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19 February 2019

BOOK: Will HANLEY: Identifying with Nationality. Europeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians in Alexandria (New York: Columbia University Press, 2017), 416 p. ISBN 9780231177627, GBP 50

(image source: Columbia UP)

Book abstract:
Nationality is the most important legal mechanism sorting and classifying the world's population today. An individual's place of birth or naturalization determines where he or she can and cannot be and what he or she can and cannot do. Although this system may appear universal, even natural, Will Hanley shows that it arose just a century ago. In Identifying with Nationality, he uses the Mediterranean city of Alexandria to develop a genealogy of the nation and the formation of the modern national subject. Alexandria in 1880 was an immigrant boomtown ruled by dozens of overlapping regimes. On its streets and in its police stations and courtrooms, people were identified by name, occupation, place of origin, sect, physical description, and other attributes. Yet by 1914, before nationalist calls for independence and decolonization had become widespread, nationality had become the defining category of identification, and nationality laws came to govern Alexandria's population. Identifying with Nationality traces the advent of modern citizenship to multinational, transimperial settings such as turn-of-the-century colonial Alexandria, where ordinary people abandoned old identifiers and grasped nationality as the best means to access the protections promised by expanding states. The result was a system that continues to define and divide people through status, mobility, and residency.
On the author:
Will Hanley is assistant professor of history at Florida State University.
More information with the publisher.

(source: Legal History Blog)

BOOK: Gustavo GOZZI, Rights and Civilizations : A History and Philosophy of International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108474238, £ 95.00


(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press is publishing a new book on the history of international law (translated from Italian)

ABOUT THE BOOK

Rights and Civilizations, translated from the Italian original, traces a history of international law to illustrate the origins of the Western colonial project and its attempts to civilize the non-European world. The book, ranging from the sixteenth century to the twenty-first, explains how the West sought to justify its own colonial conquests through an ideology that revolved around the idea of its own assumed superiority, variously attributed to Christian peoples (in the early modern age), Western 'civil' peoples (in the nineteenth century), and 'developed' peoples (at the beginning of the twentieth century), and now to democratic Western peoples. In outlining this history and discourse, the book shows that, while the Western conception may style itself as universal, it is in fact relative. This comes out by bringing the Western civilization into comparison with others, mainly the Islamic one, suggesting the need for an 'intercivilizational' approach to international law.

  • Proposes a comparison between Western international law and Islamic international law so readers can appreciate the Western-centric character of international law and how to analyze it critically
  • Shows how international law can be analyzed through its anthropological underpinnings, so readers can understand the relation between Western hegemony and the West's representation of the inferiority of 'the other'
  • Highlights the need to embrace a concept of international law that takes the plurality of civilizations into account
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Gustavo Gozzi is full professor of the History of Political Doctrines and the History of International Law. He is currently Alma Mater Professor in Multiculturalism and Cultural Relativism at the University of Bologna. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the King Abdulaziz Chair for Islamic Studies at the University of Bologna. He has conducted research at the Max Planck Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte in Frankfurt am Main and has been visiting professor in Tunis, Istanbul, Tarragona, and Corinth. He is director of the series Democracies, Rights, Constitutions, and has founded a master's programme in International Cooperation on Human Rights and Intercultural Heritage.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface to this English translation
Introduction
Acknowledgements
A note on the contents
Part I. Ius Gentium and the Origins of International Law:
1. The rights of peoples and ius gentium: The origins of the modern age
2. Hugo Grotius and the law of peoples
3. Samuel Pufendorf and Emer de Vattel: Kant's 'miserable comforters'
4. The rights of man and cosmopolitan law: Kantian roots in the current debate on rights
Part II. International Law and Western Civilization:
5. International law and Western civilization
6. International law, peace, and justice: Hans Kelsen's normativism
7. Realist perspectives: historiography, international law, international relations
8. Order and anarchy: the Grotian tradition
Part III. International Law, Islam, and the Third World:
9. The law of peoples and international law
10. Islam and rights: Islamic and Arab charters of the rights of man
11. The Third World and international law
Part IV. Conditions for Peace:
12. The foundation of human rights: an intercultural perspective
13. Parallel worlds: international governance and the (utopian?) principles of international law
Glossary of Arab terms
Index.

More information here

LECTURE: Hersch Lauterpacht Memorial Lecture 2019 – Professor Tom Ginsburg on “Democracies and International Law” (Cambridge, 12/13/14 March 2019)



As the Hersch Lauterpacht Memorial Lecture 2019, Professor Tim Ginsburg (UChicago) is holding a three-part lecture on how democracies have behaved in international law.

A series of three lectures by Professor Tom Ginsburg, Leo Spitz Professor of International Law, Ludwig and Hilde Wolf Research Scholar, Professor of Political Science, The University of Chicago Law School.

All lectures are held at the Lauterpacht Centre at 6 pm on Tuesday 12 March, Wednesday 13 March and Thursday 14 March with a Q&A at 1 pm on Friday 15 March (sandwich lunch from 12.30 pm).

Lecture summary: Since at least the time of Immanuel Kant, scholars and diplomats have speculated that democracies act differently on the international plane, with consequences for both international and domestic governance.  The most recent manifestation of this view is the so-called “liberal” theory of international law, prominent in the late 1990s and early 2000s, which argued that democracies were especially likely to cooperate with each other in deep and meaningful ways. Because electoral cycles introduce some uncertainty in policy, placing some issues “beyond the state” would allow for more stability in policy. International law was thought to be especially attractive to new democracies, as domestic institutions were weak and not likely to be particularly credible.

Liberal theory had something of a teleological quality in terms of its predictions.  As the number of democracies expanded, and as their economies became more integrated, it was assumed that there would be further incentive for other states to join the club.  The view suggested that international law would contribute to the expansion of democracy itself, a view that was advanced by Thomas Franck’s famous argument about an international right to democratic governance.  When viewed from our current moment, these aspects of liberal theory appear naive.  Most notably, we have been facing, in the rich industrial democracies of the world, a rise in populism, which has taken as its primary target the international institutions associated with globalization.  Brussels and Luxembourg are the bogeymen in Europe; the International Monetary Fund and the The Inter American Court of Human Rights are the targets in Venezuela and La Paz.  The anti-globalist backlash is, very largely, a backlash against international law and the imposition of norms that originate from outside the territorial nation state, to be deployed by cosmopolitan elites at the expense of the decisional freedom of the single sovereign people. 

In these lectures, I conduct a comprehensive empirical examination of whether and how democracies actually do behave differently with regard to the core activities of international law.  Next I examine whether and how international legal institutions actually are supporting democracies in an era of backsliding, in accord with the predictions of liberal theory.  Finally, I speculate on the implications of the above for the future of international law, by looking at recent examples of authoritarian use of international agreements.

The Hersch Lauterpacht Memorial Lecture is an annual three-part lecture series given in Cambridge to commemorate the unique contribution to the development of international law of Sir Hersch Lauterpacht. These lectures are given annually by a person of eminence in the field of international law. 

More info here

BOOK: Matthew CROW, Thomas Jefferson, Legal History, and the Art of Recollection (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781107161931, £ 34.99


(Source: CUP)

We did not report yet on this book by CUP on Thomas Jefferson’s legal and political thought, published in 2017.

ABOUT THE BOOK

In this innovative book, historian Matthew Crow unpacks the legal and political thought of Thomas Jefferson as a tool for thinking about constitutional transformation, settler colonialism, and race and civic identity in the era of the American Revolution. Thomas Jefferson's practices of reading, writing, and collecting legal history grew out of broader histories of early modern empire and political thought. As a result of the peculiar ways in which he theorized and experienced the imperial crisis and revolutionary constitutionalism, Jefferson came to understand a republican constitution as requiring a textual, material culture of law shared by citizens with the cultivated capacity to participate in such a culture. At the center of the story in Thomas Jefferson, Legal History, and the Art of Recollection, Crow concludes, we find legal history as a mode of organizing and governing collective memory, and as a way of instituting a particular form of legal subjectivity.

·         Sheds new light on Jefferson's thinking through original archival research and situates Jefferson's intellectual practice in a variety of contexts such as legal history and colonialism

·         Focuses on a single figure while showing the historical and theoretical relationships between legal, political, and historical thought in the early modern Atlantic world and the founding of the United States

·         Expands our understanding of the history and politics of historical thought by putting Jefferson's use of history in dialogue with the present

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Matthew CrowHobart and William Smith Colleges, New York
Matthew Crow is an Assistant Professor of History at Hobart and William Smith Colleges in Geneva, New York.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction: 'in the course of human events…'
2. Jurisdiction and British legal memory in colonial Virginia
3. New-modeling and rewriting in revolutionary Virginia
4. Labor, language, and the legal subject of the Notes on the State of Virginia
5. Governing the usufruct of the living
6. The discipline of recollection. Conclusion.

More information here

18 February 2019

JOURNAL: Glossae. European Journal of Legal History 15 (2018): Comparative Legal History

(image source: Glossae)

Preface (Luisa Brunori, Aniceto Masferrer, Alain Wijffels)

Modena 1182, the origins of a new paradigm of ownership. The interface between historical contingency and the scholarly invention of legal categories (Emanuele Conte)

Causa and opinion evidence: the Roman-canonical origins of the prohibition of opinion evidence in the common law (Yves Mausen)

Diversité ou unité? Culture juridique, correspondances et différences dans la recherche de la justice en Europe (Anja Amend-Traut)

Particularisme juridique et développements communs (Moyen-Âge–Temps modernes): Une perspective suédoise (Mia Korpiola)

History of business law: a European history? (Luisa Brunori)

Modalités de vote dans les tribunaux collégiaux. La diffusion des idées des Lumières en Europe au 19ème siècle (Wolfgang Ernst)

Was the French Civil Code ‘the Model’ of the Spanish One? An Approach to the Uniqueness of the Spanish Civil Code (Aniceto Masferrer)

Crossing boundaries. Comparative constitutional history as a space of communication, (Luigi Lacchè)

The Role of Doctrinal Writing in Creating Administrative Law: France and England Compared (John Bell)

Fingerposts and Armsäulen:Comparative legal history’s manifold itineraries to legal culture (Alain Wijffels)

How to Build a Modern Romanian Nation-State? Authoritarianism versus Parliamentarianism at Mid-19th Century (Manuel Gutan)

Fides integra, sana, non vaccilans. Mancio de Corpus Christi († 1576) on the (in)compatibility of doubt and good faith (Jan Hallebeek)

El problema inherente a la identificación del vicio de fugitivo en la acción redhibitoria del ius commune privatum castellano-indiano (Juan Carlos Prado Rodríguez)

Book reviews:
Juan Antonio Bueno Delgado, El edicto justinianeo de los “Tres Capítulos”en el marco de la disputa cristológica sobre la doble naturaleza de Cristo. ColecciónMonografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica. Sección: Derecho Público yPrivado Romano, Dykinson, Madrid, 2018, 239 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-654-1;ISBN electrónico: 978-84-9148-681-7] (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Manlio Bellomo, Roffredo Beneventano, professore a Roma. Lecturae super Codicein un Apparatus recollectus di ignoto allievo, Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt amMain, 2018, 298 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-465-04357-7] (F. Javier Casinos Mora)

Aniceto Masferrer (ed.), The Western Codification of Criminal Law. A Revision of theMyth of its Predominant French Influence, Dordrecht-Heidelberg-London-New York:Springer (Collection ‘History of Law and Justice’), 2018, 427 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-319-71911-5] (José Franco Chasán)

Andrea Padovani, Dall’alba al crepusculo del commento: Giovanni da Imola (1375 ca. -1436) ela giurisprudenza del suo tempo, Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 2017 (Studien zureuropäischen Rechtsgeschichte 303), XIV + 312 pp., € 79,00 [ISBN-10: 3465043081; ISBN-13: 978-3465043089] (Paola Maffei)

Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno, Iura et humanitas. Diálogos entre el Derecho y laLiteratura, Madrid: Dykinson, 2017 [ISBN: 978-84-9148-307-6] (Aniceto Masferrer)

Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno, Un estudio sobre la antigüedad: la Apología deSócrates, Madrid: Dykinson, 2018, 211 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-648-0] (V. Ponte y Arrebola)

Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno, Un estudio sobre la antigüedad: la Apología deSócrates, Colección Monografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica. Sección:Cultura Clásica, Dykinson: Madrid, 2018, 211 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-648-0] (Juan Antonio Bueno Delgado)

Núria Coch Roura, La forma estipulatoria. Una aproximación al estudio del lenguaje directo en el Digesto, Dykinson: Colección de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica, Madrid, 2017, 417 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-369-4; ISBN electrónico: 978- 84-9148-409-7] (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Francisco Cuena Boy, Sociedad y derecho en Indias y en Nicolás Gómez Dávila,Nápoles: Editoriale Scientifica, 2017, 115 pp. [ISBN: 978-88-9391-039-2] (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Beatriz García Fueyo, Consideraciones sobre la merces, in pecunianumerata, en la locatio-conductio operarum: del Derecho Romano al contrato detrabajo. Prólogo Antonio Fernández de Buján. Madrid: Dykinson, ColecciónMonografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica, 2018, 195 pp. [ISBN: 978-84-9148-657-2; ISBN electrónico: 978-84-9148-710-4], (Juan Alfredo Obrarrio Moreno)

Justo García Sánchez y Beatriz García Fueyo, Diego de Covarrubias y Leyva.Summa de delictis et eorum poenis. Año 1540 (Primer tratado de derecho penal, parteespecial, de Europa), Servicio de publicaciones de la Universidad de Oviedo,Salamanca y Granada, 2018, 572 pp (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Enedetta Albani, Otto Danwerth, Thomas Duve (eds.), Normatividades einstituciones eclesiásticas en la Nueva España, siglos XVI-XIX, Frankfurt amMain: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Global Perspectives onLegal History 5, 2018, 303 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-944773-04-9; ISBN: 978-3-944773-14-8; ISSN: 2196-9752], pp 331-335 (Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno)

Massimo Brutti & Alessandro Somma (eds.), Diritto: storia e comparazione,Frankfurt am Main: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, GlobalPerspectives on Legal History 11, 2018, 608 pp. [ISBN: 978-3-944773-20-9;ISSN: 2196-9752] (José Miguel Piquer Marí)

News:
Congreso: La Codificación penal española decimonónica. Tradición e influencias extranjeras en la Parte Especial. (José Franco Chasán)

V Congreso Internacional de la European Society for Comparative Legal HistoryESCLH Fifth Biennial Conference: “Law across Codes and Laws decoded”École Normale Supérieure (Paris, Francia), 28-30 de junio de 2018 (Juan B. Cañizares-Navarro)

(all texts in fulltext here)

BOOK: Sebastian WUSCHKA et al., eds., Zeit und Internationales Recht [Ius Internationale et Europaeum] (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019). ISBN 978-3-16-155921-1, €79.00


(Source: Mohr Siebeck)

Mohr Siebeck is publishing a collected edition on time and international law.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Der vorliegende Band widmet sich dem durch Zeit hervorgerufenen Wandel des internationalen Rechts. Dabei treffen verschiedene Generationen von Völkerrechtlern zusammen, die sich über Veränderungen im internationalen Recht austauschen.

Der Forschungsansatz ist querschnittsartig. Die Autoren identifizieren verschiedene Dynamiken des Wandels im Recht und analysieren, welchen zeitlichen Horizont alte und neue Rechtssätze im Völkerrecht besitzen. Ebenfalls werden methodische Fragestellungen untersucht: Verändert sich zum Beispiel die Auslegung von völkerrechtlichen Normen durch zunehmende Institutionalisierung oder durch neue Regelungstechniken? Kritisch beleuchtet werden überdies Legitimationsfragen. Die Figur des Fortschritts, die auf Völkerrechtler einen besonderen Reiz ausübt, wird hinterfragt und einer Rückbesinnung auf souveränitätsschonenden Ausgleich von staatlichen Interessen und Dispositionsfreiheit gegenübergestellt.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Isabella Risini ist Akademische Rätin auf Zeit an der Juristischen Fakultät der Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Felix Boor ist Akademischer Rat auf Zeit am Fachbereich Sozialökonomie an der Fakultät für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften der Universität Hamburg und korrespondierendes Mitglied des Instituts für Friedenssicherungsrecht und Humanitäres Völkerrecht an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Stefan Lorenzmeier ist Akademischer Rat an der Juristischen Fakultät der Universität Augsburg.

Sebastian Wuschka ist Doktorand und Lehrbeauftragter an der Juristischen Fakultät der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Rechtsreferendar am Hanseatischen Oberlandesgericht und Mitglied der Praxisgruppe Int. Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit der Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft in Hamburg.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Felix Boor/Stefan Lorenzmeier/Isabella Risini/Sebastian Wuschka: Zeit und Internationales Recht. Vermessung der Veränderung

Part 1: Der Faktor Zeit: Regelungsperspektive und Methode
Jochen Rauber: Verschiebungen im Zeithorizont des Völkerrechts. Erscheinungsformen und Probleme völkerrechtlicher Zukunftsorientierung – Maria Bertel: EMRK und demokratische Legitimation: Eine unendliche Geschichte? – Marten Breuer: Demokratieprinzip oder Staatensouveränität? Ein Kommentar zu „EMRK und demokratische Legitimation: Eine unendliche Geschichte?“ von Maria Bertel – Dominic Beckers-Schwarz: Das Zusammenspiel von WTO-Recht und Investitionsrecht. Interaktion mit Beispielcharakter für andere Bereiche des Völkerrechts? – Katharina Gatzsche: Einvernehmliche Aufhebungen und Abänderungen bilateraler Investitionschutzabkommen – Karsten Nowrot: Kommentar: Völkerrechtlicher Umgang mit ambivalenten Regressionsphänomenen im internationalen Investitionsrecht

Part 2: Der Faktor Zeit: Veränderung und Beständigkeit
Tobias Ackermann: Die Auswirkungen bewaffneter Konflikte auf völkerrechtliche Verträge im Wandel der Zeit – Linus Mührel: Die Kommentare des Internationalen Komitees vom Roten Kreuz, ihre Autorität und ihr Einfluss auf die Entwicklung des Humanitären Völkerrechts im Wandel der Zeit – Antal Berkes: Frozen Conflicts, Consolidation of De Facto Regimes and the Obligation of Timely Cooperation – Sué González Hauck: Die Idee des Fortschritts in der Debatte um die Beschränkung des Veto-Rechts des Sicherheitsrates der Vereinten Nationen

Part 3: Der Faktor Zeit: Auswirkungen auf das materielle Völkerrecht
Elisabeth Hoffberger-Pippan: Restitutionsansprüche von Kulturgütern im Völkerrecht – Der Faktor „Zeit“ als konstituierendes Merkmal – Yury Safoklov: Völkerrecht als lex aeterna – Zur rückwirkenden Anwendung völkervertraglicher Wertungen durch den Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte – Elena Konnova: The Right to Self-determination and Time – Stefan Lorenzmeier: Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker als Einschränkung der Vertragskompetenz der Europäischen Union

More information here

15 February 2019

WORKSHOP: Socialist interpretations of legal history. The histories and historians of law and justice in the GDR, Poland and the Baltic states under the reign of communism (22-23 MAR 2019)

(image source: helsinki)

The aim of the workshop at hand is to concentrate on the interaction between historians and communist regimes, but rather than investigating the control exercised by the communist states, we focus on the position of legal historians and their representations of history. How did the historians see the recent past, and how did that affect their vision on the future? What elements remained from the era preceding communism, and with what means did the scholars find leeway between strict ideological preconditions and their scholarly identity? 

After the Second World War, the Soviet occupied Eastern part of Germany, Poland and Baltic States all experienced – in a varying thoroughness – a drastic reorganization of higher education, which was purported to root socialist worldview to their respective academia. Consequently, in the following years also legal scholars advertised the anti-fascist, peaceable and democratizing characteristics of socialist law as an antidote to all what the western legal system supposedly encouraged and embodied. At the same time western continental legal science concentrated on the long lines of legal history, constructing its view as an exact opposite to what started to take shape as the socialist legal science. 

Rather than treating legal history and jurisprudence as mere political tools of the communist regimes, our workshop at hand focuses on the history of the scholarly representations of legal history and jurisprudence. We presume that writing the history of a community or a legal system left free space for scholars to express themselves as scientists, citizens and temporal subjects, even in communist regimes. Furthermore, we argue that this space for personal interpretation becomes evident in the works of the legal historians and legal scientists. The workshop is being arranged in a cooperation by the Centre of Excellence 'Law, Identity and the European Narratives' at the University of Helsinki and The Institut für neuere Privatrechtsgeschichte, University of Cologne. The workshop attempts to bring together scholars and approaches from variety of disciplines and fields of study. Our confirmed key-note speakers are Michal Kopecek (Jena/Prague), Marianna Muravyeva (Helsinki) and Lauri Mälksoo (Tartu). In order to analyze the ‘socialist interpretations of legal history’ in different times and regions across the Eastern Central Europe and former USSR, our workshop concentrates on (but is not restricted to) the following characteristics of socialist legal science and historiography. 

The Past, the Present and the Future in socialist legal history. What kind of narratives did the scholars reconstruct to their respected legal orders, or in general to European legal culture? How did they posit their narratives vis-à-vis the western story of European legal history, or which parts they rebuked in that narrative of the West? What were the foundational periods or agents in the socialist reconstructions and why so? 

Concepts and tropes. Where there key-concepts, tropes and metaphors in socialist legal history, and if so, where they transnational in nature or did they remain as local inventions of a national legal discipline? By whom and when they were introduced? 

The Networks and Schools in the jurisprudence of the GDR, Poland and Baltic states of the former USSR. How did the legal scholars of the former communist regimes organized themselves? Where there competing approaches to and paradigm shifts within the discipline of legal history? 

Continuities and discontinuities in socialist legal historiography. In what ways did the legal historical scholarship “started from the scratch” after 1945, distinct from bourgeois worldview and previous historical narratives? What stayed over from the inter-war period and what was rejected? How the further change in political and social conditions of the communist regimes affected legal historiography?

March 22, 2019
13.45–14.00 Ville Erkkilä, Hans-Peter Haferkamp: Opening remarks
14.00–15.00 Keynote speech, Michal Kopecek (Jena/Prague): The Socialist Conception of Human Rights and its Dissident Critique. East Central Europe 1960s-1980s.
15.00–15.30 Martin Otto (Hagen): We few, we happy few? Legal History in the GDR
15.30–16.00 Adolfo Giuliani (Helsinki): Eastern Europe and the legal historian. Changing images of the Eastern legal tradition: Roman law, canon law, Pandektism and anti-Pandektism.
16.15–17.15 Keynote speech, Marianna Muravyeva (Helsinki): TBA
17.15–17.45 Marju Luts–Sootak (Tallinn): Strategies of covert resistance in teaching and studying legal history at the University of Tartu in the Soviet era.
March 23, 2019
10.30–11.30 Keynote speech, Lauri Mälksoo (Tartu): The Concept of Human Rights in the Soviet Legal and Political Thinking.
11.30–12.00 Sanita Osipova (Riga): Valdemars Kalnins (1907-1981) – the founder of the Soviet legal history in Latvia.
13.30–14.00 Adrian Schmidt-Recla (Jena): Getaway into the Middle Ages? Topics, methods and results of socialist legal historiography in Jena
14.00–14.30 Martha Bucholc (Bonn): TBA
14.30–15.00 Anton Rudokvas (St.Petersburg): Roman law studies in the USSR
15.15–15.45 Diana Kudaibergenova (Lund): TBA
15.45–16.15 Ville Erkkilä (Helsinki): Law, Land and Community. Historicizing the socialist land reform in East Germany
(more information here)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Assistance, protection and social control in the States of Savoie and neighbouring states (Nice: Faculté de droit et de science politique, 28-29 NOV 2019); DEADLINE 1 MAY 2019

(image source: provenceweb)


Summary:
L’étude des sources juridiques et judiciaires a toujours été essentielle pour l’histoire sociale ; celle qui a pris forme durant les années 60 du XXe siècle n’aurait pu exister sans elles. Pour autant, cette histoire sociale a débuté par une « histoire par le haut » : les études consacrées aux sources juridiques ont commencé par aborder le droit tel qu’il était produit par les institutions publiques et les acteurs juridictionnels. Mais cela a également permis d’inaugurer une nouvelle approche de la source juridique de la part de l’histoire sociale : non seulement ces sources peuvent être utilisées pour éclairer des éléments oubliés d'histoire sociale, mais leur approche, dans une perspective sociologique ou anthropologique, peut améliorer notre compréhension des constructions normatives et des pratiques judiciaires. Nice- Faculté de droit et science politique, 28-29 Novembre 2019
Arguments:
Ainsi, une lecture du droit tel qu’il est appliqué aux individus et tel qu’ils le ressentent offre d’importantes opportunités : elle peut d’abord fournir un complément à ce que peuvent apporter d’autres sources historiques, mais nous éclairer également sur le contexte sociopolitique et les éléments d’expérience sociale qui produisent des sources juridiques dans toute leur diversité. Ce colloque a ainsi pour objectif d’explorer la manière dont des sources juridiques peuvent être utilisées dans une perspective analytique d’histoire sociale. La thématique choisie concerne le domaine dans lequel le droit est le plus proche de besoins des individus : celui de l’assistance, de la protection et du contrôle social. Cette problématique centrale de l’histoire sociale n’a jamais été abordée dans les États de Savoie : l’historiographie de l’assistance, de la protection et du contrôle social y est quasiment inexistante, en tous cas envisagée à partir de sources juridiques et judiciaires. Or, l’assistance, la protection et le contrôle social sont des enjeux humains, sociétaux, politiques, économiques, juridiques voire juridictionnels de premier ordre et posent, dans une perspective d’histoire sociale, de multiples questions : Celle d’abord des personnes assistées, en situation de faiblesse de précarité, ou de vulnérabilité et de leurs besoins : les pauvres (mendiants, vagabonds, familles pauvres, familles nombreuses), les malades ou victimes d’accidents (contaminés contagieux, victimes d’épidémies, déments, infirmes, victimes de guerre, blessés), les vieillards, les femmes (veuves, filles-mères, prostituées), les enfants (enfants abandonnés, orphelins), les étrangers (migrants, réfugiés, déplacés, voyageurs, pèlerins), les prisonniers, chômeurs, naufragés… Cette même diversité se retrouve lorsqu’on s’intéresse aux dispositifs d’assistance, qu’il s’agisse des moyens (aumônes, assurances privées, assurances sociales, mutuelles) ou des structures (hôpitaux, hospices, asiles, lazarets, sanatoria, ateliers de charité, xenodochia). On la retrouve aussi lorsqu’on pense aux acteurs de l’assistance et de la protection, qu’il s’agisse d’acteurs privés (corporations, confréries de pénitents, associations de dévotion, entreprises, philanthropes, sociétés de secours mutuels, loges maçonniques) ou bien d’acteurs institutionnels (États, Communes, Départements, Provinces, Églises, congrégations religieuses, armée, monts de piété, caisses de crédit municipal). La cadre chronologique est volontairement large, puisqu’il couvre la période du Moyen Âge, de l’Âge baroque, des Temps modernes et de l’histoire contemporaine. Le Cadre géographique est celui des Anciens États de Savoie (dans leur acception la plus large) et des États limitrophes à titre de comparaison et afin de mettre en lumière la circulation des modèles et des pratiques. Les langues du colloque étant l’italien, le français et l’anglais, la communication faite dans une langue fera l’objet d’un résumé d’une page dans au moins une des deux autres langues, et sera distribué au moment du colloque. Les communications seront limitées à 20 minutes.
 Practicalities:
Les propositions de communication devront parvenir à l’adresse suivante :marc.ortolani@univ-cotedazur.frEn mentionnant :
  • les coordonnées de l’auteur (adresse mail, téléphone)
  • le titre (même provisoire) de la communication
  • un bref résumé (10 lignes maximum)
  • une présentation de l’auteur (10 lignes maximum)
Délai de réponse à l’appel à communication : au plus tard le 1er mai 2019
Scientific committee:
  • Michael Breen (Reed College)
  • Marco Carassi (Archivio di Stato, Turin)
  • Françoise Briegel (University of Geneva)
  • Thomas Kuehn (Clemson University)
  • Marc Ortolani (Université Côte d’Azur)
  • Daniel Smail (Harvard University)
  • Angelo Torre (University of Eastern Piedmont)
  • Gian  Savino Pen Vidari (Université de Turin)
  • Matt Vester (West Viginia University)
  • Olivier Vernier (Université Côte d’Azur)

(source: calenda)

BOOK: Claudy OP DEN KAMP and Dan HUNTER, eds., A history of Intellectual Property in 50 Objects (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019). ISBN 9781108420013



(Source: CUP)

Cambridge University Press is publishing a book on the history of IP in 50 objects.

ABOUT THE BOOK

What do the Mona Lisa, the light bulb, and a Lego brick have in common? The answer — intellectual property (IP) — may be suprising, because IP laws are all about us, but go mostly unrecognized. They are complicated and arcane, and few people understand why they should care about copyright, patents, and trademarks. In this lustrous collection, Claudy Op den Kamp and Dan Hunter have brought together a group of contributors — drawn from around the globe in fields including law, history, sociology, science and technology, media, and even horticulture — to tell a history of IP in 50 objects. These objects not only demonstrate the significance of the IP system, but also show how IP has developed and how it has influenced history. Each object is at the core of a story that will be appreciated by anyone interested in how great innovations offer a unique window into our past, present, and future.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Claudy Op den Kamp, Bournemouth University

Claudy Op den Kamp is Senior Lecturer in Film and faculty member at the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and Management (CIPPM) at Bournemouth University, UK, and Adjunct Research Fellow at Swinburne Law School, Melbourne. She has previously worked as Haghefilm Conservation's Account Manager, as a Film Restoration Project Leader at the Nederlands Filmmuseum, and as a senior research assistant in the film restoration research project DIASTOR at the Department of Film Studies at the University of Zurich. Her monograph, The Greatest Films Never Seen: The Film Archive and the Copyright Smokescreen, was published in 2018.

Dan Hunter, Swinburne Law School, Australia

Dan Hunter is the founding dean of Swinburne Law School, Melbourne. He is an international expert in internet law, intellectual property, and artificial intelligence models of law. He has previously held positions at QUT Law School, New York Law School, Melbourne Law School, the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, and Cambridge University. He is author of Intellectual Property (2012) and co-author of For The Win: How Game Thinking Can Revolutionize Your Business (2012).

ABOUT THE BOOK

I. Introduction: Of People, Places, and Parlance Claudy Op den Kamp and Dan Hunter
Objects: II. The Pre-Modern Period:
1. Goryeo Celadon Hee-Kyoung Spiritas Cho
2. Murano Glass Vase Stefania Fusco
3. Mona Lisa Andrea Wallace
4. Tempesta Map of Rome Jane C. Ginsburg
III. The Age of Invention:
5. Hogarth Engraving Michael Punt
6. Lithograph Amanda Scardamaglia
7. Morse Telegraph Adam Mossoff
8. Singer Sewing Machine Lionel Bently
9. Uncle Tom's Cabin Peter Jaszi
10. Corset Kara W. Swanson
11. A.G. Bell Telephone Christopher Beauchamp
12. Light Bulb Stef van Gompel
13. Oscar Wilde Portrait Megan Richardson
14. Kodak Camera Jessica Lake
15. Kinetoscope Peter Decherney
16. Deerstalker Hat Ronan Deazley
17. Paper Print Claudy Op den Kamp
IV. Modern Times:
18. Player Piano Roll Maurizio Borghi
19. Champagne Dev S. Gangjee
20. Steamboat Willie Peter Decherney
21. PH-Lamp Stina Teilmann-Lock
22. Climbing Rose Brad Sherman
23. Penguin Paperback Stuart Kells
24. Ferragamo Wedge Marianne Dahlén
25. Aspirin Pill Catherine Bond
V. The Consumption Age:
26. Bell Transistor Beth Webster
27. Oral Contraceptive Pill Melanie Brown
28. Photocopier Jessica Silbey
29. Elstar Apple Jeroen Scharroo
30. Chanel 2.55 Jeannie Suk Gersen
31. Lego Brick Dan Hunter and Julian Thomas
32. Barbie Doll Dan Hunter and Greg Lastowka
33. Coca-Cola Bottle Jacob Gersen and C. Scott Hemphill
34. Zapruder Film Brian L. Frye
35. Audiotape Cassette Robin Wright
36. Action Figure Jason Bainbridge
37. RAM-Chip Jake Goldenfein
38. Football Michael J. Madison
VI. The Digital Now:
39. Polymer Banknote Tom Spurling
40. Post-it Note Stavroula Karapapa
41. Betamax Julian Thomas
42. Escalator Megan M. Carpenter
43. 3D Printer Dinusha Mendis
44. CD Matthew David
45. Internet Jonathan Zittrain
46. Wi-Fi Router Terry Healy
47. Viagra Pill Graham Dutfield
48. Qantas Skybed Mitchell Adams
49. Mike Tyson Tattoo Marie Hadley
50. Bitcoin Primavera De Filippi.
More information here

14 February 2019

PRIZE: Peter Gonville Stein Book Award - American Society for Legal History (DEADLINE 15 MAR 2019)

(image source: Squire Law Library)


The Peter Gonville Stein Book Award is awarded annually for the best book in legal history written in English. This award is designed to recognize and encourage the further growth of fine work in legal history that focuses on all non-US regions, as well as global and international history. To be eligible, a book must sit outside of the field of US legal history and be published during the previous calendar year. Announced at the annual meeting of the ASLH, this honor includes a citation on the contributions of the work to the broader field of legal history. A book may only be considered for the Stein Award, the Reid Award, or the Cromwell Book Prize. It may not be nominated for more than one of these three prizes.

The Stein Award is named in memory of Peter Gonville Stein, BA, LLB (Cantab); PhD (Aberdeen); QC; FBA; Honorary Fellow, ASLH, and eminent scholar of Roman law at the University of Cambridge, and made possible by a generous contribution from an anonymous donor. Read more about Dr. Stein here.

For the 2019 prize, the Stein Award Committee will accept nominations of any book (not including textbooks, critical editions, and collections of essays) that bears a copyright date of 2018 as it appears on the printed version of the book. Translations into English may be nominated, provided they are published within two years of the publication date of the original version.

Nominations for the Stein Award (including self-nominations) should be submitted by March 15, 2019. Please send an e-mail to the Committee at steinaward@aslh.net and include: (1) a curriculum vitae of the author (including the author’s e-mail address); and (2) the name, mailing address, e-mail address, and phone number of the contact person at the press who will provide the committee with two copies of the book. This person will be contacted shortly after the deadline. (If a title is short-listed, four further copies will be requested from the publisher.)

Please contact the committee chair, Matthew Mirow, with any questions at mirowm@fiu.edu

(source: ASLH/Prof. Matthew Mirow)

JOBS: PhD and Postdoc Scholarships, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt am Main (DEADLINE 31 MAY 2019)

(source: blogger)

Every year we welcome numerous researchers and scholarship holders from all over the world who come to Frankfurt in order to get in touch with other researchers in a productive working atmosphere and to conduct research in our library with its many special collections.
The MPIeR awards several fellowships for a research stay at the Institute in 2020.
For 2020 the main areas of research pursued at the Institute are:
Department I – Professor Stefan Vogenauer
  • Legal transfer in the common law world
  • History of European Union Law
  • Fundamental issues concerning legal reception
Department II – Professor Thomas Duve
  • History of legal historiography: traditions of writing legal history
  • Law and diversity: legal historical perspectives
  • Glocalicing normativities in Iberian Imperial territories (15th – 19th century)
Deadline for applications is May 31st 2019.
(source: ESILHIL Blog)

PODCAST: Medieval History for Fun and Profit by Dr. Alice Rio and Dr. Alice Taylor




King’s College Dr. Alice Rio and Dr. Taylor have recently made a podcast called “Medieval History for Fun and Profit”. Episode 13 deals with justice in the Middle Ages.

How fair was what passed for a criminal justice system?” How could the concern for justice be so universal, yet exclude so many people? Were lords less likely to be convicted than poor people? (And what about pigs or butterflies?) Listen and find out.

The full podcast can be found here

BOOK: Dagmar HERZOG, Unlearning Eugenics : Sexuality, Reproduction, and Disability in Post-Nazi Europe (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2018). ISBN 9780299319205, $39.95


(Source: UW Press)

University of Wisconsin press has published a new book on reproductive rights and disability rights in postwar Europe.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Since the defeat of the Nazi Third Reich and the end of its horrific eugenics policies, battles over the politics of life, sex, and death have continued and evolved. Dagmar Herzog documents how reproductive rights and disability rights, both latecomers to the postwar human rights canon, came to be seen as competing—with unexpected consequences.

Bringing together the latest findings in Holocaust studies, the history of religion, and the history of sexuality in postwar—and now also postcommunist—Europe, Unlearning Eugenics shows how central the controversies over sexuality, reproduction, and disability have been to broader processes of secularization and religious renewal. Herzog also restores to the historical record a revelatory array of activists: from Catholic and Protestant theologians who defended abortion rights in the 1960s–70s to historians in the 1980s–90s who uncovered the long-suppressed connections between the mass murder of the disabled and the Holocaust of European Jewry; from feminists involved in the militant "cripple movement" of the 1980s to lawyers working for right-wing NGOs in the 2000s; and from a handful of pioneers in the 1940s–60s committed to living in intentional community with individuals with cognitive disability to present-day disability self-advocates.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR 

Dagmar Herzog is a Distinguished Professor of History and Daniel Rose Faculty Scholar at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. Her many books include Cold War Freud: Psychoanalysis in an Age of Catastrophes and Sexuality in Europe: A Twentieth-Century History.

More information here