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21 September 2018

BOOK: Xavier PREVOST, Jacques Cujas (1522-1590) [Histoire littéraire de la France, t. 46] (Paris: Académie des inscriptions et des belles-lettres/de Boccard, 2018), 160 p. ISBN 9782877543705. € 40.

(image source: univ-droit)


Book abstract:
Jacques Cujas reste encore aujourd’hui l’un des plus célèbres jurisconsultes français, bien que son œuvre demeure trop largement méconnue. Né à Toulouse en 1522, il poursuit une riche et itinérante carrière de professeur de droit romain. Après avoir effectué l’intégralité de ses études dans sa ville natale, il est docteur-régent à Cahors (1554-1555), Bourges (1555-1557, 1559-1566 et 1575-1590), Valence (1558-1559 et 1567-1575) et Turin (1566-1567), et enseigne brièvement à Paris en 1576. Au cours de cette carrière ascensionnelle (qui s’achève par sa mort à Bourges le 4 octobre 1590), Cujas publie de nombreux ouvrages qui lui confèrent une très grande renommée et attirent à lui la foule des étudiants. Cette gloire est principalement due à la compréhension renouvelée des textes de droit romain résultant de l’application des savoirs humanistes à l’étude du droit. Figure de la Renaissance, Jacques Cujas apparaît, plus particulièrement, comme le principal représentant de la méthode historique au sein du courant de l’humanisme juridique.

More information with the publisher.

(source: univ-droit)

BOOK: David COHEN and Yuma TOTANI, The Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal - Law, History, and Jurisprudence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781107119703, £ 105.00



Cambridge University Press is publishing a new book on the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal next month.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Like its Nuremberg counterpart, the Tokyo trial was foundational in the field of international law. However, up to now, the persistent notion of 'victor's justice' in the existing historical literature has made it difficult to treat it as such. David Cohen and Yuma Totani seek to redress this by cutting through persistent orthodoxies and ideologies that have plagued the trial. Instead they present it simply as a judicial process, and in so doing reveal its enduring importance for international jurisprudence. A wide range of primary sources are considered, including court transcripts, court exhibits, the majority judgment, and five separate concurring and dissenting opinions. The authors also provide comparative analysis of the Allied trials at Nuremberg, resulting in a comprehensive and empirically grounded study of the trial. The Tokyo tribunal was a watershed moment in the history of the Asia-Pacific region. This ground breaking study reveals it is of continuing relevance today.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

David CohenStanford University, California

David Cohen directs the WSD Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Stanford University. Previously Cohen was at the War Crimes Studies Center at the University of California, Berkeley, where he taught for thirty-five years before moving the Center to Stanford University in 2013. He publishes on international criminal law, transitional justice, human rights, classics, and comparative legal history, while also directing human rights, rule of law, and accountability projects in South and Southeast Asia and Africa.
Yuma TotaniUniversity of Hawaii

Yuma Totani is a historian of modern Japan and presently teaches at the University of Hawaii. Her research interests are in World War II and war crimes trials in Asia and the Pacific. She is the author of The Tokyo War Crimes Trial (2008) and Justice in Asia and the Pacific Region, 1945–1952 (Cambridge, 2015). She has received various fellowships, including a National Fellowship from the Hoover Institution (2016), the Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellowship (2012), and the Abe Fellowship (2011).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Part I. The Allied War Crimes Policy, the Indictment, and Court Proceedings:
1. The framework of the trial
2. Charges of crimes against peace
3. The Japanese system of government
4. Individual roles in the making of the war and the overall conspiracy
5. Counts on murder, conventional war crimes, and crimes against humanity
6. Accountability of war crimes
Part II. Law and Jurisprudence of the Judgments and Separate Opinions:
7. The majority judgment: crimes against peace
8. An alternative perspective on accountability for crimes against peace: the two Webb judgments
9. The majority judgment on war crimes
10. An alternative Tokyo judgment: the draft Webb judgment on war crimes
11. The dissenting opinions by Justices Bernard and Roeling
12. Pal's 'judgment', or dissenting opinion, on crimes against peace
13. Pal's treatment of war crimes charges
14. The concurring opinions of Justices Webb and Jaranilla
Conclusion.

More information here

20 September 2018

BOOK: Maartje M. ABBENHUIS, The Hague Conferences and International Politics, 1898-1915 (London: Bloomsbury, 2018). ISBN 9781350061347, $102.60


(Source: Bloomsbury)

Bloomsbury has just published a book on the history of the two Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907 (and the third conference of 1915 that was never held).

ABOUT THE BOOK

Beginning with the extraordinary rescript by Tsar Nicholas II in August 1898 calling the world's governments to a disarmament conference, this book charts the history of the two Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907 – and the third conference of 1915 that was never held – using diplomatic correspondence, newspaper reports, contemporary publications and the papers of internationalist organizations and peace activists.

Focusing on the international media frenzy that developed around them, Maartje Abbenhuis provides a new angle on the conferences. Highlighting the conventions that they brought about, she demonstrates how The Hague set the tone for international politics in the years leading up to the First World War, permeating media reports and shaping the views and activities of key organizations such as the inter-parliamentary union, the international council of women and the Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law).

Based on extensive archival research in the Netherlands, Great Britain, Switzerland and the United States alongside contemporary publications in a range of languages, this book considers the history of the Hague conferences in a new way, and presents a powerful case for the importance of The Hague conferences in shaping twentieth century international politics.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Maartje Abbenhuis is Associate Professor in Modern European History at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. She has published widely on the history of neutrality and internationalism, including The Art of Staying Neutral: The Netherlands in the First World War (2006) and An Age of Neutrals: Great Power Politics 1815–1914 (2014).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
1. How the 19th Century Shaped the Hague Conferences
2. The Tsar, the Rescript and the World
3. A Coram Publies: Planning for the First Hague Conference, 1899
4. It is Not Enough! The First Hague Conference, 1899
5. Civilisation at War, 1899 - 1906
6. A Holy Duty: Activists for The Hague
7. When the World Showed Up: Global Diplomacy at the Second Hague Conference, 1907
8. The Hague: Capital of the World
9. The Work of Civilisation: The Third Hague Conference and the First World War
Conclusion
Notes
Index

More information here

ADVANCE ARTICLE: Justyna WUBS-MROZEWICZ, 'Neutrality before Grotius: A City, a State and Seven Salt Ships in the Baltic (1564-1567)', Journal of Early Modern History

(image source: Brill)

Abstract:
The article argues on the basis of a case from the 1560s in Danzig that prior to the formulation of the legal concept of neutrality by Hugo Grotius, there was a practice of neutrality. It was expressed in various terms and manners. This practice pertained to both cities and states, and the case discloses the first documented instance when the Netherlands explicitly strove for neutrality also by legal means. The choice for neutrality was rooted in political and economic interests and as such had advantages, but it was also fraught with difficulties. The analysis shows that the actual extent of neutrality depended on the acceptance (or lack thereof) of the warring parties. Also, by excluding the possibilities of the use of violence or economic means of pressure like blockades, neutrals were limited to diplomacy and law during conflicts. This lay the ground for the development of a legal concept of neutrality

More information with Brill.

BOOK: Massimo PANEBIANCO, Introduzione alla codicistica del Jus Gentium Europaeum. Codice Lünig-Leibniz-Dumont [Jus Gentium Europaeum. Collana di studi comunitari; 18] (Napoli: Editoriale Scientifica, 2016), XII + 276 p. ISBN 978-88-6342-936-7, € 24

(image source: Editoriale Scientifica)

Book abstract:
L'Europa del '700 è una delle mille forme dell'Europa possibile: Europa dei codici, Europa codicistica, Europa della scrittura diplomatica. Si vedrà come il presente volume si ispira alle recenti tendenze dedicate allo studio geo-politico della "grande storia" del diritto internazionale, ai fini della descrizione degli spazi continentali di area vasta. Tale ricerca ha esaminato il periodo più alto della codificazione europea del diritto internazionale della prima metà del '700 e si è fondata su un moderno "codice triplo" risultante dalla combinazione di altrettanti classici della codificazione dello jus gentium europeo. Il cd. Codice "Lünig-Leibniz-Dumont" proviene dalla scuola austro-germanica del '700 europeo, contenente in tutto o in parte la storia internazionale dei singoli Stati europei nei rapporti fra di loro e con gli altri Stati del mondo dall'antico al moderno (Italia compresa). L'autore di questo libro si rivolge ai lettori, come al pubblico benevole di una sala concerti d'Europa del '700 e si augura che i tre codici diplomatici qui esaminati siano come un unico "concerto triplo". Anche tali codici sono "icone" della storia passata e servono a portare fino a noi la voce dei secoli, bene impressa nel loro testo.
More information here.
Rechtsgeschichte 28 (2018) contains a review by Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina (Zürich).

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Conference - The Making of a World Order: A Reappraisal of the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles, The American University of Paris (DEADLINE: 15 October 2018)


(Source: Wikipedia)

Via Hsozkult, we learned of a call for papers for a conference on the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles. Here the call:

Upon the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, and the Center for Critical Democracy Studies at The American University of Paris will hold two conferences in the Spring of 2019 in Paris and the Fall of 1919 in Cambridge, MA. Designed as a pair of facing conferences, the first will re-appraise the 1919 Paris Peace Conference from the vantage point of new historical evidence and recent scholarly focus on its global impact, while the second conference will look back upon 1919 from the perspective of their continuing contemporary relevance to both international relations and policy making. Both conferences will be deeply interdisciplinary, including featured speakers and panelists from history, international relations, public policy and diplomacy, in an effort to approach the Paris Peace Conference from multiple, international perspectives.

Call for Papers for the Paris 2019 Conference: May 23-25, 2019 (deadline for paper and panel submissions, October 15, 2018)

To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, the Paris conference will explore the Treaty, and the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 more broadly, from the perspective of a new world order it simultaneously did and did not make. In 1994, on the 75th Anniversary of the Versailles Treaty, leading scholars of European and international history gathered to reassess the Treaty of Versailles and its impact on the trajectory of twentieth-century history. The result was a path-breaking volume that both re-assessed the divergent aims of the different Great Powers at the Paris Peace Conference, as well as how the negotiations themselves laid the foundation for its own collapse twenty years later. But the volume remained largely Eurocentric—the rest of the world emerged in the volume as bit players on a European stage. In the past two decades, historians of modern Europe have pushed our understanding of the long nineteenth century toward new borders, asking novel questions and forcing us to recognize the power of movements, processes, trends, and influences on a planetary scale. Indeed, it was this “transformation of the modern world” (Osterhammel) during the global nineteenth-century that ran headlong into the cataclysmic events of the first “World” War. From 1914-1918, the world slipped into a massive military conflict on an unprecedented scale. In the immediate aftermath of the war, the task at hand was little less than constructing a new world order.

Building on the growing interest in World War I as a global conflict that extended far beyond the borders of Europe, the Paris 2019 conference will explore the global political ramifications of the treaties prepared at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. It is hard to overstate the importance of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference for redefining the place of the United States in the world, re-shaping the geo-political configurations of the Middle East, Asia and Europe, the new place of the South Pacific, the need to re-conceive of world relations with a new Soviet Russia, the massive impact on European colonies in Africa, the place of Latin America, and the construction of the League of Nations. Far from a mere cessation of hostilities, the peace treaties signed in 1919 and 1920 marked a massive transformation on local, national, continental and global scales.

Four renowned experts of the First World War have agreed to present keynote addresses at the conference: Margaret MacMillan (Oxford University), Priya Satia (Stanford University), Tze-ki Hon (City University of Hong Kong), and Adam Tooze (Columbia University).

Besides the four plenary speakers, the Paris 2019 Conference will invite panelists in multiple disciplines relating to all aspects of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. Alongside historians, the conference seeks to include other perspectives from the social sciences and humanities, including, but not limited to, historical sociology, political anthropology, political science, economics, and literature. Since the conference focuses particularly on the global effects of 1919, the organizers encourage the participation of scholars whose area of focus is outside Europe. To this end, there will be some funding available for early-career scholars and those traveling long distances.

The Paris conference organizers will proceed immediately to a broad call for papers, and a simultaneous invitation to specialists in the field to participate. Possible Panel Themes may include:

- Migration and Minority Rights and the Paris Peace Conference
- The Paris Peace Conference and New International Intellectual Networks
- The Creation of New Regional and Inter-Regional Politics
- The Paris Peace Conference and the Rise of New International Organizations
- Sovereignty, Self-Determination, and De-Colonization
- The “New Woman” and the Paris Peace Conference
- The Paris Peace Conference, International Socialism, and the Specter of Communism

The intention of the organizers of the conference, in alignment with the mission of the Center for Critical Democracy Studies, is to weave the conference preparation and presentation into course work at the American University of Paris, making the Treaty the subject of its annual freshman seminar, Democracy Lab, and summer Democracy Institute. In addition, the Center publishes the Tocqueville Review, which will devote a special two-volume issue to the best papers of the conference.

The Paris Conference will take place on May 23-25, 2019.

Please submit paper or full-panel proposals (300 words) and a brief (2-page) cv to parispeace1919@aup.edu by October 15, 2018.

Summary of key dates:
October 15, 2018 Deadline for paper proposals
November, 2018 Final decisions on paper and panel proposals
January, 2018 Preliminary Program released
March, 2018 Final Program released
May 23-25, 2018 Conference

Kontakt
Albert Wu
awu@aup.edu / albert.wu@gmail.com
102 rue St. Dominique
75007 Paris

(Source: Hsozkult.de)

BOOK: Mario DAMEN, Jelle HAEMERS, and Alastair J. MANN (eds.), Political Representation: Communities, Ideas and Institutions in Europe, (c. 1200-c. 1690) (Leiden-New York: Brill, 2018). ISBN 9789004352414, €143.00


(Source: Brill)

Brill has published a new book containing many contributions on political representation in medieval and early modern Europe.  

ABOUT THE BOOK

Political Representation: Communities, Ideas and Institutions in Europe (c. 1200 - c. 1690), a scholarly collection on representation in medieval and early modern Europe, opens up the field of institutional and parliamentary history to new paradigms of representation across a wide geography and chronology – as testified by the volume’s studies on assemblies ranging from Burgundy and Brabant to Ireland and Italy. The focus is on three areas: institutional developments of representative institutions in Western Europe; the composition of these institutions concerning interest groups and individual participants; and the ideological environment of representatives in time and space. By analysing the balance between bottom-up and top-down approaches to the functioning of institutions of representation; by studying the actors behind the representative institutions linking prosopographical research with changes in political dialogue; and by exploring the ideological world of representation, this volume makes a key contribution to the historiography of pre-modern government and political culture. 

Contributors are María Asenjo-González, Wim Blockmans, Mario Damen, Coleman A. Dennehy, Jan Dumolyn, Marco Gentile, David Grummitt, Peter Hoppenbrouwers, Alastair J. Mann, Tim Neu, Ida Nijenhuis, Michael Penman, Graeme Small, Robert Stein and Marie Van Eeckenrode.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Dr Mario Damen is Senior Lecturer at the University of Amsterdam. He is especially interested in social, political and cultural history of the late medieval Low Countries and the princes, nobles and administrative elites of the Burgundian and Habsburg composite state. His publications includePrelaten, edelen en steden. De samenstelling van de Staten van Brabant in de vijftiende eeuw (2016) and ‘The knighthood in and around fifteenth century Brussels’, Journal of Medieval History 43, (2017). 

Dr Jelle Haemers is Senior Lecturer at the University of Leuven (KU Leuven). Apart from urban history his research interests encompass social and political conflicts in the late medieval town, notably in the Low Countries (1100-1550). Among others he published For the Common Good. State Power and Urban Revolts in the Reign of Mary of Burgundy, 1477-1482(2009). 

Dr Alastair Mann is Senior Lecturer at Stirling University, Scotland. He researches parliamentary history, the Restoration, and book history. He is co-editor of The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 (2008-) and author of the biography James VII: duke and king of Scots (2014). 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations
Contributors and Editors 

An Introduction: Political Representation Communities, Ideas and Institutions in Europe (c. 1200–c.
1650)
  Mario Damen, Jelle Haemers and Alastair J. Mann


Part 1: Top-down or Bottom-up? Princes, Communities and Representation

Assemblies of Estates and Parliamentarism in Late Medieval Europe
 Peter Hoppenbrouwers
Political Representation and the Fiscal State in Late Medieval and Early Modern Castile
 María Asenjo-González
Forms of Political Representation in Late Medieval Northern Italy: Merits and Shortcomings of the City-State Paradigm (14th–early 16th Century)
 Marco Gentile
Representation in Later Medieval and Early Modern Ireland
 Coleman A. Dennehy
Speaking in the Name of: Collective Action, Claim-making, and the Development of Pre-modern Representative Institutions
 Tim Neu


Part 2: Prelates, Nobles and Patricians: The Composition of the Representative Institutions

“The King wishes and commands?” Reassessing Representative Assembly in Scotland, c.1286–1329
 Michael Penman
Officers of State and Representation in the Pre-modern Scottish Parliament
 Alastair J. Mann
The Nobility in the Estates of the Late Medieval Duchy of Brabant
 Mario Damen
Representation by Numbers: How Attendance and Experience Helped Holland to Control the Dutch States General (1626–1630)
 Ida Nijenhuis


Part 3: Controlling the State: Ideas and Discourses

10 The Antwerp Clerk Jan van Boendale and the Creation of a Brabantine Ideology
 Robert Stein
11 Rituals of Unanimity and Balance: Deliberation in 15th- to 16th-century Hainaut: A Fool’s Game?
 Marie Van Eeckenrode
12 Speech Acts and Political Communication in the Estates-General of Valois and Habsburg Burgundy c. 1370–1530: Towards a Shared Political Language
Jan Dumolyn and Graeme Small
13Parliament, War and the “Public Sphere” in Late Medieval England: The Experience of Lancastrian Kent
David Grummitt
14Who has a Say? The Conditions for the Emergence and Maintenance of Political Participation in Europe before 1800
Wim Blockmans
Conclusion: Reconsidering Political Representation in Europe, 1400–1700
Selective Bibliography
Index 

More information here

19 September 2018

BOOK: Howard ELCOCK, Could the Versailles System have Worked? (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), XI + 193 p. ISBN 978-3-319-94734-1, € 51,16

(image source: Palgrave)

Book abstract:
This book explores the significance of the post-First World War peace settlement negotiated at Versailles in 1919. Versailles has always been a controversial subject and it has long been contended that the Treaty imposed unnecessarily severe conditions upon the defeated nations, particularly Germany, and in large part can be held responsible for the outbreak of war in 1939. This book considers the critical question as to whether the Treaty of Versailles established a new international settlement that could produce a peaceful and prosperous Europe, something that many have alleged was impossible. In an exhaustive analysis of the events that followed the Paris Peace Conference, Howard Elcock argues that the Versailles Treaty created a more stable diplomatic framework than has commonly been recognised, and challenges the traditional understanding that the delegates at Versailles can be held responsible for the failure to secure long-term peace in Europe.
On the author:
 Howard Elcock enjoyed a long and distinguished academic career. He taught at the University of Hull between 1966 and 1981 and then Newcastle Polytechnic (now Northumbria University) where he became Professor Emeritus in 1997. Howard Elcock was the author of many books and articles on a wide range of subjects including the Versailles Treaty, local government, political leadership, political behaviour and ethics in public service.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

CONFERENCE: Der Vertrag von Saint Germain 1919 im Kontext der europäischen Nachkriegsordnung (27-29 September 2018, Vienna)


(Source: ÖAW)

We learned of a conference on the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain between the Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the Republic of German-Austria on the other.

ÖAW und Universität Wien laden ein, die rechtlichen Grundlagen der europäischen Nachkriegsordnung nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg sowie deren Konsequenzen für die politische, wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Entwicklung Europas aus einer globalen Perspektive zu diskutieren.
Der für die Republik Österreich so bedeutende Vertrag von Saint Germain aus dem Jahr 1919 ist im internationalen Kontext nach wie vor Gegenstand globaler Forschungsinitiativen.

Eine Konferenz unter österreichischer Federführung zum Thema „Der Vertrag von Saint Germain 1919 im Kontext der europäischen Nachkriegsordnung“ will diese Initiativen vernetzen. Das Institut für Neuzeit- und Zeitgeschichtsforschung der ÖAW, die Kommission für Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs der ÖAW sowie die Forschungsstelle für Rechtsquellenerschließung der Universität Wien laden ein, das Entstehen und Wirken des Vertrags im Kontext der Neuordnung der Welt nach 1918 gemeinsam zu analysieren. Neben den zentralen politischen Themen sollen auch bislang wenig beachtete wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Aspekte, die dieser Vertrag ebenso beeinflusst hat, zur Sprache kommen. Die wissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung strebt eine Neubewertung von St. Germain an, welche  Ressentiments und nationalistische Vorurteile der Nachkriegszeit überwindet.

The programme can be found here

More information here

BOOK: Antonio PADOA SCHIOPPA, A History of Law In Europe: From the Middle Ages to the 20th Century (transl. Caterina FITZGERALD) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018), 822 p, ISBN 97813166323207, 34,99 GBP

(image source: CUP)

Book abstract:
With its roots in ancient Greece, Roman law and Christianity, European legal history is the history of a common civilisation. The exchange of legislative models, doctrines and customs within Europe included English common law and has been extensive from the early middle ages to the present time. In this seminal work which spans from the fifth to the twentieth century, Antonio Padoa-Schioppa explores how law was brought to life in the six main phases of European legal history. By analysing a selection of the institutions of private and public law which are most representative of each phase and of each country, he also sheds light on the common features throughout the history of European legal culture. Translated in English for the first time, this new edition has been revised to include the recent developments of the European Union and the legal-historical works of the last decade.
 Reviews:
'… a finely detailed and richly contextual account of European legal history. Originally published in 2007 in Italian, this 2017 edition is the first English translation of the title … The content of the book starts far earlier in time than most European legal history volumes, beginning with a retelling of law, church, kingdoms, and customs from as early as the fifth century. … [It] leads readers through the six main phases of European legal history, including an updated section that covers recent developments in the European Union. … this work is well-suited to a historian looking for a precisely detailed time line of European history as it relates to the law.' E. Millspaugh, CHOICE connect 
Table of contents here.
More information with the publisher.

BOOK: Jan Wouters et al., International Law: A European Perspective (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2018). ISBN 9781849464161, £39.99


(Source: Hart Publishing)

Coming November, Hart Publishing is publishing a new book on international law from a European perpective.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This textbook offers for the first time a comprehensive analysis of the classic doctrines and main areas of international law from a European perspective, meeting the needs of the many European law schools teaching public international law in English. Special attention is devoted to the practice of the European Union, the Council of Europe and European States – both civil law and common law countries – with regard to international law. In particular the book analyses the interplay between international law, EU law and national law in the case law of the Court of Justice of the EU, the European Court of Human Rights and national jurisdictions in Europe. It provides the reader with insights into how the international legal practice of the EU and its Member States impacts the development of international law, both in terms of doctrines such as treaty-making and customary law, the exercise of (extraterritorial) jurisdiction, state responsibility and the settlement of disputes, as well as particular sub-fields of international law, such as human rights law and international economic law. In addition the book covers other important areas such as the use of force and collective security, the law of armed conflict, and global and regional international organisations. It provides European perspectives on all these issues and will be of great value to students, scholars and practitioners.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Jan Wouters
Jan Wouters is Full Professor of International Law and International Organizations, Jean Monnet Chair and Director of the Institute for International Law and Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, KU Leuven.
Cedric Ryngaert
Cedric Ryngaert is Professor of Public International Law and Director of the Master Programme Public International Law, Utrecht University.
Tom Ruys
Tom Ruys is Assistant Professor in International Law at the Ghent Rolin-Jaequemyns International Law Institute (GRILI), Ghent University.
Geert De Baere
Geert De Baere is Judge at the General Court of the EU and Associate Professor of EU Law and International Law, KU Leuven.

More information here

18 September 2018

BOOK: Desmond MANDERSON (ed.), Law and the Visual: Representations, Technologies, Critique (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018), 376 p. ISBN 9781442630314, USD 60

(image source: UTorontoPress)

Book abstract:
In Law and the Visual, leading legal theorists, art historians, and critics come together to present new work examining the intersection between legal and visual discourses. Proceeding chronologically, the volume offers leading analyses of the juncture between legal and visual culture as witnessed from the fifteenth to the twenty-first centuries. Editor Desmond Manderson provides a contextual introduction that draws out and articulates three central themes: visual representations of the law, visual technologies in the law, and aesthetic critiques of law. A ground breaking contribution to an increasingly vibrant field of inquiry, Law and the Visual will inform the debate on the relationship between legal and visual culture for years to come.
On the editor:
Desmond Manderson is a professor in the ANU College of Law and College of Arts & Social Sciences at the Australian National University. He is founding Director of its Centre for Law, Arts, and the Humanities.

Table of contents:
Introduction: From Visual Evidence to Visual Discourse
Desmond Manderson
Part I
Representations. The origins of legal modernity from the 16th – 19th Centuries
1. Blindness Visible: Law, Time, and Bruegel's Justice
Desmond Manderson
2. Face and Frames of Government
Peter Goodrich
3. An Emblematic Representation of Law: Hogarth and the Engravers' Act
Cristina S. Martinez
4. Law and the Revolutionary Motif after Jacques-Louis David
Morgan Thomas
5. Legal Imagery on the Edge of Symbolism: The Decoration Projects for the Belgian Cour de Cassation
Stefan Huygebaert
6. The Visual Force of Justice in the Making of Liberia
Shane Chalmers
Part II
Technologies. Excesses of legal modernity in the 20th Century
7. 'You Will See My Family Became So American': Race, Citizenship and the Visual Archive
Sherally Munshi
8. From Sentimentality to Sadism: Visual Genres of Asylum Seeking
Honni Van Rijswijk
9. Images of Victims: The ECCC and the Cambodian Genocide Museum
Maria Elander
10. The Exceptional Image: Torture Photographs from Guantánamo Bay and Abu Ghraib as Foucault's Spectacle of Punishment
Connal Parsley
Part III
Critique: Irony and legal modernity in the 21st Century
11. T-Shirt's Guevara: The Visual Jurisprudence of the New Man
Luis Gómez Romero
12. The Art of Bureaucracy: Redacted Ready-mades
Katherine Biber
13. Illicit Interventions in Public Non-Spaces: Unlicensed Images
Alison Young
What Authorizes the Image? The Visual Economy of Post-Secular Jurisprudence
Richard K. Sherwin

More information with the publisher.

BOOK: Pierre-Yves QUIVIGER, Penserla pratique juridique. Essais de philosophie du droit appliquée (Aix-en-Provence: PUAM, 2018), 238p. ISBN 9782731411065, 22 EUR

(image source: PUAM)


Book abstract:
Puisqu’il y a du droit et puisqu’il y a de la philosophie, la philosophie du droit ne doit être ni un point de vue philosophique sur le droit qui ferait l’impasse sur la spécificité du vocabulaire et du raisonnement juridique ni une théorisation générale du droit qui ferait l’économie de la méthode philosophique ; elle est la rencontre du droit et de la philosophie, qui se nourrissent l’un l’autre. La philosophie du droit comme « droit et philosophie », comme un discours relevant autant du droit que de la philosophie – c’est ainsi qu’est ici pensée la pratique juridique. Les pratiques et les savoirs constitués du droit sont plus que le point de départ de ce travail, ils en sont aussi en un sens le point d’arrivée, au nom d’une conviction : la philosophie du droit est utile au droit. Les articles réunis dans ce volume s’inscrivent donc dans un champ disciplinaire (ou transdisciplinaire) spécifique qu’on peut nommer philosophie du droit appliquée et dont l’introduction générale présente les hypothèses méthodologiques centrales.
More information with the publisher.

BOOK: Ruiping YE, The Colonisation and Settlement of Taiwan, 1684-1945 : Land Tenure, Law and Qing and Japanese Policies (London: Routledge, 2018). ISBN 9780815394716, £115.00


(Source: Routledge)

Routledge has published a new book comparing the Chinese Qing and Japanese colonial administration of Taiwan.

ABOUT THE BOOK

The dispossession of indigenous peoples by conquest regimes remains a pressing issue. This book, unlike most other books on the subject, contrasts two different colonial administrations – first the Chinese Qing Empire, then, from 1895, the Japanese. It shows how , under the Chinese legal system, the Qing employed the Chinese legal system to managed the relationship between the increasing numbers of Han Chinese settlers and the indigenous peoples, and how, although the Qing regime took no and refrained from taking actions to transform aboriginal land tenure, and how nevertheless Chinese settlers were able to manipulate aboriginal land tenure to their advantage. It goes on to examine the very different approach of the Japanese colonial administration, which following the Meiji Restoration of 1868 had begun to adopt a Western legal framework, demonstrating how this was intentionally much more intrusive, and how the Japanese modernized legal framework significantly disrupted aboriginal land tenure. Based on extensive original research, the book provides important insights into colonisation, different legal traditions and the impact of colonial settlement on indigenous peoples.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr Ruiping Ye is a lecturer in law at the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction.
1. Land Settlement: Progression and Pattern.
2. Settlement Polices: Reluctant Expansion.
3. Aboriginal Land: Recognition and Protection.
4. Chinese Practice: Transforming Aboriginal Land Tenure.
5. Aborigines’ Efforts: A Losing Battle.
6. Japanese Colonisation: New Tenure under the Modern Law.
Conclusion: Land Tenure, Colonisation, and Legal Tradition

More information here

17 September 2018

CONFERENCE: Sur le front du droit (Toulouse, 16 October 2018)


(Source: CTHDIP)

Via Hi-D, we learned of a conference series on European and American lawyers during World War I.

Le Centre Toulousain d’Histoire du Droit et des Idées Politiques (E.A 789) organise un cycle de conférences sur les juristes européens et américains dans la Grande Guerre.

Ce cycle de conférences est organisé en collaboration avec le Collège supérieur du Droit et l’École européenne de droit.

Les conférences sont destinées aux étudiants et au grand public. Elles ont pour objectif commun de questionner la place des juristes et du droit au cours de la période 1914-1918 et dans l’après-guerre. Comment le droit est appliqué au cours de cette période ? Comment ces circonstances sont prises en considération par le juge et la doctrine ? En quoi la guerre influe-t-elle sur la formation et le développement de domaine(s) juridique(s) ?

Mardi 16 octobre 2018 (18 h),Université Toulouse Capitole, Salle des conférences, BU de l’Arsenal
Michaël AMARA (Chef de service « Archives contemporaines », Archives générales du Royaume), La Cour militaire belge durant la Grande Guerre ou le difficile exercice de la Justice militaire en Belgique (1914-1918) (Résumé)

Annamaria MONTI (Professeur à l’Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi), Les juristes universitaires italiens et la guerre : pistes de recherche (Résumé)

Ces conférences font partie d’un ensemble de publications et manifestations portées par le C.T.H.D.I.P. et associant divers partenaires (Label Mission Centenaire)

(Source : Hi-D)

BOOK: Anton WEISS-WENDT, ed., Documents on the Genocide Convention from the American, British, and Russian Archives (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018). ISBN 9781474279796, $315.00



Bloomsbury Academic is publishing a collection of archival documents relating to the 1948 Genocide Convention

ABOUT THE COLLECTION

This document collection highlights the legal challenges, historical preconceptions, and political undercurrents that had informed the UN Genocide Convention, its form, contents, interpretation, and application. Featuring 436 documents from thirteen repositories in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Russia, the collection is an essential resource for students and scholars working in the field of comparative genocide studies.

The selected records span the Cold War period and reflect on specific issues relevant to the Genocide Convention, as established at the time by the parties concerned. The types of documents reproduced in the collection include interoffice correspondence, memorandums, whitepapers, guidelines for national delegations, commissioned reports, draft letters, telegrams, meeting minutes, official and unofficial inquiries, formal statements, and newspaper and journal articles. On a classification curve, the featured records range from unrestricted to top secret. Taken in the aggregate, the documents reproduced in this collection suggest primacy of politics over humanitarian and/or legal considerations in the UN Genocide Convention.

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Anton Weiss-Wendt is Research Professor at the Center for the Study of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities in Oslo, Norway. His recentpublications include Racial Science in Hitler's Europe, 1939-1945(2013)and The Nazi Genocide of the Roma: Reassessment and Commemoration (2013).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Volume I

Acknowledgements
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
List of Archival Collections
Introduction
I. Genocide: From a Concept to a United Nations Resolution, 1933–1946
II. The United Nations Secretariat Draft Genocide Convention, 1947
III. Ad Hoc Committee on Genocide, January–August 1948
IV. Debates on the Draft Genocide Convention in the UN General Assembly, September–December 1948
V. Lobbying in Behalf of the Genocide Convention, 1947–1948
United Nations Concention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: The Three Drafts, 1947-48
Further Reading
Index

Volume II

VI. The United Kingdom Government Split on the Issue of Accession to the Genocide Convention, 1949–1953
VII. The United States Delays Action on the Genocide Convention, 1949–1962
VIII. The Issue of Reservations to the Genocide Convention, 1949–1952
IX. Indicting Communist Countries for Genocide, 1949–1959
X. The Genocide Convention vs. Nuremberg Principles, Draft Covenants on Human Rights, and/or the Draft Code of Offenses against the Peace and Security of Mankind, 1949–1954
XI. The Korean War, 1950–1953
XII. We Charge Genocide: The Campaign to Indict the United States for Racial Discrimination, 1951–1952
XIII. The Lonely Voice of Raphael Lemkin, 1949–1959
XIV. The United Kingdom Inches Closer to Acceding to the Genocide Convention, 1962–1968
XV. The Public Campaign Pro and Counter US Ratification of the Genocide Convention, 1970–1977
XVI. The “Armenian Question,” 1964–1985
XVII. A Final Push for the UN Genocide Convention, 1983–1988
Further Reading
Index

More information here

15 September 2018

LECTURE: IES Opening Lecture by Martti Koskenniemi (IES, Brussels, 27 September 2018)

(image source: IES/VUB)

The Institute of European Studies (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) has the following announcement:
The IES Inaugural Lecture on Thursday 27 September at 18:00 at the IES premises in Brussels marks the start of the academic year for our LLM and EuroMaster programmes. It is our great pleasure to host one of the most prominent international law scholars of our time: Martti Koskenniemi (picture), Professor of International Law at the University of Helsinki and Director of the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights. So save the date for this special occasion! The lecture will take place at the Institute for European Studies-VUB. If you wish to participante please register using the following link. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us at events@ies.be.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

14 September 2018

NEWS: 73rd conference of the Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher pour l’Histoire des Droits de l’Antiquité (SIHDA) to be held at The University of Edinburgh (2-7 September 2019)



We just learned that the Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher pour l’Histoire des Droits de l’Antiquité has decided that its 73rd conference, in 2019, will be held at the University of Edinburgh. Here the announcement:

It was decided in Krakow that the 73rd Session of the Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher pour l’Histoire des Droits de l’Antiquité (SIHDA) conference will be held at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The conference will commence on Monday evening, 2nd September 2019, and end on Saturday, 7thSeptember 2019. The central theme, decided in Krakow, is:

“Le Droit et sa Place dans le Monde Antique”

Scholars are invited to submit proposals for papers dealing with specific aspects of legal doctrine in the Graeco-Roman world and their reception into subsequent epochs of legal development in Europe and elsewhere. In addition, we also warmly invite scholars to submit proposals for papers on the law of the Graeco-Roman world as a historical and cultural topos and its ideological legacies in subsequent periods of legal thought in Europe and elsewhere.

Papers should be no more than 20 minutes in length with an additional 10 minutes allocated for discussion. Papers may be given in English, Italian, German or Spanish. Details concerning the submission of paper titles and abstracts will be communicated with the first call for papers.


BOOK LAUNCH EVENT: The Oxford Handbook of European Legal History – Book Launch (University of Helsinki, 21 September 2018)



We learned of a book launch event at the University of Helsinki for the publication of The Oxford Handbook of European Legal History.

Book Launch event: 21 September

You are warmly welcome to attend the Book Launch of
Heikki Pihlajamäki, Markus D. Dubber & Mark Godfrey (eds.)

The Oxford Handbook of European Legal History

Time: Friday 21 September 2018, 2.15–4 pm
Place: University of Helsinki, Porthania 668 (6. floor)

European law, including both civil law and common law, has gone through several major phases of expansion in the world. European legal history thus also is a history of legal transplants and cultural borrowings, which national legal histories as products of nineteenth-century historicism have until recently largely left unconsidered. The Handbook of European Legal History supplies its readers with an overview of the different phases of European legal history in the light of today's state-of-the-art research, by offering cutting-edge views on research questions currently emerging in international discussions.

The Handbook takes a broad approach to its subject matter both nationally and systemically. Unlike traditional European legal histories, which tend to concentrate on "heartlands" of Europe (notably Italy and Germany), the Europe of the Handbook is more versatile and nuanced, taking into consideration the legal developments in Europe's geographical "fringes" such as Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. The Handbook covers all major time periods, from the ancient Greek law to the twenty-first century. Contributors include acknowledged leaders in the field as well as rising talents, representing a wide range of legal systems, methodologies, areas of expertise and research agendas.

Programme:
Heikki Pihlajamäki, Introduction, 2.15 – 2.30
Mia Korpiola, Legal History of Scandinavia and Eastern Europe in High and Late Middle Ages, 2.30 - 2.45
Marianna Muravyeva, Russian Legal History in the Early Modern Period, 2.45 – 3.00
Martti Koskenniemi, The Emergence of International and Comparative Law (Nineteenth Century), 3.00 – 3.15
Refreshments and discussion, 3.15 – 4.00

More information here

JOURNAL: Jus Gentium. Journal of Legal History III (2018), No. 1

(image source: Lawbook Exchange)

Table of contents:
ARTICLES
  • "Arbitration at Vienna: Recasting the History of International Dispute Resolution" by S. Harris
  • "The Rising Generation of International Lawyers at St. Petersburg University: Zaremba and Spasovich" by V. I. Ivanenko
  • "The Baltimore Incident and American Naval Expansion" by Mark W. Podvia    
  • "The 1917 Russian Revolution and International Law" by O. O. Merezhko  
  • "The Development of the Science of International Law at the Koretsky Institute of State and Law" by K. O. Savchuk and I. M.Protsenko
  • "Currency Control, Exchange Contracts, and War: Boissevain v. Weil" by J. Anderson
  • "Brown v. United States and Confiscation of Enemy Property" by IsaacSchaphorst

NOTES AND COMMENTS
  • "Kronid Malyshev and the Renaissance of Private International Law" by V. I. Ivanenko
  • "On Teaching the History of International Law" by W. E. Butler
  • "The People as a Subject of International Law"by I. O. Kresina and O. V. Kresin

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE
  • "Brief Calendar of International Practice for Spain and Portugal 1641 to 1818" by P. Macalister-Smith and J. Schwietzke

BOOK REVIEW
  •  Philippe Sands, Східно-західна вулция. Повернення до Львова 671 [East West Street: Return to Lviv] (2017) by T. R.Korotkyĭ and N. Pashkovskyĭ
Source: Legal History Blog and ESILHIL Blog.

CONFERENCE: 48th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (Houston, 8-11 NOV 2018)

(image source: Legal History Blog)

The program of the 48th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, to be held in Houston (8-11 November) is now available.

We point your attention to the panel The Secularization of Criminal Law in Europe (17th-19th Centuries): A Critical and Comparative Analysis, featuring Renée Lettow Lerner, Jacob Giltaij, Pim Oosterhuis, Yves Cartuyvels, Heikki Pihlajamäki and Aniceto Masferrer, or to the panel Crossing the Atlantic: 'Constitutional Ideas Travelling in Early Constitutionalism', with Ulrike Müssig, Judithanne Scourfield McLauchlan, Michal Galedek, Bodie Ashton and Marcin Byczyk, Nationality in the Nineteenth-Century Mediterranean with Fahad Bishara, Will Hanley, M'hamed Oualdi and Jessica Marglin, Common Law versus French Law, with Peter Johnstone, Gwenaël Guyon, Sylvain Soleil and David Gilles.

Tamar Herzog, whose Short History of European Law has been announced on our blog, will be the focus of a meet-the-author-session.

This is of course only a restricted and limited selection of a widely encompassing and fascinating programme !

Click here.

(source: Legal History Blog)

BOOK: Philippe AUDEGEAN and Luigi DELIA, eds., Le Moment Beccaria - Naissance du droit pénal moderne (1764-1810) (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781786941381, £65.00



OUP will be publishing a book on Beccaria’s contribution to modern penal law later this month.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Jamais, dans aucune autre période de l’histoire, le problème pénal n’a été aussi débattu qu’au siècle des Lumières. Or, l’événement déclencheur de ces débats est la publication des Délits et des peines, le petit livre de Cesare Beccaria dont la première édition paraît à Livourne en 1764. On assiste, après cette date et durant un demi-siècle, à une profusion impressionnante de réactions et de prolongements directement liés à cet ouvrage. À tel point que, pour désigner cette période, on a pu parler d’un ‘moment Beccaria’.

Les recherches rassemblées dans ce volume explorent différents foyers thématiques et géographiques (Allemagne, Angleterre, France, Italie) de cette phase inédite et fondatrice de l’histoire européenne du droit de punir. Pourquoi cette soudaine publicité du problème pénal? Comment s’est-elle manifestée, par quels canaux, sous quelles formes théoriques et matérielles?

Comme le montre cet ouvrage, le droit pénal moderne est né d’un livre, mais aussi de ses interprétations: il est né des idées de Beccaria et des débats qu’elles ont provoqués. Ces deux sources se sont croisées et ne peuvent se comprendre l’une sans l’autre.

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Throughout history, criminal law was never more discussed than during the Age of Enlightenment. The debates started after the publication of a small book by Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments, in Livorno in 1764. For fifty years from that date, reactions and additions to the book proliferated so much that this period is called by some "the Beccaria moment".

The contributions in this volume explore different thematic and geographical areas (Germany, England, France, Italy) to explore that innovative and foundational moment in the European history of criminal law. Why was the criminal problem suddenly publicised? How did those interrogations manifest? Which theoretical and material forms did they take?
This volume shows that modern criminal law originates in a book, and also in its interpretations –  in Beccaria's ideas and the debates they started. Those two sources interacted and now cannot be understood separately.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Lauréat du FNS, Luigi Delia est enseignant-chercheur post-doc à l’Université de Genève. Directeur du programme « Lumières juridiques » au Collège international de philosophie de Paris, il s’intéresse à l’histoire de la philosophie moderne et à la philosophie pénale. Il a publié Droit et philosophie à la lumière de l’Encyclopédie (Oxford, 2015).

Spécialiste de la pensée pénale des Lumières, Philippe Audegean est professeur de philosophie à l’université de Nice. Il a publié en 2009 une traduction commentée des Délits et des peines de Beccaria, puis en 2010 une étude sur toute l’œuvre de cet auteur (La Philosophie de Beccaria).

More information here