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15 October 2019

COLLOQUIUM: Imperialiter. L'eschatologie impériale du souverain (Paris, 16-18 October 2019)



We learned of a colloqium at the Collège de France on “l'eschatologie impériale du souverain”.

L’histoire des Empires connaît un engouement récent qui a fait émerger un champ spécifique, « l’impériologie ». En revanche, la question de l’« impérialité », c’est-à-dire de l’Empire comme horizon des possibles, n’a pas bénéficié d’une approche complète. Or, comme l’ont montré de récentes études, le succès de l’idéologie impériale se mesure aussi à sa marque dans des monarchies non impériales (France, Sicile, Angleterre, Castille, États pontificaux...). Le programme Imperialiter (2017-2021) vise ainsi à mener de manière exhaustive l’analyse des réappropriations de l’Empire au Moyen Âge et à l’époque moderne par le biais de rencontres scientifiques régulières. 

Quatre d'entre elles se sont tenues successivement à Rome (deux rencontres, en octobre 2017), Oxford (juin 2018), Madrid (octobre 2019). Le colloque accueilli au Collège de France est donc le cinquième de la série. Le thème de « l'eschatologie impériale du souverain » que ce colloque explore s'est dégagé lors des précédentes journées, qui ont mis en lumière dans les discours, les représentations, les modèles associés aux rois impérialisants, l’importance du thème de l’eschatologie et de ses diverses manifestations (le messianisme, le prophétisme, la croisade et la libération des villes saintes, l'Antéchrist, le « roi des trois religions »), lesquelles permettent au souverain d’amplifier les manifestations de sa souveraineté par l’association de traits qui le lient à la seconde Parousie, celle, définitive, du retour du Christ (modèle royal par excellence) qui abrogera toute souveraineté terrestre et impériale.

More info, including the full program, can be found here

CALL FOR PAPERS: Space and Governance: Towards a New Topography of Roman Administration (Rome, 3-4 April 2020) (DEADLINE: 1 December 2019)





We learned of a call for papers on the topography of power in Republican and Imperial Rome. Here the call:

Call for pa­pers

The purpose of the conference is to explore the transformation of public space and administrative activities in Republican and Imperial Rome through an interdisciplinary exploration of the topography of power. The emergence of the Roman Republic produced a reorganization of the administrative structures, leading to the emergence of various entities and institutions responsible for organization and governance of Rome, its civic life and public spaces. In different ways, this spatial model was exported to the colonies with the expansion of the Republic. Throughout the Roman world, building projects created spaces, the topography of the city, for different civic purposes: for the meetings of assemblies, senate meetings, the administration of justice, the public treasury, and the management of the city through different magistracies, offices and even archives. These administrative spaces –open and closed– characterized the Roman life throughout the Republic and High Empire, until the profound administrative and judicial transformations of the Dominate. This conference aims to study the public and private spaces related to administration through the urban development, the existing interrelation between the different administrative bodies, the analysis of the architecture of the spaces already discovered and the study of the written sources. We will try to find an answer to the dilemmas such as where did the administration work? Were there offices and where were they located? Were there social class differences between the different levels of administration?
Themes:

•    Urban development and dynamics related to the expansion of the administration
•    New discoveries on the institutions and spaces of Roman administration
•    Architecture of spaces for public meetings and trials: Assemblies, Senate, courtrooms, basilicas
•    Private spaces in the administration: Residences of magistrates and the elite
•    Magistracies, offices and archives
•    Epigraphy related to the Roman administration
•    Development of institutions between early Republic and Late Antiquity
•    New methodologies in Roman topography
•    Gender, intersectionality and public space

Keynote speakers: Paolo Liverani (Università degli Studi di Firenze), Elena Isayev (University of Exeter) and Pier Luigi Tucci (Johns Hopkins University).

The conference is organized by the ERC-funded project Law, Governance and Space: Questioning the Foundations of the Republican Tradition (SpaceLaw), based at the University of Helsinki. There is no conference fee. The organizers are unfortunately unable to aid in either travel or accommodation arrangements or the cost of travel or accommodation.

Abstracts should be 300 words maximum, for 20-minute papers to be delivered in English. Abstracts should be sent to lawgovernanceandspace@gmail.comThe deadline for abstracts is 1 December 2019.

Questions may be sent to Antonio Lopez Garcia (antonio.lopezgarcia@helsinki.fi).

More info with the University of Helsinki

BOOK: Dan PORAT, Bitter Reckoning Israel Tries Holocaust Survivors as Nazi Collaborators (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780674988149, €27.00


(Source: HUP)

Harvard University Press has published a new book on the kapo trials in Israeli legal history.  

ABOUT THE BOOK

Beginning in 1950, the state of Israel prosecuted and jailed dozens of Holocaust survivors who had served as camp kapos or ghetto police under the Nazis. At last comes the first full account of the kapo trials, based on records newly declassified after forty years.

In December 1945, a Polish-born commuter on a Tel Aviv bus recognized a fellow rider as the former head of a town council the Nazis had established to manage the Jews. When he denounced the man as a collaborator, the rider leapt off the bus, pursued by passengers intent on beating him to death. Five years later, to address ongoing tensions within Holocaust survivor communities, the State of Israel instituted the criminal prosecution of Jews who had served as ghetto administrators or kapos in concentration camps.

Dan Porat brings to light more than three dozen little-known trials, held over the following two decades, of survivors charged with Nazi collaboration. Scouring police investigation files and trial records, he found accounts of Jewish policemen and camp functionaries who harassed, beat, robbed, and even murdered their brethren. But as the trials exposed the tragic experiences of the kapos, over time the courts and the public shifted from seeing them as evil collaborators to victims themselves, and the fervor to prosecute them abated.

Porat shows how these trials changed Israel’s understanding of the Holocaust and explores how the suppression of the trial records—long classified by the state—affected history and memory. Sensitive to the devastating options confronting those who chose to collaborate, yet rigorous in its analysis, Bitter Reckoning invites us to rethink our ideas of complicity and justice and to consider what it means to be a victim in extraordinary circumstances.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dan Porat is the author of The Boy: A Holocaust Story, which the New York Times called “a gripping, harrowing Holocaust story” and Elie Wiesel praised as “a poignant and riveting investigation.” Porat is a teacher and researcher at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
1. From Revenge to Retribution in Post-Nazi Europe
2. Tensions among Survivors in Mandatory Palestine
3. The Nazis and Nazi Collaborators Punishment Law
4. Preliminary Court Examinations
5. Weighing the Actions of Jewish Collaborators
6. Can a Jewish Kapo Commit a Crime against Humanity?
7. The First Doubts about the Kapo Trials
8. Judging a Nazi and Reframing Collaboration
9. Absolving Ordinary Functionaries
Epilogue
Notes
Acknowledgments
Illustration Credits
Index

More info here

BOOK: Rande W. KOSTAL, Laying Down the Law : The American Legal Revolutions in Occupied Germany and Japan (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780674052413, €49.50


(Source: HUP)

Harvard University Press has published a new book on the legal transformation of Occupied Japan and Germany.

ABOUT THE BOOK

A legal historian opens a window on the monumental postwar effort to remake fascist Germany and Japan into liberal rule-of-law nations, shedding new light on the limits of America’s ability to impose democracy on defeated countries.

Following victory in World War II, American leaders devised an extraordinarily bold policy for the occupations of Nazi Germany and imperial Japan: to achieve their permanent demilitarization by compelled democratization. A quintessentially American feature of this policy was the replacement of fascist legal orders with liberal rule-of-law regimes.

In his comparative investigation of these epic reform projects, noted legal historian R. W. Kostal shows that Americans found it easier to initiate the reconstruction of foreign legal orders than to complete the process. While American agencies made significant inroads in the elimination of fascist public law in Germany and Japan, they were markedly less successful in generating allegiance to liberal legal ideas and institutions.

Drawing on rich archival sources, Kostal probes how legal-reconstructive successes were impeded by German and Japanese resistance on one side, and by the glaring deficiencies of American theory, planning, and administration on the other. Kostal argues that the manifest failings of America’s own rule-of-law democracy weakened U.S. credibility and resolve in bringing liberal democracy to occupied Germany and Japan.

In Laying Down the Law, Kostal tells a dramatic story of the United States as an ambiguous force for moral authority in the Cold War international system, making a major contribution to American and global history of the rule of law.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

R. W. Kostal is Professor in the Faculty of Law at Western University, Ontario, and author of Law and English Railway Capitalism, 1825–1875, and A Jurisprudence of Power: Victorian Empire and the Rule of Law.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: Laying Down the Law in Occupied Germany and Japan
1. The “Destruction of Philosophies”: Planning the Legal Reconstruction of Germany and Japan
2. Occupying the Legal Other: The Subjugation of the German and Japanese Legal Systems
3. Captive Constitutions: Remaking Constitutional Law in Occupied Germany and Japan
4. Crafting Liberal Courts: Reconstituting the German and Japanese Judiciaries
5. Clearing the Spiritual Rubble: Reforming Criminal Justice in Occupied Germany and Japan
6. Twilight of the Gods: The Rise and Fall of Civil Liberties in Occupied Germany and Japan
Conclusion: Laying Down the Law: Americans as Legal Revolutionaries
Abbreviations
Notes
Acknowledgments
Index

More information here

14 October 2019

CALL FOR PAPERS: Law and Policy in European Integration (1960s-1990s) (Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, 9-10 June 2020) (DEADLINE: 1 December 2019)



The fourth annual conference of the Research Field ‘Legal History of the European Union’ to be held at the Frankfurt Max Planck Institute on 9 and 10 June 2020, will focus on the relationship between law and policy in European integration from the 1960s to the 1990s.

From its beginnings, European integration involved legal solutions to very concrete policy issues. Since the 1960s, the European Economic Community (EEC) developed policies and set legal rules, for example on agriculture, competition, trade and the internal market. New policies, including fisheries, regional, social, environmental and cultural issues followed in the 1970s and 1980s, while other policies such as transport did not move forward. Policy and rule making intensified and changed further in the 1990s, in the context of Economic and Monetary Union.

European policy making involved the build-up of a growing body of European law on a wide range of policy-relevant issues. This so-called acquis communautaire deeply influenced the law and policies of the member states. At the same time, political scientists and lawyers have highlighted the weakness of actual implementation of EU law. In the face of this contradictory evidence – between formal strength and informal weakness – this conference will take a closer look at how the relationship between law and policy in European integration developed over time. This relationship goes both ways, and raises various questions.

First, how did European law shape European policy making? How did the various Treaty bases and decision making rules and ECJ judgements enable or limit the development of various policies? How did legal doctrines and principles shape the issues of EC/EU law making and the legal instruments chosen? What was the role of lawyers, legal scholarship and expertise in policymaking? How did advocates or opponents of certain policies use the law to influence policy?

Secondly, how did European policy shape European law – through legislation and court cases? How did changing visions of effective policy making, for instance, economic instruments, change the shape of European legislation? How did transfers of policy knowledge and policy principles from international organisations and (member) states change European law?

This call invites contributions that seek to help us better understand the link between European law and policy in a historical perspective. All contributions should at least address one policy area, and should relate to at least one of the questions raised above, making explicit which part of the relation between law and policy (and which direction of this relation) they are most interested in. Topics may include issues of

- Policy making, legal bases and law making
- Policy implementation and the role of law therein
- Policy relevant jurisdiction – ECJ and national courts
- Legal doctrines and policy principles
- Legal expertise and policy expertise
- Transfer of legal and policy knowledge
- Policy advocacy and opposition in legislation and in the courts

The objective of the conference is to enhance our understanding of what integration through law means with a view to European policies. By bringing together case studies from a range of policy areas, we will be able to (1) flag up the varying roles of different actors involved, (2) compare the relations between policy and law across policy areas old and new, and (3) assess change over time, including potential path dependencies. We will thus get a better understanding of why and how European policy, which increasingly influences citizens’ lives, has come to address problems the way it does.

We welcome proposals for contributions of not more than 150 words by 1st December 2019. Please email your proposal and a short CV (100 words) to jmeyer@rg.mpg.de.

Stefan Vogenauer & Jan-Henrik Meyer
Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Hansaallee 41
60323 Frankfurt am Main

More info here

ONLINE TEXT EDITION: The Balliol Glanvill: a draft edition (By Prof. John HUDSON/St Andrews)


First paragraph:
The text here edited is preserved in Oxford, Balliol College MS. 350. It was probably written c. 1200. The main hand has been taken to suggest that this manuscript is unusual as a Glanvill with an ‘official’ origin in the Exchequer, but the hand’s characteristics are in fact not unique to Exchequer scribes. A different hand wrote the prefatory capitula. The presence of these capitula, together with division into books and chapters and the presence of rubricated headings, are characteristics of the so-called beta version of Glanvill, but the text itself is clearly in the alpha tradition; therefore we have what has been called a ‘hybrid’ version.*
Read more here.

BOOK: Emily HASLAM, The Slave Trade, Abolition and the Long History of International Criminal Law The Recaptive and the Victim (London: Routledge, 2019). ISBN 9781138348899, £92.00


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing a new book on the slave trade, abolition, and the link with the history of international criminal law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Modern international criminal law typically traces its origins to the
 20th century Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, excluding the slave trade and abolition.  Yet, as this book shows, the slave trade and abolition resound in international criminal law in multiple ways. Its central focus lies in a close examination of the often-controversial litigation, in the first part of the nineteenth century, arising from British efforts to capture slave ships, much of it before Mixed Commissions.  With archival-based research into this litigation, it explores the legal construction of so-called ‘recaptives’ (slaves found on board captured slave ships). The book argues that, notwithstanding its promise of freedom, the law actually constructed recaptives restrictively. In particular, it focused on questions of intervention rather than recaptives’ rights.  At the same time it shows how a critical reading of the archive reveals that recaptives contributed to litigation in important, but hitherto largely unrecognized, ways. The book is, however, not simply a contribution to the history of international law. Efforts to deliver justice through international criminal law continue to face considerable challenges and raise testing questions about the construction – and alternative construction – of victims. 

By inscribing the recaptive in international criminal legal history, the book offers an original contribution to these contentious issues and a reflection on critical international criminal legal history writing and its accompanying methodological and political choices.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr Emily Haslam is Senior Lecturer in International Law at Kent Law School. Her research interests lie in the field of international criminal law, international legal history and civil society. She has extensive experience teaching international law, international criminal law and transnational criminal law.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Rethinking International Criminal Legal History;
2 Where It All Began: Prize;
3 The Piracy Analogy and the Slave Trade;
4 Mixed Commissions and the Expansion of Intervention;
5 After Seizure: The Hazards of Recaptivity;
6 Prize, Property and the Economies of Slave Trade Repression;
7 Back to the Present: Recaptives, Victims and Creditors;
8 Conclusion;

More info here

BOOK: Elizabeth P. KAMALI, Felony and the Guilty Mind in Medieval England [Studies in Legal History] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019).


(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press has published a new book on the role of mens rea during the first two centuries of the English criminal trial jury.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book explores the role of mens rea, broadly defined as a factor in jury assessments of guilt and innocence from the early thirteenth through the fourteenth century - the first two centuries of the English criminal trial jury. Drawing upon evidence from the plea rolls, but also relying heavily upon non-legal textual sources such as popular literature and guides for confessors, Elizabeth Papp Kamali argues that issues of mind were central to jurors' determinations of whether a particular defendant should be convicted, pardoned, or acquitted outright. Demonstrating that the word 'felony' itself connoted a guilty state of mind, she explores the interplay between social conceptions of guilt and innocence and jury behavior. Furthermore, she reveals a medieval understanding of felony that involved, in its paradigmatic form, three essential elements: an act that was reasoned, was willed in a way not constrained by necessity, and was evil or wicked in its essence.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Elizabeth Papp KamaliHarvard Law School, Massachusetts
Elizabeth Papp Kamali is Assistant Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, Massachusetts.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of figures
Acknowledgments
List of abbreviations
Introduction
The history of Mens Rea
Methodology
The trial jury and its predecessors: Anglo-Saxon and Angevin Antecedents
A brief chapter summary
The essentials of medieval English felony procedure
Part I. Felonia Felonice Facta: Felony and Intentionality:
1. The meaning of felony
1.1 Felonia Felonice Facta and the question of non-felonious felonies
1.2 The etymology of felony
2. Felony in the archives
2.1 Words of felony in law and literature
2.2 Accomplice liability and the nexus between actus reus and mens rea
2.3. A felonious state of mind
2.4 Conclusion to Part I
Part II. Þe Deuylys Doghtyr of Hellë Fyre: Felony and Emotion:
3. The language of anger
3.1 An elite emotional episode: the Warenne-Zouche Incident
3.2 The history of law and emotion
3.3 The language of anger
3.4 Anger and the common law: an overview
3.5 Passion in the plea rolls
3.6 Melancholic felony in Gower's Tale of Canace and Machaire
4. Cultural understandings of anger
4.1 Anger and the judgment day
4.2 Positive manifestations of the passion
4.3 Anger in the confessional
4.4. Slights, affronts, and provocations
4.5 Anger, provocation, and the medieval English jury
4.6 Conclusion to Part II
Part III. Handlyng Synne: Guilt and Innocence:
5. Confession and circumstantial inquiry
5.1 Confessions of a horse thief
5.2 A confessing society
5.3 Inquiry into the circumstances
5.4 The role of confession in felony adjudication
6. Guilt assessment in medieval England
6.1 Handlyng Synne and crime
6.2 Sins of thought, speech, deed
6.3 Rankings of sins and crimes
6.4 Conclusion to Part III
Part IV. Dies Iræ: Judge and Jury:
7. Tales of judging
7.1 The perils and prosaic nature of judging
7.2 Pontius Pilate and deference to jury verdicts
7.3 The misjudging of Christ and its resonance
8. The mind and comportment of judge and jury
8.1 Erkenwald and the Pagan judge
8.2 Harsh justice tempered by mercy
8.3 The proper comportment of those who judge
8.4 Judicial states of mind
8.5 Conclusion to Part IV
Conclusion
Looking back
Looking forward
Legal literacy and the medieval English jury
Bibliography
Index.

More information here

BOOK: Hans Petter GRAVER (Melanie HACK Transl.), Der Krieg der Richter Die Deutsche Besetzung 1940-1945 und der norwegische Rechtsstaat,. (Baden-Baden: Nomos , 2019). ISBN 978-3-8487-5475-5, €84.00


(Source: Nomos)

Nomos has published a new book (translated to German from Norwegian) on the German and Norwegian courts during the time of Nazi occupation.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Hans Petter Graver, Seines Zeichens Ordinarius am Institut für Privatrecht der Universität Oslo, arbeitet in seinem Buch „Richter im Krieg“ die Rolle der deutschen und norwegischen Gerichte während der Besatzungszeit von 1940 bis 1945 auf. „Furchtbare Juristen“ verrichteten während des Zweiten Weltkriegs auch in Norwegen ihren „Dienst“, allen voran jene des Reichskriegsgerichts, des SS- und Polizeigerichts Nord sowie diverser Sondertribunale und Standgerichte. Während die Nazifizierung nicht zuletzt durch den Nasjonal Samling fast das gesamte Rechtswesen erfasste, gab es auch Protest in der Richterschaft. Wie ist jedoch der relativ geringe Widerstand zu erklären? Wie ließen sich „nationalsozialistischer Geist“ mit richterlichem Selbstverständnis und professionellem Berufsethos vereinbaren? Hans Petter Graver gibt nun auch für die Leserschaft im deutschsprachigen Raum einen spannenden Einblick in eine Zeit voller Gewissensfragen.

More info here

11 October 2019

PODCAST: Pierre-Anne FORCADET (Orléans) on Étendre la justice du roi, construire l’État (Canal Académie)

(image source: Canalacademie)

Abstract:
Le « siècle de saint Louis » est celui du déploiement nouveau d’une justice royale hiérarchisée et professionnelle. Plusieurs réformes successives permettent aux sujets du royaume d’avoir accès à la justice. L’appel judiciaire au parlement royal se systématise contre les jugements de justices concurrentes et scelle la supériorité de la justice royale, que l’on commence à qualifier de « souveraineté ». Les recours sont alors portés, pour une large part, contre le roi lui-même et ceux de ses agents qui commettent des exactions, mais également par les hommes contre leurs seigneurs laïcs ou ecclésiastiques. La justice royale apparaît de manière croissante comme un régulateur des relations féodales. Étendant son influence, elle participe à l’instauration d’un État de droit.
On the laureate:
La 1ère médaille de la commission des Antiquités de la France, a été décernée en 2019 à Pierre-Anne Forcadet, maître de conférences en histoire du droit à l’université d’Orléans, sur approbation de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, pour son ouvrage Conquestus fuit domino regi. Le recours au roi d’après les arrêts du Parlement de Paris (1223-1285), paru chez De Boccard en 2018 
Listen here.

BOOK: Robert THEIS & Alexander AICHELE (Hrsg.), Handbuch Christian Wolff (Heidelberg: Springer, 2018), ISBN 978-3-658-14736-5 € 86,99

(image source: Springer)

Book abstract:
Mit diesem Buch wird erstmals ein umfassendes und systematisches Referenzwerk zu Christian Wolff vorgelegt, das alle wichtigen Aspekte zu Leben und Werk des Philosophen behandelt. Das Handbuch ist von international renommierten Experten verfasst und behandelt die Biographie, das philosophische und naturwissenschaftlich-mathematische Werk sowie die philosophiegeschichtliche Rolle von Christian Wolff.
On the editors:
 Prof. em. Dr. Robert Theis lehrte Philosophie an der Universität Luxemburg. PD Dr. Alexander Aichele lehrt Philosophie an der Universität Halle.
Read more on SpringerLink.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

BOOK: Jean-Pierre DIENY, Le Droit Mongol dans l’État Sino-Mandchou (1644-1911) (Paris: Editions de Boccard, 2019). ISBN 978-2-85757-079-0, 35,00 €



Editions De Boccard has published a new book on Chinese Ming dynasty laws in the Mongol sphere.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Partant d’une description complète de la législation impériale promulguée par le gouvernement des Qing pour la Mongolie, l’auteur examine dans ce livre les problèmes nés de l’introduction de cette législation aux Mongols et de l’application de celle-ci. L’étude d’un large éventail de documents juridiques — incluant les codes mongols antérieurs aux Qing, la législation impériale, les règlements administratifs et les jugements rendus à la fois aux niveaux local et central — lui permet d’analyser les interactions entre le droit et diverses questions relatives à l’autonomie locale, au pluralisme juridique, à l’assimilation politique et aux relations entre le centre et la périphérie. L’auteur défend l’idée que les Qing tendirent à mettre en valeur l’approche et les principes du droit chinois lors de l’élaboration de la législation propre aux Mongols. Ils transférèrent progressivement une grande partie de concepts étrangers à la tradition juridique mongole, sinon leur totalité. Malgré les efforts importants mis en œuvre pour contrôler et normaliser l’administration des régions périphé-riques jusqu’à en faire une extension de la Chine intérieure plutôt qu’un protectorat gouverné par l’aristocratie locale, et malgré les effets de l’immigration Han en Mongolie, les principes du droit mongol ne disparurent cependant pas complètement, ainsi qu’en témoignent les jugements rendus par les juges des niveaux inférieurs de l’administration Qing en Mongolie.

More info here

10 October 2019

JOB: Chef de travaux, doctor in contemporary History (CEGESOMA, Brussels)


Le CegeSoma (Centre d'Études et de Documentation Guerre et Sociétés contemporaines) recrute un chef de travaux de la carrière scientifique. Cet emploi est accessible aux candidats pouvant être affectés au rôle linguistique néerlandais.

Davantage d'informations sur le site.

(source: Standen & Landen/Anciens Pays et Assemblées d'États)

SEMINAR SERIES: EHESS / IMM 2019-2020 Médiévalismes et nationalisation des cultures juridiques en Europe (XIXe-XXe siècles) (Paris, January-June 2020)


(Source: Hi-D)

Via Hi-D, we learned of a seminar series at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris.
Mensuel, (jour indifférent), 10h-13h, (54 ou 105 bd Raspail), du 22/01/2020 au 29/05/2019.

En contrepoint du souci de reconnecter entre elles les histoires dont la modernité a disjoint les circuits, il importe d’étendre au langage du droit, considéré dans la spécificité à la fois incantatoire et technique de ses performances, l’examen des « déconnexions » qui ont accompagné l’essor de l’Occident.

Le séminaire sera consacré cette année à ausculter le renvoi au Moyen Âge qui a permis l’affirmation d’un caractère national des institutions juridiques, dans la culture savante du XIXeet du premier XXesiècles. Comment s’est joué le rapatriement, l’indexation « nationale » de ces formes juridiques abstraites qui, des divisions de la propriété à l’organisation des assemblées villageoises, avaient sédimenté dans le système labile du va-et-vient entre un droit romain « commun » aux nations européennes et la myriade des coutumes développées par les communautés locales ?

Afin de vérifier si un retour au Moyen Âge permet de « purifier l’air » des études juridiques — comme Paul Zumthor l’affirmait dans le cas des études littéraires — nous déclinerons cette question en examinant la part de l’histoire médiévale chez quelques grandes figures de la pensée juridique européenne, de Savigny à Gierke, en passant par Frederic Maitland, Hermann Kantorowicz et Jacques Flach.

Professeur invité à l’EHESS, Gadi Algazi, nous aidera à mesurer l’insistance de ces « médiévalismes » dans la réaffirmation contemporaine des « identités nationales ».  

Séance 1 / Introduction – Otto von Gierke 
22 Janvier 2020 de 10h à 13h
Emanuele Conte et Pierre Thévenin / introduction générale.
Céline Jouin (Université de Caen) / « L’histoire du droit d’Otto von Gierke »
Séance 2 / L’histoire constitutionnelle allemande
26 Février 2020 de 10h à 13h
Gadi Algazi (Tel Aviv University) / « Kulturgeschichteet Verfassungsgeschichteen Allemagne avant et après 1871 »
Séance 3 / Hermann Kantorowicz
18 Mars 2020 de 10h à 13h
Rainer Kiesow (EHESS) / « Hermann Kantorowicz, le droit libre et la nation »
Benjamin Lahusen (Université Humboldt, Berlin) / « L’idée de Volksgeistdans la science moderne du droit »
Séance 4/ Otto von Brunner
Gadi Algazi (Université de Tel Aviv) /« Otto von Brunner,les historiens et le nazisme »
29 Avril 2020 de 10h à 13h
Séance 5/ Frederic Maitland
20 Mai 2020 de 10h à 13h
John Hudson (Université Saint Andrews) / « Maitland, the Middle Ages and Britain » 
Séance 6/ Michelet et Jacques Flach
10 Juin 2020 de 10h à 13h
Frédéric Audren (CNRS – Sciences Po) / « Le nationalisme juridique de Jacques Flach » Jacques Chiffoleau (EHESS honoraire) / « Michelet, le Moyen Âge et le droit »

More info with EHESS

(Source: Hi-D)

JOURNAL: Droits – Special Issue “Oligarchies” (Vol. LXVIII, Issue II)


(Source: Cairn)

The French journal Droits has a special issue on Oligarchies. Here the table of contents: 

Pages 3 à 20
Sur l’oligarchie en Grèce ancienne. Vivre et penser la politique
Jacques Annequin
Pages 21 à 41
Stratégies patrimoniales et oligarchies : Napoléon et les règles de droit patrimonial de la famille
Anne Dobigny-Reverso
Pages 43 à 85
L’oligarchie française et le fascisme dans l’entre-deux-guerres : la synarchie contre la République, 1922-1940
Annie Lacroix-Riz
Pages 87 à 102
Le concept d’oligarchie est-il adéquat pour traiter de la Banque des règlements internationaux ?
Alexis Le Barbier
Pages 103 à 126
L’oligarchie, pourquoi ?
Robert Charvin
Pages 127 à 140
L’oligarchie des juristes
Éric Desmons
Pages 141 à 160
Oligarchie, démocratie, transformation sociale. Robert Michels et au-delà
Carlos M. Herrera
Pages 161 à 184
Par-delà les maux de la démocratie oligarchique. L’idéal politique d’élévation des esprits chez Daniel Halévy et Emmanuel Beau de Loménie
Alexandre Desrameaux
Variétés
Pages 185 à 200
Le droit à la démocratie en Allemagne. L’individualisation d’un principe collectif
Camille Moisan
Pages 201 à 221
La théorie du droit fonctionnaliste de Niklas Luhmann
Hugues Rabault
Pages 223 à 235
Objets connectés et protection des données à caractère personnel : vers un changement de paradigme des modalités de protection ?
Maximilien Lanna
Pages 237 à 259
L’espace de la « haine », les tensions de la « race ». La diffamation et l’injure raciales du décret-loi du 21 avril 1939 à la loi du 1er juillet 1972
Mathieu Soula
Pages 261 à 274
Schopenhauer : la force surprenante des idées à propos du dernier livre d’Alexandre Viala
Jean-Jacques Sueur                                

More info here

09 October 2019

CONFERENCE: De la récidive et du pardon: a la croisée des Chemins du destin? (Lille, 6-8 November 2019)



We learned of an international colloquium on recidivism and the pardon power in Lille, which includes several presentations with a legal-historical angle.

Récidive et pardon semblent être deux faits étrangers l’un à l’autre, sinon contradictoires. Ce sont pourtant deux questions d’actualité, posant problème et suscitant débat. Et si elles divisent et inquiètent, elles ont néanmoins en commun de traverser l’ensemble des disciplines des sciences humaines et de concerner tous les professionnels qui s’y confrontent. Qu’il soit question de réitération, de répétition et de rechute, de vice et de malignité, ou que l’on parle de désistement et de sortie de la délinquance, de guérison, de grâce et de rédemption, il s’agit là de notions comparables. Elles ne renvoient cependant pas uniquement au droit mais tout autant à la médecine, la psychiatrie, la psychologie, la sociologie et l’anthropologie, la philosophie ou la théologie… Il convient de mieux appréhender le sens de ce qui enferme dans le mal, dans la faute et la peine, en regard de ce qui ouvre à la capacité au bien, à la résilience, à l’innocence, au plaisir et au bonheur. Un tel questionnement prend tout son sens en criminologie, tant dans les préoccupations universitaires que dans celles des acteurs de terrain. L’organisation de ce colloque correspond à l’ouverture récente de l’École de Criminologie Critique Européenne - ECCE- ainsi qu’à la recherche et aux enseignements qui y sont associés. Qu’il soit question de terrorisme et de radicalisation religieuse, de dérive sectaire, de perversion et d’agression sexuelle, de maltraitances familiales ou de violences institutionnelles, de traite des êtres humains, de délinquance économique, de conflits sociaux donnant lieu à des violences traumatisantes, aucune de ces réalités sociales n’échappe à la question posée par cette manifestation.

The full programme can be found here

LECTURE: Xavier Prévost on “L’interprétation du droit à la Renaissance” at the Centre Perelman (Brussels, 18 October 2019)


(Source: Centre Perelman)

The Centre Perelman of the ULB is hosting Professor Xavier Prévost later this month.

Xavier Prévost, Professeur d’histoire du droit à l’Université de Bordeaux, directeur de l’Institut de recherche Montesquieu, sera le titulaire de la Conférence Perelman 2019-2020. Il donnera sa conférence sur le thème « L’interprétation du droit à la Renaissance : l’exemple des jurisconsultes humanistes français ».

La conférence aura lieu à 14h à l’auditoire UD2.120.

L’historique est des conférences Perelman est disponible ici.

More info here


SEMINAR SERIES: Sécularités, dialogue entre théologiens et juristes (Paris, October-June 2020)



Via the Portail universitaire du droit, we learned of the annual seminar series of the Centre d’études du Saulchoir and Paris I. Here the programme:

Le Contrat
10 octobre : Luc Forestier, oratorien, directeur de l’Institut Supérieur d’Études Œcuméniques et du Département dogmatique du Theologicum de l’Institut catholique de Paris
14 novembre : Philippe Stoffel-Munck, professeur de droit privé, École de droit de la Sorbonne
La Solidarité
12 décembre : Christian Pian, diacre, maître de conférences en théologie morale et en éthique sociale, Institut catholique de Paris
9 janvier : Jérôme Julien, professeur de droit privé, Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
La Responsabilité
13 février : Jean-Paul Durand, dominicain, doyen honoraire de la faculté de droit canonique, Institut catholique de Paris
12 mars : Olivier Descamps, professeur d’histoire du droit, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
La Personne
14 mai : Intervenant à confirmer.
11 juin : Julien Dubarry, professeur de droit privé, Université de la Sarre

More info with the Portail universitaire du droit

08 October 2019

BOOK: Peter CROOKS and Thomas MOHR, eds., Law and the idea of liberty in Ireland from Magna Carta to the present (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2019). ISBN 978-1-84682-740-2, €49.95



Four Courts Press has published an edited volume on the importance of the Magna Carta’s dissemination in Ireland.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Magna Carta is among the most famous documents in the history of the world, credited with being the first effective check in writing on arbitrary, oppressive and unjust rule – in a word, on tyranny. The fame of Magna Carta spread as England, and later Britain, came to girdle the globe in its power. This volume is the first to examine the importance of Ireland in the story of Magna Carta’s dissemination. Four centuries before Magna Carta crossed the Atlantic, it had already been implanted across the Irish Sea. A version of the charter, issued in November 1216 in the name of the boy-king Henry III, was sent to Ireland, where it became fundamental to the English common law tradition in Ireland that survives to the present. This volume – the proceedings of a conference marking the 800th anniversary of the transmission of Magna Carta to Ireland – explores the paradoxes presented by the reception of Magna Carta into Irish law, above all the contested idea of ‘liberty’ that developed in Ireland. Contributors examine the legal, political and polemical uses to which Magna Carta was put from the thirteenth century onwards, as well as its twentieth- and twentieth-first century invocations as a living presence in contemporary Irish law. The volume also includes a new edition and translation of the Magna Carta Hibernie (‘The Great Charter of Ireland’) — an adaptation of the 1216 issue of Magna Carta found in the Red Book of the Irish Exchequer, which was destroyed in 1922.
Contributors: Sparky Booker (QUB), Paul Brand (U Oxford), Ian Campbell (QUB), Coleman Dennehy (UCL/UCD), Seán Duffy (TCD), Adrian Empey (Church of Ireland Historical Society), Patrick Geoghegan (TCD), James Kelly (DCU), Colum Kenny (DCU), John Larkin (Attorney General for Northern Ireland), Bláthna Ruane SC.

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Peter Crooks is a lecturer in medieval history at TCD, and a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He is co-editor of The Geraldines and medieval Ireland: the making of a myth (Dublin, 2016). Thomas Mohr is a lecturer at the School of Law, UCD. He is honorary secretary of the Irish Legal History Society and the author of Guardian of the Treaty: the Privy Council appeal and Irish sovereignty (Dublin, 2016).

All information to be found here

CONFERENCE: Peace and Security in Times of Transition: Socialist and Post-Socialist States and the Development of International Peacekeeping Since 1945 (29-31 October 2020, Moscow) (DEADLINE: 1 DECEMBER 2019)


(Source: HSozKult)

Via HSozKult, we learned of a conference at the Deutsches Historisches Institut in Moscow on the role of socialist and post-socialist states in the development of peacekeeping operations since 1945.

The interconnected histories of international organizations and the normative conceptions of international relations with their discussions about range and universality constitute one of the most promising and challenging topics of International History since 1945. Debates about the balance between state sovereignty and territorial integrity, international security, human rights, and dimensions of peace were reflected and still are reflected by international approaches to international challenges, new- and old-type crises, and problems of Cold War, decolonization as well as post-Cold War and post-colonial processes. […]“

More info with HSozKult

LECTURE: Professor Pierre Legendre on “L’inexploré” (Paris, 14 October 2019)



Pierre Legendre, professeur émérite à l'université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et directeur d’études à l'EPHE, donne une conférence sur l’Inexploré, dans le cadre du cycle « Les grandes voix ».

Pierre Legendre est historien du droit. Il est fondateur d'un champ inédit de recherche et de réflexion : l’anthropologie dogmatique.

More information with the École nationale des chartes

COLLOQUIUM: L’église en crise et les réponses du droit, du haut môyen age à la réforme (14-17 October 2019, Menaggio – Lake Como)



Via the Portail universitaire du droit, we learned of a conference on the crisis of the late medieval church and the law. Here the programme:

Montag / lunedì / lundi, 14 X 2019

Ab 14:00 : Check-In
17:00 : Begrüßung durch die Veranstalter
17:20 : La utilità del diritto romano per gli scopi della Riforma Gregoriana
Gero Dolezalek
19:30 : Abendessen/Cena/Dîner

Dienstag / martedì / mardi, 15. X 2019

8.00 : Frühstück/Colazione/Petit-déjeuner

Sektion 1 – Die Krise der Moral
Moderation : Franck Roumy
9.00 : Il clero indisciplinato tra ius vetus e ius novum
Andrea Massironi
9:40 : Die Unzucht der Kleriker als Skandal
Gisela Drossbach
10:20 : Kaffeepause/Pausa caffè/Pause-afé
10:50 : Die befleckte Kirche - Reconziliation gegen Pollution – Teil II
Hans-Georg Hermann
11.30 : La déposition et la dégradation des évêques aux XIe et XIIe siècles. Aperçu de quelques interprétations canonistiques
Thierry Sol

13:00 : Mittagessen/Pranzo/Déjeuner

14:00-16:30 : Spaziergang zum Comer See/Passeggiata al lago di Como/Excursion au lac de Côme

Sektion 2 – Die Kirche und die weltliche Gewalt
Moderation : Orazio Condorelli
17.30 : Le secours du Bras séculier : (II) le droit canonique classique
Franck Roumy
18:10 : Weltliche Praxis als Krise der Kirche – Die Auseinandersetzung um das Turnier
David von Mayenburg
18:50 : Diskussion zum ersten Tag
19:30 : Abendessen/Cena/Dîner

Mittwoch / mercoledi / mercredi, 16 X 2019

8.00 : Frühstück/Colazione/Petit-déjeuner

Sektion 3 - Krise zwischen Ost und West
Moderation : Mathias Schmoeckel
9.00 : Immagini del primato romano nel pensiero dei canonisti bizantini del secolo XII
Orazio Condorelli
9:40 : L’église face aux peuples musulmans : le commerce international dans la doctrine canonique classique
Nicolas Laurent-Bonne
10:20 : Kaffeepause/Pausa caffè/Pause-café

Sektion 4 - Krise vor Ort
10:50 : Die Krise des Papsttums und der französische Episkopat – Bischof Lambert von Arras (1093-1115) als Vermittler zwischen Erzbischof Rainald von Reims und dem päpstlichen Legaten, Erzbischof Hugo von Lyon
Lotte Kéry
11.30 : Paroisses et droits paroissiaux au XIIe siècle
Clarisse Siméant

13:00 : Mittagessen/Pranzo/Déjeuner

Sektion 5 - Die Reaktion des Rechts auf die Krise : Dogmen
Moderation : Gero Dolezalek
14:30 : Dalla commutazione delle ultime volontà alla mutazione dei benefici : la potestà di innovazione della Chiesa
Silvia Di Paolo
15:10 : Formierung des Beweisrechts in der klassischen Kanonistik
Mathias Schmoeckel
15:50 : L’appel au pape mieux informé comme réponse à la crise
Cyrille Dounot
16:30 : Kaffeepause/Pausa caffè/Pause-café
17:00 : L’emersione del principio di colpevolezza in contrapposizione alla responsabilità ex fatto all’indomani della riforma gregoriana
Abschluß
Rosalba Sorice
17:40-18:10 : Resümee und Abschlußdiskussion
19:30 : Abendessen/Cena/Dîner

Donnerstag / giovedì / jeudi, 17 X 2019

8.00 : Frühstück/Colazione/Petit-déjeuner
9:00 : Vormittags Abreise/Partenza/Départ


07 October 2019

BLOGPOST: Stephen MAYEAUX and Dante FIGUEROA on Spanish Legal Documents (15th-19th Centuries) – Library of Congress



The Law Library Blog of the Library of Congress has a new post on Spanish legal briefs (15th-19th century).

During this celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month, we bring you the latest—and by far the largest—update from our Spanish Legal Documents series. For more information about the history of this collection, as well as our ongoing efforts to present the full collection online, see our previous posts describing the Canon Law and Opinions & Judgments subsections.

If you have read our previous posts, you may recall that we divided the collection into six categories:
·        Briefs
·        Canon Law
·        Notarial Instruments
·        Opinions & Judgments
·        Laws & Statutes
·        Miscellaneous
[…]”

The full blogpost can be found at the Library of Congress Blog