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17 July 2018

BOOK: Vanessa HOLLOWAY, Black Rights in the Reconstruction Era (Lanham: Hamilton Books, 2018). ISBN 978-0-7618-7035-7, $70.00



Hamilton Books has published a book on black rights during the reconstruction era.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Most observers and historians rarely acknowledge the history of civil rights predating the twentieth-century. The book Black Rights in the Reconstruction Era pays significant scholarly attention to the intellectual ferment—legal and political—of the nineteenth-century by tracing the history of black Americans’ civil rights to the postbellum era. By revisiting its faulty foundational history, this book lends itself to show that, after emancipation, national and local struggles for racial equality had led to the encoding of racism in the political order in the American South and the proliferation of racism as an American institution.Vanessa Holloway draws upon a host of historical, legal, and philosophical studies as well as legislative histories to construct a coherent theory of the law’s relevance to the era, questioning how the nexus of race and politics should be interpreted during Reconstruction. Anchored in the Reconstruction Amendments, Supreme Court decisions and landmark statutes of the 1860s and 1870s—the Black Codes, the Freedmen’s Bureau, the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the Reconstruction Acts, the Enforcement Acts, and the Civil Rights Act of 1875—Black Rights in the Reconstruction Era offers a new perspective on the political history of law between the years 1865 and 1877. It is predominant in the ongoing debates on social justice and racial inequality.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Vanessa Holloway is a historian and philosopher of political theory, legal history, law and policy, and race and rights. She is also the author of Getting Away With Murder: The Twentieth-Century Struggle for Civil Rights in the U.S. Senate (2014) and In Search of Federal Enforcement: The Moral Authority of the Fifteenth Amendment and the Integrity of the Black Ballot (2015).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction. Unwelcome Changes
Part I. Initial Legal Barriers to Racial Equality, 1865-1868
Chapter 1: Thirteenth Amendment
Chapter 2: Black Codes
Chapter 3: Freedmen’s Bureau
Chapter 4: Civil Rights Act of 1866
Chapter 5: Reconstruction Acts of 1867
Chapter 6: Fourteenth Amendment
Part II. Other Legislative and Constitutional Issues, 1870-1876
Chapter 7: Fifteenth Amendment
Chapter 8: Enforcement Acts of 1870-71
Chapter 9: Civil Rights Act of 1875
Appendix I. Reconstruction Era Congresses and U.S. Presidents
Appendix II. Federal Constitutional Amendments, Acts and Cases
Selected Bibliography

More information here

BOOK: Jörg BENEDICT, Culpa in Contrahendo : Transformationen des zivilrechts. 1, entdeckungen oder zur geschichte der vertrauenshaftung (Heidelberg: Mohr Siebeck, 2018). ISBN 978-3-16-151744-0, 125,00 €


(Source: Mohr Siebeck)

Later this month, Mohr Siebeck will publish the first volume of a two-volume series on the legal concept of culpa in contrahendo. The 1st volume treats the history of the concept.  

ABOUT THE BOOK

Die culpa in contrahendo gilt als die nachhaltigste aller juristischen Entdeckungen, und in dieser Konnotation steht sie für die juristische Kreativität und Leistungsfähigkeit der deutschen Zivilrechtswissenschaft schlechthin. Vor 150 Jahren von Rudolf v. Jhering ins juristische Dasein gerufen, haben ihre immer ausgedehnteren praktischen Anwendungsbereiche aus einer anfänglich bloßen begrifflichen Idee ein mittlerweile nicht mehr überschaubares Rechtsinstitut werden lassen. Dabei klafft seit jeher ein Graben zwischen der praktischen Anwendungsbreite einerseits und einer überzeugenden wissenschaftlichen Begründung andererseits. Eine sichere dogmatische Eingrenzung dieser sogenannten »dritten Haftungsspur« zwischen Vertrag und Delikt ist bisher nicht gelungen und darüber vermag auch der Umstand nicht hinwegzutäuschen, dass die »vorvertragliche Haftung« jedenfalls in Deutschland seit der Schuldrechtsreform 2002 Gesetzeskraft genießt. Wegen ihrer rechtstheoretischen Unfasslichkeit gilt die culpa in contrahendo manchen auch weniger als ein Zeugnis juristischer Wissenschaftlichkeit denn als »wandelnder Irrwisch« und Ausdruck einer diffusen Billigkeitsjurisprudenz.

Der vorliegende erste Teil der auf zwei Bände angelegten Studie bemüht sich um eine grundlegende und ganzheitliche Bestandsaufnahme dieses wichtigen Haftungsinstituts. Der umfassende methodologische Ansatz, der rechtshistorische, -philosophische, -vergleichende, -ökonomische und rechtsdogmatische Perspektiven einbezieht, ermöglicht nicht nur, die prägenden geistigen Kräfte hinter der jeweils akzeptierten dogmatischen Haftungskonstruktion, sondern auch Transformationen und Kontinuitäten im Zivilrechtsdenken seit der Römischen Antike aufzuzeigen.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jörg Benedict Geboren 1966; Studium der Rechtswissenschaft, Philosophie, Soziologie an den Universitäten Greifswald und Rostock; 2007–08 Vertretungsprofessur (Universität Rostock); 2008–09 Vertretungsprofessur (LMU München); seit 2010 Lehrstuhlinhaber für »Bürgerliches Recht, Europäisches Privatrecht, Rechtsgeschichte und Rechtsphilosophie« und Dekan der Juristischen Fakultät der Universität Rostock.

More information here

16 July 2018

BOOK: Eldar HABER, Criminal Copyright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108403917, £ 24.99



Later this month, Cambridge University Press is due to publish a book which offers an examination of the history of criminal copyright.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Since the birth of criminal copyright in the nineteenth century, the copyright system has blurred the distinction between civil and criminal infringements. Today, in many jurisdictions, infringement of copyrighted materials can result in punitive fines and even incarceration. In this illuminating book, Eldar Haber analyzes the circumstances, justifications, and ramifications of the criminalization process and tells the story of how a legal right in the private enforcement realm has become over-criminalized. He traces the origins of criminal copyright legislation and follows the movement of copyright criminalization and enforcement on local and global scales. This important work should be read by anyone concerned with the future of copyright and intellectual property in the digital era.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Eldar Haber, University of Haifa, Israel
Eldar Haber is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, University of Haifa and a faculty associate at the Berkman-Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, Massachusetts. He teaches and writes about copyright, criminal law, surveillance, privacy and data protection, and civil rights and liberties in the digital age. He has published on all these matters in many flagship law reviews and leading law and technology journals. He has won several academic awards, prizes and grants, and his work is frequently cited in many scholarly articles, book chapters, books, Federal Courts, as well as the media.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
1. Criminal copyright overview
2. Copyright criminalization in the United Kingdom
3. Copyright criminalization in the United States
4. The criminal copyright gap
5. Internal reasoning for criminal copyright
6. External reasoning for criminal copyright
7. The copyright-criminal integration
8. An integrated approach for copyright criminalization
9. The future of criminal copyright and how to stop it
Conclusion.

More information here

ACADEMIC SESSION: Centenary of the Legal History Review (Leiden, 5 OCT 2018); REGISTRATION BY 15 SEP 2018

(image source: Universiteit Leiden)

The Legal History Review celebrates its centenary in 2018. Founded by Dutch jurists E.M. Meijers, A.S. de Blécourt and J. van Kan, the eminent review's history, present and future will be discussed at Leiden University, in the E.M. Meijers Hall (Rapenburg 73, Leiden, Netherlands).

Programme:

11:30 Opening address by A. Wijffels (Belgian Chairman of the Legal History Review)
11:40 Congratulations by M. Huetink (Director, Brill Publishers)
11:50 'The Legal History Review in the past 100 years', by L. Winkel (Dutch Chairman of the Legal History Review)

12:30 Luncheon

Afternoon session: publishing a journal today

Chair: L. Waelkens

14:00 H. De Meij MA (Director Academic Relations, Brill) on 'Publishing journals now'
14:20 Prof. dr. M. Kemerink (Universitet Linköping) on 'Peer review'
14:35 Prof. dr. L. Pahlow (J.W. Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main) on 'Copyright'
14:50 Prof. dr. D. Visser (Universiteit Leiden) on 'Open access'
15:00 Discussion

16:00 Break

Chair: B. Sirks

16:30 Celebratory address by Prof. dr. H.-P. Haferkamp (Universität Köln)
17:15 Congratulations by Prof. dr. C.J.J.M. Stolker, Rector Magnificus (Leyden University)

Deadline for registration: 15 September 2018 (with the Journal's editorial secretary).


BOOK: Sam ERMAN, Almost Citizens: Puerto Rico, the U.S. Constitution, and Empire [Studies in Legal History] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108415491, £ 39.99



Via the American Society for Legal History, we learned of a new forthcoming book (November 2018) in their “Studies in Legal History” series. The book deals with the US annexation of Puerto Rico in 1898 and the imperial governance issues this created. The book can be pre-ordered here

ABOUT THE BOOK

Almost Citizens lays out the tragic story of how the United States denied Puerto Ricans full citizenship following annexation of the island in 1898. As America became an overseas empire, a handful of remarkable Puerto Ricans debated with US legislators, presidents, judges, and others over who was a citizen and what citizenship meant. This struggle caused a fundamental shift in constitution law: away from the post-Civil War regime of citizenship, rights, and statehood and toward doctrines that accommodated racist imperial governance. Erman's gripping account shows how, in the wake of the Spanish-American War, administrators, lawmakers, and presidents together with judges deployed creativity and ambiguity to transform constitutional meaning for a quarter of a century. The result is a history in which the United States and Latin America, Reconstruction and empire, and law and bureaucracy intertwine.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Sam Erman, University of Southern California
Sam Erman is Associate Professor at the University of Southern California Gould School of Law.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
1. 1898: 'The constitutional lion in the path'
2. The Constitution and the new US expansion: debating the status of the Islands
3. 'We are naturally Americans': Federico Degetau and Santiago Iglesias pursue citizenship
4. 'American aliens': Isabel Gonzalez, Domingo Collazo, Federico Degetau, and the Supreme Court, 1902–1905
5. Reconstructing Puerto Rico, 1904–1909
6. The Jones Act and the long path to collective naturalization
Conclusion.

More information here

15 July 2018

BOOK: Juan Pablo SCARFI, The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017). ISBN 9780190622343, $90.00


(Source: OUP)

Last year, Oxford University Press published a book on the history of international law in the Americas and its use for legitimising US hegemony in Latin America.

ABOUT THE BOOK

International law has played a crucial role in the construction of imperial projects. Yet within the growing field of studies about the history of international law and empire, scholars have seldom considered this complicit relationship in the Americas. The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas offers the first exploration of the deployment of international law for the legitimization of U.S. ascendancy as an informal empire in Latin America. This book explores the intellectual history of a distinctive idea of American international law in the Americas, focusing principally on the evolution of the American Institute of International Law (AIIL). This organization was created by U.S. and Chilean jurists James Brown Scott and Alejandro Alvarez in Washington D.C. for the construction, development, and codification of international law across the Americas. Juan Pablo Scarfi examines the debates sparked by the AIIL over American international law, intervention and non-intervention, Pan-Americanism, the codification of public and private international law and the nature and scope of the Monroe Doctrine, as well as the international legal thought of Scott, Alvarez, and a number of jurists, diplomats, politicians, and intellectuals from the Americas. Professor Scarfi argues that American international law, as advanced primarily by the AIIL, was driven by a U.S.-led imperial aspiration of civilizing Latin America through the promotion of the international rule of law. By providing a convincing critical account of the legal and historical foundations of the Inter-American System, this book will stimulate debate among international lawyers, IR scholars, political scientists, and intellectual historians.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Juan Pablo Scarfi is a Research Associate at the Argentine National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), and teaches international relations and international law at the School of Politics and Government at the National University of San Martín, Argentina. He completed his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 2014. He was a Visiting Scholar at University College London (Institute of the Americas) and Columbia University, as well as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Intellectual History in the National University of Quilmes. He is the author of El imperio de la ley: James Brown Scott y la construcción de un orden jurídico interamericano (2014) and co-editor of Cooperation and Hegemony in US-Latin American Relations: Revisiting the Western Hemisphere Idea (2016).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Hemispheric Legal Networks and Languages in the Americas
Abbreviations
Chapter 1: Towards a Pan-American Legal Order: The Rise of US Hemispheric Hegemony and Elihu Root's Visit to South America
Chapter 2: Forging and Consolidating a Hemispheric Legal Network: The Creation of the American Institute of International Law and the Encounter between Scott and Alvarez
Chapter 3: The Pan-American Redefinition of the Monroe Doctrine and the Emerging Language of American International Law
Chapter 4: International Organisation and Hegemony: The Codification of American International Law and the Tensions between Scott and Alvarez
Chapter 5: The Debate over Intervention at Havana and the Crisis of the American Institute of International Law: Scott´s Displacement of Alvarez
Chapter 6: From Pan-Americanism to Multilateral Inter-Americanism: The Impact of the Anti-War Treaty, the Principle of Non-intervention and Sovereign Equality at Montevideo and the Dissolution of the American Institute of International Law
Conclusion: From US Hemispheric to Global Hegemony: Assessing the Legacy of American International Law and the American Institute of International Law in the Americas
Appendix A: Constitution of the American Institute of International Law (1913)
Appendix B: American Institute of International Law, "Declaration of Rights and Duties of Nations" (1915)
Appendix C: Platt Amendment (1901)
Bibliography
Index

More information here
(source: ESILHIL blog)

14 July 2018

BOOK: Thomas GRISSO and Stanley L. BRODSKY, Eds., The Roots of Modern Psychology and Law : A Narrative History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780190688707, $35.00



Oxford University Press has just published a book on the history of the interactions between the legal field and the field of psychology.  

ABOUT THE BOOK

Psychology's formal interaction with law began early in the twentieth century, though little in the way of substantive scholarly and professional development occurred until several decades later. The emergence of psychology and law as a modern field of scholarship was marked by the founding of the American Psychology-Law Society (AP-LS) in 1969, now approaching its 50th anniversary. The scientific foundation upon which the modern field now rests was established by a small group of psychological researchers, legal scholars, and clinicians.

The Roots of Modern Psychology and Law: A Narrative History reveals how the field developed during the first decade following the founding of the American Psychology-Law Society. The contributors to this edited volume, widely considered to be among the "founders" of the field, were responsible for establishing and nurturing many of the subfields and topics in psychology and law or forensic psychology that flourished across the next fifty years. In each chapter, these leaders explain in narrative form how and why the field and the Society developed in its early years through the recounting of key professional events in their careers during the 1970s. In some cases this was their first major research study using psychology applied to legal issues. In others it was their development of seminal ideas or organizational innovations that had a later impact on the field's development. The volume chronicles how an emerging AP-LS and field of psychology and law were shaped by these psychologists, and how their own initial work was, in turn, shaped by the organization.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Thomas Grisso, Ph.D, is Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry (Clinical Psychology) at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. He was president of the American Psychology-Law Society in 1990 and Executive Director of the American Board of Forensic Psychology. He has received outstanding achievement awards from both organizations as well as the American Psychological Association.

Stanley L. Brodsky, Ph.D, is Professor Emeritus and Scholar-in-Residence at The University of Alabama, where has was a faculty member from 1972-2016. He was a founding member of the American Psychology-Law Society and has received awards for Outstanding Achievement from the American-Psychology-Law Society and the American Association of Correctional Psychologists.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of Contents
Contributor List
Editors' Prologue
Stanley L. Brodsky and Thomas Grisso
Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology and Law
Thomas Grisso
Section I: Psychological Science and Law
Chapter 2: Eyewitness Testimony: An Eyewitness Report
Elizabeth F. Loftus
Chapter 3: Applying Social Psychology to Law and the Legal Process
Michael J. Saks
Chapter 4: Jury Research
Shari Seidman Diamond
Chapter 5: Mental Health Law and the Seeds of Therapeutic Jurisprudence
David B. Wexler
Chapter 6: Mental Disability, Criminal Responsibility, and Civil Commitment
Stephen J. Morse
Chapter 7: Framing, Institutionalizing, and Nurturing Research in Psychology and Law
Bruce D. Sales
Section II: Assessment, Interventions, and Practice in Legal Contexts
Chapter 8: Forensic Mental Health Services and Competence to Stand Trial
Ronald Roesch
Chapter 9: Predictions of Violence
John Monahan
Chapter 10: Juveniles' Psycholegal Capacities
Thomas Grisso
Chapter 11: Correctional Psychology
Stanley L. Brodsky
Chapter 12: The Founding and Early Years of the American Board of Forensic Psychology
Florence W. Kaslow
Chapter 13: Community Psychology, Public Policy, and Children
N. Dickon Reppucci
Epilogue: Psychology and Law at AP-LS' Fiftieth Anniversary
Thomas Grisso and Stanley L. Brodsky
Index of Names

More information here

13 July 2018

JOURNAL: Precedente. Revista Juridica XIII (2018): Historia del Derecho en América Latina II (eds. Andrés BOTERO BERNAL & Mario Alberto CAJAS SARRIA)

(image source: Precedente)

Presentación: Historia del Derecho en América Latina II (Andres Botero Bernal, Mario Cajas Sarria)

Articles:
El Invite Ilustrado. Real lotería y proyectos de poder en el siglo XVIII (Carlos Petit)
Economía, moral y derecho en la Europa cristiana: Justo precio, usura y capitalismo mercantil (siglos XII-XVIII) (Marcela Castro Ruiz)
La evolución histórica del control de constitucionalidad en Bolivia y su proyección hacia un modelo plural  (Alan E. Vargas Lima)
Orígenes del Consejo de Estado (Armando Martínez Garnica)
Derecho de la persona transexual en Brasil (Patrícia de Silva Morais)
Las críticas al derecho romano en Cuba durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX. A Propósito de la modernización de la enseñanza y la ciencia jurídica (Fabricio Mulet Martínez)

Nova et vetera:
Crédito público, derecho mercantil y arte del grabado (Andrés Botero Bernal)
El crimen de herejía y su represión inquisitorial (Elisa Álvarez Díaz)
On the journal:
Precedente se propone contribuir a la construcción del debate jurídico, en este sentido, el público al que se dirige está compuesto por estudiantes, profesores e investigadores nacionales y extranjeros pertenecientes a las diferentes ramas del derecho, pero además por profesionales interesados en contar con una actualización permanente en los análisis e investigaciones contemporáneas en el campo jurídico. Precedente tiene claro que siempre habrá un público por conquistar, de manera que concentra importantes esfuerzos en las estrategias de difusión de la publicación en su soporte material y electrónico.


More information here.

CONFERENCE: Après la Guerre (Poitiers: Institut d'histoire du droit/Université de Poitiers, 7 SEP 2018); REGISTRATION BY 31 AUG 2018




PROGRAMME 

Matin
09h00 : Accueil des participantsAllocutions de MM. Didier VEILLON, Doyen de la Faculté de Droit et des Sciences sociales et éric GOJOSSO, Directeur de l’Institut d’Histoire du Droit (IHD-EA 3320)Présidence de M. le Doyen éric GOJOSSO, Professeur à l’Université de Poitiers
09h30 : La réorganisation du protestantisme français après les guerres de religion (1598-1629)
Laurent Bouchard, Maître de conférences à l’Université de Poitiers09h55 : « Autant en emporte le Sud » : La reconstruction constitutionnelle des états-Unis au sortir de la guerre de Sécession
Thérence Carvalho, Maître de conférences à l’Université Jean Moulin Lyon III
10h20 : Discussion et pause
10h50 : La levée de l’état de siège à l’issue des conflits armés en France (XIXe-XXe siècle)Sébastien Le Gal, Professeur à l’Université Grenoble Alpes11h15 : Le délicat retour à la vie civile des poilus : la loi du 22 avril 1918 ayant pour objet de garantir aux mobilisés la reprise de leur contrat de travailDidier Veillon, Professeur à l’Université de Poitiers, Doyen de la Faculté de Droit et des Sciences sociales
11h40 : Discussion
12h15 : Déjeuner
après-midi
Présidence de M. le Doyen Didier veillon, Professeur à l’Université de Poitiers
14h15 : La « reconstruction » du droit public européen après la Grande Guerre : institutionnalisme et anti-formalisme en ItaliePaolo Alvazzi del Frate, Professeur à l’Université Rome III14h40 : Le destin d’une institution après la guerre au XXe siècle : la Chambre des Avocats de Slovénie après la Première et la Seconde Guerre mondialeKatja Skrubej, Professeur à l’Université de Ljubljana15h05 : La guerre franco-thaïlandaise de 1941 et la reconnaissance du protectorat de Luang-Prabang
Eric Gojosso, Professeur à l’Université de Poitiers, Doyen honoraire
15h30 : Discussion et pause
16h00 : La persistance des codes fascistes à l’avènement de la République italienneElio Tavilla, Professeur à l’Université de Modène et Reggio Emilia16h25 : Le système judiciaire en Slovénie après la Seconde Guerre mondialeJanez Kranjc, Professeur émérite de l’Université de Ljubljana, Doyen honoraire
16h50 : Discussion17h30 : Fin du colloque

Practical information
Free registration with Karine BOUHIER (Karine.Bouhier@univ-poitiers.fr or +33 5 49 45 47 70)
43 Place Charles de Gaulle
Building E9TSA 81100
86073 Poitiers Cedex 09

(source: ESILHIL)


BOOK: James E. BALDWIN, Islamic Law and Empire in Ottoman Cairo (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781474432139, $29.95



Oxford University Press has just published the paperback edition of a book on Islamic law in Ottoman Cairo.

ABOUT THE BOOK

What did Islamic law mean in the early modern period, a world of great Muslim empires? Often portrayed as the quintessential jurists' law, to a large extent it was developed by scholars outside the purview of the state. However, for the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire, justice was the ultimate duty of the monarch, and Islamic law was a tool of legitimation and governance. James E. Baldwin examines how the interplay of these two conceptions of Islamic law - religious scholarship and royal justice - undergirded legal practice in Cairo, the largest and richest city in the Ottoman provinces. Through detailed studies of the various formal and informal dispute resolution institutions and practices that formed the fabric of law in Ottoman Cairo, his book contributes to key questions concerning the relationship between the shari'a and political power, the plurality of Islamic legal practice, and the nature of centre-periphery relations in the Ottoman Empire.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

James E. Baldwin is Lecturer in Empires of the Early Modern Muslim World at Royal Holloway, University of London.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abbreviations
Abbreviations
Note on transliteration and dates
Introduction
1. A Brief Portrait of Cairo under Ottoman Rule
2. Cairo's Legal System: Institutions and Actors
3. Royal Justice: The Divan-i Hümayun and the Diwan al-Ali
4. Government Authority, the Interpretation of Fiqh, and the Production of Applied Law
5. The Privatization of Justice: Dispute Resolution as a Domain of Political Competition
6. A Culture of Disputing: How Did Cairenes Use the Legal System?
Conclusion: Ottoman Cairo's legal system and grand narratives
Appendix: Examples of Documents Used in this Study
Notes
Map: Cairo in the Eighteenth Century
Glossary
Sources and Works Cited
Index

More information here

12 July 2018

BOOK: Neil NETANEL, From Maimonides to Microsoft : The Jewish Law of Copyright since the Birth of Print (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780190868772, $29.95


(Source: OUP)

Oxford University Press has just published the paperback edition of a book on the history of Jewish copyright law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Jewish copyright law is a rich body of jurisprudence that developed in parallel with modern copyright laws and the book privileges that preceded them. Jewish copyright law owes its origins to a reprinting ban that the Rome rabbinic court issued for three books of Hebrew grammar in 1518. It continues to be applied today, notably in a rabbinic ruling outlawing pirated software, issued at Microsoft's request.

In From Maimonides to Microsoft, Professor Netanel traces the historical development of Jewish copyright law by comparing rabbinic reprinting bans with secular and papal book privileges and by relaying the stories of dramatic disputes among publishers of books of Jewish learning and liturgy. He describes each dispute in its historical context and examines the rabbinic rulings that sought to resolve it. Remarkably, the rabbinic reprinting bans and copyright rulings address some of the same issues that animate copyright jurisprudence today: Is copyright a property right or just a right to receive fair compensation? How long should copyrights last? What purposes does copyright serve? While Jewish copyright law has borrowed from its secular law counterpart at key junctures, it fashions strikingly different answers to those key questions.

The story of Jewish copyright law also intertwines with the history of the Jewish book trade and with steadfast efforts of rabbinic leaders to maintain their authority to regulate that trade in the face of the dramatic erosion of Jewish communal autonomy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This book will thus be of considerable interest to students of Jewish law and history, as well as copyright scholars and practitioners.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Neil Weinstock Netanel is the Pete Kameron Professor of Law at the University of California at Los Angeles School of Law where he writes and teaches in the areas of copyright, international intellectual property, and media and telecommunications. Prior to joining UCLA, Netanel served for a decade on the faculty of the University of Texas at Austin School of Law, where he was the Arnold, White & Durkee Centennial Professor of Law. He has also taught at the law schools of Harvard University, Haifa University, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv University, the University of Toronto, and New York University. He authored Copyright's Paradox (Oxford, 2008; Paperback, 2010); and he edited The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries (Oxford, 2008).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Note on Transliteration, Translation, Acronyms, Word Choice, and Dates
1. Introduction: Microsoft in Bnei Brak
2. From Privileges and Printers' Guilds to Copyright
3. Rabbinic Reprinting Bans: Between Ktav Dat and Privilege
4. Maharam of Padua versus Giustiniani: Rival Editions of Maimonides's Mishneh Torah
5. Rabbinic Reprinting Bans Take Hold
6. From a Yiddish Bible to a German Prayer Book
7. Internecine Battles and the Slavuta Talmud
8. Moving Beyond Reprinting Bans: From Property to the Law of the Sovereign
9 The Present-Day Debate: Is Copyright Infringement "Stealing"?
Bibliography
Glossary and Biographies
Names Index
Subject Index

More information here

BOOK: Jean-Claude FARCY, Archives Judiciaires et Généalogie (Paris: LGDJ, 2018). ISBN 978-2-35077-326-1, €12.00


(Source: LGDJ)

LGDJ has just published a book on the usage of court archives for genealogy.

ABOUT THE BOOK

On peut hésiter, en faisant l'histoire de sa famille, à fouiller dans les archives des tribunaux. Ne risque-t-on pas de retrouver un ancêtre jugé pour vol ou homicide, condamné à la prison, déporté à Cayenne, voire guillotiné, illustrant de fâcheuse manière une branche morte de l'arbre généalogique? Au-delà de cette réticence, rentrer dans les papiers du monde de la chicane, c'est aussi craindre de s'égarer dans le maquis des procédures et d'actes aux noms peu compréhensibles.

Ce livre a pour objet de vaincre ces appréhensions en présentant les documents utiles à la connaissance de l'état civil et de la vie des personnes qui ont fréquenté les tribunaux: leur personnel bien sûr, mais surtout les justiciables, nombreux à faire valoir leurs droits devant les tribunaux civils. Une partie des fonds de la justice porte d'ailleurs directement sur l'état des personnes (état civil, nationalité) et la famille dont la justice protège les membres les plus faibles (mineurs n'ayant pas la capacité juridique, par exemple).

Au-delà de l'éclairage donné aux rapports familiaux, l'intérêt majeur des archives judiciaires est de faire revivre, dans le règlement des différends civils comme dans les instructions criminelles, la vie quotidienne des hommes des siècles passés, dans leurs relations sociales inhérentes à leur famille, à leur travail et à leur cadre de vie, village rural ou quartier de grande ville. Pour une telle découverte, pas besoin d'être juriste. À condition de connaître les lieux où ont vécu les ancêtres, on peut tenter de retrouver leur trace tant dans les archives d'une cour d'assises - comme témoins, victimes et pas seulement accusés ! - que dans celles d'une justice de paix, d'un tribunal de première instance ou d'un conseil de guerre.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jean-Claude Farcy est chercheur associé au Centre Georges Chevrier (Université de Bourgogne). Il a écrit de nombreux articles sur les sources judiciaires et le fonctionnement de la justice. Il est l'auteur de L'histoire de la justice française de la Révolution à nos jours. Trois décennies de recherches (PUF, 2001). Il est aussi à l'origine de la base de données nominatives Annuaire rétrospectif de la magistrature, XIXe-XXe siècles, sur le personnel judiciaire.

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BOOK: Karen FIORENTINO & Allison FIORENTINO (dir.), Mater semper certa est ? Passé, présent, avenir d'un adage [Collection droit, bioéthique et société, vol. 18] (Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2018), 264 p. ISBN 9782802760399, € 80

(image source: Bruylant/Larcier)

Book abstract:
La preuve de la filiation maternelle, résumée par l’un des adages les plus connus en droit de la famille, Mater semper certa est, a pendant longtemps semblé être une évidence voulue par la nature, donc ne posant que peu de problème juridique, à l’inverse de la paternité. Pourtant, l’évidence a-t-elle toujours été aussi flagrante ? Pourquoi ressentir le besoin de forger un adage ? Quelle fut sa valeur et a-t-il toujours parfaitement reflété la réalité ? Force est de constater que si la maternité est certaine, la preuve de celle-ci se heurte à plusieurs difficultés tant matérielles que processuelles. Il s’agit donc ici de s’interroger sur la place accordée en droit à l’accouchement, aux liens juridiques qu’il a établis entre la mère et son enfant, aux preuves permettant de réclamer sa filiation maternelle et réévaluer ces questionnements à l’aune des avancées scientifiques actuelles. Une bonne compréhension des retombées de celles-ci passe par une analyse de l’adage sur plusieurs siècles, de son apparition dans le droit romain à son application aujourd’hui, en passant par les périodes de l’ancien droit et du droit napoléonien, socles des dispositions actuelles, mais aussi par une perspective comparatiste. En effet, sur un tel sujet, il est indispensable d’envisager non seulement le droit applicable dans d’autres États, mais aussi les éventuels conflits de loi. Le problème de la preuve pose in fine celui de l’identité de la mère et donc de la filiation de l’enfant, enjeu majeur à l’heure où le droit pour tout individu de connaître ses origines se voit accorder une place croissante dans le paysage des droits subjectifs.
On the editors:
Karen Fiorentino : Professeur des Universités, chargée de cours à Sciences Po campus de Dijon Allison Fiorentino : Maître de conférences HDR, droit privé

Contributors:
L'ouvrage rassemble les contributions de : Agathe Baroin, Annick Batteur, Lucille Boisseau-Sowinski, Mélina Douchy-Oudot, Aurélia Fautre-Robin, Allison Fiorentino, Karen Fiorentino, Élodie Hartmann, Virginie, Lemonnier-Lesage, Aude Mirkovic, Sophie Monnier, Claire Neirinck et Sandrine Tisseyre.

Table of contents here.
(source: Hi-D)

BOOK: Claire DOLAN (dir.), Les pratiques politiques dans les villes françaises d’Ancien Régime. Communauté, citoyenneté et localité (Rennes: PURennes, 2018), 236 p. ISBN 9782753574755, €28

(image source: PURennes)

Book abstract:
Même sous la monarchie absolue, les urbains utilisaient leur droit de parole pour contribuer à la vie politique. La citoyenneté d’avant la Révolution était un phénomène local, urbain, qui a très peu à voir avec la démocratie, même si les décisions collectives faisaient partie du système citadin. Cet ouvrage observe les pratiques politiques d’Ancien Régime dans trois villes (Marseille, Toulouse et Paris) en s’interrogeant sur comment les citadins conjuguaient la participation politique et l’organisation en communautés qui structurait une bonne partie de leurs activités.
On the editor:
Claire Dolan est professeur associé à l’université Laval (Québec). Ses trois plus récents ouvrages sont Le Notaire, la famille et la ville : Aix en Provence à la fin du XVIe siècle (Presses universitaires du Mirail, 1998) ; Les Procureurs du Midi sous l’Ancien Régime (Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2012) ; Délibérer à Toulouse au XVIIIe siècle. Les procureurs au parlement (Éditions du CTHS, 2013).
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11 July 2018

CONFERENCE REPORT: The Parisian peace treaties (1919-1920) and the emergence of modern international law (JHIL/Tilburg University, 17 May 2018) (by Prof. dr. Miloš Vec/Univ. Vienna-IMW)


Prof. dr. Miloš Vec (Univ. Vienna/IMW) published a conference report on the JHIL symposium "The Parisian Peace Treaties (1919-1920) and the emergence of modern international law (see earlier on this blog). The text appeared in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, nr. 152 (4 July 2018), p. 3 and can be read here above, by clicking on the image.

(source: ESILHIL blog)

CONFERENCE: Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858): diplomate, magistrat et législateur (Paris: Cour de Cassation/Conseil d'Etat, 13-14 DEC 2018) (provisional programme)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)


JOSEPH-MARIE PORTALIS (1778-1858) :
diplomate, magistrat et législateur

13  décembre, Cour de cassation


9h15 / Accueil des participants

9h30 / Propos introductifs
Nicolas Laurent-Bonne, professeur à l’Université Clermont Auvergne et Raphaël Cahen, chercheur Marie Curie et professeur invité à la Vrije Universiteit de Bruxelles

9h45 / D’un Portalis à l’autre : la constance d’une lignée
Joël-Benoît d’Onorio, professeur à l’Université Aix-Marseille, directeur de l’Institut Portalis

1.         Portalis haut magistrat, sous la présidence de Monsieur Thierry Lentz, directeur de la Fondation Napoléon

10h30 / Joseph-Marie Portalis, Premier président de la Cour de cassation
Xavier Pretot, conseiller doyen de la deuxième chambre civile de la Cour de cassation

11h15 / Portalis « le jeune » à la Chambre criminelle (1824-1829) : les audaces d’une présidence
Claire Bouglé-Le Roux, maître de conférences à l’Université de Versailles

12h00 / Clôture des travaux de la matinée

2.         Portalis penseur et législateur, sous la présidence de Monsieur le professeur Joël-Benoît d’Onorio, professeur à l’Université Aix-Marseille, directeur de l’Institut Portalis

14h00 / De la nécessité de faire intervenir la religion dans le mariage : une proposition de loi inédite de Joseph-Marie Portalis
Nicolas Laurent-Bonne, professeur à l’Université Clermont Auvergne  

14h45 / Joseph-Marie Portalis, penseur et législateur du « Milliard » des émigrés
Marion Narran, docteur en droit de l’Université de Montpellier

15h30 / Jospeh-Marie Portalis, législateur et théoricien de la science des lois Sylvain Bloquet, maître de conférences à l’Université Paris Descartes

16h15 / Analyse de l’œuvre de Portalis sur le Code civil de Sardaigne Olivier Descamps, professeur à l’Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas

17h00 / « Les limites des deux mondes » : Portalis et l'historien François Jankowiak, professeur à l’Université Paris-Sud

17 h45 / Clôture des travaux de la première journée

14  décembre, Conseil d’État


9h15 / Accueil des participants

9h30 / 5 janvier 1811 : la destitution de Portalis par Napoléon Ier  Thierry Lentz, directeur de la Fondation Napoléon

3.         Portalis diplomate et penseur des relations internationales, sous la présidence de Madame la conseillère Martine de Boisdeffre, présidente de la section du rapport et des études, présidente du Comité d’histoire du Conseil d’État et de la juridiction administrative

10h15 / Joseph-Marie Portalis, penseur et acteur de la diplomatie napoléonienne Raphaël Cahen, chercheur à la Vrije Universiteit de Bruxelles

11h / Reconstruire le centre par la périphérie : la diplomatie française et la guerre russoottomane de 1828-1829
Gabriel Leanca, professeur à l’Université Al. I. Cuza, Iaşi

11h45 / Portalis le jeune et le droit des gens : le retour de la morale dans le XIXe siècle positiviste ?  
Frederik Dhondt, professeur à la Vrije Universiteit de Bruxelles

12h30 / Clôture des travaux de la matinée 

4.         Portalis et les cultes, sous la présidence de Monsieur le professeur Franck Roumy, professeur à l’Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas

14h00 / Portalis et le concordat de 1817
Brigitte Basdevant-Gaudemet, professeur émérite de l’Université Paris-Sud

15h / Portalis et sa mission à Rome pour les affaires concordataires (1817-1819)
Audrey Virot, maître de conférences contractuelle à l’Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas

15h45 / Les discours de Portalis en matière religieuse à la Chambre des Pairs
Cyrille Dounot, professeur à l’Université Clermont Auvergne

16h30 / Pause

5.         Portalis et l’œuvre du père, sous la présidence de Monsieur le professeur Pierre Allorant, professeur à l’Université d’Orléans

16h45 / Du Code civil au Code noir : retour sur les Portalis et l’esprit du XIXe siècle Jean-François Niort, maître de conférences à l’Université des Antilles

17h 30 / Joseph-Marie Portalis, éditeur des œuvres de son père Catherine Delplanque, Ingénieur d’étude, Université Paris Sud

18h30 / Clôture des travaux


Event co-organised by the Institut d'Histoire du Droit (Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas), the Centre Michel de l'Hospital (Université d'Auvergne) and the Research Group Contextual Research in Law (VUB).

 

Practical information tba.