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22 January 2019

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: Post-doctoral Fellowship, Northwestern Center For Legal Studies and Jack Miller Center for Teaching America's Founding Principles and History (DEADLINE: 15 February 2019)



Via Law & Humanities Blog, we learned of a call for applications for a post-doctoral fellowship at Northwestern University.

Northwestern’s Center for Legal Studies is pleased to continue a collaborative partnership with the Jack Miller Center for Teaching America’s Founding Principles and History. We seek applications for the centerpiece of the partnership: a two-year post-doctoral fellowship held in residence at Northwestern University’s Center for Legal Studies beginning September 1, 2019.

A strong preference will be given to candidates working at the intersections of constitutional innovation, politics, and law in the context of the rise of eighteenth century invention, new understandings of property, the Enlightenment, and the creation of the United States. Particularly encouraged to apply are candidates in legal history, the history of political and economic thought, and/or political theory whose work is empirically grounded in the eighteenth century but has significant contemporary implications for questions of constitutionalism, liberty, equality, and democracy.

The post-doctoral fellow will offer three courses per year on topics pertaining to early American and Atlantic Enlightenment history, political and economic thought, and/or social science. In addition to engaging in an active research and publishing agenda, the candidate is expected to provide a reasonable amount of assistance with organizing other activities associated with the Fellowship and the Legal Studies Program. The annual salary for the fellow is $50,000, plus fringe benefits and a $1,500 renewable annual research budget. The fellow is required to organize and participate in several activities associated with Jack Miller Center events at Northwestern. These activities include producing an essay on the fellow’s work; participating in the Annual Jack Miller Faculty Development Summer Institute for professors; working with Legal Studies faculty hosting a website that features the fellow’s work and other activities related to the Jack Miller Center; and planning, attending, and participating in the Law in Motion Lecture series. Generous funds are available to bring in scholars central to the fellow’s own scholarship for such events. This is a nine-month faculty appointment, and applicant must have a Ph.D. in hand by September 1, 2019.

Applicants should submit a cover letter stating qualifications and field of interest, a CV, a writing sample, a sample syllabus of a proposed course, and two letters of recommendation. Northwestern University is an Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action Employer of all protected classes, including veterans and individuals with disabilities. Women, racial and ethnic minorities, individuals with disabilities, and veterans are encouraged to apply. Hiring is contingent upon eligibility to work in the United States. Applications should be submitted no later than February 15, 2019.

Please contact Ann Kelchner a-kelchner@northwestern.edu with questions.

BOOK: Antonio R. PARRA, The History of ICSID, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198834083, $38.95


(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press has recently published the paperback version of “The History of ICSID”

ABOUT THE BOOK

Now available in paperback, the second edition of The History of ICSID details the history and development of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and its constituent treaty, the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States.

Antonio Parra, the first Deputy Secretary-General of ICSID, traces the immediate origins of the Convention, in the years 1955 to 1962, and gives a stage-by-stage narrative of the drafting of the Convention between 1962 and 1965. He recounts details of bringing the Convention into force in 1966 and the elaboration of the initial versions of the Regulations and Rules of ICSID adopted at the first meetings of its Administrative Council in 1967. The four periods 1968 to 1988, 1989 to 1999, 2000 to 2010, and 2011 to 2015 are covered in separate chapters which examine the expansion of the Centre's activities and changes made to the Regulations and Rules over the years. There are also overviews of the conciliation and arbitration cases submitted to ICSID in the respective periods, followed by discussions of selected cases and key issues within them. A concluding chapter discusses some of the broad themes and findings of the book, examines how ICSID might meet several large new challenges facing it, and outlines several possible further changes of its rules and procedures
The book offers unique insight into the establishment and design of ICSID, as well as into how the institution evolved and its relationship with the World Bank over the 50 years since the establishment of ICSID. It is essential reading for those involved in this field.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Antonio R. Parra, Consultant with the Corporate Secretariat of the World Bank

Antonio R. Parra served as the first Deputy Secretary-General of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) from 1999 to 2005 and was Legal Adviser at ICSID from 1990 to 1999. His earlier positions include Senior Counsel, ICSID; Counsel, Office of the Senior Vice President and General Counsel, World Bank; Counsel, Policy and General Affairs, World Bank; Assistant Legal Counsel, OPEC Fund for International Development; and Research Staffer, OPEC Secretariat. At the World Bank's Legal Vice Presidency and ICSID, Mr Parra worked on the establishment of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency and the preparation of the World Bank Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment. He is an Honorary Secretary-General of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (having been Secretary General from 2004 to 2010) and a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction
2. Origins of the Convention
3. Broches's "Working Paper"
4. The Preliminary Draft of the Convention
5. Finalizing the Text of the Convention
6. Establishment and Launch of the Centre
7. ICSID's First Two Decades
8. Aspects of the Early Cases
9. ICSID from 1989 to 1999
10. ICSID from 2000 to 2010
11. "The Premier International Arbitration Facility in the World"
12. Conclusion

More information here

21 January 2019

JOURNAL: Thematic Issue "Merchants and commercial conflicts in European History" (Continuity and Change, A Journal of Social Structure, Law and Demography in Past Societies XXXIII (2018), No. 3)

(image source: Cambridge Core)

Alain Wijffels, Introduction: Commercial quarrels--and how (not) to handle them
Abstract:
The settlement of structural commercial conflicts of interest cannot be exclusively subsumed under the heading of dispute resolution. Even when a particular conflict opposing specific individuals or groups of interests could be settled, the broader underlying conflicts of interest would subsist and re-emerge. Both commercial and institutional or political actors would therefore rely on various techniques of conflict management, a process imposing restraint on the opposing parties while allowing sufficient leeway for business to be continued. Both conflict resolution and conflict management were devices of public and corporate governance, and therefore, following the late medieval tradition, instruments more or less based on established patterns of legal or quasi-legal models legitimised by accepted or conventional parameters of ‘justice’
Flávio Miranda, Conflict Management in western Europe: the case of the Portuguese merchants in England, Flanders and Normandy, 1250-1500
Abstract:
Recent historiography argues that the legal autonomy of municipal governments created the necessary conditions for successful commercial transactions and economic growth in certain parts of Europe in the later Middle Ages, and that these features attracted foreign merchants. This article uses empirical data from England, Flanders and Normandy to test the following questions: were there significant differences in rules, laws and institutions between one place and another in late medieval western Europe? Were the Portuguese merchants drawn to markets that hypothetically had more effective institutions? The findings demonstrate that legal institutions and conflict management were very similar across western Europe, and that there is no evidence that the Portuguese opted for trading in a certain market because of its effective institutions. Moreover, the article claims that the merchants seemed to prioritise protection and privilege while trading abroad, and it highlights the role of commercial diplomacy in conflict management.
Thomas K. Heebøll-Holm, Law, order and plunder at sea: a comparison of England and France in the fourteenth century
Abstract:
This article addresses the management of maritime plunder and conflict in the waters of England and France in the fourteenth century. It argues that during this century a fundamental change occurred. Around 1300, maritime conflict was handled by recourse to the strictly civil law merchant and law maritime, or by Marcher law. However by the 1350s and 1360s the kings of England and France, moved by contemporary political events and theories of sovereignty at sea, created courts of Admiralty that challenged the previous systems’ jurisdiction. These initiatives eventually paved the way for the criminalisation of private maritime conflict.
Justyna Wubs-Mrozewicz, The late medieval and early modern Hanse as an institution of conflict management
Abstract:
Ever since research on the Hanse began in the nineteenth century, there have been repeated efforts to redefine the boundaries and the core of the phenomenon. Views of the Hanse have evolved, and it has been seen by turns as a profoundly German league of towns, and as a network or organisation of towns and traders that was present in commercial centres and harbours from Novgorod to Portugal, and from Norway to Italy. In more general discussions on the institutional development of commerce in Europe, many of them influenced by the New Institutional Economics, the Hanse has even appeared as a mega-guild. The revival of the field of institutional economics and the history of commerce in pre-modern Europe has recently spawned a reappraisal of Hanseatic sources. The present article contributes to this debate by arguing that from the perspective of conflict management, the late medieval and early modern Hanse was an institution. There were several institutional mechanisms, such as a strong preference for mediation and arbitration in conflicts between individuals, as well as a mediation strategy for internal conflicts between towns. All of these mechanisms combined in a multifaceted institution of conflict management, which represented the added value of Hanse membership for traders, and for their towns.
Andrea Caracausi, A reassessment of the role of guild courts in disputes over apprenticeship contracts: a case study from early modern Italy
Abstract:
This article analyses the mechanisms of conflict resolution in apprenticeship contracts using a large database of disputes from early modern Italy. It finds that the guild court under investigation (the Padua Woollen Guild court) did not enforce training contracts, but rather sought to improve on incomplete contracts by adding clauses, thereby helping individuals renegotiate and redefine the contractual arrangements into which they had decided to enter. However, power relations within the court operated largely in favour of employers, both merchants and master craftsmen. The article concludes that alternative contract enforcement systems, such as municipal or state courts, were probably better suited than corporative systems for resolving disputes surrounding apprenticeship.
Read more on Cambrige Core.

(source: Legal History Blog)

SEMINAR: La république européenne des bureaux. Une histoire documentaire des pouvoirs (XVe-XVIIIe siècles) (Paris: ENC, 22 JAN-4 JUN 2019)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Seminar abstract:
Le séminaire vise à étudier le fait administratif, de la Renaissance aux Lumières, en mettant l’accent sur les pratiques documentaires, ainsi que sur les circulations qui les structurent. Nous explorons l’émergence des bureaucraties en Europe et leur consolidation par et pour la mise en circulation à différentes échelles des papiers d’État. Ce séminaire se situe à l’intersection de l’histoire sociale et matérielle des pouvoirs, des réseaux et des cultures politiques sur le temps long de l’époque moderne. C’est à hauteur d’homme et de plume que nous analyserons l’agencement institutionnel des autorités publiques. Suivant en cela les apports récents de l’historiographie des administrations en Europe, nous porterons l’attention sur le rôle des écrits administratifs dans les processus de politisation et de décision. Les questionnements principaux s’appuieront sur l’analyse de pratiques documentaires et d’usages administratifs comparés. Les modalités de circulations comme les transferts, l’hybridation et l’acculturation seront interrogées de manière privilégiée de sorte à soumettre à enquête l’hypothèse d’une république européenne des bureaux.
Organisers: Johann Petitjean (Poitiers) and Jérémie Ferrer-Bartomeu (Tours).

See full programme here.

(source: AHMUF)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Law, Trade and the Sea: Discovering Maritime Trade in the Roman World (Helsinki, 12-13 September 2019) (DEADLINE: 10 March 2019)



We learned of a CFP for a workshop on Roman maritime trade (via fasticongressuum)

The ancient Roman Empire utilized, promoted and relied upon long-distance maritime trade in a scale unprecedented in the ancient world. This led to the development of both trade networks that made possible the growth of urban centres, water-related infrastructures and economic specialization, but also a normative framework, which enabled trade and commerce across political, linguistic and cultural boundaries. The purpose of this workshop is to explore the emergence of the Roman system of maritime trade both as a logistical and a normative enterprise. The technology of transportation, from the ships to the ports and warehouses, developed in tandem with the rules that governed that trade.

FECHA LÍMITE/DEADLINE/SCADENZA: 10/03/2019
FECHA CONGRESO/CONGRESS DATE/DATA CONGRESSO: 12-13/09/2019
ORGANIZADOR/ORGANIZER/ORGANIZZATORE:  
INFO: lawtradeandthesea@gmail.com

CALL:   
The conference will benefit of communications that place legal theory versus daily sea practices. The organizers invite paper proposals for a number of central themes relating to the topic.

The issues addressed are:
- Food distribution and the annona;
- Taxation;
- Socio-legal structure of maritime enterprises;
- Administration and regulation of port environments
- Risks and hazards of seafaring (e.g. piracy)
- Financing maritime trade
- Stockage and warehousing
- Freedom of navigation and the administration of trade (migration, control of movement)
- Interaction between native and Roman law (issues of compliance and enforcement, dispute resolution)

The proposals should be 400-500 words long and accompanied by a short CV of the author.
Confirmed keynote speakers:
-Prof. Eva Jakab (University of Szeged, Hungary)
-Prof. Roberto Fiori ("Tor Vergata" University, Rome)
-Prof. Simon J. Keay (BSR, BA, University of Southampton, UK)

With the collaboration of:
Law, Governance and Space. Questioning the Foundations of the
Republican Tradition (Spacelaw),
Funded by the European Research Council.
Helsinki Collegium for advanced Studies

There is no conference fee. The organizers are unfortunately unable to aid in either travel arrangements or the cost of travel. The deadline for abstracts is March 10th, 2019. The proposals should be sent to lawtradeandthesea@gmail.com

18 January 2019

SSRN PAPER: Oona HATHAWAY & Scott SHAPIRO, "International Law and Its Transformation Through the Outlawry of War", forthcoming in International Affairs

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Abstract:
The First World War was the last great war of what we have called the “old world order” — the legal regime that European states adopted in the seventeenth century and spent the next three centuries imposing on the rest of the globe. This order formed the basis of what scholars call “classical international law.” But this body of rules differed starkly from the ones that governs today: The old world order did not just sanction war, it relied on and rewarded it. States were permitted to wage war to right any legal wrong, and the right of the victors to extract territory and treasure from the losers was legally guaranteed. That all began to change when the nations of the world decided to outlaw war in the 1928 Kellogg-Briand treaty. As a result, the rules governing international behaviour have transformed radically — indeed, they are the polar opposite of what they once were. This article describes the decision to outlaw war and the transformation it unleashed in the world order generally, and in international law specifically. We argue that a simple but perplexing fact—that modern international law prohibits states from using force to enforce international law — is key to understanding international law and state behavior in the modern era.
Download the fulltext here.

(source: Legal History Blog)

JOURNAL: Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History III (2018), No. 2

(image source: ILReports)

  • Articles
    • S. Harris, Arbitration at Vienna: Recasting the History of International Dispute Resolution
    • V.I. Ivanenko, The Rising Generation of International Lawyers at St. Petersburg University: Zaremba and Spasovich
    • Mark W. Podvia, The Baltimore Incident and American Naval Expansion
    • O.O. Merezhko, The 1917 Russian Revolution and International Law
    • K.O. Savchuk & I.M. Protsenko, The Development of the Science of International Law at the Koretsky Institute of State and Law
    • J. Anderson, Currency Control, Exchange Contracts, and War: Boissevain v. Weil
    • Isaac Schaphorst, Brown v. United States and Confiscation of Enemy Property
  • Notes and Comments
    • V.I. Ivanenko, Kronid Malyshev and the Renaissance of Private International Law
    • W.E. Butler, On Teaching the History of International Law
    • I.O. Kresina & O.V. Kresin, The People as a Subject of International Law
  • Documents and Other Evidence of State Practice
    • P. Macalister-Smith & J. Schwietzke, Brief Calendar of International Practice for Spain and Portugal, 1641 to 1818

This journal can be accessed through HeinOnline.

More information with the Lawbook Exchange.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Non-Royal Rulership in the Earlier Medieval West, c. 600-1200 (University of Leeds, 8-9 April 2019) (DEADLINE: 31 JANUARY 2019)


(Source: Hsozkult)

Via Hsozkult, we learned of a call for papers for a conference on non-royal rulership in the earlier medieval West at the University of Leeds. The potential subjects include areas of interest to Medieval legal historians.

Between the breakdown of Roman rule and the sweeping legal and administrative changes of the later twelfth century, western Europe saw many types of rulers. The precise nature of their title and authority changed: dukes, counts, rectores, gastalds, ealdormen… These rulers were ubiquitous and diverse, but despite the variation between them, they all shared a need to conceptualise, to justify, and to exercise their rule without access to the ideological and governmental resources of kingship. This conference invites proposals for papers which will explore the political practices of non-royal rulers across the earlier medieval period, in order to understand how the ambiguities of a position of rule that was not kingship were resolved in their various inflections. […]

The full Call can be found here

17 January 2019

BOOK: Philippe DESAN (ed.), Dictionnaire Montaigne (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2018), 2015 p, ISBN 978-2-406-08309-2, € 49

(image source: Classiques Garnier)

Book summary:
Les 120 spécialistes mondiaux qui ont participé à la rédaction de ce Dictionnaire Montaigne tissent la toile de fond d'une œuvre monument. Ils offrent un accès direct à ses aspects essentiels par le biais de 749 entrées et de nombreux renvois intertextuels.
Table of contents here.

The book can be bought in electronic version or on paper here.

(source: Classiques Garnier newsletter)

BOOK: Robert CARVAIS and Cédric GLINEUR, (eds.), L’Etat en scènes. Théâtres, opéras, salles de spectacles du XVIe au XIXe siècle. Aspects historiques, politiques et juridiques (Amiens: CEPRISCA, 2018). ISBN 979-10-97323-02-8, €39.00


(Source: Hi-D)

Via Hi-D, we learned of the publication of a new book which includes several legal historical contributions on the link between theatre, opera and other public spectacles and the legitimation of public power between the 16th-19th century.

ABOUT THE BOOK

« Le pouvoir entretient une relation particulière avec le monde des spectacles. Souvent les princes se sont mis en scène au travers de protocoles minutieux. Parfois, ils ont eux-mêmes fait l’objet de spectacles dans lesquels les acteurs leur ont attribués des rôles taillés sur mesure allant du drame au burlesque.

Cependant, les spectacles ne se jouent pas seulement pour la Cour, dans les résidences royales ou impériales. Dès le XVIe siècle, les princes comprennent l’utilité politique des pièces de théâtre, qui peuvent servir à montrer leur puissance et à assurer leur propagande. Ils saisissent l’intérêt social de ces divertissements, appréciés et recherchés au sein des couches les plus aisées de la population. Autour de trois thèmes – la construction des salles, leur fonctionnement et leur programmation -, sont ici réunies vingt-neuf contributions répondant à une recherche européenne, comparatiste et interdisciplinaire destinée à confronter la vision des juristes, des historiens, des politistes et des sociologues » (Extrait de la présentation de la 4e de couverture).

 ABOUT THE EDITORS

Cédric GLINEUR est professeur d’histoire du droit à l’Université de Picardie Jules
Verne et dirige le Centre de droit privé et de sciences criminelles d’Amiens. Ses travaux
portent sur l’histoire administrative aux périodes moderne et contemporaine.
Robert CARVAIS est directeur de recherche CNRS, Centre de théorie et analyse du
droit, Université Paris Nanterre. Ses travaux portent sur la confrontation de l’histoire du
droit avec l’histoire des sciences, des arts et des techniques.

The ToC can be found here

(Source : Hi-D)

16 January 2019

DEADLINE EXTENDED: Identity, Citizenship and Legal History. XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians (Brussels, 5-8 JUN 2019); DEADLINE 15 FEB 2019

Identity, Citizenship and Legal History

XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians
Brussels, 5 – 8 June 2019

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Historically, the concept of citizenship encompassed three distinct, yet interconnected dimensions. The first and foremost dimension was of a legal nature: citizenship was a legal status which allowed one to act freely in accordance with the law and, when necessary, to claim its protection. In its second dimension citizenship presupposed one’s active participation in society’s political institutions. And last, though certainly not least, citizenship was closely linked to membership of a specific community that provided a distinct source of identity. All three dimensions were closely related to each other. This can perhaps be most aptly exemplified in the ancient boast of ‘Civis romanus sum!’, which encapsulated simultaneously a plea for legal rights, a republican sense of duty, and a distinctly Roman feeling of the imperial pride. Since the nineteenth century, these dimensions have been linked predominantly to the modern nation-state, a model which is nowadays increasingly challenged on the internal as well as the external level. Internally, many states are seen to be struggling with federalism, separatist movements, legacies of colonialism and right-wing identity politics. Externally, today’s governments are confronted with issues, such as climate change, demographic shifts, migration streams and a global and interdependent economic system, that require international cooperation or even supranational institutions.

The XXVth Annual Forum of the Young Legal Historians aims to shed light on these questions by looking at the legal history of the closely intertwined concepts of citizenship and legal history. Throughout history, citizenship and identity has been defined in different ways and at different levels. For instance, in antiquity the often smallish Greek poleis could hardly be compared to the expansive Roman Empire. Medieval life in Europe consisted of a feudal patchwork of kingdoms, principalities and free city-states, yet all were considered part of Christendom. Identity could also be determined by social class (e.g. aristocratic families) or by profession (e.g. the guilds). The nineteenth century saw the rise of nationalism and revolution, whilst at the same time European powers expanded their colonial empires. Despite these evolutions, it cannot be denied that there is also much continuity to be found. Although diversity and globalisation have reached an unprecedented scale and form today, these phenomena are not entirely new. Each era has had its international relations, its trades, wars, economic discrepancies, migrants and refugees.

There is, in short, enough reason to expect that we can learn from history. Such an endeavour necessitates a multidisciplinary approach since legal constructions can be fully appreciated only when combined with insights from the related fields of history, philosophy, political science and sociology. Therefore, the organizers welcome both traditional approaches in legal history and methodologically innovative research.

If you would like to present a paper during the conference, please send an application including an abstract of not more than 250 words and your CV to aylh2019@gmail.com before 15 February 2019. It is also possible to apply for a full panel. In that case, your proposal should also include, in addition to individual paper proposals, an abstract introducing the theme of the panel. Presentations have to be in English and should not exceed 20 minutes each. The conference fee will be € 100,- and does not include accommodation. Further information about the upcoming forum can be found at the website of the conference. Information about the Association of Young Legal Historians and the past Annual Forums is available at the AYLH-website.


BOOK: Jaume AURELL, Martin AURELL & Montserrat HERRERO (eds.), Le Sacré et la parole. Le serment au Moyen Page (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2018, 327 p. ISBN 978-2-406-08034-3, € 32

(image source: Classiques Garnier)

Book abstract:
Au Moyen Âge, le serment renforce le lien social. Ses manifestations éthiques et esthétiques sont alors nombreuses : sacre royal, vœu de croisade, traité de paix, foi féodale, adoubement chevaleresque, gage amoureux, mais aussi conjuration, parjure ou juron. Par contraste, la modernité efface le pacte juré.
See table of contents here.

Order the book online or on paper here.

(source: Classiques Garnier Newsletter)

JOB: Two PhD Positions or the Junior Research Group: “Law and the Creation of Dependency in the Ibero-Atlantic” (Frankfurt, MPIeR, DEADLINE 20 JAN 2019)

(image source: umantis)


On the institute:
The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt is a world leader in researching the history of law in Europe and beyond. Its two research departments with more than 60 scholars, the unrivalled collections of its specialised library and its numerous national and international partnerships make it the central research hub for a global scientific community investigating the past, present and future of legal regimes. The Institute belongs to the Max Planck Society, Germany’s most successful research organisation. Since its establishment in 1948, no fewer than 18 Nobel laureates have emerged from the ranks of its researchers, putting it on a par with the most prestigious research institutions worldwide. The mission of the Max Planck Society is to conduct fundamental (i.e., non-applied) research in the natural sciences, life sciences, social sciences and the humanities at the highest possible level. Its 84 Institutes and facilities are spread across Germany and beyond, and they focus on research fields that are particularly innovative and require unusually extensive resources. We are now looking to recruit as soon as possible (but no later than 1 May 2019)
Proposal:
 under the direction of Dr Mariana Armond Dias Paes
within the framework of the
Cluster of Excellence "Beyond Slavery and Freedom"
The Research GroupYou can find a description of the Junior Research Group Law and the Creation of Dependency in the Ibero-Atlantic here (please open in a new tab).

Your tasks
You will develop, coordinate and conduct a doctoral project in the frame of the Research Group’s scientific interests. The Research Group is part of the Cluster of Excellence “Beyond Slavery and Freedom” and integrates the activities of MPIeR Department II, under the direction of Prof. Dr. Thomas Duve.
Your doctoral thesis will preferably focus on regions not traditionally analyzed by legal historians. It is also highly expected that it will encompass an Atlantic perspective.
You will publish your findings and actively participate in the research activities of the Research Group, of the Institute, and of the Cluster of Excellence under the guidance of Dr Dias Paes.

Your profile
You hold a first-class or high-upper, second-class degree preferably in History or Law. Applicants should hold a master’s degree at the time the PhD contract is signed.
You can be already enrolled in a PhD program in any university worldwide. If that is not the case, we can discuss an enrollment in Germany or in another university in case your application for the PhD contract is approved.
You are fully proficient in Portuguese or Spanish. Since it is necessary for the everyday interactions and operations at the Institute, we expect you to be willing to learn German or English.
In selecting the candidates, interest and competence in archival research will be regarded as especially important.

Our offer
We offer an attractive and international work environment with unparalleled research infrastructure and a good working atmosphere. The candidate will have the opportunity to take part in an interdisciplinary international research group, benefit from continuous scientific exchange, a comprehensive library and the possibility of research stays in Germany and abroad. Payment and social benefits are based on the German Civil Service Collective Agreement (TVöD, EG 13 level 1, 65%). The job is a full-time position (currently 39 hours per week). The position is a fixed-term appointment for three years, with the possibility of extension in exceptional circumstances.
The Max Planck Society is committed to increasing the number disabled persons in its workforce and therefore encourages applications from such qualified individuals.
Furthermore, the Max Planck Society seeks to increase the number of women in those areas where they are underrepresented and therefore explicitly encourages women to apply.

Application procedure
Your application can be written in Portuguese or in Spanish and should contain the following documents:
1. Research Proposal (up to three pages)
2. CV
Strong candidates will be invited for an interview.
Practical:
Informal enquiries as to the substance of the research fields may be directed to Dr. Mariana Armond Dias Paes (diaspaes@rg.mpg.de).
Questions as to the terms and conditions of employment may be directed to Ms. Anna Heym (jobs@rg.mpg.de).
Your application must be submitted online via the link on our homepage (http://www.rg.mpg.de/job_offers) or via email (jobs@rg.mpg.de) by the closing date of 20 January 2019. 
(source: MPIeR newsletter)

PODCAST: Reading and Translating François Guizot's On Democracy in France (Ecole Nationale des Chartes/France Culture, 7 NOV 2017)


Introduction:
"De la Démocratie en France" de François Guizot, peut se lire comme une réponse immédiate aux événements qui ont bouleversé la "stabilité" bourgeoise, à savoir, la chute de Louis Philippe, la prise du pouvoir par le peuple, et la victoire de Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte en 1848.
C'est le mot souverain, universel. Tous les partis l'invoquent et veulent se l'approprier comme un talisman. Les monarchistes ont dit : "Notre monarchie est une monarchie démocratique. C'est par là qu'elle diffère essentiellement de l'ancienne monarchie et qu'elle convient à la société nouvelle.". Les républicains disent : "La République, c'est la démocratie se gouvernant elle-même. Ce gouvernement seul est en harmonie avec une société démocratique, avec ses principes, ses sentiments, ses intérêts.". Les socialistes, les communistes, les montagnards veulent que la République soit une démocratie pure, absolue. C'est pour eux la condition de sa légitimité. Tel est l'empire du mot démocratie que nul gouvernement, nul parti n'ose vivre, et ne croit le pouvoir, sans inscrire ce mot sur son drapeau, et que ceux-là se croient les plus forts qui portent ce drapeau plus haut et plus loin. Idée fatale, qui soulève ou fomente incessamment la guerre au milieu de nous, la guerre sociale ! (François Guizot) La politique éditoriale et la diffusion de cet ouvrage dans l’espace francophone, mais aussi à l’étranger et jusqu’aux Amériques, révèle les phénomènes particulièrement intéressants, qu’il s’agisse de la géographie et de la chronologie des transferts, de la "mise en livre", de la problématique de la réception, en Allemagne, Autriche, Espagne, Angleterre, Italie, Pologne, Portugal, Suède.
Discover the full podcast here.


15 January 2019

JOB: Two PhD-positions on Governance of the Universal Church after the Council of Trent – Max Planck Research Group (Frankfurt: MPIeR, DEADLINE 31 JAN 2019)

(image source: MPG)

Summary:
The Max Planck Research Group III investigates the emergence and development of the system of post-Tridentine global governance of the Catholic Church in depth from an interdisciplinary perspective over an extended period of time. It will do so by analysing the activity of the Congregations of the Council, the dicastery responsible for appropriately implementing the Council decisions in the entire Catholic world. We are now looking to recruit as soon as possible (but no later than 1 April 2019) two doctoral students who will develop a doctoral thesis preferably focused on the history of the Congregation of the Council in the early modern period (XVI-XVIII century).
Presentation:
 The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt is a world leader in researching the history of law in Europe and beyond. Its two research departments with more than 60 scholars, the unrivalled collections of its specialised library and its numerous national and international partnerships make it the central research hub for a global scientific community investigating the past, present and future of legal regimes. The Institute belongs to the Max Planck Society, Germany’s most successful research organisation. Since its establishment in 1948, no fewer than 18 Nobel laureates have emerged from the ranks of its researchers, putting it on a par with the most prestigious research institutions worldwide. The mission of the Max Planck Society is to conduct fundamental (i.e., non-applied) research in the natural sciences, life sciences, social sciences and the humanities at the highest possible level. Its 84 Institutes and facilities are spread across Germany and beyond, and they focus on research fields that are particularly innovative and require unusually extensive resources. We are now looking to recruit as soon as possible (but no later than 1 April 2019) two Doctoral Students in the context of the Max Planck Research Group III “Governance of the Universal Church after the Council of Trent: Papal Administrative Concepts and Practices as exemplified by the Congregations of the Council between the Early Modern Period and the Present” under the direction of Dr Benedetta Albani
Research group:
 The Max Planck Research Group III, comprising the director, three PhD candidates and several associated scholars, investigates the emergence and development of the system of post-Tridentine global governance of the Catholic Church in depth from an interdisciplinary perspective over an extended period of time. It will do so by analysing the activity of the Congregations of the Council, the dicastery founded in 1564, which was responsible for appropriately implementing the Council decisions in the entire Catholic world and to which the papal authority of authentic interpretation of the disciplinary decrees was delegated. The research focuses on specific topics, including the role of the Congregation of the Council in the complex translation processes of the Tridentine normative order in the Catholic world; the internal decision processes and operational procedures of the Congregation and the authority and validity of its decisions in the local churches; the valence of the Roman Curia as the interpretative and judicial authority at the global level; the coexistence of post-Tridentine canon law with preceding and different normative orders in Europe and beyond; the development of the concept of interpretation authentica from the Council of Trent until today. Existing cooperation with the Vatican Secret Archives devoted to the reorganisation of the archive of the Council Congregation forms a solid foundation for the research activities to be performed by the research group and will permit the PhD students to work with valuable unpublished sources.
Tasks:
 You will develop, coordinate and conduct a doctoral project in the frame of the research group’s scientific interests. Your doctoral thesis will preferably focus on the history of the Congregation of the Council in the early modern period (XVI-XVIII century). You will publish your findings and actively participate in the research activities of the research group and of the Institute under the guidance of Dr Albani.
Candidate's profile:
 You hold a first-class or high-upper, second-class degree in History, Legal History, Canon Law, Economic History or History of Art. You work independently, are fully proficient in English and are willing to learn German. In selecting the candidates, language proficiency (Italian, Spanish, French as well as Latin) and both interest and competence in archival research will be regarded as especially important.
MPIeR's offer:
 We offer an attractive and international work environment with unparalleled research infrastructure and a good working atmosphere. The candidate will have the opportunity to take part in an interdisciplinary international research group, benefit from continuous scientific exchange, a comprehensive library and the possibility of research stays in Germany and abroad. Payment and social benefits are based on the German Civil Service Collective Agreement (TVöD, EG 13 level 1, 65%). The job is a full-time position (currently 39 hours per week). The position is a fixed-term appointment for three years, with the possibility of extension in exceptional circumstances. We are located on one of the most beautiful university campuses in Europe, right in the heart of the thriving and cosmopolitan city of Frankfurt. The Max Planck Society is committed to increasing the number disabled persons in its workforce and therefore encourages applications from such qualified individuals. Furthermore, the Max Planck Society seeks to increase the number of women in those areas where they are underrepresented and therefore explicitly encourages women to apply.
Procedure:
 Your application can be written in German, English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese or French and should contain the following documents: 1. Personal Statement: Cover letter with reference to your research proposal and an explanation as to how your profile matches the selection criteria Names and addresses (postal and electronic) of two scholars who have agreed to provide a reference 2. CV: Detailed CV (Please provide your detailed CV in German or English.) 3.Other Documents: Research proposal (up to five pages) Transcripts A sample of writing about 20 pages in length (seminar paper, journal article, book chapter etc.) Please provide your referees with all your application documents and ask them to send their references direct to jobs@rg.mpg.de no later than 31 January 2019. References may only be submitted by email. They do not have to be signed as long as they are emailed from the official mail address of the referee.Strong candidates will be invited for an interview.
Contact
 Address informal enquiries as to the substance of the research group directly to Dr Benedetta Albani (albani@rg.mpg.de). Questions as to the terms and conditions of employment may be directed to Ms Anna Heym (jobs@rg.mpg.de). Your application must be submitted online via the link on our homepage (http://www.rg.mpg.de/job_offers) by the closing date of 31 January 2019.
(source: calenda)

CONFERENCE: Une histoire croisée de la fabrique du droit du travail. Journée d'étude en hommage à Sabine Rudischhauser (Paris: Hôtel de Lauzun, 17 JAN 2019)

(image: Hôtel de Lauzun; source: Wikimedia Commons)

Summary:
Sabine Rudischhauser (1961-2017) a introduit un regard nouveau sur l’émergence de la négociation collective en intégrant, au-delà de la seule conflictualité sociale, les initiatives politiques, législatives, juridiques, mais aussi sociologiques qui contribuent à définir la catégorie même de convention collective en France et en Allemagne. Sur la séquence 1900-1920, elle met au jour une véritable dynamique institutionnelle, dans laquelle se justifie un rapprochement entre l’Allemagne et la France, en faisant apparaître non seulement un parallélisme, mais aussi des emprunts réciproques et une référence commune, l’Angleterre. Geregelte Verhältnisse, son dernier ouvrage, couronne ainsi une vie de recherche que sa disparition précoce a interrompue brutalement.
Programme:
  • 9h30 – 10h00 Introduction Patrick Fridenson (CRH, EHESS)
  • Un témoignage Bénédicte Zimmermann (Centre Georg Simmel, EHESS et Wissenschaftskolleg Berlin)
10h00- 12h00 Négociations collectives et action publique
Présidence de séance : Pascale Laborier (Université Paris Nanterre)
  • Claude Didry (Centre Maurice Halbwachs, CNRS-EHESS) Droit du travail et conventions collectives en France et en Allemagne : une histoire croisée. A propos de Geregelte Verhältnisse
  • Claire Lemercier (CSO, CNRS-Sciences Po Paris) Les prud'hommes avant 1890. Quelle place dans une généalogie de la négociation collective ?
  • Laure Machu (Université Paris Nanterre, IDHES, UMR 85 33) Etat, dynamiques sociales et relations professionnelles
13h15- 14h40 Sciences sociales et régulations du travail
Présidence de séance : Jakob Vogel (Centre Marc Bloch, Berlin)
  • Michel Coutu (École de relations industrielles et CRIMT, Université de Montréal) La Constitution du travail, de Max Weber à Hugo Sinzheimer
  • Kenneth Bertrams (Université Libre de Bruxelles, Centre de recherche Mondes Modernes & Contemporains) La fabrique scientifique du social : dynamiques internationales de l'expertise dans Geregelte Verhältnisse
15h00- 17h00  Transformations contemporaines du travail : apports de l’approche socio-historique
Présidence de séance : Jean-Pierre le Crom (Laboratoire droit et changement social, Nantes)
  • Michèle Dupré (Centre Max Weber, UMR 5283, Lyon) Transformations de la relation salariale en France et en Allemagne dans les années soixante et soixante-dix : Histoires croisées des relations Etat-acteurs sociaux
  • Olivier Giraud (LISE, CNAM-CNRS) La catégorisation du travail des femmes dans l’entreprise familiale : normes morales, normes légales et mobilisations sociales
  • Robert Salais (IDHES, Ecole normale supérieure de Saclay) Travail et sociohistoire : comparer l’incomparable
Registration here.

(source: Calenda)

PODCAST: Marcel GAUCHET on Robespierre (France Culture, Signes des temps, 16 DEC 2018)

(image source: Getty/France Culture)

Introduction:
Est-ce que ce sont les hommes qui font l’Histoire, ou bien est-ce que c’est l’Histoire qui fait les hommes ? Pendant près de deux siècles, Robespierre est passé dans les livres d’Histoire pour le grand maître d’œuvre de la révolution française, monstre et tyran sanguinaire pour les uns, père du communisme et de la lutte des classes pour les autres. Cela fait quelques années maintenant que les travaux des historiens remettent en cause ces portraits trop tranchés et dans son nouveau livre Robespierre l’homme qui nous divise le plus, Marcel Gauchet reprend ces travaux récents pour poser un certain nombre de questions d’actualité fondamentale sur la France d'aujourd’hui.
A l’heure où resurgit dans le débat public ce mot de peuple qu’on n’avait plus l’habitude d’entendre, ce mot à la fois simple et très compliqué qu’est le mot de « peuple », "Signe des Temps" va se pencher avec Marcel Gauchet et avec l’historien Loris Chavanette sur le parcours de celui qui pendant la Révolution française s’est à ce point identifié au peuple, justement, qu’il y a sacrifié sa vie, et qu’il est resté dans la mémoire française comme l’incarnation de ce que la révolution avait de pire, mais aussi comme ce qu’elle avait de meilleur. Car comme l’écrit Marcel Gauchet dans son livre, en France, « ce qui fonde nos règles communes est en même temps ce qui fonde nos divisions les plus profondes. » Qu’est-ce qu’un peuple ? Qu’était Robespierre ? Et dans ce monde global et technologique qui est le nôtre, l’héritage de la Révolution française a-t-il encore quelque chose à nous dire ?
Enjoy the full podcast here.

BOOK: Kimberly LYNN, Between Court and Confessional. The Politics of Spanish Inquisitors (Cambridge: CUP, 2013), 410 p. ISBN 9781139381291, 20,95 GBP

(image source: CUP)

Book abstract:
Between Court and Confessional explores the lives of Spanish inquisitors, closely examining the careers and writings of five sixteenth- and seventeenth-century inquisitors. Kimberly Lynn considers what shaped particular inquisitors, what kinds of official experience each accumulated, and to what ends each directed his acquired knowledge and experience. The case studies examine the complex interplay of careerism and ideological commitments evident in inquisitorial activities. Whereas many studies of the Spanish Inquisition tend to depict inquisitors as faceless and interchangeable, Lynn probes the lives of individual inquisitors to show how inquisitors' operations in their social, political, religious and intellectual worlds set the Inquisition in motion. By focusing on specific individuals, this study explains how the theory and regulations of the Inquisition were rooted in local conditions, particular disputes and individual experiences.

Table of contents here.

More information on Cambridge Core.

14 January 2019

BOOK: Olivier MORÉTEAU, Aniceto MASFERRER, and Kjell A. MODÉER, eds., Comparative Legal History [Research Handbooks in Comparative Law series] (London: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019). ISBN 9781781955215, £175.50



Edward Elgar is publishing a research handbook on comparative legal history.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Is comparative legal history an emerging discipline or a much-needed dialogue between two academic subjects? This research handbook presents the field in a uniquely holistic way, and illustrates how comparative law and legal history are inextricably related.

Cementing a solid theoretical grounding for the discipline, legal historians and comparatists place this subject at the forefront of legal science. Comprehensive in coverage, this handbook collates theory and method for comparative legal history, as well as discussing international legal sources and judicial and civil institutions. Particular attention is paid to custom and codification, contracts, civil procedure and ownership. By assessing the evolution of law across European, Asian, African and American environments from the pre-modern era to the nineteenth century, the chapters provide stimulating and enlightening cases of legal history through a comparative lens.

A centrepiece for this field of scholarship, this research handbook will be an essential resource for scholars interested in comparative law, legal theory and legal history, from both legal and social science backgrounds.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Edited by Olivier Moréteau, Louisiana State University, US, Aniceto Masferrer, University of Valencia, Spain and Kjell A. Modéer, University of Lund, Sweden

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents:
List of contributors
Acknowledgments
PART I Theory and Methods
1. What is comparative legal history? Legal historiography and the revolt against formalism, 1930-60
Adolfo Giuliani
2. Comparative? Legal? History? Crossing Boundaries
Sean Donlan
3. Methodological perspectives in comparative legal history: an analytical approach
Dag Michalsen
4. Comparative legal history: methodology for morphology
Matthew Dyson
PART II LEGAL SOURCES
5. Here, there, everywhere or... nowhere? Some comparative and historical afterthoughts about custom as a source of law
Jacques Vanderlinden
6. Convergence and the colonization of custom in pre-modern Europe
Emily Kadens
7. Custom as a source of law in European and East Asian legal history
Marie Seong-Hak Kim
8. The ius commune as the ‘ratio scripta’ in the civil law tradition: a comparative approach to the Spanish case
Aniceto Masferrer and Juan A. Obarrio
9. Legal education in England and continental Europe between the middle ages and the early-modern period: a comparison
Dolores Freda
PART III LEGAL INSTITUTIONS
10. The triumph of judicial review: the evolution of post-revolutionary legal thought
Jean-Louis Halperin
11. Killing the vampire of human culture: Slavery as a problem in international law
Paul Finkelman and Seymour Drescher
12. Continental European superior courts and procedure in civil actions (11th-19th centuries)
CH (Remco) van Rhee
13. The genesis of concepts of possession and ownership in the civilian tradition and at common law: how did the common law manage without a concept of ownership? Why the Roman law did not?
Anna Taitslin
14. The common law and the Code civil: the curious case of the law of contract
Warren Swain
15. When the wind turned from South to West: the transition of Scandinavian legal cultures 1945–2000, a comparative sketch
Kjell Å Modéer
PART IV CODIFICATION
16. Unification and codification in today’s European private law and nineteenth-century Germany: the challenges and opportunities of comparing historical and ongoing events
Dirk Heirbaut
17. Owning the conceptualization of ownership in American civil law jurisdictions and the origins of nineteenth-century code provisions
Agustín Parise
18. Why was private law not codified in Sweden and Finland?
Heikki Pihlajamäki
Index

More information here