22 August 2019

FELLOWSHIP: JEV-Fellowship for European Administrative History, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (DEADLINE: 30 September 2019)

The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History has a call for the JEV-Fellowship for European Administrative History.

Research Fellowship in the field of European Administrative History

At the end of 2012 Prof. Dr. Erk Volkmar Heyen, who served as Professor of Public Law and European Administrative History at the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald until his retirement and as editor of the “Jahrbuch für europäische Verwaltungsgeschichte/Yearbook of European Administrative History” (JEV), which ran from 1989 to 2008, endowed a research fellowship in the field of European Administrative History ("The JEV-Fellowship for European Administrative History"). The fellowship falls within the framework of the German University Foundation (Bonn, Germany).

The scholarship is intended to benefit the next generation of scientific researchers, particularly doctoral and post-doctoral students, and exclusively to complete their research project in as brief a period as possible to a maximum of 12 months. The scholarship is based on the usual rates for doctoral fellowships of the German Research Foundation (DFG). Should a fellowship be awarded to a researcher outside Germany, local scholarship rates will be taken into consideration. Marital status will not be taken into account, nor will travel or overhead costs be reimbursed.
The Board of the German University Foundation awards the fellowship based on the recommendation of a jury, which is based at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (MPI) in Frankfurt.

Early stage researchers from Germany and abroad are invited to apply. In accordance with the thematic and methodological spectrum covered by the JEV, the scholarship is open to all historical disciplines, provided the research project addresses an aspect of European administrative history from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. The relevance of the research topic should not be restricted to a particular national context. Comparative research questions are particularly welcome.
Applications for scholarships starting in January must be submitted on September 30th of the preceding year, but deviations from this rule are possible in exceptional cases and at the discretion of the Institute. Applications in English or German should be sent in electronic form to: Priv.-Doz. Dr. Peter The application, which must also indicate the intended duration of the fellowship, should include:

  • a tabular CV with details on the nature and course university education with copies of examination results and diplomas to be enclosed, a list of scientific publications, where applicable
  • a detailed description of the research project including a detailed outline, a detailed report on the current state of the project and writing progress, including the reasons for any delay in its completion
  • extensive excerpts from the manuscript
  • information on the project’s previous, current and planned financing arrangements
  • a precise timetable to complete the manuscript within the duration of the fellowship.
Furthermore, at least one expert opinion on the research project and a personal reference from a university lecturer are to be submitted directly to the jury.

The MPI provides fellowship recipients with the opportunity to work in its library. Fellows are given the opportunity to present and discuss their research projects with members of the Institute. Upon expiration of the fellowship, the recipient is to submit a report on the status of the manuscript. The MPI provides for the publication of the manuscript in one of its book series, assuming it meets internal and scientific standards. The book is to acknowledge the support provided by the “JEV-Fellowship for European Administrative History” in the masthead or in the preface.

All info to be found here

PODCAST: Interventions – The Intellectual History Podcast on Law, History and Global Governance (Dr. Megan Donaldson)


Interventions has a new podcast with Dr. Megan Donaldson, dealing with themes relevant to the history of international law.

What is the place of history in the study of law? How do historians of international law conceive of emergent actors on the global stage? To what extent do legal histories shape the expectations and commitments of today’s international institutions? Dr Megan Donaldson, recently appointed to a lectureship in Public International Law at University College London, addresses these questions and shares her experience of a complex intersection between law, legal history and the history of political thought.

The podcast can be found here

21 August 2019

BOOK: John SHAW, ed., The Loes and Wilford Poor Law Incorporation, 1765-1826 “A Prison with a Milder Name” (Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer, 2019). ISBN 9781783273829, £40.00

(Source: Boydell & Brewer)

Boydell & Brewer have published a new book on English poor law.


Between 1660 and 1841, some 149 "corporations of the poor" were created in England through local acts. By uniting a number of parishes, these "corporations" hoped to deal more effectively with the growing problem of pauperism. This volume, focussing on 33 parishes in the hundreds of Loes and Wilford in east Suffolk, is the first detailed exploration of a rural incorporation. The incorporation's approach towards the poor was truly revolutionary: setting the able-bodied to work in the purpose-built house of industry, educating the children, punishing the indolent, and caring for the sick and impotent in a humane way. By charting the incorporation's complete history, this volume allows for the exploration of the wide range of social policies implemented during those years. Through a wealth of documents, we witness the zeal of the initial promoters in the 1760s; the construction and management of the House; the development of medical services; the problems faced by the economic crisis of the 1790s; and, as costs continued to rise, the gradual disillusionment of the local elites, leading to the institution's demise in 1826.


JOHN SHAW obtained his PhD from the University of East Anglia


Editorial Conventions, Weights, Measures and Money
First Quarterly Minute Book, 1 July 1765 - 4 March 1784
Second Quarterly Minute Book, 28 June 1784 - April 1765
Third Quarterly Minute Book, 6 July 1795 - 11 July 1805
Fourth Quarterly Minute Book, 17 October 1805 - 15 October 1812
Fifth Quarterly Minute Book, 4 January 1813 - 13 June 1817
Sixth Quarterly Minute Book, 15 October 1818 - 18 October 1820
Seventh Quarterly Minute Book, 12 October 1820 - 12 October 1826
Post Disincorporation Documents
Index of People and Places
Index of Subjects

More info here

20 August 2019

BOOK: Simone ZURBUCHEN, ed., The Law of Nations and Natural Law 1625-1800 (Leiden-New York: Brill, 2019). ISBN 978-90-04-38420-0, open access

(Source: Brill)

Brill is publishing a new open access book on the law of nations and natural law during the period 1625-1800 at the end of this month.


The Law of Nations and Natural Law 1625-1800 offers innovative studies on the development of the law of nations after the Peace of Westphalia. This period was decisive for the origin and constitution of the discipline which eventually emancipated itself from natural law and became modern international law.

A specialist on the law of nations in the Swiss context and on its major figure, Emer de Vattel, Simone Zurbuchen prompted scholars to explore the law of nations in various European contexts. The volume studies little known literature related to the law of nations as an academic discipline, offers novel interpretations of classics in the field, and deconstructs ‘myths’ associated with the law of nations in the Enlightenment.


Simone Zurbuchen, Ph.D. (1991), University of Zurich, is Professor of Modern and Contemporary Philosophy at the University of Lausanne. She has published widely on early modern moral and political philosophy, focusing on Samuel Pufendorf and the Swiss-romande school of natural law.


Notes on Contributors

  Simone Zurbuchen

Part 1
Teaching the Law of Nations
1 Natural Law for the Nobility? The Law of Nature and Nations at the Erlangen Ritterakademie (1701–1741)
  Katharina Beiergroesslein and Iris von Dorn
2 Serving Danish Foreign Policy: Andreas Hojer’s De eo quod iure belli licet in minores (1735)
  Mads Langballe Jensen
3 The Law of Nations at the Naval Academy in Copenhagen around 1800: the Lectures of Christian Krohg
  Thor Inge Rørvik
4 The Law of Nations in German historia literaria and Encyclopaedias in the Eighteenth Century
  Frank Grunert

Part 2
The Law of Nations from the Peace of Westphalia to the Enlightenment
5 Pufendorf on the Law of Sociality and the Law of Nations
  Kari Saastamoinen
6 The International Political Thought of Johann Jacob Schmauss and Johann Gottlieb Heineccius: Natural Law, Interest, History and the Balance of Power
  Peter Schröder
7 Men, Monsters and the History of Mankind in Vattel’s Law of Nations
  Pärtel Piirimäe
8 Guarantee and Intervention: the Assessment of the Peace of Westphalia in International Law and Politics by Authors of Natural Law and of Public Law, c. 1650–1806
  Patrick Milton

Part 3
The Law of Nations and the ‘École romande du droit naturel’
9 Born to Rule: Burlamaqui and Rousseau on the Education of Princes
  Lisa Broussois
10 Defining the Law of Nations: the École romande du droit naturel and the Lausanne Edition of Grotius’ De jure belli ac pacis (1751–1752)
  Simone Zurbuchen
11 Vattel’s Doctrine of the Customary Law of Nations between Sovereign Interests and the Principles of Natural Law
  Francesca Iurlaro
12 The Circulation of the École romande du droit naturel in Eighteenth-Century Italy
  Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina


All info here

16 August 2019

BOOK: Horst DREIER, Matthias JESTAEDT, and Stanley L. PAULSON, eds., Kelsen Im Kontext Beiträge Zum Werk Hans Kelsens Und Geistesverwandter Autoren (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019). ISBN 978-3-16-158191-5, 69,00 €

(Source: Mohr Siebeck)

Mohr Siebeck has published a new edited collection contextualizing the work of Hans Kelsen.


In diesem Band, der zwölf erstmals in den Jahren 1983 bis 2018 veröffentlichte Beiträge enthält, sind die wichtigsten nichtmonografischen Schriften Horst Dreiers zu Hans Kelsen, der Reinen Rechtslehre, dem Rechtspositivismus und deren Rezeption in der deutschen Rechtswissenschaft versammelt. Gegen tradierte Vorbehalte und wider das zunächst verbreitete Desinteresse an Kelsen wirbt Dreier in Deutschland (und darüber hinaus) für einen frischen und unverstellten Blick auf die Reine Rechtslehre mit ihrem unüberbotenen Wissenschaftlichkeitsanspruch. Eingebunden und ergänzt werden die Schriften zu Kelsen und Co. durch Beiträge zu Autoren, die sich wie die Wiener Schule der Rechtstheorie dem aufklärerischen Ideal der Wissenschaftlichen Moderne in der Jurisprudenz verpflichtet fühlen. Im Einzelnen handelt es sich um Gerhard Anschütz und Richard Thoma, Max Weber und Niklas Luhmann.


Horst Dreier ist Professor für Rechtsphilosophie, Staats- und Verwaltungsrecht an der Universität Würzburg.

Matthias Jestaedt ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Öffentliches Recht und Rechtstheorie an der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg.

Stanley L. Paulson war zuletzt William Gardiner Hammond Professor of Law und Professor of Philosophy an der Washington University in St. Louis (USA) und ist derzeit Mercator Professor an der Universität Kiel.

The table of contents can be found here

15 August 2019

COLLOQUIUM: La loi de solidarité - Vers une fraternisation selon la théologie et le droit (Montauban, 16-18 September 2019)

Via the Portail Universitaire du droit, we learned of a colloquium organized by the Centre Toulousain d’histoire du droit et des idées politiques.

Après avoir interrogé la réciprocité, les prochaines rencontres montalbanaises proposent d’étudier la loi de solidarité. Lors des journées de l’été 2017, les théologiens ont rappelé aux juristes combien la formule « Tout ce que vous voulez que les hommes fassent pour vous, faites-le de même pour eux » emporte la mutua benevolentia qui veut le bien de l’autre comme l’on souhaite le sien propre. Rechercher la loi de solidarité, c’est aller plus loin vers un principe de juste partage – établir la part de chacun – qui devient une nécessité de bien commun. Dans la tradition judéo-chrétienne, la communauté d'origine donne le socle de la solidarité, on y perçoit – à travers la profusion d’une riche diversité – l'égalité première des hommes qui pouvaient fraterniser. Au XIXe siècle, la doctrine sociale assemble la solidarité à la responsabilité de tous et pour tous, ailleurs l’orthodoxie livre le terme de sobornost qui s’élargira. C’est faire accorder liberté et unité, pour la communion : « Ils n’avaient qu’un cœur et mettaient tout en commun ». En islam, on trouve une notion proche, avec une solidarité entre fidèles qui les rend frères. Toutefois la solidarité matérielle et spirituelle peut apparaître plus vaste, elle est magnifiée dans l’hexameron. Et l’on saisit cette solidarité étendue, illustrée par le Cantico di frate sol qui entraîne vers le respect des lois de la création. Jaillissent ici les relations entre l’humanité et « les autres créatures ». Les juristes montrent pareillement ce double mouvement des liens juridiques lorsqu’ils définissent la solidarité comme « l’union des personnes par une obligation », et parfois comme « un rapport d’interdépendance entre les choses ». La solidarité apparaît ainsi relationnelle jusqu’à devenir amicale. À la suite d’Aristote que reprend le droit romain dans l’amitié civique, puis la doctrine médiévale, on y voit l’amicus amico amicus. Mais là peuvent surgir des crises qui perturbent les relations jusqu’à les abîmer tant la confiance est atteinte, et diriger vers le bellum omnium contra omnes, ou le « chacun contre tous » et le « tous contre chacun ». Liées aux désordres particularistes, ces ruptures doivent alerter, car elles déforment la solidarité – surtout en temps d’insécurité – jusqu’à en faire récemment un délit, ou parfois engager vers des réflexes de complaisance qu’entraînent les fausses ressemblances. Heureusement, les embarras des temps peuvent toujours redevenir lieux d’harmonie qui « rendent au droit sa fonction de rectifier les faits ». C’est exhorter aux devoirs envers les autres, dans une solidarité reliée à la subsidiarité que théologiens et juristes tentent de fonder sur le principe de fraternité, contre les tendances parfois individualistes ou trop impersonnelles des normes. Face aux définitions de la solidarité et à leurs dégradations, s’ouvrent des interrogations pour en comprendre les fondements à situer entre générosité ou obligation, les moyens, les finalités et les limites, appliqués à la variété des échanges, avec une question qui revient sans cesse : peut-on être solidaire de tout, ou simplement de tous ? Y a-t-il des solidarités impossibles, selon la fin posée ? Sur ces aspects marqués par un passé souvent troublé, ce colloque réunira des dignitaires religieux et des universitaires pour toujours conserver un dialogue.

Christine Mengès-Le Pape, Professeur à l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole, CTHDIP

14 August 2019

BOOK: Lolita Buckner INNISS, The Princeton Fugitive Slave - The Trials of James Collins Johnson (New York: Fordham University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780823285341, $29.95

Princeton University Press has published a new microhistory of the case of an enslaved person in 19th century America.


James Collins Johnson made his name by escaping slavery in Maryland and fleeing to Princeton, New Jersey, where he built a life in a bustling community of African Americans working at what is now Princeton University. After only four years, he was recognized by a student from Maryland, arrested, and subjected to a trial for extradition under the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act. On the eve of his rendition, after attempts to free Johnson by force had failed, a local aristocratic white woman purchased Johnson’s freedom, allowing him to avoid re-enslavement. The Princeton Fugitive Slave reconstructs James Collins Johnson’s life, from birth and enslaved life in Maryland to his daring escape, sensational trial for re-enslavement, and last-minute change of fortune, and through to the end of his life in Princeton, where he remained a figure of local fascination.

Stories of Johnson’s life in Princeton often describe him as a contented, jovial soul, beloved on campus and memorialized on his gravestone as “The Students Friend.” But these familiar accounts come from student writings and sentimental recollections in alumni reports—stories from elite, predominantly white, often southern sources whose relationships with Johnson were hopelessly distorted by differences in race and social standing. In interrogating these stories against archival records, newspaper accounts, courtroom narratives, photographs, and family histories, author Lolita Buckner Inniss builds a picture of Johnson on his own terms, piecing together the sparse evidence and disaggregating him from the other black vendors with whom he was sometimes confused.

By telling Johnson’s story and examining the relationship between antebellum Princeton’s black residents and the economic engine that supported their community, the book questions the distinction between employment and servitude that shrinks and threatens to disappear when an individual’s freedom is circumscribed by immobility, lack of opportunity, and contingency on local interpretations of a hotly contested body of law.


By (author) Lolita Buckner Inniss

Lolita Buckner Inniss, J.D., LL.M., Ph.D., is a professor at Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law, where she is a Robert G. Storey Distinguished Faculty Fellow. Her research addresses historic, geographic, metaphoric, and visual norms of law, especially in the context of race, gender, and comparative constitutionalism.

More info here

13 August 2019

BOOK: Paul QUIGLEY, ed., The Civil War and the Transformation of American Citizenship (Baton Rouge, 2018). ISBN 9780807168639, $47.50

(Source: LSU Press)
Louisiana State University Press published a book last year that deals with the US civil war and American citizenship.


The meanings and practices of American citizenship were as contested during the Civil War era as they are today. By examining a variety of perspectives—from prominent lawmakers in Washington, D.C., to enslaved women, from black firemen in southern cities to Confederate émigrés in Latin America—The Civil War and the Transformation of American Citizenship offers a wide-ranging exploration of citizenship’s metamorphoses amid the extended crises of war and emancipation.

Americans in the antebellum era considered citizenship, at its most basic level, as a legal status acquired through birth or naturalization, and one that offered certain rights in exchange for specific obligations. Yet throughout the Civil War period, the boundaries and consequences of what it meant to be a citizen remained in flux. At the beginning of the war, Confederates relinquished their status as U.S. citizens, only to be mostly reabsorbed as full American citizens in its aftermath. The Reconstruction years also saw African American men acquire—at least in theory—the core rights of citizenship. As these changes swept across the nation, Americans debated the parameters of citizenship, the possibility of adopting or rejecting citizenship at will, and the relative importance of political privileges, economic opportunity, and cultural belonging. Ongoing inequities between races and genders, over the course of the Civil War and in the years that followed, further shaped these contentious debates.

The Civil War and the Transformation of American Citizenship reveals how war, Emancipation, and Reconstruction forced the country to rethink the concept of citizenship not only in legal and constitutional terms but also within the context of the lives of everyday Americans, from imprisoned Confederates to former slaves.


Paul Quigley is James I. Robertson, Jr., Associate Professor of Civil War Studies at Virginia Tech and the author of Shifting Grounds: Nationalism and the American South, 1848–1865.

More info here

12 August 2019

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: La participation à la chose publique de l’Antiquité à la fin de la IIIème République (Aix-en-Provence, 5-6 December 2019) (DEADLINE: 15 September 2019)

Via the Portail universitaire du droit, we learned of a call for applications for recent scholars to participate to a colloquium organized by the Réseau Iuris Historia. Here the call:

L’association « Réseau Iuris Historia », composée de doctorants en histoire du droit de la faculté de droit et de science politique d’Aix-Marseille Université organise un colloque les 5 et 6 décembre 2019 sur le site aixois de la faculté. Cette manifestation réservée aux doctorants et docteurs récemment diplômés, a pour vocation d’offrir à de jeunes chercheurs, quelle que soit leur spécialisation juridique, la possibilité de se rencontrer et d’échanger sur des thèmes variés.

Face à une dénonciation de plus en plus explicite d’un déficit démocratique des décisions politiques, la revendication du vote obligatoire est remise en lumière à l’heure où, paradoxalement, l’abstention grandissante semble former une nouvelle forme d’expression aux élections nationales. Ainsi, la question de la participation à la chose publique, au coeur de l’actualité, constitue une thématique déterminante depuis l’Antiquité.

Durant l’Antiquité la notion de participation populaire était une notion naissante, créatrice de concepts pérennes qui demeureront des sujets centraux de la réflexion en histoire du droit et des idées politiques. En effetsous l’impulsion de l’idéal démocratique athénien initié par les réformes de Clisthène, malgré quelques fluctuations selon les cités et selon les époques, l’appartenance à la Cité antique s’accompagne bien souvent d’une participation active à la vie politique et constitue même un indicateur de sa prospérité. Toutefois, cet idéal peut être relativisé dans la mesure où la participation à la chose publique ne concerne qu’un faible pourcentage de la population.

La monarchie absolue d’Ancien Régime semble annihiler d’emblée toute participation des sujets à la vie publique. Pourtant on retrouve de nombreuses expressions populaires au niveau local (communes, bonnes villes) ou encore lors de la convocation des Etats Généraux. La participation à la chose publique ne s’est jamais arrêtée mais elle ressurgit dans l’histoire des idées sous la plume des Lumières. Ainsi, à la Révolution, le droit de vote et la représentation des citoyens par le biais de l’Assemblée Nationale deviennent des sujets de débats incontournables tant on s’accorde sur le fait que le peuple doit prendre part à l’exercice du pouvoir. Du Tiers-Etats de Sieyès à l’évocation du mandat impératif de Rousseau, les moyens de donner une voix au peuple ou à la Nation sont âprement discutés. Une représentation nationale des citoyens s’impose, ces derniers élisant leurs représentants afin d’exprimer leur volonté.

Réseau Iuris Historia 33 boulevard Freze 13015 Marseille

La période révolutionnaire ne met aucunement fin au débat autour de la participation. Les changements de régimes tout au long du XIXème siècle sont autant d’occasions de discuter de nouveau de l’étendue du suffrage et de ses enjeux. Il sera la plupart du temps censitaire malgré l’éclipse opérée par la IIe République en 1848. De nouvelles pratiques font leur apparition, comme le fameux plébiscite napoléonien.

Enfin, l’avènement du républicanisme dès 1870 ancre définitivement l’idée de la nécessité de la participation et oriente le débat davantage sur ses modalités en métropole. Dans ce même temps les regards se tournent vers l’Outre-mer et les possessions que la France acquiert en Afrique et en Asie. La colonisation amène un nouveau débat : celui de l’intégration des populations indigènes à la plus grande France ainsi que leur rôle au sein du gouvernement des colonies.

Ce large sujet a pour vocation de donner aux doctorants et jeunes docteurs des pistes de réflexion étendues sur la manière dont les hommes ont désigné, influencé ou encore interagi avec le pouvoir politique de l’Antiquité au début du 20ème siècle.

Les communications doivent être adressées à l’adresse suivante : Elles ne devront pas excéder 400 mots. Elles devront être accompagnées d’un curriculum vitae. L’adhésion à l’association, d’un montant de 10 €, est obligatoire pour tous les participants au moment de l’acceptation de leur proposition. Les chercheurs intéressés doivent faire acte de candidature avant le 15 septembre 2019. Les réponses seront adressées au plus tard le 10 octobre 2019. Les communications feront l’objet d’une publication en ligne sur le site de l’association.

Réseau Iuris Historia - 33 boulevard Freze - 13015 Marseille -

WORKSHOP: Workshop on Methods and Sources: Glocalising Normativities (MPI for European Legal History, 21 August 2019)

We learned of a workshop on methodology at the Max Planck Institute in Frankfurt. Participation is subject to registration at

Methodologically, the Glocalising Normativities project is based on the legal history in global perspective developed at the MPIeR in recent years: sensitivity for the diversity of different forms of normativity (multinormativity), for processes of translation, for the spatial dimension of law, and for how norms were used and mobilised in situations of conflict. The Glocalising Normativities project aims to contribute to a global legal history by decentering the observation of normative production. It does so by focusing on detailed local case studies from places in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas.

Since the problems of method and sources are central, the Glocalising Normativities project will conduct periodic workshops to discuss issues of method, media and law, normative praxeology, institutions, translation, and the larger problems of conceptualizing and conducting global legal history. The aim is to foster discussion with researchers and guests based on hands-on experience in the use and interpretation of sources. The first of these workshops will take place on 21 August 2019 at the MPIeR. Participation is subject to registration at

More info with the Max Planck Institute  

09 August 2019


(image source: biblioweb.hypotheses)


This blog will stop adding new posts for the summer, from 9 to 16 August.

Enjoy the holidays !

The ESCLH Blog Team.

BOOK: Carlton F.W. LARSON, The Trials of Allegiance: Treason, Juries, and the American Revolution (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019). ISBN 9780190932749, $34.95

(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press is publishing a book on the law of treason during the American Revolution.


The Trials of Allegiance examines the law of treason during the American Revolution: a convulsive, violent civil war in which nearly everyone could be considered a traitor, either to Great Britain or to America.

Drawing from extensive archival research in Pennsylvania, one of the main centers of the revolution, Carlton Larson provides the most comprehensive analysis yet of the treason prosecutions brought by Americans against British adherents: through committees of safety, military tribunals, and ordinary criminal trials. Although popular rhetoric against traitors was pervasive in Pennsylvania, jurors consistently viewed treason defendants not as incorrigibly evil, but as fellow Americans who had made a political mistake. This book explains the repeated and violently controversial pattern of acquittals. Juries were carefully selected in ways that benefited the defendants, and jurors refused to accept the death penalty as an appropriate punishment for treason. The American Revolution, unlike many others, would not be enforced with the gallows.

More broadly, Larson explores how the Revolution's treason trials shaped American national identity and perceptions of national allegiance. He concludes with the adoption of the Treason Clause of the United States Constitution, which was immediately put to use in the early 1790s in response to the Whiskey Rebellion and Fries's Rebellion.

In taking a fresh look at these formative events, The Trials of Allegiance reframes how we think about treason in American history, up to and including the present.


Carlton F.W. Larson is Professor of Law at the University of California, Davis School of Law.



1. Treason in Colonial Pennsylvania
The Adoption of English Treason Law
Pennsylvania's Earliest Treason Cases
The Outbreak of War
The Disputes with Virginia and Connecticut

2. Resistance and Treason, 1765-1775
Justifying Resistance
A Jury of One's Peers
Identifying the Real Traitors

3. Treason Against America, 1775-1776
The War's First Treason Charges
The Second Round of Treason Charges
County Committees of Safety
Denunciation of Enemies
The British Legal Response to the Rebels

4. From Independence to Invasion, 1776-1778
The Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention and the Treason Ordinance
The Council of Safety and the County Committees
Enactment of a Treason Statute
The Case of James Molesworth and the Scope of Military Jurisdiction
The Test Act
Re-Opening the Courts
The Exiles to Virginia
The Fall of Philadelphia and Military Trials

5. The Winding Path to the Courthouse, 1778
Prosecutions in the County Courts
The Attainder Statute and Property Forfeitures
Chief Justice Thomas McKean and the Re-Opening of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court
The Special Commission for Bedford County
The Return to Philadelphia
Hiring Prosecutors and Court Employees
The Chester County Treason Trials

6. The Philadelphia Treason Trials, 1778-1779: Forming the Jury
The Grand Jurors
Trial Juror Selection: The Panel and Challenges
Trial Juror Demographics
Trial Juror Political Activity

7. The Philadelphia Treason Trials, 1778-1779: Trial and Deliberation
Defendant Demographics and Political Activity
Defense Counsel
Charges and Defenses
Trial Witnesses
Evidentiary Objections
Jury Deliberations
The Death Penalty

8. Resentment and Betrayal, 1779-1781
The Newspaper Debates over the Franks Trial
The Trial of Samuel Rowland Fisher
Fort Wilson
Modifications to Pennsylvania's Treason Law
The Battle Over Detentions
Misprision of Treason Cases before the Justices of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court
Benedict Arnold
The Aftermath: The Executions of David Dawson and Ralph Morden
The Berks County Tax Revolt
The Trials of Justin McCarty and Samuel Chapman

9. Peace, the Constitution, and Rebellion, 1781-1800
Treason Prosecutions after Yorktown
Treason Cases: Summary Data
The Escaping Prisoners Cases
The Returning Loyalists
The Continuing Threat of Internal Dismemberment
Treason and the United States Constitution
The Status of State Treason Law
The Whiskey Rebellion
Fries's Rebellion



More information here

08 August 2019

NEWS: Cambridge Core Retrospect on “The Ancient Constitution and the Languages of Political Thought”

(Source: Cambridge Core)

Cambridge Core has a new Retrospect (digital collections of articles from across the archive of The Historical Journal) on the topic of “The Ancient Constitution and the Languages of Political Thought” (English legal history), which contains a list of open access articles.


Abstract: Historians of political thought speak of ‘languages’ of politics. A language provides a lexicon, an available resource for legitimating positions. It is looser than a ‘theory’, because protean, and not predictive of particular doctrines. Some languages attract considerable scholarly attention, while others languish, for all that they were ambient in past cultures. In recent scholarship on early modern European thought, natural law and civic humanism have dominated. Yet prescriptive appeals to national historiographies were equally pervasive. Many European cultures appealed to Tacitean mythologies of a Gothic ur-constitution. The Anglophone variant dwelt on putative Saxon freedoms, the status of the Norman ‘Conquest’, whether feudalism ruptured the Gothic inheritance, and how common law related to ‘reason’, natural law, and divine law. Whigs rooted parliaments in the Saxon witenagemot; though, by the eighteenth century, ‘modern’ Whigs discerned liberty as the fruit of recent socio-economic change. Levellers and Chartists alike talked of liberation from the ‘Norman Yoke’. These themes were explored from the 1940s onwards under the stimulus of Herbert Butterfield; one result was J. G. A. Pocock's classic Ancient constitution and the feudal law (1957).
Retrospect Articles

Catherine Behrens, ‘The Whig theory of the constitution in the reign of Charles II’,[Cambridge Historical Journal], 7 (1941)

J. G. A. Pocock, ‘Robert Brady, 1627-1700: a Cambridge historian of the Restoration’,[Cambridge Historical Journal], 10 (1951)

J. G. A. Pocock, ‘Burke and the ancient constitution: a problem in the history of ideas’, 3 (1960)

Quentin Skinner, ‘History and ideology in the English Revolution’, 8 (1965)

Corinne Comstock Weston, ‘Legal sovereignty in the Brady controversy’, 15 (1972)

H. S. Pawlisch, ‘Sir John Davies, the ancient constitution and the Civil Law’, 23 (1980)

R. B. Seaberg, ‘The Norman Conquest and the common law: the Levellers and the argument from continuity’, 24 (1981)

Robert Willman, ‘Blackstone and the “theoretical perfection” of English law in the reign of Charles II’, 26 (1983)

Martyn Thompson, ‘Significant silences in Locke’s Two treatises of government’, 31 (1987)

Jim Smyth, ‘“Like amphibious animals”: Irish Protestants, ancient Britons, 1691–1707', 36 (1993)

Rachel Foxley, ‘John Lilburne and the citizenship of “free-born Englishmen”’, 47 (2004)

Philip Connell, ‘British identities and the politics of ancient poetry in late eighteenth-century England’, 49 (2006)

Ian Campbell, ‘Aristotelian ancient constitution and anti-Aristotelian sover-eignty in Stuart Ireland’, 53 (2010)

George Owers, ‘Common law jurisprudence and ancient constitutionalismin the radical thought of John Cartwright, Granville Sharp, and Capel Lofft’, 58 (2015)

07 August 2019

BOOK: Luisa BRUNORI et al., eds., Le Droit face à l’économie sans travail. Tome I Sources intellectuelles, acteurs, résolution des conflits (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2019). ISBN 978-2-406-08407-5

Classiques Garnier has published a new co-edited collection that contains several contributions that deal with the “dynamics of the jobless economy” from a legal-historical angle (the book is only available in digital version).


Ten years after the beginning of the subprime crisis, the situation in the early years of the third millennium requires a broad look at the dynamics of the jobless economy, understood as the set of financial operations that do not directly compensate human labor or the exchange of goods.

The table of contents can be found here

All info here

NEWS: The School of Salamanca – A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language

Over the past few months, the “The School of Salamanca – A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language” has posted various new digital editions of works by key thinkers from the Salamanca School (e.g. Melchor Cano, Domingo Banez, etc.).

Project Description

The (re-)discovery of the fundamental importance of the School of Salamanca for the early modern discourse about law, politics, religion and ethics is widespread among of philosophers and legal historians. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the intellectual sparks emitted by this academic force field reached not only the most far-flung cities of the Spanish monarchy, be it Mexico, Madrid or Manila: they also spread to universities in the protestant territories of the Ancien Régime. Europe's intellectual history, history of political thought, and legal history can not be understood adequately without being aware of the School of Salamanca as an almost universal intellectual reference point. Nevertheless, the assessment of the School and its intellectual influence remains a much discussed topic until the present day.

The School of Salamanca's significance and influence on more than one continent as well as in different academic fields have given rise to an impressive multitude of research efforts in various disciplines: philosophers, historians, jurists, legal historians, and theologians pursue the reconstruction of complex subareas of the Salamantine intellectual edifice. The sheer number of these research projects wordwide has caused a notable fragmentation of the scientific landscape. Notably the connections between persons, texts, and disciplines threaten to become lost, but also an understanding of comprehensive questions and methods.

These are the problems our project aims to adress by creating an easy access to primary sources, their concepts and contexts. As a foundation of our work we will build a digital text corpus including 116 works of the Salmantine jurists and theologians in selected prints from the 16th and 17th centuries. The high-resolution scans will be complemented by the full text of the featured works, supporting all online researches with comfortable search functionalities. Based on these resources, we will also compose a historic dictionary of circa 300 essential terms of the Salmantine School's juridic-politic language, bringing together international and interdisciplinary research perspectives. In the electronic version, the dictionary articles will be linked to the source texts, enabling easy access to information about concepts, contexts, and authors. At the final stage, a print-version of the dictionary will be published.

More info about the project can be found here, the latest news on the project can be found here

CONFERENCE: Liberalism – Historical and Contemporary Variations (Helsinki, 24-25 October 2019)

The University of Helsinki has published the preliminary program for its conference on liberalism.

University of Helsinki, 24-25 October 2019. Yliopistonkatu 3, 00100 Helsinki, Porthania IV (Suomen Laki Hall)

Keynotes: Quinn Slobodian (Wellesley), Werner Bonefeld (York), Sonja Amadae (Helsinki)
Organized by the Centre of Excellence in Law, Identity and the European Narratives (EuroStorie)

Preliminary programme (please note that the programme is still subject to change)

24 October 2019
09:30-10:45 Keynote: Quinn Slobodian (Wellesley College): TBC
10:45-11:00 Coffee break
11:00-13:00 Ordoliberalism
Olimpia Malatesta (University of Bologna): Ordoliberalism as a philosophy of crisis: On the “end of capitalism” and the legacy of 19th-century social sciences
Timo Miettinen (University of Helsinki): TBC
Pavlos Roufos (Kassel University): The political economy of Ordoliberalism: Weimar, 1929 and Nazism as determinants of the ordoliberal framework
Richard Sturn & Nenad Pantelic (University of Graz): Varieties of Liberalism between Resilience and Crisis
14:30-16:00 Christian political movements and liberalism
Merijn Oudenampsen (University of Amsterdam): The responsible society: neoliberalism and Dutch Christian Democracy
Benjamin Thomas (University Of Nottingham): Refraction as a model for neo-liberalisation
Johan Strang (University of Helsinki): Democracy with or without liberalism? The Scandinavian post-war settlement
16:15-17:45 Liberalism Beyond Europe
Geetanjali Srikantan (Tilburg University): Liberalism as Moral Instruction: Examining the Rejection of Colonial Law in Post-Colonial Judicial Interventions on Religion, Gender and Sexuality in India
Hélène Mayrand (University of Sherbrooke): International Environmental Law as a Neo-Liberal Project
Jeremy Gould (University of Helsinki): Tracking the return migration of Imperial liberalism from the postcolony to the metropole

25 October 2019
09:00-10:15 Keynote: Werner Bonefeld (University of York): TBC
10:15-10:30 Coffee break
10:30-12:30 Liberalism’s antagonists
Ville Suuronen (University of Helsinki): TBC
Peter Povilonis (Humboldt University of Berlin): An Old Story: (Neo-)liberalism’s Connection to Totalitarianism
Tuukka Brunila (University of Helsinki): Limiting the political: Carl Schmitt’s transformative critique of liberalism
Ben Schupmann (Duke Kunshan University): Liberalism and Constrained Democracy
14:00-16:00 Post-war history of liberalism
Kangle Zhang (University of Helsinki): Merton Miller and the Rise of Financial Liberalization
Konsta Kotilainen (University of Helsinki): A General Crisis of Liberalism?
Pauli Heikkilä (University of Helsinki): Between national liberation and international liberalism. Committee of Liberal Exiles
Marko Ampuja (Tampere University): Neoliberalism as Ideology Critique: Hayek, von Mises and Schumpeter on the Intellectual and Cultural Hostility to Capitalism
16:15-17:30 Keynote: Sonja Amadae (University of Helsinki): TBC

All info can be found here

06 August 2019

BOOK: Frank O. BOWMAN, High Crimes and Misdemeanors: A History of Impeachment for the Age of Trump (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108481052, $ 29.95

(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press has published a new book on the history of impeachment.


For the third time in forty-five years, America is talking about impeaching a president, but the impeachment provisions of the American constitution are widely misunderstood. In High Crimes and Misdemeanors, constitutional scholar Frank O. Bowman, III offers unprecedented clarity to the question of impeachment, tracing its roots to medieval England through its adoption in the Constitution and 250 years of American experience. By examining the human and political history of those who have faced impeachment, Bowman demonstrates that the Framers intended impeachment to be a flexible tool, adaptable to the needs of any age. Written in a lively, engaging style, the book combines a deep historical and constitutional analysis of the impeachment clauses, a coherent theory of when impeachment should be used to protect constitutional order against presidential misconduct, and a comprehensive presentation of the case for and against impeachment of President Trump. It is an indispensable work for the present moment.


Frank O. Bowman IIIUniversity of Missouri

Frank O. Bowman, III is a law professor, legal historian, and former federal and state prosecutor. He has written extensively on impeachment in legal journals and the popular press, including the New York Times, Politico, and Slate, where he is regular contributor. He has provided testimony to both Houses of Congress on multiple subjects including the meaning of 'high crimes and misdemeanors' during the Clinton impeachment crisis.


1. How to interpret the Constitution's impeachment clauses
2. British impeachments (1376–1787)
3. American impeachments before 1787
4. The Founders' impeachment
5. Impeaching legislators and lesser executive branch officials
6. Impeachment of judges
7. The impeachment of Andrew Johnson
8. The fall of President Richard Nixon
9. The strange case of William Jefferson Clinton
10. The scope of impeachable presidential conduct: general principles
11. Impeachment for obstruction of justice
12. Impeachment for abuse of the pardon power
13. Impeachment for lying
14. Impeachment for corruption – schemes of peculation, the emoluments clauses, and the avaricious president
15. The twenty-fifth amendment as an alternative to impeachment
16. Impeaching Donald Trump

More information here

05 August 2019

BOOK: Michael LOBBAN, Joanne BEGIATO, and Adrian GREEN, eds., Law, Lawyers and Litigants in Early Modern England Essays in Memory of Christopher W. Brooks (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108491723

(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press has published an edited collection on Law, Lawyers and Litigants in Early Modern England in memory of Christopher W. Brooks.


Written in memory of Christopher W. Brooks, this collection of essays by prominent historians examines and builds on the scholarly legacy of the leading historian of early modern English law, society and politics. Brooks's work put legal culture and legal consciousness at the centre of our understanding of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century English society, and the English common law tradition. The essays presented here develop a number of strands found in his work, and take them in new directions. They shed new light on central debates in the history of the common law, exploring how law was understood and used by different communities in early modern England, and examining how and why people engaged (or did not engage) in litigation. The volume also contains two hitherto unpublished essays by Christopher Brooks, which consider the relationship between law and religion and between law and political revolution in seventeenth-century England.


Michael LobbanLondon School of Economics and Political Science
Michael Lobban is the author of a number of works on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English legal history. He was a colleague of Christopher W. Brooks' at the University of Durham, and co-edited the volume Community and Courts in Britain 1150–1900 (1997) with him.
Joanne BegiatoOxford Brookes University
Joanne Begiato has published widely in the history of emotions, material culture, masculinities, family, parenting, and marriage. Her Ph.D. was supervised by Christopher W. Brooks at the University of Durham.
Adrian GreenUniversity of Durham
Adrian Green studies the history of buildings, especially the relationship between architecture and society in England and English America between the Reformation and Industrial Revolution. His Ph.D. in Archaeology and History was supervised by Matthew H. Johnson and Christopher W. Brooks at the University of Durham.


1. Introduction Michael Lobban, Joanne Begiato and Adrian Green
2. Christopher Brooks's contribution to early modern history Michael J. Braddick
3. Law, law-consciousness and lawyers as constitutive of early modern England: Christopher W. Brooks's singular journey David Sugarman
4. 'The hard rind of legal history': F. W. Maitland and the writing of late medieval and early modern British social history R. A. Houston
5. Fountains of justice: James I, Charles I and equity R. W. Hoyle
6. The Inns of Court, Renaissance, and the language of modernity Phil Withington
7. The micro-spatial dynamics of litigation: the Chilvers Coton tithe dispute, Barrows vs. Archer (1657) Steve Hindle
8. 'Law-mindedness': crowds, courts and popular knowledge of the law in early modern England John Walter
9. Local laws, local principles: the paradoxes of local legal processes in early modern England Peter Rushton
10. 'So now you are wed enough': clandestine unions in the north-west of England in the first half of the eighteenth century Joanne Begiato
11. 'Blunderers and Blotters of the Law? The rise of conveyancing in the eighteenth century and long term socio-legal change' Craig Muldrew
12. England and America: the role of the Justice of the Peace in County Durham, England and Richmond County, Virginia, in the eighteenth century Gwenda Morgan
13. Law and architecture in early modern Durham Adrian Green
14. Law and revolution: the seventeenth century English example C. W. Brooks
15. Religion and law in early modern England C. W. Brooks.

More info here

02 August 2019

Patrick BARADEAU ed., Les codes noirs: texte intégral - Et autres textes de loi concernant l'esclavage (Paris: LGDJ, 2019). ISBN 978-2-84795-446-3, €10.00

(Source: LGDJ)

LGDJ has published a new book containing seminal laws of French slavery in the New World.


La colonisation du Nouveau Monde par les Européens a entraîné pour la première fois dans l'histoire de l'humanité des déportations de masse de populations extra-européennes. Elle s'est accompagnée du développement d'un odieux système: l'esclavagisme.

Avec cette édition, nous mettons à la portée du lecteur les deux textes fondamentaux concernant l'esclavage en France: le Code noir de 1685 et celui de 1724. Le premier destiné aux Antilles françaises et le second à la Louisiane. Ils sont complétés par un édit du roi de 1716, « concernant les esclaves nègres des colonies ». Nous avons jugé utile d'ajouter deux textes officiels de la République française qui abolissent l'esclavage: le décret du 4 février 1794 de la Convention nationale et le décret du 27 avril 1848 de la Deuxième République.

Ces textes, essentiels à découvrir, permettent de mieux connaître le passé esclavagiste de notre pays, de lutter ainsi contre son occultation et d'éclairer nos concitoyens afin que les débats et controverses actuels concernant ces pages tragiques de notre histoire nationale soient abordés en toute clarté.
Textes présentés par Patrick Baradeau.

Patrick Baradeau est historien (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales) et éditeur. Il a été l'auteur d'une 
Histoire de France à L'Esprit du Temps. Un livre consacré à La Drôle de guerre sortira à l'automne pour le 80e anniversaire du commencement de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et un ouvrage consacré à la Marseillaise est en cours de rédaction.

Patrick Baradeau a dirigé plusieurs collections d'histoire chez Hachette et mis sur pied les collections «
 Géopolitique » de L'Esprit du Temps.

More information here

BOOK: Hoang TRAN, Race, Law, and Higher Education in the Colorblind Era Critical Investigations into Race-Related Supreme Court Disputes (London: Routledge, 2019). ISBN 9780815361237, £115.00

(Source: Routledge)

Routledge is publishing a new book providing a detailed analysis of US Supreme Court judgments which have impacted the rights of minorities in relation to higher education


This book provides detailed analysis of Supreme Court judgments which have impacted the rights of minorities in relation to higher education, and so illustrates ongoing issues of racial discrimination throughout the American education sector.

Race, Law, and Higher Education in the Colorblind Era brings together the many racial disputes that have been adjudicated by the Supreme Court to investigate the politics of colorblindness in the post-civil rights era. Through a reading of these various cases as a form of continuing racial discourse, this book focuses on the ways in which racial disputes operate within a clearly entwined colorblind narrative that invalidates racial justice for minorities. By investigating how the Supreme Court has understood racism and the concept of race across its history, this volume demonstrates how colleges and universities must navigate the often contradictory and perilous landscape of ‘diversity’ in attempts to integrate historically disadvantaged minorities.

This book will be of interest to researchers, academics, and postgraduate students in the fields of sociology of education, multicultural education, and legal education.


Hoang Vu Tran is an Assistant Professor of Curriculum, Culture, and Educational Inquiry in the College of Education at Florida Atlantic University, USA.


• Preface
• Introduction
Section I: Foundations of Colorblindness, Whiteness, and Racial Subordination
• Chapter 1 - Judicial Colorblindness and the Problem of Racism
• Chapter 2 - Commitments: Of Methods and Interpretation
• Chapter 3 - A Historical Synergy: Law, Whiteness, and the Hegemony of Racial Subordination
Section II: Revisiting and Revising 'Settled' History
• Chapter 4 - The Politics and Whiteness of Brown v. Board of Education
• Chapter 5 - (Un)Equal Protection and Disproportionate Harm to Minorities
• Chapter 6 - Affirmative Action = Discrimination (to whites) in the Colorblind Era
Section III: Critical Contemporary Perspectives
• Chapter 7 - After Fisher v. University of Texas: Racial Justice or Whiteness Rising?
• Chapter 8 - Diversity Trending Up, Affirmative Action on Life Support, and the Perilous Status of Asian Americans
• Chapter 9 - Future Directions
Selected bibliography

More info here

01 August 2019

E-JOURNAL ARTICLES: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series – Recent papers

(Source: SSRN)

Over the last few months, the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History has posted several new research papers on its SSRN page. The various papers can be found here