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18 July 2019

PODCAST: Robin EAGLES (History of Parliament Trust) on the Impeachment and Trial of Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford

(image: Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Harley and Mortimer; source: Wikimedia Commons)

The impeachment and trial of Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford and Tory Cabinet Leader from 1710 to 1714, is a classical episode of British parliamentary and political history. Harley supported peace with France, and withdrew British troops from the front in May 1712. The Franco-British preliminaries of peace (October 1711) set out the blueprint of the later peace treaties of Utrecht (11 April 1713) and Rastatt (6 March 1714). Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the Dutch Republic felt betrayed by this decision. When Queen Anne died in August 1714, Hanoverian Elector Georg Ludwig von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, her closest Protestant relative, succeeded her. Shortly after his arrival in Britain, the new sovereign appointed a Whig-dominated Cabinet. Subsequently, the new majority, led by James Viscount Stanhope and the Earl of Sunderland, persecuted the previous political masters, accusing them of treason. Whereas Lord Bolingbroke (Secretary of State for the Southern Department) managed to escape to France, Lord Harley was sentenced and imprisoned in the Tower. This internal settlement of accounts, however, did not deter the new Whig-administration from pursuing a foreign policy akin to that of their predecessors.

Robin Eagles (History of Parliament Trust) discusses this well-documented case in a recent podcast (video, above or audio, here).

COLLOQUIUM: Weimar – Réflexions autour d’une Constitution centenaire (Cergy-Pontoise, 13 September 2019)



Via the Portail universitaire du droit, we learned about an international colloquium on the Weimar constitution to be held in Cergy-Pontoise (near Paris) coming September.

Présentation

La Constitution de Weimar a été promulguée le 11 août 1919. De nombreuses manifestations ont d’ores et déjà eu lieu en Allemagne pour célébrer le centenaire de ce texte majeur du constitutionnalisme allemand.

L’objectif de cette journée d’étude est de prolonger les discussions en France, d’une part autour d’interventions de spécialistes français, d’autre part à partir de l’ouvrage de Christoph Gusy, professeur de droit public à l’Université de Bielefeld, précisément paru à l’occasion de ce centenaire.
Le format choisi vise à laisser une grande liberté pour s’interroger sur la signification historique de la Constitution, sur son actualité, de manière globale ou plus spécifique, se référant au constitutionnalisme, à la doctrine, aux institutions, y compris en réfléchissant à la réception de Weimar au-delà des frontières allemandes.


Programme provisoire
Matinée
9h La Constitution de Weimar et le droit international public
Gesa Dannenberg
De l’ambivalence de la démocratie représentative à Weimar et aujourd’hui
Constance Grewe
10h30 : Pause
11h Titre à préciser
Olivier Jouanjan
Constitution et transformation : la double tension, de Weimar à nos jours
Carlos-Miguel Herrera
12h30 : Pause déjeuner
Après-midi
14h : Discussion autour de Christoph Gusy, 100 Jahre Weimarer Verfassung. Eine gute Verfassung in schlechter Zeit (Les 100 ans de la Constitution de Weimar. Une bonne constitution en temps difficiles), Tübingen, 2018)
avec Aurore Gaillet et Renaud Baumert
17h : Fin des travaux


17 July 2019

CALL FOR PAPERS: Mixed Arbitral Tribunals, 1919–1930: An Experiment in the International Adjudication of Private Rights (Luxemburg: MPI, 23-24 APR 2020) (DEADLINE 1 OCT 2019)

(image source: brandsoftheworld)

The creation of a system of Mixed Arbitral Tribunals (MATs) was a major contribution of the post-WWI peace treaties to the development of international adjudication. Numerically speaking, the 36 MATs were undoubtedly the busiest international courts of the interwar period. Taken together, they decided on more than 70,000 cases, mostly covering private rights. This caseload is even more impressive if one considers that their existence generally did not exceed 10 years, as most of the MATs were discontinued pursuant to the 1930 Young Plan. The MATs are similarly remarkable from a procedural point of view. First, their respective rules of procedure were so detailed that contemporaries described them as ‘miniature civil procedure codes’. Second, in a departure from most other international courts and tribunals, they also allowed individuals whose rights were at stake to become involved in the proceedings before them. Although the MATs failed to produce a universally consistent body of case-law, their collection of published decisions was a major source for legal doctrine in the 1920s and 1930s and remains of interest for international lawyers today. The MATs themselves served as a source of inspiration for other international and supranational courts and tribunals, including the European Court of Justice. Their example might similarly inspire potential future negotiations over institutionalized investment tribunals.

And yet, like many other international ‘experiments’ of the interwar period, the MATs are often barely mentioned in post-WWII accounts of international law. Despite (or perhaps because of) the amount of cases they handled and the vastness of archival records they generated, they have not given rise to a single major monograph after 1945.

By organizing a conference specifically dedicated to the MATs and their impact on international adjudication of private rights, the Max Planck Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law would like to provide researchers with the opportunity to shed new light on this often overlooked chapter in the history of international law.

The call is interested in legal, historical, and sociological research addressing issues such as:
- How the MATs contributed to the development of public international law;
- How the MATs contributed to private international law;
- How the MATs contributed to intellectual property law;
- How the MATs contributed to the foreign legal policies of individual states (both within and outside Europe);
- How the MATs contributed to the professionalisation of international law academics and practitioners;
- The role and sociology of non-state actors before the MATs;
- The relations between the MATs and other international institutions;
- The differences between the MATs and other dispute settlement mechanisms of the interwar period (notably the German–US Mixed Commission);
- The perception of the MATs by the press and the broader public at the time of their operation;
- The subsequent use of case law produced by the MATs by international institutions, legal scholars and practitioners;
- The subsequent impact of the MATs on international adjudication

From a methodological point of view, the call welcomes papers based on archival sources and/or on doctrinal writings and the case law of MATs.

Abstracts of no more than 600 words, written in English or French and including the author’s name, e-mail address and a one-page curriculum vitae, should be submitted to secretariatprof.ruizfabri@mpi.lu by 1 October 2019. Successful applicants will be notified via e-mail by 15 October 2019 and are expected to produce a draft paper by 10 April 2020. The organizers will cover/reimburse travel (economy) and accommodation costs.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: 4 PhD Scholarships in Global History and Governance (Universita Degli Studi di Napoli Federico II) (DEADLINE: 2 September 2019)



We learned that the Universita Degli Studi di Napoli Federico II has a call for applications for four, funded, PhD positions in global history and governance. Here the call:

Program coordinator: Prof. Daniela Luigia Caglioti

Length of the program: 4 years

Scholarships: 6 positions with a stipend of € 19,000 per year are available for the academic year 2019-2020 (the stipend is supplemented with additional funding for study abroad, research trips and conference travel reimbursements)
The program
The Ph.D. in Global History and Governance is an advanced research degree at the end of which each student must defend a dissertation based on independent and original academic research.
The course offers a multi-disciplinary training program based on history and law and open to contributions from other disciplines, such as political science and economics. The program focuses on the comparison, connections and processes of globalization that have characterized different areas of the planet since the first epoch of global imperialism and does so by focusing on the relational dimension of historical processes, legal regimes and the organization of power, on the interdependencies between economic, political, juridical, cultural and social factors and on the circulation, exchange and interconnection of ideas, people, institutions, legal cultures, political models, concepts, rights and goods on a global scale.

The PhD board consists of eighteen members with a wide range of research specialties and can offer training and preparation for research at the level of the best international centers in the following areas: History and historiography; European empires of the modern and contemporary age; States, wars and violence in the nineteenth and twentieth century; History of slavery and forced labor; The legal heritage of Europe and its integration; Religions and the sacred in the modern and contemporary world; Ideas, conceptions and practices of citizenship; States, nations, languages, peoples, classes; The globalization of law.

Candidates for the Ph.D. are normally expected to hold a master's degree (or equivalent qualification) in a subject relevant to the program. The Ph.D. program in Global History and Governance is conceived for prepared and motivated students who also have different language skills and are willing to study in a multi and interdisciplinary environment.

The program aims to train highly qualified scholars and managers who can work in the fields of historical and legal research, international organizations, government and public administration, private companies, thanks to the acquisition of knowledge, concepts, theories and tools useful to read and interpret critically and consciously the historical and legal dynamics and the forces that contribute to the formation and structuring of the world system.

Classes are taught either in Italian or English.

The Ph.D. Faculty Board
Admission
Admission to the Ph.D. program is competitive. The selection process is based on the evaluation of candidates'  academic record, a research project (max 3.500 words, together with a selected bibliography and an abstract in Italian and English, max 500 words), as well as an interview in English. The competent bodies of the SSM will establish each year the number of positions available.

Program rules and requirements

The Ph.D. program develops over 4 years.

The first year of the program is dedicated to coursework. In the following three years, the students will focus on their research and will be required to give periodical accounts of their progress both in individual interviews and in seminar meetings.

The coursework consists of three courses with final verification for each of the two terms plus participation in workshops, seminar activities during which students can discuss specific aspects of their doctoral work; attendance of invited lectures; and activities of linguistic training, computer science, research management and enhancement of its results.

The coursework of the first year takes place in two terms: November-February and March-June and is organized as follows:

1st year:
- 6 courses (approx. 10 two-hour sessions) with final verification, typically an historiographical or research essay of 5,000 words;
- 6 three-day workshops;
- active participation in conferences and seminars organized by the program or by other universities and research institutions;
- preparation of a detailed research project for the passage to the 2nd year of the program.

2nd year:
- active participation in conferences and workshops organized by the program or other universities and research institutions;
- two-days of presentation of the progress of the research in the presence of advisors and the Board
- research work on the thesis and preparation of a chapter.

3rd year:
- seminars presenting the research in progress in the presence of advisors and the Board and active participation in conferences and workshops;
- research work on the thesis and preparation of a chapter.

4th year:
- completion of the thesis.

Courses' topics (examples):

Forms of organization of power;
Revolutions, civil and global wars. Case studies, paradigms, and interpretative problems, historiographical perspectives;
Legal and social citizenship, the welfare state and human rights;
Power, religion, sacred in the modern and contemporary eras;
History and analysis of the concepts of people, state, nation and nationality, national languages, class;
Forms of economic and legal integration on a regional (UE, WTO, NAFTA, MERCOSUR) and global basis;
Mythologies of global law;
Rise, expansion, and decline of empires;
History and historiography of the global society;
Labor global history and dynamics of capitalism.

Research activity
Students carry out their research activity under the supervision of a thesis advisor chosen among the members of the Ph.D. Faculty Board. When applicable, the Board can appoint a second advisor, also by activating an external co-tutelle. Admission to the second year is decided on the basis of the presentation of a detailed research project, including a three-year work plan presented to the Board. In addition to the discussion of the project itself and of the papers students prepare for the courses they attend, the Board can also assign them reading lists.
Admission to the third year is decided on the basis of the discussion and approval of a detailed outline of the thesis that the student intends to write and of a chapter thereof.
Admission to the fourth year is decided on the basis of the presentation and discussion, and therefore of the approval by the thesis advisor, of a further chapter of the thesis and of a detailed table of content.
International collaborations

The Ph.D. program in Global History and Governance is designed to be innovative and interdisciplinary, with an international projection, aiming to attract the best students from all over the world. International leading experts in the field are invited as guest lecturers, in addition to scholars working in foreign universities who currently serve as members of the faculty board.
Each student will be required to spend at least one year (also broken into several terms) in foreign universities, research institutes, archives and libraries.
The official languages of the Ph.D. program are Italian and English; courses and seminars may be held in Italian or English.
The PhD program aims to build a series of international partnerships through which to develop the mobility of students and teachers.
Coursework schedule and overview (2019-2020)
In preparation
Scholarly skills
The following activities are organized in collaboration with the other SSM PhD Programs.
Language courses: The SSM organizes, through the University of Naples Fredrick II, Italian language courses for non-native speakers, as well as course in English, French, German, and Spanish.
Computer skills: Ph.D students will be trained in the critical use of e-resources, paying special but not unique attention to those available at the School. Special seminars will aim at improving the students' familiarity with tools such as reference managers, spreadsheets, etc.
Research management, knowledge of research systems and of funding opportunities: The SSM offers training activities to improve the students' knowledge of research management methods, also in relation to funding opportunities. ERC, FIRB principal investigators and other scholars awarded with fellowships from international institutions will lead and attend specific meetings focusing on how to plan research projects.
Valorization of research results and copyright: The SSM will strive to increase the students' knowledge of the rules concerning the exploitation of research results as well as their dissemination, the protection of researchers' work, and copyright. Specific training activities will also be devoted to developing an understanding of how to patent ideas and projects both nationally and internationally.

All information can be found here

16 July 2019

CONFERENCE: 38th annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society (11-14 December 2019, Melbourne)


(Source: ANZLHS)

The Australia and New Zealand Law and History Society is hosting its annual conference next December in Melbourne. All updates (e.g. programme) can be found here.

The 38th annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society (ANZLHS) invites those who bring an historical perspective on law to consider together the many ways our work has in the past, and continues in the future, to matter.

This historical perspective on law is broadly defined – and includes those who position law in a temporal frame, who write legal history or histories of law, lawmaking, legal ideas, jurisprudence, jurisdiction or legal institutions and their personnel.

Does Law's History Matter? The Politics of our Disciplinary Practices

Writing law's history has long been understood as a purposeful practice, both necessary and never complete, as the eminent British historian FW Maitland noted more than a century ago. Today, with the flourishing of imperial and postcolonial scholarship, Maitland's advocacy of researching law's past prompts renewed attention to the progenitors, methods and politics of our disciplinary practices.
The imperative of capturing and presenting that knowledge seems greater than ever before. Yet for those of us engaged in historical study it can often appear that what we do, and why we do it, is not always well recognised or as valued as it should be. Simultaneously, questions abound about the implications of our practice and its political impact or purpose.

This conference will examine the value of studying law's history in its many forms.

15 July 2019

BOOK: Flocel SABATÉ, The Death Penalty in Late-Medieval Catalonia : Evidence and Significations (London: Routledge, 2019). ISBN 9780367188634, £130.00


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing a book on the death penalty in late-medieval Catalonia.

ABOUT THE BOOK

The death penalty was unusual in medieval Europe until the twelfth century. From that moment on, it became a key instrument of rule in European society, and we can study it in the case of Catalonia through its rich and varied unpublished documentation. The death penalty was justified by Roman Law; accepted by Theology and Philosophy for the Common Good; and used by rulers as an instrument for social intimidation. The application of the death penalty followed a regular trial, and the status of the individual dictated the method of execution, reserving the fire for the worst crimes, as the Inquisition applied against the so-called heretics. The executions were public, and the authorities and the people shared the common goal of restoring the will of God which had been broken by the executed person. The death penalty took an important place in the core of the medieval mind: people included executions in the jokes and popular narratives while the gallows filled the landscape fitting the jurisdictional limits and, also, showing rotten corpses to assert that the best way to rule and order the society is by terror.

This book utilises previously unpublished archival sources to present a unique study on the death penalty in late Medieval Europe.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Flocel Sabaté is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Lleida, Spain and Doctor Honoris Causa of the Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Argentina. He is director of the journal Imago Temporis Medium Aevum and president of the Association of the Historians of the Crown of Aragon. He has served as a guest professor in universities and research centres as Concepción, ENS (Lyon), JSPS (Tokyo), Lisboa, Mexico, Paris-1, Poitiers, and Yale.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
Chapter One: Introduction
Chapter Two: Precedent times: The Early-Medieval Justice Before Major Crimes
Chapter Three: Sovereignty and merum imperium
Chapter Four: The Symbology of the Gallows: Jurisdiction and Terror
Chapter Five: The Death Penalty in the ‘plenitudo potestatis’
Chapter Six: The Death Penalty in the Non-Royal Jurisdictions
Chapter Seven: The Death Penalty in the Legislation and Municipal Capitality
Chapter Eight: The Death Penalty in Ordinary Justice
Chapter Nine: The Death Sentences
Chapter Ten: The Application of the Death Penalty: The Ceremony of Execution
Chapter Eleven: The Application of the Death Penalty: The Display of the Body
Chapter Twelve: The Application of the Death Penalty: Punishment by Fire
Chapter Thirteen: More Fire: The Inquisition and the Death Penalty
Chapter Fourteen: The Death Penalty and Otherness: Jews and Muslims Before the Death Penalty
Chapter Fifteen: The Death Penalty in the Mind
Chapter Sixteen: The Death Penalty in the Paths to Consolidate Power and Social Cohesion
Chapter Seventeen: The Death Penalty at the End of the Middle Ages in the Tense Catalonia
Chapter Eighteen: Conclusions
Appendix
Index

More information here

12 July 2019

ESCLH Membership 2019 (€ 25 for PhD-students, € 50 other members)



Membership of the European Society for Comparative Legal History includes a free print subscription to our peer-reviewed journal Comparative Legal History (Taylor&Francis), and a reduced fee when attending the Biennial ESCLH Conference (see here).

Tariffs can be found here (€ 25 for doctoral students, € 50 other members). 
Members can send their regular contribution through Paypal or bank transfer.

JOURNAL: Comparative Legal History VII (2019), No. 1

(image source: ESCLH)

Introduction (Heikki Pihlajamäki & Matt Dyson)

Between the Lion Cub of Judea and the British Lion: cause lawyers, British rule and national struggle in Mandatory Palestine (Shimon-Erez Blum)
Abstract:
The tempestuous political environment of the final days of British Mandate rule in Palestine saw intensive activity by cause lawyers. As a test case of this activity, this article examines the conduct of the attorneys who handled the case of Dov Gruner, a member of the Irgun Zionist underground. In April 1946, Gruner was sentenced to death by a British military court. Informed by cause lawyering paradigm, the article examines the tactics used by his lawyers and their relations with players within and outside the court. This examination sheds light on the links between nationality, the law and lawyers at that time in Palestine. In particular, the analysis highlights the key role played by the lawyers in the Gruner affair, similar from that perspective to the dominant role of lawyers in the Irish War of Independence and different from the relatively marginal role played by lawyers in Indian freedom struggle.
 Do you know the ninth commandment? Tensions of the oath in Dutch colonial Sri Lanka (Nadeera Rupesinghe)
Abstract:
Colonial agents often saw the value of improvising the corporal form of the oath for the smoother functioning of judicial bodies. In eighteenth-century Sri Lanka, the Dutch colonial government found that potential swearers were mostly nominal Christians who had few scruples about giving false oaths. This subtle resistance prompted the Dutch to make changes to accommodate local customs. Ultimately, the changes were of little use due to the mutual discrediting of potential oath-takers. A nominal Christian’s refusal to take the Dutch oath and preference for the local oath would be criticized, as also an acceptance of the Dutch form. Plural forms of the oath thus did not always provide the desired effect but rebounded in unexpected ways. This article argues that the study of mundane everyday judicial practice is needed to gain deeper insights into the functioning of pluralistic and colonial law.
 Enhancing comparative legal history: the ESCLH’s contribution on its 10th anniversary (Aniceto Masferrer Domingo)
Abstract:
The ESCLH will celebrate the 10th anniversary of its foundation in the Hague on 5 December 2019. The following pages describe and reflect on the contribution of the ESCLH to comparative legal history, analysing the past and the present, while looking to the future, before concluding with some final considerations on what I call the ‘Spirit’ of the ESCLH.
Book reviews:

  •  Juger les fous au Moyen Âge dans les tribunaux royaux en France XIVe-XVe siècles by Maud Ternon, Paris, PUF, 2018, 274 pp., € 25 (hbk), ISBN 978-2130749516 (Yves Mausen)
  • Challenges to authority and the recognition of rights: from Magna Carta to modernity edited by Catharine MacMillan and Charlotte Smith, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018, ix + 351 pp., £95.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781108429238 (Robert Brett Taylor)
  • Blackstone and his critics edited by Anthony Page and Wilfrid Prest, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2018, 229 + xxi pp., $117 (hbk), ISBN 978-1509910458 (Matthew Stubbs)
  • Building a revolutionary state: the legal transformation of New York, 1776–1783 by Howard Pashman, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2018, 192 pp., $30 (hbk), ISBN 978-0226544014 (John P. Kaminski)
  • The role of circuit courts in the formation of United States law in the early republic: following Supreme Court Justices Washington, Livingston, Story and Thompson by David Lynch, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2018, 256 pp., $108 (hbk), ISBN 978-1509910854 (Tara Helfman)
  • Iterations of law: legal histories from India edited by Aparna Balachandran, Rashmi Pant and Bhavani Raman, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2018, 312 pp., £38,99 (hbk), ISBN 978-0199477791 (Sanjukta Das Gupta)
  • The conservative human rights revolution. European identity, transnational politics and the origins of the European Convention by Marco Duranti, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017, 528 pp., £59 (hbk), ISBN 978-0199811380 (Koen Lemmens)
  • The Law of Nations in Global History by C.H. Alexandrowicz, edited by David Armitage and Jennifer Pitts, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017, 464 pp., £80 (hbk), ISBN 978-0198766070 (Adam Clulow)
More information with Routledge.

BOOK: Nader HAKIM (dir.), L'histoire du droit entre science et politique (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2019), 330 p. ISBN 9791035103248, € 25

(image source: decitre)

Book abstract:
L’histoire du droit est très majoritairement pratiquée au sein des Facultés de droit par des juristes qui ont choisi de se consacrer à l’histoire de leur discipline. Ce lien intime distingue ainsi non seulement l’histoire du droit de l’histoire des Facultés de lettres mais également des sciences politiques et de l’histoire des sciences. Elle est ainsi communément pensée comme neutre ou apolitique, son objectif étant d’éclairer le droit par son histoire. Issu d’un colloque qui s’est tenu à Bordeaux en 2015, cet ouvrage réunit les contributions de jeunes chercheurs français, italiens et chinois ainsi que trois historiens du droit français, états-unien et israélien. Leur thème commun est en l’occurrence l’inscription politique de l’histoire du droit. En confrontant leurs regards de juristes-historiens ou de philosophes à partir d’exemples puisés dans les époques moderne et contemporaine, en interrogeant leur historiographie et en entrant au coeur de l’épistémologie de leur « science », les auteurs proposent une série de travaux allant de l’École de Salamanque au xvie siècle au droit public espagnol sous Franco, tout en interrogeant leurs propres méthodes et pratiques de chercheurs. Invitation à la réflexivité, ces études montrent l’ampleur des questionnements d’une jeune recherche dans une discipline qui ne cesse de se renouveler.
Table of contents:
Introduction. Histoire du droit et politique : éviter l’affrontement, affronter l’inéluctable Nader Hakim « La polémique byzantine », un débat de l’historiographie juridique italienne sur les origines du droit médiéval Dario Di Cecca | L’histoire du droit et la question épistémologique fondamentale de la science « classique ». La méthodologie historique-critique dans la philosophie transcendantale de Kant Stefano Veneroni | Méthode historique et humanisme juridique. Le discours sur la difficulté et la méthode d’enseignement du droit civil (1585) de Giulio Pace de Beriga (1550- 1635) Marine Bohar | «Law is not a theoretical science but an organic and natural process». A new perspective for the legal history in Italy during the 19th century Alessia Maria Di Stefano | L’histoire du droit, entre comparaison diachronique et synchronique. Le dépassement de l’histoire juridique nationale et ses enjeux Giulia Maria Labriola | Méthodologie et dogmatique dans l’histoire du droit international. La perspective globale Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina | Droit et politique au xviiie siècle. Quelques considérations sur le droit public européen de Mably Ludovica Bosica | L’histoire du droit au service du droit naturel (1870-1900) Mingzhe Zhu | Le rôle de l’argument historique dans la formation de la doctrine administrativiste française au xixe siècle Jean- Philippe Ferreira | La contribution de l’École de salamanque dans la réaffirmation du pouvoir de l’Église catholique après le concile de Trente Alfonso Alibrandi | Édouard Laboulaye. L’histoire du droit au service d’une analyse et d’une action politiques Jean Charriaud | L’histoire du droit au service d’une pédagogie républicaine de l’architecture. L’Histoire d’un hôtel de ville et d’une cathédrale de Viollet-le-Duc Kévin Brémond | Jacques Flach et la Première Guerre mondiale. L’histoire du droit au service de la patrie Antoine Sené | L’instrumentalisation de l’histoire du droit sous le premier franquisme. L’exemple du droit public Anna Neyrat | The variability of political influences on the history of legal thought. An intellectual autobiography David M. Rabban | The history of law between science and politics. New approaches? Assaf Likhovski
(source: decitre)

11 July 2019

BOOK: Keith E. WHITTINGTON, Repugnant Laws : Judicial Review of Acts of Congress from the Founding to the Present (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2019). ISBN 9780700627790, €42.43


(Source: Bookdepository)

The University Press of Kansas has published a new book on judicial review, and the striking down of statutes by the USSC.

ABOUT THE BOOK

When the Supreme Court strikes down favored legislation, politicians cry judicial activism. When the law is one politicians oppose, the court is heroically righting a wrong. In our polarized moment of partisan fervor, the Supreme Court's routine work of judicial review is increasingly viewed through a political lens, decried by one side or the other as judicial overreach, or "legislating from the bench." But is this really the case? Keith E. Whittington asks in Repugnant Laws, a first-of-its-kind history of judicial review.

A thorough examination of the record of judicial review requires first a comprehensive inventory of relevant cases. To this end, Whittington revises the extant catalog of cases in which the court has struck down a federal statute and adds to this, for the first time, a complete catalog of cases upholding laws of Congress against constitutional challenges. With reference to this inventory, Whittington is then able to offer a reassessment of the prevalence of judicial review, an account of how the power of judicial review has evolved over time, and a persuasive challenge to the idea of an antidemocratic, heroic court. In this analysis, it becomes apparent that that the court is political and often partisan, operating as a political ally to dominant political coalitions; vulnerable and largely unable to sustain consistent opposition to the policy priorities of empowered political majorities; and quasi-independent, actively exercising the power of judicial review to pursue the justices' own priorities within bounds of what is politically tolerable.

The court, Repugnant Laws suggests, is a political institution operating in a political environment to advance controversial principles, often with the aid of political leaders who sometimes encourage and generally tolerate the judicial nullification of federal laws because it serves their own interests to do so. In the midst of heated battles over partisan and activist Supreme Court justices, Keith Whittington's work reminds us that, for better or for worse, the court reflects the politics of its time.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Keith E. Whittington is William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Politics at Princeton University. His many books include Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy, Speak Freely, and, also from Kansas, Constitutional Interpretation. 

More information here

10 July 2019

ANNOUNCEMENT: Research Group "Ius Illuminatium - Officina de investigação" (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

(image source: Ius Illuminatum)

L’Instituto de Estudos Medievais (IEM) de la Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas de l'Universidade NOVA de Lisbonne a le plaisir d'annoncer la création de l’équipe de recherche "Ius Illuminatum - Oficina de investigação".
IUS ILLUMINATUM est une équipe scientifique internationale composée par des historiens de l'art médiéval appartenant à différentes institutions universitaires européennes, tous spécialisés dans l’étude des manuscrits juridiques enluminés. La formation de ce groupe de recherche est liée au projet de recherche en cours «ManJurEurIt. Manuscritos Jurídicos Europeus Itinerantes » de Maria Alessandra Bilotta, chercheuse de la Faculté des sciences sociales et humaines de l’Universidade NOVA de Lisbonne et membre de l'Institut d'études médiévales (IEM) de la même Université, coordinatrice et chercheuse principale de l'équipe. Le projet “ManJurEurIt. Manuscritos Jurídicos Europeus Itinerantes ”vise à étudier la circulation des manuscrits juridiques au Portugal et leurs liens avec la mobilité artistique et sociale en Europe méditerranéenne. L’équipe de recherche entend mener une étude comparative des courants artistiques, culturels et sociaux révélés par la production et la circulation de manuscrits juridiques enluminés dans l’Europe médiévale. Chacun des membres de l'équipe propose d'étudier ces phénomènes en étudiant des types spécifiques de manuscrits juridiques, dans une région déterminée de l'Europe. L’équipe se penchera également sur les aspects matériels du livre juridique médiéval, avec la collaboration de codicologues et d’archéologues, et analysera ces livres comme des objets archéologiques. Enfin, l’équipe a pour autre objectif celui de contribuer à la promotion et à l’amplification du débat sur ces problématiques, en organisant des réunions scientifiques et en établissant des contacts et des collaborations interdisciplinaires avec d’autres groupes de recherche et institutions scientifiques. IUS ILLUMINATUM a son siège à l'Institut d'études médiévales (IEM) de la Faculté des sciences sociales et humaines de l’Universidade NOVA de Lisbonne. Plus d’infos sur le projet ici dans le site internet de l'équipe: http://fabricadesites.fcsh.unl.pt/iusilluminata/
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The Institute for Medieval Studies (IEM) in the NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities of Lisbon has the pleasure to announce the creation of the research team "Ius Illuminatum - Oficina de investigação".
 IUS ILLUMINATUM is an international scientific team composed of medieval art historians belonging to different European academic institutions, all specializing in illuminated legal manuscripts. The formation of this research group is linked to the current research project “ManJurEurIt. Manuscritos Jurídicos Europeus Itinerantes” of Maria Alessandra Bilotta, researcher in the NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities of Lisbon and member of the Institute for Medieval Studies (IEM) at the same University, who is the coordinator and principal investigator of the team. The project “ManJurEurIt. Manuscritos Jurídicos Europeus Itinerantes” aims to investigate the circulation of legal manuscripts in Portugal and their connections to artistic and social mobility in Mediterranean Europe. The research team intends to carry on a comparative study of the artistic, cultural and social currents revealed by the production and the circulation of illuminated legal manuscripts in medieval Europe. Each of the team members proposes to investigate these phenomena through the study of specific types of legal manuscripts, within a definite region of Europe. The team will be considering also the material aspects of the medieval legal book, with the collaboration of codicologists and archaeologists, analysing such books as archaeological artifacts. Finally, another purpose of the team’s work is to help promote and amplify the discussion of our issues by organizing scientific meetings and establishing contacts and interdisciplinary collaborations with other research groups and scientific institutions. IUS ILLUMINATUM has its headquarters at the Institute for Medieval Studies (IEM) in the NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities of Lisbon, while the members retain their own academic affiliations.

ARTICLE: Philip LOFT, "Litigation, the Anglo-Scottish Union, and the House of Lords as High Court, 1660-1875" (Historical Journal LXI (2018), nr. 4, pp. 943-967 (OPEN ACCESS)

(image source: Cambridge)

Abstract:

This article examines the role of the House of Lords as the high court from the Restoration of 1660 to the passage of the Appellate Jurisdiction Act in 1876. Throughout this period, lay peers and bishops judged appeals on civil law from the central courts of England and Wales, Ireland (aside from between 1783 and 1800), and Scotland after the Union of 1707. It has long been known that the revolution of 1688–9 transformed the ability of parliament to pass legislation, but the increased length and predictability of parliamentary sessions was of equal significance to the judicial functions performed by peers. Unlike the English-dominated profile of eighteenth-century legislation, Scots constituted the largest proportion of appellants between 1740 and 1875. The lack of interaction between Westminster and Scotland is often seen as essential to ensuring the longevity of the Union, but through comparing the subject matter of appeals and mapping the distribution of cases within Scotland, this article demonstrates the extent of Scottish engagement. Echoing the tendency of Scottish interests to pursue local, private, and specific legislation in order to insulate Scottish institutions from English intervention, Scottish litigants primarily sought to maintain and challenge local privileges, legal particularisms, and the power of dominant landowners.
Read the article in full on Cambridge Core.

09 July 2019

SPECIAL ISSUE: Cristina VANO, Heikki PIHLAJAMÄKI & Ricardo SONTAG (eds.), Legal history beyond borders: international circulation of law in modernity [Revista da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais 74 (2019)] - OPEN ACCESS


 

Table of contents:


EDITORIAL
Cristina Vano
Heikki Pihlajamäki
Ricardo Sontag

EDITORIAL
Cristina Vano
Heikki Pihlajamäki
Ricardo Sontag

SUPREMAS DECISÕES: INJUSTIÇAS NOTÓRIAS E NULIDADES MANIFESTAS (1829-1841)
Adriana Pereira Campos

SUPREME RULINGS: GLARING INJUSTICES AND CLEAR-CUT NULLITIES (1829-1841)
Adriana Pereira Campos

O PRINCÍPIO DA INSIGNIFICÂNCIA E SUAS VICISSITUDES ENTRE ALEMANHA E BRASIL: ANÁLISE DE UM CASO DE INADVERTIDA CRIATIVIDADE JURÍDICA (1964-2016)
Alexander de Castro

THE PRINCIPLE OF INSIGNIFICANCE AND ITS VICISSITUDES BETWEEN GERMANY AND BRAZIL: ANALYSIS OF A CASE OF INADVERTENT LEGAL CREATIVITY (1964-2016)
Alexander de Castro

ENTRELAÇAMENTOS CULTURAIS NA PRIMEIRA REPÚBLICA: O CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO PENAL DO ESTADO DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL (1898) E SUAS FONTES DOUTRINÁRIAS E LEGISLATIVAS
Alfredo de Jesus Dal Molin Flores
Régis João Nodari

CULTURAL ENTANGLEMENTS IN THE BRAZILIAN FIRST REPUBLIC: THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE OF THE STATE OF RIO GRANDE DO SUL (1898) AND ITS DOCTRINAL AND LEGISLATIVE SOURCES
Alfredo de Jesus Dal Molin Flores
Régis João Nodari

COMMERCIAL JUDICIARY ON THE POLISH TERRITORIES IN THE 19TH CENTURY – A REPACKAGED FRENCH PRODUCT OR A MOCK-UP?
Anna Klimaszewska

JUSTIÇA COMERCIAL NOS TERRITÓRIOS POLONESES DO SÉCULO XIX – UM PRODUTO FRANCÊS REPAGINADO OU UMA SIMPLES MAQUETE?
Anna Klimaszewska

CODIFICAÇÃO, RECODIFICAÇÃO, DESCODIFICAÇÃO? UMA HISTÓRIA DAS DIMENSÕES JURÍDICAS DA JUSTIÇA NO BRASIL IMPERIAL A PARTIR DO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CRIMINAL DE 1832
Diego Nunes

CODIFICATION, RECODIFICATION AND DECODIFICATION OF LAW: A HISTORY OF LEGAL DIMENSIONS OF JUSTICE IN THE IMPERIAL BRAZIL BY THE CODIGO DE PROCESSO CRIMINAL OF 1832
Diego Nunes

TEMPRANOS ECOS DE LA REFORMA UNIVERSITARIA CORDOBESA ENTRE LOS JURISTAS BRASILEÑOS
Ezequiel Abásolo

FIRST ECHOES OF THE CORDOBAN UNIVERSITY REFORM AMONG BRAZILIAN JURISTS
Ezequiel Abásolo

UN NUOVO MODO DI SCIOGLIERE I CONTRATTI BILATERALI. AUGUSTO TEIXEIRA DE FREITAS E LA CIRCOLAZIONE DEI MODELLI TRA EUROPA E AMERICA LATINA NEL XIX SECOLO
Filippo Rossi

A NEW WAY OF TERMINATING BILATERAL CONTRACTS. AUGUSTO TEIXEIRA DE FREITAS AND LEGAL MODELS BETWEEN EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA DURING THE 19TH CENTURY
Filippo Rossi

LA STORIA COSTITUZIONALE AMERICANA NELLA CULTURA GIURIDICA ITALIANA TRA OTTO E NOVECENTO
Floriana Colao

THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY IN ITALIAN LEGAL CULTURE BETWEEN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
Floriana Colao

OS “IDEAIS CIVILIZACIONAIS” E A CONSTRUÇÃO DA IMAGEM DO DIREITO PELOS JURISTAS NA PRIMEIRA REPÚBLICA: ANGLO-AMERICANOS, FRANCO-PORTUGUESES E GERMANISTAS
Gustavo Castagna Machado

THE “CIVILIZATIONAL IDEALS” AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE IMAGE OF LAW BY JURISTS IN THE BRAZILIAN FIRST REPUBLIC: ANGLO-AMERICANS, FRANCO-PORTUGUESE AND GERMANISTS
Gustavo Castagna Machado

UNLAWFUL ASSOCIATIONS AND COMBINATIONS IN THE EARLY PENAL CODES. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FRANCE AND SPAIN
Isabel Ramos Vázquez

ASSOCIAÇÕES E REUNIÕES ILEGAIS NOS PRIMEIROS CÓDIGOS PENAIS. UM ESTUDO COMPARATIVO DA FRANÇA E DA ESPANHA
Isabel Ramos Vázquez

“PENITENCIARISMO JUSTICIALISTA FOR EXPORT”. EL ASESORAMIENTO TÉCNICO DE ROBERTO PETTINATO EN LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DE LA PENITENCIARÍA DEL LITORAL (ECUADOR: MAYO-SEPTIEMBRE DE 1954)
Jorge A. Núñez

“JUSTICIALIST PENITENTIARISM FOR EXPORT”. ROBERTO PETTINATO’S TECHNICAL ADVICE IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE LITORAL PENITENTIARY (ECUADOR: MAY- SEPTEMBER 1954)
Jorge A. Núñez

THE CIRCULATION OF TRANSNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW BETWEEN THE AMERICAS AND GERMANY (1848-1914) IN EXTRADITION TREATIES, JURIDICAL DISCOURSES AND INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
Karl Härter

A CIRCULAÇÃO DO DIREITO CRIMINAL TRANSNACIONAL ENTRE AS AMÉRICAS E A ALEMANHA (1848-1914) EM TRATADOS DE EXTRADIÇÃO, DISCURSOS JURÍDICOS E ASSOCIAÇÕES INTERNACIONAIS
Karl Härter

TERRAS EM CONTENDA: CIRCULAÇÃO E PRODUÇÃO DE NORMATIVIDADES EM CONFLITOS AGRÁRIOS NO BRASIL IMPÉRIO
Mariana Armond Dias Paes

LAND UNDER DISPUTE: CIRCULATION AND NORMATIVE PRODUCTION IN LAND CONFLICTS AT THE BRAZILIAN EMPIRE
Mariana Armond Dias Paes

COOPER, MEYER, BLAXLAND ET LA CIRCULATION DE L’ARGUMENTATION LORS DE LA CONTROVERSE SUR LA CODIFICATION DU DROIT ANGLAIS (1830-1839)
Sylvain Soleil

COOPER, MEYER, BLAXLAND: HOW ARGUMENTS SPREAD DURING THE DEBATE SURROUNDING THE CODIFICATION OF ENGLISH LAW (1830-1839)
Sylvain Soleil

INFLUÊNCIAS DA CIRCULAÇÃO DE IDEIAS NORTE-AMERICANAS SOBRE O SISTEMA DE CONTROLE DE CONSTITUCIONALIDADE DA CONSTITUIÇÃO DE 1891
Wagner Feloniuk

INFLUENCES OF THE CIRCULATION OF NORTH AMERICAN IDEAS ON THE JUDICIAL REVIEW SYSTEM OF THE CONSTITUTION OF 1891
Wagner Feloniuk

A TRADUÇÃO DO CONCEITO DE DIREITO ADMINISTRATIVO PELA CULTURA JURÍDICA BRASILEIRA DO SÉCULO XIX
Walter Guandalini Júnior

THE TRANSLATION OF THE CONCEPT OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW BY THE BRAZILIAN LEGAL CULTURE IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
Walter Guandalini Júnior

LA PERSECUCIÓN DE LA TRAICIÓN EN LA GUERRA DE LA INDEPENDENCIA (1808-1814). UNA APROXIMACIÓN AL PARADÓJICO CONTEXTO ESPAÑOL DE RECEPCIÓN DE LAS IDEAS LIBERALES FRANCESAS
Aniceto Masferrer

THE PERSECUTION OF TREASON DURING THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE (1808-1814). AN APPROXIMATION OF THE PARADOXICAL SPANISH CONTEXT OF RECEPTION OF FRENCH LIBERAL IDEAS
Aniceto Masferrer

VOYAGE EN ITALIE. CODE NAPOLEON E HISTORIOGRAFIA: UM ESBOÇO INACABADO
Paolo Cappellini

VOYAGE EN ITALIE. CODE NAPOLEON AND HISTORIOGRAPHY: AN UNFINISHED ESSAY
Paolo Cappellini