in the historical development of a European legal past. Experience in conducting archival research and an expertise in any of the native languages of these thinkers is a plus.

An appointee to the position must hold a doctoral degree in a relevant field of (legal) history, political science, or equivalent. Moreover, he or she is expected to have the ability to conduct independent scientific research and possess the teaching skills required for the position. The period following the completion of doctoral degree must not exceed five years, excluding family leave and equivalent periods of absence. An appointee must be able to provide a clear contribution to the theme of the CoE and to its general development, together with full-time researchers, postdocs, visiting faculty, Ph.D. students, and graduate students working as research assistants. To fulfil the research requirements of the position, the applicant chosen is expected to be physically present on a regular basis and actively participate in the research and teaching activities of the CoE. An appointee is expected to contribute 2 months of the annual work time to joint projects at the CoE, develop her/his own and our common research agenda, and contribute to collective academic tasks such as teaching, seminars and joint academic papers. The teaching requirement is 5% of working time.

The annual gross salary range will be approx. 41,000 – 50,000 euros, depending on the appointee’s qualifications and experience. In addition, occupational healthcare will be provided. The employment contract will include a probationary period of six months.

Applicants are requested to enclose with their applications the following documents in English as a single pdf file:

1) A curriculum vitae (max 4 pages).
2) A numbered list of publications on which the applicant has marked in bold her or his five key publications to be considered during the review. (You do not need to send copies of the publications themselves.)
3) A statement (max 2 pages) outlining how the applicant’s expertise could contribute both to research conducted at the CoE and to this specific subproject.
4) A research plan (max 6 pages) with an outline of how the study would contribute to the SP1 aims.
Please submit your application through the University of Helsinki Recruitment System via the link Apply for job. Applicants who are employees of the University of Helsinki are requested to submit their application via the SAP HR portal.
Further information about the position, and about the research theme Law and the Uses of the Past, may be obtained (in English and Finnish) from Dr. Kaius Tuori (kaius.tuori@helsinki.fi).
In case you need support with the recruitment system, please contact recruitment@helsinki.fi.

Due date
15.12.2019 23:59 EET

More info here

BOOK: Emmanuel VIVET, ed., Landmark Negotiations from Around the World - Lessons for Modern Diplomacy (Mortsel: Intersentia, 2019). ISBN 9781780688510, €39


(Source: Intersentia)

Intersentia has published a new book on landmark negotiations from around the world.

ABOUT THE BOOK

History is a source of education and insight for modern diplomacy. Through time, this book analyses 30 famous negotiations from around the World: from Roman Republic peace talks to the Philadelphia Convention, the Congress of Vienna and the first UK embassy in China, through two World Wars, as well as more recent examples such as the Iran Security Council resolutions and the Trump negotiations in Korea, just to name a few.

Landmark Negotiations from Around the World brings together the subject areas of history and negotiation studies. It focuses on their overlap and analyses past and present negotiations, applying the latest concepts of negotiation studies: a summary of each negotiation focusing on the chain of events is followed by a critical analysis cross-referencing the facts to modern negotiation theory concepts. In this way, each chapter provides answers to key questions such as: what made a successful negotiation possible? Why did a given failure occur? It helps us to identify and to qualify the good moves, the brilliant ideas, the unexpected coalitions and the uneasy situations that made a negotiation either a success or a failure.

A handpicked team of authors consisting of historians, diplomats and scholars, all specialising in international negotiation, provide unique insights, as well as entertaining and lively stories past and present, preparing us for the future.

A book of interest to anyone who revels in acting on the international stage.

With a foreword by Pierre Vimont (first Executive Secretary General of the European External Action Service) and a theoretical introduction by William Zartman (Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies).

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Emmanuel Vivet is a French civil servant and spent 15 years specializing in negotiations at governmental level in various public international fields (bilateral and multilateral) and for the European Commission. He also is an associate research fellow at the Institute for Research and Education on Negotiation (IRENE, France).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary pages (p. 0)
Introduction: We Produce History; We Might as Well Use it, Wisely (p. 1)
Part I TO NEGOTIATE, OR NOT TO NEGOTIATE
Roman Diplomacy During the Republic: Do the Mighty Negotiate? (p. 9)
The Treaty of Dijon (1513): Or, the Art of Negotiating without a Mandate (p. 23)
Diplomatic Crisis in July 1914: Secrecy, Ultimatums, and Missed Opportunities (p. 33)
The German “All or Nothing” Approach in 1917: Unwilling to Negotiate (p. 43)
Part II BILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS
The Phoenicians (960 BCE): Long Distances, Close Business Relationships (p. 53)
Christopher Columbus and the Catholic Monarchs (1485–1492): Negotiating Troubled Waters (p. 67)
The 1998 St Malo Declaration on European Defense: High Ambitions, Modest Results (p. 79)
US–Chile Free Trade Negotiations (2000–2003): Linkage Analysis (p. 89)
Negotiating Peace with the FARC (2010–2016): Out of the Woods? (p. 103)
Part III MULTILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS
Constantinople, the Armies of the First Crusade and Alexius I Comnenus: How a Coalition was Built between Latins and Greeks in 1096 (p. 115)
The Constantinople Conference (1876–1877): Negotiating with Russia (p. 127)
No Impunity for the Crimes in Darfur (2005): Negotiations within the Security Council (p. 139)
Negotiating the American Constitution (1787–1789): Coalitions, Process Rules, and Compromises (p. 151)
The Vienna Congress (1814–1815): A Security Council “Avant La Lettre” (p. 165)
The 1856 Congress of Paris: Putting Victory to Good Use (p. 179)
Woodrow Wilson in Versailles: A Transparent Diplomat’s Frustrated Ambition (p. 191)
The Convention on the Future of Europe (2002–2003): A Model Process for a Multi-Institutional Meeting (p. 207)
Part IV BEYOND INTERESTS: EMOTIONS, BELIEFS AND VALUES
An Industrialization Deal in 1868 Japan: Glover the Scotsman in Nagasaki (p. 217)
The 1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees: France and Spain Negotiate Honor (p. 231)
The Macartney Embassy to China (1793): Negotiating Face and Symbols (p. 239)
What Set Off the Korean Conflict of 1950? Interests, Reputation, and Emotions (p. 251)
The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: Overt Confrontation, Covert Diplomacy and Downright Luck (p. 261)
The Run Up to the Trump/Kim Singapore Summit: Playing Red and Playing Blue (p. 273)
Part V MIDDLE EAST NEGOTIATIONS: INTERESTS OR EMOTIONS?
Negotiating in Syria in 1920: Gouraud and Faisal before the Battle of Damascus (p. 289)
UN Security Council Resolution 242 of 1967: Ambiguity in International Agreements (p. 305)
The Iran Nuclear Issue (2003–2005): Choosing to Negotiate (p. 317)
The Iran Nuclear Negotiations (2005–2015): Tumbling in the Escalation Trap (p. 327)
Part VI MEDIATIONS
Raoul Nordling and the 1944 Liberation of Paris: A Mediator Saves Paris (p. 337)
The Peace Process in Northern Ireland (1997–2007): From Hatred to Reason (p. 349)
Four Decades in the Southern Philippines (1971–2008): Can “Biased” Mediators be Helpful? (p. 359)
Conclusion: Lessons for Modern Diplomacy (p. 369)
Index (p. 375)


More info here

BOOK: Jay R. BERKOVITZ, Law's Dominion: Jewish Community, Religion, and Family in Early Modern Metz (Leiden-New York, Brill) ISBN 978-90-04-41740-3, EUR €63.00



(Source: Brill)

We learned of the publication of a new book on early modern Jewry and the law in Metz.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In Law’s Dominion, Jay Berkovitz offers a novel approach to the history of early modern Jewry. Set in the city of Metz, on the Moselle river, this study of a vibrant prerevolutionary community draws on a wide spectrum of legal sources that tell a story about community, religion, and family that has not been told before.

Focusing on the community’s leadership, public institutions, and judiciary, this study challenges the assumption that Jewish life was in a steady state of decline before the French Revolution. To the contrary, the evidence reveals a robust community that integrated religious values and civic consciousness, interacted with French society, and showed remarkable signs of collaboration between Jewish law and the French judicial system.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jay R. Berkovitz, Ph.D. (1983), Brandeis University, is Distinguished Professor of Judaic and Near Eastern Studies (Emeritus) at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. He has published extensively in the fields of early modern history and law, including Protocols of Justice (Brill, 2014).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Maps

Introduction


Part 1: Foundations

Writing Jewish History through a Legal Lens
 Rabbinic Responsa Literature
 Communal Registers (Pinkasim)
 Lay and Rabbinic Court Records
 Law as a Cultural System
 The Production of the Metz Pinkas Beit Din

The Foundations of the Metz Kehillah
 Return of the Jews to France and the Establishment of the Metz Community
 Ritual and Identity
 Material Culture
 Economic Integration


Part 2: Community, Governance, Authority

Communal Autonomy and Governance
 Electoral and Administrative Procedures
 Consumption and Social Status
 Poverty and Social Welfare
 Juridical Autonomy and Recourse to Non-Jewish Courts
 Policing Religious and Cultural Boundaries

Lay and Rabbinic Judicial Authority
 Lay and Rabbinic Tribunals
 Sources of Law
 Judicial Procedure
 Functions of the Beit Din

Navigating the Challenges of Multiple Jurisdictions
 Language
 Production of Bi-lingual Documents
 Patterns of Litigation in the Beit Din
 Judicial Behavior of the Metz Beit Din
 The Acquaintance of the Beit Din with French Law and Judicial Procedure
 Navigating the Two Systems
 The Impact of French Law on Rabbinic Jurisprudence


Part 3: Family Affairs

Guardianship and Inheritance
 Guardianship
 Inheritance
 Testamentary Charity

Women, Marriage, and Property
 Betrothal and Marriage
 Marital Property
 Women in Credit and Commerce

Conclusion and Epilogue 
Glossary
Bibliography
Index 

More info here

18 November 2019

CALL FOR PAPERS: Law in Transmission – The Movement of Practices, Texts and Concepts across Time and Space, c. 400-1500 (St. Andrews, 22-23 May 2020) (DEADLINE: 16 December 2019)


We learned of a call for papers organized by the people of the ERC Research Project “Civil Law, Common Law, Customary Law in Europe”. Here the call:



More info can be found on the website of the project

BOOK: Jean-Louis HAROUEL, À la recherche du réel - Histoire du droit, des idées politiques, économie, ville et culture (Limoges: Presses Universitaires de Limoges, 2019). ISBN 9782842877408, 38 EUR



Presses Universitaires de Limoges has published a book containing more than 100 articles by Em. Prof. Jean-Louis Harouel.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Professeur émérite de l’Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II) après avoir été d’abord professeur à la Faculté de droit et des sciences sociales de Poitiers, et ayant parallèlement enseigné durant une grande partie de sa carrière à la Faculté de droit et des sciences économiques de Limoges, Jean-Louis Harouel est non seulement l’auteur d’une vingtaine d’ouvrages, mais encore il a publié un très grand nombre d’articles, chapitres d’ouvrages collectifs ou notices de dictionnaires. L’Institut d’Anthropologie Juridique souhaite lui rendre hommage en rassemblant l’essentiel de ses textes afin de les rendre plus facilement accessibles tout en restituant la richesse et l’exceptionnelle ampleur thématique de son travail scientifique.

Le présent ouvrage regroupe non loin d’une centaine de textes, allant de l’histoire du droit public (histoire de l’État, du droit constitutionnel, de l’administration, du droit administratif) jusqu’à la sociologie de la culture et à celle de l’art, en passant par l’histoire de la ville et du droit de l’urbanisme, l’histoire des idées politiques, l’histoire du droit pénal, l’histoire économique, l’histoire religieuse et celle du droit canonique, ou encore la mise en rapport de la littérature (Balzac, Hugo) et de l’histoire juridique. Bref, un vaste ensemble témoignant d’une curiosité et d’une pensée qui se sont déployées à travers les contrées les plus variées de l’immense territoire de l’historien du droit.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

- Avant-propos
- État, gouvernement, administration
- Travaux publics et droit administratif
- Ville et urbanisme
- État, Église et religion
- Économie, État et société
- L’État et les jeux de hasard
- L’esclavage depuis l’Ancien Régime
- La France et l’Europe au tournant des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles
- Les chemins de la pensée
- Justice, morale et société
- Culture et art

More info here

CALL FOR PAPERS: “Hidden Figures”: The United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Codification of the international criminal Law (Ludwigsburg, 20-21 February 2020) (DEADLINE: 30 November 2019)


(Source: Hsozkult)

Via Hsozkult, We learned of a call for papers for junior researchers on the impact of the UNWCC (created during World War II) on the Codification of the international criminal law.

““Crimes against peace” and “crimes against humanity” are undoubtfully two elements of a crime which have acquired enormous resonance in the legal and moral discussions in the aftermath of the WWII. They are often connected to the International Military Tribunal and the person of the American chief prosecutor at Nuremberg, Robert Jackson, who also was the head of the American delegation to the London Conference. It is frequently overlooked, that the way for the London Charter was paved by the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC). The UNWCC was established in October 1943 by seventeen of the Allied nations, including the European occupied countries like France and Poland but also New Zeeland and China, the only Non-Western independent nation. Its main function was to formulate and implement general measures for trial and punishment of alleged Axis war criminals. […]”

The full call can be found on Hsozkult

15 November 2019

BOOK: Wendell BIRD, Criminal Dissent Prosecutions under the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780674976139, €49.50


(Source: HUP)

Harvard University Press has published a book on the history of the US 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In the first complete account of prosecutions under the Alien and Sedition Acts, dozens of previously unknown cases come to light, revealing the lengths to which the John Adams administration went in order to criminalize dissent.

The campaign to prosecute dissenting Americans under the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 ignited the first battle over the Bill of Rights. Fearing destructive criticism and “domestic treachery” by Republicans, the administration of John Adams led a determined effort to safeguard the young republic by suppressing the opposition.

The acts gave the president unlimited discretion to deport noncitizens and made it a crime to criticize the president, Congress, or the federal government. In this definitive account, Wendell Bird goes back to the original federal court records and the papers of Secretary of State Timothy Pickering and finds that the administration’s zeal was far greater than historians have recognized. Indeed, there were twice as many prosecutions and planned deportations as previously believed. The government went after local politicians, raisers of liberty poles, and even tavern drunks but most often targeted Republican newspaper editors, including Benjamin Franklin’s grandson. Those found guilty were sent to prison or fined and sometimes forced to sell their property to survive.

The Alien and Sedition Acts launched a foundational debate on press freedom, freedom of speech, and the legitimacy of opposition politics. The result was widespread revulsion over the government’s attempt to deprive Americans of their hard-won liberties. Criminal Dissent is a potent reminder of just how fundamental those rights are to a stable democracy.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Wendell Bird is a visiting scholar at Emory University School of Law and the author of Press and Speech under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent. He holds a D.Phil. in legal history from the University of Oxford and a J.D. from Yale Law School.

More info here

BOOK: Michael L. NASH, The History and Politics of Exhumation - Royal Bodies and Lesser Mortals (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019). ISBN 978-3-030-24046-2, 84.79 EUR



Palgrave Macmillan has published a new book on the politics and history of exhumation.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book argues that a serious, scholarly study on exhumation is long overdue. Examining more well-known cases, such as that of Richard III, the Romanovs, and Tutankhamen, alongside the more obscure, Michael Nash explores the motivations beyond exhumation, from retribution to repatriation. Along the way, he explores the influence of Gothic fiction in the eighteenth century, the notoriety of the Ressurection Men in the nineteenth century, and the archeological heyday of the twentieth century.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Michael L. Nash is a well-known legal and royal historian, consultant and broadcaster who teaches at the University of East Anglia, UK. He is a Judge of the Diocesan Tribunal of East Anglia and royal historian of BBC Radio Norfolk. He has contributed over 200 articles to legal and historical publications and his previous book, Royal Wills in Britain from 1509 to 2008, was published by Palgrave in 2017.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of contents (10 chapters)
Introduction
Pages 1-3
Royal Bodies and Lesser Mortals
Pages 5-15
Retribution and Reparation
Pages 17-65
Identity & Investigation: I
Pages 67-127
Identity & Investigation: II
Pages 129-157
A Gothic Cult
Pages 159-191
The Odour of Sanctity
Pages 193-217
Royal Requiem
Pages 219-253
Law Sacred and Secular
Pages 255-265
Reasons Many and Various
Pages 267-325

More info here

CALL FOR PAPERS: Polizei und Demokratie seit dem 19. Jahrhundert (Duisburg, 25-27 May 2020) (DEADLINE: 20 January 2020)


 We learned of a call for papers for the 30th colloquium on police history, with the theme “police and democracy since the 19th century”.  

Call for Papers: Polizei und Demokratie seit dem 19. Jahrhundert
30. Kolloquium zur Polizeigeschichte
Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, Duisburg, 25.05.-27.05.2020

Veranstalter des 30. Kolloquiums zur Polizeigeschichte (25.05.-27.05.2020) ist das Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen in Duisburg. Zentrales Thema der Tagung ist Polizei und Demokratie seit dem 19. Jahrhundert. Ein zweiter Schwerpunkt wird die archivalische Überlieferung der Polizei und deren Digitalisierung betreffen. Zudem ist wie üblich eine offene Sektion vorgesehen.

Polizei und Demokratie zusammen zu denken ist in der longue durée der Entwicklung der modernen Polizei seit dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert ein Ansatz neueren Datums. Das Verhältnis von Polizei und Demokratie – nicht nur in Europa und in Nordamerika, sondern auch in anderen Kontinenten (Afrika, Lateinamerika oder Asien) – kann unter verschiedenen Aspekten thematisiert werden. Zum einen geht es um die Einflüsse politischer Akteure auf die Polizei sowie um die Positionierung der Polizei zu und in (demokratischen) politischen Systemen (Polizei in der Demokratie). Zum anderen rückt auch die Demokratie innerhalb der Polizei in den Blick (Demokratie in der Polizei). Drittens bleibt zu fragen, inwieweit beide Aspekte miteinander verflochten sind. Das Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen mit seinen Beständen dokumentiert viele dieser Themenfelder.

Für die Polizei auf dem Gebiet des späteren Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen endete das lange 19. Jahrhundert erst 1945, als die Briten in ihrer Besatzungszone eine Polizeireform durchzusetzen versuchten, die Polizei und Demokratie in einem umfassenden Sinne miteinander verbinden sollte. Widerstände dagegen reflektierten die Entstehungsbedingungen der modernen Polizei im 19. Jahrhundert, die in erster Linie als Institution zum Schutz des Staates konzipiert war.  Dieser Fokus auf den Staats-Schutz beinhaltete auch eine mehr oder minder ausgeprägte soziale bzw. repressive Distanz zum Publikum. Die Polizei und die herrschenden politischen und sozialen Ordnungen des 19. Jahrhunderts gingen eine enge Verbindung ein. Mit Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts, bei wachsender Kritik an der Polizei insgesamt sowie ihren autoritären Praktiken und Binnenstrukturen, setzten Versuche ein, die Polizei demokratischer, sprich ‚volksnäher‘ zu gestalten. In diese Zeit fiel auch die zunehmende Nutzung der Medien durch die Polizei, sowie eine intensivere Beobachtung der Polizei durch die Medien. Diese Ansätze erhielten Auftrieb, als mit dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs die politischen Systeme vieler Länder demokratisch umgestaltet wurden. Einerseits gab es nun Bestrebungen, die Polizei sowohl intern als auch im Aufgabenprofil zu demokratisieren. Andererseits standen diese Bemühungen, zumindest unmittelbar nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg, in einem massiven Spannungsverhältnis zur anhaltenden Rekrutierung militärischen Personals und zu transnationalen Revolutionsängsten.

Diese demokratischen Ansätze wurden durch die Etablierung faschistisch-diktatorischer Regime und des Kommunismus in der Sowjetunion sowie durch den Zweiten Weltkrieg unterbrochen bzw. beendet. Im so genannten Ostblock wurden nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg Polizeien ‚volksdemokratischen‘ Typs eingerichtet, die erst Ende der 1980er bzw. zu Beginn der 1990er Jahre abgewickelt wurden. In der Bundesrepublik, aber auch in vielen anderen europäischen Ländern außerhalb des Ostblocks prägten die Traditionslinien, die im frühen 19. Jahrhundert angelegt worden waren, noch lange die polizeilichen Konzeptionen und Praktiken. Trotz vieler Reformbemühungen blieben der Vorrang des Staats-Schutzes sowie autoritäre polizeiliche Praktiken und Binnenstrukturen in einigen Ländern bis in die 1970er Jahre und länger erhalten. Danach setzten – nicht nur in Deutschland – Polizeireformen ein, die diese Traditionslinien infrage stellten und durch andere Funktionsmodelle zu ersetzen versuchten (Polizei als sozialstaatliche Einrichtung, partizipative Modelle – z.B. Ordnungspartnerschaften usw.), oft getragen von einer gesamtgesellschaftlichen Legitimierung des polizeilichen Gewaltmonopols. Oftmals sahen sich diese Reformen jedoch mit langlebigen autoritären Überhängen in der (Binnen-)Kultur der Polizei konfrontiert.

Im Folgenden einige Leitfragen, die als thematische Orientierungen für Beiträge zum Tagungsschwerpunkt Polizei und Demokratie dienen sollen:

·        Bürgerschaftliche Sicherheits- bzw. Polizeiorgane im 19. Jahrhundert: Welche bürgerschaftlichen Sicherheits- bzw. Polizeiorgane wurden im 19. Jahrhundert etabliert? Endeten diese Ansätze mit dem Ende des Zeitalters der Revolutionen 1848/49, oder wurden sie danach in veränderten Formen fortgeführt?

·        Polizei, Demokratie und Kultur der Polizei: Mit welchen Praktiken und mit welchem Repertoire begegnete die Polizei demokratischen Bewegungen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert? Lassen sich diese Interaktionen primär in einem Repressionsschema verorten, oder erlaubte der ‚Eigensinn‘ der Betroffenen auf beiden Seiten Interaktionsspielräume? Wie veränderte sich die Kultur der Polizei vom 19. bis in das beginnende 21. Jahrhundert? Demokratische Kontrolle der Polizei: Ein Nicht-Thema?

·        „Volksnähe“, Medien und Polizei: Wie manifestierten sich Versuche zur Überbrückung der Distanz zwischen Polizei und Polizierten? Inwieweit beförderten die Nutzung von Medien für die Polizeiarbeit, wie auch die wachsende Aufmerksamkeit, die die Polizei durch mediale Berichterstattungen seit dem Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts und dann insbesondere seit dem letzten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts erfuhr, eine Demokratisierung der Polizei?

·        Gewerkschaftliche polizeiliche Selbstorganisation: Freie Gewerkschaften gelten als Indikatoren demokratischer Systeme.  Wie entwickelte sich die gewerkschaftliche Selbstorganisation der Polizei seit dem Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts und wie wirkte sie sich auf das polizeiliche Binnenleben sowie auf die öffentliche Wahrnehmung von Polizei aus?

·        Wechsel politischer Systeme im 20. Jahrhundert: Welche Bedeutung hatten Wechsel politischer Systeme für die Polizei, abgesehen von Säuberungen des Personals? Inwieweit wurden auch die Polizeiarbeit (Strategien und Praktiken) sowie die Kultur der Polizei davon tangiert?

·        Polizei außerhalb Europas: Welche Entwicklungsmuster zeigten nicht-europäische Polizeien, etwa in Lateinamerika, Afrika oder Asien? Wie positionierten diese sich zu staatlichen und nichtstaatlichen Akteuren? Welche Arbeitsformen und kulturellen Muster bildeten sich heraus, insbesondere in Phasen von Entkolonialisierung und Demokratisierung?

Auch zum zweiten Tagungsthema  Archivalische Überlieferung der Polizei und deren Digitalisierung sind Beiträge erwünscht. Wie in den vergangenen Jahren üblich, wird es auch die Möglichkeit geben, in einer freien Sektion polizeigeschichtliche Forschungen oder Werkstattberichte ohne Bezug zu den Hauptthemen der Tagung zu präsentieren.

Bitte senden Sie Ihren Beitragsvorschlag (inkl. einer kurzen Zusammenfassung und einer kurzen biografischen Notiz) unter dem Betreff „30. Kolloquium zur Polizeigeschichte“ bis zum 20. Januar 2020 an die folgende E-Mail-Adresse: poststelle@lav.nrw.de. Die Übernahme der Reise- und Übernachtungskosten für angenommene Referent(inn)en ist beabsichtigt.

English Summary
The 30st colloquium on police history focuses on police and democracy since the 19th century. The conference is clustered around two core issues: Police/police culture and/in democratic political systems and democracy within the police. Papers might, amongst others, address issues like: 
·        Non-state, civil police forces since the 19th century. Impact, continuities and discontinuities
·        Police and democratic developments during the 19th and 20th centuries, global and transnational perspective included. Democratic control of the police
·        Police and its clients, police and the media
·        Police unions and democracy within the police
·        From democracy to totalitarian regimes and back: The trajectories of the police as an actor and/or as an object of changes of political systems
·        Patterns of police (cultures) and democracy in a global perspective.

A second focus of the conference will be on archival sources of police forces and their digitization. An open section is – as in the previous years – planned as well.

Please send your proposal (a short summary and a short biographical note included), using the reference “30. Kolloquium zur Polizeigeschichte” until January 20th, 2020 to the following email-address of the Northrhine-Westphalian State Archive: poststelle@lav.nrw.de. The assumption of travel and accommodation costs for accepted speakers is intended.

14 November 2019

BOOK: Ian WARD, English Legal Histories (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2019). ISBN 9781509912292, £49.99


(Source: Bloomsbury)


Bloomsbury is publishing a new book on English legal history.

ABOUT THE BOOK

English Legal Histories is an exciting and innovative approach to the study of English law. Written in an accessible style, designed for both a student and a broader audience, it takes the reader beyond the narrower confines of legal doctrines and cases, and invites them to consider the myriad contexts within which English law has been shaped; the politics, the economics, the art, the poetry. Reaching from the Reformation through to the age of Reform, it tells stories, the 'histories', of English law. Histories of the constitution and government, of crime and contracts, tort and trespass, property and equity. Of the people who made that law, those who wrote it, and those who suffered it. For it is in the end a human story, of justice and injustice, of success and failure, good luck and bad. The law is full of statutes and instruments, cases and precedent, but its history is full of people and peculiarity. Which is what, of course, makes it so endlessly fascinating.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Ian Ward is Professor of Law at Newcastle University, and the author of a number of books on law, literature and history including 'Law and Literature: Possibilities and Perspectives' (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 'Shakespeare and the Legal Imagination' (Cambridge University Press, 1999), The English Constitution: Myths and Realities' (Hart Publishing, 2004), 'Law, Text, Terror' (Cambridge University Press, 2009) and most recently 'Law and the Brontes' (Palgrave, 2011).

More info here

13 November 2019

JOB: Chair in Comparative Law (University of Aberdeen) (DEADLINE: 13 December 2019)


(Source: Jobs.ac.uk)

The University of Aberdeen has a job opening for a chair in comparative law.

The School of Law at the University of Aberdeen wishes to appoint a Chair in Comparative Law. We will be happy to receive applications from high-quality candidates having any specialism within this broad area.

The University of Aberdeen’s School of Law is an ambitious School with a long history of high quality teaching and research. We consistently rank in the Top 10 UK Law Schools (ranked 7 in The Good University Guide, 2020) and hold an NSS satisfaction rating of 95%. We are committed to equality and diversity and hold an Athena Swan Bronze Award. We have a supportive research culture that will encourage the successful candidate to pursue their research ambitions. The successful candidate will be expected to be an active participant in one or more of the School’s Research Centres, namely, the Centre for Scots Law, the Centre for Private International Law, the Centre for Commercial Law, the Centre for Constitutional and Public International Law and the Centre for Energy Law.

The successful candidate will be expected:

  • to provide leadership within the field of Comparative law
  • to deliver student teaching and assessment in law at graduate and undergraduate level,
  • to undertake and disseminate top quality legal research in accordance with the School's research strategy,
  • to develop impact pathways and to participate in public engagement and knowledge transfer,
  • to apply for research funding,
  • to supervise graduate students, and
  • to participate in the academic administration and community life of the School.
Start date is negotiable, but it would be advantageous if the candidate could take up the post by June 2020. 

In view of the School’s plans for internationalisation and online learning, some foreign travel and/or engagement in distance learning activities may be required. 

Salary will be negotiable, dependant upon qualifications and experience. 

For further information on various staff benefits and policies please visit http://www.abdn.ac.uk/staffnet/working-here/ 

Should you require a visa to undertake paid employment in the UK you will be required to fulfil the minimum points criteria to be granted a Certificate of Sponsorship and Tier 2 visa. As appropriate, at the time an offer of appointment is made you will be asked to demonstrate that you fulfil the criteria in respect of qualifications and competency in English. Please do not hesitate to contact Marian Elliot-Jones, tel: +44 1224 273757; email m.elliott-jones@abdn.ac.uk for further information.

The closing date for receipt of applications is 13 December 2019.

Should you wish to make an informal enquiry please contact either Prof Greg Gordon, Head of School, or Prof Matyas Bodig, Deputy Head of School.

Prof Greg W. Gordon, Head of School
01224 272418
Prof Matyas Bodig, Deputy Head of School
01224 272424
Please do not send application forms or CVs to Prof Gordon or Prof Bodig.
Please quote reference number LAW045A on all correspondence
The University pursues a policy of equal opportunities in the appointment and promotion of staff.

More info here

BOOK: Kelly PICARD, La responsabilité de l'État du fait du préjudice historique. Réflexion sur la possible reconnaissance d'un dommage constitutionnel (Paris: Institut Varenne, 2019), 456 p. € 45

(image source: univ-droit)

Book abstract:
Des faits historiques peuvent-ils, plusieurs décennies après leur survenance, générer une situation préjudiciable au point d'en faire découler une forme de responsabilité juridique spécifique ? Cette étude se situe au carrefour de la justice constitutionnelle et de la justice transitionnelle, entendue comme l'ensemble des mécanismes permettant de rendre la justice à la suite de périodes de grande violence, par l'identification des responsabilités, l'octroi de réparations et la manifestation de la vérité. Cette thèse considère la défaillance de la justice rendue consécutivement à une situation de violences extrêmes et souvent massives comme étant susceptible de générer un « préjudice historique ». Néanmoins, le caractère anormal de ces situations de violence génère des préjudices « extra-ordinaires » qui imposent une réponse dépassant la mise en oeuvre des mécanismes juridiques habituels. La réflexion consiste ainsi à appréhender le « dommage constitutionnel » comme fondement potentiel de la responsabilité du fait du préjudice historique.
On the author:
Kelly Picard est Docteur en droit de l'université Aix-Marseille, Post-doctorante à l'EHESS Paris, Maître de conférences à l'université Jean Monnet de Saint-Étienne 
(source: univ-droit)

JOB/VACANCY: Fulltime position in Early Modern History (ULB) (DEADLINE 10 JAN 2020)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

The Université libre de Bruxelles is hiring a fulltime academic in early modern history.

More information here.

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law (Volume 21, Issue 3)


(Source: Brill)

The Journal of the History of International Law has also published its latest issue.

Resolving the Misunderstood Historical Order: A Korean Perspective on the Historical Tributary Order in East Asia
By: Si Jin Oh
Pages: 341–377

From Swords to Words: the Intersection of Geopolitics and Law, and the Subtle Expansion of International Law in the Consolidation of the Independence of the Latin American Republics
By: Nicolas Carrillo-Santarelli and Carolina Olarte-Bácares
Pages: 378–420

Divide and Then Preside: the Dilemma of the First Asian President of the Permanent Court of International Justice in the Age of Empires: a Review Essay on Yanagihara Masaharu and Shinohara Hatsue Eds, Adachi Mineichirō (2017)
By: Tomoko Akami
Pages: 421–442

The Conservative Human Rights Revolution European Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention, written by Marco Duranti
By: Dalia Palombo
Pages: 443–449

The Holocaust, Corporations, and the Law. Unfinished Business, written by Leora Bilsky
By: Nadia Bernaz
Pages: 450–453

Boundaries of the International: Law and Empire, written by Jennifer Pitts
By: Casper Sylvest
Pages: 454–457

More info with Brill

JOURNAL: Law and History Review (Vol. 37, Issue 4)

(Source: Cambridge Core)

The Law and History Review has published its latest issue. Here the table of contents:

Articles

Of “Masculine Tyranny” and the “Women’s Jury”: The Gender Politics of Jury Service in Third Republic France Sara L. Kimble 867
FORUM: Disqualified Witnesses between Tannaitic Halakha and Roman Law: The Archeology of a Legal Institution Orit Malka 903
Comment: The Political Functions of (Premodern) Courts and Procedure and Questions of Comparative Method Amalia D. Kessler 937
Comment: Disqualified Witnesses Between Tannaitic Halakha and Roman Law: A Response to Orit Malka Paul J. Du Plessis 947
Comment: Roman and Jewish Law: Looking for Interaction in all the Right Places Christine Hayes 955

Book Reviews

A People’s Constitution: The Everyday Life of Law in the Indian Republic—Rohit De reviewed by Arvind Elangovan 961
Marriage, Law, and Gender in Revolutionary China, 1940–1960—Xiaoping Cong reviewed by Yue Du 963
Legal Lessons: Popularizing Laws in the People’s Republic of China, 1949–1989—Jennifer Altehenger reviewed by Glenn Tiffert 966
The Law and Economics of Confucianism—Taisu Zhang reviewed by Maura Dykstra 968
Making Manslaughter: Process, Punishment and Restitution in Württemberg and Zurich, 1376–1700—Susanne Pohl-Zucker reviewed by Harriet Rudolph 971
Memory Laws, Memory Wars: The Politics of the Past in Europe and Russia—Nikolay Koposov reviewed by Ian Cram 973
Boundaries of the International: Law and Empire—Jennifer Pitts reviewed by Alexander Arnold 975
Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South—Kimberly M. Welch reviewed by Allison Madar 977
Slave Law and the Politics of Resistance in the Early Atlantic World—Edward B. Rugemer reviewed by H. Robert Baker 979
They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South—Stephanie E. Jones-Rogers reviewed by Julia W. Bernier 981
The Burning House: Jim Crow and the Making of Modern America—Anders Walker reviewed by Brandon Jett 983

More info with Cambridge Core

BOOK: Nesrine BADAWI, Islamic Jurisprudence on the Regulation of Armed Conflict (Leiden-New York: Brill, 2019). ISBN 978-90-04-41062-6, €154.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill is publishing a new book on the regulation of armed conflict in Islamic jurisprudence.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In Islamic Jurisprudence on the Regulation of Armed Conflict: Text and Context, Nesrine Badawi argues against the existence of a “true” interpretation of the rules regulating armed conflict in Islamic law. In a survey of formative and modern seminal legal works on the subject, the author sheds light on the role played by the sociopolitical context in shaping this branch of jurisprudence and offers a detailed examination of the internal deductive structures of these works.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Nesrine Badawi, Ph.D (2011), School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, is an Assistant Professor of Public and International Law at the American University in Cairo. Her work focuses on the regulation of armed conflict in Islamic law.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction
 1 How Do We Study Islamic Legal History?
 2 Indeterminacy in Islamic Jurisprudence on the Regulation of Armed Conflict
 3 Primary Concerns of Classical Jurisprudence
1 Islamic Jurisprudence in the Expansive Empire
 1 Al-Shaybānī: a Jurist-Judge
 2 Al-Shāfiʿī and the Exclusionary Project
 3 Conclusion
2 The Muslim World at the Frontiers: Al-Andalus
 Section One: Andalusī Jurisprudence
 1 Al-Andalus: Loss of Muslim Power
 2 Ibn Ḥazm and the Ṭāʿīfa States
 3 The Jurist-Judge in al-Andalus: Ibn Rushd al-Jadd
 4 Remarks on Andalusī Jurisprudence
 Section Two: the Mongol “Threat”
 5 Ibn Taymiyya and “Quasi”-Muslims
3 Mainstream Narratives
 1 Official Institutions
 2 Mainstream Independent Scholarship
 3 Mainstream Scholarship: a New Consensus?
4 Contemporary Militant Approaches
 1 The Complexity of Militant Literature
 2 al-Qāʿida Debated
 3 ISIS: the “Fear Doctrine”
 4 Militant Groups: Concluding Remarks
Conclusion: Authority and the Classical Tradition
 1 Personal Raʾy: Employed by Its Critics
 2 Modern Projects: Eclectic Approaches to Classical Legal Authority
 3 Modern Institutions: What Can They Do?
Bibliography
Index

More info here

LECTURE: "Les idées constitutionnelles, idées itinérantes ?" (Département de droit romain et d'histoire du droit, université Paris II Panthéon-Assas, 2 DEC 2019)

(image source: Brill)

Prof. Ulrike Müssig (Passau) will hold a talk entitled "Les idées constitutionnelles, des idées itinérantes ?" at the Centre Sainte-Barbe (4 rue Valette, 75005 PARIS) on Monday 2 December, at 18:00.


12 November 2019

CONFERENCE: Pluralistische Rechtsverständnisse? (Pluralistic Concepts of Law?) Diskussionen um den Rechtsbegriff in den juristischen Disziplinen an der Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhundert (Frankfurt, 14-15 November 2019)



We learned that the MPI for European Legal History is organizing a conference on pluralistic concepts of law later this week. Here the program:

Since the end of the 19th century, one can observe a differentiation within German jurisprudence. New sub-disciplines emerged which had their own university chairs, textbooks, institutes and journals. The various sub-disciplines - old and new - were connected with different sets of problems, target groups and intellectual traditions. The conference 'Pluralistic Concepts of Law?' will examine whether different conceptions of law developed out of this.

14 November

9.30-10.00 Peter Collin, Leonard Wolckenhaar Begrüßung und Einführung 10.00-10.45 Milan Kuhli Strafrecht 10.45-11.15 Kaffeepause 11.15-12.45 Johannes W. Flume Handelsrecht Peter Collin Wirtschaftsrecht 12.45-13.45 Mittagessen 13.45-15.15 Michael Droege Steuerrecht Martin Otto Evangelisches Kirchenrecht 15.15-16.00 Kaffeepause 16.00-17.30 Leonard Wolckenhaar Verwaltungsrecht Stefan Stegner Sozialrecht 17.30-18.30 Abendessen 18.30-19.30 Gerd Bender Arbeitsrecht

15. November

9.30-11.00 Carsten Kremer Staatsrecht Stefan Kroll Völkerrecht 11.00-11.30 Kaffeepause 11.30-13.00 Christoph-Eric Mecke Privatrecht Margrit Seckelmann Recht des geistigen Eigentums 13.00-14.00 Mittagessen 14.00-15.30 Andreas Funke Rechtstheorie Werner Gephart Rechtssoziologie 15.30-16.00 Kaffeepause 16.00-16.30 Abschlussdisku