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26 March 2019

READING GROUP: “Just dominion: whatever may have been the right and justice in the beginning”: Reading Course of Alonso de la Vera Cruz’ Relectio De dominio infidelium et iusto bello (Frankfurt am Main: MPIeR, 10-12 APR 2019)

(image source: ScienceSprings)

Abstract:
The project “The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language” invites applications for its second Reading Course: The discovery and conquest of America in the Early Modern era gave rise to intense debate among European jurists, theologians, and philosophers. Due to the leading role played by the Spanish monarchy in this process of conquests and assimilation of American indigenous peoples, most of the Iberian ‘intellectuals’ took part in the polemic. One of the major figures of this debate – as well as of the School of Salamanca – was the Augustinian monk and professor of theology Alonso de la Vera Cruz († 1584).
While doctrines of authors such as Vitoria and Soto, considered by the historiography as founders of the School of Salamanca, are well known and have aroused the interest of the international scientific community, little attention has so far been paid to Alonso de la Vera Cruz. First holder of the chairs of Sacred Scripture and S. Thomas at the newly established University of Mexico, he can be considered as the teacher who first introduced western philosophy in America.
Vera Cruz wrote the Relectio De dominio infidelium et iusto bello for the inauguration of the University of Mexico (1553). The text is a polemical reflection about the dilemmas related to the process of conquest and subordination of native American peoples which was then still in progress. Having always in mind the famous Relectio De Indis (1539) held by Francisco de Vitoria at the University of Salamanca some years before (with Vera Cruz already overseas), we will discuss the similarities and differences between the legal and political thinking of both authors.
Vera Cruz focusses on two aspects of the Spanish colonial presence in America: the justification of Spanish rule and of the power change from the indigenous rulers to the king of Castile, and that of the legal and moral relations between Spanish settlers, the so-called encomenderos, and the indigenous population. We will analyse Vera Cruz’ juridical positions regarding political dominion, socio-economic domination and questions of private property in America, but we will also look at the religious elements inextricably linked to the political issues, and, in particular, at strategies of evangelization and conversion.
On a methodological level, we will discuss the structure of argumentation as well as the handling of authors, authorities, and citations. By approaching these quintessential features of early modern scholasticism, the participants will gain experience in handling the complex texts of early modern European academia.
The Reading Course addresses advanced students, doctoral students and post-docs from legal studies, philosophy, history, theology, and political sciences. Working language will be English.
Participants working on a research project of their own (master or doctoral thesis) are invited to present and discuss their work during a special section of the Reading Course.
Where
Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Hansaallee 41
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Germany
More information
Please find the full Call for Applications with the program's draft, requirements, and more information here:https://blog.salamanca.school/en/2019/02/14/just-dominion-whatever-may-have-been-the-right-and-justice-in-the-beginning-reading-course-of-alonso-de-la-vera-cruz-relectio-de-dominio-infidelium-et-iusto-bello-10-12-a/ 

Contact
Project The School of Salamanca
Dr. Christiane Birr, Dr. José Luis Egío, Dr. Andreas Wagner
(source: dr. Andreas Wagner)

JOURNAL: The Historical Journal LXII (2019), No. 1 (March)

(image source: CUP)

"The Ancient Constitution and the Languages of Political Thought" (Mark Goldie)
Abstract:
Historians of political thought speak of ‘languages’ of politics. A language provides a lexicon, an available resource for legitimating positions. It is looser than a ‘theory’, because protean, and not predictive of particular doctrines. Some languages attract considerable scholarly attention, while others languish, for all that they were ambient in past cultures. In recent scholarship on early modern European thought, natural law and civic humanism have dominated. Yet prescriptive appeals to national historiographies were equally pervasive. Many European cultures appealed to Tacitean mythologies of a Gothic ur-constitution. The Anglophone variant dwelt on putative Saxon freedoms, the status of the Norman ‘Conquest’, whether feudalism ruptured the Gothic inheritance, and how common law related to ‘reason’, natural law, and divine law. Whigs rooted parliaments in the Saxon witenagemot; though, by the eighteenth century, ‘modern’ Whigs discerned liberty as the fruit of recent socio-economic change. Levellers and Chartists alike talked of liberation from the ‘Norman Yoke’. These themes were explored from the 1940s onwards under the stimulus of Herbert Butterfield; one result was J. G. A. Pocock's classic Ancient constitution and the feudal law (1957).

"Empire and the Right to Preach the Gospel in the School of Salamanca, 1535-1560" (Daniel S. Allemann)
Abstract:
The sixteenth-century theologians of the School of Salamanca are well known for their sophisticated reflections on the Spanish conquest of the New World. But the nature of their responses seems far from clear and is subject to historiographical debate. Recent studies from the discipline of intellectual history suggest that the Salmantine theologians challenged the legitimacy of Spanish claims to the Americas. Scholars associated with the field of post-colonial studies, on the other hand, forcefully stress their entanglement in Spain's imperial venture overseas. This article, however, argues that these seemingly irreconcilable approaches are not in fact mutually exclusive. It shifts our attention to the sorely neglected ius praedicandi, the right to preach the gospel, which served to translate the Spanish theologians’ deeply rooted belief in the hegemonic truth of the Christian faith into a discourse of otherwise ‘secular’ natural rights. In adopting this novel lens, the article makes a case for assessing the language of the university theologians in its own terms while simultaneously exposing the support of Salamanca for Spain's imperial venture.

Robert Persons, Popular Sovereignty, and the Late Elizabethan Succession Debate (M.JM. Innes)
Abstract:
This article explores how, and why, Robert Persons's A conference about the next succession to the crowne of Ingland (1594) scandalized late Elizabethan England. By invoking the spectres of popular sovereignty and political resistance, Persons, as is well known, threatened to disrupt the succession of James VI of Scotland to Elizabeth I's throne. In doing so, however, he also undermined the very notion that the English crown passed by succession at all. After discussing Persons's political thought, this article examines the responses to it by such writers as John Hayward, Henry Constable, Peter Wentworth, and James VI himself. Their turn towards natural law as a basis for James's title was, it is argued, a direct consequence of the Conference’s argument. As well as shining long-overdue light on Hayward's political thought, the article thus argues that the reception of Persons's Conference was a significant influence on the development of English political thought in the early seventeenth century.

"Protestant Military Humanism in Early Stuart England" (D. Alan Orr)
Abstract:
This article addresses the role of Protestant military humanism in early Stuart Ireland. The central argument is that Protestant military humanism as embodied in the works of such authors as Geoffrey Gates (fl. 1566–80) and Barnabe Rich (1541–1617) played a vital role in the Jacobean plantation of Ulster. These authors combined a strong commitment to the Protestant religion with the conviction that martial virtue was essential for the preservation of the commonwealth against the threats of domestic rebellion and foreign domination. The example of the soldier-planter Sir Thomas Phillips of Limavady (c. 1560–1636) and his criticisms of the City of London's plantation in Derry during the 1620s demonstrates that military humanist values not only offered a persuasive rationale for colonization, but also significantly shaped the course of plantation on the ground. Phillips's lengthy conflict with the City of London demonstrated a fundamental disjuncture between his own Protestant military humanist outlook, and the City's own understanding of its civilizing mission in Ireland; however, rather than a conflict between aristocratic and civic values, close study reveals instead a struggle grounded in competing hierarchies of civic values.

"Language and Power in an English Convent in Exile, c. 1621-1631" (Emilie K. M. Murphy)
Abstract:
Scholarship on transnational encounter has predominantly focused on men's cross-cultural interactions. This article breaks new ground by exploring women's roles in similar forms of linguistic and power negotiation within the context of English convents founded in Europe during the seventeenth century. Moreover, recent scholarship on English convents has so far remained silent on the question of how these women negotiated the language barriers that many of them faced. This article proposes an answer by examining the correspondence sent in the 1620s from the English Benedictine convent in Brussels. These letters reveal the changing ways in which English nuns relied on both male and female translators to communicate. In so doing, this article expands existing scholarly understanding of epistolary and literary culture by exploring the authorial strategies employed in the convent, which afforded the nuns a sense of authority over their texts. The letters were vital avenues for the women to express dissent, and raise concerns over the way their community was governed. Finally, despite being enclosed institutions, English convents in exile were not monoglot spaces but porous sites of multi-lingual encounter.

"Where was the Church of England, 1646-1660?" (Christopher Haigh)
Abstract:
When parliament abolished episcopacy, cathedrals, and the Book of Common Prayer, what was left of the Church of England? Indeed, as contemporaries asked between 1646 and 1660, ‘Where is the Church of England?’ The episcopalian clergy could not agree. Some thought the remaining national framework of parishes and congregations was ‘the Church of England’, though now deformed, and worked within it. Others thought that only those ministers and parish congregations who remained loyal in heart to the church as it had been qualified as ‘the church’: most of them continued to serve a parish church and tried to keep the old practices going. A third category of hard-liners thought ‘the Church of England’ was now restricted to a recusant community that worshipped with the Prayer Book in secret and rejected the new national profession. The fundamental issue was the nature of a church: was it a society of believers, however organized, or a hierarchical institution following rules prescribed by God? The question caused tensions and distrust among the clergy, and the rigorists thought of the rest as time-servers and traitors. Disagreements continued to divide the clergy after the Restoration, and were reflected in attitudes towards concessions to dissenters.
For these (and other) scientific contributions, see CUP.

BOOK: Michel NODÉ-LANGLOIS, Thomas d'Aquin, commentaires politiques (Paris: Artège, 2019), 806 p. ISBN 978-2-2496-2637-1, € 35

(image source: univ-droit)

Book abstract:
Le travail du théologien Thomas d'Aquin a consisté en partie à commenter des oeuvres d'autres auteurs, et certains livres bibliques. Ces commentaires venaient compléter l'enseignement ex professo des Sommes et des Questions, qui ont donné lieu à un premier recueil : Thomas d'Aquin, Penser le politique (Dalloz, 2015, 608 p). À part la Politique d'Aristote, les oeuvres commentées par s. Thomas ne traitaient pas uniquement de questions de cet ordre, mais certaines de leurs parties y avaient trait : Sentences de Pierre le Lombard, synthèse, au XIIe siècle, des questions suscitées par l'explicitation du contenu de la foi chrétienne ; Éthique à Nicomaque et Métaphysique d'Aristote ; passages du Nouveau Testament importants pour l'évangélisation de la Cité humaine. Traitant de politique, Thomas use de références philosophiques plutôt que théologiques. Car la foi théologale ne dispense pas du travail d'analyse rationnelle dont les philosophes grecs ont été les premiers promoteurs : elle stimule ce travail comme une condition et un moyen de sa propre intelligence. La foi ne disqualifie pas plus la raison que la grâce ne supprime la nature : elles apportent un surcroît de perfection à ce qu'elles présupposent.
On the author:
 Michel Nodé-Langlois, ancien élève de l'École Normale Supérieure, agrégé de philosophie, professeur honoraire de philosophie en Première supérieure (khâgne classique) au lycée Pierre-de-Fermat, et chargé d'enseignement honoraire à l'Institut Catholique de Toulouse.
(source: Nomôdos)

BOOK: Monika DOMMANN (transl. Sarah Pybus), Authors and Apparatus : A Media History of Copyright (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781501709920, $41.95



Cornell University Press has published a new book on media changes and the history of copyright law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Copyright is under siege. From file sharing to vast library scanning projects, new technologies, actors, and attitudes toward intellectual property threaten the value of creative work. However, while digital media and the Internet have made making and sharing perfect copies of original works almost effortless, debates about protecting authors' rights are nothing new. In this sweeping account of the evolution of copyright law since the mid-nineteenth century, Monika Dommann explores how radical media changes—from sheet music and phonographs to photocopiers and networked information systems—have challenged and transformed legal and cultural concept of authors' rights.

Dommann provides a critical transatlantic perspective on developments in copyright law and mechanical reproduction of words and music, charting how artists, media companies, and lawmakers in the United States and western Europe approached the complex tangle of technological innovation, intellectual property, and consumer interests. From the seemingly innocuous music box, invented around 1800, to BASF's magnetic tapes and Xerox machines, she demonstrates how copyright has been continuously destabilized by emerging technologies, requiring new legal norms to regulate commercial and private copying practices. Without minimizing digital media's radical disruption to notions of intellectual property, Dommann uncovers the deep historical roots of the conflict between copyright and media—a story that can inform present-day debates over the legal protection of authorship.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: A Media History of Legal Norms
Part I: Writing and Recording
1. Sheet Music
2. Images of Books
3. Voice Recorders
4. Canned Music
Part II: Collecting Agencies and Research Materials
5. Collecting Collectives
6. Celluloid Circulations
7. Performing Artists
Part III: Private Copies and Universal Standards
8. Fees for Devices
9. Flow of Information
10. Authors of Tradition
Conclusion: Legal Histories of Media Transformation
Further ReadingBibliographic Essay
Notes
Bibliography
Index

More information here

BLOG SERIES: Lisa FORD on collaboration and legal historical scholarship (Legal History Blog)


Prof. Lisa Ford (Sydney) devoted attention to working together, authorship and scholarship in legal history.

First paragraph:
I promised to blog about collaboration. Since Rage for Order came out, “how can you collaborate so much” is the question I’m most frequently asked. I have been writing and working with people more and more. I love doing this. I suspect sometimes that this is because I missed a career calling as an open plan office worker… but more on that some other time.
Read more on the Legal History Blog.

25 March 2019

LECTURE: Prof. dr. Jean-Louis HALPERIN, "L'état des juristes en Allemagne, XIXe-XXe siècles. Une réflexion sur la sociologie historique des juristes" (Brussels: Royal Flemish Academy for the Arts and Sciences/Committee for Legal History - VUB/French Embassy, 3 April 2019)

(image source: Prof. Halpérin at the Sarton Medal for Legal History, UGent)

On Wednesday 3 April, prof. dr. Jean-Louis Halpérin (Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris) will hold a lecture at the Royal Flemish Academy for the Arts and Sciences, at the joint invitation of the Commitee for Legal History (President prof. dr. D. Heirbaut) and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Prof. dr. F. Dhondt/CORE), in the framework of the Année de la France à la VUB, a joint initiative between the French Embassy in Brussels and the Rector of the VUB.

Topic: L'état des juristes en Allemagne, XIXe-XXe siècles. Une réflexion sur la sociologie historique des juristes.

The lecture will start at 17:00 in the Rubens Room, with an introduction of the speaker (Prof. dr. D. Heirbaut).

Those interested can prepare the lecture with Prof. Halpérin's monography on the topic (Histoire de l'Etat des juristes. Allemagne, XIXe-XXe siècles [Histoire du Droit], Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2015).
(image source: Classiques Garnier)

RSVP with drs. Wouter De Rycke (academic assistant, VUB/CORE).

The Academy Palace (Hertogstraat - Rue Ducale 1, 1000 BRUSSELS) is easily accessible by metro, bus, or on foot from the Central Station.

REMINDER: CALL FOR PAPERS: International Days of the Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia: life and death ("vie et mort") (Oudenaarde, 31 MAY & 1 JUN 2019)


(image source: oudenaarde.be)


International Days of the Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia
Oudenaarde, 31 May & 1 June 2019

The Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia holds its annual "International days" on 31 May and the 1st of June in Oudenaarde (Belgium).

The theme of the conference is: « Vie et mort » (“Life & Death”)

The general theme of the “International Days” incorporates numerous historic and legal aspects of life and death. For example, ceremonies and customs regarding life and death (e.g. baptism, religious or civil wedding, funeral), civil law subjects (e.g. legal status, property law, etc.) or criminal law subjects (death penalty, pardon), life and death during wars (killed soldiers, shot soldiers, extermination camps, etc.), ...

This general theme does not exclude papers about other subjects regarding legal history or institutional history.

Presentations can be held in French, English or Dutch. Speakers have to send a summary to the organization (in French and/or English).

The conference will take place on Friday 31 May 2019 starting at 10 a.m. and on Saturday 1st of June 2019 starting at 9.30 a.m. in the conference room of the former convent of the Black sisters of Oudenaarde, Pamelekerkplein 4, 9700 Oudenaarde (along the Scheldt river, see: 

Lunches and dinner will be served in a restaurant in the city centre.

The General Assembly of the Society will be held on Saturday 1 June after the sessions.

The detailed programme will be sent to the participants later. Participants have to register by sending the attached registration form by e-email to guido.lambeets@mil.be or by mail to M. Guido Lambeets, Royal Military Academy – SCGW, avenue de la Renaissance 30, 1000 Brussels (Belgium).

Proposals can be sent before 15 April 2019 to Stanislas HORVAT by e-mail (shorvat@skynet.be).

The registration fee amounts to 25 € (for documentation and coffee). Lunches on Friday and Saturday are 30 € p.p. each. Dinner on Friday evening is 60 € per person. The  total amount should be paid at the same moment as the registration on the bank account of  the Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands picards et wallons:

IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB

If it is difficult to pay in advance, it will be possible to pay cash at the start of the conference Be aware that checks are no longer accepted in Belgium.

Participants will have to make their hotel reservation. A city map and a list of hotels will be sent by email to the participants after registration.

We all hope to welcome you in Oudenaarde in May.

Best regards,

The Board,

The President,                                                The Secretary General,
Emese von BÓNÉ                                        Christian PFISTER

The Vicepresidents,                                       The Treasurer,
Tanguy LE MARC’HADOUR                     Pascal HEPNER
Michael MILO
Stanislas HORVAT





Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands, picards et wallons


Journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions
Internationale rechtshistorische dagen
International Days for Legal and Institutional History
OUDENAARDE, 30/05/2019-01/06/2019

 

FORMULAIRE D'INSCRIPTION/ INSCHRIJVINGSFORMULIER/REGISTRATION FORM

 



À envoyer avant le 15 mai 2019 par courriel à/ Vóór 15 mei 2019 per e-mail te sturen aan/To be sent by e-mail before 15 May 2019 to: guido.lambeets@mil.be

Par courrier/Per post/By normal mail : M. Guido Lambeets, Ecole Royale Militaire–SCGW, avenue de la Renaissance 30, 1000 Bruxelles (Belgique/België/Belgium).



Madame/Mevrouw/Mrs – Monsieur/Mijnheer/Mr:

Adresse/Adres/Address :


Téléphone portable/Gsm/Cell phone:

E-mail :


Droit d’inscription/Inschrijving/Registration fee                                                 25 €

Lunch vendredi/vrijdag/Friday 31/05/19             
Nombre de personnes/Aantal personen/Number of persons :          …… x 30 €     Total : …. €

Lunch samedi/zaterdag/Saturday 01/06/19         
Nombre de personnes/Aantal personen/Number of persons :          …… x 30 €     Total : …. €

Diner/Dinner vendredi soir/vrijdagavond/Friday night
Nombre de personnes/Aaantal personen/Number of persons :         …… x 60 €     Total : …. €
                                   

Total à payer/Te betalen eindbedrag/Total amount to be paid:                                     …. 


Au compte bancaire  /Op bankrekening/On bank account :
IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB


Au nom de la Société / Op naam van / Account holder :

Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions
des pays flamands, picards et wallons 
(fondée à Lille en 1929)

Journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions
AUDENARDE, 31 mai et 1er juin 2019


Madame, Monsieur,

Les journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions auront lieu cette année à Audenarde (Oudenaarde, Belgique), les 30  mai et 1er juin 2019.

Le thème qui a été retenu par le bureau de la Société est le suivant :

« La vie et la mort »

Le thème des Journées permet de couvrir de nombreux aspects de la vie et de la mort, tant historiques que juridiques. Citons, à titre d’exemple, les rites et coutumes de la vie et de la mort (p.ex. le baptême, le mariage religieux ou civil, l’enterrement), des matières de droit civil (p.ex. le statut de la personne, le droit patrimonial, etc.) ou de droit pénal (la peine de mort, la grâce), la vie et la mort pendant les guerres (soldats tombés au champ d’honneur, les fusillés, les camps d’extermination, etc.), ...

Ce thème général n’exclut pas, par ailleurs, la possibilité de communiquer sur d’autres sujets d’histoire du droit, de la justice et des institutions.

Les interventions peuvent être faites en français, en anglais ou en néerlandais ; les orateurs sont priés d’envoyer un résumé à l’avance aux organisateurs (de préférence en français).

Les participants seront accueillis le vendredi 31 mai 2019, à 9h30, à l’ancien couvent des sœurs noires (Zwartzusterklooster), Pamelekerkplein 4, 9700 Oudenaarde (le long de l’Escaut, voyez : .



Les séances de travail se dérouleront dans la salle de réunion de l’ancien couvent le vendredi 31 mai 2019, à partir de 10h00, et le samedi 1er juin 2019, dès 9h00. Les déjeuners seront pris au centre-ville.

L’assemblée générale de la Société se tiendra le samedi 1er juin 2019, à la fin des séances de travail.

Notre traditionnel diner se déroulera le vendredi soir dans un restaurant de la ville.

Le programme détaillé des journées sera communiqué ultérieurement aux participants, qui sont priés de renvoyer le formulaire d’inscription ci-joint avant le 15 mai 2019 par courriel à guido.lambeets@mil.be ou par courrier à M. Guido Lambeets, Ecole Royale Militaire – SCGW, avenue de la Renaissance 30, 1000 Bruxelles (Belgique).

Afin de nous permettre de dresser le programme définitif du colloque, nous remercions les personnes désireuses de communiquer de faire parvenir leur proposition de communication avant le 15 avril 2019 à Stanislas HORVAT (par courriel: shorvat@skynet.be).

Les frais d'inscription aux journées s'élèvent à 25 € et comprennent la documentation et les pauses-café ; les déjeuners des vendredi et samedi à 30 € chacun. La participation au diner du vendredi soir est de 60 € par personne. Ces sommes sont à verser au moment de l’inscription par virement bancaire européen sur le compte de la Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands picards et wallons:

IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB

En cas de problème à effectuer le paiement par virement préalable, il est possible de payer sur place le premier jour du colloque. Notez que les chèques ne sont plus acceptés en Belgique.

Une liste d’hôtels à Audenarde et un plan de la ville seront envoyés par mail, dès son inscription, à chaque participant. Nous vous invitons à procéder vous-même à votre réservation dès que possible.

Au plaisir de vous rencontrer à Audenarde en mai prochain, nous vous prions d'agréer l'expression de nos sentiments très cordiaux.

Le bureau de la Société,                                                       

La Présidente,            
Emese von BÓNÉ                                                               

Les Vice-Présidents,                                                                                     
Tanguy LE MARC’HADOUR
Michael MILO                                  
Stanislas HORVAT
                       
Le Secrétaire Général,
Christian PFISTER

Le trésorier,
Pascal HEPNER



Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions
des pays flamands, picards et wallons 

Internationale rechtshistorische dagen
OUDENAARDE, 31 mei – 1 juni 2019

Mevrouw, Mijnheer,

De internationale dagen de Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands, picards et wallons zullen dit jaar op 31 mei en 1 juni in Oudenaarde (België) plaatsvinden.

Het thema dat door het bureau van de Société werd weerhouden, is:

« Vie et mort » (“Het leven en de dood”)

Het thema van de Rechtshistorische dagen dekt talrijke aspecten, zowel historische als juridische, van het leven en van de dood. Zo bijvoorbeeld de rituelen en de gebruiken rond het leven en de dood (bv. het doopsel, het kerkelijke of burgerlijke huwelijk, de begrafenis), materies uit het burgerlijk recht (bv. de staat van de persoon, het vermogensrecht, enz.) of uit het strafrecht (de doodstraf, de genade), gevolgen van oorlogen (gesneuvelden, gefusilleerden, uitroeiingskampen enz.) ...

Dit hoofdthema sluit overigens lezingen over andere onderwerpen van rechtsgeschiedenis of van de geschiedenis der instellingen niet uit.

De lezingen kunnen in het Frans, het Engels of het Nederlands doorgaan. De sprekers worden verzocht vooraf een samenvatting aan de organisatoren te bezorgen (bij voorkeur in het Frans).

De deelnemers worden op vrijdag 31 mei 2019 om 9.30u verwacht in het voormalig Zwartzusterklooster van Oudenaarde, Pamelekerkplein 4, 9700 Oudenaarde (langs de Schelde, zie: 
De sessies gaan door in de vergaderzaal van het voormalige Zwartzusterklooster op vrijdag 31 mei vanaf 10 u, en op zaterdag 1 juni vanaf 9 u. De lunches zullen doorgaan in een restaurant in het stadscentrum.

De algemene vergadering van de Société gaat door op zaterdag 1 juni, na afloop van de sessies.

Ons traditioneel diner zal op vrijdagavond in een restaurant in de stad doorgaan.

Het gedetailleerde programma van de dagen zal later aan de deelnemers worden toegezonden. Deelnemers worden verzocht het bijgaand inschrijvingsformulier vóór 15 mei 2019 op te sturen per elektronische post naar guido.lambeets@mil.be of per gewone post aan M. Guido Lambeets, Koninklijke Militaire School – SCGW, Renaissancelaan 30, 1000 Brussel (België).

Met het oog op het vastleggen van het definitieve programma van het colloquium verzoeken wij de kandidaat-sprekers om hun voorgenomen onderwerp met titel vóór 15 april 2019 mee te delen aan Stanislas HORVAT (per e-mail: shorvat@skynet.be).

De inschrijving voor het colloquium bedraagt 25  en dekt de documentatie en de koffiepauzes, de lunches van vrijdag en zaterdag kosten 30 € per persoon per dag. De deelname aan het diner van vrijdagavond kost 60 € per persoon. Gelieve bij de inschrijving het totale bedrag via Europese overschrijving te storten op de rekening van de Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands picards et wallons:

IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB

Wie moeilijkheden ondervindt om vooraf de overschrijving te verrichten, kan bij aanvang van het colloquium nog ter plaatse betalen. Opgelet: checks worden in België niet meer aanvaard.

Een lijst van hotels en een stadsplan zullen aan elke deelnemer per e-mail worden toegestuurd bij zijn inschrijving. Reserveer zo snel mogelijk uw hotel.

Wij hopen u in Brussel te kunnen verwelkomen in mei eerstkomend. In afwachting groeten wij u alvast heel hartelijk,


Het bureau van de Société,                           

De Voorzitster,          
Emese von BÓNÉ                                       

De Ondervoorzitters,                                                                                   
Tanguy LE MARC’HADOUR        
Michael MILO
Stanislas HORVAT
                       
De Secretaris-generaal,
Christian PFISTER

De Penningmeester,
Pascal HEPNER




BOOK: Didier OTTAVIANI, La Naissance de La Science Politique. Autour de Marsile de Padoue (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2018). ISBN 978-2-406-07776-3, €46.00




Last year, Classiques Garnier published a book on the 14th century Italian scholar Marsilius of Padua.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Durant le Moyen Âge, la politique ne pouvait prétendre en propre au titre de science, mais, au xive siècle, Marsile de Padoue l’extrait des arts pratiques. En produisant un véritable discours de la méthode inspiré par la médecine, il rend ainsi possible la naissance de la science politique.

The table of contents can be found here

More information here

PhD Fellowships: “Global History of Empires”, University of Turin – Higher School of Economics (DEADLINE: 17 April 2019)


(Source: HSozKult)


We learned of 7 PhD fellowships at the University of Turin/Higher School of Economics (Moscow and St. Petersburg) on the Global History of Empires. One of the thematic foci is “legal pluralism in comparative perspective”.

The Program in Global History of Empires announces the call for applications for admission in 2019. The program is implemented by the University of Turin (Italy) and the Higher School of Economics (Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia). The program is for three years, enrolled students pursue their dissertation research in the international environment and enjoy international academic supervision. Scholarships are allocated at the University of Turin (4 scholarships) and Higher Schools of Economics (3 scholarships) […]

More info can be found on Hsozkult

BOOK : Rena N. LAUER, Colonial justice and the Jews of Venetian Crete (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019). ISBN 9780812250886, £56.00



The University of Pennsylvania Press has published a new book on the usage of the legal system by the Jewish population of 13th century Venetian Crete.

ABOUT THE BOOK

When Venice conquered Crete in the early thirteenth century, a significant population of Jews lived in the capital and main port city of Candia. This community grew, diversified, and flourished both culturally and economically throughout the period of Venetian rule, and although it adhered to traditional Jewish ways of life, the community also readily engaged with the broader population and the island's Venetian colonial government.

In Colonial Justice and the Jews of Venetian Crete, Rena N. Lauer tells the story of this unusual and little-known community through the lens of its flexible use of the legal systems at its disposal. Grounding the book in richly detailed studies of individuals and judicial cases—concerning matters as prosaic as taxation and as dramatic as bigamy and murder—Lauer brings the Jews of Candia vibrantly to life. Despite general rabbinic disapproval of such behavior elsewhere in medieval Europe, Crete's Jews regularly turned not only to their own religious courts but also to the secular Venetian judicial system. There they aired disputes between family members, business partners, spouses, and even the leaders of their community. And with their use of secular justice as both symptom and cause, Lauer contends, Crete's Jews grew more open and flexible, confident in their identity and experiencing little of the anti-Judaism increasingly suffered by their coreligionists in Western Europe.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Rena N. Lauer teaches history and religious studies at Oregon State University.

More information here

22 March 2019

BOOK: Robert L. TSAI, Practical Equality : Forging Justice in a Divided Nation (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2019). ISBN 978-0-393-65202-4, $27.95


(Source: W.W. Norton)

W.W. Norton has published a book on challenges to equality in American history.

ABOUT THE BOOK

A path-breaking account of how Americans have used innovative legal measures to overcome injustice—and an indispensable guide to pursuing equality in our time.

Equality is easy to grasp in theory but often hard to achieve in reality. In this accessible and wide-ranging work, American University law professor Robert L. Tsai offers a stirring account of how legal ideas that aren’t necessarily about equality at all—ensuring fair play, behaving reasonably, avoiding cruelty, and protecting free speech—have often been used to overcome resistance to justice and remain vital today.

Practical Equality is an original and compelling book on the intersection of law and society. Tsai, a leading expert on constitutional law who has written widely in the popular press, traces challenges to equality throughout American history: from the oppression of emancipated slaves after the Civil War to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II to President Trump’s ban on Muslim travelers. He applies lessons from these and other past struggles to such pressing contemporary issues as the rights of sexual minorities and the homeless, racism in the criminal justice system, police brutality, voting restrictions, oppressive measures against migrants, and more.

Deeply researched and well argued, Practical Equality offers a sense of optimism and a guide to pursuing equality for activists, lawyers, public officials, and concerned citizens.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Robert L. Tsai is professor of law at American University. He is the author Practical Equality and America’s Forgotten Constitutions and his essays have appeared in Boston Globe, Washington Post, Los Angeles Review of Books, Politico, Boston Review, and Slate. He lives in Washington, D.C., with his family.

More information here


BOOK: Julia LOVELL, Maoism. A Global History (London: Penguin, 2019), 624 p., ISBN 9781847922496, 30 GBP

(image source: Penguin)

Book abstract:
For decades, the West has dismissed Maoism as an outdated historical and political phenomenon. Since the 1980s, China seems to have abandoned the utopian turmoil of Mao’s revolution in favour of authoritarian capitalism. But Mao and his ideas remain central to the People’s Republic and the legitimacy of its Communist government. With disagreements and conflicts between China and the West on the rise, the need to understand the political legacy of Mao is urgent and growing. The power and appeal of Maoism have extended far beyond China. Maoism was a crucial motor of the Cold War: it shaped the course of the Vietnam War (and the international youth rebellions that conflict triggered) and brought to power the murderous Khmer Rouge in Cambodia; it aided, and sometimes handed victory to, anti-colonial resistance movements in Africa; it inspired terrorism in Germany and Italy, and wars and insurgencies in Peru, India and Nepal, some of which are still with us today – more than forty years after the death of Mao. In this new history, Julia Lovell re-evaluates Maoism as both a Chinese and an international force, linking its evolution in China with its global legacy. It is a story that takes us from the tea plantations of north India to the sierras of the Andes, from Paris’s fifth arrondissement to the fields of Tanzania, from the rice paddies of Cambodia to the terraces of Brixton. Starting with the birth of Mao’s revolution in northwest China in the 1930s and concluding with its violent afterlives in South Asia and resurgence in the People’s Republic today, this is a landmark history of global Maoism.
Discover more with the publisher.