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18 February 2019

JOURNAL: Glossae. European Journal of Legal History 15 (2018): Comparative Legal History

(image source: Glossae)

Preface (Luisa Brunori, Aniceto Masferrer, Alain Wijffels)

Modena 1182, the origins of a new paradigm of ownership. The interface between historical contingency and the scholarly invention of legal categories (Emanuele Conte)

Causa and opinion evidence: the Roman-canonical origins of the prohibition of opinion evidence in the common law (Yves Mausen)

Diversité ou unité? Culture juridique, correspondances et différences dans la recherche de la justice en Europe (Anja Amend-Traut)

Particularisme juridique et développements communs (Moyen-Âge–Temps modernes): Une perspective suédoise (Mia Korpiola)

History of business law: a European history? (Luisa Brunori)

Modalités de vote dans les tribunaux collégiaux. La diffusion des idées des Lumières en Europe au 19ème siècle (Wolfgang Ernst)

Was the French Civil Code ‘the Model’ of the Spanish One? An Approach to the Uniqueness of the Spanish Civil Code (Aniceto Masferrer)

Crossing boundaries. Comparative constitutional history as a space of communication, (Luigi Lacchè)

The Role of Doctrinal Writing in Creating Administrative Law: France and England Compared (John Bell)

Fingerposts and Armsäulen:Comparative legal history’s manifold itineraries to legal culture (Alain Wijffels)

How to Build a Modern Romanian Nation-State? Authoritarianism versus Parliamentarianism at Mid-19th Century (Manuel Gutan)

Fides integra, sana, non vaccilans. Mancio de Corpus Christi († 1576) on the (in)compatibility of doubt and good faith (Jan Hallebeek)

El problema inherente a la identificación del vicio de fugitivo en la acción redhibitoria del ius commune privatum castellano-indiano (Juan Carlos Prado Rodríguez)

Book reviews:
Juan Antonio Bueno Delgado, El edicto justinianeo de los “Tres Capítulos”en el marco de la disputa cristológica sobre la doble naturaleza de Cristo. ColecciónMonografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica. Sección: Derecho Público yPrivado Romano, Dykinson, Madrid, 2018, 239 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-654-1;ISBN electrónico: 978-84-9148-681-7] (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Manlio Bellomo, Roffredo Beneventano, professore a Roma. Lecturae super Codicein un Apparatus recollectus di ignoto allievo, Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt amMain, 2018, 298 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-465-04357-7] (F. Javier Casinos Mora)

Aniceto Masferrer (ed.), The Western Codification of Criminal Law. A Revision of theMyth of its Predominant French Influence, Dordrecht-Heidelberg-London-New York:Springer (Collection ‘History of Law and Justice’), 2018, 427 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-319-71911-5] (José Franco Chasán)

Andrea Padovani, Dall’alba al crepusculo del commento: Giovanni da Imola (1375 ca. -1436) ela giurisprudenza del suo tempo, Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 2017 (Studien zureuropäischen Rechtsgeschichte 303), XIV + 312 pp., € 79,00 [ISBN-10: 3465043081; ISBN-13: 978-3465043089] (Paola Maffei)

Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno, Iura et humanitas. Diálogos entre el Derecho y laLiteratura, Madrid: Dykinson, 2017 [ISBN: 978-84-9148-307-6] (Aniceto Masferrer)

Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno, Un estudio sobre la antigüedad: la Apología deSócrates, Madrid: Dykinson, 2018, 211 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-648-0] (V. Ponte y Arrebola)

Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno, Un estudio sobre la antigüedad: la Apología deSócrates, Colección Monografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica. Sección:Cultura Clásica, Dykinson: Madrid, 2018, 211 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-648-0] (Juan Antonio Bueno Delgado)

Núria Coch Roura, La forma estipulatoria. Una aproximación al estudio del lenguaje directo en el Digesto, Dykinson: Colección de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica, Madrid, 2017, 417 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-369-4; ISBN electrónico: 978- 84-9148-409-7] (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Francisco Cuena Boy, Sociedad y derecho en Indias y en Nicolás Gómez Dávila,Nápoles: Editoriale Scientifica, 2017, 115 pp. [ISBN: 978-88-9391-039-2] (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Beatriz García Fueyo, Consideraciones sobre la merces, in pecunianumerata, en la locatio-conductio operarum: del Derecho Romano al contrato detrabajo. Prólogo Antonio Fernández de Buján. Madrid: Dykinson, ColecciónMonografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica, 2018, 195 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-657-2; ISBN electrónico: 978-84-9148-710-4], (Juan Alfredo Obrarrio Moreno)

Justo García Sánchez y Beatriz García Fueyo, Diego de Covarrubias y Leyva.Summa de delictis et eorum poenis. Año 1540 (Primer tratado de derecho penal, parteespecial, de Europa), Servicio de publicaciones de la Universidad de Oviedo,Salamanca y Granada, 2018, 572 pp (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Enedetta Albani, Otto Danwerth, Thomas Duve (eds.), Normatividades einstituciones eclesiásticas en la Nueva España, siglos XVI-XIX, Frankfurt amMain: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Global Perspectives onLegal History 5, 2018, 303 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-944773-04-9; ISBN: 978-3-944773-14-8; ISSN: 2196-9752], pp 331-335 (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Massimo Brutti & Alessandro Somma (eds.), Diritto: storia e comparazione,Frankfurt am Main: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, GlobalPerspectives on Legal History 11, 2018, 608 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-944773-20-9;ISSN: 2196-9752] (José Miguel Piquer Marí)

News:
Congreso: La Codificación penal española decimonónica. Tradición e influencias extranjeras en la Parte Especial. (José Franco Chasán)

V Congreso Internacional de la European Society for Comparative Legal HistoryESCLH Fifth Biennial Conference: “Law across Codes and Laws decoded”École Normale Supérieure (Paris, Francia), 28-30 de junio de 2018 (Juan B. Cañizares-Navarro)

(all texts in fulltext here)

BOOK: Sebastian WUSCHKA et al., eds., Zeit und Internationales Recht [Ius Internationale et Europaeum] (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019). ISBN 978-3-16-155921-1, €79.00


(Source: Mohr Siebeck)

Mohr Siebeck is publishing a collected edition on time and international law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Der vorliegende Band widmet sich dem durch Zeit hervorgerufenen Wandel des internationalen Rechts. Dabei treffen verschiedene Generationen von Völkerrechtlern zusammen, die sich über Veränderungen im internationalen Recht austauschen.

Der Forschungsansatz ist querschnittsartig. Die Autoren identifizieren verschiedene Dynamiken des Wandels im Recht und analysieren, welchen zeitlichen Horizont alte und neue Rechtssätze im Völkerrecht besitzen. Ebenfalls werden methodische Fragestellungen untersucht: Verändert sich zum Beispiel die Auslegung von völkerrechtlichen Normen durch zunehmende Institutionalisierung oder durch neue Regelungstechniken? Kritisch beleuchtet werden überdies Legitimationsfragen. Die Figur des Fortschritts, die auf Völkerrechtler einen besonderen Reiz ausübt, wird hinterfragt und einer Rückbesinnung auf souveränitätsschonenden Ausgleich von staatlichen Interessen und Dispositionsfreiheit gegenübergestellt.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Isabella Risini ist Akademische Rätin auf Zeit an der Juristischen Fakultät der Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Felix Boor ist Akademischer Rat auf Zeit am Fachbereich Sozialökonomie an der Fakultät für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften der Universität Hamburg und korrespondierendes Mitglied des Instituts für Friedenssicherungsrecht und Humanitäres Völkerrecht an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Stefan Lorenzmeier ist Akademischer Rat an der Juristischen Fakultät der Universität Augsburg.

Sebastian Wuschka ist Doktorand und Lehrbeauftragter an der Juristischen Fakultät der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Rechtsreferendar am Hanseatischen Oberlandesgericht und Mitglied der Praxisgruppe Int. Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit der Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft in Hamburg.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Felix Boor/Stefan Lorenzmeier/Isabella Risini/Sebastian Wuschka: Zeit und Internationales Recht. Vermessung der Veränderung

Part 1: Der Faktor Zeit: Regelungsperspektive und Methode
Jochen Rauber: Verschiebungen im Zeithorizont des Völkerrechts. Erscheinungsformen und Probleme völkerrechtlicher Zukunftsorientierung – Maria Bertel: EMRK und demokratische Legitimation: Eine unendliche Geschichte? – Marten Breuer: Demokratieprinzip oder Staatensouveränität? Ein Kommentar zu „EMRK und demokratische Legitimation: Eine unendliche Geschichte?“ von Maria Bertel – Dominic Beckers-Schwarz: Das Zusammenspiel von WTO-Recht und Investitionsrecht. Interaktion mit Beispielcharakter für andere Bereiche des Völkerrechts? – Katharina Gatzsche: Einvernehmliche Aufhebungen und Abänderungen bilateraler Investitionschutzabkommen – Karsten Nowrot: Kommentar: Völkerrechtlicher Umgang mit ambivalenten Regressionsphänomenen im internationalen Investitionsrecht

Part 2: Der Faktor Zeit: Veränderung und Beständigkeit
Tobias Ackermann: Die Auswirkungen bewaffneter Konflikte auf völkerrechtliche Verträge im Wandel der Zeit – Linus Mührel: Die Kommentare des Internationalen Komitees vom Roten Kreuz, ihre Autorität und ihr Einfluss auf die Entwicklung des Humanitären Völkerrechts im Wandel der Zeit – Antal Berkes: Frozen Conflicts, Consolidation of De Facto Regimes and the Obligation of Timely Cooperation – Sué González Hauck: Die Idee des Fortschritts in der Debatte um die Beschränkung des Veto-Rechts des Sicherheitsrates der Vereinten Nationen

Part 3: Der Faktor Zeit: Auswirkungen auf das materielle Völkerrecht
Elisabeth Hoffberger-Pippan: Restitutionsansprüche von Kulturgütern im Völkerrecht – Der Faktor „Zeit“ als konstituierendes Merkmal – Yury Safoklov: Völkerrecht als lex aeterna – Zur rückwirkenden Anwendung völkervertraglicher Wertungen durch den Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte – Elena Konnova: The Right to Self-determination and Time – Stefan Lorenzmeier: Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker als Einschränkung der Vertragskompetenz der Europäischen Union

More information here

15 February 2019

WORKSHOP: Socialist interpretations of legal history. The histories and historians of law and justice in the GDR, Poland and the Baltic states under the reign of communism (22-23 MAR 2019)

(image source: helsinki)

The aim of the workshop at hand is to concentrate on the interaction between historians and communist regimes, but rather than investigating the control exercised by the communist states, we focus on the position of legal historians and their representations of history. How did the historians see the recent past, and how did that affect their vision on the future? What elements remained from the era preceding communism, and with what means did the scholars find leeway between strict ideological preconditions and their scholarly identity? 

After the Second World War, the Soviet occupied Eastern part of Germany, Poland and Baltic States all experienced – in a varying thoroughness – a drastic reorganization of higher education, which was purported to root socialist worldview to their respective academia. Consequently, in the following years also legal scholars advertised the anti-fascist, peaceable and democratizing characteristics of socialist law as an antidote to all what the western legal system supposedly encouraged and embodied. At the same time western continental legal science concentrated on the long lines of legal history, constructing its view as an exact opposite to what started to take shape as the socialist legal science. 

Rather than treating legal history and jurisprudence as mere political tools of the communist regimes, our workshop at hand focuses on the history of the scholarly representations of legal history and jurisprudence. We presume that writing the history of a community or a legal system left free space for scholars to express themselves as scientists, citizens and temporal subjects, even in communist regimes. Furthermore, we argue that this space for personal interpretation becomes evident in the works of the legal historians and legal scientists. The workshop is being arranged in a cooperation by the Centre of Excellence 'Law, Identity and the European Narratives' at the University of Helsinki and The Institut für neuere Privatrechtsgeschichte, University of Cologne. The workshop attempts to bring together scholars and approaches from variety of disciplines and fields of study. Our confirmed key-note speakers are Michal Kopecek (Jena/Prague), Marianna Muravyeva (Helsinki) and Lauri Mälksoo (Tartu). In order to analyze the ‘socialist interpretations of legal history’ in different times and regions across the Eastern Central Europe and former USSR, our workshop concentrates on (but is not restricted to) the following characteristics of socialist legal science and historiography. 

The Past, the Present and the Future in socialist legal history. What kind of narratives did the scholars reconstruct to their respected legal orders, or in general to European legal culture? How did they posit their narratives vis-à-vis the western story of European legal history, or which parts they rebuked in that narrative of the West? What were the foundational periods or agents in the socialist reconstructions and why so? 

Concepts and tropes. Where there key-concepts, tropes and metaphors in socialist legal history, and if so, where they transnational in nature or did they remain as local inventions of a national legal discipline? By whom and when they were introduced? 

The Networks and Schools in the jurisprudence of the GDR, Poland and Baltic states of the former USSR. How did the legal scholars of the former communist regimes organized themselves? Where there competing approaches to and paradigm shifts within the discipline of legal history? 

Continuities and discontinuities in socialist legal historiography. In what ways did the legal historical scholarship “started from the scratch” after 1945, distinct from bourgeois worldview and previous historical narratives? What stayed over from the inter-war period and what was rejected? How the further change in political and social conditions of the communist regimes affected legal historiography?

March 22, 2019
13.45–14.00 Ville Erkkilä, Hans-Peter Haferkamp: Opening remarks
14.00–15.00 Keynote speech, Michal Kopecek (Jena/Prague): The Socialist Conception of Human Rights and its Dissident Critique. East Central Europe 1960s-1980s.
15.00–15.30 Martin Otto (Hagen): We few, we happy few? Legal History in the GDR
15.30–16.00 Adolfo Giuliani (Helsinki): Eastern Europe and the legal historian. Changing images of the Eastern legal tradition: Roman law, canon law, Pandektism and anti-Pandektism.
16.15–17.15 Keynote speech, Marianna Muravyeva (Helsinki): TBA
17.15–17.45 Marju Luts–Sootak (Tallinn): Strategies of covert resistance in teaching and studying legal history at the University of Tartu in the Soviet era.
March 23, 2019
10.30–11.30 Keynote speech, Lauri Mälksoo (Tartu): The Concept of Human Rights in the Soviet Legal and Political Thinking.
11.30–12.00 Sanita Osipova (Riga): Valdemars Kalnins (1907-1981) – the founder of the Soviet legal history in Latvia.
13.30–14.00 Adrian Schmidt-Recla (Jena): Getaway into the Middle Ages? Topics, methods and results of socialist legal historiography in Jena
14.00–14.30 Martha Bucholc (Bonn): TBA
14.30–15.00 Anton Rudokvas (St.Petersburg): Roman law studies in the USSR
15.15–15.45 Diana Kudaibergenova (Lund): TBA
15.45–16.15 Ville Erkkilä (Helsinki): Law, Land and Community. Historicizing the socialist land reform in East Germany
(more information here)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Assistance, protection and social control in the States of Savoie and neighbouring states (Nice: Faculté de droit et de science politique, 28-29 NOV 2019); DEADLINE 1 MAY 2019

(image source: provenceweb)


Summary:
L’étude des sources juridiques et judiciaires a toujours été essentielle pour l’histoire sociale ; celle qui a pris forme durant les années 60 du XXe siècle n’aurait pu exister sans elles. Pour autant, cette histoire sociale a débuté par une « histoire par le haut » : les études consacrées aux sources juridiques ont commencé par aborder le droit tel qu’il était produit par les institutions publiques et les acteurs juridictionnels. Mais cela a également permis d’inaugurer une nouvelle approche de la source juridique de la part de l’histoire sociale : non seulement ces sources peuvent être utilisées pour éclairer des éléments oubliés d'histoire sociale, mais leur approche, dans une perspective sociologique ou anthropologique, peut améliorer notre compréhension des constructions normatives et des pratiques judiciaires. Nice- Faculté de droit et science politique, 28-29 Novembre 2019
Arguments:
Ainsi, une lecture du droit tel qu’il est appliqué aux individus et tel qu’ils le ressentent offre d’importantes opportunités : elle peut d’abord fournir un complément à ce que peuvent apporter d’autres sources historiques, mais nous éclairer également sur le contexte sociopolitique et les éléments d’expérience sociale qui produisent des sources juridiques dans toute leur diversité. Ce colloque a ainsi pour objectif d’explorer la manière dont des sources juridiques peuvent être utilisées dans une perspective analytique d’histoire sociale. La thématique choisie concerne le domaine dans lequel le droit est le plus proche de besoins des individus : celui de l’assistance, de la protection et du contrôle social. Cette problématique centrale de l’histoire sociale n’a jamais été abordée dans les États de Savoie : l’historiographie de l’assistance, de la protection et du contrôle social y est quasiment inexistante, en tous cas envisagée à partir de sources juridiques et judiciaires. Or, l’assistance, la protection et le contrôle social sont des enjeux humains, sociétaux, politiques, économiques, juridiques voire juridictionnels de premier ordre et posent, dans une perspective d’histoire sociale, de multiples questions : Celle d’abord des personnes assistées, en situation de faiblesse de précarité, ou de vulnérabilité et de leurs besoins : les pauvres (mendiants, vagabonds, familles pauvres, familles nombreuses), les malades ou victimes d’accidents (contaminés contagieux, victimes d’épidémies, déments, infirmes, victimes de guerre, blessés), les vieillards, les femmes (veuves, filles-mères, prostituées), les enfants (enfants abandonnés, orphelins), les étrangers (migrants, réfugiés, déplacés, voyageurs, pèlerins), les prisonniers, chômeurs, naufragés… Cette même diversité se retrouve lorsqu’on s’intéresse aux dispositifs d’assistance, qu’il s’agisse des moyens (aumônes, assurances privées, assurances sociales, mutuelles) ou des structures (hôpitaux, hospices, asiles, lazarets, sanatoria, ateliers de charité, xenodochia). On la retrouve aussi lorsqu’on pense aux acteurs de l’assistance et de la protection, qu’il s’agisse d’acteurs privés (corporations, confréries de pénitents, associations de dévotion, entreprises, philanthropes, sociétés de secours mutuels, loges maçonniques) ou bien d’acteurs institutionnels (États, Communes, Départements, Provinces, Églises, congrégations religieuses, armée, monts de piété, caisses de crédit municipal). La cadre chronologique est volontairement large, puisqu’il couvre la période du Moyen Âge, de l’Âge baroque, des Temps modernes et de l’histoire contemporaine. Le Cadre géographique est celui des Anciens États de Savoie (dans leur acception la plus large) et des États limitrophes à titre de comparaison et afin de mettre en lumière la circulation des modèles et des pratiques. Les langues du colloque étant l’italien, le français et l’anglais, la communication faite dans une langue fera l’objet d’un résumé d’une page dans au moins une des deux autres langues, et sera distribué au moment du colloque. Les communications seront limitées à 20 minutes.
 Practicalities:
Les propositions de communication devront parvenir à l’adresse suivante :marc.ortolani@univ-cotedazur.frEn mentionnant :
  • les coordonnées de l’auteur (adresse mail, téléphone)
  • le titre (même provisoire) de la communication
  • un bref résumé (10 lignes maximum)
  • une présentation de l’auteur (10 lignes maximum)
Délai de réponse à l’appel à communication : au plus tard le 1er mai 2019
Scientific committee:
  • Michael Breen (Reed College)
  • Marco Carassi (Archivio di Stato, Turin)
  • Françoise Briegel (University of Geneva)
  • Thomas Kuehn (Clemson University)
  • Marc Ortolani (Université Côte d’Azur)
  • Daniel Smail (Harvard University)
  • Angelo Torre (University of Eastern Piedmont)
  • Gian  Savino Pen Vidari (Université de Turin)
  • Matt Vester (West Viginia University)
  • Olivier Vernier (Université Côte d’Azur)

(source: calenda)

BOOK: Claudy OP DEN KAMP and Dan HUNTER, eds., A history of Intellectual Property in 50 Objects (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108420013



(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press is publishing a book on the history of IP in 50 objects.

ABOUT THE BOOK

What do the Mona Lisa, the light bulb, and a Lego brick have in common? The answer — intellectual property (IP) — may be suprising, because IP laws are all about us, but go mostly unrecognized. They are complicated and arcane, and few people understand why they should care about copyright, patents, and trademarks. In this lustrous collection, Claudy Op den Kamp and Dan Hunter have brought together a group of contributors — drawn from around the globe in fields including law, history, sociology, science and technology, media, and even horticulture — to tell a history of IP in 50 objects. These objects not only demonstrate the significance of the IP system, but also show how IP has developed and how it has influenced history. Each object is at the core of a story that will be appreciated by anyone interested in how great innovations offer a unique window into our past, present, and future.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Claudy Op den Kamp, Bournemouth University

Claudy Op den Kamp is Senior Lecturer in Film and faculty member at the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and Management (CIPPM) at Bournemouth University, UK, and Adjunct Research Fellow at Swinburne Law School, Melbourne. She has previously worked as Haghefilm Conservation's Account Manager, as a Film Restoration Project Leader at the Nederlands Filmmuseum, and as a senior research assistant in the film restoration research project DIASTOR at the Department of Film Studies at the University of Zurich. Her monograph, The Greatest Films Never Seen: The Film Archive and the Copyright Smokescreen, was published in 2018.

Dan Hunter, Swinburne Law School, Australia

Dan Hunter is the founding dean of Swinburne Law School, Melbourne. He is an international expert in internet law, intellectual property, and artificial intelligence models of law. He has previously held positions at QUT Law School, New York Law School, Melbourne Law School, the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, and Cambridge University. He is author of Intellectual Property (2012) and co-author of For The Win: How Game Thinking Can Revolutionize Your Business (2012).

ABOUT THE BOOK

I. Introduction: Of People, Places, and Parlance Claudy Op den Kamp and Dan Hunter
Objects: II. The Pre-Modern Period:
1. Goryeo Celadon Hee-Kyoung Spiritas Cho
2. Murano Glass Vase Stefania Fusco
3. Mona Lisa Andrea Wallace
4. Tempesta Map of Rome Jane C. Ginsburg
III. The Age of Invention:
5. Hogarth Engraving Michael Punt
6. Lithograph Amanda Scardamaglia
7. Morse Telegraph Adam Mossoff
8. Singer Sewing Machine Lionel Bently
9. Uncle Tom's Cabin Peter Jaszi
10. Corset Kara W. Swanson
11. A.G. Bell Telephone Christopher Beauchamp
12. Light Bulb Stef van Gompel
13. Oscar Wilde Portrait Megan Richardson
14. Kodak Camera Jessica Lake
15. Kinetoscope Peter Decherney
16. Deerstalker Hat Ronan Deazley
17. Paper Print Claudy Op den Kamp
IV. Modern Times:
18. Player Piano Roll Maurizio Borghi
19. Champagne Dev S. Gangjee
20. Steamboat Willie Peter Decherney
21. PH-Lamp Stina Teilmann-Lock
22. Climbing Rose Brad Sherman
23. Penguin Paperback Stuart Kells
24. Ferragamo Wedge Marianne Dahlén
25. Aspirin Pill Catherine Bond
V. The Consumption Age:
26. Bell Transistor Beth Webster
27. Oral Contraceptive Pill Melanie Brown
28. Photocopier Jessica Silbey
29. Elstar Apple Jeroen Scharroo
30. Chanel 2.55 Jeannie Suk Gersen
31. Lego Brick Dan Hunter and Julian Thomas
32. Barbie Doll Dan Hunter and Greg Lastowka
33. Coca-Cola Bottle Jacob Gersen and C. Scott Hemphill
34. Zapruder Film Brian L. Frye
35. Audiotape Cassette Robin Wright
36. Action Figure Jason Bainbridge
37. RAM-Chip Jake Goldenfein
38. Football Michael J. Madison
VI. The Digital Now:
39. Polymer Banknote Tom Spurling
40. Post-it Note Stavroula Karapapa
41. Betamax Julian Thomas
42. Escalator Megan M. Carpenter
43. 3D Printer Dinusha Mendis
44. CD Matthew David
45. Internet Jonathan Zittrain
46. Wi-Fi Router Terry Healy
47. Viagra Pill Graham Dutfield
48. Qantas Skybed Mitchell Adams
49. Mike Tyson Tattoo Marie Hadley
50. Bitcoin Primavera De Filippi.
More information here

14 February 2019

PRIZE: Peter Gonville Stein Book Award - American Society for Legal History (DEADLINE 15 MAR 2019)

(image source: Squire Law Library)


The Peter Gonville Stein Book Award is awarded annually for the best book in legal history written in English. This award is designed to recognize and encourage the further growth of fine work in legal history that focuses on all non-US regions, as well as global and international history. To be eligible, a book must sit outside of the field of US legal history and be published during the previous calendar year. Announced at the annual meeting of the ASLH, this honor includes a citation on the contributions of the work to the broader field of legal history. A book may only be considered for the Stein Award, the Reid Award, or the Cromwell Book Prize. It may not be nominated for more than one of these three prizes.

The Stein Award is named in memory of Peter Gonville Stein, BA, LLB (Cantab); PhD (Aberdeen); QC; FBA; Honorary Fellow, ASLH, and eminent scholar of Roman law at the University of Cambridge, and made possible by a generous contribution from an anonymous donor. Read more about Dr. Stein here.

For the 2019 prize, the Stein Award Committee will accept nominations of any book (not including textbooks, critical editions, and collections of essays) that bears a copyright date of 2018 as it appears on the printed version of the book. Translations into English may be nominated, provided they are published within two years of the publication date of the original version.

Nominations for the Stein Award (including self-nominations) should be submitted by March 15, 2019. Please send an e-mail to the Committee at steinaward@aslh.net and include: (1) a curriculum vitae of the author (including the author’s e-mail address); and (2) the name, mailing address, e-mail address, and phone number of the contact person at the press who will provide the committee with two copies of the book. This person will be contacted shortly after the deadline. (If a title is short-listed, four further copies will be requested from the publisher.)

Please contact the committee chair, Matthew Mirow, with any questions at mirowm@fiu.edu

(source: ASLH/Prof. Matthew Mirow)

JOBS: PhD and Postdoc Scholarships, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt am Main (DEADLINE 31 MAY 2019)

(source: blogger)

Every year we welcome numerous researchers and scholarship holders from all over the world who come to Frankfurt in order to get in touch with other researchers in a productive working atmosphere and to conduct research in our library with its many special collections.
The MPIeR awards several fellowships for a research stay at the Institute in 2020.
For 2020 the main areas of research pursued at the Institute are:
Department I – Professor Stefan Vogenauer
  • Legal transfer in the common law world
  • History of European Union Law
  • Fundamental issues concerning legal reception
Department II – Professor Thomas Duve
  • History of legal historiography: traditions of writing legal history
  • Law and diversity: legal historical perspectives
  • Glocalicing normativities in Iberian Imperial territories (15th – 19th century)
Deadline for applications is May 31st 2019.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

PODCAST: Medieval History for Fun and Profit by Dr. Alice Rio and Dr. Alice Taylor




King’s College Dr. Alice Rio and Dr. Taylor have recently made a podcast called “Medieval History for Fun and Profit”. Episode 13 deals with justice in the Middle Ages.

How fair was what passed for a criminal justice system?” How could the concern for justice be so universal, yet exclude so many people? Were lords less likely to be convicted than poor people? (And what about pigs or butterflies?) Listen and find out.

The full podcast can be found here

BOOK: Dagmar HERZOG, Unlearning Eugenics : Sexuality, Reproduction, and Disability in Post-Nazi Europe (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2018). ISBN 9780299319205, $39.95


(Source: UW Press)

University of Wisconsin press has published a new book on reproductive rights and disability rights in postwar Europe.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Since the defeat of the Nazi Third Reich and the end of its horrific eugenics policies, battles over the politics of life, sex, and death have continued and evolved. Dagmar Herzog documents how reproductive rights and disability rights, both latecomers to the postwar human rights canon, came to be seen as competing—with unexpected consequences.

Bringing together the latest findings in Holocaust studies, the history of religion, and the history of sexuality in postwar—and now also postcommunist—Europe, Unlearning Eugenics shows how central the controversies over sexuality, reproduction, and disability have been to broader processes of secularization and religious renewal. Herzog also restores to the historical record a revelatory array of activists: from Catholic and Protestant theologians who defended abortion rights in the 1960s–70s to historians in the 1980s–90s who uncovered the long-suppressed connections between the mass murder of the disabled and the Holocaust of European Jewry; from feminists involved in the militant "cripple movement" of the 1980s to lawyers working for right-wing NGOs in the 2000s; and from a handful of pioneers in the 1940s–60s committed to living in intentional community with individuals with cognitive disability to present-day disability self-advocates.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR 

Dagmar Herzog is a Distinguished Professor of History and Daniel Rose Faculty Scholar at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. Her many books include Cold War Freud: Psychoanalysis in an Age of Catastrophes and Sexuality in Europe: A Twentieth-Century History.

More information here

13 February 2019

CALL FOR ABSTRACT: British Association of Comparative Law (BACL) Postgraduate Research Workshop on Comparative Law (Lancaster, 11-12 April 2019) (DEADLINE: 15 February 2019)



We learned of the 2019 Postgraduate Workshop on Comparative Law at Lancaster University. Here the call:

The School of Law, Lancaster University, will host the 2019 BACL Postgraduate Workshop on Comparative Law on 11th-12th April 2019.

The BACL Postgraduate Workshop on Comparative Law is designed for doctoral students working on dissertations in the field of comparative legal studies and related subjects. In a round-table setting, the 2-day workshop will address both the benefits and methodological problems of postgraduate research in comparative law. Participants will be provided with an opportunity to present their own work and thus gain useful feedback from their peers, as well academics in the field.

The workshop will take place on the Lancaster University campus, beginning lunchtime Thursday, 11th April. The workshop will include plenary sessions, but the emphasis is on student presentations and group discussion.

Students interested in participating in the workshop should submit an abstract of no more than 300 words and a short biographical note using the BACL PG Workshop Application Form  The organisers welcome abstracts considering all aspects of comparative law. Applications should be sent to Dr Mary Guy - m.guy2@lancaster.ac.uk - by Friday, 15 February 2019.   Successful applicants will be informed shortly after.

BACL is subsidising the costs of this event, which is also sponsored by Intersentia, but a student contribution will be required. The contribution will be £35 for students from BACL member institutions* and £40 for students from non-member institutions. This includes participation in the workshop, lunch and refreshments as well as evening dinner on the 11th April. (Your institution may be able to assist with the costs.)

Students will also be expected to pay for and organise their own transport to Lancaster, as well as their overnight campus accommodation (£49.50 B&B per night).

* Current BACL member institutions include: Aberdeen, Birmingham, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, City, Edinburgh, Essex, Glasgow, Jersey Institute of Law, Kent, Lancaster, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham, Oxford, SOAS, Strathclyde, UEA, Warwick.

OPEN ACCESS SPECIAL ISSUE: Clio@Thémis 15 (Droit et anthropologie. Archéologie d’un savoir et enjeux contemporains)

(image source: Clio@Thémis)

Introduction. Un nouvel agenda pour l’anthropologie du droit ? (Frédéric Audren &  Laetitia Guerlain)

Difficulté et nécessité de l’anthropologie du droit (Louis Asser-Andrieux)
Abstract:
This article aims to deepen the understanding of the Western legal tradition with the instruments of cultural anthropology. Recalling the properties of legal reason, it opens the way for a new relationship between law and anthropology. It also warns against the temptation to extend the domination of this Western reason over other societies and cultures.
Les juristes humanistes de la Renaissance, des anthropologues en puissance ? Réflexions autour de quelques études (principalement françaises) de cas (Géraldine Cazals)
Abstract:
Questioning the role played by jurists – mainly French – in the history of anthropology during the Renaissance, this article highlights the way in which humanist jurists found themselves, through their philological and historical work, at the heart of an immense collection of ethnographic knowledge. It shows how the extend of the progress in cosmography and legal comparatism allowed them to develop reflections of an anthropological nature. In doing so, it is necessary not only to focus on the contribution of humanist jurists to anthropology, but also to include the development of anthropology in the Renaissance in an epistémè belonging the legal field.
Law and Rationality : A Historiographical Survey of the Understanding of Motivation and Human Agency in Early Legal Anthropology (Kaius Tuori)
Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to examine how nineteenth-century legal science conceptualized and dealt with otherness in law, with examples of legal phenomena such as ordeal and blood revenge to illustrate how the concept of legal rationality evolved in the early legal anthropology and how it still influences our understanding of legal otherness. It provides new insights on how, in the treatment of specific legal institutions, the ideas of reason and rationality could change as scholars used European medieval history to aid in the understanding of indigenous cultures.
Droit colonial et anthropologie.Expertises ethniques, enquêtes et études raciales dans l’outre-mer français (Fin du XIXe siècle-1946) (Silvia Falconieri)
Abstract:
In the context of 19th- and 20th-century French colonialism, anthropological knowledge plays a crucial role when it comes to legally categorising colonised populations. What are the forms, modalities and aims at stake when the law encountered that other knowledge ? What is the anthropology of colonial legal experts ? How are the knowledge, tools and techniques of anthropology mobilised by colonial jurists, and what are the consequences ? In the light of these questions, this article tackles the issues at stake when colonial law met physical and racial anthropology in the shaping of the statuses of subject and citizen in the French Empire. The analysis of the particular case of the non-recognised Métis being granted French citizenship shows that specialists in colonial law made extensive use of contemporaneous anthropological studies. Not only did they appropriate the contents of anthropological research, but they also learned a method which was to be mobilized in the judicial proceeding. In the 1920s, « ethnic expertise » and investigation became the pillars of a new legal proceeding that was, in large part, the result of the rapprochement of colonial law and racial anthropology.
René Maunier, Album graphique de la statistique criminelle de l’Égypte (1890-1918) (Alain Chenu)
Abstract:
As the head of statistics at the Egyptian ministery of Justice, René Maunieur drew up a « graphic album of penal statistics in Egypt » (1918), describing the trends in crime and offences registered by the « indigeneous jusrisdictions » from 1890 to 1918. This set of tables, curves, maps, and histograms follows an « explanatory note » where the author defined his guidelines and reviewed the literature in the field of criminal statistics in Egypt. In his presentation, Alain Chenu invites to an upgrading of Maunier’s involvement in the use of statistical methods, and tries to answer a question : why has Maunier, later on, left behind statistics ?
Entre science juridique et savoirs anthropologiques : évolutionnisme et histoire comparée du droit chez Émile Jobbé-Duval (1851-1931) (Laetitia Guerlain)
Abstract:
This paper sketches the intellectual portrait of Roman law professor Émile Jobbé-Duval. It tries to analyse the way the author combines legal history with the anthropological and evolutionnist literature of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. This article therefore reassesses the contribution of the French jurists to the making of legal anthropology. Their works have indeed been deeply influenced by their anthropological readings, which they have mobilised by using intertextuality
Une brève historiographie de « pluralisme juridique » : quand les usages d’une notion en font un instrument de luttes politiques (Albane Geslin)
Abstract:
My basic argument is that “legal pluralism” (concept and words) is, in anthropological discourses, not only a descriptive notion, but above all a political struggles tool. Those struggles take place on three fields : scientific, academic, and ethical. All of them contest State and its law, its role in social-lige and how jurists legitimize this role.
La reconnaissance des peuples autochtones comme sujets du droit international. Enjeux contemporains de l’anthropologie politique en dialogue avec le droit (Irène Bellier)
Abstract:
This article explains how the relational political category [Indigenous Peoples] raises new debates in anthropology and law. By returning to linguistic issues – as the statement of this international category varies according to the dominant languages and its uses fall into various political contexts – it specifies the stakes of the differentiation between the terms « people » and « population », the [s] making a difference in English (the working language of the United Nations) between people (individuals) and peoples (collective). The treatment of indigenous issues induces a series of epistemological transformations stimulating an analytical reflection on the institutions and forms of government of the collective. New areas of dialogue between anthropology and law emerge from this perspective, particularly on the meaning of law, on land issues that must be reconsidered in the light of the pressure of multinational companies (extractive or agro-industrial) on indigenous territories and on systemic classifications.
 Legalism : a turn to history in the anthropology of law (Fernanda Prie)
Abstract:
Notorious definitional debates have characterized the anthropology of law, and scholars have not reached consensus over how “law” is to be distinguished from other social phenomena. This article suggests that light can be shed upon this issue by combining the insights of anthropologists and historians. Careful comparison among empirical examples highlights the importance of texts and the legal form. Case studies from Tibet are used to illustrate these points and draw attention to the phenomenon of legalism, that is, the use of generalizing rules and abstract categories to describe and organise the world. This provides a basis for exploring the nature and significance of law, both in the modern world and societies of the past.

L’ethnologie juridique au Collège de France : le cours de Jacques Flach sur les Institutions primitives (1892-1904) (Frédéric Audren & Jacques Flach)
Abstract:
This paper presents Jacques Flach’s Collège de France course in primitive law, which he taught from 1892 until 1904. It insists on the specificity of his historical and comparative approach. Ever attentive to studying institutions in their context, Flach proposes an innovative interpretation of feudalism, seeks to write a global history of law and endeavours to stress the institutional alterity of primitive societies. Flach is therefore among the first scholars to teach social and legal anthropology in France.
Discover all fulltexts here.

BOOK: Heather L. FERGUSON, The Proper Order of Things : Language, Power, and Law in Ottoman Administrative Discourses (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781503603561, $70.00



Stanford University Press has published a new book on Ottoman law, using textual analysis of legal documents to show “how their formulation of the "proper order of things" configured the state itself

ABOUT THE BOOK

he "natural order of the state" was an early modern mania for the Ottoman Empire. In a time of profound and pervasive imperial transformation, the ideals of stability, proper order, and social harmony were integral to the legitimization of Ottoman power. And as Ottoman territory grew, so too did its network of written texts: a web of sultanic edicts, aimed at defining and supplementing imperial authority in the empire's disparate provinces. With this book, Heather L. Ferguson studies how this textual empire created a unique vision of Ottoman legal and social order, and how the Ottoman ruling elite, via sword and pen, articulated a claim to universal sovereignty that subverted internal challengers and external rivals.

The Proper Order of Things offers the story of an empire, at once familiar and strange, told through the shifting written vocabularies of power deployed by the Ottomans in their quest to thrive within a competitive early modern environment. Ferguson transcends the question of what these documents said, revealing instead how their formulation of the "proper order of things" configured the state itself. Through this textual authority, she argues, Ottoman writers ensured the durability of their empire, creating the principles of organization on which Ottoman statecraft and authority came to rest.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Heather L. Ferguson is Associate Professor of Middle East and Ottoman History at Claremont McKenna College. She is Associate Editor of the International Journal of Islamic Architecture and Editor of the Review of Middle East Studies.

The ToC can be found here

More information here

BOOK: Duncan BELL (ed.), Empire, Race and Global Justice, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108427791, £ 75.00


(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press is publishing a new book on the role of race and empire in debates over global justice.

ABOUT THE BOOK

The status of boundaries and borders, questions of global poverty and inequality, criteria for the legitimate uses of force, the value of international law, human rights, nationality, sovereignty, migration, territory, and citizenship: debates over these critical issues are central to contemporary understandings of world politics. Bringing together an interdisciplinary range of contributors, including historians, political theorists, lawyers, and international relations scholars, this is the first volume of its kind to explore the racial and imperial dimensions of normative debates over global justice.

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Duncan BellUniversity of Cambridge
Duncan Bell is a Reader in Political Thought and International Relations at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: empire, race, and global justice Duncan Bell
1. Reparations, history, and the origins of global justice Katrina Forrester
2. The doctor's plot: the origins of the philosophy of human rights Samuel Moyn
3. Corporations, universalism and the domestication of race in international law Sundhya Pahuja
4. Race and global justice Charles W. Mills
5. Association, reciprocity and emancipation: a transnational account of the politics of global justice Inés Valdez
6. Global justice: just another modernisation theory? Anne Phillips
7. Globalizing global justice Margaret Kohn
8. Challenging liberal belief: Edward said and the critical practice of history Jeanne Morefield
9. Cosmopolitan just war and coloniality Kimberley Hutchings
10. Indigenous peoples, settler colonialism, and global justice in Anglo-America Robert Nichols
11. Decolonizing borders, self-determination, and global justice Catherine Lu.

More information here

CALL FOR PAPERS: Revue Noesis (DEADLINE: 1 June 2019)



The revue Noesis (the journal of the Centre de Recherches en Histoire des Idées de l’Université de Nice) has launched a call for contributions for a double-volume on “the philosophy of customary law ”. Here the call :

For more than 20 years, the peer-reviewed journal Noesis has been at the forefront of French contemporary philosophy. Affiliated to the Center for Research in the History of Ideas (CRHI) of the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Noesis publishes two special editions a year, collecting paper around a topic chosen by its scientific committee. The Philosophy of Customary Law will be the name of the Spring 2020 double issue. It follows the organization of a conference on the “Philosophy of Customary Law” in May 2018.

The call

Far from considering the phrase « customary law » as a self-evident truth, papers will aim at identifying and trying to solve the many tensions created by the juxtaposition of two separate but parallel forms of social regulation: law and custom. What matters then is to investigate the ambiguity behind the very idea of customary law. Does it point out one more sort of law, or does it designate an autonomous kind of law, with its own features and not reducible to the law?

Answering these questions requires without any doubts an enquiry about the peculiar dynamics of customary law, grounded on both empiricist and theoretical perspectives. To know whether it is a form among others of law or it is specific enough to be called a genus of law, it is crucial to define its principles. If this law is called customary it is because custom is key to it as a source of law. Understanding the specific features of customary law means therefore striving to understand what role custom plays to shape the very nature of customary law.

It will be necessary to investigate the way the main role assigned to customs determines the very existence of specific institutions and peculiar criteria of the bigger law frame that regulates the individual. Any legal system that includes custom as its element must establish spatial, temporal and logical frame of custom proofs. Nevertheless, Anglo-Saxon Common law and its peculiar principles mustn’t overshadow any attempt to grasp the principles and the peculiarities of customary law; and we will be particularly sensitive to the way the customary law settles in pluralist contexts, where different customary laws can be concurrent. In these conditions the interaction between law and custom takes the shape of a normative conflict more than of a coherent customary law.

Exploring the limits and the fictions of customary procedures adopted by the Common Law could be the first step of both a new deployment of the customary law potential and an enquiry about its foundations. Indeed, it would be of extreme interest to study the different forms of customary law in eras where the Common Law model is spreading at different levels and domains, especially in international law, and where customary law is adopted in de-colonized regions where the law system is marked by a strong plurality of contexts.

Peculiar stakes of these contexts force to investigate both the limits and the flexibility of customary law. Do evolutions of scales and domains concern the essence of customary law, if this nature exists? Or are they only variations of a single nature beyond the peculiarities of each embodiment? It will also be necessary – among other issues – to address the specific effectiveness of customary law, and to determine if it lays on the same constraint as the law; and if it is supported by peculiar institutions and applications. The question of the role of the sanction is in this respect essential.

In the wake of these reflections it is necessary to note that custom is reduced to the status of simple source of the law in every law called customary, and is therefore deprived of every autonomous form of normative power. It is not custom that is not acknowledged as custom according to the processes required and in the name of the institutions and criteria defined by law. In this case, custom is not anything more than one of the many possible sources of law, and concurring with them; it has not a primary juridical existence.

This is the reason why John Austin could so easily disqualify custom self-sufficiency, arguing – with Hobbes and against the historical school – that the very nature of law prevents custom to be effective on its own besides the implicit or explicit, direct or indirect acknowledgement by the sovereign. One of the main ambitions of this collective publication would be indeed to question Austin’s position. This could in turn allow to address the issue of the substantial or accessory priority of the phrase « customary law ». Beyond this lies the very issue of the autonomy of custom as a social regulation tool.

In order to do that, one could be tempted to consider what disappears of custom and what does not, in customary law, so as to really understand its very nature. This brings us to discuss the specific subject of the codification of custom, the cornerstone of customary law. This codification is neverde facto a neutral act, and it will be more relevant to point out from every point of view all the implicit tensions of the codification, which standardize and stabilize power balances or social and economic struggles. One of the axes of the study, already well known in social science but overlooked by philosophy, would be that of interaction between formal law and custom in de- colonized countries.

Legal codification is one of these moments when powers and knowledge meet with most intensity. The “historical school” of law maintained the necessity of combining law studies with humanities, and we can now include social sciences such as economy, anthropology and sociology. We will therefore investigate which place these disciplines can or should have within the codification and definition of custom; we will also enquiry about their legitimacy, methods and approaches.

The question arises of which place one should give to specific case studies in this volume. It is clear that they must be crucial while studying customary law as a theoretical object; but no discourse should be limited to a series of descriptions of different customary laws.

The following, non-exhaustive list of questions should allow to prefigure various leads:
Does « customary law » locution show a specific mode of social regulation between the juridical and the customary? Is custom a source of law? Or could be considered as an object beyond or before it? Does a specific form of customary law exist despite its different expressions? Does a model of customary law exist – such as the international law?

Which transformations does custom endure when integrated with the « customary law »? Which philosophical implications does codification of custom produce within customary law? Which are the stakes of the very existence of customary law in pluralist and decolonized contexts? What are the relationships between customary law on one side and moral or juridical standards such as human rights on the other? What is the place of customary law within social change dynamics?

Which interactions and which concerns exist about humanities, social sciences and law with respect to custom? Which are the links of customary law with localities, territories, their history and their social displaying? How different disciplines of social and human sciences allow to reflect upon these phenomena and their conflict with law’s peculiar formality?

Submissions
The committee and the editors will make their selection from a set of complete papers only.
Proposals will not be reviewed.

Papers may be as long as 35.000 characters / 7.500 words. This does not include: the main title, abstracts, footnotes, the author’s presentation etc. Only the main text counts in the total of words.
Papers may be written in French, English and Italian only. They should be sent to the following email addresses altogether, by June 1st, 2019.
noesis@listes.unice.fr edoardo.frezet@gmail.com marc.goetzmann@unice.fr luke.mason@bcu.ac.uk
To ensure an unbiased selection, the document must be anonymous. It must be modifiable, therefore .doc files are preferable. Please include in your email a separate document that states your name, affiliation, topics of interests. We should provide an answer by August 1st, 2019.

Then, selected papers might need some modifications. The final versions of the papers will be dueby September 15, 2019.

(Source: Hi-D)