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22 January 2021

JOURNAL: Law and History Review (Vol. 38, Issue 4)

 

(Source: CUP)

The Law and History Review has recently published its latest issue for 2020. Here the table of contents:

Articles

The Limits of the Law in Claiming Rights to Land in a Settler Colony: South Australia in the Early-to-Mid Nineteenth Century

Bain Attwood 631

“The Citizen Complains”: Federal Compensation for Property Lost in the War of 1812

Craig B. Hollander 659

The Strange Career of Gross Indecency: Race, Sex, and Law in Colonial Singapore

J. Y. Chua 699

Speaking the Unspeakable: Buggery, Law, and Community Surveillance in New South Wales, 1788–1838

Luke Taylor 737

“The Work of Some Irresponsible Women”: Jurors, Ghosts, and Embracery in the Irish Free State

Mark Coen 777

Trial without Jury in Guam, USA

Katherine Unterman 811

“South Africa is the Mississippi of the world”: Anti-Apartheid Activism through Domestic Civil Rights Law

Joanna L. Grisinger 843

Racializing Mercy: Capital Punishment and Race in TwentiethCentury England and Wales

Lizzie Seal and Alexa Neale 883

Book Reviews

The Profession of Ecclesiastical Lawyers—Richard H. Helmholz

reviewed by Sarah B. White 911

Law and the Imagination in Medieval Wales—Robin Chapman Stacey

reviewed by Gwen Seabourne 913

Juries in Ireland: Laypersons and Law in the Long Nineteenth Century—Niamh Howlin

reviewed by The Hon. Mr. Justice John MacMenamin 914

Frontiers of Citizenship: A Black and Indigenous History of Postcolonial Brazil—Yuko Miki

reviewed by Jean Hébrard 917

Afghanistan Rising: Islamic Law and Statecraft between the Ottoman and British Empires—Faiz Ahmed

reviewed by Amir A. Toft 919

Liberalism as Utopia: The Rise and Fall of Legal Rule in Post-Colonial Mexico, 1820-1900—Timo Schaefer

reviewed by Reuben Zahler 922

Copyrighting God: Ownership of the Sacred in American Religion—Andrew Ventimiglia

reviewed by Robert Spoo 924

La historia de los derrotados: americanización y romanticismo en Puerto Rico, 1898–1917—Rubén Nazario Velasco

reviewed by Sam Erman 926

One Hundred Years of Struggle: The History of Women and the Vote in Canada—Joan Sangster

reviewed by Lyndsay Campbell 928

 

More information here

BOOK: John BAKER, English Law Under Two Elizabeths - The Late Tudor Legal World and the Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021). ISBN 9781108947329, 22.99 GBP

 

(Source: CUP)

CUP is publishing a comparative legal history of English Law under the two Elizabeths.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Comparative legal history is generally understood to involve the comparison of legal systems in different countries. This is an experiment in a different kind of comparison. The legal world of the first Elizabethans is separated from that of today by nearly half a millennium. But the past is not a wholly different country. The common law is still, in an organic sense, the same common law as it was in Tudor times and Parliament is legally the same Parliament. The concerns of Tudor lawyers turn out to resonate with those of the present and this book concentrates on three of them: access to justice, in terms of both cost and public awareness; the respective roles of common law and legislation; and the means of protecting the rule of law through the courts. Central to the story is the development of judicial review in the time of Elizabeth I.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Sir John Baker, University of Cambridge

Sir John Baker is Emeritus Downing Professor of the Laws of England, University of Cambridge. His recent publications include the 5th edition of his An Introduction to English Legal History (2019), The Reinvention of Magna Carta 1216–1616 (Cambridge, 2017) and Collected Papers on English Legal History (Cambridge, 2013).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. The English Legal System under Elizabeth I

2. The Elizabethan Common Law

3. An Age of Common Law and an Age of Statute?

4. The Elizabethan Inheritance

5. Comparing Then and Now.

 

More info here

BOOK: Fernando LIENDO TAGLE, Prensa jurídica española. Avance de un repertorio (1834-1936), [Historia del Derecho, 89] (Madrid: Dykinson/Universidad Carlos III de Madrid), ISBN: 978-84-1377-212-7, OPEN ACCESS

 


The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid has published “Prensa jurídica española. Avance de un repertorio (1834-1936)” in open access.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Se presenta un avance de repertorio de las revistas jurídicas editadas en España entre 1834 y 1936. Contiene un catálogo de 137 títulos diferentes, acompañados de un índice cronológico, alfabético y de lugares de edición de los títulos, así como un índice onomástico de los directores de las revistas. En general, el texto resume lo que cuatro generaciones de juristas españoles quisieron hacer en cuanto a publicaciones periódicas se refiere

 

More info here

BOOK: Jacques BOUINEAU (Ed.), Les aspects politico-juridiques de la domination. De l'époque moderne à l'époque contemporaine (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2020). ISBN: 978-2-343-21503-7, pp. 258, € 26

(Source: L'Harmattan)

 ABOUT THE BOOK

Collection : Méditerranées

Quels sont les aspects politiques et juridiques de la domination ? Ce volume traite de l'Antiquité et du Moyen Âge. Il regroupe les textes issus de conférences prononcées dans le cadre du CEIR (Centre d'Études Internationales sur la Romanité) durant l'année 2019-2020 ou de communications présentées lors du colloque 2019 de « Méditerranées ». Des phénomènes d'évidence font sauter aux yeux la domination, tandis qu'existent aussi des zones de demi-teintes dans lesquelles la domination possède le double profil de Janus.

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Agrégé des facultés de droit et docteur en histoire médiévale, Jacques Bouineau a été successivement professeur aux universités de Poitiers, Paris X Nanterre, et La Rochelle. Il est également président de l'association Méditerranées, de l'association Antiquité-Avenir. Réseau des associations liées à l'Antiquité, directeur du CEIR et professeur d'histoire du droit.

Ont contribué à ce volume Jacques Bouineau, Jean-Marie Demaldent, François Ost, Paolo Alvazzi Del Frate, Philippe Sturmel, Alexandre Viala, Dominique Hocquellet, Erik Neveu, Olivier et Éric Debat, Ahmed Djelida.


More information with the publisher.

21 January 2021

BOOK: Fabrizio MARINELLI, Cultura giuridica e identità europea (Torino: Giappichelli Editore, 2020). ISBN: 9788892135710, pp. 320, € 40,00

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Fabrizio Marinelli è professore ordinario di diritto privato nell’Università dell’Aquila, dove insegna anche la storia del diritto moderno. Si è occupato soprattutto di codici (La cultura del Code civil. Un profilo storico, Padova, 2004; Gli itinerari del codice civile, 3° ed., Milano, 2008), di proprietà collettive (Gli usi civici, 2° ed., Milano, 2013; Un’altra proprietà. Usi civici, assetti fondiari collettivi, beni comuni, 2° ed., Pisa, 2018; Lezioni sulla proprietà collettiva (a cura di), Pisa, 2020), di storiografia giuridica (Scienza e storia del diritto civile, Roma-Bari, 2009, con prefazione di Paolo Grossi), di diritto e letteratura (Il diritto altrove, Pisa, 2019). Per i nostri tipi Dimensioni del contratto (a cura di), Torino, 2019 e Diritto privato dell’economia, 4° ed., Torino, 2020.


More information with the publisher.

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Military Justice Forum (Paris, 18-19 November 2021) (DEADLINE: 15 April 2021)

We received news of a call for papers for the first international military justice forum, which also considers papers on the History of Military Justice and Comparative Military Justice.

International Military Justice Forum

Military justice as it is, as it was, as it was compared and as it could be.

Paris, Cour de Cassation, November 18 and 19, 2021

Argument. The International Military Justice Forum (IMJF) is a place of debate, meeting and exchange that proposes to explore a variety of military justice issues. Its first objective is to highlight the diversity of military justice systems, to expose their salient features, to explore their history and to underline their actual evolution. In a comparative way, the IMJF also aims to emphasize links and similarities that may have existed - or still exist - between national military laws, which may be consequences of circulations of legal models, codes, doctrines and people or the existence geopolitical influences. This scientific event must finally allow us to imagine together what the future of military law could be, as our armed forces are transformed by new technologies. Its originality is to mix disciplines. History, law, ethics, philosophy and new technologies will be at the heart of our debates and discussions. The IMJF, which is a continuation of the work carried out by lawyers at the Research Centre of the French Military Academy Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan (CREC) from 2010, was created to bring together academics, professionals, armed forces officers, engineers and all those who share an interest for this exciting discipline. The CREC, in collaboration with the Parquet Général of the French Cour de Cassation, will host the first edition of the International Military Justice Forum in Paris on November 18 and 19, 2021.

Objectives: • To highlight contemporary military justice systems and to compare them (Military Justice as it is). This first part should be used to deepen knowledge on military justice systems that exist in the world and to identify points of comparison. Many issues are to be considered: What are the legal foundations of military justice? What is military courts’ jurisdiction? How are courts organized? How are they hierarchized? How do they work? Are they special and different from the civilian courts? Are they civilian specialized courts? Or are they organized in a mixed way? Who is the judge? What is the procedure? What are the offences? What are the penalties? What is the officer's role in military justice? All these questions could also be used to provide a critical look at a national military justice system, in terms of structure or training: how to improve military justice? • To recount the history of military justice in the world (Military Justice as it was).

This second part aims to highlight the main historical developments of military justice, from Antiquity to the contemporary period: 1/ The evolution of the sources of military justice: Military justice systems are known to have been largely built by major legislations. As, among others, the first Articles of War in England (1385), the Mandement de Montdidier (1347) and legislations of 1796 in France or the Swedish code of 1621. At the origins of these founding texts, famous legislators have left their mark on the history of military justice. However, the latter has also developed in practice, thanks to courts decisions and to political debates. In other words, what have been sources of military justice? Who are those who contributed to its history? 2/ The institutional aspect: Gradually, military justice has been structured and institutionalized, before being integrated into State administration. How has military justice been transformed in the context of the construction of states and the establishment of permanent and professional armies? This question implies others: how did new bodies of specialized lawyers appear? Broadly speaking, what have been the major structural and institutional transformations of military justice? 3/ The theoretical foundations of military justice: Christianity, Humanism or Enlightenment, for example, may have influenced development and evolution of military justice (Belli, Ayala, Grotius, Vettel, etc.). The French revolutionaries were also not insensitive to the fate of the soldier before a court. Who are the main authors and intellectuals who used their pen to call for reform? What were their arguments? Have they been influential? 4 / Military justice in its military context: Establishing a modern system of military justice is one thing. Being able to make it work properly is another. Has military justice always been effective in times of war and especially in times of debacle or defeat? 5/ Military justice in practice: The history of military justice is also that of trials and cases. Some are famous, others have been forgotten. Some have made military justice grow, others have turned public opinion against it. What are great military affairs in history? Which less well-known ones deserve to be known better?  

The circulation of military justice models in the world (Military Justice as it was compared) Comparative studies can answer two sets of questions. 1/ Why compare national military law? It seems that many authors, lawyer or not, military or not, have compared in the past and still compare military national laws or military justice systems today. And there is a variety of reasons: criticizing a system, promoting or rejecting reform, categorizing or classifying laws or procedures, or simply exposing diversity. It also seems that several national military laws have been models used to build other national legal systems. The aim is to look at the circulation of military law models around the world, and to expose methods and motives of legal comparison. 2/ Are there "families" of military law? French comparatist René David identified several "families" of legal systems in the world (Common Law, Civil Law, Religious Law, etc.)? But could it be possible to identify families of military laws? In other words, have colonization, international treaties of all kinds (e.g. NATO), intergovernmental organizations (Ex: Commonwealth), political unions (Ex: USSR), political and economic associations (Ex: EU) or simply interstate cultural or diplomatic bounds, contributed to the emergence of "families" of military justice systems, whose members share common features and similarities?  

Imagine tomorrow’s military law and military justice (Military Justice as it it could be). Battlefield robotization, augmented soldier, artificial intelligence; technological developments present and to come and their use by armed forces will necessarily be controlled and regulated by law. Stakes are numerous: responsibility, consent, courts’ jurisdiction, etc. Which future for military law and military justice?

Papers will be given in English or in French (interpreters will translate from English to French and from French to English). Organization committee: Stéphane Baudens (CREC Saint-Cyr) Eric Gherardi (CREC Saint-Cyr) Gwenaël Guyon (CREC Saint-Cyr) Gérard de Boisboissel (CREC Saint-Cyr) Proposals for communication (400 words maximum), should be sent to the forum’s organizers, specifying in which section papers would be included: militaryjusticeforum@gmail.com The deadline to submit a proposal is April 15, 2021.

NEWS: Globalex – Researching League of Nations Documents

 

(Source: NYU)

GlobaLex has recently updated its research guide on conducting research on the League of Nations. The link can be found here

BOOK: Anke GILLEIR & Aude DEFURNE (eds.), Strategic Imaginations. Women and the Gender of Sovereignty in European Culture (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2021), OPEN ACCESS

 

(image source: Leuven University Press)

Abstract:

What is the gender of political power ? What happens to the history of sovereignty when we reconsider it from a gender perspective ? Political sovereignty has been a major theme in European thought from the very beginning of intellectual reflection on community. Philosophy and political theory, historiography, theology, and literature and the arts have, often in dialogue with one another, sought to represent or recalibrate notions of rule. Yet whatever covenant was imagined, sovereign rule has consistently been figured as a male prerogative While in-depth studies of historical women rulers have proliferated in the past decades, these have not systematically explored how all women rulers throughout the entirety of European culture have had to operate in a context that could not think power as female – except in grotesque terms. Strategic Imaginations demonstrates that this constitutive tension can only be brought out by studying women’s political rule in a comparative and longue durée manner. The book offers a collection of essays that brings together studies of female sovereignty from the Polish-Lithuanian to the British Commonwealth, and from the Middle Ages to the genesis of modern democracy. It addresses historical figures and takes stock of the rich yet unsettling imagination of female rule in philosophy, literature and art history. For all the variety of geographical, social, and historical contexts it engages, the book reveals surprising resonances between the strategies women rulers used and the images and practices they adopted in the context of an all-pervasive skepticism toward female rule.

Contributions: 

Marnix Beyen (Universiteit Antwerpen), Aude Defurne (KU Leuven), Ann-Kathrin Deininger (Universität Bonn), Maha El Hissy (Queen Mary, University of London), Anke Gilleir (KU Leuven), Ayaal Herdam (Université de Bordeaux), Josephine Hoegaerts (University of Helsinki), Elisabeth Krimmer (University of California, Davis), Jasmin Leuchtenberg (Universität Bonn), Joanna Marschner (Historic Royal Palaces London), Virginia McKendry (Royal Roads University), Jaroslaw Pietrzak (Pedagogical University Krakow), Maria Cristina Quintero (Bryn Mawr College), David J. Smallwood (Sciences Po Bordeaux), Beatrijs Vanacker (KU Leuven)

(download the book here

JOURNAL: Grotiana (Vol. 41, Issue 2)

 

(Source: Brill)

Brill has recently published the 2nd issue of Grotiana for 2020. Here the Table of Contents:

Grotius on the Use of Force: Perfect, Imperfect and Civil Wars. An Introduction

Author: Randall Lesaffer

Pages: 255–262

Perfect War: Alberico Gentili on the Use of Force and the Early Modern Law of Nations

Author: Valentina Vadi

Pages: 263–281

Hugo Grotius, Declaration of War, and the International Moral Order

Author: Camilla Boisen

Pages: 282–303

‘Remedium repraesaliarum’: The Medieval and Early Modern Practice and Theory of Reprisal within the Just War Doctrine

Author: Philippine Christina Van den Brande

Pages: 305–329

Grotius on Reprisal

Author: Randall Lesaffer

Pages: 330–348

Corporate Belligerency and the Delegation Theory from Grotius to Westlake

Author: Rotem Giladi

Pages: 349–370

Grotius and Late Medieval Ius Commune on Rebellion and Civil War

Author: Dante Fedele

Pages: 371–389

A Prodigy Child of the Dutch Revolt: Immediate ‘Precursors’ to Grotius on Just Revolt

Author: Raymond Kubben

Pages: 390–411

Hugo Grotius and the Classical Law of Civil War

Author: Ville Kari

Pages: 412–427

 

More info here

BOOK: Jacques BOUINEAU (Ed.), Les aspects politico-juridiques de la domination. De l'Antiquité au Moyen-Âge (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2020). ISBN: 978-2-343-21502-0, pp. 276, € 27,5

 
(Source: L'Harmattan)

ABOUT THE BOOK

Collection : Méditerranées

Quels sont les aspects politiques et juridiques de la domination ? Ce volume traite de l'Antiquité et du Moyen Âge. Il regroupe les textes issus de conférences prononcées dans le cadre du CEIR (Centre d'Études Internationales sur la Romanité) durant l'année 2019-2020 ou de communications présentées lors du colloque 2019 de « Méditerranées ». Des phénomènes d'évidence font sauter aux yeux la domination, tandis qu'existent aussi des zones de demi-teintes dans lesquelles la domination possède le double profil de Janus.

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Agrégé des facultés de droit et docteur en histoire médiévale, Jacques Bouineau a été successivement professeur aux universités de Poitiers, Paris X Nanterre, et La Rochelle. Il est également président de l'association Méditerranées, de l'association Antiquité-Avenir. Réseau des associations liées à l'Antiquité, directeur du CEIR et professeur d'histoire du droit.

Ont contribué à ce volume Raphaël Nicolle, Frédéric Payraudeau, Giovanni Lobrano, Emilia Ndiaye, Laurent Reverso, Nathalie Cros, Hadrien Chino, Lacen Oulhaj, Benoît Alix, Benjamin Galeran, Ivan Biliarsky.


More information with the publisher.

20 January 2021

BOOK: Rafael RAMIS BARCELÓ, El nacimiento de la Filosofía del derecho. De la Philosophia iuris a la Rechtsphilosophie [Historia del Derecho, 90] (Madrid: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021), ISBN 978-84-1377-286-8, OPEN ACCESS

(image: Christian Thomasius; source: Wikimedia Commons)


Abstract: 

This book, according to the method of Begriffsgeschichte, explains the history of the notion of “Philosophy of Law”. Starting from the distinction between the “simulata” and the “vera philosophia”, the historical development continues with the Renaissance notion of “philosophia legalis” and shows that, from 1650 to 1730, treatises and manuals entitled “philosophia iuris” began to proliferate in Lutheran regions. These works (from Chopius until Reftelius, through Thomasius) had never been systematically studied. Starting from the Three-Year Course of Bachelor of Arts and from the Chair of “Natural Law”, these professors looked for some first Principles of Law and wished to establish a conceptual basis for the pedagogical transition from the Faculty of Arts and Philosophy to the Faculty of Law. After a few decades in which the notion of “ius naturale et gentium” was definitively imposed (1730-1780), because of Kant’s Philosophy there was a violent reaction against the philosophical “excesses” of rationalist Natural Law. Then Hugo and others coined the notion of “Philosophie des positiven Rechts”, to which some philosophers like Hegel responded with their “Philosophie des Rechts” or “Rechtsphilosophie”. Through this historical study, some reflections on the current dichotomy between “Theory” and “Philosophy of Law” are made and, according to the historical analysis, some solutions are proposed
 Read the full book here.

BOOK: Stefan EKLÖF AMIRELL, Pirates of Empire. Colonisation and Maritime Violence in Southeast Asia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN: 9781108594516, £ 75.00

 

(Source: CUP)

ABOUT THE BOOK

The suppression of piracy and other forms of maritime violence was a keystone in the colonisation of Southeast Asia. Focusing on what was seen in the nineteenth century as the three most pirate-infested areas in the region - the Sulu Sea, the Strait of Malacca and Indochina - this comparative study in colonial history explores how piracy was defined, contested and used to resist or justify colonial expansion, particularly during the most intense phase of imperial expansion in Southeast Asia from c.1850 to c.1920. In doing so, it demonstrates that piratical activity continued to occur in many parts of Southeast Asia well beyond the mid-nineteenth century, when most existing studies of piracy in the region end their period of investigation. It also points to the changes over time in how piracy was conceptualised and dealt with by each of the major colonial powers in the region - Britain, France, the Netherlands, Spain and the United States. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Stefan Eklöf Amirell is Associate Professor in History at Linnaeus University, Sweden. He is also the President of the Swedish Historical Association and Sweden's delegate to the International Committee of Historical Sciences (ICHS/CISH). Among his previous works are Pirates in Paradise: A Modern History of Southeast Asia's Maritime Marauders (2006) and several articles on piracy in Southeast Asia.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Maps page vi
Preface vii
Acknowledgements ix
Introduction 1
1 Piracy in Global and Southeast Asian History 21
2 The Sulu Sea 42
3 The Strait of Malacca 96
4 Indochina 161
Conclusion 209
Epilogue: Piracy and the End of Empire 232
Bibliography 236
Index 257


More information with the publisher.

WEBINAR: Contro le epidemie - conferenza di Mario Ascheri - 25 gennaio 2021, Università degli Studi di Verona

 

19 January 2021

BOOK: Orazio CONDORELLI & Rafael DOMINGO (Eds.), Law and the Christian Tradition in Italy: The Legacy of the Great Jurists (New York: Routledge, 2020). ISBN: 978-0-367-85710-3, pp. 468,

 

(Source: Routledge)


ABOUT THE BOOK

Firmly rooted on Roman and canon law, Italian legal culture has had an impressive influence on the civil law tradition from the Middle Ages to present day, and it is rightly regarded as "the cradle of the European legal culture." Along with Justinian’s compilation, the US Constitution, and the French Civil Code, the Decretum of Master Gratian or the so-called Glossa ordinaria of Accursius are one of the few legal sources that have influenced the entire world for centuries. This volume explores a millennium-long story of law and religion in Italy through a series of twenty-six biographical chapters written by distinguished legal scholars and historians from Italy and around the world. The chapters range from the first Italian civilians and canonists, Irnerius and Gratian in the early twelfth century, to the leading architect of the Second Vatican Council, Pope Paul VI. Between these two bookends, this volume offers notable case studies of familiar civilians like Bartolo, Baldo, and Gentili and familiar canonists like Hostiensis, Panormitanus, and Gasparri but also a number of other jurists in the broadest sense who deserve much more attention especially outside of Italy. This diversity of international and methodological perspectives gives the volume its unique character. The book will be essential reading for academics working in the areas of Legal History, Law and Religion, and Constitutional Law and will appeal to scholars, lawyers, and students interested in the interplay between religion and law in the era of globalization.


ABOUT THE EDITORS

Orazio Condorelli is Professor of Ecclesiastical and Canon Law in the University of Catania, Italy.
Rafael Domingo is the Spruill Family Professor of Law and Religion at Emory University in Atlanta, USA, and Alvaro d’Ors Professor of Law at the University of Navarra, Spain.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword: John Witte, Jr.;

Introduction: Orazio Condorelli and Rafael Domingo.;

Irnerius (ca. 1055 to ca. 1125);
Andrea Padovani;
Gratian (late eleventh century to ca. 1145);
Atria A. Larson;
Azo (ca. 1165 to ca. 1120) and Accursius (1182/5 to ca. 1263);
Emanuele Conte;
Sinibaldo Fieschi (Pope Innocent IV) (1180/90–1254);
Kathleen G. Cushing;
Enrico da Susa (Cardinal Hostiensis) (ca. 1200–1271);
Kenneth Pennington;
Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274);
Charles J. Reid Jr;
Cino Sinibuldi da Pistoia (ca. 1265–1336);
Giuseppe Speciale;
Giovanni d’Andrea (1270–1348);
Peter D. Clarke;
Bartolo da Sassoferrato (1313/14–1357);
Orazio Condorelli;
Baldo degli Ubaldi da Perugia (1327–1400);
Julius Kirshner;
Paolo di Castro (1360/62–1441);
Susanne Lepsius;
Niccolò Tedeschi (Panormitanus) (1386–1445);
R. H. Helmholz;
Thomas Cajetan (1469–1534);
Wim Decock;
Andrea Alciato (1492–1550);
Alain Wijffels;
Robert Bellarmine (1542–1621);
Lorenzo Sinisi;
Alberico Gentili (1552–1608);
Giovanni Minnucci;
Giovanni Battista De Luca (1613–1683);
Italo Birocchi;
Giambattista Vico (1668–1744)
Marco Nicola Miletti
Cesare Beccaria (1738–1794);
Maria Gigliola di Renzo Villata;
Pietro Gasparri (1852–1934);
Alberto Lupano;
Contardo Ferrini (1859–1902);
Rafael Domingo;
Luigi Sturzo (1871–1959);
Romeo Astorri;
Francesco Carnelutti (1879–1965);
Giovanni Chiodi;
Alcide De Gasperi (1881–1954);
Olivier Descamps;
Arturo Carlo Jemolo (1891–1981);
Carlo Fantappiè;
Giovanni Battista Montini, Pope Paul VI (1897–1978);
Jean-Pierre Schouppe;


More information with the publisher.

18 January 2021

WEBINAR: Souveraineté et peine de mort: du modèle romain antique aux réalités contemporaines - 22.01.2021 - Faculté de Droit, Université de Toulon

 

(Source: Storia del diritto medievale e moderno)

BOOK : François Furstenberg and Ollivier Hubert (Eds.), Entangling the Quebec Act (Montréal-Kingston : McGill-Queen's University Press, 2020), ISBN 9780228003908, 39.95 CAD.

 

(Source : McGill-Queen's University Press)  

ABOUT THE BOOK :

Beyond redrawing North American borders and establishing a permanent system of governance, the Quebec Act of 1774 fundamentally changed British notions of empire and authority. Although it is understood as a formative moment - indeed part of the "textbook narrative" - in several different national histories, the Quebec Act remains underexamined in all of them.

The first sustained examination of the act in nearly thirty years, Entangling the Quebec Act brings together essays by historians from North America and Europe to explore this seminal event using a variety of historical approaches. Focusing on a singular occurrence that had major social, legal, revolutionary, and imperial repercussions, the book weaves together perspectives from spatially and conceptually distinct historical fields - legal and cultural, political and religious, and beyond. Collectively, the contributors resituate the Quebec Act in light of Atlantic, American, Canadian, Indigenous, and British Imperial historiographies.

A transnational collaboration, Entangling the Quebec Act shows how the interconnectedness of national histories is visible at a single crossing point, illustrating the importance of intertwining methodologies to bring these connections into focus.

 An eBook Coming Soon

MORE INFORMATION :  https://www.mqup.ca/entangling-the-quebec-act-products-9780228003908.php

 

15 January 2021

BOOK: Peter BECKER & Natasha WHEATLEY (Eds.), Remaking Central Europe - The League of Nations and the Former Habsburg Lands (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021). ISBN 9780198854685, 99.00 USD

 

(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press has published a new book on the new international order after World War I in the former Habsburg lands.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Over the last two decades, the "new international order" of 1919 has grown into an expansive new area of research across multiple disciplines. With the League of Nations at its heart, the interwar settlement's innovations in international organizations, international law, and many other areas shaped the world we know today.

 

This book presents the first study of the relationship between this new international order and the new regional order in Central and Eastern Europe after the collapse of the Habsburg empire. An analysis of the co-implication of these two orders is grounded in four key scholarly interventions: understanding the legacies of empire in international organizations; examining regionalism in the work of interwar international institutions; creating an integrated history of the interwar order in Europe; and testing recent claims of the conceptual connection between nationalism and internationalism.

 

With chapters covering international health, international financial oversight, human trafficking, minority rights, scientific networks, technical expertise, passports, commercial treaties, borders and citizenship, and international policing, this book pioneers a regional approach to international order, and explores the origins of today's global governance in the wake of imperial collapse.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Peter Becker is Professor of Austrian History in the Department of History at the University of Vienna. Before moving to Vienna, he held a professorship at the European University Institute in Florence, where he started his research on the history of modern state and governance especially of the Habsburg monarchy and on the cultural history of public administration.

 

Natasha Wheatley is an Assistant Professor in the Department of History at Princeton University. Prior to joining the Princeton faculty, she completed her PhD at Columbia University and was an ARC Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Sydney.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: Central Europe and the New International Order of 1919, Peter Becker and Natasha Wheatley

1. Habsburg Histories of Internationalism, Glenda Sluga

Part One: Remaking Actors and Networks

2. Clemens Pirquet: Early Twentieth-Century Scientific Networks, the Austrian Hunger Crisis, and the Making of the International Food Expert, Michael Burri

3. Reinventing International Health in East Central Europe: The League of Nations, State Sovereignty, and Universal Health, Sara Silverstein

4. The Polycentric Remaking of International Participation after World War I: (Post-)Imperial Agents from Eastern Europe in and around the League of Nations' Secretariat, Katja Naumann

5. Austria, the League of Nations, and the Birth of Multilateral Financial Control, Nathan Marcus

6. Hungary and the League of Nations: A Forced Marriage, Zoltan Peterecz

7. On the Fraught Internationalism of Intellectuals: Alfons Dopsch, Austria, and the League's Intellectual Cooperation Program, Johannes Feichtinger

Part Two: Remaking Territories and Borders

8. Remaking Mobility: International Conferences and the Emergence of the Modern Passport System, Peter Becker

9. International Commerce in the Wake of Empire: Central European Economic Integration between National and Imperial Sovereignty, Madeleine Lynch Dungy

10. Fighting the Scourge of International Crime: The Internationalisation of Policing and Criminal Law in Interwar Europe, David Petruccelli

11. Nation, Internationalism, and the Policies against Trafficking in Girls and Women after the Fall of the Habsburg Empire, Martina Steer

12. The League of Nations and the Optants Disputes of the Hungarian Borderlands: Romania, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia, Antal Berkes

13. Non-Territorial Autonomy in Interwar European Minority Protection and Its Habsburg Legacies, Börries Kuzmany

14. Beyond the League of Nations: Public Debates on International Relations in Czechoslovakia during the Interwar Period, Sarah Lemmen

An Epilogue to the Making and Unmaking of Central Europe and Global Order, Patricia Clavin

 

More info here

BOOK: Jean-Louis HALPÉRIN, Histoire des droits en Europe - De 1750 à nos jours (Paris : Librairie LGDJ, 2020). ISBN 978-2-08-151859-9, 16.00 EUR

 

(Source: Librairie LGDJ)

Librairie LGDJ has published a history of rights in Europe (1750-21st century).

ABOUT THE BOOK

Retracer l'évolution des droits en Europe, c'est faire l'histoire de nos sociétés depuis le milieu du XVIIIe siècle, qui marque l'entrée dans l'ère contemporaine : Révolution française, révolution industrielle, revendications ouvrières, mouvements féministes ou familialistes ont provoqué de profondes transformations juridiques en France et ailleurs, suscitant, au début du XXe siècle, un rapprochement des différentes législations.

Mais la naissance du droit soviétique puis l'avènement des régimes fascistes ont fait prévaloir les clivages politiques et idéologiques pendant l'entre-deux-guerres, coupure qui perdurera quarante ans après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Il faudra attendre la chute du mur de Berlin pour que les confluences l'emportent dans une Europe en proie à de nouveaux débats : l'avenir de l'État providence, avec les risques de remise en cause des acquis des travailleurs, ou les métamorphoses du droit de la famille. À l'heure où se pose avec acuité la question du degré souhaitable d'harmonisation dans l'Union européenne, cette perspective historique aide à réfléchir sur la diversité et la communauté des droits.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Professeur de droit à l'École normale supérieure, Jean-Louis Halpérin a consacré plusieurs études au Code civil et à l'histoire du droit privé français depuis 1804. Il a également travaillé sur l'histoire comparée des professions juridiques et du droit privé international.

 

More info here

14 January 2021

ONLINE CONFERENCE: English Law and Colonial Connections Histories, Parallels, and Influences (Lodz: University of Lodz, 26-27 JAN 2021)



English Law and Colonial Connections

Histories, Parallels, and Influences

26th-27th January 2021

(All times are GMT)

Tuesday, 26th January 2021

 

3.00-3.15 PM – Introduction

 

Panel 1

3.15-3.35 PM

Richard Ireland (Aberystwyth University)

“It seems history is to blame”: Imagination and the Colonial Challenge to English Legal History.

3.35-3.55 PM

                Matilde Cazzola (Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)

To Remake Britain in the Image of the Raj: James Fitzjames Stephen and India as a Legal Model.

3.55-4.15 PM

                Justine K. Collins (Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)

The Role of Legislation in Racial Identities within the English Atlantic 1640s-1700s

4.15-4.45 PM

Discussion

 

Panel 2

5.15-5.35 PM

Sally Hadden (Western Michigan University)

London’s Middle Temple and Law Students from the New World

5.35-5.55 PM

Łukasz J. Korporowicz (University of Lodz)

Sir James Mackintosh – Barrister, Judge, Law Professor

5.55-6.15 PM

Discussion

 

Wednesday, 27th January 2021

 

Panel 3

3.00-3.20 PM

Cerian Griffiths (Northumbria University)

Fraud and the City of London: Global Opportunities in the Eighteenth-Century                      

3.20-3.40 PM

                Michael Lobban (London School of Economics and Political Science)

Authority and Subjecthood at the Margins of Empire: the Case of Sekgoma Letsholathibe

3.40-4.00 PM

Discussion

 

 

Panel 4

4.30-4.50 PM

Julia Rudolph (North Carolina State University)

The Last Will and Testament of John Gardner Kemeys: Jamaican Mortgages and English   Inheritance Disputes

4.50-5.10 PM

                Stefan Vogenauer (Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)

Influences of English Law on Asian Contract Laws: Contractual Interpretation

5.10-5.30 PM

Jan Halberda, Jagiellonian University

The Principle of Good Faith and Fair Dealing in Anglo-American Contract Law                       

5.30-6.00 PM

Discussion

 

6.00-6.20 PM – Closing Remarks

More infomation on the conference website.

 

BOOK: Erik DE BOM, Randall LESAFFER and Werner THOMAS (Eds.), Early Modern Sovereignties - Theory and Practice of a Burgeoning Concept in the Netherlands (Leiden-New York: Brill, 2021). ISBN 978-90-04-44604-5, 141.00 EUR

 

(Source: Brill)

Brill is publishing a new edited collection on early modern sovereignties.

ABOUT THE BOOK

The essays in this volume explore the theories and practices of sovereignty in the context of state-building in the early modern Northern and Southern Low Countries. The Dutch Revolt, the secession of the northern provinces from the Spanish empire, the formation of the Dutch Republic and the reconstitution of Habsburg authority in the south, fostered tense debates among scholars and political leaders about the legitimacy, organisation and processes of law and governance. This made the Low Countries a prime battlefield for theoretical and political contestations about the nature of public authority and the relations between different layers of government in early-modern Europe. The book approaches this historical debate from three angles: (1) political theoretical, (2) legal, and (3) politico-historical.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Erik De Bom, Ph.D. (2009), KU Leuven, is Research Fellow at that university. He has published on the history of political thought in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, early-modern intellectual history and Renaissance humanism. 


Randall Lesaffer is Professor of legal history at KU Leuven as well as Tilburg University. His research focuses on the historical development of the law of nations in Europa since the sixteenth century. He is general editor of Oxford Historical Treaties and The Cambridge History of International Law. 


Werner Thomas is professor of Spanish and Spanish American History at KU Leuven. He publishes on the Low Countries and the Spanish monarchy, the repression of Protestantism in Spain, and the government of Archdukes Albert and Isabella in the Southern Netherlands.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Tables

Notes on Contributors

 

Introduction

   Werner Thomas

 

PART 1

The Construction of Sovereignty

 

1 Sovereignty in Grotius

   Hans Blom

 

2 Ideas on Sovereignty

  Soto, Vázquez and Grotius

   Gustaaf van Nifterik

 

3 Conform to the Government and Acknowledge the Sovereignty

  Simon Stevin and François Vranck, a Practical Approach to Contested Sovereignty

   Lies van Aelst

 

PART 2

The Use and Limits of Sovereignty

 

4 Sovereignty as Argument

  The Habsburg-Dutch Struggle for Territory before and after Westphalia, 1576–1664

   Bram De Ridder

 

5 Sovereignty and Early Modern Private Property Rights

   Shavana Musa

 

6 The ‘Perfect Principality’ of the Archdukes Albert and Isabella

  Project and Reality of a ‘Separate Sovereignty’ of the Spanish Crown, 1529–1621

   Alicia Esteban Estríngana

 

PART 3

Sovereigns and Sovereignty in Practice

 

7 ‘The King is the Real Sovereign of this Countries’

  Politics of Justice and Order from the Duke of Alba in the Netherlands, 1567–1571

   Gustaaf Janssens

 

8 Electing a Prince

  the Popular Transfer of Sovereignty at the End of the Sixteenth Century

   José Javier Ruiz Ibáñez

 

9 North-Netherlandish Sovereigns at Work in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

   Simon Groenveld

 

10 Early Seventeenth-Century Representative Institutions and Law Making in the Habsburg Netherlands

   René Vermeir

 

Index

 

More info here

BOOK: Sal NICOLAZZO, Vagrant Figures - Law, Literature, and the Origins of the Police (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2021). ISBN 9780300241310, 65.00 USD

 


Yale University Press is publishing a new book on how vagrancy has shaped the role of policing in colonialism, racial formation and resource distribution

ABOUT THE BOOK

In this innovative book demonstrating the important role of eighteenth-century literary treatments of policing and vagrancy, Nicolazzo offers a prehistory of police legitimacy in a period that predates the establishment of the modern police force. She argues that narrative, textual, and rhetorical practices shaped not only police and legal activity of the period, but also public conceptions of police power. Her extensive research delves into law and literature on both sides of the Atlantic, tracking the centrality of vagrancy in establishing police power as a form of sovereignty crucial to settler colonialism, slavery, and racial capitalism. The first book in several generations to address policing and vagrancy in the eighteenth century, and the first in the field to center race and empire in its account of literary vagrancy, Nicolazzo’s work is a significant contribution to the field of eighteenth-century literary and cultural studies.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Sal Nicolazzo is assistant professor of Literature at the University of California, San Diego.

 

More info here

13 January 2021

NEW BOOK SERIES: Routledge Studies in Comparative Legal History (eds. Aniceto MASFERRER DOMINGO & Heikki PIHLAJAMÄKI)

 

(image source: Routledge)

About the series:

This series covers the general area of comparative legal history, including contributions focusing on both 'internal' legal history, i.e., doctrinal and disciplinary developments in the law, and 'external' legal history, i.e., legal ideas and institutions in wider contexts. Considering the various legal traditions worldwide, the series also welcomes works dealing with other laws and customs from around the globe. Temporal or geographical in approach, the series will consider both legal and similar law-like normative traditions. Works encompassing views from different schools of thought and contributions from comparative and transnational historiography, including interdisciplinary approaches, are encouraged. With a focus on higher level research in the form of monographs and edited collections, proposals for supplementary reading and textbooks are also welcomed.

On the editors:

Aniceto Masferrer is Professor of Legal History and teaches legal history and comparative law at the Faculty of Law, University of Valencia, Spain. He has published extensively on criminal law from an historical and comparative perspective, as well as on the codification movement and fundamental rights in the Western legal tradition. Heikki Tapio Pihlajamäki is Professor of Comparative Legal History, Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki, Finland. He has published widely, in a number of languages, on various aspects of comparative legal history. 

Board:

Tatjana Borisova, Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg; Luisa Brunori, Lille 2 University; Emanuele Conte, Università degli Studi Roma Tre; Matthew Dyson, University of Oxford; Manuel Gutan, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu; Dirk Heirbaut, Ghent University; Phillip Hellwege, University of Augsburg; Mia Korpiola, University of Turku; Marju Luts, University of Tartu; Emi Matsumoto, Aoyama Gakuin University; Matthew C. Mirow, Florida International University; Ulrike Müßig, Universität Passau; Jacques du Plessis, Stellenbosch University; Helle Vogt, University of Copenhagen; James Q. Whitman, Yale Law School; Alain Wijffels, Université Catholique de Louvain, Leiden University, CNRS.

µ Read more here.

ZOOM TALK: Thomas SIMON, Christlich", "deutsch", "ständisch": Die sog. "Maiverfassung" 1934 und der "Autoritäre Ständestaat". Versuch einer verfassungsgeschichtlichen Einordnung (Vienna: Universität Wien, 19 JAN 2021)

(image source: Universität Wien)

The Viennese Legal History Society (Wiener Rechtsgeschichtliche Gesellschaft) holds its events online via Zoom during the pandemic and opens the talks now for the wider public.

 

On 19 January, Prof. Thomas Simon (Vienna) will give a talk in German with the title: "Christlich", "deutsch", "ständisch": Die sog. "Maiverfassung" 1934 und der "Autoritäre Ständestaat". Versuch einer verfassungsgeschichtlichen Einordnung

 

Everyone is warmly invited to join the event via Zoom. Contact rechtsgeschicht@univie.ac.at to enroll.

BOOK: Geoffrey GRANDJEAN, Histoire de la construction européenne (Brussels : Larcier, 2020). ISBN 9782802739708, 90.00 EUR

 

(Source: Larcier)

Larcier has published a book on the history of “la construction européenne”.

ABOUT THE BOOK

À l’heure où l’Union européenne donne des signes d’un délitement annoncé, cet ouvrage s’intéresse, dans la perspective du temps long, aux États et aux personnalités politiques ayant joué et jouant encore un rôle majeur dans l’histoire de la construction européenne. En interrogeant l’idée d’Europe, en examinant les conséquences des deux guerres mondiales et en détaillant les étapes de la construction européenne, cet ouvrage tend à démontrer que l’Union européenne ne vit que par ses États et pour ses États.

À travers l’analyse de faits historiques, la présentation de notices biographiques et l’étude de textes fondamentaux, cette Histoire de la construction européenne propose une immersion dans des contextes politiques, sociaux, économiques ou encore culturels à la fois convergents et divergents. Elle est surtout l’occasion de s’interroger sur la possibilité de concrétiser une commune solidarité entre les citoyens et les États européens.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Geoffrey Grandjean : Professeur de science politique à la Faculté de Droit, de Science politique et de Criminologie (ULiège)

 

The table of contents can be found here

 

More info here

12 January 2021

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'Histoire du Droit/The Legal History Review LXXXVIII (2020), no. 3-4 (Dec)

 

(image source: Brill)

Prijs Robert Feenstra/Prix Robert Feenstra/Robert Feenstra Prize  (De Dagelijkse Redactie/Le Comité de rédaction/The Editorial Committee)

In memoriam Laurent Waelkens (1953-2020) (Alain Wijffels)

Academic bibliography of Laurent Waelkens (Wouter Druwé)

Irnerius and the imperial legislator, between Justinian and Henry V (Luca Loschiavo)

Abstract:

Nowadays both the figure of Irnerius and his role in the revival of legal studies in the Middle Ages are being questioned under different profiles. Returning to examine the manuscript tradition, the author aims in this essay to show how fondamental was the Irnerius’ contribution in giving the subsequent school of Bologna a very specific direction. Philology was only a tool he used to demonstrate to his contemporaries the authority and ‘positive’ validity of the whole imperial legislation against the early medieval use of selecting only what was immediately useful for practice.

Des clercs qui se mesleront de faire lettres et obligations. Public notaries and comital vassals or ‘hommes de fief’ in the organisation of voluntary jurisdiction in late-medieval Hainaut (1345-1467) (Falco Van der Schueren)

Abstract:

During the late Middle Ages, the organisation of voluntary jurisdiction in the customary regions of the Southern Low Countries was strongly determined by local developments. While it thrived in the major bishoprics of Liège and Tournai as well as in the commercial centers of Flanders and Brabant, historiography long assumed that the notary public failed to integrate into society in the rural county of Hainaut. Competition with the more dominant aldermen and comital vassals or hommes de fief supposedly prevented notaries from institutionalising their role as private legal intermediaries. Yet, the long-held top-down perspective disregarded interactions between, and the mutual competition among these different ‘agents’, thus creating a unilateral view that emphasised the importance of existing or indigenous alternatives. This contribution aims to better comprehend the organisation of late-medieval voluntary jurisdiction in Hainaut, taking the co-existence of public notaries and hommes de fief into consideration. From a bottom-up approach, relying on contemporary documentary writing practices, it will demonstrate how they both employed pragmatic literacy to gain authority, claim fides publica, and consolidate their own institutional position as such. This paradigm shift offers a framework that nuances previous insights regarding the reception of and developments within the notarial office in late-medieval Hainaut.

Hugo Grotius’s De societate publica cum infidelibus, Justifying overseas expansionism or religious toleration? (Marc de Wilde) (open access)

Abstract:

This article provides an analysis of an unpublished manuscript of Hugo Grotius, entitled De societate publica cum infidelibus, ‘On public partnership with infidels’. In the text, Grotius examines the legal conditions under which Christians may enter into treaties and alliances with non-Christians. Grotius’s text has been interpreted by Peter Borschberg and Martine van Ittersum as a justification of the Dutch commercial and military policies in the East Indies. However, as this article shows, Grotius probably conceived of De societate as a more general treatise, which related not only to the East Indian context, but also to the domestic debate about the legal position of non-Christians in the Dutch Republic. The same arguments that served as a justification for overseas expansionism could thus serve as a justification for religious toleration in the domestic context.

Why  did Louis XIV establish High Courts of Justice in North America?The Sovereign Council of Québec (1663) and the Superior Council of Louisiana (1712) through the prism of legal transplant theories (Serge Dauchy)

Abstract:

Why did Louis XIV establish high courts in the distant and sparsely populated North-American colonies? The logic of the establishment of the Sovereign Council of Québec in 1663 and the Superior Council of Louisiana in 1712 is indeed in no way similar to the one which led to the creation of high courts in the metropolitan territories previously under foreign sovereignty. In the colonies, there was no need to safeguard the provincial privileges, in particular that to be judged in accordance with the local customs and procedural rules. Historians have emphasized the idea that justice foremost asserted the king’s authority on his overseas territories and France’s position on the international scene. Colonial institutions were thus merely considered as extensions of the metropolitan model. This paper proposes to study the high courts of New France through the prism of legal transplant theories, focusing on the objectives and expectations of the donor rather than on their objects or on the obstacles faced by the receiver. We assert that the overseas high courts were a means to define and orientate the French colonial policy rather than an end in themselves. Their judicial and, above all, regulatory competences made them indeed a particularly suitable instrument for the fulfillment of the monarchy’s political and economic expectations.

French Influences on Germany’s Commercial Courts in the Nineteenth Century (Thomas Vogl)

Abstract:

The present contribution explores the extent of influence which French law had on the development of Germany’s commercial courts in the nineteenth century. Modern literature describes this influence as marginal, yet without further proof. The author takes this state of research as a starting point to compare the Napoleonic legislation on commercial courts with the German commercial court systems of the nineteenth century. However, the present contribution will start with an overview of the German legal situation at the end of the eighteenth century. This is followed by an examination of whether French law was transferred to Germany during the French occupation of large parts of Germany at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Against this background it is possible to fully analyse the influence which French law had on the further development of German commercial courts.

‘The Nation will always prevail’, Representation, participation and contestation in the Belgian Constitution of 1831 (Christophe Maes and Brecht Deseure) (open access)

Abstract:

The exact nature of the concept of sovereignty enshrined by the Belgian Constitution of 1831 has recently become the object of academic debate. This article takes a stand in this debate by analyzing the representative system instated by the constituent National Congress. It is argued that the congressmen attributed primacy to the legislative Chamber because it concentrated in its midst all the individual wills of the people in order to express the general will or the wish of the Nation. Importantly, though, parliament was not the only representative of the national will, neither was it considered completely self-contained. Parliament’s expression of the national will was subject to constant evaluation by public opinion. When the assembly failed to respond to popular grievances, other representatives were qualified to address the issue: the king could disband the Chamber or pronounce his veto when the national interest required it. The jury, assessing press or political related crimes, could correct oppressive governmental action. And if all of this failed – and only then – the nation could ultimately resist and take directly matters in its own hands. Thus, it is argued that the character of sovereignty in the Belgian state system was ultimately popular.

Roman Law in the Curriculum of the First Chinese Students in England, France, and China (Li Chen)

Abstract:

This article retraces the beginnings of Roman law studies by Chinese students during the latter part of the 19th century. It relies on archival research in order to piece together the curricula and careers of three pioneering Chinese law students who first came to study law, including Roman law, in England, France, and China. Wu Tingfang’s legal training at an Inn of Court in London, Ma Kié-Tchong’s legal education at the University of Paris and Wang Chung Hui’s study at Peiyang University in Tianjin, all included a more or less in-depth exposure to Roman law. Ma Kié-Tchong’s wrote a thesis on Roman law in Latin. As the first surviving specimen of legal Latin written by a Chinese jurist, his work not only reflects Roman law studies in France in the 19th century, it also sheds light on the level of proficiency in legal Latin which a Chinese scholar could attain.

Les minorités dans la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme, une absence délibérée (Fernando Arlettaz)

Abstract:

The League of Nations established, in the interwar period, a legal regime for the protection of minorities which considered them as intermeditate groups between the State and the individuals. On the contrary, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, adopted in 1948 by the United Nations, assumed a radically individualistic point of view and did not include any mention to minority rights. The travaux préparatoires of the Universal Declaration suggest that the question of minorities caused strong tension among States and that, for this reason, they avoided its inclusion in the 1948 document.

The Navel, Reflections on the composition of the Quarta pars Digestorum (W.J. Zwalve and Th. de Vries)

Abstract:

In an earlier edition of Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis we have contended that Justinian’s Digest was composed on the basis of Ulpian’s Libri ad Edictum and the peculiarities and special exigencies of the legal curriculum. It was also contended that the distribution of the fifty books over the seven partes of the Digest was based on a mathematical formula, complicated by the fact that Justinian (Tribonian) had decided to assign four books to the first pars (Ta prota) and 36 to the first five partes together according to ‘the nature and science of numbers’ (natura et ars numerorum). This article offers some additional arguments supporting our thesis and concentrates on the composition of the quarta pars Digestorum, designated by Justinian himself as ‘The Navel’ (Umbilicus) of the entire composition. The hypothesis is that Tribonian composed the quarta pars Digestorum as a microcosm of the Digest as a whole and that he has been ‘juggling with numbers’ within the composition of ‘The Navel’ as he has ostensibly done in the composition of the Digest as a whole.

Lauro Chiazzese, lo studio delle interpolazioni e i confronti ‘ritrovati’ (Mario Varvaro)

Abstract:

A first draft of the Parte speciale of Chiazzese’s Confronti Testuali, projected as complement of the Parte generale published in 1933, was known for quite some time, but was only recently published by Falcone. Although this is an important transcription work of the manuscript, the reconstruction provided about the historical background – partially based on two different versions of an anecdote – should be read taking into account some clarifications.

 Book reviews:

  • Die Akten des Kaiserlichen Reichshofrats, Serie II: Antiqua, Band 5: Karton 425-516, edited by W. Sellert, 2019 (P.L. Nève)
  • Latent defect or excessive price? Exploring early modern legal approach to remedying defects in goods exchanged for money, written by C.J. de Bruijn, 2018 (Wim Decock)
  • Ernst Kantorowicz, a Life. written by R.E. Lerner,  2017 (Alain Wijffels)
  • Juristen die schreven en bleven, Nederlandstalige rechtsgeleerde klassiekers, edited by G. Martyn e.a., 2020 (Jan Hallebeek)
  • The Oxford handbook of European legal history, edited by H. Pihlajamäkki, M.D. Dubber and M. Godfrey, 2018 (A.J.B. Sirks)
  • Handwörterbuch zur deutschen Rechtsgeschichte HRG, 2., edited by A. Cordes, H. Lück, D. Werkmüller und C. Bertelsmeier-Kierst, 2016 (Alain Wijffels)

(source: Standen & Landen/Anciens Pays et Assemblées d'États)