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21 September 2020

ARTICLE: Annemieke ROMEIN, “The Datafication of Early Modern Ordinances”, Digital Humanities in Society – Volume II


The journal Digital Humanities in Society has published “The Datafication of Early Modern Ordinances” by Annemieke Romein.

Abstract: The project Entangled Histories used early modern printed normative texts. The computer used to have significant problems being able to read Dutch Gothic print, which is used in the vast majority of the sources. Using the Handwritten Text Recognition suite Transkribus (v.1.07-v.1.10), we reprocessed the original scans that had poor quality OCR, obtaining a Character Error Rate (CER) much lower than our initial expectations of <5% CER. This result is a significant improvement that enables the searching through 75,000 pages of printed normative texts from the seventeen provinces, also known as the Low Countries. The books of ordinances are compilations; thus, segmentation is essential to retrace the individual norms. We have applied – and compared – four different methods: ABBYY, P2PaLA, NLE Document Recognition and a custom rule-based tool that combines lexical features with font recognition. Each text (norm) in the books concerns one or more topics or categories. A selection of normative texts was manually labelled with internationally used (hierarchical) categories. Using Annif, a tool for automatic subject indexing, the computer was trained to apply the categories by itself. Automatic metadata makes it easier to search relevant texts and allows further analysis. Text recognition, segmentation and categorisation of norms together constitute the datafication of the Early Modern Ordinances. Our experiments for automating these steps have resulted in a provisional process for datafication of this and similar collections

 

The full text can be found here

BOOK: Marianne HOLDGAARD, Auður MAGNÚSDÓTTIR & Bodil SEMER, Nordic Inheritance Law through the Ages Spaces of Action and Legal Strategies (Brill/Nijhoff: Leiden/Boston, 2020). ISBN: 9789004427358, pp. 418, €129.00

Cover Nordic Inheritance Law through the Ages
(Source: Brill)

ABOUT  THE BOOK

Series: Legal History Library, Volume: 38

Nordic Inheritance Law through the Ages – Spaces of Action and Legal Strategies explores the significance of inheritance law from medieval times to the present through topical and in-depth studies that bring life to historical and contemporary inheritance practices. The contributions cover three themes: status of persons and options in the process of property devolution; wills, gift-giving and legal disputes as means to shape the working of the law; processes of inheritance legislation. The authors focus on instances where legal strategies of various actors particularly reveal inheritance law as a contested and yet constrained space of action, and somewhat surprisingly show similar solutions to family law issues dealt with in other Western European countries. 

Contributors are: Simone Abram, Gitte Meldgaard Abrahamsen, Per Andersen, Agnes S. Arnórsdóttir, John Asland, Knut Dørum, Thomas Eeg, Ian Peter Grohse, Marianne Holdgaard, Astrid Mellem Johnsen, Már Jónsson, Mia Korpiola, Gabriela Bjarne Larsson, Auður Magnúsdóttir, Bodil Selmer, Helle I. M. Sigh, and Miriam Tveit.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Marianne Holdgaard is Professor of Family and Inheritance Law, and heading the FamLaPP Research Centre at University of Aalborg, Denmark. Her research revolves around the interconnection between family and inheritance law, especially regarding children’s (lack of) legal and de facto rights to inheritance in various (non-)legal family forms. 

Auður Magnúsdóttir is Associate Professor in History at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg. Her main research interests concern power and political culture, as well as kinship and gender relations in medieval Iceland and Scandinavia. 

Bodil Selmer is Associate Professor at The Institute of Culture and Society, Aarhus University. She specializes in Legal Anthropology and Kinship Studies. Her most recent research concerns the meaning of material and financial inheritance as affecting life prospects, identity and sense of belonging.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Available at Brill's website.


More information with the publisher.

18 September 2020

JOURNAL: Rivista di Storia dell'Università di Torino, vol. 9, no. 1 (2020)

 Foto

(Source: Storia del diritto medievale e moderno)


Saggi e Studi

A Matter of Style and Praxis. Segre vs. Peano on the Concept of Rigour in Mathematics Education

Erika Luciano

Federico Patetta, docente e collezionista dell’Ateneo torinese: la preminenza della sua collezione nella sezione «Biblioteca Patetta. Antichi e rari»

Gian Savino Pene Vidari

Le lezioni di Storia del diritto italiano di Cesare Nani all’Università di Torino. Spunti di ricerca

Elisa Mongiano


Archivi, Biblioteche, Musei

Fondi personali nell’Archivio storico dell’Università di Torino. Il caso di Enrico Castelnuovo

Marco Testa


The articles are available in PDF format here.

SEMINAR: Public and Private Law: A Historical Genealogy. 23 September 2020


Prof. Bernardo Sordi will discuss on wednesday, 23 September his new book "Diritto pubblico e diritto privato. Una genealogia storica" (Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020). The webinar will be held in partnership between Studium Iuris – Research Group on History of Legal Culture (UFMG), Ius Commune - Research Group on History of Legal Culture (UFSC) and Università di Firenze (PhD School in Legal Sciences, curriculum Theory and History of Law). The conference will be held in English.

Time: 11:30 (Brazil); 16:30 (Italy)

The conference will be broadcasted through YouTube in this link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUFoIR7kgWpf2VgK3NtsaZg

Inscriptions (non mandatory): https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1vvyH1v0oaqhwgiijIDwS52E9TADyGX1OmrspA7wcxY

Those willing to make questions during the conference will receive a link to a form that will be made avaliable during the event.

17 September 2020

WEBINAR: "Il manoscritto giuridico miniato" - 22 settembre 2020, ore 10.30-19.30, 2° Workshop internazionale dell'équipe di ricerca IUS ILLUMINATUM. (on Zoom)

 

(Source: Storia del diritto medievale e moderno)


Through the website "Storia del diritto medievale e moderno", we learned about the webinar "Il manoscritto giuridico miniato", 22 settembre 2020 - ore 10.30-19.30, 2° Workshop internazionale dell'équipe di ricerca IUS ILLUMINATUM.

For more information and to download the program click here.

BOOK: Will BATEMAN, Public Finance and Parliamentary Constitutionalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020). ISBN 9781108478113, 80.00 GBP

 

Cambridge University Press is publishing a new book on the history of public finance law in the UK, its export throughout the British Empire, and its entrenchment in Commonwealth constitutions.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Public Finance and Parliamentary Constitutionalism analyses constitutionalism and public finance (tax, expenditure, audit, sovereign borrowing and monetary finance) in Anglophone parliamentary systems of government. The book surveys the history of public finance law in the UK, its export throughout the British Empire, and its entrenchment in Commonwealth constitutions. It explains how modern constitutionalism was shaped by the financial impact of warfare, welfare-state programs and the growth of central banking. It then provides a case study analysis of the impact of economic conditions on governments' financial behaviour, focusing on the UK's and Australia's responses to the financial crisis, and the judiciary's position vis-à-vis the state's financial powers. Throughout, it questions orthodox accounts of financial constitutionalism (particularly the views of A. V. Dicey) and the democratic legitimacy of public finance. Currently ignored aspects of government behaviour are analysed in-depth, particularly the constitutional role of central banks and sovereign debt markets.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Will Bateman, Australian National University, Canberra

Will Bateman is Senior Lecturer in Law and the Deputy-Director of Research at the Law School of the Australian National University, Canberra. He has worked at the apex of constitutional and financial law, including at the High Court of Australia and Herbert Smith Freehills.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Finance and constitutionalism

Part I. Historical Development of Parliamentary Public Finance:

2. History (I): parliament and executive

3. History (II): judiciary

4. History (III): exporting parliamentary public finance

5. History (IV): public finance in the modern state

Part II. Parliamentary Public Finance in Operation:

6. Fiscal authority

7. Debt and monetary authority

8. Judicial power

Part III. Evaluating Parliamentary Public Finance:

9. Descriptive failure of parliamentary control

10. Theory and practice of financial self-rule.

 

More info here

16 September 2020

BOOK: Marju LUTS-SOOTAK and Frank L. SCHÄFER, eds., Recht und Wirtschaft in Stadt und Land (Bern: Peter Lang, 2020). ISBN 978-3-631-81058-3, EUR 84.10

 

(Source: Peter Lang)

Peter Lang is publishing an edited collection on the legal history of the Nordic Sea region.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Der Sammelband dokumentiert ausgewählte Vorträge des Neunten Rechtshistorikertages im Ostseeraum vom Mai 2018 in Estland. Die Beiträge decken unter dem Generalthema «Recht und Wirtschaft in Stadt und Land» die gesamte Spannbreite der Rechtsgeschichte des Ostseeraumes sowie der Forschungsinteressen der Rechtshistorikerinnen und Rechtshistoriker der Anrainerstaaten ab.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Marju Luts-Sootak ist Professorin für Rechtsgeschichte an der Rechtsfakultät der Universität Tartu, Estland.

Frank L. Schäfer ist Direktor der Germanistischen Abteilung des Instituts für Rechtsgeschichte und geschichtliche Rechtsvergleichung an der Universität Freiburg, Deutschland.

Marju Luts-Sootak is Professor of Legal History at the School of Law, University of Tartu in Estonia.

Frank L. Schäfer is Director of the Section for German Legal History at the Institute for Legal History and Comparative Legal History at Freiburg University in Germany.

 

The table of contents can be found here

BOOK: Yan THOMAS & Jacques CHIFFOLEAU, L’istituzione della natura. A cura e con un saggio di Michele Spanò (Macerata, Quodlibet, 2020). ISBN: 9788822904843, pp. 128, € 15,00

(Source: Quodlibet)



ABOUT THE BOOK

A cura e con un saggio di Michele Spanò.

La natura occupa un posto speciale nella cosmologia dei Moderni. Letterale preistoria di tutto quanto è genuinamente civile e propriamente umano, essa è anche – oggi più che mai – la riserva di ragioni che di questa stessa umana civiltà potrebbero o dovrebbero custodire l’antidoto quando non la palingenesi. Il potere normativo della natura è formidabile proprio perché coincide con la sua stessa dissimulazione: di qualcosa che appare, o deve apparire, ovvio e indiscutibile si dirà infatti che «è naturale». Costruita come l’antipode di ciò che è giudicato artificiale e artefatto, la natura ha quindi il potere di escludere come esecrabile e anormale tutto quanto non sembra soddisfarne la presunta normatività. Yan Thomas e Jacques Chiffoleau – l’uno perlustrando l’officina dei giuristi romani, l’altro i discorsi e le tecniche di giudici e teologi medievali – illustrano un profilo drasticamente diverso e per più versi sorprendente della natura. Secondo i due storici essa non precede mai le operazioni giuridiche e le procedure giudiziarie che – ogni volta che la invocano – altro non fanno che istituirla, costruendo allo stesso tempo tutto ciò che, essendole contrario, a essa ripugna. La natura è la protagonista di un indefinito processo di naturalizzazione. Prima a Roma, nel laboratorio del diritto civile, e poi durante tutto il Medioevo, nei processi in cui si costruisce il diritto pubblico di una sovranità che comincia a farsi le ossa reprimendo i suoi nemici, la natura è un vero e proprio strumento. Un arnese prodotto e impiegato da giuristi e giudici, teologi e filosofi, per intervenire sulla società e la realtà, in un intreccio costante di verità e finzione, possibilità e interdetti, eresia e ortodossia, con cui, probabilmente, non abbiamo ancora smesso di fare i conti.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Yan Thomas (1943-2008), storico del diritto romano, directeur d’études all’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales di Parigi, è stato tra gli intellettuali più inclassificabili della sua generazione. Presso Quodlibet sono apparsi Il valore delle cose (2015), Fictio legis (2016) e L’istituzione della natura (con Jacques Chiffoleau, 2020).

Jacques Chiffoleau è stato professore di Storia medievale presso le Università di Lione e Avignone. Directeur d’études all’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales di Parigi, è autore di numerosi saggi di storia della società e delle istituzioni medievali. In italiano ha pubblicato La Chiesa, il segreto e l’obbedienza. La costruzione del soggetto politico nel medioevo (il Mulino, 2010).

Michele Spanò, trained in both social philosophy and private law, is Associate Professor in Law at the EHESS.  He is interested in the ways in which law deals with collective entities. His researches focus on class action lawsuits and consider, both historically and theoretically, how the logical and practical hegemony of individualism in private law is being re-framed and contested through and by the emergence of common or collective actors, interests, goods and rights.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

- Avvertenza
- Yan Thomas, Imago naturae. Nota sull’istituzionalità della natura a Roma
- Jacques Chiffoleau, Contra naturam. Per un approccio casuistico e procedurale alla natura medievale
- Michele Spanò, «Perché non rendi poi quel che prometti allor?». Tecniche e ideologie della giuridificazione della natura


More information with the publisher.

15 September 2020

BOOK: Nancy CHRISTIE, Michael GAUVREAU, and Matthew GERBER, eds., Voices in the Legal Archives in the French Colonial World “The King Is Listening” (London: Routledge, 2020). ISBN 9780367508067, 120.00 GBP


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing an edited collection on judicial practices and litigation during the first era of French overseas expansion.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Voices in the Legal Archives in the French Colonial World: "The King is Listening" offers, through the contribution of thirteen original chapters, a sustained analysis of judicial practices and litigation during the first era of French overseas expansion.

The overall goal of this volume is to elaborate a more sophisticated "social history of colonialism" by focusing largely on the eighteenth century, extending roughly from 1700 until the conclusion of the Age of Revolutions in the 1830s. By critically examining legal practices and litigation in the French colonial world, in both its Atlantic and Oceanic extensions, this volume of essays has sought to interrogate the naturalized equation between law and empire, an idea premised on the idea of law as a set of doctrines and codified procedures originating in the metropolis and then transmitted to the colonies. This book advances new approaches and methods in writing a history of the French empire, one which views state authority as more unstable and contested. Voices in the Legal Archives proposes to remedy the under-theorized state of France’s first colonial empire, as opposed to its post-1830 imperial expressions empire, which have garnered far more scholarly attention.

This book will appeal to scholars of French history and the comparative history of European empires and colonialism.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Nancy Christie is Research Professor of History at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. She has published widely in the fields of empire, gender, law and the state.
Michael Gauvreau is Professor of History at McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada. He researches in the intellectual, religious, and social history of Canada and Quebec.
Matthew Gerber is Associate Professor of History at University of Colorado at Boulder, USA. He specializes in the history of early modern France and its colonies.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I: Reading Colonial Legal Records Against the Grain  1. Controlling Haitian History: The Legal Archive of Moreau de Saint-Méry  2. Proof of Freedom, Proof of Enslavement: The Limits of Documentation in Colonial Saint-Domingue  Part II: Between Metropole and Periphery  3. Silencing Madmen: The Legal Process of Interdiction, Saint-Domingue, Eighteenth Century  4. The Treatment of Domestic Servants in Canada’s Justice System Under the French Regime: A Conciliatory Approach?  5. Contesting the Seigneurial Corvée: Two Generations of Peasant Litigation in Eighteenth-Century Angoumois  Part III: Chains of Property and Obligation  6. Between Property and Person: The Ambiguous Status of Slaves in Eighteenth-Century Martinique, Guadeloupe and Saint-Domingue  7. Trust, Obligation, and the Racialized Credit Market in Pre-Revolutionary Cap Français  8. The Inhabitants "Appear Are Not Such Fools as a Menny Thinks": Credit, Debt, and Peasant Litigation in Post-Conquest Quebec  Part IV: Circuits of Power and the Testimony of the Marginal  9. The Voice of the Litigant, the Voice of the Spokesman?: The Role of Interpreters in Trials in Canada under the French Regime (17th and 18th Centuries)  10. Voices of Litigating Women in New France During the 17th and 18th Centuries: Elements of Research on the Judicial Culture of the Appellants in the Archives of the Royal Jurisdiction of Montreal (1693–1760)  11. Slaves as Witnesses, Slaves as Evidence: French and British Prosecution of the Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean  Part V: Divided Sovereignties, Legal Hybridities  12. When French Islands Became British: Law, Property, and Inheritance in the Ceded Islands  13. Contested Spaces of Law and Economy: Legal Hybridity and the Marital Economy Within Quebec’s Merchant Communities

More info here

11 September 2020

ARTICLE: Para além do sangue e do solo: Aquisição e atribuição da nacionalidade nas utopias do século XIX (Thomas Project, n. 3, 2020/1)

 

(Source: http://www.thomasproject.net/current-issue/)

Abstract: The aim of our paper is to investigate the problem of acquisition and attribution of nationality in 19th century English-speaking utopias. In the scope of International Law, the classic doctrines related to nationality (ius sanguinis and ius soli) were consolidated during the 19th century, as a result of the formation of modern centralized states. Countless utopias will develop attacks on the doctrines of ius sanguinis and ius soli, interpreting the contemporary conception of nationality as a reflection of bourgeois legal-political thought. We will focus on three texts: Erewhon (1862), by Samuel Butler; Looking Backward: 2000 - 1887 (1888), by Edward Bellamy; and News from Nowhere (1890), by William Morris. Throughout Modernity, it became common to use utopias to criticize the Western political-legal structure. The writings of Butler, Bellamy and Morris are no exception, and in them we can find efforts to think about alternatives to the hegemonic criteria for recognizing nationality. Keywords: Utopia; nationalism; XIX century; Samuel Butler; Edward Bellamy; William Morris.

Philippe Oliveira de Almeida is professor of Philosophy of Law at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).


10 September 2020

BOOK: Raphaël CAHEN & Nicolas LAURENT-BONNE (dir), Joseph-Marie Portalis. Diplomate, magistrat et législateur (Aix-en-Provence: PUAM, 2020), 244 p. ISBN 9782731411744, € 23

  

(image source: PUAM)

Abstract:

Fils du célèbre Portalis corédacteur du projet de code civil, Joseph-Marie est un personnage historique de premier rang : homme aux huit serments politiques à l’image d’un Talleyrand ou d’un Fouché, Portalis a traversé les bouleversements sociaux, économiques, technologiques, politiques et juridiques de la France et de l’Europe, de la fin de la Révolution au Second Empire. Ancien émigré, diplomate, conseiller d’État, pair de France, académicien, publiciste, ministre des Cultes par intérim, de la Justice, des Affaires étrangères, premier président de la Cour de cassation pendant plus de vingt ans et même sénateur au début du Second Empire, Portalis « fils » a laissé à la postérité une œuvre importante qui n’a pas suscité, jusqu’à présent, l’intérêt des historiens et des juristes à de rares exceptions près. Par le biais de sources inédites mais également des œuvres publiées et rarement étudiées de Joseph-Marie Portalis, ce livre entend proposer un aperçu de la vie et de l’œuvre de ce personnage.

Table of contents:

Avant-propos (Raphaël Cahen & Nicolas Laurent-Bonne)  
D’un Portalis à l’autre : la constance d’une lignée (Joël-Benoît d'Onorio)
4 janvier 1811, Portalis est chassé du Conseil d’État (Thierry Lentz)

Première partie: Portalis, haut magistrat

Joseph-Marie Portalis, premier président de la Cour de cassation (Xavier Prétot)
Joseph-Marie Portalis à la Chambre criminelle : les audaces d’une présidence (1824-1829) (Claire Bouglé-Le Roux)

Deuxième partie: Portalis, penseur et législateur

Joseph-Marie Portalis et le « milliard » des émigrés (Marion Narran-Finkelstein)
Joseph-Marie Portalis, législateur et théoricien de la science des lois (Sylvain Bloquet)
« Les limites des deux mondes », Portalis et l’historien (François Jankowiak)

Troisième partie: Portalis, diplomate et penseur des relations internationales

Avant-propos (Martine de Boisdeffre)
Joseph-Marie Portalis – penseur et acteur de la diplomatie napoléonienne (Raphaël Cahen)
Reconstruire le centre par la périphérie : le ministère Portalis et la guerre russo-ottomane de 1828-1829 (Gabriel Leanca)
Portalis le jeune et le droit des gens (Frederik Dhondt)

Quatrième partie: Portalis et les cultes

Portalis accompagne l’échec du Concordat de 1817 (Brigitte Basdevant-Gaudemet; Dominique Rodde)
Portalis et sa mission à Rome pour les affaires concordataires (Audrey Virot)
Les discours de Portalis à la chambre des pairs en matière religieuse (Cyrille Dounot)

More information with the publisher

 (source: ESILHIL Blog)

BOOK: Lindsay M. CHERVINSKY, The Cabinet. George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution (Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard UP, 2020), 432 p. ISBN 9780674986480, € 27

 

(image source: Harvard UP)

Abstract:

The U.S. Constitution never established a presidential cabinet—the delegates to the Constitutional Convention explicitly rejected the idea. So how did George Washington create one of the most powerful bodies in the federal government? On November 26, 1791, George Washington convened his department secretaries—Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, and Edmund Randolph—for the first cabinet meeting. Why did he wait two and a half years into his presidency to call his cabinet? Because the U.S. Constitution did not create or provide for such a body. Washington was on his own. Faced with diplomatic crises, domestic insurrections, and constitutional challenges—and finding congressional help lacking—Washington decided he needed a group of advisors he could turn to. He modeled his new cabinet on the councils of war he had led as commander of the Continental Army. In the early days, the cabinet served at the president’s pleasure. Washington tinkered with its structure throughout his administration, at times calling regular meetings, at other times preferring written advice and individual discussions.

Youtube video:

 

On the author:

Lindsay M. Chervinsky is Scholar in Residence at the Institute for Thomas Paine Studies at Iona College, Senior Fellow at the Robert H. Smith International Center for Jefferson Studies, and Professorial Lecturer at the School of Media and Public Affairs, George Washington University.

(source: Harvard UP

BOOK: Frederick the Great's Philosophical Writings (Transl. Angela SCHOLAR, ed. Avi LIFSCHITZ) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2019), 292 p. ISBN 9780691176420, €35

 
(image: Frederick II of Prussia; source: Wikimedia Commons)

Abstract:

Frederick II of Prussia (1712–1786), best known as Frederick the Great, was a prolific writer of philosophical discourses, poems, epics, satires, and more, while maintaining extensive correspondence with prominent intellectuals, Voltaire among them. This edition of selected writings, the first to make a wide range of Frederick’s most important ideas available to a modern English readership, moves beyond traditional attempts to see his work only in light of his political aims. In these pages, we can finally appreciate Frederick’s influential contributions to the European Enlightenment—and his unusual role as a monarch who was also a published author. In addition to Frederick’s major opus, the Anti-Machiavel, the works presented here include essays, prefaces, reviews, and dialogues. The subjects discussed run the gamut from ethics to religion to political theory. Accompanied by critical annotations, the texts show that we can understand Frederick’s views of kingship and the state only if we engage with a broad spectrum of his thought, including his attitudes toward morality and self-love. By contextualizing his arguments and impact on Enlightenment beliefs, this volume considers how we can reconcile Frederick’s innovative public musings with his absolutist rule. Avi Lifschitz provides a robust and detailed introduction that discusses Frederick’s life and work against the backdrop of eighteenth-century history and politics. With its unparalleled scope and cross-disciplinary appeal, Frederick the Great’s Philosophical Writings firmly establishes one monarch’s multifaceted relevance for generations of readers and scholars to come.

On the editor:

Avi Lifschitz is associate professor of European history at the University of Oxford, where he is fellow of Magdalen College. He is the author of Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century and editor of Engaging with Rousseau. Twitter @Diderotesque 

(source: Princeton University Press

BOOK: Bernardo SORDI, Diritto pubblico e diritto privato: una genealogia storica (Il Mulino: 2020), ISBN 978-88-15-28742-7, € 24

 

(Source: https://static0c.mulino.it/sitomulino/9788815287427/bookCoverSizeBig/3f6bcefcover28742.jpeg)


Nella percezione del giurista pubblico e privato sono termini antichi, ma il lungo itinerario che scandisce l’approdo alla grande dicotomia si avvia solo con lo Stato moderno che plasma il diritto pubblico, mentre il diritto privato è catturato nell’orbita dell’individualismo giuridico. Con il tramonto dell’antico regime, la dicotomia si porrà a fondamento dell’intero ordine giuridico, incarnando l’equilibrio tipicamente ottocentesco tra Stato e società, sovranità e diritti; il Novecento invece ne scompaginerà i confini, introducendo compromissioni e mescolanze tra statuale ed economico, sociale e individuale, interesse generale e interessi particolari. Negli anni più recenti l’intensità della globalizzazione economica e l’impoverimento dei programmi costituzionali fanno pensare a un nuovo primato del diritto privato. Nella prospettiva di una rinnovata unità del giuridico questo volume indaga il rapporto tra i «due diritti» nella loro stratificata storicità, invitando ad una riflessione ormai imprescindibile sulla necessità di un equilibrio ragionevole tra bisogni personali e collettivi, diritti e doveri, garanzie e poteri.

Bernardo Sordi insegna Storia del diritto medievale e moderno nell’Università di Firenze. Membro del comitato editoriale della rivista «Quaderni fiorentini per la storia del pensiero giuridico moderno», è autore di «Giustizia e amministrazione nell’Italia liberale. La formazione della nozione di interesse legittimo» (Giuffrè, 1985), «Tra Weimar e Vienna. Amministrazione e teoria giuridica nel primo dopoguerra» (Giuffrè, 1987), «L’amministrazione illuminata. Riforma delle comunità e progetti di costituzione nella Toscana leopoldina» (Giuffrè, 1991), «Storia del diritto amministrativo» (con L. Mannori, Laterza, 2013).

More information: https://www.mulino.it/isbn/9788815287427#

09 September 2020

BOOK: Marco ODELLO and Piotr LUBINSKI, eds., The Concept of Genocide in International Criminal Law Developments after Lemkin (London: Routledge, 2020). ISBN 9780367858193, 120.00 GBP

 

(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing a new book on the history of the concept of genocide.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book presents a review of historical and emerging legal issues that concern the interpretation of the international crime of genocide.

The Polish legal expert Raphael Lemkin formulated the concept of genocide during the Nazi occupation of Europe, and it was then incorporated into the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This volume looks at the issues that are raised both by the existing international law definition of genocide and by the possible developments that continue to emerge under international criminal law. The authors consider how the concept of genocide might be used in different contexts, and see whether the definition in the 1948 convention may need some revision, also in the light of the original ideas that were expressed by Lemkin. The book focuses on specific themes that allow the reader to understand some of the problems related to the legal definition of genocide, in the context of historical and recent developments.

As a valuable contribution to the debate on the significance, meaning and application of the crime of genocide the book will be essential reading for students and academics working in the areas of Legal History, International Criminal Law, Human Rights, and Genocide Studies.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Marco Odello, PhD (Madrid), LLM (Nottingham), LLB (Rome), is Reader in Law at Aberystwyth University.

Piotr Łubiński, PhD, is Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Security and Civic Education, Pedagogical University, Krakow, Poland.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction (Marco Odello & Piotr Łubiński, eds);

PART I Theoretical and Historical Framework

    1. Agnieszka Bieńczyk-Missala, Rafał Lemkin’s Concept of Genocide vs. the Genocide Convention;
    2. Olga Wasiuta, Crime of genocide in Ukraine (1932-1933);
    3. Hanna Schieve, Kingpins of Contention: Local-level Dynamics of Mobilization in the Rwandan Genocide;

PART II International and National Legal Dimensions;

    1. Tamas Hoffmann, The crime of genocide in its (nearly) infinite domestic variety;
    2. Kamil Boczek - Responsibility of members of the government and other public officials pursuant to Article IV of the 1948 UN Convention on the Protection and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide;
    3. Łukasz Dawid Dąbrowski, Transnational Corporations’ Liability for Genocide under International Law;

PART III Challenges and New Developments;

    1. Ruth Amir, Probing the Boundaries of the Genocide Convention: Children as a Protected Group;
    2. Michala Chadimova, Interaction between Genocide and Superior Responsibility - Conviction for a Special Intent Crime without Proving Special Intent!?;
    3. Milena Ingelevič-Citak & Marcin Marcinko, "Kill Them All and Let God Sort Them Out" or Why Religiously Motivated Terrorism Should Not Be Confused with the Crime of Genocide
    4. Tamas Adany, Blurring the Distinction between Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide;
    5. Marco Odello, Genocide and Culture: Revisiting their Relationship 70 years after the Genocide Convention;
    6. Piotr Łubiński, Social Media Incitement to Genocide – ECHR countries perspective;

 

 

More info here

08 September 2020

BOOK: Yves-Marie BERCÉ, Archives des gens simples (Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2020), 254 p. ISBN 9782753580220, € 32

 

(image source: PUR)

Abstract:
L’histoire sociale doit souvent inventer des cheminements à la découverte de vies disparues. Des pièces d’archives méprisées à l’ordinaire recèlent peut-être des bribes du passé de personnes nées et mortes obscurément, ayant vécu aux frontières de la misère et de l’illettrisme, condamnées au silence de l’histoire. La Société des amis des archives de France, dans ses rôles d’auxiliaire des institutions de conservation et d’alliée des historiens, se doit d’attirer l’attention sur des sources et des fonds d’archives que leur insignifiance apparente pourrait faire négliger.

See table of contents here

(source: Presses universitaires de Rennes)

ARTICLE: Thomas DUVE, "Wie schreibt man eine Geschichte der Globalisierung von Recht?" JuristenZeitung LXXV (2020) / Heft 15-16, S. 757-766


(image source: Mohr Siebeck)

Abstract:
Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über Globalrechtsgeschichte und deren Methoden. Er skizziert Traditionen und Pfadabhängigkeiten der Historiographie und Berührungspunkte zwischen Imperien-, Global- und Globalrechtsgeschichte. Er arbeitet einige zentrale Methodenprobleme einer Geschichte der Globalisierung von Recht heraus und weist auf das Potenzial einer wissensgeschichtlichen Perspektive für die rechtswissenschaftliche Grundlagenforschung hin
Read further: DOI 10.1628/jz-2020-0256.

BOOK: John M. KANG, Oliver Wendell Holmes and Fixations of Manliness (London: Routledge, 2020). ISBN 9780367593292, 36.99 GBP

 

(Source: Routledge)

Routledge has published a new book on Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. has been, and continues to be, praised as America’s greatest judge and he is widely considered to have done more than anyone else to breathe life into the Constitution’s right of free speech, probably the most crucial right for democracy. One indeed finds among professors of constitutional law and federal judges the widespread belief that the scope of the First Amendment owes much of its incredible expansion over the last sixty years to Holmes’s judicial dissents in Abrams and Gitlow.

In this book, John M. Kang offers the novel thesis that Holmes’s dissenting opinions in Abrams and Gitlow drew in part from a normative worldview structured by an idiosyncratic manliness, a manliness which was itself rooted in physical courage. In making this argument, Kang seeks to show how Holmes’s justification for the right of speech was a bid to proffer a philosophical commentary about the demands of democracy.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

John M. Kang is Professor of Law at St Thomas University, USA. He has published on constitutional law and masculinity.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface

Chapter One: The Father and the Hero

Chapter Two: A Collegiate Manliness

Chapter Three: Reasons for Fighting in the War

Chapter Four: The Experience of War: "A Splendid Carelessness for Life"

Chapter Five: Faith through Fire

Chapter Six: The Famous Cases: Abrams and Gitlow

Chapter 7: Holmes’s Change of Mind

Chapter 8: Gender and Citizenship

Conclusion

Index

 

More info here

07 September 2020

NEWS: Appointment Professor Marietta Auer as new director Max Planck Institute for European Legal History


(Source: MPI for European Legal History)


We learned that Professor Marietta Auer has been appointed as the new director of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt. Here the press release from the MPI:

The Institute is pleased to announce that Marietta Auer has accepted the Max Planck Society's offer to become a scientific member and director of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History. Marietta Auer's appointment means that a further full-fledged department with a focus on legal theory will be established at the Institute, complementing the two existing departments dedicated to ‘European and comparative legal history’ (Department I, S. Vogenauer) and ‘Historical Regimes of Normativity’ (Department II, T. Duve). Marietta Auer is expected to take up her work in Frankfurt September, 1st, 2020.

Marietta Auer (1972) completed both legal examinations at the University of Munich. There she also earned her doctorate in law and was later habilitated — both under the supervision of Claus Wilhelm Canaris. Prof. Auer also had two longer stays at Harvard Law School, where she received her LLM in 2000 and her SJD in 2012. In addition to her legal studies, she has an MA in philosophy and sociology (Munich). After her habilitation in 2012, she received a professorship at the University of Giessen. There she has held the chair for private law and philosophy of law since 2013 and has served as dean since 2016. Her research focuses on private law and legal theory.

The directors, researchers and staff are all pleased about this strengthening of fundamental legal research within the Max Planck Society and the intellectual and institutional growth connected with Marietta Auer's appointment!

Thomas Duve, Stefan Vogenauer

BOOK: Andreas FICKERS and Gabriele BALBI, eds., History of the International Telecommunication Union (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2020). ISBN 978-3-11-066960-2, 77.95 EUR

 

(Source: De Gruyter)

De Gruyter has published a book on the history of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book focuses on the history of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), from its origins in the mid-19th century to nowadays. ITU was the first international organization ever and still plays a crucial role in managing global telecommunications today. Putting together some of the most relevant scholars in the field of transnational communications, the book covers the history of ITU from 1865 to digital times in a truly global perspective, taking into account several technologies like the telegraph, the telephone, cables, wireless, radio, television, satellites, mobile phone, the internet and others. The main goal is to identify the long-term strategies of regulation and the techno-diplomatic manoeuvres taken inside ITU, from convincing the majority of the nations to establish the official seat of the Telegraph Union bureau in Switzerland in the 1860s, to contrasting the multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance (supported by US and ICANN).

History of the International Telecommunication Union is a trans-disciplinary text and can be interesting for scholars and students in the fields of telecommunications, media, international organizations, transnational communication, diplomacy, political economy of communication, STS, and others. It has the ambition to become a reference point in the history of ITU and, at the same time, just the fi rst comprehensive step towards a longer, inter-technological, political and cultural history of transnational communications to be written in the future.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Gabriele Balbi, USI, Università della Svizzera italiana

Andreas Fickers, University of Luxembourg

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Gabriele Balbi and Andreas Fickers Introduction: The ITU as Actor, Arena, and Antenna of Techno-Diplomacy 1

Part I ITU as a Global Actor in the History of Telecommunications Marsha Siefert 1 The Russian Empire and the International Telegraph Union, 1856– 1875 15 Andrea Giuntini 2 ITU, Submarine Cables and African Colonies, 1850s–1900s 37 Richard R. John 3 When Techno-Diplomacy Failed: Walter S. Rogers, the Universal Electrical Communications Union, and the Limitations of the International Telegraph Union as a Global Actor in the 1920s 55 Christiane Berth 4 ITU, the Development Debate, and Technical Cooperation in the Global South, 1950–1992 77 Gianluigi Negro 5 The Rising Role of China in the Promotion of Multilateral Internet Governance, 1994–2014 107 Dwayne Winseck 6 Is the International Telecommunication Union Still Relevant in “the Internet Age?” Lessons From the 2012 World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT) 135

Part II ITU as an Arena of Techno-Diplomatic Negotiations for Emerging Technologies Simone Fari 7 Telegraphic Diplomacy From the Origins to the Formative Years of the ITU, 1849–1875 169 Maria Rikitianskaia 8 The International Radiotelegraph Union Over the Course of World War I, 1912–1927 191 Christian Henrich-Franke and Léonard Laborie 9 Technology Taking Over Diplomacy? The ‘Comité Consultatif International (for) Fernschreiben’ (CCIF) and Its Relationship to the ITU in the Early History of Telephone Standardization, 1923– 1947 215 Heidi Tworek 10 A Union of Nations or Administrations? Voting Rights, Representation, and Sovereignty at the International Telecommunication Union in the 1930s 243 Anne-Katrin Weber, Roxane Gray, Marie Sandoz, with the collaboration of Adrian Stecher 11 ITU Exhibitions in Switzerland: Displaying the “Big Family of Telecommunications,” 1960s–1970s 265 Nina Wormbs and Lisa Ruth Rand 12 Techno-Diplomacy of the Planetary Periphery, 1960s–1970s 297 Valérie Schafer 13 The ITU Facing the Emergence of the Internet, 1960s–Early 2000s 321 Index 345

 

More info here

SEMINAR SERIES: Seminari di storia del diritto e del pensiero giuridico, autunno 2020, Università degli Studi di Padova - On Zoom

 Foto

(Source: Storia del diritto medievale e moderna)

04 September 2020

ARTICLE: Gavin DALY, 'Anglo-French Sieges, the Laws of War, and the Limits of Enmity in the Peninsular War, 1808–1814' (English Historical Review)

  

(image source: OUP)

Abstract:

The many sieges of the Napoleonic Wars remain a relatively neglected area of historical study, especially in the context of the history of customary laws of war, where sieges played a central role. This article explores an important but largely forgotten episode in the infamous British storm and sack of the French-held Spanish towns of Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz and San Sebastián during the Peninsular War: mercy to the French garrisons, who, in obstinately defending against storming parties, had forfeited their protective rights under prevailing laws of war. Combining military, legal and cultural history, and drawing upon British soldiers’ letters, diaries and memoirs, the article focuses on three interrelated issues: siege capitulation and surrender rituals, attitudes to obstinate defences, and British mercy to the French garrisons. The article highlights sieges as a privileged site for examining laws of war, cultures of war, and moral sensibilities. In doing so, it sheds further light on historical debates about changes and continuities in practices and cultures of war over the long eighteenth century. There has been considerable recent interest in the history of atrocity, massacre and enmity during the French Revolutionary–Napoleonic Wars. Yet the Anglo-French case-studies examined here highlight the persistence of restraint, honour codes, civility and humanity between regular soldiers, even in the seemingly most barbarous of wartime theatres, and despite laws of war that sanctioned violence in these very circumstances.

Read more here (DOI 10.1093/ehr/ceaa190)

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

BOOK: Bonnie CLEMENTSSON, Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940 A History of Forbidden Relations (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020). ISBN 978-9-1984-6992-9, 25.00 GBP



Manchester University Press is publishing a book on the legal history of incest in Sweden.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In early modern Sweden, if a man and his deceased wife´s sister were found guilty of engaging in sexual intercourse they would be sentenced to death by beheading. Today the same relationship is not even illegal. Covering the period 1680-1940, this book analyses both incest crimes and applications for dispensation to marry, revealing the norms underpinning Swedish society's shifting attitudes to incestuous relations and comparing them with developments in other European countries. It demonstrates that, even though the debate on incest has been dominated by religious, moral, and - in due course - medical notions, the values that actually determined the outcome of incest cases were frequently of quite a different character.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Bonnie Clementsson is a researcher at Lund University

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
1 Background and context
2 Incest: a religious crime, 1680-1750
3 Incest: a moral crime, 1750-1840
4 Incest: a crime of violence, 1840-1940
The phenomenon of incest in Sweden over 250 years: a summary discussion
Index

More info here

03 September 2020

BOOK: Javaid HAYAT, Azad Jammu & Kashmir : Polity, Politics and Power-Sharing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020). ISBN 9780199408054, 20.00 USD

 

(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press has published a book on the status and sovereignty of Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK) by using a historical and constitutional perspective.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Azad Jammu & Kashmir: Polity, Politics, and Power-Sharing explores the opportunities and pitfalls of establishing democracy and legitimate governance in territories with disputed status, especially where governance systems are fragile and the process of democratization is hindered due to socio-political fault-lines. Apart from probing the decolonisation process in the Indian subcontinent and its subsequent implications, the analyses in this study, adds clarity to our understanding of the status and sovereignty of Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK) by using a historical and constitutional perspective; for this purpose, it investigates political and constitutional evolution since 1947. It examines contemporary power-sharing theories and alternatives for the establishment of an autonomous governance structure in order to proceed towards meaningful conflict-management and hence a stable democracy in deeply divided societies, with particular focus on AJK. Javaid Hayat has identified innovative pathways amongst nexuses of sovereignty, autonomy, and democratic governance and has persuasively argued for an alternative model through recognition of internal right to self-determination for building veritable autonomous democratic governance structure in the disputed territory of AJK until an opportunity presents itself for an external right to self-determination as provided to the people of the erstwhile state of J&K, which was promised by the UN and agreed to, by both India and Pakistan.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr Javaid Hayat is a 'Pracademic' whose career journey has taken him from public to non-profit sector in Asia, Europe, and North America where he has worked with national and international NGOs in various capacities. He is a peace researcher and political scientist. He earned his PhD in Political Science from Freie Universitate, Germany in 2014. He holds two Masters degrees in Peace, Conflict, and Development Studies from Universitate Jaume-I, Spain, and Mass Communication from University of the Punjab, Pakistan. He has graduated in Non-profit Management from Mount Royal University and Career and Academic Advising from University of Calgary, Canada. He received the prestigious George Zundel fellowship from the Berghof Foundation, Germany (20092013). Born in Peshawar and raised in Punjab, Pakistan, Dr Hayat originally hails from Azad Jammu & Kashmir. He has in-depth understanding of the regions history, people, and politics.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Author's Disclaimer

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

1. Setting the Context

2. Emergence, Status, and Legitimacy of AJK: Does Democracy Need Sovereignty

3. Azad Jammu & Kashmir: Historical, Constitutional, and Political Perspectives

4. Power-Sharing: A Conceptual and Theoretical Reflection

5. Building Autonomous and Democratic Governance in AJK: Recognition of Internal Self-determination

6. Conclusion

Notes

References

Annexures

A. Text of Treaty of Amritsar, 16 March 1846

B. Text of State Subject Definition, 1927

C. Text of Declaration of Independence, 24 October 1947

D. Text of UNCIP Resolution, 1948

E. Text of UNCIP Resolution, 1949

F. Karachi Agreement, 1949 between AJK and Pakistan

G. Text of Ceasefire Agreement, 1949 00

H. Text of Instrument of Accession, 26 October 1947

Index

 

More info here

02 September 2020

BOOK: Werner DAUM (Hg., mit Peter BRANDT, Martin KIRSCH & Arthur SCHLEGELMILCH), Handbuch der europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 19. Jahrhundert. Rechtspraxis und Institutionen im Wandel. Band 3: 1848-1870 (Bonn: Dietz, 2020), 1536 p. 978-3-8012-4142-1, € 198

 

(image source: Dietz)

Abstract:
Der vorliegende Band 3 setzt die vorangegangene Betrachtung der verfassungsgeschichtlichen Entwicklung Europas im 19. Jahrhundert fort: Die 28 Länderartikel eröffnen dank ihres einheitlichen Gliederungsschemas einen vergleichenden Zugang zur europäischen Verfassungsentwicklung 1848–1870. In ihrer ausführlichen Einleitung legen die Herausgeber mit einer vergleichenden Synthese der Länderbeiträge die Grundlage für künftige komparatistische Forschungen. Der Band setzt mit der großen europäischen Revolutionswelle von 1848/49 ein und veranschaulicht bis 1870 die weitere Ausgestaltung des spannungsreichen Verhältnisses zwischen mehrheitlich monarchisch geprägter Staatsspitze und nach politischer Partizipation drängender Bürger- und Arbeiterschaft. Auf der Grundlage eines breiten Verfassungsbegriffs, der formale und materielle Verfassungsaspekte sowie ihre faktische Ausprägung umfasst, decken die 28 einheitlich gegliederten Länderbeiträge das gesamte geografische Europa einschließlich Russlands und des Osmanischen Reiches ab.

Source: Dietz


BOOK: Yunsheng LIU, The History of the Contractual Thoughts in Ancient China (Cham: Springer, 2020). ISBN 978-981-15-5767-5, EUR 106.99


(Source: Springer)

Springer is publishing a history of contractual thought in ancient China.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book explores the intellectual history of contract law in ancient China by employing archaeological and empirical methodologies. Divided into five chapters, it begins by reviewing the origin of the contract in ancient China, and analyzing its name, primary form, historical premise and functions. The second chapter discusses free will and lawfulness in the establishment of a contract, offering insights into the impact of contracts on social justice. In turn, the third chapter addresses the inner core of the contract: validity and liability. This allows readers at all levels to identify the similarities and differences between contracts from different eras and different parts of the world, which will also benefit those pursuing comparative research in related fields. Chapters four and five offer a philosophical exploration of contract history in ancient China, and analyze key aspects including human nature and ethical justice.

More info here

01 September 2020

BOOK: Philipp SIEGERT, Staatshaftung im Ausnahmezustand. Doktrin und Rechtspraxis im Deutschen Reich und Frankreich, 1914–1919 [Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte; 322] (Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 2020), XIV + 348 p. ISBN 978-3-465-04400-0, € 89

 

(image source: Klostermann)

Abstract:

The First World War represented the 'primordial experience' of the modern constitutional state with the state of emergency. Guided by the question of the legal responsibility of the state under such circumstances, this comparative study examines state liability law in Germany and France between 1914 and 1918. Categories of 'legitimate' and 'illegitimate' state action that were missing or even contradicted each other in pre-war international law were sanctioned by the peace treaties. Despite further turning points in the 20th century, the basic elements of today's international order can be traced back to decisions made in 1919. This applies in particular to the responsibility of states under international law, which is elaborated against the background of the liability law of both countries concerning destruction, expropriation and economic war measures.

(source: Klostermann

BOOK: Frank SCHORKOPF, Der europäische Weg - Geschichte und Gegenwart der europäischen Union, 3rd ed. (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2020). ISBN 978-3-16-159600-1, 22.00 EUR

 

(Source: Mohr Siebeck)

Mohr Siebeck is publishing a new edition of Professor Frank Schorkopf’s monograph on the history of the European Union.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Published in German.

Frank Schorkopf succinctly describes the lead-up to European integration and paves the way to a better knowledge and understanding of its ideational, political, and legal contexts. This substantially revised third edition has also been extended to include current aspects of the integration process.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Frank Schorkopf Geboren 1970; Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Hamburg und London; 1999 Promotion; 2007 Habilitation; Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Öffentliches Recht und Europarecht der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen und ordentliches Mitglied der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen.

 

More info here

31 August 2020

BOOK: Arthur BENZ, Stephan BRÖCHLER & Hans-Joachim LAUTH (Hg.), Handbuch der europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 20. Jahrhundert. Institutionen und Rechtspraxis im gesellschaftlichen Wandel. Band 5: Seit 1989 (Bonn: Dietz, 2020), 1752 p. ISBN 9783801242510, € 210

(image source: Dietz)

Abstract:
Der vorliegende Band 5 bildet den Abschluss der Handbuchreihe zur Verfassungsgeschichte im 20. Jahrhundert. Beginnend mit den Umwälzungen von 1989/90 veranschaulicht er bis in die 2010er-Jahre hinein das Spannungs- und Wechselverhältnis zwischen der einzelstaatlichen Verfassungsentwicklung sowie der Ausbildung einer supranationalen Verfassungsebene. Die Herausgeber betrachten neben formalen und materiellen Aspekten auch die faktische Ausprägung der Verfassungen. Die 48 Länderbeiträge decken das gesamte geografische Europa einschließlich Russlands, der zentralasiatischen Nachfolgestaaten der Sowjetunion, der Türkei und der EU-Institutionen ab. Dabei eröffnet das einheitliche Gliederungsschema einen vergleichenden Zugang zur europäischen Verfassungsentwicklung seit der Wiedervereinigung Deutschlands und legt somit den Grundstein für künftige komparatistische Forschungen.

More information with the publisher


 

BOOK: Robert B ZOELLICK, America in the World: A History of U.S. Diplomacy and Foreign Policy (New York: Twelve, 2020). ISBN 978-1538761304, £20.72

 

(Source: Amazon)

Twelve Press is publishing a book on the history of US diplomacy and foreign policy.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Recounting the actors and events of U.S. foreign policy, Zoellick identifies five traditions that have emerged from America's encounters with the world: the importance of North America; the special roles trading, transnational, and technological relations play in defining ties with others; changing attitudes toward alliances and ways of ordering connections among states; the need for public support, especially through Congress; and the belief that American policy should serve a larger purpose. These traditions frame a closing review of post-Cold War presidencies, which Zoellick foresees serving as guideposts for the future.

 

More info here

BLOGPOST: Simon BURROWS & Glenn ROE, "Digitizing the Enlightenment" (Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment)

(image: Mme du Deffand; source: Wikimedia Commons)

First paragraph:

Simon Burrows and Glenn Roe are the editors of the July volume in the Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment series, Digitizing Enlightenment: Digital Humanities and the Transformation of Eighteenth-Century Studies, which is the first book length survey of the impact of digital humanities on our understanding of a key historical period and paradigm. In this blog post, they explore how Digitizing Enlightenment began and developed, and how various datasets and projects have helped scholars to shed new light on the Enlightenment period.

(read more here

BOOK: Donald S. PRUDLO, A Companion to Heresy Inquisitions (Leiden: Brill, 2019). ISBN: 9789004360907, €198.00

Cover A Companion to Heresy Inquisitions
(Source: Brill)

ABOUT THE BOOK

Series: Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition, Volume: 85

Inquisitions of heresy have long fascinated both specialists and non-specialists. A Companion to Heresy Inquisitions presents a synthesis of the immense amount of scholarship generated about these institutions in recent years. The volume offers an overview of many of the most significant areas of heresy inquisitions, both medieval and early modern. The essays in this collection are intended to introduce the reader to disagreements and advances in the field, as well as providing a navigational aid to the wide variety of recent discoveries and controversies in studies of heresy inquisitions. 

Contributors: Christine Ames, Feberico Barbierato, Elena Bonora, Lúcia Helena Costigan, Michael Frassetto, Henry Ansgar Kelly, Helen Rawlings, Lucy Sackville, Werner Thomas, and Robin Vose

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Donald S. Prudlo, Ph.D. (2004), University of Virginia, is Professor of Medieval History at Jacksonville State University. He has published works on inquisitions, saints and sainthood, and Church history, most recently Certain Sainthood (Cornell, 2016).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements 
Notes on Contributors 
 Introduction 
  Donald S. Prudlo 

Part 1- Origins of Inquisitions of Heretical Depravity
 1. The Spiritual Foundations of Christian Heresy Inquisitions 
  Christine Caldwell Ames 
 2. Precursors to Religious Inquisitions: Anti-Heretical efforts to 1184 
  Michael Frassetto 

Part 2 - Medieval Inquisitions
 3. The Fourth Lateran Ordo of Inquisition Adapted to the Prosecution of Heresy 
  Henry Ansgar Kelly 
 4. The Church’s Institutional Response to Heresy in the 13th Century 
  Lucy Sackville 
 5. Heresy Inquisitions in the Later Middle Ages 
  Robin Vose 

Part 3 - The Iberian Inquisitions
 6. The Spanish Inquisition and the Converso Challenge ( c.1480–1525): A Question of Race, Religion or Socio-Political Ascendancy? 
  Helen Rawlings 
 7. The Metamorphosis of the Spanish Inquisition, 1520–1648 
  Werner Thomas 
 8. The Rise of the Modern Inquisition in Portugal and Brazil, and the Transformation of Jews and New Christians into Heretics 
  Lúcia Helena Costigan 

Part 4 : The Italian Inquisitions
 9. The Takeover of the Roman Inquisition 
  Elena Bonora 
 10. Politics, Diplomacy and Religious Dissent. The Activity of the Inquisition in Early Modern Venice 
  Federico Barbierato 

 Bibliography 
 Index 

More information available here.

BOOK: Marvin MESSINETTI, Diritto e schiavitù. Il paradigma dell'uomo merce nel secolo XVIII tra Regno di Napoli e colonie spagnole (Napoli: Editoriale Scientifica, 2020). ISBN: 9788893917551, pp. 168, € 14,00


ABOUT THE BOOK

Collana: IusRegni. Collana di Storia del diritto medievale, moderno e contemporaneo

Il volume esamina la fisionomia e la disciplina della schiavitù nel corso del XVIII secolo evidenziando le diverse declinazioni che tale istituto assunse. La schiavitù legata al fenomeno della tratta per foraggiare l’economia da piantagione nelle colonie d’oltreoceano, da una parte, e le c.d. schiavitù mediterranee, dall’altra, vengono qui analizzate attraverso un esame sincronico delle scelte politico-normative che caratterizzarono rispettivamente le colonie spagnole dell’Atlantico e il Regno di Napoli. Lo studio, che si avvale di documenti inediti rinvenuti presso l’Archivio General de Indias di Siviglia, ricostruisce anche il dibattito illuministico sul tema della schiavitù, soffermandosi sulle posizioni volte a giustificare o negare la legittimità del traffico e dello sfruttamento degli uomini-merce.

 ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Marvin Messinetti è assegnista di ricerca, nonché docente a contratto di Storia del diritto europeo presso l’Università degli studi di Camerino.


More information with the publisher.

28 August 2020

DATABASE: Konkurshistorische Datenbank Deutsches Kaiserreich (1879–1914) (Universität Mannheim/Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim) (OPEN ACCESS)

 

(image source: Universität Mannheim)

Introduction:

Die vorliegende Datenbank verzeichnet gegenwärtig 55.197 Konkursverfahren aus der Zeit des Deutschen Kaiserreichs. Sie umfasst den Zeitraum vom 1. Oktober 1879 bis zum 31. Juli 1914 (Inkrafttreten der Reichskonkursordnung bis Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs). Enthalten sind die Konkurse ausgewählter Gerichtsbezirke, darunter die 15 bevölkerungsreichsten Städte zum Stichjahr 1895 (Berlin, Breslau, Chemnitz, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Hamburg, Hannover, Köln, Königsberg, Magdeburg, München, Nürnberg, Leipzig, Stuttgart), außerdem die Hansestädte Bremen und Lübeck, die Städte Dortmund, Duisburg und Essen sowie sämtliche Amtsgerichtsbezirke im Bereich der Landgerichte Königsberg (Allenburg, Fischhausen, Königsberg, Labiau, Mehlauken, Pillau, Tapiau, Wehlau), Mannheim (Mannheim, Schwetzingen, Weinheim) und Straßburg (Benfeld, Bischweiler, Brumath, Erstein, Hagenau, Hochfelden, Illkirch, Lauterburg, Niederbronn, Schiltigheim, Straßburg, Sulz unterm Wald, Truchtersheim, Weißenburg, Wörth an der Sauer). Insgesamt befinden sich aus dem genannten Zeitraum ca. 22 % aller Konkursverfahren, die im Deutschen Reich eröffnet wurden, in der Datenbank. Die Datenbank folgt den Grundsätzen Offener Wissenschaft (Open Science). Die Daten sind über diese Internetseite auf verschiedene Arten frei nutzbar (zur Lizenz). Das Datenmaterial ist mit der Digitalausgabe des Quellenwerks verknüpft, sodass die Entstehung des Datensatzes nachvollzogen und überprüft werden kann. Außerdem sind an dieser Stelle weitere Informationen zur wissenschaftlichen Nutzung der Datenbank verzeichnet.

(read more here