Search

23 June 2018

PODCAST: Histoire de la justice [La Fabrique de l'Histoire] (France Culture)

(image source: France Culture)

La Fabrique de l'Histoire, France Culture's flagship academic history podcast, welcomed a series of colleagues to discuss the history of justice.

Themes:

  • Medieval justice
  • Epuration and Vichy
  • When the population demands justice...
  • Social sciences and international criminal justice


More information here.

22 June 2018

BOOK: Martha S. JONES, Birthright Citizens : A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781107150348, £ 79.99



Later this month, Cambridge University Press will publish the E-Book of “Birthright Citizens - A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America”. The paperback/hardback (due August 2018) can be pre-ordered here.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Before the Civil War, colonization schemes and black laws threatened to deport former slaves born in the United States. Birthright Citizens recovers the story of how African American activists remade national belonging through battles in legislatures, conventions, and courthouses. They faced formidable opposition, most notoriously from the US Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott. Still, Martha S. Jones explains, no single case defined their status. Former slaves studied law, secured allies, and conducted themselves like citizens, establishing their status through local, everyday claims. All along they argued that birth guaranteed their rights. With fresh archival sources and an ambitious reframing of constitutional law-making before the Civil War, Jones shows how the Fourteenth Amendment constitutionalized the birthright principle, and black Americans' aspirations were realized. Birthright Citizens tells how African American activists radically transformed the terms of citizenship for all Americans.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Martha S. Jones, The Johns Hopkins University
Martha S. Jones is the Society of Black Alumni Presidential Professor and Professor of History at The Johns Hopkins University. She was formerly a Presidential Bicentennial Professor at the University of Michigan, and was a founding director of the Michigan Law School Program in Race, Law and History. She is the author of All Bound Up Together: The Woman Question in African American Public Culture, 1830-1900 (2007) and co-editor of Toward an Intellectual History of Black Women (2015).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: rights of colored men: debating citizenship in antebellum America
1. Being a native, and free born: race and rights in Baltimore
2. Threats of removal: colonization, emigration, and the borders of belonging
3. Aboard the constitution: black sailors and citizenship at sea
4. The city courthouse: everyday scenes of race and law
5. Between the constitution and the discipline of the church: making congregants citizens
6. By virtue of unjust laws: black laws and the reluctant performance of rights
7. To sue and be sued: courthouse claims and the contours of citizenship
8. Confronting Dred Scott: seeing citizenship from Baltimore city
9. Rehearsals for reconstruction: new citizens in a new era
Epilogue: monuments to men.

More information here

BOOK : Alexandre GUERMAZI, Jeanne-Laure LE QUANG, and Virginie MARTIN, eds., Éxécuter la Loi (1789-1804) (Paris: Éditions de la Sorbonne, 2018). ISBN 9791035100636, €25,00



Éditions de la Sorbonne have just published a book on the execution of laws during the revolutionary period.

ABOUT THE BOOK

« Il ne suffit pas d'avoir des lois, il faut encore veiller à leur exécution […]. Que seraient les meilleures lois si elles n’étaient pas exécutées ? De pures abstractions. » Cette mise en garde du député Vienot-Vaublanc témoigne du problème aussi crucial que récurrent qu’a constitué, tout au long de la période révolutionnaire, l’exécution des lois.

Comment s’assurer que tous les décrets votés par les assemblées ont bel et bien été exécutés alors même que leur « mise en actes » incombe constitutionnellement au pouvoir exécutif ? Comment faire en sorte que ces décrets soient bel et bien respectés « à la lettre » par ceux qui sont chargés de les faire exécuter (les ministres) et de les faire appliquer (les administrateurs locaux), ces agents se permettant trop souvent d’en détourner la « lettre » ou d’en dévoyer l’« esprit » ? Comment, enfin, parvenir à ce que les lois soient comprises et admises des citoyens qui sont tenus de s’y conformer, mais qui ne manquent jamais d’en contester la teneur ?

Si déterminantes qu’elles soient dans le cadre de la construction et de la stabilisation d’un État de droit, ces questions n’ont jusqu’ici fait l’objet d’aucune étude systématique. Cet ouvrage se propose d’esquisser les premières lignes d’une histoire encore trop largement méconnue pour la période révolutionnaire. Réunissant les contributions d’un ensemble de jeunes chercheurs, il interroge les mécanismes complexes de l’exécution de la loi en termes d’échelles, d’acteurs et de pratiques afin de questionner l’efficience du pouvoir exécutif en regard de l’effectivité des lois révolutionnaires.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Alexandre Guermazi est docteur en histoire.Elle est chercheur associé à l'Institut de Recherches Historiques du Septentrion (Lille 3).

Jeanne-Laure Le Quang est ancienne élève de l'ENS de Lyon, doctorante contractuelle et attachée temporaire d’enseignement et de recherche à l’université de Paris 1 (IHMC-IHRF). Elle travaille sur les pratiques de surveillance et de détention politiquede la police napoléonienne.

Virginie Martin est maître de conférences en histoire moderne à l'université de Paris 1 (IHMC-IHRF). Elle poursuit ses recherches sur les acteurs et les pratiques diplomatiques (1770-1820) ainsi que sur les modes de fabrication et d’application de la politique extérieure sous la Révolution.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Remerciements
Liste des abréviations
Préface
Pierre Serna
Introduction. Ce que l'Exécutif fait de la loi et à la loi
Virginie Martin

Première partie. EXÉCUTER LA LOI À L’ÉCHELLE CENTRALE : ENTRE LÉGISLATIF ET EXÉCUTIF

Introduction. Les enjeux de l’exécution de la loi. Pour une théorie communicationnelle de l’administration
Igor Moullier
Appliquer les lois sur les pensions. Le rôle du Comité des pensions de l’Assemblée nationale constituante (1790-1791)
Benoît Carré
Simple négligence ou malveillance contre-révolutionnaire ? La mise en accusation des ministres pour inexécution de la loi sous l’Assemblée législative
Jérémy Maloir
Faire appliquer ou orienter les lois sur la sûreté publique ? Le ministre de la Police face aux départements (1795-1804)
Jeanne-Laure Le Quang
L’impossible exécution de la loi du 30 avril 1793. La mission de Prieur de la Marne et Lecointre dans la Manche (juin 1793)
Suzanne Levin
« Mission légale » ou « mission morale » ? La levée en masse et l’application des décrets des 14, 16 et 23 août 1793
Thibaut Poirot

Deuxième partie. APPLIQUER LA LOI À L’ÉCHELLE LOCALE : LES « INTERMÉDIAIRES » DE L’EXÉCUTION

Introduction
Gaïd Andro
Les administrations de district comme relais de la loi. L’exemple normand
Isabelle Antunes
« Entre la loi et l’opinion ». Exécuter la législation religieuse en temps de troubles dans le département d’Ille-et-Vilaine (1791-1792)
Solenn Mabo
Donner « force à la loi ». Mission et action de la gendarmerie. L’exemple du département du Gard
Catherine Schmidt
Choisir les élèves de l’École de Mars. L’invention de méritocraties locales
Julien Edrom
Principes, méthodes et efficacité de la chasse aux « vampires » du Palais-Royal. Quand la loi tente de cerner les agioteurs (hiver 1795-printemps 1796)
Clément Weiss

Troisième partie. RECEVOIR LA LOI À L’ÉCHELLE CITOYENNE : DIFFUSIONS, APPROPRIATIONS, RÉSISTANCES

Introduction
Serge Aberdam
Des usages à la loi. Les enjeux sociopolitiques de la refonte législative relative à la police de la navigation intérieure (1790-1792)
Éric Szulman
Chacun prêche pour sa paroisse. Les difficultés d’application de la loi sur la circonscription paroissiale à Provins (1790-1792)
Maxime Hermant
Adapter ou inventer les premières lois de salut public ? La Municipalité de Paris et les sections parisiennes face au défi du recrutement des volontaires pour la Vendée (mai 1793)
Alexandre Guermazi
Transformer la loi en lien social. La transmission de la Constitution dans les journaux révolutionnaires (1791-an I)
Francesco Dendena
Visibilités des lois et publications des actes du pouvoir exécutif dans l’espace urbain révolutionnaire
Laurent Cuvelier
Conclusion
Hervé Leuwers

Résumés
Notices bio-bibliographiques des auteurs
Index

More information with the publisher

PAPER on SSRN : Anthony J. GAUGHAN, D-Day, Collateral Damage, and the 1923 Hague Draft Rules of Aerial Warfare


(Source: SSRN)

Anthony J. Gaughan has published a paper on SSRN dealing with the 1923 Hague Draft Rules of Aerial Warfare and D-Day

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the question of whether the adoption of the 1923 Hague Draft Rules of Aerial Warfare as binding international law might have changed the outcome of the D-Day invasion during World War II. The delegates to The Hague conference proposed a severe restriction on the use of air power in urban areas, but the rules were never adopted as international law.

Two decades later, the international community’s failure to adopt the 1923 Hague Draft Rules had a significant impact on the D-Day invasion. On June 6, 1944, the Allies mounted the largest amphibious operation in history as 150,000 troops stormed the Normandy beaches of Nazi-occupied France. The landings succeeded in no small part because of the Allied air forces, which mounted a massive interdiction campaign to prevent the German army from rushing to the French coastline and destroying the Normandy beachhead. Operation Overlord, the code name for the D-Day invasion, marked a major turning point in the war, accelerating the collapse of Nazi Germany, which surrendered 11 months later. As the historian Ian Kershaw has observed, Operation Overlord marked “the beginning of the end for the Third Reich.”

The D-Day air campaign, however, came at a severe cost for French and Belgian civilians. At least 12,000—and possibly more than 25,000—French and Belgian civilians died as unintended casualties of the Allied bombing campaign. Although the Allied air strikes clearly played a critical role in interdicting the German army, it was by no means clear that the vast scale of the bombing was necessary. Whether the interdiction objectives could have been achieved by a more modest—and less destructive—air campaign was an open question at the time and remains so for many historians today.
One of the principal reasons why the Allies implemented a massive area bombing campaign against French and Belgian rail centers was because international law did not provide clear guidance regarding air warfare. But it might have had the 1923 Hague Draft Rules of Aerial Warfare been adopted as binding international law. The Draft Rules prohibited area bombing in urban areas, which is precisely what the Allies engaged in during the D-Day air campaign. Had the Rules been in effect in 1944, the Allied air campaign in support of the D-Day operation may well have been much more modest in nature. But would the reduction in collateral damage have come at the cost of jeopardizing the invasion’s success? The story of The Hague Draft Rules and the controversy over the D-Day air campaign demonstrates the unique challenges and inherent complexity of the effort to use international law to protect civilian populations during wartime.

The paper can be found here

CALL FOR PROPOSALS: Journée d’études d’histoire du droit et des institutions (Dijon, 14 November 2018) (DEADLINE : 15 September 2018)


(Source: Hi-D)

Via Hi-D, we have the following call for proposals from the Société pour l’Histoire du Droit et des Institutions des Anciens Pays Bourguignons, Comtois et Romand.

La Société pour l’Histoire du Droit et des Institutions des Anciens Pays Bourguignons, Comtois et Romands lance un appel à contribution destiné en particulier aux jeunes chercheurs.

Aucun thème n’est imposé. Les travaux porteront essentiellement sur l’histoire du droit et des institutions de l’Est et du Nord de la France, de la Suisse, et audelà. Mais les chercheurs et particulièrement les jeunes chercheurs, pourront présenter leurs travaux quel qu’en soit le thème. Les communications ont vocation à être publiées dans les Mémoires de la Société, après évaluation par le Comité de lecture de la revue.

Les propositions peuvent être envoyées dès à présent et jusqu’au 15 septembre : shdb@u-bourgogne.fr

More information here  

(Source : Hi-D)

CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS: Hughes-Gossett Award for the best student paper on some aspect of the Supreme Court's history (DEADLINE: rolling basis)



Via H-Law, we have the following call for submissions:

The Supreme Court Historical Society invites submissions for the Hughes-Gossett Award for the best student paper on some aspect of the Supreme Court's history. Authors must have been enrolled as students at the time the paper was written. Past winners have been law school students or doctoral students in the departments of history, government, and political science. Papers may be of any length and may be submitted on an ongoing basis to Clare Cushman, Managing Editor, at ccushman@supremecourthistroy.org

The winner will be awarded a $500 cash prize and the paper will be published in the Journal of Supreme Court History. The recipient will be awarded the prize at a ceremony in the Supreme Court Courtroom on the first Monday in June.

Past winners of the Hughes-Gossett Student Prize:
James B. Barnes,“The Font of Federal Power: Wickard v. Filburn and the Aggregation Principle”
Evan C. Rothera, “The Tenacious ‘Twin Relic’: Republicans, Polygamy and the Late Corporation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints v. United States”
Daniel J. Wisniewski, "Heating Up a Case Gone Cold: Revisiting the Charges of Bribery and Official Misconduct Made Against Supreme Court Justice Robert Cooper Grier in 1854-55."
Jesse Blair “The Silent Man: From Lochner to Hammer v. Dagenhart, A Reevaluation of Justice William R. Day”
Jessie Steffan “Doing Brandies Justice: The Development of the Liebman Dissent”.
Daniel J. Wisniewski “Heating Up a Case Gone Cold: Revisiting the Charges of Bribery and Official Misconduct Made Against Supreme Court Justice Robert Cooper Grier in 1854-55”
Chris Hickman, "Courting the Right: Richard Nixon's 1968 Campaign against the Warren Court"
Daniel Thomas, "The Passenger Cases Reconsidered in Transatlantic Commerce Clause History"
Connor Mullin, "Edward Bennett Williams for the Petitioner: Profile of a Supreme Court Advocate"
Galen Thorp, "William Wirt"
Constance L. Martin, "The Life and Career of Justice Robert H. Jackson"
Kurt Hohenstein, "Just What the Doctor Ordered: the Harrison Anti-Narcotic Act, the Supreme Court, and the Federal Regulation of Medical Practice, 1915-1919"
Jeffrey M. Anderson, "Conscience on the Court, 1931-1946: Religion as Duty and Choice"
Artemus Ward, "The Tenth Justice: The Retirement of William O. Douglas"
Patricia L. Franz, "Ohio v. The Bank: An Historical Examination of Osborn v. The Bank of the United States"
Kevin M. Kruse, "Public Wrongs, Personal Rights: The Gaines Decision and the Beginning of the End of Segregation"
Joseph Mosnier, "The Demise of 'An extraordinary Criminal Procedure': Klopfer v. North Carolina and the Incorporation of the Sixth Amendment's Speedy Trial Provision"
I. Scott Messinger, "Legitimating Liberalism: the New Deal Image-Makers and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr."
Jeannie Rhee, "In Black and White: Chinese in the Mississippi Delta"
Helen J. Knowles, "May It Please the Court?: The Solicitor General's Not So 'Special' Relationship--Archibald Cox and the 1963-1964 Reapportionment Cases"
Daniel W. Hamilton, "A New Right to Property: Civil War Confiscation in the Reconstruction Supreme Court"

(Source: H-Law)

BOOK: Stephan DUSIL, Wissensordnungen des Rechts im Wandel - Päpstlicher Jurisdiktionsprimat und Zölibat zwischen 1000 und 1215 [Mediavalia Lovaniensia] (Leuven: Leuven University Press , 2018). ISBN 9789462701335, € 95,00



Leuven University Press has published a new book on canon law between 1000-1215

ABOUT THE BOOK

Fascinating insights into the origins of canon law as an academic discipline and legal knowledge in the High Middle Ages

Die Studie untersucht die Ordnung des mittelalterlichen Rechtswissens in vorgratianischen Sammlungen, dem Decretum Gratiani sowie den Glossen und Summen zum Dekret. Im Mittelpunkt steht also das kirchenrechtliche Wissen, das sich zwischen 1000 und 1215 grundlegend änderte: Während kirchliche Rechtsregeln um 1000 in Kanonessammlungen linear gespeichert waren, wurden sie im 12. Jahrhundert zu komplexem Rechtswissen miteinander verknüpft. Auf Basis einer umfassenden Auswertung der handschriftlichen Überlieferung wird der Wandel des Rechtswissens anhand des päpstlichen Jurisdiktionsprimats und des Zölibats analysiert. Zudem zeigt die Untersuchung den Einfluss der artes liberales und der Rhetorik bei der Ordnung kirchlicher Normen. Die Studie gibt so einen faszinierenden Einblick in die Entstehung der Kanonistik und zeigt zugleich die Vielfältigkeit und Vielschichtigkeit des juristischen Wissens im Hochmittelalter.

Between 1000 and 1215, the knowledge of canon law changed fundamentally. Although ecclesiastic rules of law had been linearly collected by 1000, they had evolved into complex, highly interlinked carriers of knowledge by 1215. By carefully examining manuscript transmission, this book elucidates the evolution of legal knowledge, taking papal jurisdictional primacy and clerical celibacy as an illustrative example. Furthermore, it shows the influence the artes liberales and rhetoric had on the organisation of canon law. This study thus offers fascinating insights into the origins of canon law as an academic discipline, thereby also demonstrating the diversity and multi-layeredness of legal knowledge in the High Middle Ages.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Stephan Dusil is professor of the Faculty of Law at KU Leuven

More information with the publisher

21 June 2018

BOOK: Debjani BHATTAACHARYY, Empire and Ecology in the Bengal Delta : The Making of Calcutta [Studies in Environment and History] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108425742,£ 75.00



Cambridge University Press has published a new book which deals with aspects of colonial law and ecological change in the Bengal Delta.

ABOUT THE BOOK

What happens when a distant colonial power tries to tame an unfamiliar terrain in the world's largest tidal delta? This history of dramatic ecological changes in the Bengal Delta from 1760 to 1920 involves land, water and humans, tracing the stories and struggles that link them together. Pushing beyond narratives of environmental decline, Bhattacharyya argues that 'property-thinking', a governing tool critical in making land and water discrete categories of bureaucratic and legal management, was at the heart of colonial urbanization and the technologies behind the draining of Calcutta. The story of ecological change is narrated alongside emergent practices of land speculation and transformation in colonial law. Bhattacharyya demonstrates how this history continues to shape our built environments with devastating consequences, as shown in the Bay of Bengal's receding coastline.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Debjani Bhattacharyya, Drexel University, Philadelphia
Debjani Bhattacharyya is Assistant Professor of History at Drexel University, Philadelphia. She was a Junior Fellow of the American Institute of India Studies, and a former Research Fellow at the International Institute of Asian Studies, Leiden.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction. Almanac of a tidal basin
Part I. Environmental Consolidations:
1. Power and silt
2. Drying a delta
Part II. Legal Maneuvers:
3. Notarizing possessions
4. Commerce in land
Part III. Un-real Estate:
5. Speculative properties
Conclusion: disappearing coastlines.

More information with the publisher

BOOK: Douglas CLARK, Justice by Gunboat : Warlords and Lawlords: The Making of Modern China and Japan (Hong Kong: Earnshaw Books, 2018). ISBN 9789888422746, € 23,06.


(Source: Amazon.co.uk)

Earnshaw Books has published a book on 19th century gunboat diplomacy and extraterritoriality in China, Japan and Korea.

ABOUT THE BOOK

War, riots, rebellion, sedition, corruption, assassinations, murder, infidelity, and even a failed hanging were just some of the many challenges faced by the British and American courts that operated in China, Japan, and Korea for close to 100 years. Established in the mid-19th Century under treaties signed when foreign gunboats forced all three countries to open to the outside world, the foreign courts had the sole right to try their own nationals to the exclusion of local courts. This book unveils the history of this system of extraterritoriality. Based on original research through archives and hundreds of trial transcripts, Justice by Gunboat tells not only the story of the courts and how China and Japan reacted to them but also of the fascinating lives of the judges, lawyers and parties before the courts.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Douglas Clark is a lawyer currently practicing in Hong Kong. Originally from Australia, Doug studied Japanese at Nagata Senior High School in Kobe, Japan and Chinese and Chinese law at Fudan University in Shanghai. Armed with double degree in Asian Studies and Law from the Australian National University he commenced practice as a lawyer in Hong Kong in the mid-1990s. Doug is the author of the Gunboat Justice trilogy, Patent Litigation in China, and co-author of Civil Litigation in Hong Kong. He is also the associate producer of the art house movie, I Really Hate My Job.

More information here

BOOK: Simon BEHRMAN, Law and Asylum : Space, Subject, Resistance [Law and Migration ] (London: Routledge, 2018). ISBN 9781138304178, £92.00.


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge has published a book which deals with aspects of the history of refugee and asylum law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In contrast to the claim that refugee law has been a key in guaranteeing a space of protection for refugees, this book argues that law has been instrumental in eliminating spaces of protection, not just from one’s persecutors but also from the grasp of sovereign power. By uncovering certain fundamental aspects of asylum as practised in the past and in present day social movements, namely its concern with defining space rather than people and its role as a space of resistance or otherness to sovereign law, this book demonstrates that asylum has historically been antagonistic to law and vice versa. In contrast, twentieth-century refugee law was constructed precisely to ensure the effective management and control over the movements of forced migrants. To illustrate the complex ways in which these two paradigms – asylum and refugee law – interact with one another, this book examines their historical development and concludes with in-depth studies of the Sanctuary Movement in the United States and the Sans-Papiers of France.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Simon Behrman is lecturer in law at Royal Holloway, University of London.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Part I – The Space of Asylum
Chapter One: The Rise and Fall of Asylum in Antiquity
Chapter Two: Sanctuary in England
Part II – The Creation of the Refugee Subject
Chapter Three: The Nation-State Origins of Refugee Law
Chapter Four: The Evolution and Impact of International Refugee Law
Part III – Resistance: Grassroots Asylum
Chapter Five: The US Sanctuary Movement
Chapter Six: The Sans-Papiers
Conclusion

More information with the publisher

20 June 2018

ADVANCE ARTICLES: Leiden Journal of International Law, June 2018

(image source: Cambridge Core)

The Leiden Journal of International Law published advance articles with a historical subject.

Empire, Racial Capitalism and International Law: The Case of Manumitted Haiti and the Recognition Debt (Liliana Obregón)

Abstract:
Before 1492, European feudal practices racialized subjects in order to dispossess, enslave and colonize them. Enslavement of different peoples was a centuries old custom authorized by the law of nations and fundamental to the economies of empire. Manumission, though exceptional, helped to sustain slavery because it created an expectation of freedom, despite the fact that the freed received punitive consequences. In the sixteenth century, as European empires searched for cheaper and more abundant sources of labour with which to exploit their colonies, the Atlantic slave trade grew exponentially as slaves became equated with racialized subjects. This article presents the case of Haiti as an example of continued imperial practices sustained by racial capitalism and the law of nations. In 1789, half a million slaves overthrew their French masters from the colony of Saint Domingue. After decades of defeating recolonization efforts and the loss of almost half their population and resources, Haitian leaders believed their declared independence of 1804 was insufficient, so in 1825 they reluctantly accepted recognition by France while being forced to pay an onerous indemnity debt. Though Haiti was manumitted through the promise of a debt payment, at the same time the new state was re-enslaved as France's commercial colony. The indemnity debt had consequences for Haiti well into the current century, as today Haiti is one of the poorest and most dependent nations in the world.
The Moving Location of Empire: Indirect Rule, International Law, and the Bantu Educational Kinema Experiment (Luis Eslava)

Abstract:
 Between 1935 and 1937, the International Missionary Council conducted the Bantu Educational Kinema Experiment. The objective was to produce silent educational films and screen them to ‘native’ people via mobile cinemas in the British territories in East and Central Africa. Embracing the principle of ‘indirect rule’, and its role in training colonial subjects in economic self-sufficiency and political self-rule, as then advocated by leading colonial figures and the League of Nations, the films strived to capture ‘the native point of view’ through an ‘ethnographic sensitivity’ towards local cultures, concerns and needs. Hoping to educate the natives from ‘within’, they used local actors, familiar locations and pedagogical instructions that were believed to meet the target audience's cognitive capacity. Though in many respects unsuccessful, the experiment cemented the use of cinema in the late colonial project and, more importantly, embodied the clear move at the time towards a more dynamic and disaggregated, yet perhaps never fully post-imperial, international order. I argue in this article that the Bantu Experiment is thus a telling instance through which to examine both the mobility and multiplicity of late imperial locations and the system of modern international administration that emerged during the interwar period. I suggest that this mobility and multiplicity continue to characterize the workings of today's international order, indicating the key role that ‘indirect rule’, as a silent principle of international law, still plays in its functioning today.
The Birth of an Imperial Location: Comparative Perspectives on Western Colonialism in China (Luigi Nuzzo)

Abstract:
The thematic horizon within which this article takes place is the colonial expansion of the Western powers in China between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. Focusing on the foundation of the British, French and American concessions in Tianjin, it aims to reconstruct the Western strategies of colonial governance and the role played by law in the process of production of a new social space. Opened as a treaty port in 1860, Tianjin is the only Chinese city where up to nine foreign concessions coexisted, becoming a complex, hybrid space (in)between East and West, defined by social practices, symbolic representations, and legal categories, which does not coincide simply with the area defined by the entity as a state, nation, or city.
Aliens in Latin America: Intervention, Arbitration and State Responsibility for Rebels (Kahtryn Greeman)

Abstract:
Over the course of the nineteenth century, the question of state responsibility for injuries done by rebels to foreign nationals, or ‘aliens’, in its territory became an important one for international law. Initially, it was common for disputes regarding such responsibility to be resolved through diplomacy, backed up, not infrequently, by the threat and even the use of force. Later it became a matter which also led increasingly to arbitration; beginning around the middle of the nineteenth century a growing number of arbitral tribunals dealt with claims against states for injuries done to aliens by rebels. From the first, established in 1839, there followed a series of 40 mixed claims commissions which touched on state responsibility for rebels. Nearly three-quarters of these arbitrations involved a Western state against one of the new Latin American republics. In this article, I explore how intervention in Latin America, and particularly its turn to arbitration, produced the highly-contested doctrine of state responsibility for rebels. Reading this history in the context of decolonization, capitalist expansion and economic imperialism in Latin America, I argue that the doctrine of state responsibility for rebels was produced out of and used to manage the transition from old colonialism to new imperialism in the region so as to guarantee foreign trade and investment. Understanding this history, I argue, helps us to put back together the pieces of alien protection which fragmented after 1945 and illuminates how international law continues to protect foreign investment against rebels in the decolonized world.
British War Crimes Trials in Europe and Asia, 1945–1949: A Comparative Study (W.L. Cheah & Moritz Vormbaum)

Abstract:
 Between 1945 and 1949, the British military conducted a large number of war crimes trials in Europe and Asia. Based on historical archival records, among other sources, this article evaluates and compares the British authorities’ implementation of the 1945 Royal Warrant and war crimes trials in Europe and Asia, with a specific focus on trials organized in Germany and Singapore. By examining the British war crimes trial experience in those two jurisdictions, the article analyzes factors shaping the evolution of the Royal Warrant's legal framework and trial model in different contexts. It therefore contributes to the growing historical work on post-Second World War trials and current debates among scholars of transitional justice and international criminal law on the contextual factors that impact on war crimes trials.

 (source: Cambridge Core)


19 June 2018

BOOK : Maud TERNON, Juger les fous au Moyen Âge : dans les tribunaux royaux en France, XIVe-XVe siècles (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2018). ISBN 978-2-13-074951-6, € 25,00


(Source: PUF)

PUF has published a book dealing with the way in which French royal courts during the 14th-15th century dealt with insanity.

ABOUT THE BOOK

En partant de sources parisiennes datées du milieu du XIIIe siècle à la fin du XVe siècle (Parlement de Paris, Châtelet, Trésor des Chartes), Maud Ternon retrace l’appréhension et la prise en charge de la folie au Moyen Âge. L’étude de la folie au Moyen Âge a longtemps été abordée sous l’angle restreint des représentations, et l’ouvrage fondateur qu’est Folie et déraison. Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique de Michel Foucault tente avant tout de comprendre comment le geste de renfermement des fous dans les asiles a pu émerger au XVIIe siècle. La période médiévale n’est que peu concernée. Or, les registres des cours de justice médiévales présentent un grand intérêt pour écrire l’histoire sociale de la démence. Ils donnent à voir des représentations de la folie utilisées en contexte par des acteurs variés ; ils permettent d’observer les pratiques mises en œuvre par la société autour du trouble mental.
Quelles sont la ou les notions de folie mises en scène au tribunal, au moyen de quel vocabulaire et de quelles catégories juridiques ? Quels genres de comportements peuvent être présentés comme des signes de folie, et comment la preuve en est-elle établie ? Dans quels types de procédures la qualification de folie apparaît-elle le plus et sert-elle le mieux l’intention du plaideur ? Quel est le sort réservé au dément dans chacune de ces situations ?

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Ancienne élève de l’École normale supérieure et agrégée d’histoire, Maud Ternon a enseigné l’histoire médiévale dans plusieurs universités d'’Île-de-France.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Chapitre I. Signa furoris. Décrire et prouver la folie
A – Crises de démence
B – Modalités de la maladie mentale en contexte juridico-judiciaire
C – Prouver la folie
Chapitre II. Fous et prodigues devant les juridictions civiles
A – L’étroite association de la folie et de la prodigalité
B – La progression de la curatelle et de l’interdiction dans la jurisprudence tardo-médiévale
Chapitre III. Pouvoirs familiaux, pouvoirs publics dans l’organisation de la curatelle et de l’interdiction
A – Le juge au service des familles
B – Usages de la curatelle et de l’interdiction par les pouvoirs publics
Chapitre IV. Fous à lier. Le jugement de la folie criminelle
A – Des crimes d’une rare violence
B – Le juge face au criminel fou
C – Faire bonne garde : la responsabilité pénale des proches parents
D – Prison publique et garde familiale : le partage des rôles
Conclusion
Documents inédits
Sources
Bibliographie sélective

More information with the publisher

18 June 2018

BOOK: Mia KORPIOLA & Anu LAHTINEN, Planning for Death. Wills and Death-Related Property Arrangements in Europe, 1200-1600 [Medieval Law and its Practice, vol. 63] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2018), ISBN 9789004365704, € 100

(image source: Brill)

Book abstract:
The volume Planning for Death: Wills and Death-Related Property Arrangements in Europe, 1200-1600 analyses death-related property transfers in several European regions (England, Poland, Italy, South Tirol, and Sweden). Laws and customary practice provided a legal framework for all post-mortem property devolution. However, personal preference and varied succession strategies meant that individuals could plan for death by various legal means. These individual legal acts could include matrimonial property arrangements (marriage contracts, morning gifts) and legal means of altering heirship by subtracting or adding heirs. Wills and testamentary practice are given special attention, while the volume also discusses the timing of the legal acts, suggesting that while some people made careful and timely arrangements, others only reacted to sudden events. Contributors are Christian Hagen, R.H. Helmholz, Mia Korpiola, Anu Lahtinen, Marko Lamberg, Margareth Lanzinger, Janine Maegraith, Federica Masè, Anthony Musson, Tuula Rantala, Elsa Trolle Önnerfors, and Jakub Wysmułek.

Table of contents:

Introduction By: Mia Korpiola and Anu Lahtinen
I: Range of Legal Options and Their Use
Inheritance Law, Wills, and Strategies of Heirship in Medieval Sweden
By: Mia Korpiola and Elsa Trolle Önnerfors Pages: 27–65
Monastic Donations by Widows: Morning Gifts as Assets in Planning for Old Age and Death in Fifteenth-Century Sweden
By: Tuula Rantala Pages: 66–87
Competing Interests in Death-Related Stipulations in South Tirol c. 1350–1600
By: Christian Hagen, Margareth Lanzinger and Janine Maegraith Pages: 88–118
II: Wills, Property Strategies, and Testamentary Practice
Medieval English Lawyers’ Wills and Property Strategies1 By: Anthony Musson Pages: 119–152
Men and Women Preparing for Death in Renaissance Venice (c. 1200–1600) By: Federica Masè Pages: 153–176
Mutual Testaments in Late Medieval Stockholm, c. 1420–15201 By: Marko Lamberg Pages: 177–210
III: Wills, Property, and Authority
Restricted Access Wills as Tools of Power: Development of Testamentary Practice in Krakow during the Late Middle Ages By: Jakub Wysmułek Pages: 211–238
Deathbed Strife and the Law of Wills in Medieval and Early Modern England By: R.H. Helmholz Pages: 239–257
The Will of Filippa Fleming (1578), Family Relations, and Swedish Inheritance Law1 By: Anu Lahtinen Pages: 258–277

On the editors:
Mia Korpiola, LL.D. (2004), University of Helsinki, is Professor of Legal History at the University of Turku. She had authored and edited several books, including Regional Variations in Matrimonial Law and Custom in Europe, 1150-1600 (Brill, 2011). Anu Lahtinen, Ph.D. (2007), University of Turku, is Professor of Finnish and Nordic History at the University of Helsinki. She has published on medieval and early modern history, including Dying Prepared in Medieval and Early Modern Northern Europe (Brill, 2017).

16 June 2018

BOOK: Kate GILBERT and Stephen D. WHITE, Eds., Emotion, Violence, Vengeance and Law in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honour of William Ian Miller (Leiden-New York: Brill, 2018), ISBN 978-90-04-34272-9, €99.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill has just published a Festschrift for American scholar William Ian Miller, which contains several legal-historical contributions on European Medieval legal history.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Contributions to this Festschrift for the renowned American legal and literary scholar William Ian Miller reflect the extraordinary intellectual range of the honorand, who is equally at home discussing legal history, Icelandic sagas, English literature, anger and violence, and contemporary popular culture. Professor Miller's colleagues and former students, including distinguished academic lawyers, historians, and literary scholars from the United States, Canada, and Europe, break important new ground by bringing little-known sources to a wider audience and by shedding new light on familiar sources through innovative modes of analysis.

Contributors are Stuart Airlie, Theodore M. Andersson, Nora Bartlett, Robert Bartlett, Jordan Corrente Beck, Carol J. Clover, Lauren DesRosiers, William Eves, John Hudson, Elizabeth Papp Kamali, Kimberley-Joy Knight, Simon MacLean, M.W. McHaffie, Eva Miller, Hans Jacob Orning, Jamie Page, Susanne Pohl-Zucker, Amanda Strick, Helle Vogt, Mark D. West, and Stephen D. White.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Kate Gilbert, M.Litt. (2010), University of St Andrews, is an independent scholar and freelance editor. Her published work includes Life in a Hampshire Village: The History of Ashley (1992) and, as associate author, The Bayeux Tapestry and its Contexts (2014).

Stephen D. White, Ph.D. (1972), Harvard University, is Candler Professor of Medieval History Emeritus, Emory University. His books include Re-Thinking Kinship and Feudalism in Early Medieval Europe (2005) and Feuding and Peacemaking in Eleventh-Century France (2005).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Front Matter
Copyright page
Acknowledgments
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: In Search of Miller By: Stephen D. White Pages: 1–15
Bill the Boundless By: Jordan Corrente Beck Pages: 16–18
Miller(ed) in St Andrews By: Kimberley-Joy Knight and John Hudson Pages: 19–21
Emotion, Violence, Vengeance, and Law in Medieval Historical Sources
Hot Anger and Just Indignation: Justificatory Strategies in Early Modern German Homicide Trials By: Susanne Pohl-Zucker Pages: 25–48
Trial by Ordeal by Jury in Medieval England, or Saints and Sinners in Literature and Law By: Elizabeth Papp Kamali Pages: 49–79
Threats and Intimidation in Anglo-Norman Legal Disputes By: William Eves Pages: 80–102
Courts and Rule-Making in Eleventh-Century Western France By: M. W. McHaffie Pages: 103–129
Standing up in Court: Gender and Genitalia in Fourteenth-Century Zurich By: Jamie Page Pages: 130–155
How To Be Remembered: Securing the Memoria of a Slain Person in Medieval Denmark By: Helle Vogt Pages: 156–171
Emotion, Violence, Vengeance, and Law in Medieval Literary Sources Telling Evidence in Njáls saga By: Carol J. Clover Pages: 175–188
Widening Horizons in Njáls saga By: Theodore M. Andersson Pages: 189–201
Feud in the State: The Conflict between Haakon Haakonsson and Skule Baardsson By: Hans Jacob Orning Pages: 202–224
‘Waltharius’: Treasure, Revenge and Kingship in the Ottonian Wild West By: Simon MacLean Pages: 225–251
Comparative Perspectives
Braveheart and Sexual Revenge By: Robert Bartlett Pages: 255–270
Stringer’s Saga: Njal and The Wire By: John Hudson and Mark D. West Pages: 271–295
‘An Overdeveloped Sense of Vengeance’? The Middle Ages, Vengeance and Movies By: Stuart Airlie Pages: 296–314
Getting a Head in the Neo-Assyrian Empire: Narratives of Enemy Decapitation in Ashurbanipal’s Sources By: Eva Miller Pages: 315–343
Epilogue: Silence as a Weapon of Self-Defence in Sense and Sensibility By: Nora Bartlett Pages: 344–350
Back Matter
Bibliography of Books and Scholarly Articles by William I. Miller
Index

More information with the publisher

CALL FOR PAPERS: Brazilian Journal of International Law – Special Issue 2018.3 “History of International Law” (DEADLINE 30 SEPTEMBER 2018)



The Brazilian Journal of International Law has a Call for Papers for a special issue on the history of international law.


SPECIAL ISSUE 2018.3

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

The Brazilian Journal of International Law (RDI) invites submissions for a special issue on History of International Law. The issue will be edited by Professors Arthur Giannattasio (Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, São Paulo), Olivier Descamps (Université Panthéon-Assas, Paris), Suleiman Mourad (Smith College, Northampton) and Mohammed Hocine Benkheira (École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris).

Submissions on all aspects concerning the History of International Law are welcome. The following themes can be considered as general guidelines for submissions:

1. History of International Law beyond Facts and Norms: A methodological or an epistemological approach?
2. The Role of History for Critical Analysis of International Law
3. International law and its practice in historical perspective in Brazil
4. International Law and its Histories: Dealing with Eurocentrism
5. Histories of empire, colonialism, slavery, intervention and international law
6. The Role of Religions in International Law History
7. Contributions of Islamic Law to Medieval, Modern and Contemporary International Legal Orders
8. Muslim countries between Islamic Law, National Law and International Law
9. The intertwinement between European, Islamic and Chinese international legal traditions and its impact for the development of International Law in History
10. Excluded Scholarship in International Law: Unravelling the Contributions from Unknown Female and Male International Legal Scholars
11. International Law and its Myths: lex mercatoria and medieval lex mercatoria, war and peace, international economic law, international human rights law, international criminal law, international environmental law, international humanitarian law, among others
12. Globalization and its aftermath on International Law (histories of fragmentation, constitutionalism and regionalism)
13. Patrimonial situation and Personal situation

THE JOURNAL

The Brazilian Journal of International Law is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal which publishes academic papers related to issues addressed by public and private international law. Ranked by the Brazilian National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development as Qualis A1 in Law, RDI is becoming an important academic asset in the quest for development and construction of critical views about international law.

SUBMISSION PROCESS

Manuscripts may be submitted in English, French, Portuguese, or Spanish. Articles in English are strongly recommended. Manuscript revisions will be in the language of submission. Non-native speakers are strongly encouraged to have their paper read by a native speaker. The Journal will reject articles if the level of chosen language is insufficient. 

It adopts a double-blind peer-review policy. The response from the first review will normally be provided within 30 days from the submission. Authors are expected to correct and return proofs of accepted articles within 10 days.

Authors should preferably hold a PhD and/or have a strong professional/academic background in International Law and History of International Law at the time of submission. The editors will reject manuscripts before review if they are not suitable for the journal, e.g. because of inadequate or imprecise analytical development, inconsistent formatting or non-compliance with our submission guidelines, and poor writing style (this list is not exhaustive).

Deadline for final version: 30 September 2018.

COPYRIGHT

All content published by the Journal, except where identified, is licensed under a Creative Commons attribution-type BY-NC. This will ensure the widest dissemination and protection against copyright infringement of articles. The “article” is defined as comprising the final, definitive, and citable Version of Scholarly Record, and includes: (a) the accepted manuscript in its final and revised form, including the text, abstract, and all accompanying tables, illustrations, data; and (b) any supplemental material. 

As an author, you are required to secure permission to reproduce any proprietary text, illustration, table, or other material, including data, audio, video, film stills, and screenshots, and any supplemental material you propose to submit. This applies to direct reproduction as well as “derivative reproduction” (where you have created a new figure or table that derives substantially from a copyrighted source). The reproduction of short extracts of text, excluding poetry and song lyrics, for the purposes of criticism may be possible without formal permission on the basis that the quotation is reproduced accurately and full attribution is given.

MANUSCRIPT STRUCTURE

Complete guidelines for preparing and submitting your manuscript to this journal are provided below.
The Journal considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have not been submitted elsewhere, that they have not been published already, nor are they under consideration for publication or in press elsewhere. Contributions must report original research and will be subjected to review by referees at the discretion of the Editorial Committee. 

GENERAL GUIDELINES

· Manuscripts should be written in Times New Roman, size 12, space between lines 1.5 throughout the manuscript (including all quotations, endnotes and references).
· Pages should be numbered consecutively.
· Notes should be listed consecutively at the end of the article (endnotes), and clearly marked in the text at the point of punctuation by superior numbers. Endnotes should be used for clarification purposes only.
· Manuscripts must be submitted in Word format (.doc). PDF files will not be accepted.
· All the authors of a paper must attach their short curriculum vitae (CV), which must consist of a single one paragraph-text of 100-120 words in length, each. This is to be done online during the submission process.
· The affiliations of all named co-authors should be the affiliation where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after the article is accepted.
· All manuscripts submitted should be free from jargon and be written as clearly and concisely as possible. Non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms must not be used.
· All submissions should be made online via http://www.publicacoesacademicas.uniceub.br/index.php/rdi/user/register 

FORMAT

Articles should be based on original research and develop an original argument falling within the scope of the journal. The articles are subjected to a blind-peer review and must include:
· Title
· Abstract of up to 200 words
· 5-7 keywords
· Main text
· References (at the end of the article)
· Footnotes
· Acknowledgements (if appropriate)
· Table(s) and Figure(s) with caption(s) (on individual files) (if appropriate)
FURTHER INFORMATION 

For questions regarding the content of this special issue, please contact:

Professor Dr. Nitish Monebhurrun — Editor of the Brazilian Journal of International law
nitish.monebhurrun@gmail.com

Professor Dr. Arthur Giannattasio – Guest Editor
1147031@mackenzie.br

Professor Dr. Olivier Descamps - Guest Editor
Olivier.Descamps@u-paris2.fr

Professor Dr. Suleiman Mourad - Guest Editor
smourad@smith.edu

Professor Dr. Mohammed Hocine Benkheira – Guest Editor
hocine.benkheira@ephe.sorbonne.fr

ISSN 2236-997X (impresso) - ISSN 2237-1036 (on-line)

More information on the journal website

15 June 2018

CONFERENCE: Jhering Global: International Symposium on the occasion of Rudolf von Jhering’s 200th birthday (Hanover: 6-7 SEP 2018)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

On 6 and 7 September 2018, the international symposium Jhering Global will be held in Hanover (Germany), marking the 200th anniversary of Rudolf von Jhering’s birth in 1818. It is organized by Professors Inge Kroppenberg (Georg August University Göttingen) and Stephan Meder (Leibniz University Hanover).

Jhering Global’s main intention is the development of a broad research perspective, both international and interdisciplinary, on the scientific work of Rudolf von Jhering (1818-1892). There is hardly a legal scholar whose work would be more suitable for this kind of research proposal than Jhering, whose impact on the fields of jurisprudence and social sciences was so lasting and fruitful and whose works are still being translated into many languages, even today.

Jhering Global’s purpose is twofold. Firstly, it will aim to explore the trajectories of Jhering's scientific ideas over the course of the past 150 years across Europe, the Americas and Asia. In order to achieve this, it calls on eminent legal scholars from several continents to present their perspectives on Jhering's work, and to bring different modes of reception to the table for discussion with scholars from Germany, Jhering’s native country. Thus, the conference will make a major contribution to exploring the history of the global transfer of juristic ideas from the 19th to the 21st centuries.

Secondly, Jhering Global will take an interdisciplinary approach. Since Jhering's work did not only cross geographical borders but also transcended the boundaries between scientific disciplines, the symposium will examine its impact on the establishment and development of social and political sciences since the late 19th century. Here, Jhering’s numerous allusions and references to the natural sciences, especially chemistry, will play a crucial role.
Conference program after the jump
Thursday, 6 September, 2018

    9.00 a.m. – Opening of the conference, welcoming address
    9.30 a.m. – Michael Kunze (Hamburg): Keynote lecture: Rudolf von Jhering - Leben und Werkgeschichte
    10.30 a.m. – Coffee break
    11.00 a.m. – Tomasz Giaro (Warschau): Jhering and Politics
    12.00 p.m. – Mittagessen/lunch
    14.00 p.m. – David Rabban (Austin, Tx.): Jhering‘s Influence on American Legal Thought
    15.15 Uhr – Luis Lloredo Alix (Temuco/Chile): Durch Europa, aber über Europa hinaus: Die Rezeption Jherings in Spanien und Lateinamerika
    16.15 Uhr – Kaffeepause/coffee break
    16.45 Uhr – Marcos Maliska (Curitiba/Brasilien): Die Rezeption Jherings in Brasilien: Tobias Barreto und die „Recife Schule“

Freitag/Friday, 7.9.2018

    9.30 Uhr – András Földi (Budapest): Jhering-Rezeption in Ungarn
    10.30 Uhr – Kaffeepause/coffee break
    11.00 Uhr – Anton Rudokvas (St. Petersburg): Jhering‘s Influence on Russian Legal Thought
    12.15 Uhr – Mittagessen/lunch
    14.15 Uhr – Olivier Jouanjan (Paris 2): Un intérêt juridiquement protégé: Zur französischen Rezeption von Jherings Begriff des subjektiven Rechts um 1900
    15.15 Uhr – Kaffeepause/coffee break
    15.45 Uhr – Francesca Lamberti (Lecce): Die Rezeption von Jherings historischer Methode im Hinblick auf die italienischen Studien zur altrömischen Familie um die Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhundert
    16.45 Uhr – Christoph-Eric Mecke (Hannover): Jherings Rechtsdenken im Kontext der zeitgenössischen Natur- und Sozialwissenschaften

(source: Legal History Blog)