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12 December 2019

BOOK: Judith SURKIS, Sex, Law, and Sovereignty in French Algeria, 1830–1930 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781501739507, $29.95



Cornell University Press has published a new book on sex, law and sovereignty in French Algeria.

ABOUT THE BOOK

During more than a century of colonial rule over Algeria, the French state shaped and reshaped the meaning and practice of Muslim law by regulating it and circumscribing it to the domain of family law, while applying the French Civil Code to appropriate the property of Algerians. In Sex, Law, and Sovereignty in French Algeria, 1830–1930, Judith Surkis traces how colonial authorities constructed Muslim legal difference and used it to deny Algerian Muslims full citizenship. In disconnecting Muslim law from property rights, French officials increasingly attached it to the bodies, beliefs, and personhood.

Surkis argues that powerful affective attachments to the intimate life of the family and fantasies about Algerian women and the sexual prerogatives of Muslim men, supposedly codified in the practices of polygamy and child marriage, shaped French theories and regulatory practices of Muslim law in fundamental and lasting ways. Women's legal status in particular came to represent the dense relationship between sex and sovereignty in the colony. This book also highlights the ways in which Algerians interacted with and responded to colonial law. Ultimately, this sweeping legal genealogy of French Algeria elucidates how "the Muslim question" in France became—and remains—a question of sex.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Judith Surkis is Associate Professor of History at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. She is author of Sexing the Citizen.

More info here

BOOK: Anthony O’DONNELL, Inventing Unemployment Regulating Joblessness in Twentieth-Century Australia (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2019). ISBN 9781509928194, £50.00


(Source: Bloomsbury)

Bloomsbury is publishing a new book on the regulation of joblessness in 20th century Australia.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book examines the evolution of Australian unemployment law and policy across the past 100 years. It poses the question 'How does unemployment happen?' But it poses it in a particular way. How do we regulate work relationships, gather statistics, and administer a social welfare system so as to produce something we call 'unemployment'? And how has that changed over time?

Attempts to sort workers into discrete categories – the 'employed', the 'unemployed', those 'not in the labour force' – are fraught, and do not always easily correspond with people's working lives. Across the first decades of the twentieth century, trade unionists, statisticians and advocates of social insurance in Australia as well as Britain grappled with the problem of what forms of joblessness should be classified as 'unemployment'. This book traces those debates. It also chronicles the emergence and consolidation of a specific idea of unemployment in Australia after the Second World War. It then charts the eventual unravelling of that idea, and relates that unravelling to the changing ways of ordering employment relationships.

In doing so, Inventing Unemployment challenges the preconception that casual work, self-employment, and the 'gig economy' are recent phenomena. Those forms of work confounded earlier attempts to define 'unemployment' and are again unsettling our contemporary understandings of joblessness.

This thought-provoking book shows that the category of 'unemployment', rather than being a taken-for-granted economic variable, has its own history, and that history is intimately related to our changing understandings of 'employment'.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Anthony O'Donnell is Senior Lecturer in Law at La Trobe University, Melbourne.

More info here


BOOK: Catharine Pierce WELLS, Oliver Wendell Holmes : A Willing Servant to an Unknown God (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108475952, £ 75.00





Cambridge University Press is publishing a new book on Oliver Wendell Holmes.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Oliver Wendell Holmes was one of the most influential figures in American law. As a Supreme Court Justice, he wrote foundational opinions about such important constitutional issues as freedom of speech and the limits of state regulatory power. As a scholar and Massachusetts High Court judge, he helped to reshape the common law for the modern industrial era. And yet, despite the many accounts of his career, Holmes himself remains an enigma. This book is the first to explore the nineteenth-century New England influences so crucial to the formation of his character. Inspired by Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalism, Holmes belonged to a group of men who formulated a philosophy known as American pragmatism that stood as an alternative to English empiricism and German rationalism. This innovative study places Holmes within the transcendentalist, pragmatist tradition and thereby unlocks his unique identity and contribution to American law. Wells' nuanced analysis will appeal to legal scholars, historians, philosophers, and general readers alike.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Catharine Pierce WellsBoston College, Massachusetts

Catharine Pierce Wells is Professor of Law at the Law School of Boston College, Massachusetts. Wells has published more than thirty articles, with a focus in the fields of tort law and American jurisprudence.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Part I. The Soldier's Faith: Prologue: Memorial Day, 1884
1. Our comfortable routine
2. War is horrible and dull
3. The great chorus of life and joy begins again
4. For the Puritan still lives in New England, Thank God!
Part II. The Journey to the Pole: Commencement speech: Brown University, 1897
5. A black and frozen night
6. The loneliness of original work
7. The master of himself
Epilogue: the consummation.

More information here

BOOK: Katherine D. WATSON, Medicine and Justice Medico-Legal Practice in England and Wales, 1700–1914 (London: Routledge, 2020). ISBN 9781472454126, £96.00


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing a book at the intersection of the history of law and crime with medical history in England and Wales between 1700-1914.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This monograph makes a major new contribution to the historiography of criminal justice in England and Wales by focusing on the intersection of the history of law and crime with medical history. It does this through the lens provided by one group of historical actors, medical professionals who gave evidence in criminal proceedings. They are the means of illuminating the developing methods and personnel associated with investigating and prosecuting crime in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when two linchpins of modern society, centralised policing and the adversarial criminal trial, emerged and matured. The book is devoted to two central questions: what did medical practitioners contribute to the investigation of serious violent crime in the period 1700 to 1914, and what impact did this have on the process of criminal justice? Drawing on the details of 2,600 cases of infanticide, murder and rape which occurred in central England, Wales and London, the book offers a comparative long-term perspective on medico-legal practice — that is, what doctors actually did when they were faced with a body that had become the object of a criminal investigation. It argues that medico-legal work developed in tandem with and was shaped by the needs of two evolving processes: pre-trial investigative procedures dominated successively by coroners, magistrates and the police; and criminal trials in which lawyers moved from the periphery to the centre of courtroom proceedings. In bringing together for the first time four groups of specialists — doctors, coroners, lawyers and police officers — this study offers a new interpretation of the processes that shaped the modern criminal justice system.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Katherine D. Watson is a Reader in History at Oxford Brookes University and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. Her research interests focus on areas where medicine, crime and the law intersect, including the history of infanticide and crimes against children, forensic medicine and science, and an unusual form of assault known as vitriol throwing. She is the author of Poisoned Lives: English Poisoners and their Victims (2004) and Forensic Medicine in Western Society: A History (2011).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction: The Medico-Legal Landscape; 2. Medical Education and Forensic Medicine; 3. Locating Patterns of Medico-Legal Provision; 4. Infant Murder in Medico-Legal Practice; 5. Crime (Scene) Investigation: Expertise in Action; 6. Conclusion: Medicine and Justice

More info here

BOOK: Antonio GASPARETTO JUNIOR, Atmósfera de Plomo. Las Declaraciones de Estado de Sitio En La Primera República Brasileña (Valencia: Tirant Editorial, 2019). ISBN 9788413134932, EUR 32,21


(Source: Tirant Editorial)

Tirant Editorial has published a new book on the first Brasilian Republic (1889-1930).

ABOUT THE BOOK

Antonio Gasparetto Junior estudió la inclusión del Estado de Sitio en la Constitución de 1891. Esta figura constitucional significó un suceso trascendental en Brasil, ya que fue utilizada 44 veces y permaneció vigente en un 20% de los 39 años que duro la Primera República (1889-1891). El libro discute su implementación en la ley brasileña y nos explica los usos y abusos del Estado de Sitio de Deodoro da Fonseca hasta Washington Luis. A partir de un abordaje institucional, Gasparetto explora una variedad de cuestiones más exhaustivas, como la circulación transnacional de modelos jurídicos o el autoritarismo de la Primera República. La Constitución de Brasil, de tendencia estadounidense, estuvo regulada con rasgos de centralismo y autoritarismo francés. El Estado de Sitio, justificado originalmente en caso de invasión extranjera, fue tergiversado y usado en la conservación del orden social interno. A lo largo de la República, el Estado de Sitio sirvió como herramienta para reforzar el poder federal, como también para eliminar a los indeseables de las calles de la Capital Federal y descartar a los adversarios políticos. Según Gasparetto, el Estado de Sitio fue responsable de la muerte de cerca de 15.000 personas, entre los más vulnerables de la población urbana, y por el destierro de tantas otras. Esto demuestra, sin duda, que se trata de una investigación importante para este periodo crucial de la construcción republicana y de la cultura política y jurídica de Brasil. Armelle Enders Profesora Titular de Historia Contemporánea de la Université Paris-8-Vincennes-Saint-Denis / Institut d?Histoire du Temps Présent.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Índice
Agradecimientos        9
Prólogo        11
Cláudia Maria Ribeiro Viscardi
Introducción        15
Capítulo 1
UNA INSTITUCIÓN FUNESTA: LA CREACIÓN JURÍDICA FRANCESA
1.1.    Raíces de la excepción en la historia        24
1.2.    La creación francesa del Estado de Sitio constitucional        28
1.2.1.    La Noción Militar del Estado de Sitio en el Período Revolucionario        28
1.2.2.    La Consolidación de la Noción Política del Estado de Sitio        43
1.3.    Una síntesis del Estado de Sitio en Francia        58
1.3.1.    Usos y Abusos del Estado de Sitio en Francia        63
Capítulo 2
LA CONSTITUCIÓN BRASILEÑA DE 1891 Y EL ESTADO DE SITIO
2.1.    Raíces del Estado de Sitio en la Constitución de 1824        72
2.2.    La comisión de los cinco y los proyectos de Constitución        75
2.3.    Rui Barbosa y la revisión del proyecto de Constitución        79
2.4.    Definiciones de la Constitución de 1891 en torno del Estado de Sitio        83
2.5.    Diálogos con la legislación extranjera        97
2.5.1.    La Constitución Argentina y el Estado de Sitio        112
2.5.2.    La Constitución de los Estados Unidos        119
2.6.    Intentos de reglamentación del Sitio en la Primera República        121
Capítulo 3
EL CHORO DE LOS EXCLUIDOS
3.1.    La “cosecha de la tormenta”        144
3.2.    La lástima de deodoristas y monarquistas        151
3.2.1.    Los tres largos días de sitio en 1892        152
3.2.2.    El Estado de Sitio de septiembre de 1893        165
3.3.    El llanto descontrolado de los Jacobinos        177
3.3.1.    El ataque que llevó al Estado de Sitio        181
3.3.2.    Las disputas en torno del Estado de Sitio        187
3.4.    El pesar golpista        192
3.4.1.    El Estado de Sitio contra el Levante        196
3.4.2.    La nueva cara de los destierros        198
3.4.3.    Amnistía para unos, condenación para otros        201
Capítulo 4
ENTRE EL CHORO Y EL GRITO, EL LAMENTO
4.1.    Amargura y salvación        207
4.1.1.    El Estado de Sitio contra los marineros        211
4.1.2.    El Estado de Sitio en la política de las salvaciones        220
4.2.    Guerra y aflicción        234
4.2.1.    Un Sitio inédito: la agresión extranjera        237
Capítulo 5
EL GRITO DE LOS EMERGENTES
5.1.    El levantar de las voces y de los tenientes        244
5.1.1.    El primer Estado de Sitio contra los emergentes        248
5.1.2.    Una nueva fase de represión        251
5.2.    Los ecos de los gritos tenentistas        257
5.2.1.    El quadrienio nefasto        260
5.2.2.    La represión del Calamitoso        267
5.2.3.    El fin de la vida en el comienzo de Brasil        272
5.2.4.    La resistencia al Estado de Sitio        276
5.3.    El grito final de los aliancistas        279
Conclusiones        289
Adjuntos        305
Fuentes Primarias        321
Referencias Bibliográficas        331

More info here

CALL FOR PAPERS: First Student Conference on Legal History Iustoria 2020 (Belgrade, 25-26 March 2020) (DEADLINE: 15 January 2020)



We learned that the University of Belgrade Faculty of Law is receiving paper proposal for its first student conference on legal history. Here the call:

The University of Belgrade Faculty of Law is now receiving paper proposals for the First student conference on legal history – the Iustoria 2020, to be held on the 25th and 26th of March, 2020, its topic being “Law Codes and Women”.

The choice of this subject stems from an anniversary – this year marks the 175th anniversary of the Serbian Civil Code (1844), and one of the most heavily debated issues during its creation was precisely the regulation of the position of women: a woman’s right to inherit, her role in the family, the legal capacity of a married woman… Without a doubt, dilemmas such as these were present in the minds of other creators of civil codes pertaining to the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century – however, this is but a small portion of the issues that fall under the realm of this conference. What was the status of women as perpetrators – or victims – of crimes in criminal codes? What was the procedural status of women as parties in lawsuits or as witnesses? Did commercial codes contain special rules for women merchants? When we move further into the past, the very presence of norms that are concerned with the status of women in the legal codes of the Antiquity and the Middle Ages tells us a lot about their position in society, and many laws contain specific and original institutions that deserve scholarly attention. In recent history we could divert our attention to women as lawmakers, and analyse their influence on modern codes of law. We are looking forward to proposals related to these and many other issues pertaining to the main subject!

All students of graduate and post-graduate studies pertaining to law or other humanities are eligible to apply for the conference. The applications should contain basic personal information (name and surname, faculty, department, level and year of study), along with an abstract containing anywhere between 500 and 1000 words.

The applications should be e-mailed to iustoria@ius.bg.ac.rs before the 15th of January, 2020. The students will be informed by the 25th of January whether or not their application has been accepted. A provisional programme for the conference will be announced by the 1st of February. Drafts of the chosen papers need to be sent by the 15th of March. For any additional information you may enquire at the same e-mail address, or consult the official Facebook page of the conference – https://www.facebook.com/iustoria

Apart from the presentations given by their colleagues, the students at the conference will have an opportunity to attend several lectures given by renowned experts – more details on this will be available in the final version of the programme.

As a general rule, the participants who do not reside in Belgrade are expected to cover the travelling and accomodation expenses by themselves. Exceptionally, there is a possibility of securing accomodations either at the student dorms or with student host families for those students who are unable to finance their stay at Belgrade. These arrangements will depend on the number of available spots.

The final versions of the papers presented at the conference, with final changes and corrections submitted within a reasonable time after the conference, will be published in the first issue of the future student journal for legal history!

More info here

BOOK: Peter Maxwell STUART, Steve MURDOCH & Leos MÜLLER (eds.), Unimpeded Sailing. A Critical Edition of Johann Gröning's Navigatio Libera (extended 1698 edition) [Brill Studies in Maritime History; 6] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2019), ISBN 978-90-04-35269-8, 162 p. € 95


Book abstract:
The original Latin text of Johann Gröning’s Navigatio libera has never before been translated into any modern vernacular language. Gröning’s intention was to set out the position of neutral nations (in this case the Danes and Swedes), and their right to pursue trade during the wars of the great maritime powers (particularly the English and the Dutch). It specifically sought to engage with and refute the work of Hugo Grotius while taking cognisance of the critique of Gröning’s work by Samuel Pufendorf. The text serves as a bridge between 17th-century polemical discourse surrounding the ‘free sea’ versus ‘enclosed sea’ debate and later 18th-century legal literature on the rights of neutrals and the continuation of free trade in time of war.

On the editors:
Peter Maxwell-Stuart, Ph.D. (1994) is Reader in History at the University of St Andrews. He is widely published in the fields of Greek and Latin literature and history, and in the occult sciences of Mediaeval and early modern Europe. He is about to publish a translation of Gomez Pereira’s scientific treatise, Antoniana Margarita, and Martin Delrio’s chef d’oeuvre, Disquisitiones Magicae. Steve Murdoch, Ph.D. (1998) is Professor of History at the University of St Andrews. His major monographs include; Network North: Scottish Kin, Cultural and Covert Associations in Northern Europe, 1603-1746 (Brill, 2006) and most recently with Alexia Grosjean, Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648 (Pickering & Chatto, 2014). Among maritime scholars he is best known for his award winning monograph The Terror of the Seas? Scottish Maritime Warfare, 1513-1713 (Brill, 2010). Leos Müller, Ph.D. (1998), is Professor of History and Director of the Centre for Maritime Studies, Stockholm University. He has published on Swedish early-modern and maritime history, e.g. Consuls, Corsairs and Commerce. The Swedish Consular Service and Long-Distance Shipping, 1720–1815 (Uppsala University, 2004), together with Stefan Eklöf Amirell, and Persistent Piracy. Maritime Violence and State-formation in Global Historical Perspective, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

11 December 2019

JOURNAL: Giornale di Storia Costituzionale - Journal of Constitutional History 38 (2019): Costituzione e mutamento. Crisi delle istituzioni rappresentative e nuove sfide della democrazia / Constitution and Change. Crisis of representative Institutions and new Challenges of Democracy




Giornale di
Storia
costituzionale
n. 38 / II semestre 2019




Costituzione e mutamento. Crisi delle istituzioni
rappresentative e nuove sfide della democrazia
Constitution and Change. Crisis of representative Institutions
and new Challenges of Democracy



 (image source: storiacostituzionale.it)



eum > edizioni università di macerata







Sommario /
Contents
giornale di storia costituzionale n. 38 / II semestre 2019
journal of constitutional history n. 38 / II semester 2019








   Costituzione e mutamento. Crisi delle istituzioni rappresentative e nuove sfide della democrazia / Constitution and Change. Crisis of representative Institutions and new Challenges of Democracy
5 Introduzione / Introduction
marco fioravanti
Lezioni
13 What to Celebrate? The Place of the Weimar Constitution within the History of Modern Constitutionalism / Cosa celebrare? Il posto della Costituzione di Weimar nella storia del costituzionalismo moderno
horst dippel
Itinerari
27 Democrazia e conflitti / Democracy and Conflicts
pietro costa
39 Les Droits de la nature et la personnalité juridique des entités naturelles en Nouvelle-Zélande: un commun qui s’ignore? / Rights of Nature and Legal Personality of Natural Entities in New Zeland: Making a Commons?
pierre brunet
55 Fragilità della Costituzione e nichilismo giuridico / The Fragility of Constitution and Legal Nihilism
massimo vogliotti
79 How to defend the democratic principle when elections and parchment barriers fail. A realistic approach to constitutional democracy / Come difendere il principio democratico quando le elezioni e i limiti al potere falliscono: un approccio realista alla democrazia costituzionale 
matteo laruffa
93 Rappresentanza e responsabilità. Il controllo democratico nell’epoca del risentimento / Political Representation and Responsibility: Democratic Control in the Age of Distrust
marco fioravanti



103 L’introduction du tirage au sort dans les démocraties représentatives / The introduction of sortition in representative democracies
arnaud le pillouer
121 La Cina e la storia globale del diritto internazionale / The History of International Law in China from a Chinese perspective
maria adele carrai
135 d’Annunzio, la Carta del Carnaro e la crisi dello Stato liberale, tra rappresentanza e antiparlamentarismo / d’Annunzio, the Charter of Carnaro, and the crisis of the liberal State, between representation and anti-parliamentarianism
davide rossi
Ricerche
151 Jovellanos y el constitucionalismo de la ilustración española / Jovellanos and the Spanish Enligthenment Constitutionalism
ignacio fernández sarasola
173 La Realpolitik del populismo moderno: potere e consenso in Ludwig von Rochau / The Realpolitik of modern populism: Ludwig von Rochau’s view on power and consensus
ronald car
187 Dei tanti e diversi confini dell’amministrazione coloniale / Borders and boundaries in Italy’s colonial administration
chiara giorgi
Librido
Primo piano / In the foreground
201 Francesco Guarino legge / reads Patrick
O’Meara, The Russian Nobility in The Age of Alexander I
205 Ventidue proposte di lettura / Twenty-two reading proposals
229 Autori / Authors
231 Abstracts





BOOK: Maud HARIVEL: Les Élections politiques dans la République de Venise (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle). Entre justice distributive et corruption (Paris: Les Indes Savantes, 2019), 374 p. ISBN 978-2-84654-526-6, € 33

Venise – c’est la longévité de cette République sans conflit apparent qui lui valut son sobriquet : la Sérénissime. À en croire le mythe vénitien, cette incroyable longévité sereine serait le fruit d’une minutieuse horlogerie électorale alliant techniques aristocratique et démocratique pour élire – d’après la liturgie républicaine – le meilleur, le plus loyal et le plus capable des patriciens. Le pouvoir, conçu comme un bien commun à partager entre tous les membres de la noblesse, doit être réparti entre tous, selon le principe de la justice distributive.

(Source/bron: Univ-droit.fr)

La procédure électorale était censée être incorruptible et favoriser l’élection du meilleur sans prendre en compte les intérêts familiaux, amicaux ou clientélaires. Mais à quoi bon la sophistiquer à l’extrême dans une communauté où le vote individuel n’existe pas ?

En parallèle à la cérémonie électorale, s’en déroulait une autre à l’ombre des colonnes de la « piazza del broglio », l’actuelle « piazzetta de Saint-Marc ». Les patriciens avaient l’habitude de s’y réunir, de solliciter les votes de leurs concitoyens posant leur étole habituellement tenue sur l’épaule, sur l’avant-bras dans un geste d’humilité.

Le « broglio » est ainsi cet espace de manœuvre informel qui permit aux patriciens de concilier les intérêts de la famille et des amis avec ceux de la République. Si le « broglio » était certes inévitable, tout n’était pas permis, certaines pratiques étaient tolérées plus que d’autres.

La nécessité de la sphère informelle du « broglio » apparaît incontournable, permettant aux patriciens d’exprimer leurs ambitions politiques et aux électeurs de connaître les candidats potentiels aux charges. Loin de faire concurrence aux élections, le « broglio » les complète.

(source: Standen en Landen Blog)

BOOK: Nurit TSAFRIR, Collective Liability in Islam The ‘Aqila and Blood Money Payments (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108498647, $ 99.99


(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press is publishing a new book on the Aqila in the history of Islamic law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Offering the first close study of the ʿAqila, a group collectively liable for blood money payments on behalf of a member who committed an accidental homicide, Nurit Tsafrir analyses the group's transformation from a pre-Islamic custom to an institution of the Shari'a, and its further evolution through medieval and post medieval Islamic law and society. Having been an essential factor in the maintenance of social order within Muslim societies, the ʿAqila is the intersection between legal theory and practice, between Islamic law and religion, and between Islamic law and the state. Tracing the history of the ʿAqila, this study reveals how religious values, state considerations and social organization have participated in shaping and reshaping this central institution, which still concerns contemporary Muslim scholars.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Nurit TsafrirTel-Aviv University

Nurit Tsafrir is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Middle Eastern and African History at Tel-Aviv University. She was previously a member of the Israel Institution for Advanced Studies in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton University, New Jersey. A specialist in medieval Islam focusing on the Hanafi school of law, she is the author of The History of an Islamic School of Law: The Early Spread of Hanafism (2004).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I. The Contribution of Islamic Values:
1. The modern perspective and the Islamic perspective, and their application to the law of homicide
2. Major modifications of the Islamic law of homicide
3. The 'Āqila's liability for homicide restricted, and justified
Part II. The Contribution of the State Administration:
4. The Dīwān innovation in Umayyad practice
5. From Umayyad practice to Ḥanafī law
6. The Dīwān innovation in Ḥanafī law
Part III. The Contribution of the Persians:
7. The Eastern Iranian Ḥanafī views on the 'Āqila: a presentation
8. The Eastern Iranian Ḥanafī views: the general context
9. The Eastern Iranian Ḥanafī views on the 'Āqila: an examination
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index.

More info here

OPEN ACCESS: Digitization of the Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française (BnF)

(image source: Gallica (BnF))

The BnF announced the full digitization of the Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française (1694).

Read the two volumes here.

BOOK: M. Safa SARACOGLU, Nineteenth Century Local Governance in Ottoman Bulgaria : Politics in Provincial Councils (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781474431002, $29.95


(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press recently published a book on local governance in Ottoman Bulgaria.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book provides a detailed exploration of the way in which administrative and judicial offices and practices provided an essential space for politics in 19th-century Bulgaria, securing local inhabitants' participation with Ottoman imperial governance. Combining a wealth of primary documents in both Bulgarian and Ottoman Turkish, this is the first systematic and comprehensive study of the connection between imperially-designed institutions and local politics.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

M. Safa Saracoglu is a Professor of History at Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania. He is co-editor (with Kent F. Schull) of Law and Legality in the Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey (2016).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Abbreviations
Preface

1 - INTRODUCTION
The Argument
Vidin
Structure of The Book

2 - CONTEXTUALIZING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
The Tanzimat Era: Marking a Crisis and a Transition
Means of Production and Ottoman Social Formation
From Tax Farmers to Tax Collectors
The Liberal-Capitalist Ottoman Social Formation
Governance, Official Print and Information Flow
Conclusion

3 - SITTING TOGETHER: LOCAL COUNCILS AND THE POLITICS OF ELECTION IN THE COUNTY OF VIDIN
The Many Parts of the Imperial Dominions: The County as an Administrative Unit
The 1871 Regulation: The County as a Reflection of the Province
Councils: Inevitable Dynamism?
Councils: Conveying or Constituting Reality?
Of Permanency and Change: the Politics of Election
Conclusion

4 - ONCE INSIDE THE CHAMBER... : PARTICIPATION IN THE POLITICS OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATION
Seals: Images of Participation?
The Rationale for the Seals
The Frequency and Synchronicity
Right side up?
Yearbooks: Reflections of the Judicio-Administrative Sphere.
Conclusion: A Better Vision of the System?

5 - WRITING POLITICS: OTTOMAN GOVERNMENTALITY AND THE LANGUAGE OF REPORTS
'Several Times He had been Given Well-Intended Reminders': A case of Local Antagonism
Land and Power in Berkofça
Ottoman Governmentality
Utilizing Ottoman Governance
Staying Out: Challenging Ottoman Governmentality
Conclusion

6 - 'CATTLE THIEVES': REFUGEE SETTLEMENT, OTTOMAN GOVERNMENTALITY AND BIOPOLITICS
The Numbers
Cattle as Liquidity
'Security, Territory, Population' in Vidin
From Refugees to Cattle Thieves
Conclusion

7 - CONCLUSION
Survival of Lower-Tier Elites
Crisis and Means of Production
Connected Offices
Contentious Dynamics
Conniving Narratives
Politics of Liberalism

Select Bibliography
Archives
Encyclopaedias and Dictionaries
Official publications
Secondary Sources

More info here

10 December 2019

CALL FOR PAPERS: Liability and Responsibility in Legal History XXVIth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians Istanbul, 10 – 13 June 2020


(image source: AYLH) 

Our next gathering aims to investigate liability and responsibility through legal history. Such topic necessitates a multidisciplinary approach as legal liability concerns both civil law and criminal law and can arise from various areas of law, such as contracts, torts, taxes, or fines given by government agencies. Instead legal responsibility concerns legal obligation; a measure of mental capacity, used in deciding the extent to which a person can be held accountable for a crime (such as diminished responsibility); specific duties imposed upon persons to care or provide for others, such as the parents duty to the child or the guardianship of a ward; and a person’s role in causing an event to happen. That is to say, a chain of causation means an individual is responsible for an event. This is actually part of the law of legal liability and public liability.

By analyzing these topics through a historical point of view, we can understand how the development happened and at the end we might answer the question of “why did it happen”. For instance, the general principle in Roman legal thought was that there should be no liability for others: Gaius writes that "our condition can be made better but not worse through our slaves"; a fortiori, it could not be made worse by those who were not members of the family.

Further, in legal history, it is important to understand the interactions between these two terms (liability and responsibility) and their differences. Both terms might be interlinked but as to their consequences and their application there appear a difference.

We believe that the conference gives young legal historians a unique opportunity to present their research in the field and to get acquainted with the interdisciplinary approaches presented by their colleagues from around the world.

If you would like to present a paper during the conference, please send an application including an
abstract of not more than 250 words and your CV to aylh2020istanbul@gmail.com before 21st of February 2020. Presentations have to be in English and should not exceed 20 minutes each. Presentation in Turkish language will be allowed together with simultaneous translator. The conference fee will be € 100, - and does not include travel and accommodation.

After 21st of February accepted papers will be informed and will be contacted further to complete the registration by paying the conference fee. Registration link could be found in our web-site.

Please note that registration is limited to a number of people. Therefore, early registration is strongly recommended!

We look forward to welcoming you to Istanbul.

Dr. Sinem Ogis on behalf of the Organizing Committee.